Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 30
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371956

RESUMO

We examined the immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of asiatic acid (AA) in atopic dermatitis (AD). AA treatment (5-20 µg/mL) dose-dependently suppressed the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α level and interleukin (IL)-6 protein expression in interferon (IFN)-γ + TNF-α-treated HaCaT cells. The 2,4-dinitrocholrlbenzene (DNCB)-induced AD animal model was developed by administering two AA concentrations (30 and 75 mg/kg/d: AD + AA-L and AD + AA-H groups, respectively) for 18 days. Interestingly, AA treatment decreased AD skin lesions formation and affected other AD characteristics, such as increased ear thickness, lymph node and spleen size, dermal and epidermal thickness, collagen deposition, and mast cell infiltration in dorsal skin. In addition, in the DNCB-induced AD animal model, AA treatment downregulated the mRNA expression level of AD-related cytokines, such as Th1- (TNF-α and IL-1ß and -12) and Th2 (IL-4, -5, -6, -13, and -31)-related cytokines as well as that of cyclooxygenase-2 and CXCL9. Moreover, in the AA treatment group, the protein level of inflammatory cytokines, including COX-2, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-8, as well as the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways, were decreased. Overall, our study confirmed that AA administration inhibited AD skin lesion formation via enhancing immunomodulation and inhibiting inflammation. Thus, AA can be used as palliative medication for regulating AD symptoms.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Colágeno/análise , Citocinas/genética , Dermatite Atópica/imunologia , Dermatite Atópica/patologia , Derme/patologia , Dinitroclorobenzeno , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epiderme/patologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Imunomodulação , Tecido Linfoide/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Mastócitos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Nutrients ; 12(7)2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32630655

RESUMO

Yeonsan Ogye is a traditional Korean chicken breed (Gallus domesticus, GD), with a dominant gene for fibromelanosis, showing entirely black fluffy head feathers, ear lobes, and pupils. GD collagen extract (78.6 g per 100 g total protein) was derived from the flesh of Yeonsan Ogye. The effects of GD collagen on bone mass, microarchitecture, osteogenic, osteoclastogenic differentiations, and function factor expression were investigated in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. GD collagen stimulated osteogenesis in OVX rats and increased tibial bone strength and calcium content. Micro-computed tomography analysis of tibia cross-sections revealed that GD collagen attenuated the OVX-induced changes in trabecular thickness, spacing, and number. GD collagen stimulated alkaline phosphatase activity, bone-specific matrix proteins (alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin, collagen type I (COL-I)) and mineralization by activating bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)/mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 5 (SMAD5)/runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2). GD collagen inhibited osteoclast differentiation and function gene markers (TRAP, cathepsin K) by interfering with the Wnt signaling, increasing OPG production, and reducing the expression of RANKL, TRAP, and cathepsin K. GD collagen promoted osteogenesis by activating the p38 signal pathway and prevented osteoclastogenesis by lowering the RANKL/OPG ratio and blocking the JNK signaling pathway. Dietary supplementation with GD collagen might inhibit osteoclastogenesis, stimulate osteoblastogenesis, and regulate bone metabolism.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Galinhas/metabolismo , Colágeno/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoprotegerina/análise , Ligante RANK/análise , Animais , Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia , Osso e Ossos/fisiologia , Calcificação Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Calcificação Fisiológica/genética , Cálcio/análise , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Galinhas/genética , Colágeno/isolamento & purificação , Estrogênios/deficiência , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/fisiologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/genética , Ovariectomia , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(3)2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183472

RESUMO

Biocompatibility is very important for cell growth using 3D printers, but biocompatibility materials are very expensive. In this study, we investigated the possibility of cell culture by the surface modification of relatively low-cost industrial materials and an efficient three-dimensional (3D) scaffold made with an industrial ABS filament for cell proliferation, spheroid formation, and drug screening applications. We evaluated the adequate structure among two-layer square shape 3D scaffolds printed by fused deposition modeling with variable infill densities (10-50%). Based on the effects of these scaffolds on cell proliferation and spheroid formation, we conducted experiments using the industrial ABS 3D scaffold (IA3D) with 40% of infill density, which presented an external dimension of (XYZ) 7650 µm × 7647 µm × 210 µm, 29.8% porosity, and 225 homogenous micropores (251.6 µm × 245.9 µm × 210 µm). In the IA3D, spheroids of cancer HepG2 cells and keratinocytes HaCaT cells appeared after 2 and 3 days of culture, respectively, whereas no spheroids were formed in 2D culture. A gold nanoparticle-coated industrial ABS 3D scaffold (GIA3D) exhibited enhanced biocompatible properties including increased spheroid formation by HepG2 cells compared to IA3D (1.3-fold) and 2D (38-fold) cultures. Furthermore, the cancer cells exhibited increased resistance to drug treatments in GIA3D, with cell viabilities of 122.9% in industrial GIA3D, 40.2% in IA3D, and 55.2% in 2D cultures when treated with 100 µM of mitoxantrone. Our results show that the newly engineered IA3D is an innovative 3D scaffold with upgraded properties for cell proliferation, spheroid formation, and drug-screening applications.

4.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(2)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013042

RESUMO

Calcium-type montmorillonite, a phyllosilicate mineral, has diverse health benefits when introduced into the gastrointestinal tract or applied to the skin. However, the predominant use of this layered material has thus far been in traditional industries, despite its potential application in the pharmaceutical industry. We investigated the effects and mechanism of nano-montmorillonite (NM) on osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation in vivo and in vitro. We examined the osteogenic effects of NM with high calcium content (3.66 wt%) on alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization, bone microarchitecture, and expression level of osteoblast and osteoclast related genes in Ca-deficient ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Micro-computed tomography of OVX rats revealed that NM attenuated the low-Ca-associated changes in trabecular and cortical bone mineral density. It improved ALP activity and mineralization, as well as the expression of osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation associated genes. NM also activated the expression of runt-related transcription factor 2, osteocalcin, bone morphogenetic protein 2, and type 1 collagen via phosphorylated small mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1/5/8 signaling. Further, NM repressed the expression of receptor activator for cathepsin K, nuclear factor kappa-B ligand and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. Therefore, NM inhibits osteoclastogenesis, stimulates osteoblastogenesis, and alleviates osteoporosis.

5.
Nutrients ; 12(2)2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033291

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease caused mainly by immune dysregulation. This study explored the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of the Centella asiatica ethanol extract (CA) on an AD-like dermal disorder. Treatment with CA inhibited the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in a dose-dependent manner in inflammatory stimulated HaCaT cells by interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and TNF-α-triggered inflammation. Eight-week-old BALB/c mice treated with 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) were used as a mouse model of AD. In AD induce model, we had two types treatment of CA; skin local administration (80 µg/cm2, AD+CA-80) and oral administration (200 mg/kg/d, AD+CA-200). Interestingly, the CA-treated groups exhibited considerably decreased mast cell infiltration in the ear tissue. In addition, the expression of IL-6 in mast cells, as well as the expression of various pathogenic cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, iNOS, COX-2, and CXCL9, was reduced in both AD+CA-80 and AD+CA-200 groups. Collectively, our data demonstrate the pharmacological role and signaling mechanism of CA in the regulation of allergic inflammation of the skin, which supports our hypothesis that CA could potentially be developed as a therapeutic agent for AD.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Administração Tópica , Animais , Citocinas/sangue , Dermatite Atópica/induzido quimicamente , Dinitroclorobenzeno , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação , Mastócitos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Nutrients ; 11(3)2019 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818817

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of vitamin C on osteogenic differentiation and osteoclast formation, and the effects of vitamin C concentration on bone microstructure in ovariectomized (OVX) Wistar rats. Micro-computed tomography analysis revealed the recovery of bone mineral density and bone separation in OVX rats treated with vitamin C. Histomorphometrical analysis revealed improvements in the number of osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes; the osteoblast and osteoclast surface per bone surface; and bone volume in vitamin C-treated OVX rats. The vitamin C-treated group additionally displayed an increase in the expression of osteoblast differentiation genes, including bone morphogenetic protein-2, small mothers against decapentaplegic 1/5/8, runt-related transcription factor 2, osteocalcin, and type I collagen. Vitamin C reduced the expression of osteoclast differentiation genes, such as receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, and cathepsin K. This study is the first to show that vitamin C can inhibit osteoporosis by promoting osteoblast formation and blocking osteoclastogenesis through the activation of wingless-type MMTV integration site family/ß-catenin/activating transcription factor 4 signaling, which is achieved through the serine/threonine kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. Therefore, our results suggest that vitamin C improves bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Fator 4 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Fator 4 Ativador da Transcrição/genética , Ração Animal , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Dieta , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética
7.
Iran J Public Health ; 47(11): 1653-1659, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30581780

RESUMO

Background: Korean traditional nuruk, consisting of a variety of microorganisms, is widely used in traditional liquor materials. The present study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of strains isolated from Korean traditional nuruk in 2016. Methods: The strain was isolated from Korea traditional nuruk and performed antimicrobial activities using the paper disc test and phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA sequencing. The bacteriocin was identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Results: The isolate, S-2, demonstrated highest antibacterial activity against various gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens, including Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica, Bacillus subtilis, B. cereus, Escherichia coli and Shigella flexneri. The isolated was identified as P. acidilactici, by 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Antibacterial activity of P. acidilactici was retained over a wide temperature range. And the P. acidilactici strains remained active over a wide pH range. However, reduced activities were obtained at alkaline pH. When the bacteriocins from this strain were treated with proteolytic enzymes, loss of antibacterial activity was observed. No effect in the activity, however, was observed upon treatment with α-amylase, ß-amylase, lipases, proteases, and proteinase K. The molecular weight of bacteriocins was estimated to be approximately 51 kDa. Using MALDITOF/MS, the bacteriocins were identified as a putative penicillin binding protein. Conclusion: This study is the first report of isolation of bacteriocin with the above mode of actions from Korean traditional nuruk. The bacteriocins produced by the strain have potential applications in food preservation.

8.
Nutr Res Pract ; 11(3): 190-197, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28584575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Gallus gallus domesticus (GD) is a natural mutant breed of chicken in Korea with an atypical characterization of melanin in its tissue. This study investigated the effects of melanin extracts of GD on osteoblast differentiation and inhibition of osteoclast formation. MATERIALS/METHODS: The effects of the melanin extract of GD on human osteoblast MG-63 cell differentiation were examined by evaluating cell viability, osteoblast differentiation, and expression of osteoblast-specific transcription factors such as bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), small mothers against decapentaplegic homologs 5 (SMAD5), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteocalcin and type 1 collagen (COL-1) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting analysis. We investigated the inhibitory effect of melanin on the osteoclasts formation through tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and TRAP stains in Raw 264.7 cell. RESULTS: The melanin extract of GD was not cytotoxic to MG-63 cells at concentrations of 50-250 µg/mL. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and bone mineralization of melanin extract-treated cells increased in a dose-dependent manner from 50 to 250 µg/mL and were 149% and 129% at 250 µg/mL concentration, respectively (P < 0.05). The levels of BMP-2, osteocalcin, and COL-1 gene expression were significantly upregulated by 1.72-, 4.44-, and 2.12-fold in melanin-treated cells than in the control cells (P < 0.05). The levels of RUNX2 and SMAD5 proteins were higher in melanin-treated cells than in control vehicle-treated cells. The melanin extract attenuated the formation of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand-induced TRAP-positive multinucleated RAW 264.7 cells by 22%, and was 77% cytotoxic to RAW 264.7 macrophages at a concentration of 500 µg/mL. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that the melanin extract promoted osteoblast differentiation by activating BMP/SMADs/RUNX2 signaling and regulating transcription of osteogenic genes such as ALP, type I collagen, and osteocalcin. These results suggest that the effective osteoblastic differentiation induced by melanin extract from GD makes it potentially useful in maintaining bone health.

9.
Nutrients ; 9(5)2017 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28513557

RESUMO

The present study evaluated the effects of a calcium (Ca) supplement derived from Gallus gallus domesticus (GD) on breaking force, microarchitecture, osteogenic differentiation and osteoclast differentiation factor expression in vivo in Ca-deficient ovariectomized (OVX) rats. One percent of Ca supplement significantly improved Ca content and bone strength of the tibia. In micro-computed tomography analysis, 1% Ca supplement attenuated OVX- and low Ca-associated changes in bone mineral density, trabecular thickness, spacing and number. Moreover, 1% Ca-supplemented diet increased the expression of osteoblast differentiation marker genes, such as bone morphogenetic protein-2, Wnt3a, small mothers against decapentaplegic 1/5/8, runt-related transcription factor 2, osteocalcin and collagenase-1, while it decreased the expression of osteoclast differentiation genes, such as thrombospondin-related anonymous protein, cathepsin K and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B. Furthermore, 1% Ca-supplemented diet increased the levels of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. The increased expression of osteoblast differentiation marker genes and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling were associated with significant increases in trabecular bone volume, which plays an important role in the overall skeletal strength. Our results demonstrated that 1% Ca supplement inhibited osteoclastogenesis, stimulated osteoblastogenesis and restored bone loss in OVX rats.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/química , Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Galinhas , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Animais , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/genética , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/metabolismo , Proteína Smad5/genética , Proteína Smad5/metabolismo , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/genética , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/metabolismo
10.
Nutrients ; 9(1)2017 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28067819

RESUMO

In this study, we determined the effects of hederagenin isolated from Akebia quinata fruit on alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Specifically, we investigated the hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic effects of hederagenin, as well as the role of AKT and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways in ethanol-induced liver injury. Experimental animals were randomly divided into three groups: normal (sham), 25% ethanol, and 25% ethanol + hederagenin (50 mg/kg/day). Each group was orally administered the respective treatments once per day for 21 days. Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase-2 mRNA expression was higher and alcohol dehydrogenase mRNA expression was lower in the ethanol + hederagenin group than those in the ethanol group. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-6, and cyclooxygenase-2, significantly increased in the ethanol group, but these increases were attenuated by hederagenin. Moreover, Western blot analysis showed increased expression of the apoptosis-associated protein, Bcl-2, and decreased expression of Bax and p53 after treatment with hederagenin. Hederagenin treatment attenuated ethanol-induced increases in activated p38 MAPK and increased the levels of phosphorylated AKT and ERK. Hederagenin alleviated ethanol-induced liver damage through anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activities. These results suggest that hederagenin is a potential candidate for preventing alcoholic liver injury.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Etanol/toxicidade , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Álcool Desidrogenase/genética , Álcool Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Fosforilação , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
11.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 25(6): 795-802, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25639718

RESUMO

This study investigates the bioactivity of tannin from amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus L.) extracts. The antioxidant activities of the extracts from amaranth leaves, flowers, and seeds were evaluated. Tannin from leaves of amaranth has been evaluated for superoxide scavenging activity by using DPPH and ABTS(+) analysis, reducing power, protective effect against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in L-132 and BNL-CL2 cells, and inhibition of superoxide radical effects on HL-60 cells. At a concentration of 100 µg/ml, tannin showed protective effects and restored cell survival to 69.2% and 41.8% for L-132 and BNL-CL2 cells, respectively. Furthermore, at the same concentration, tannin inhibited 41% of the activity of the superoxide radical on HL-60 cells and 43.4% of the increase in nitric oxide levels in RAW 264.7 cells. The expression levels of the antioxidant-associated protein SOD-1 were significantly increased in a concentration-dependent manner in RAW 264.7 cells treated with tannin from amaranth leaves. These results suggest that tannin from the leaves of Amaranthus caudatus L. is a promising source of antioxidant component that can be used as a food preservative or nutraceutical.


Assuntos
Amaranthus/química , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Taninos/isolamento & purificação , Taninos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flores/química , Humanos , Oxidantes/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/química , Sementes/química
12.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 9(6): 1071-5, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23858972

RESUMO

In this study, the anti-tumor activity of mitoxantrone loaded on magnetic nanoparticles (MTMP) was examined using DU145 prostate cancer cells. Composite nanoparticles with an average size of 20 nm were prepared using a chemical co-precipitation technique. The MTMP nanoparticles were cytotoxic to DU145 cells and inhibited cell proliferation. The expression levels of apoptosis related proteins in DU145 cells, including PARP and caspase 3, were increased after MTMP treatment. In this study, the therapeutic potential of MTMP in targeted-therapy against prostate cancer was demonstrated and MTMP was more effective when coupled to drug delivery vehicle than pure mitoxantrone.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas de Magnetita/administração & dosagem , Mitoxantrona/administração & dosagem , Nanocápsulas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Masculino , Mitoxantrona/química , Nanocápsulas/química , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 118(2): 280-3, 2008 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18524513

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: To elucidate the pharmacological activities of deer antler acupuncture and TGF61538;1 on the acute and chronic phases of rheumatoid arthritis diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polyarthritis rats were administered with TGF61538;1 and water extract of deer antler acupunture (DAA), prepared from the pilose antler of Cervus korean TEMMINCK var. mantchuricus Swinhoe. TGF61538; (0.1 to 2 61549;g/animal) and DAA (5-100 61549;g/kg animal) were initiated 1 day before an arthritogenic dose of streptococcal cell wall fragments to see the effects on the joint swelling and distortion during the acute phase and the chronic phase of the disease. Arthritic index suppression of rat arthritis model was examined by TGF61538; and DAA administrations. RESULTS: TGF61538;1 and DAA diminished the polyarthritis development in rats. TGF61538; and DAA eliminated the joint swelling and distortion observed during the acute phase and the chronic phase of the disease. The TGF61538; and DAA suppressed the arthritis progress when administration was begun after acute phase of arthritis. DISCUSSION: Consistent with the inhibition of inflammatory cell recruitment into the synovium, TGF61538;1 and DAA reversed the leukocytosis associated with the chronic phase of the arthritis, respectively.


Assuntos
Chifres de Veado/química , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos de Tecidos/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Doença Aguda , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Parede Celular/química , Parede Celular/imunologia , Doença Crônica , Cervos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Streptococcus/química , Streptococcus/imunologia , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Extratos de Tecidos/administração & dosagem , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/administração & dosagem
14.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 22(1): 80-6, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17920231

RESUMO

The effect of deer antler extracts (DAA) of Cervus korean TEMMINCK var. mantchuricus Swinhoe on protease activities, oxidant and free radical damages in synovial fluid from rheumatoid arthritis in rats was studied. Rats were i.p. administered with DAA. We have compared (using the same series of experimental samples) the levels of activity of a comprehensive range of cytoplasmic, lysosomal and matrix protease types, together with the levels of free radical induced protein damage (determined as protein carbonyl derivative) and total antioxidant in synovial fluid from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and DAA-treated rats. Many proteases activities were shown to be significantly increased in RA compared to normal rats. Protease activities (including those enzyme types putatively involved in the immune response, such as dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV) in plasma were not significantly different between RA and normal rats. DAA treatment at dose of 100 microg/kg suppressed the production of the proteases of cytoplasmic, lysosomal and matrix protease types. The level of free radical induced damage to synovial fluid proteins was approximately 2-fold lower in DAA rats compared to RA rats, although there was no significant difference in total antioxidant status in synovial fluid or plasma between RA and DAA rats. It was concluded that DAA treatment reduces the activation of proteolytic enzymes and free radicals, which are likely to be of equal potential importance as protein damaging agents in the pathogenesis of RA.


Assuntos
Chifres de Veado/química , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos de Tecidos/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cervos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Carbonilação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Líquido Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Líquido Sinovial/metabolismo , Extratos de Tecidos/administração & dosagem
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 109(2): 271-80, 2007 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16973319

RESUMO

The effects on memory and learning ability of the Korean herbal medicine, Saenhyetang (SHT), which is consisted of nine herbs, were investigated. Hot water extracts (HWE-SHT) and ethanol extracts (EE-SHT) were used for the studies. It was shown that N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor 2B (NR2B) was increased in the forebrains of SHT-administrated mice (HWE-SHT), leading to enhanced activation of NMDA receptors, facilitating synaptic potentiation in response to stimulation at 10-100Hz. These HWE-SHT-treated mice exhibit superior ability in learning and memory in various behavioral tasks, showing that NR2B is enhanced by HWE-SHT treatment and also is critical in gating the age-dependent threshold for plasticity and memory formation. NMDA receptor-dependent modifications, which were mediated in part by HWE-SHT administration, of synaptic efficacy, therefore, represent a mechanism for associative learning and memory. Results suggest that oriental medical enhancement of NR2B attributes such as intelligence and memory in mammals is feasible. On the other hand, to examine the effects of EE-SHT on the learning and memory in experimental mice, the passive and active avoidance responses were studied. The EE-SHT ameliorated the memory retrieval deficit induced by ethanol, but not other memory impairment in mice. EE-SHT (10, 20mg/100g, p.o.) did not affect the passive avoidance responses of normal mice in the step through and step down tests, the conditioned and unconditioned avoidance responses of normal mice in the shuttle box and lever press performance tests, and the ambulatory activity of normal mice in normal condition. However, EE-SHT was shown to significantly decrease the spontaneous motor activity during the shuttle box test, and also to prolong the sleeping time induced by pentobarbital in mice at 20mg/kg. These results suggest that EE-SHT has an ameliorating effect on memory retrieval impairment and a weak tranquilizing action.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicina Tradicional do Leste Asiático , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Aprendizagem da Esquiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/química , Medo , Feminino , Coreia (Geográfico) , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Plasticidade Neuronal/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo
16.
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol ; 28(2): 241-58, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16873093

RESUMO

Among the different scorpion species, Buthus martensi Karsch, a widely distributed scorpion species in Asia especially in Korea, has received a lot of attention. Indeed, over the past decade, more than 70 different peptides, toxins, or homologues have been isolated. It may prove a valuable resource for identifying potential anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. The recent observation has suggested that the aromatase is a possible local modulator of bone remodeling in osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. In the present study, therefore, the effect of Buthus martensi Karsch (BMK) extract, traditional immunosuppressive Korean aqua-acupuncture water, on the bone function of human osteoblastic cells was studied. To provide insights into the effect of BMK on aromatase activity in bone-derived cells, we examined the human leukaemic cell line FLG 29.1, which is induced to differentiate toward the osteoclastic phenotype by 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, and the primary first-passage osteoblastic cells (hOB). Gene expression of the aromatase was not affected by Buthus martensi Karsch in FLG 29.1 and hOB cells. However, enzyme activity was stimulated in a time-dependent fashion by 10.0 microg/ml BMK and by either 1-50 nM TPA or 0.01-0.5 ng/ml TGF-beta1, with maximal responses after 2-3 hr exposure. On the other hand, BMK strongly inhibited interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)- and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha-induced Nitricoxide (NO) synthase expression with little effect on constitutive NO synthase expression. BMK extracts (10 microg/ml) inhibited cytokine-induced iNOS and nNOS expression. BMK (10 microg/ml) did not affect the ecNOS expression, indicating the extracts are not working on the constitutive NOS expression. BMK strongly inhibited the cytokine-induced NO production (p < 0.01). BMK also showed significant inhibition on NO production in both induced by TNF-alpha+IL-1beta. NO donors, sodium nitroprusside, and NONOate dose-dependently elevated alkaline phosphatase activity. These results suggest that NO directly facilitates osteoblastic differentiation. This result also suggests that BMK is effective for bone resorptive action in bone cells.


Assuntos
Aromatase/biossíntese , Misturas Complexas/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Escorpiões , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Misturas Complexas/química , Misturas Complexas/uso terapêutico , Citocinas/farmacologia , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Escorpiões/química
17.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim ; 42(3-4): 100-7, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16759146

RESUMO

Unossified horn or pilose antler cut from deer, which belong to the Cervidae generally is termed Nokyong. Nokyong is one of the most famous Korean traditional medicines and has been considered to possess sexual-reinforcing and antiaging actions. In this study, water extract of deer antler extract (DAA) prepared from the growing antler of Cervus korean TEMMINCK var. mantchuricus Swinhoe was used to investigate the efficacy of the DAA on the development of type II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats. Male rats were immunized with an emulsion of 200 microg of CII and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). The rats then were administered by injection a suspension of DAA or phosphate-buffered saline. The effect of DAA on cellular responses to CII was examined. The injection of DAA suppressed the CII-specific secretion of interferon (IFN)-gamma from splenocytes ex vivo. The influence of DAA also was evaluated on the incidence and development of arthritis in rat CIA. Rats were immunized twice at a 3-wk interval with bovine CII, with DAA being given by injection once a d for 14 d with four different regimens. A 14-d course of DAA treatment at a daily dose of 100 microg/kg, which began on the d of the first CII immunization, suppressed the development of arthritis, as well as antibody formation and delayed-type hypersensitivity to CII. Treatment with DAA resulted in inhibition of development of arthritis and immune responses to CII.


Assuntos
Chifres de Veado/química , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Colágeno Tipo II/toxicidade , Cervos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Extratos de Tecidos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Bovinos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Coreia (Geográfico) , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional do Leste Asiático , Ratos , Extratos de Tecidos/administração & dosagem
18.
Phytother Res ; 19(10): 846-53, 2005 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16261513

RESUMO

Hwaotang (HOT), a traditional Korean medicinal formulation, is a dried decoctum of a mixture of seven herbal medicines, consisting of Angelica gigantis Radix, Rehmanniae Radix, Paeoniae Radix, Ciniamomi Cortex, Cnidii Rhizoma, Persicae Semen and Carthami Flos. In the present study, the inhibitory effects and anti thrombic properties of HOT on the progression of atherosclerotic lesions were studied using the spontaneous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) model, Kurosawa and Kusanagi-hypercholesterolemic (KHC) rabbits and rats. Changes in blood chemistry, pathology and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation were measured in a control and HOT group. In the control group, the area of atheromatous plaques of the aorta progressed between week 12 (36.65%) and week 14 (46.22%). This progression of atherosclerotic lesions did not occur in the HOT-treated group after 12 (24.24%) and 14 (23.34%) weeks. Antioxidative effects on LDL were seen in the HOT in weeks 12 and 14. HOT improved the hypercholesterolemia in the KHC rabbits. On the other hand, HOT and five of the seven herbs, except Cnidii Rhizoma and Carthami Flos, inhibited the endotoxin-induced hepatic venous thrombosis in high cholesterol diet-treated rats. However, Ciniamomi Cortex showed a very weak inhibitory effect on the endotoxin-induced hepatic venous thrombosis. The extract also inhibited the endotoxin-induced decrease in blood platelets and fibrinogen, and endotoxin-induced increase in fibrin degradation products (FDP) on disseminated intravascular coagulation in normal rats. In conclusion, these results suggest that HOT has inhibitory effects on the development of atheromatous plaque formation in spontaneous FH rabbits. It is also suggested that the antioxidative effects of HOT on LDL led to the beneficial effects observed in this study. The protection by HOT and its herbs on the artificially induced ischemic infarction might be related to their inhibitory effects on disseminated intravascular coagulation, platelet coagulation and thrombotic action.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/farmacologia , LDL-Colesterol/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/prevenção & controle , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais , Trombose Venosa/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Animais , Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Aterosclerose/induzido quimicamente , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/induzido quimicamente , Coreia (Geográfico) , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Coelhos , Ratos , Trombose Venosa/induzido quimicamente
19.
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol ; 27(3): 499-514, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16237959

RESUMO

Chukmesundan (CMSD) is composed of 8 medicinal herbs including Panex ginseng C.A. MEYER, Atractylodes macrocephala KOID, Poria cocos WOLF, Pinellia ternata BREIT, Brassica alba BOISS, Aconitum carmichaeli DEBX, Cynanchum atratum BGE, and Cuscuta chinensis LAM and used for the treatment of various symptoms accompanying hypertension and cerebrovascular disorders. This study was carried out to examine the effects of CMSD on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-evoked, and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)-evoked nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in mouse brain. In adult forebrain, CMSD influences neuronal maintenance and is neuroprotective in several injury models through mechanisms that are incompletely understood. Interaction is observed between CMSD and nitric oxide (NO). Because NO affects both neural plasticity and degeneration, we hypothesized that CMSD might rapidly modulate NO production. Using in vivo microdialysis we measured conversion of L-[14C] arginine to L-[14C] citrulline as an accurate reflection of NOS activity in adult mouse hippocampus. CMSD significantly reduced NOS activities to 62% of basal levels within 2 days of onset of delivery and maintained NOS activity at less than 45% of baseline throughout 3 days of delivery. These effects did not occur with control (distilled water) and were not mediated by effect of CMSD on glutamate levels. In addition, simultaneous delivery of CMSD treatment prevented significant increases in NOS activity triggered by the glutamate receptor agonists NMDA and AMPA. Rapid suppression by CMSD of basal and glutamate-stimulated NOS activity may regulate neuromodulatory functions of NO or protect neurons from NO toxicity and suggests a novel mechanism for rapidly mediating functions of CMSD. It is shown that NMDA receptor stimulation leads to activation of p21ras (Ras) through generation of NO via neuronal NOS. The competitive NOS inhibitor, L-nitroarginine methyl ester, and CMSD prevents Ras activation elicited by NMDA, thus supporting the physiologic relevance of endogenous NO regulation of Ras. These results suggest that Ras is a physiologic target of endogenously produced NO and indicates a signaling pathway for NMDA receptor activation that may be important for long-lasting neuronal responses.


Assuntos
Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Agonistas de Aminoácidos Excitatórios/farmacologia , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Hipocampo/enzimologia , Camundongos , N-Metilaspartato/farmacologia , Receptores de Glutamato/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores de Glutamato/metabolismo , Ácido alfa-Amino-3-hidroxi-5-metil-4-isoxazol Propiônico/farmacologia
20.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 102(3): 430-9, 2005 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16125889

RESUMO

The anti-thrombic properties of the Korean herbal medicine, Dae-Jo-Hwan (DJW) were investigated. Water extracts, a 70% methanol (MeOH) extract and an ethyl acetate (EtOAc) soluble fraction (III) from DJW inhibited platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced platelet aggregation in vitro and in vivo assays. The extracts of DJW and eleven herbs from which it is derived, except for Panax ginseng Meyer, Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS and Schisandra chinensis Baill., inhibited AA-induced blood platelet aggregation to various extents. The effects observed with total DJW was synergistic over-additive rather that additive since the sum of single contributions was lower than the effect of the total extract. Fraction III was specially protected against the lethality of PAF, while verapamil did not afford any protection. Exogenously applied arachidonic acid (AA) (100 microM) led to a 89% platelet aggregation, the release of 14 pmol of ATP, and the formation of either 225 pg of thromboxane A2 (TXA2) or 45 pg of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), each parameter being related to 10(6) platelets. An application of DJW 5 min before AA, dose-dependently diminished aggregation, ATP-re lease, and the synthesis of TXA2 and PGE2, with IC(50) values of 70, 87, 65 and 72 microg/ml, respectively. The similarity of the IC(50) values suggests the inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) by DJW as the primary target, thus suppressing the generation of TXA2, which induces platelet aggregation and the exocytosis of ATP by its binding on TXA2-receptors. These results indicate that DJW shows anti-thrombotic action on human platelets and inhibits the action of PAF in vivo by an antagonistic effect on PAF. Therefore, it may be useful in treating disorders caused by PAF.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Fator de Ativação de Plaquetas/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/farmacologia , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Ácido Araquidônico/farmacologia , Dinoprostona/biossíntese , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Exocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Coreia (Geográfico) , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Coelhos , Tromboxano A2/biossíntese
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...