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1.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(1): 93-102, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667644

RESUMO

The Collaborative National Quality and Efficacy Registry (CONQUER) for Scleroderma is a multicenter US-based longitudinal study of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) within 5 years of first non-Raynaud's symptom. The data collection methodology incorporates successful models from other SSc registries. The cohort is designed to provide linked bio-specimen and clinical outcomes data on a longitudinal cohort of SSc patients for validation of hypothesis-driven research and to provide a platform for studying patient-reported outcomes in scleroderma. The CONQUER registry was developed using the guidelines of the International Society for Biological Repositories, and was an iterative process between physicians with an expertise in SSc, patient stakeholders, and information technology experts. Enrollment commenced in June 2018. During the first 6 months of the CONQUER Scleroderma study, 151 SSc patients with less than 5 years of disease duration (from first non-Raynaud's symptom) have been recruited. The mean age is 51 ± 14 years, 83% are female, and 60% of patients have diffuse disease. Survey completion rates are above 88% for all patient-reported outcome surveys. Bio-specimen collection rates are over 97%, and disease severity score completion rates are over 98%. Pulmonary function test data is available on 91% of patients, and echocardiography is available 80%. The CONQUER scleroderma study provides a unique and growing resource for studying scleroderma in a longitudinal, US-based population. KEY POINTS : • The Collaborative National Quality and Efficacy Registry (CONQUER) for Scleroderma is a multicenter US-based longitudinal study of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) within 5 years of first non-Raynaud's symptom. • The CONQUER scleroderma study provides a unique and growing resource for studying scleroderma in a longitudinal, US-based population. • CONQUER is innovative in its design in that it is focused on prospective collection of paired clinical and patient outcome data with bio-specimens.

2.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(1): 125-136, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: T cells play a key role in the pathogenesis of early systemic sclerosis. This study was undertaken to assess the safety and efficacy of abatacept in patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). METHODS: In this 12-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, participants were randomized 1:1 to receive either subcutaneous abatacept 125 mg or matching placebo, stratified by duration of dcSSc. Escape therapy was allowed at 6 months for worsening disease. The coprimary end points were change in the modified Rodnan skin thickness score (MRSS) compared to baseline and safety over 12 months. Differences in longitudinal outcomes were assessed according to treatment using linear mixed models, with outcomes censored after initiation of escape therapy. Skin tissue obtained from participants at baseline was classified into intrinsic gene expression subsets. RESULTS: Among 88 participants, the adjusted mean change in the MRSS at 12 months was -6.24 units for those receiving abatacept and -4.49 units for those receiving placebo, with an adjusted mean treatment difference of -1.75 units (P = 0.28). Outcomes for 2 secondary measures (Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index and a composite measure) were clinically and statistically significantly better with abatacept. The proportion of subjects in whom escape therapy was needed was higher in the placebo group relative to the abatacept group (36% versus 16%). In the inflammatory and normal-like skin gene expression subsets, decline in the MRSS over 12 months was clinically and significantly greater in the abatacept group versus the placebo group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.03, respectively). In the abatacept group, adverse events occurred in 35 participants versus 40 participants in the placebo group, including 2 deaths and 1 death, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this phase II trial, abatacept was well-tolerated, but change in the MRSS was not statistically significant. Secondary outcome measures, including gene expression subsets, showed evidence in support of abatacept. These data should be confirmed in a phase III trial.

3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(1): 552-562, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871193

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disease characterized by mutually exclusive autoantibodies directed against distinct nuclear antigens. We examined HLA associations in SSc and its autoantibody subsets in a large, newly recruited African American (AA) cohort and among European Americans (EA). In the AA population, the African ancestry-predominant HLA-DRB1*08:04 and HLA-DRB1*11:02 alleles were associated with overall SSc risk, and the HLA-DRB1*08:04 allele was strongly associated with the severe antifibrillarin (AFA) antibody subset of SSc (odds ratio = 7.4). These African ancestry-predominant alleles may help explain the increased frequency and severity of SSc among the AA population. In the EA population, the HLA-DPB1*13:01 and HLA-DRB1*07:01 alleles were more strongly associated with antitopoisomerase (ATA) and anticentromere antibody-positive subsets of SSc, respectively, than with overall SSc risk, emphasizing the importance of HLA in defining autoantibody subtypes. The association of the HLA-DPB1*13:01 allele with the ATA+ subset of SSc in both AA and EA patients demonstrated a transancestry effect. A direct correlation between SSc prevalence and HLA-DPB1*13:01 allele frequency in multiple populations was observed (r = 0.98, P = 3 × 10-6). Conditional analysis in the autoantibody subsets of SSc revealed several associated amino acid residues, mostly in the peptide-binding groove of the class II HLA molecules. Using HLA α/ß allelic heterodimers, we bioinformatically predicted immunodominant peptides of topoisomerase 1, fibrillarin, and centromere protein A and discovered that they are homologous to viral protein sequences from the Mimiviridae and Phycodnaviridae families. Taken together, these data suggest a possible link between HLA alleles, autoantibodies, and environmental triggers in the pathogenesis of SSc.

4.
J Scleroderma Relat Disord ; 4(1): 17-27, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30906878

RESUMO

The Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium (SCTC) represents many of the clinical researchers in the world who are interested in improving the efficiency of clinical trials in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). The SCTC has established 11 working groups (WGs) to develop and validate better ways of measuring and recording multiple aspects of this heterogeneous disease. These include groups working on arthritis, disease damage, disease activity, cardiac disease, juvenile SSc, the gastrointestinal tract, vascular component, calcinosis, scleroderma renal crisis, interstitial lung disease, and skin measurement. Members of the SCTC may join any one or more of these groups. Some of the WGs have only recently started their work, some are nearing completion of their mandated tasks and others are in the midst of their projects. All these projects, which are described in this paper, will help to improve clinical trials and observational studies by improving or developing better, more sensitive ways of measuring various aspects of the disease. As Lord Kelvin stated, "To measure is to know. If you cannot measure it you cannot improve it." The SCTC is dedicated to improving the lives of patients with SSc and it is our hope that the contributions of the WGs will be one important step in this process.

5.
J Hand Surg Am ; 44(11): 990.e1-990.e7, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797658

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Conventional angiography is often used in the preoperative work-up of hand surgery patients with systemic sclerosis. The goal of this study was to propose a classification system based on the pattern of arterial involvement in a series of upper extremity angiograms. The authors hypothesized that this classification system would demonstrate high inter- and intrarater reliability. METHODS: A retrospective review of 110 upper extremity angiograms in patients with systemic sclerosis (obtained between 1996 and 2017) was performed. Images were classified into 4 types based on the patency of the radial and ulnar arteries at the wrist, and into 3 subtypes based on the patency of the superficial and deep palmar arches. Classification reliability was compared with Fleiss' Kappa (for inter-rater) and Cohen's (for intrarater) coefficient between 4 fellowship-trained hand surgeons and a hand fellow. RESULTS: The inter-rater reliability between all 5 observers using types alone was 0.83 (0.80-0.85), whereas the inter-rater reliability using subtypes was 0.64 (confidence interval [CI] 95%, 0.62-0.65). The intrarater reliability using types alone ranged from 0.80 to 0.95, whereas intrarater reliabilities using subtypes were 0.81 (CI 95%, 0.72-0.90), 0.78 (CI 95%, 0.69-0.87), 0.87 (CI 95%, 0.80-0.95), 0.64 (CI 95%, 0.53-0.75), and 0.92 (CI 95%, 0.86-0.98) for the 4 attendings and a hand fellow, respectively. Fifty-seven percent of angiograms were interpreted as having loss of ulnar artery patency at the wrist (type 2) with 77% having additional loss of superficial palmar arch patency (type 2A). CONCLUSIONS: This large series of angiograms in patients with systemic sclerosis demonstrates a classification system for conventional angiography that shows high inter-rater and intrarater reliability using type alone. When subtypes were used, the inter-rater and intrarater reliabilities decreased to moderate and moderate-to-high, respectively. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study represents the first step in establishing a classification system that, by grouping patients with similar angiogram findings, may allow for targeted research into risk stratification, monitoring, and treatment in systemic sclerosis.

6.
J Rheumatol ; 46(2): 176-183, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors of mortality and cardiopulmonary hospitalizations in patients at risk for pulmonary hypertension (PH) and enrolled in PHAROS, a prospective cohort study to investigate the natural history of PH in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The at-risk population for PH was defined by the following entry criteria: echocardiogram systolic pulmonary arterial pressure > 40 mmHg, or DLCO < 55% predicted or ratio of % forced vital capacity/%DLCO > 1.6, measured by pulmonary function testing. Baseline clinical measures were evaluated as predictors of hospitalization and death between 2005 and 2014. Cox proportional hazards models were censored at date of PH onset or latest study visit and adjusted for age, sex, race, and disease duration. RESULTS: Of the 236 at-risk subjects who were followed for a median of 4 years (range 0.4-8.5 yrs), 35 developed PH after entering PHAROS (reclassified as PH group). In the at-risk group, higher mortality was strongly associated with male sex, low %DLCO, exercise oxygen desaturation, anemia, abnormal dyspnea scores, and baseline pericardial effusion. Risks for cardiopulmonary hospitalization were associated with increased dyspnea and pericardial effusions, although PH patients with DLCO < 50% had the highest risk of cardiopulmonary hospitalizations. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for poor outcome in patients with SSc who are at risk for PH were similar to others with SSc-PH and SSc-pulmonary arterial hypertension, including male sex, DLCO < 50%, exercise oxygen desaturation, and pericardial effusions. This group should undergo right heart catheterization and receive appropriate intervention if PH is confirmed.

7.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 30(6): 554-561, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30124603

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on the available literature regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of calcinosis cutis in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). RECENT FINDINGS: We identified observational studies that describe the frequency of calcinosis in SSc and associated clinical features; molecular studies exploring potential pathogenic mechanisms; and case reports and case series describing new diagnostic approaches and treatments. SUMMARY: Calcinosis cutis is the deposition of insoluble calcium in the skin and subcutaneous tissues. It represents a major clinical problem in patients with SSc affecting at least one quarter of patients. It is associated with longer disease duration, digital ulcers, acro-osteolysis, positive anticentromere antibody, and positive anti-PM/Scl antibody. Although pathogenesis is unknown, there is evidence supporting local trauma, chronic inflammation, vascular hypoxia, and dysregulation of bone matrix proteins as potential mechanisms. Diagnosis can be made clinically or with plain radiography. Several pharmacologic therapies have been tried for calcinosis with variable and modest results, but surgical excision of calcium deposits remains the mainstay of treatment.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Cálcio/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Pele/patologia , Calcinose/epidemiologia , Calcinose/etiologia , Calcinose/metabolismo , Saúde Global , Humanos , Incidência , Pele/metabolismo
8.
Clin Dermatol ; 36(4): 508-524, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30047434

RESUMO

Autoimmune connective tissue diseases, including dermatomyositis and systemic sclerosis, have a heterogeneous clinical presentation and prognosis; moreover, their clinical features are often incomplete and overlap with other rheumatic disorders, which can make diagnosis and prognostic stratification challenging. Specific autoantibodies have been associated with certain clinical findings as well as prognostic implications, and many new associations have been made over the last decade. Although patient populations manifest considerable heterogeneity, autoantibodies can be used to help predict clinical features, prognosis, and response to therapy. In this review, the clinical and prognostic implications associated with disease-specific autoantibodies in dermatomyositis and scleroderma are summarized with an emphasis on how the clinician can use this information for patient care.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Dermatomiosite/sangue , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Fatores de Transcrição/imunologia , Adenosina Trifosfatases/imunologia , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , DNA Topoisomerases/imunologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/imunologia , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/imunologia , Exorribonucleases/imunologia , Complexo Multienzimático de Ribonucleases do Exossomo/imunologia , Humanos , Complexo Mi-2 de Remodelação de Nucleossomo e Desacetilase/imunologia , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleolares Pequenas/imunologia , Enzimas Ativadoras de Ubiquitina/imunologia
9.
Pulm Circ ; 8(3): 2045894018788268, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29938590

RESUMO

Scleroderma-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH) is associated with worse outcome than idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), potentially due to worse right ventricular adaptation to load as suggested by pressure-volume loop analysis. The value of non-invasive load-adaptability metrics has not been fully explored in SSc-PAH. This study sought to assess whether patients with incident SSc-PAH have worse echocardiographic load-adaptability metrics than patients with IPAH. Twenty-two patients with incident SSc-PAH were matched 1:1 with IPAH based on pulmonary vascular resistance. Echocardiographic load-adaptability indices were divided into: surrogates of ventriculo-arterial coupling (e.g. right ventricular area change/end-systolic area), indices reflecting the proportionality of load adaptation (e.g. tricuspid regurgitation velocity-time integral normalized for average right ventricular radius), and simple ratios (e.g. tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion/right ventricular systolic pressure). The prognostic value of these indices for clinical worsening (i.e. death, transplant, or hospitalization for heart failure) at one year was explored. The two groups were comprised of patients of similar age, with similar cardiac index, pulmonary resistance, capacitance and NT-proBNP levels ( p > 0.10). There was no difference in baseline right ventricular dimension, function or load-adaptability indices. At one year, eight (36.4%) SSc-PAH patients had experienced clinical worsening (eight hospitalizations and two deaths) versus one hospitalization in the IPAH group. Load adaptation at one year in survivors was not worse in SSc-PAH ( p > 0.33). Patients with IPAH responded better to therapy than SSc-PAH in terms of reduction of right ventricular areas at one year ( p < 0.05). Right ventricular load-adaptability echocardiographic indices do not appear to capture the increased risk of negative outcomes at one year associated with SSc-PAH.

10.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(9): 1623-1631, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29868924

RESUMO

Objectives: The Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network (SPIN) Cohort is a web-based cohort designed to collect patient-reported outcomes at regular intervals as a framework for conducting trials of psychosocial, educational, self-management and rehabilitation interventions for patients with SSc. The aim of this study was to present baseline demographic, medical and patient-reported outcome data of the SPIN Cohort and to compare it with other large SSc cohorts. Methods: Descriptive statistics were used to summarize SPIN Cohort characteristics; these were compared with published data of the European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) and Canadian Scleroderma Research Group (CSRG) cohorts. Results: Demographic, organ involvement and antibody profile data for SPIN (N = 1125) were generally comparable with that of the EUSTAR (N = 7319) and CSRG (N = 1390) cohorts. There was a high proportion of women and White patients in all cohorts, though relative proportions differed. Scl70 antibody frequency was highest in EUSTAR, somewhat lower in SPIN, and lowest in CSRG, consistent with the higher proportion of interstitial lung disease among dcSSc patients in SPIN compared with in CSRG (48.5 vs 40.3%). RNA polymerase III antibody frequency was highest in SPIN and remarkably lower in EUSTAR (21.1 vs 2.4%), in line with the higher prevalence of SSc renal crisis (4.5 vs 2.1%) in SPIN. Conclusion: Although there are some differences, the SPIN Cohort is broadly comparable with other large prevalent SSc cohorts, increasing confidence that insights gained from the SPIN Cohort should be generalizable, although it should be noted that all three cohorts include primarily White participants.


Assuntos
Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(10): 1654-1660, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) studies in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients of European American (EA) ancestry have identified variants in the ATP8B4 gene and enrichment of variants in genes in the extracellular matrix (ECM)-related pathway that increase SSc susceptibility. This study was undertaken to evaluate the association of the ATP8B4 gene and the ECM-related pathway with SSc in a cohort of African American (AA) patients. METHODS: SSc patients of AA ancestry were enrolled from 23 academic centers across the US under the Genome Research in African American Scleroderma Patients consortium. Unrelated AA individuals without serologic evidence of autoimmunity who were enrolled in the Howard University Family Study were used as unaffected controls. Functional variants in genes reported in the 2 WES studies in EA patients with SSc were selected for gene association testing using the optimized sequence kernel association test (SKAT-O) and pathway analysis by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis in 379 patients and 411 controls. RESULTS: Principal components analysis demonstrated that the patients and controls had similar ancestral backgrounds, with roughly equal proportions of mean European admixture. Using SKAT-O, we examined the association of individual genes that were previously reported in EA patients and none remained significant, including ATP8B4 (P = 0.98). However, we confirmed the previously reported association of the ECM-related pathway with enrichment of variants within the COL13A1, COL18A1, COL22A1, COL4A3, COL4A4, COL5A2, PROK1, and SERPINE1 genes (corrected P = 1.95 × 10-4 ). CONCLUSION: In the largest genetic study in AA patients with SSc to date, our findings corroborate the role of functional variants that aggregate in a fibrotic pathway and increase SSc susceptibility.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
12.
Chest ; 154(4): 862-871, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29777655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a leading cause of death in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The purpose of this study was to assess long-term outcomes in patients with SSc-PAH. METHODS: Pulmonary Hypertension Assessment and Recognition of Outcomes in Scleroderma is a prospective registry of patients with SSc at high risk for or with incident pulmonary hypertension from right heart catheterization. Incident World Health Organization group I PAH patients were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were generated for the overall cohort and those who died of PAH. Multivariate Cox regression models identified predictors of mortality. RESULTS: Survival in 160 patients with incident SSc-PAH at 1, 3, 5, and 8 years was 95%, 75%, 63%, and 49%, respectively. PAH accounted for 52% of all deaths. When restricted to deaths from PAH, respective survival rates were 97%, 83%, 76%, and 76%, with 93% of PAH-related deaths occurring within 4 years of diagnosis. Men (hazard ratio [HR], 3.11; 95% CI, 1.38-6.98), diffuse disease (HR, 2.12; 95% CI, 1.13-3.93), systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) on ECG (HR, 1.06 95% CI, 1.01-1.11), mean PAP on right heart catheterization (HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.001-1.07), 6-min walk distance (HR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.86-0.99), and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.46-0.92) significantly affected survival on multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Overall survival in PHAROS was higher than other SSc-PAH cohorts. PAH accounted for more than one-half of deaths and primarily within the first few years after PAH diagnosis. Optimization of treatment for those at greatest risk of early PAH-related death is crucial.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
13.
Curr Rheumatol Rep ; 20(2): 10, 2018 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29488016

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will summarize the most current literature on the clinical impact, epidemiology, risk factors, screening recommendations, predictors of outcomes, and treatment options in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc). RECENT FINDINGS: PAH continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in SSc. Many risk factors and predictors of outcomes have been identified in patients with SSc including clinical, hemodynamic, and laboratory parameters. Screening for PAH in SSc patients is important and screening algorithms have been developed. Despite many available treatment options for PAH, prognosis remains poor. Awareness of risk factors, early detection, and up-front combination treatment are important considerations in SSc-PAH and may lead to improved outcomes. Further research to develop better biomarkers and therapies is needed to continue to improve survival and outcomes in patients with SSc-PAH.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Algoritmos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(2): e9639, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29480875

RESUMO

The association between dermatomyositis and internal malignancy is well established, but there is little consensus about the methods of cancer screening that should be utilized.We wished to analyze the prevalence and yield of selected cancer screening modalities in patients with dermatomyositis.We performed a retrospective analysis of 2 large US dermatomyositis cohorts comprising 400 patients.We measured the frequency of selected screening tests used to search for malignancy. Patients with a biopsy-confirmed malignancy were identified. Prespecified clinical and laboratory factors were tested for association with malignancy. For each malignancy we identified the screening test(s) that led to diagnosis and classified these tests as either blind (not guided by suspicious sign/symptom) or triggered (by a suspicious sign or symptom).Forty-eight patients (12.0% of total cohort) with 53 cancers were identified with dermatomyositis-associated malignancy. Twenty-one of these 53 cancers (40%) were diagnosed within 1 year of dermatomyositis symptom onset. In multivariate analysis, older age (P = .0005) was the only significant risk factor for internal malignancy. There was no significant difference in cancer incidence between classic and clinically amyopathic patients. Twenty-seven patients (6.8% of the total cohort) harbored an undiagnosed malignancy at the time of dermatomyositis diagnosis. The majority (59%) of these cancers were asymptomatic and computed tomography (CT) scans were the most common studies to reveal a cancer.This is the largest US cohort studied to examine malignancy prevalence and screening practices in dermatomyositis patients. Our results demonstrate that, while undiagnosed malignancy is present in <10% of US patients at the time of dermatomyositis onset, it is often not associated with a suspicious sign or symptom. Our data suggest that effective malignancy screening of dermatomyositis patients often requires evaluation beyond a history, physical examination, and "age-appropriate" cancer screening-these data may help to inform future guidelines for malignancy screening in this population.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite/complicações , Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Adulto , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(4): 563-570, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29306872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to use the opportunity provided by the European Scleroderma Observational Study to (1) identify and describe those patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) with progressive skin thickness, and (2) derive prediction models for progression over 12 months, to inform future randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) was recorded every 3 months in 326 patients. 'Progressors' were defined as those experiencing a 5-unit and 25% increase in mRSS score over 12 months (±3 months). Logistic models were fitted to predict progression and, using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, were compared on the basis of the area under curve (AUC), accuracy and positive predictive value (PPV). RESULTS: 66 patients (22.5%) progressed, 227 (77.5%) did not (33 could not have their status assessed due to insufficient data). Progressors had shorter disease duration (median 8.1 vs 12.6 months, P=0.001) and lower mRSS (median 19 vs 21 units, P=0.030) than non-progressors. Skin score was highest, and peaked earliest, in the anti-RNA polymerase III (Pol3+) subgroup (n=50). A first predictive model (including mRSS, duration of skin thickening and their interaction) had an accuracy of 60.9%, AUC of 0.666 and PPV of 33.8%. By adding a variable for Pol3 positivity, the model reached an accuracy of 71%, AUC of 0.711 and PPV of 41%. CONCLUSIONS: Two prediction models for progressive skin thickening were derived, for use both in clinical practice and for cohort enrichment in RCTs. These models will inform recruitment into the many clinical trials of dcSSc projected for the coming years. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02339441.


Assuntos
Esclerodermia Difusa/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Testes Cutâneos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Progressão da Doença , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Polimerase III/análise , Curva ROC , Esclerodermia Difusa/enzimologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/patologia , Pele/patologia
16.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(1): 152-157, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29077900

RESUMO

Objectives: Patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) as an absolute state of well-being has shown promise as an outcome measure in many rheumatologic conditions. We aimed to assess whether PASS may be effective in active diffuse cutaneous SSc differentiating active from placebo. Methods: Data from the phase 2 Safety and Efficacy of Subcutaneous Tocilizumab in Adults with Systemic Sclerosis (faSScinate) trial were used, which compared tocilizumab (TCZ) vs placebo over 48 weeks followed by an open-label TCZ period to 96 weeks. Three different types of PASS questions were evaluated at weeks 8, 24, 48 and 96, including if a current state would be acceptable over time as a yes vs no response and Likert scales about how acceptable a current state is if remaining over time. Additional outcomes assessed included modified Rodnan skin score, HAQ disability index (HAQ-DI), physician and patient global assessments on a visual analogue scale, CRP and ESR. Results: The placebo group consisted of 44 patients and the TCZ group had 43 patients. At baseline, 33% achieved a PASS for all three PASS questions, with the proportion increasing to 69, 71 and 78%, respectively, at 96 weeks. Changes in PASS scores showed a moderately negative correlation with HAQ-DI and patient and physician global assessments visual analogue scales, which indicates expected improvements as PASS improved. The PASS question, 'Considering all of the ways your scleroderma has affected you, how acceptable would you rate your level of symptoms?' showed significant correlations with patient-reported outcomes and differentiating placebo vs TCZ at 48 weeks (P = 0.023). Conclusion: PASS may be used as a patient-centred outcome in SSc, especially as a 7-point Likert scale. Further validation is required to determine the utility as an outcome measure in trials and clinical practice.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Esclerodermia Difusa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerodermia Difusa/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
JAMA Dermatol ; 154(1): 44-51, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29114741

RESUMO

Importance: Cutaneous disease represents a significant burden for patients with dermatomyositis. However, quantitative estimates of the probability of skin disease remission and clinical factors associated with skin outcomes are lacking. Objective: To characterize cutaneous disease course in adult patients with dermatomyositis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study conducted at a dermatology clinic at a tertiary academic referral center. All adult patients with dermatomyositis (age >18 years) seen between May 15, 2007, and October 28, 2016, were eligible. Patients were included in the current analysis if they had a baseline Cutaneous Dermatomyositis Disease Area and Severity Index (CDASI) activity score of 12 or higher, and 2 or more CDASI scores separated by 3 months or more within their first 3 years of follow-up. Main Outcomes and Measures: The percentage of patients who achieved clinical remission of their cutaneous disease as measured by the CDASI over a 3-year follow-up. Results: A total of 74 patients met our inclusion criteria (mean [SD] age at initial CDASI scoring, 54 [13] years; 58 women [78%]), and 28 (38%) achieved clinical remission during our 3-year follow-up period. Increased age (odds ratio [OR], 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.12; P = .01), a dermatomyositis-associated malignancy (OR, 14.46; 95% CI, 2.18-96.07; P = .01), and treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (OR, 6.00; 95% CI, 1.66-21.78; P = .01) were significantly associated with clinical remission of skin disease in multivariable analysis. Patients with anti-melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 antibodies had a significantly lower probability of meeting outcome criteria in our time-to-event analysis. Baseline cutaneous disease activity, disease duration at baseline, and disease duration before first systemic therapy were not significantly associated with clinical remission of skin disease. Conclusions and Relevance: Clinical remission was relatively uncommon in our population despite aggressive systemic therapy, and patients with anti-melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 antibodies were even less likely to enter clinical remission during a 3-year follow-up period. Although mycophenolate mofetil compared favorably with other treatment options, our data provide evidence that a substantial population of patients with dermatomyositis have skin disease that is not adequately managed with standard-of-care therapies.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Dermatomiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Estudos de Coortes , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(2): 212-220, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29066464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Assess the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) in a phase II study. METHODS: Patients with SSc were treated for 48 weeks in an open-label extension phase of the faSScinate study with weekly 162 mg subcutaneous tocilizumab. Exploratory end points included modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS) and per cent predicted forced vital capacity (%pFVC) through week 96. RESULTS: Overall, 24/44 (55%) placebo-tocilizumab and 27/43 (63%) continuous-tocilizumab patients completed week 96. Observed mean (SD (95% CI)) change from baseline in mRSS was -3.1 (6.3 (-5.4 to -0.9)) for placebo and -5.6 (9.1 (-8.9 to-2.4)) for tocilizumab at week 48 and -9.4 (5.6 (-8.9 to -2.4)) for placebo-tocilizumab and -9.1 (8.7 (-12.5 to -5.6)) for continuous-tocilizumab at week 96. Of patients who completed week 96, any decline in %pFVC was observed for 10/24 (42% (95% CI 22% to 63%)) placebo-tocilizumab and 12/26 (46% (95% CI 27% to 67%)) continuous-tocilizumab patients in the open-label period; no patients had >10% absolute decline in %pFVC. Serious infection rates/100 patient-years (95% CI) were 10.9 (3.0 to 27.9) with placebo and 34.8 (18.0 to 60.8) with tocilizumab during the double-blind period by week 48 and 19.6 (7.2 to 42.7) with placebo-tocilizumab and 0.0 (0.0 to 12.2) with continuous-tocilizumab during the open-label period. CONCLUSIONS: Skin score improvement and FVC stabilisation in the double-blind period were observed in placebo-treated patients who transitioned to tocilizumab and were maintained in the open-label period. Safety data indicated increased serious infections in patients with SSc but no new safety signals with tocilizumab. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01532869; Results.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pele/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Capacidade Vital/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(2): 370-381, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29207002

RESUMO

Objectives: Our aim was to describe the burden of early dcSSc in terms of disability, fatigue and pain in the European Scleroderma Observational Study cohort, and to explore associated clinical features. Methods: Patients completed questionnaires at study entry, 12 and 24 months, including the HAQ disability index (HAQ-DI), the Cochin Hand Function Scale (CHFS), the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-fatigue and the Short Form 36 (SF36). Associates examined included the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), current digital ulcers and internal organ involvement. Correlations between 12-month changes were also examined. Results: The 326 patients recruited (median disease duration 11.9 months) displayed high levels of disability [mean (s.d.) HAQ-DI 1.1 (0.83)], with 'grip' and 'activity' being most affected. Of the 18 activities assessed in the CHFS, those involving fine finger movements were most affected. High HAQ-DI and CHFS scores were both associated with high mRSS (ρ = 0.34, P < 0.0001 and ρ = 0.35, P < 0.0001, respectively). HAQ-DI was higher in patients with digital ulcers (P = 0.004), pulmonary fibrosis (P = 0.005), cardiac (P = 0.005) and muscle involvement (P = 0.002). As anticipated, HAQ-DI, CHFS, the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy and SF36 scores were all highly correlated, in particular the HAQ-DI with the CHFS (ρ = 0.84, P < 0.0001). Worsening HAQ-DI over 12 months was strongly associated with increasing mRSS (ρ = 0.40, P < 0.0001), decreasing hand function (ρ = 0.57, P < 0.0001) and increasing fatigue (ρ = -0.53, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: The European Scleroderma Observational Study highlights the burden of disability in early dcSSc, with high levels of disability and fatigue, associating with the degree of skin thickening (mRSS). Impaired hand function is a major contributor to overall disability.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Europa (Continente) , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Dedos , Força da Mão , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia
20.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(6): 865-869, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29217291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) are autoimmune diseases that can affect females of childbearing potential. We assessed pregnancy outcomes in DM and PM patients compared with the general obstetric population. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) (1993-2007) was used to identify delivery-associated hospitalizations in women with DM or PM (DM/PM, n = 853). Controls were from the general obstetric population delivery-associated hospitalizations matched to each case by year of delivery. Pregnancy outcomes included hospital length of stay (LOS), hypertensive disorders (HTN), premature rupture of membranes (PROM), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and cesarean delivery. Multivariate regression analyses were performed using maternal age, race/ethnicity, and diabetes mellitus as covariates. RESULTS: On multivariate analysis, patients with DM/PM had longer LOS compared to controls (p < 0.001). DM/PM was associated with an increased risk of hypertensive disorders compared to controls (OR = 2.90, 95% CI: 2.00-4.22). There were no differences in rates of PROM, IUGR, or cesarean section in patients with DM/PM compared with controls. Independent of a DM/PM diagnosis, African-American race, older age, and diagnosis of diabetes increased the hospital LOS (p < 0.001). African-American race and diabetes increased the risk of hypertensive disorders (OR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.19-1.60; OR = 2.94, 95% CI: 2.04-4.23, respectively) compared to controls. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that patients with inflammatory myopathies are at increased risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and longer length of hospitalization. Vigilant monitoring of blood pressure is advisable in pregnant patients with DM or PM.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite/complicações , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
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