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1.
Stem Cell Res ; 51: 102215, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540282

RESUMO

The human-induced pluripotent stem cell lines (hiPSCs) (CMCi009), derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a 42-year-old woman who were diagnosed as Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) caused by the frameshift deletion mutation c.1285delC in FCLN gene, was generated using synthetic mRNA. Generated hiPSCs showed a typical human embryonic stem cell like morphology and expressed all pluripotency-associated markers, and directly differentiated into all three germ layers. Karyotyping of generated iPSCs showed normal 46, XY (CMCi009-A) respectively. In summary, we generated a novel patient-specific hiPSCs line containing the same mutation of FLCN gene and it can be used to provide additional insights for BHD pathophysiology.

2.
Stem Cell Res ; 51: 102214, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545641

RESUMO

Human-induced pluripotent stem cell lines (hiPSCs) derived from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a woman (CMCi007-A) and her son (CMCi006-A) diagnosed with Fabry disease (FD) caused by the frameshift deletion mutation c.969delC in the alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) gene were generated. These hiPSCs showed typical human embryonic stem cell-like morphology and expressed pluripotency-associated markers, and directly differentiated into all three germ-layers. Karyotyping showed normal 46, XY (CMCi006-A) and 46, XX (CMCi007-A). In summary, we generated novel patient-specific hiPSC lines from both a female and male containing the same mutation, which may provide additional insight into the pathophysiology of FD.

3.
Ann Transplant ; 26: e927984, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate the effect of everolimus (EVL) with low-dose tacrolimus (Tac) on the development of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in kidney transplantation (KT). MATERIAL AND METHODS Seventy-seven kidney transplant patients from 4 transplant centers were included. Patients were randomized to the "EVL group" (n=38) and the "TAC group" (n=39). The target Tac trough level was 2 to 5 ng/mL in the EVL group and 5 to 10 ng/mL in the TAC group. RESULTS The 1-year cumulative incidence of PTDM in all patients was 7.8%, and no difference was found between the 2 groups (P=0.0819). Insulin resistance measured with the homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance showed a significant increase only in the TAC group (1.11 to 1.30, P=0.0492). Allograft rejection rate and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) follow-ups every 3 months were not significantly different between the 2 groups. However, the EVL group showed a significant increase in the mean eGFR at 9 months and 12 months after KT compared to the baseline value (P=0.0242 and 0.0491, respectively). The EVL group showed lower insulin resistance and higher allograft function in comparison to the TAC group. CONCLUSIONS EVL-based immunosuppressive therapy with lower Tac exposure could be a safer alternative for maintenance treatment.

4.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430574

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), is a promising antioxidant; however, low bioavailability owing to lipid-solubility is a limiting factor. We developed water-soluble CoQ10 (CoQ10-W) and compared its effects with conventional lipid-soluble CoQ10 (CoQ10-L) in an experimental model of chronic tacrolimus (Tac) nephropathy. Methods: CoQ10-W was developed from a glycyrrhizic-carnitine mixed layer CoQ10 micelle based on acyltransferases. Chronic nephropathy was induced in rats with 28-day Tac treatment; they were concomitantly treated with CoQ10-L or CoQ10-W. CoQ10 level in plasma and kidney were measured using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. CoQ10-W and CoQ10-L effects on Tac-induced nephropathy were assessed in terms of renal function, histopathology, oxidative stress, and apoptotic cell death. Their effects on cell viability and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were assessed in cultured proximal tubular cells, human kidney 2 (HK-2) cells. Results: The plasma CoQ10 level was significantly higher in the CoQ10-W group than in the CoQ10-L group. Tac treatment caused renal dysfunction, typical pathologic lesions, and oxidative stress markers. Serum creatinine was restored in the Tac + CoQ10-L or CoQ10-W groups compared with that in the Tac group. CoQ10-W administration reduced oxidative stress and apoptosis markers. Mitochondrial ultrastructure assessment revealed that the addition of CoQ10-L or CoQ10-W with Tac increased mitochondrial size and number than Tac treatment alone. In vitro investigations revealed that both CoQ10-L and CoQ10-W improved cell viability and reduced ROS production in the Tac-induced HK-2 cell injury. Conclusions: CoQ10-W has a better therapeutic effect in Tac-induced renal injury than conventional CoQ10-L, possibly associated with improved CoQ10 bioavailability.

5.
J Endourol ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478345

RESUMO

Purpose: Forgotten ureteral stents are associated with safety issues, increased cost, and medicolegal disputes. Tracking ureteral stents is cumbersome due to the variety in placement periods. We developed and validated an electronic medical record (EMR) system-based algorithm for monitoring patients with ureteral stent placements. Materials and Methods: The Stent Tracking Algorithm Registry (STAR) is automatically activated once the physician enters the stent placement or replacement billing code into the EMR billing system. At 120 days, an overdue notification is generated and sent to the attending physician via an EMR pop-up dashboard and e-mail. The model is automatically deactivated when the stent of the corresponding laterality is removed. To validate the feasibility of STAR, we performed a retrospective review of 2,194 patients who received stent placements between November 2006 and September 2019. Results: Among 2,194 patients, STAR retrospectively identified 354 (16.1%) patients suspected of harboring forgotten ureteral stents. A total of 12 (0.5%) patients actually had forgotten ureteral stents and were contacted for removal. A total of 124 (5.7%) patients were identified due to the omission of the stent removal billing code, while 209 (9.5%) patients were identified due to being lost to follow-up after referral to another healthcare facility or death. There were no cases in which STAR identified patients whose stents were removed or replaced at an appropriate time frame. Conclusions: STAR provides an efficient interface with which to prevent the occurrence of forgotten ureteral stents. This model can be integrated into any EMR system that utilizes coding algorithms.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(2)2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33467096

RESUMO

B cell activating factor (BAFF) is a cytokine that plays a role in the survival, proliferation and differentiation of B cells. We proposed to observe the effects of BAFF inhibition on the humoral immune responses of an allosensitized mouse model using HLA.A2 transgenic mice. Wild-type C57BL/6 mice were sensitized with skin allografts from C57BL/6-Tg (HLA-A2.1)1Enge/J mice and were treated with anti-BAFF monoclonal antibody (mAb) (named Sandy-2) or control IgG1 antibody. HLA.A2-specific IgG was reduced in BAFF-inhibited mice compared to the control group (Δ-13.62 vs. Δ27.07, p < 0.05). BAFF inhibition also resulted in increased pre-pro and immature B cell proportions and decreased mature B cells in the bone marrow (p < 0.05 vs. control). In the spleen, an increase in transitional B cells was observed with a significant decrease in marginal and follicular B cells (p < 0.05 vs. control). There was no significant difference in the proportions of long-lived plasma and memory B cells. Microarray analysis showed that 19 gene probes were significantly up- (>2-fold, p < 0.05) or down-regulated (≤2-fold, p < 0.05) in the BAFF-inhibited group. BAFF inhibition successfully reduced alloimmune responses through the reduction in alloantibody production and suppression of B cell differentiation and maturation. Our data suggest that BAFF suppression may serve as a useful target in desensitization therapy.

7.
Stem Cell Res ; 49: 102110, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370877

RESUMO

We established a human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) line (CMCi002-A) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 29-year-old male with Gitelman's syndrome (GIT) caused by the mutation of solute carrier family 12 member 3 (SLC12A3) gene using Sendai virus. The GIT-hiPSCs showed a typical human embryonic stem cell like morphology and expressed all pluripotency-associated markers, exhibited normal karyotype and were capable of differentiating into cells representative of three germ layers.

8.
Ann Transplant ; 25: e925648, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Heart transplantation (HT) is the most useful treatment modality for heart failure. Although several studies have reported the impact of acute kidney injury (AKI) on clinical outcomes after transplantation, little is known about the impact of peri-transplant renal replacement therapy (RRT) on clinical outcomes. We compared the clinical outcomes according to RRT use status among patients with AKI during the peri-transplant period. MATERIAL AND METHODS The medical records of 21 patients who underwent HT from January 2006 to May 2019 were reviewed. We assessed the heart failure cause, comorbidities, immunosuppressant type, requirement for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, AKI incidence, and cardiac and renal functions over time. The patients were divided into 3 groups: those without AKI (non-AKI group, n=6), those who underwent perioperative RRT (RRT group, n=10), and those who did not undergo RRT (non-RRT group, n=5). RESULTS The most common cause of HT was dilated cardiomyopathy (52.4%). Fifteen patients (71.4%) experienced AKI during the peri-transplant period. Among them, 9 (90%) in the RRT group underwent continuous RRT and only 1 (10%) underwent intermittent hemodialysis. Until 6 months after HT, the renal function of the RRT group was worse than that of the non-RRT group (estimated glomerular filtration rate 44.2 vs. 69.2 mL/min/1.73 m2, P=0.015), but the differences dissipated by 9 months. Finally, all patients, even in the RRT group, withdrew from dialysis. CONCLUSIONS RRT during the peri-transplant period in HT may be a good bridge therapy for renal function recovery in patients with cardiorenal AKI.

9.
Cancer Res Treat ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070560

RESUMO

Purpose: Decision-making for treatment of newly diagnosed prostate cancer (PCa) is complex due to the multiple initial treatment modalities available. We aimed to externally validate the SCaP (Severance Study Group of Prostate Cancer) Survival Calculator that incorporates a long short-term memory artificial neural network (ANN) model to estimate survival outcomes of PCa according to initial treatment modality. Materials and Methods: The validation cohort consisted of clinicopathological data of 4,415 patients diagnosed with biopsy-proven PCa between April 2005 and November 2018 at three institutions. Area under the curves (AUCs) and time-to-event calibration plots were utilized to determine the predictive accuracies of the SCaP Survival Calculator in terms of progression to castration-resistant PCa (CRPC)-free survival, cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS). Results: Excellent discrimination was observed for CRPC-free survival, CSS, and OS outcomes, with AUCs of 0.962, 0.944, and 0.884 for 5-year outcomes and 0.959, 0.928, and 0.854 for 10-year outcomes, respectively. The AUC values were higher for all survival endpoints compared to those of the development cohort. Calibration plots showed that predicted probabilities of 5-year survival endpoints had concordance comparable to those of the observed frequencies. However, calibration performances declined for 10-year predictions with an overall underestimation. Conclusion: The SCaP Survival Calculator is a reliable and useful tool for determining the optimal initial treatment modality and for guiding survival predictions for patients with newly diagnosed PCa. Further modifications in the ANN model incorporating cases with more extended follow-up periods are warranted to improve the ANN model for long-term predictions.

10.
Kidney Med ; 2(2): 189-195, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734238

RESUMO

Rationale & Objective: We aimed to elucidate whether a balanced salt solution decreases the occurrence of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) after contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) as compared to 0.9% saline solution. Study Design: A randomized clinical trial. Setting & Participants: The study was performed in 14 tertiary hospitals in South Korea. Patients with estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) < 45 or <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 and additional risk factors (age ≥ 60 years or diabetes) who were undergoing scheduled CE-CT were included from December 2016 to December 2018. Intervention: An open-label intervention was performed. The study group received a balanced salt solution and the control group received 0.9% saline solution as prophylactic fluids for CE-CT. Outcomes: The primary outcome was CI-AKI, defined by creatinine level elevation ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or 25% from baseline within 48 to 72 hours after CE-CT. Secondary outcomes included AKI defined based on the KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) guideline, eGFR changes, death, or requiring dialysis within 6 months after CE-CT. Results: 493 patients received the study fluids. The control and study groups included 251 and 242 patients, respectively. The occurrence of CI-AKI in the study (10 [4.2%]) and control (17 [6.8%]) groups was not significantly different (P = 0.27). No significant difference was present for the secondary outcomes; AKI by the KDIGO definition (study: 19 [7.9%], control: 27 [10.8%]; P = 0.33), death/dialysis (study: 11 [4.7%], control: 9 [3.7%]; P = 0.74), and eGFR changes (study: 0.1 ± 0.2 mg/dL, control: 0.3 ± 2.8 mg/dL; P = 0.69). Limitations: This study failed to meet target enrollment. Conclusions: The risk for CI-AKI was similar after administration of a balanced salt solution and after use of 0.9% saline solution during CE-CT in higher-risk patients. Funding: This study was funded by CJ Healthcare (CS2015_0046). Trial Registration: Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov with study number NCT02799368.

11.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(8): 652-659, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734728

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The benefits of early administration of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-only recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) following radical prostatectomy (RP) are controversial. We investigated the impact of early versus delayed ADT on survival outcomes in patients with non-metastatic, localized or locally advanced PCa who received radiation therapy (RT) following RP and later developed distant metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 69 patients with non-metastatic, localized or locally advanced PCa who received RT following RP and later developed distant metastasis between January 2006 and December 2012. Patients were stratified according to the level of PSA at which ADT was administered (<2 ng/mL vs. ≥2 ng/mL). Study endpoints were progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)-free survival and cancer-specific survival (CSS). RESULTS: Patients were stratified according to the criteria of 2 ng/mL of PSA at which ADT was administered, based on the Youden sensitivity analysis. Delayed ADT at PSA ≥2 ng/mL was an independent prognosticator of cancer-specific mortality (p=0.047), and a marginally significant prognosticator of progression to CRPC (p=0.051). During the median follow-up of 81.0 (interquartile range 54.2-115.7) months, patients who received early ADT at PSA <2 ng/mL had significantly higher CSS rates compared to patients who received delayed ADT at PSA ≥2 ng/mL (p=0.002). Progression to CRPC-free survival was comparable between the two groups (p=0.331). CONCLUSION: Early ADT at the PSA level of less than 2 ng/mL confers CSS benefits in patients with localized or locally advanced PCa who were previously treated with RP.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Electrolyte Blood Press ; 18(1): 19-22, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32655653

RESUMO

Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease that presents with exocrine gland dysfunction. Renal involvement is common in SS and often results in tubulointerstitial nephritis, renal tubular acidosis, and Fanconi's syndrome. Electrolyte imbalances are commonly the first symptom of renal involvement of SS. The most common feature of dysnatremia in SS is hypernatremia with diabetes insipidus. However, cases of hyponatremia with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) are rarely reported in patients with SS. Herein, we report a case of recurrent severe SIADH in a patient with SS.

13.
BMC Nephrol ; 21(1): 251, 2020 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The occurrences of hyperuricemia and acute kidney injury after antithymocyte globulin treatment are unusual in kidney transplant recipients. Here, we report a unique case of acute kidney injury with extreme hyperuricemia after antithymocyte globulin treatment in a kidney transplant recipient with underlying aplastic anemia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old woman with aplastic anemia who received a kidney transplant 5 years 6 months before presented to our emergency department with complaints of oliguria, generalized edema, and general weakness 6 days after receiving antithymocyte globulin treatment for acute T-cell-mediated rejection. Urinalysis revealed 100 uric acid crystal particles. The blood chemistry test results showed rapid increases in serum creatinine (from 2.86 mg/dL to 5.58 mg/dL) and uric acid levels (from 10.2 mg/dL to 32.7 mg/dL), which suggested acute uric acid nephropathy. Tumor lysis syndrome was suspected to be the cause of the acute uric acid nephropathy; hence, the patient was reevaluated for aplastic anemia. Human leukocyte antigen-DR15 was positive, and flow cytometry revealed a low percentage of glycophosphatidyl inositol-deficient granulocytes (2.9%), which suggested paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones. These findings indicate that the previously diagnosed aplastic anemia had either originally been hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or later transformed into hypocellular MDS, which is a type of bone marrow failure syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should consider unexpected tumor lysis syndrome to be the cause of complications after antithymocyte globulin treatment in kidney transplant recipients with underlying bone marrow failure syndrome.

14.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623875

RESUMO

Background/Aims: We investigated whether serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) can predict mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Methods: This study enrolled 169 patients who underwent serum NGAL testing at CRRT initiation from June 2017 to January 2019. The predictive power of serum NGAL level for 28-day mortality was compared to the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-II (APACHE-II) score and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score via area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AuROC) value. Results: There were 55 survivors and 114 non-survivors at 28 days post-CRRT initiation. Median serum NGAL level was significantly higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (743.0 ng/mL vs. 504.0 ng/mL, p = 0.003). The AuROC value of serum NGAL level was 0.640, which was lower than APACHEII score and SOFA score values (0.767 and 0.715, respectively). However, in the low APACHE-II score group (< 27.5), AuROC value of serum NGAL was significantly increased (0.698), and it was an independent risk factor for 28 day-mortality (hazard ratio, 2.405; 95% confidence interval, 1.209 to 4.783; p = 0.012). Conclusions: In patients with AKI requiring CRRT, serum NGAL levels may be useful for predicting short-term mortality in those with low APACHE-II scores.

15.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234323, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530943

RESUMO

We investigated the phenotype and molecular signatures of CD8+ T cell subsets in kidney-transplant recipients (KTRs) with biopsy-proven T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR). We included 121 KTRs and divided them into three groups according to the pathologic or clinical diagnosis: Normal biopsy control (NC)(n = 32), TCMR (n = 50), and long-term graft survival (LTGS)(n = 39). We used flowcytometry and microarray to analyze the phenotype and molecular signatures of CD8+ T cell subsets using peripheral blood from those patients and analyzed significant gene expressions according to CD8+ T cell subsets. We investigated whether the analysis of CD8+ T cell subsets is useful for predicting the development of TCMR. CCR7+CD8+ T cells significantly decreased, but CD28nullCD57+CD8+ T cells and CCR7-CD45RA+CD8+ T cells showed an increase in the TCMR group compared to other groups (p<0.05 for each); hence CCR7+CD8+ T cells showed significant negative correlations to both effector CD8+ T cells. We identified genes significantly associated with the change of CCR7+CD8+ T, CCR7-CD45RA+CD8+ T, and CD28nullCD57+CD8+ T cells in an ex vivo study and found that most of them were included in the significant genes on in vitro CCR7+CD8+ T cells. Finally, the decrease of CCR7+CD8+ T cells relative to CD28nullCD57+ T or CCR7-CD45RA+CD8+ T cells can predict TCMR significantly in the whole clinical cohort. In conclusion, phenotype and molecular signature of CD8+ T subsets showed a significant relationship to the development of TCMR; hence monitoring of CD8+ T cell subsets may be a useful for predicting TCMR in KTRs.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Antígenos CD28/genética , Antígenos CD28/imunologia , Antígenos CD57/genética , Antígenos CD57/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/classificação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/genética , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Técnicas In Vitro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Fenótipo , Receptores CCR7/genética , Receptores CCR7/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/classificação
16.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555441

RESUMO

Reducing immunosuppressant-related complications using conventional drugs is an efficient therapeutic strategy. L-carnitine (LC) has been shown to protect against various types of renal injury. In this study, we investigated the renoprotective effects of LC in a rat model of chronic tacrolimus (TAC) nephropathy. SD rats were injected with TAC (1.5 mg · kg-1 · d-1, sc) for 4 weeks. Renoprotective effects of LC were assessed in terms of renal function, histopathology, oxidative stress, expression of inflammatory and fibrotic cytokines, programmed cell death (pyroptosis, apoptosis, and autophagy), mitochondrial function, and PI3K/AKT/PTEN signaling. Chronic TAC nephropathy was characterized by severe renal dysfunction and typical histological features of chronic nephropathy. At a molecular level, TAC markedly increased the expression of inflammatory and fibrotic cytokines in the kidney, induced oxidative stress, and led to mitochondrial dysfunction and programmed cell death through activation of PI3K/AKT and inhibition of PTEN. Coadministration of LC (200 mg · kg-1 · d-1, ip) caused a prominent improvement in renal function and ameliorated histological changes of kidneys in TAC-treated rats. Furthermore, LC exerted anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, prevented mitochondrial dysfunction, and modulated the expression of a series of apoptosis- and autophagy-controlling genes to promote cell survival. Human kidney proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells) were treated with TAC (50 µg/mL) in vitro, which induced production of intracellular reactive oxygen species and expression of an array of genes controlling programmed cell death (pyroptosis, apoptosis, and autophagy) through interfering with PI3K/AKT/PTEN signaling. The harmful responses of HK-2 cells to TAC were significantly attenuated by cotreatment with LC and the PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (25 µM). In conclusion, LC treatment protects against chronic TAC nephropathy through interfering the PI3K/AKT/PTEN signaling.

17.
Stem Cell Res ; 46: 101876, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563974

RESUMO

The human-induced pluripotent stem cell (KIN-hiPSCs) line (CMCi001-A), derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a 42-year-old woman with karyomegalic interstitial nephritis (KIN) caused by the mutation of FANCD2/FANCI-Associated Nuclease 1 (FAN1) gene, was generated using Sendai virus. KIN-hiPSCs showed a typical human embryonic stem cell like morphology and expressed all pluripotency-associated markers, and directly differentiated into all three germ layers. Karyotyping of PBMCs of the patient and KIN-hiPSCs showed 47, XXX. In summary, we generated a novel patient-specific hiPSC line containing the mutation of FAN1 gene and it can be used to provide additional insights for KIN pathophysiology.

18.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(19): e122, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419395

RESUMO

Chaga mushrooms are widely used in folk remedies and in alternative medicine. Contrary to many beneficial effects, its adverse effect is rarely reported. We here report a case of end-stage renal disease after long-term taking Chaga mushroom. A 49-year-old Korean man with end stage renal disease (ESRD) was transferred to our hospital. Review of kidney biopsy finding was consistent with chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis with oxalate crystal deposits and drug history revealed long-term exposure to Chaga mushroom powder due to intractable atopic dermatitis. We suspected the association between Chaga mushroom and oxalate nephropathy, and measured the oxalate content of remained Chaga mushroom. The Chaga mushroom had extremely high oxalate content (14.2/100 g). Estimated daily oxalate intake of our case was 2 times for four years and 5 times for one year higher than that of usual diet. Chaga mushroom is a potential risk factor of chronic kidney disease considering high oxalate content. Nephrologist should consider oxalate nephropathy in ESRD patients exposed to Chaga mushrooms.

19.
Kidney Res Clin Pract ; 39(2): 192-201, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32457275

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of anemia on clinical outcomes according to age in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods: A total of 3,409 patients from the Clinical Research Center for ESRD were included and divided into three groups by age: age < 40 (n = 488), 40 ≤ age < 60 (n = 1,650), and age ≥ 60 (n = 1,271). We compared overall and cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause and cardiovascular hospitalization according to mean hemoglobin (Hb) concentration. Results: Among participants ≥ 60 years of age, the Hb < 10 g/dL group had greater all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.098; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.567-2.808; P < 0.001) than the 10 ≤ Hb < 12 g/dL group, whereas among participants < 40 years of age, the Hb ≥ 12 g/dL group had greater mortality than the 10 ≤ Hb < 12 g/dL group. Moreover, in participants ≥ 60 years of age, the HR for all-cause hospitalization for the Hb < 10 g/dL group was significantly greater than that of the 10 ≤ Hb < 12 g/dL group (HR, 1.472; 95% CI, 1.057-2.051; P = 0.022), whereas it was significantly lower in the Hb ≥ 12 g/dL group (HR, 0.544; 95% CI, 0.362-0.820; P = 0.004) However, among participants < 40 years of age, the incidence of all-cause hospitalization did not differ according to the Hb concentration (HR, 1.273; 95% CI, 0.814-1.991; P = 0.290 for the Hb < 10 g/dL group; reference, 10 ≤ Hb < 12 g/dL; HR, 0.787; 95% CI, 0.439-1.410; P = 0.265 for Hb ≥ 12 g/dL group). Conclusion: The impact of anemia on mortality was more significant in elderly ESRD patients. Strict monitoring and management of anemia should be required for elderly ESRD patients.

20.
J Ginseng Res ; 44(3): 399-404, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372861

RESUMO

Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng) is associated with a variety of therapeutic effects, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, vasorelaxative, antiallergic, antidiabetic, and anticancer effects. Accordingly, the use of ginseng has reached an all-time high among members of the general public. However, the safety and efficacy of ginseng in transplant recipients receiving immunosuppressant drugs have still not been elucidated. Transplantation is the most challenging and complex of surgical procedures and may require causation for the use of ginseng. In this regard, we have previously examined the safety, immunological benefits, and protective mechanisms of ginseng with respect to calcineurin inhibitor-based immunosuppression, which is the most widely used regimen in organ transplantation. Using an experimental model of calcineurin inhibitor-induced organ injury, we found that ginseng does not affect drug levels in the peripheral blood and tissue, favorably regulates immune response, and protects against calcineurin inhibitor-induced nephrotoxicity and pancreatic islet injury. On the basis of our experimental studies and a review of the related literature, we propose that ginseng may provide benefits in organ transplant recipients administered calcineurin inhibitors. Through the present review, we aimed to briefly discuss our current understanding of the therapeutic benefits of ginseng related to transplant patient survival.

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