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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114665, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592339

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Conventional treatments for functional dyspepsia (FD) are limited. Herbal medicine (HM) use is prevalent despite unclear comparative effectiveness among different formulae. AIM OF THE STUDY: This network meta-analysis (NMA) aimed to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of HM formulae for FD against placebo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven international and Chinese databases were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on HM versus placebo. Risk of bias among RCTs was assessed using Cochrane Risk-of-Bias Tool 2. Data from RCTs were extracted for random-effect pairwise meta-analyses. NMAs were performed to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of HM formulae. GRADE partially contextualised framework was adopted to facilitate NMA result interpretation. RESULTS: Twelve different HM formulae were identified from fifteen RCTs of mediocre quality. At 8-week follow-up, pairwise meta-analyses indicated that HM was superior to placebo in alleviating global symptoms (pooled risk difference (RD): 0.20; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.11-0.29), with effect size larger than the minimally clinically important difference of 0.20 RD. Sensitivity analysis showed no significant impact on results attributable to risk of bias. NMAs demonstrated that Xiao Yao Pill and Modified Ban Xia Xie Xin Decoction probably have a large beneficial effect on alleviating global symptoms (RD: 0.37; 95% CI: 0.03-0.99) and postprandial fullness (standardised mean difference: -0.93; 95% credible interval: -1.61 to -0.06), respectively. No serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Xiao Yao Pill and Modified Ban Xia Xie Xin Decoction may be considered as an alternative among patients unresponsive to conventional treatments. The comparative effectiveness of these two formulae should be evaluated in future trials.

2.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 20: 15347354211038008, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines have different recommendations on applying pharmacological interventions for managing cancer-related fatigue (CRF) among cancer survivors. This systematic review aims to synthesize clinical evidence on pharmacological interventions for managing CRF. METHODS: Five databases were searched for potential randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from their inception until October 2020. RCTs assessing the effect of pharmacological treatments for CRF among cancer survivors were considered eligible. Clinical significance was determined by comparing the estimated effect with that of minimal important difference (MID). The risk of bias of each included RCT was appraised using the Cochrane risk of bias tool for randomized trials 2. Data were synthesized using random-effect pairwise meta-analyses. RESULTS: A total of 15 RCTs (1238 participants) were included. The majority presented some concerns of bias arising from the randomization process and selection of the reported results. Meta-analysis showed that psychostimulant and wakefulness agents had statistically significant while clinically insignificant effects on the treatment of CRF (pooled weighted mean difference [WMD]: 2.8, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.2-5.4, I2: 0%, 3 RCTs, MID: 3.0-6.0). Three natural products, including Renshen Yangrong Tang (mean difference [MD]: -16.1, 95% CI: -8.9 to -23.3, MID: -17.3 to -11.4), Tualang honey (MD: 11.2, 95% CI: 7.1-15.3, MID: 3.0-6.0), and Shenmai injection plus Peptisorb (MD: -1.6, 95% CI: -2.1 to -1.1, MID: -1.1 to -0.8) demonstrated statistically and clinically significant effect in reducing CRF. CONCLUSIONS: Existing evidence showed promising effects of 3 natural products in reducing CRF among cancer survivors. The results from this study need to be further confirmed with well-designed and adequately powered RCTs that use validated instruments for the measurement of CRF.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias , Fadiga/tratamento farmacológico , Fadiga/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida
3.
Integr Med Res ; 10(3): 100713, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665098

RESUMO

Background: Pattern diagnosis-guided treatments in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been recognised by the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Accurate pattern diagnosis requires reliable and valid diagnostic instruments that guide the collection of TCM clinical data without bias. This study synthesised the existing TCM diagnostic instruments for functional dyspepsia (FD) and appraised their quality regarding their development process and measurement properties. Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched for validation studies on TCM diagnostic instruments for FD. Synthesis and appraisal of the included studies were performed following the COSMIN (COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments) Initiative guidelines adapted for TCM diagnostic instruments. Risk of bias assessment was conducted using the COSMIN Risk of Bias Checklist. Results: Five studies were included, with five unique TCM diagnostic instruments for FD identified. All five diagnostic instruments were of inadequate quality in terms of their development process, implying a shortcoming in their relevance, comprehensibility, and comprehensiveness. Only the criterion validity of Stomach Qi Deficiency Pattern Assessment Scale was of sufficient quality and had no risk of bias in its validation. Conclusion: The quality of TCM diagnostic instruments for FD warrants urgent improvements. None of them was considered reliable or valid for guiding TCM pattern diagnosis. To support the evidence base of the standardization of TCM patterns in ICD-11, TCM diagnostic instruments should be developed and validated rigorously under the COSMIN guidelines. Amendments should be made on the guidelines to accommodate the features and uniqueness of TCM diagnostic process.

4.
Int J Nurs Stud ; 117: 103904, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Existing systematic reviews have compared the effectiveness of nurse-led peri-discharge interventions comprising different components with usual care on reducing all-cause 30-day hospital readmissions. However, conflicting results were reported. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a network meta-analysis to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of different nurse-led peri-discharge interventions, compared with usual care, for reducing all-cause 30-day hospital readmissions. DESIGN: Network meta-analysis. METHODS: A total of five international databases were searched for systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials. Additional searches for most updated randomized controlled trials published between 2014 to 2019 were conducted. Data from included randomized controlled trials were extracted for random-effect pairwise meta-analyses. Pooled risk ratios with 95% confidence interval were used to quantify impact of nurse-led peri-discharge interventions on all-cause 30-day hospital readmissions. Network meta-analysis was used to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of different interventions. RESULTS: From two systematic reviews and additional randomized controlled trial searches, 12 eligible randomized controlled trials (n=150,840) assessing 15 different nurse-led peri-discharge interventions were included. For reducing all-cause 30-day hospital readmissions, pairwise meta-analysis showed that there was no significant difference between nurse-led peri-discharge interventions and usual care (pooled risk ratios = 0.86, 95% confidence interval: 0.71-1.04, moderate quality of evidence). Network meta-analysis indicated no significant difference across different interventions despite variation in complexity. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that nurse-led peri-discharge interventions were not significantly different from usual care for reducing all-cause 30-day hospital readmissions. Simpler nurse-led peri-discharge interventions are on par with more complex interventions in terms of effectiveness. Benefits of nurse-led peri-discharge interventions may vary across health system context. Therefore, careful consideration is required prior to implementation. REGISTRATION DETAILS: The protocol for this study has been registered in PROSPERO (Registration No. CRD42020186938). Tweetable abstract: This study suggested that nurse-led peri-discharge interventions do not differ from usual care for reducing all-cause 30-day hospital readmissions.


Assuntos
Alta do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
Acupunct Med ; 39(1): 3-19, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous clinical trials have demonstrated that both acupuncture and sham acupuncture exert significant, non-specific effects on treatment outcomes when compared to no-treatment controls. A recently developed framework (mechanisms in orthodox and complementary and alternative medicine-MOCAM) suggests that the non-specific effects of acupuncture originate from multiple domains (e.g. patient characteristics, acupuncturist skill/technique, the patient-acupuncturist relationship, and the acupuncture environment). However, it remains to be determined precisely how these domains influence the non-specific effects of treatment among patients receiving acupuncture and sham acupuncture in clinical trials. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to synthesize existing qualitative evidence on how trial participants randomized to acupuncture and sham acupuncture groups experience non-specific effects, regardless of the types of medical condition investigated. METHODS: This systematic review included primary qualitative studies embedded in randomized controlled trials designed to investigate acupuncture or sham acupuncture interventions. Eligible studies published in English were derived from a search of five international databases. The methodological quality of included studies was evaluated using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) tool. Using a framework synthesis approach, the identified MOCAM framework was adapted based on the synthesis of the available qualitative evidence. RESULTS: A total of 20 studies of high methodological quality were included. Our proposed model indicated that the effects of acupuncture may be increased by maintaining a professional status, applying a holistic treatment approach, practicing empathy, and providing patients with an appropriate explanation of the theory behind acupuncture and sham acupuncture. From the patient's perspective, the efficacy of treatment can be increased by following the lifestyle modification advice provided by acupuncturists, maintaining a positive attitude toward treatment efficacy, actively engaging with acupuncturists during consultation, and making behavioral changes based on experience gained during the trial. CONCLUSION: The results of this study may provide a basis for improving and standardizing key components of non-specific effects in acupuncture treatment, and for improving the isolation of specific effects in future clinical trials involving acupuncture and sham acupuncture.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Humanos , Efeito Placebo , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(1): 271-278, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the USA, colorectal cancer is among the top diagnosed cancers. The current study specifically targets the US adult population that have a history of colorectal cancer. METHODS: We used the 2017 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) to investigate the prevalence and predictors of colorectal cancer survivors using complementary medicine in the past 12 months in a representative sample of the US population (N = 26,742). We descriptively analyzed the 12-month prevalence of any complementary medicine use separately for individuals with a prior diagnosis of colorectal cancer and those without. Using chi-squared tests and backward stepwise multiple logistic regression analyses, we identified predictors of complementary medicine use in the past 12 months. RESULTS: A weighted total of 1,501,481 US adults (0.6%) had a history of colorectal cancer. More individuals without (weighted n = 76,550,503; 31.2%) than those with a history of colorectal cancer (weighted n = 410,086; 27.3%) had used complementary medicine. The most commonly used complementary medicine among colorectal cancer patients was mind-body medicine, followed by chiropractic. A higher prevalence of complementary medicine use was associated with being female, higher educated and/or living in the US Midwest or South. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, over one fourth of the US colorectal cancer survivors had used complementary medicine. Mind-body medicine was found to be the most commonly used. With evidence supporting the effectiveness and safety of mind-body medicine use among colorectal cancer patients, promoting the use of evidence-based mind-body medicine for colorectal cancer management could be considered.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Quiroprática/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Terapias Complementares/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapias Mente-Corpo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis ; 12: 1759720X20959967, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014149

RESUMO

Background: Healthcare providers need reliable evidence for supporting the adoption of new interventions, of which the source of evidence often originates from systematic reviews (SRs). However, little assessment on the rigor of SRs related to osteoarthritis interventions has been conducted. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the methodological quality and predictors among SRs on osteoarthritis interventions. Methods: Four electronic databases (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO) were searched, from 1 January 2008 to 10 October 2019. An SR was eligible if it focused on osteoarthritis interventions, and we performed at least one meta-analysis. Methodological quality was assessed using the validated AMSTAR 2 instrument. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted to assess predictors of methodological quality. Results: In total, 167 SRs were included. The most SRs were non-Cochrane reviews (88.6%), and 54.5% investigated non-pharmacological interventions. Only seven (4.2%) had high methodological quality. Respectively, eight (4.8%), 25 (15.0%), and 127 (76.0%) SRs had moderate, low, and critically low quality. Main methodological weaknesses were as follows: only 16.8% registered protocol a priori, 4.2% searched literature comprehensively, 25.7% included lists of excluded studies with justifications, and 30.5% assessed risk of bias appropriately by considering allocation concealment, blinding of patients and assessors, random sequence generation and selective reported outcomes. Cochrane reviews [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 251.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 35.5-1782.6], being updates of previous SRs (AOR 3.9, 95% CI 1.1-13.7), and SRs published after 2017 (AOR 7.7, 95% CI 2.8-21.5) were positively related to higher methodological quality. Conclusion: Despite signs of improvement in recent years, most of the SRs on osteoarthritis interventions have critically low methodological quality, especially among non-Cochrane reviews. Future SRs should be improved by conducting comprehensive literature search, justifying excluded studies, publishing a protocol, and assessing the risk of bias of included studies appropriately.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 829-836, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253185

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the associations of regular glucosamine use with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a large prospective cohort. METHODS: This population-based prospective cohort study included 495 077 women and men (mean (SD) age, 56.6 (8.1) years) from the UK Biobank study. Participants were recruited from 2006 to 2010 and were followed up through 2018. We evaluated all-cause mortality and mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, respiratory and digestive disease. HRs and 95% CIs for all-cause and cause-specific mortality were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models with adjustment for potential confounding variables. RESULTS: At baseline, 19.1% of the participants reported regular use of glucosamine supplements. During a median follow-up of 8.9 years (IQR 8.3-9.7 years), 19 882 all-cause deaths were recorded, including 3802 CVD deaths, 8090 cancer deaths, 3380 respiratory disease deaths and 1061 digestive disease deaths. In multivariable adjusted analyses, the HRs associated with glucosamine use were 0.85 (95% CI 0.82 to 0.89) for all-cause mortality, 0.82 (95% CI 0.74 to 0.90) for CVD mortality, 0.94 (95% CI 0.88 to 0.99) for cancer mortality, 0.73 (95% CI 0.66 to 0.81) for respiratory mortality and 0.74 (95% CI 0.62 to 0.90) for digestive mortality. The inverse associations of glucosamine use with all-cause mortality seemed to be somewhat stronger among current than non-current smokers (p for interaction=0.00080). CONCLUSIONS: Regular glucosamine supplementation was associated with lower mortality due to all causes, cancer, CVD, respiratory and digestive diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/mortalidade , Glucosamina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Doenças Respiratórias/mortalidade , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
10.
Clin Rehabil ; 34(1): 34-44, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture and related therapies for primary carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) by conducting a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DATA SOURCES: Nine databases were searched for potential RCTs from their inception till July 2019. REVIEW METHODS: RCTs which reported at least one of the three outcomes were included: symptom severity, functional status and pain. Included RCTs were appraised using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. RESULTS: A total of 10 RCTs (728 participants) were included. Majority were at high risk of bias for blinding of participants, personnel and outcome assessors. When compared to conventional medications, manual acupuncture showed significant superior effect in reducing symptom than ibuprofen (mean difference (MD) on Symptom Severity Scale (SSS)) = -5.80, 95% confidence interval (CI): -7.95 to -3.65) and prednisolone (MD = -6.50, 95% CI: -10.1, -2.86). Electroacupuncture plus splinting was more effective in reducing symptom severity than splinting alone (SSS score: MD = -0.20, 95% CI: -0.36 to -0.03). Manual acupuncture showed significantly superior effect than ibuprofen in improving functional status (Functional Status Scale (FSS): MD = -1.84, 95% CI: -2.66 to -1.02). The combination of electroacupuncture and splinting showed more improvement in functional status compared to splinting alone (FSS: MD = -6.22, 95%CI: -10.7 to -1.71). Triple treatment of acupuncture, magnetic spectrum heat lamp and splinting showed stronger pain relief than splinting alone. CONCLUSION: For both symptom relief and function improvement, manual acupuncture is superior to ibuprofen while electroacupuncture plus splinting outperforms splinting alone. Limited evidence showed electroacupuncture's potential role in pain reduction.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/terapia , Humanos , Contenções
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(10)2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554323

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has been associated with preventive health behaviors. However, the role of CAM use in patients' health behaviors remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the extent to which patients report that CAM use motivates them to make changes to their health behaviors. Materials and Methods: This secondary analysis of 2012 National Health Interview Survey data involved 10,201 CAM users living in the United States who identified up to three CAM therapies most important to their health. Analyses assessed the extent to which participants reported that their CAM use motivated positive health behavior changes, specifically: eating healthier, eating more organic foods, cutting back/stopping drinking alcohol, cutting back/quitting smoking cigarettes, and/or exercising more regularly. Results: Overall, 45.4% of CAM users reported being motivated by CAM to make positive health behavior changes, including exercising more regularly (34.9%), eating healthier (31.4%), eating more organic foods (17.2%), reducing/stopping smoking (16.6% of smokers), or reducing/stopping drinking alcohol (8.7% of drinkers). Individual CAM therapies motivated positive health behavior changes in 22% (massage) to 81% (special diets) of users. People were more likely to report being motivated to change health behaviors if they were: aged 18-64 compared to those aged over 65 years; of female gender; not in a relationship; of Hispanic or Black ethnicity, compared to White; reporting at least college education, compared to people with less than high school education; without health insurance. Conclusions: A sizeable proportion of respondents were motivated by their CAM use to undertake health behavior changes. CAM practices and practitioners could help improve patients' health behavior and have potentially significant implications for public health and preventive medicine initiatives; this warrants further research attention.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Clin Rehabil ; 33(12): 1847-1862, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of yoga interventions on disease symptoms, quality of life and function in patients diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DATA SOURCES: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, and CENTRAL (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched through 6 June 2019. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials assessing the effects of yoga on quality of life, dyspnea, exercise capacity, and pulmonary function (FEV1) in patients with COPD were included. Safety was defined as secondary outcome. Mean differences (MD) and standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool. RESULTS: Eleven randomized controlled trials with a total of 586 patients were included. Meta-analysis revealed evidence for effects of yoga compared to no treatment on quality of life on the COPD Assessment Test (MD = 3.81; 95% CI = 0.97 to 6.65; P = 0.009, I2 = 70%), exercise capacity assessed by the 6-minute walk test (MD = 25.53 m; 95% CI = 12.16 m to 38.90 m; P = 0.001, I2 = 0%), and pulmonary function assessed by FEV1 predicted (MD = 3.95%; 95% CI = 2.74% to 5.17%; P < 0.001, I2 = 0%). Only the effects on exercise capacity and pulmonary function were robust against methodological bias. Effects were only present in breathing-focused yoga interventions but not in interventions including yoga postures. Adverse events were reported infrequently. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis found robust effects of yoga on exercise capacity and pulmonary function in patients with COPD. Yoga, specifically yoga breathing techniques, can be an effective adjunct intervention for patients with COPD. Yoga's safety needs to be assessed in more depth in future studies.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Ioga , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Medição de Risco
13.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(12): 2077-2085, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Treatment options for functional dyspepsia (FD) refractory to pharmacological treatments are limited but the effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) is uncertain. We assessed the effectiveness of EA combined with on-demand gastrocaine. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, assessor-blind, randomized parallel-group 2-arm trial on Helicobacter pylori negative FD patients of the postprandial distress syndrome subtype refractory to proton pump inhibitor, prokinetics, or H2 antagonists. Enrolled participants were block randomized in a 1:1 ratio, with concealed random sequence. The treatment and control groups both received on-demand gastrocaine for 12 weeks, but only those in treatment group were offered 20 sessions of EA over 10 weeks. The primary endpoint was the between-group difference in proportion of patients achieving adequate relief of symptoms at week 12. RESULTS: Of 132 participants randomly assigned to EA plus on-demand gastrocaine (n = 66) or on-demand gastrocaine alone (n = 66), 125 (94.7%) completed all follow-up at 12 weeks. The EA group had a compliance rate 97.7%. They had a significantly higher likelihood in achieving adequate symptom relief at 12 weeks, with a clinically relevant number needed to treat (NNT) value of 2.36 (95% CI: 1.74, 3.64). Among secondary outcomes, statistically and clinically significant improvements were observed among global symptom (NNT = 3.85 [95% CI: 2.63, 7.69]); postprandial fullness and early satiation (NNT = 5.00 [95% CI: 2.86, 25.00]); as well as epigastric pain, epigastric burning, and postprandial nausea (NNT = 4.17 [95% CI: 2.56, 11.11]). Adverse events were minimal and nonsignificant. CONCLUSION: For refractory FD, EA provides significant, clinically relevant symptom relief when added to on-demand gastrocaine (ChiCTR-IPC-15007109).


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Aminobenzoatos/uso terapêutico , Atropina/uso terapêutico , Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Compostos de Magnésio/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Hidróxido de Alumínio/administração & dosagem , Aminobenzoatos/administração & dosagem , Atropina/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Esquema de Medicação , Combinação de Medicamentos , Eletroacupuntura/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Compostos de Magnésio/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Sci Rep ; 6: 25247, 2016 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27146849

RESUMO

Hypertonic dextrose injections (prolotherapy) is an emerging treatment for symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) but its efficacy is uncertain. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis to synthesize clinical evidence on the effect of prolotherapy for knee OA. Fifteen electronic databases were searched from their inception to September 2015. The primary outcome of interest was score change on the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC). Three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of moderate risk of bias and one quasi-randomized trial were included, with data from a total of 258 patients. In the meta-analysis of two eligible studies, prolotherapy is superior to exercise alone by a standardized mean difference (SMD) of 0.81 (95% CI: 0.18 to 1.45, p = 0.012), 0.78 (95% CI: 0.25 to 1.30, p = 0.001) and 0.62 (95% CI: 0.04 to 1.20, p = 0.035) on the WOMAC composite scale; and WOMAC function and pain subscale scores respectively. Moderate heterogeneity exists in all cases. Overall, prolotherapy conferred a positive and significant beneficial effect in the treatment of knee OA. Adequately powered, longer-term trials with uniform end points are needed to better elucidate the efficacy of prolotherapy.


Assuntos
Solução Hipertônica de Glucose/administração & dosagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Proloterapia/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Injeções , Ontário , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Sci Rep ; 5: 18853, 2015 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26686267

RESUMO

Chinese medicine (CM) is major form of traditional and complementary medicine used by Chinese populations. Evaluation on patients' experience on CM service is essential for improving service quality. This cross sectional study aims (i) to assess how CM clinics with different administrative model differ in terms of quality from patients' perspective; and (ii) to investigate how quality varies with patients' demographic and health characteristics. Five hundred and sixteen patients were sampled from charity and semi-public CM clinics in Hong Kong, and were invited to assess their experience using the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT). Results indicated that overall mean PCAT scoring is satisfactory, achieving 70.7% (91.26/129) of total score. Ratings were lower in areas of "coordination of patient information", "continuity of care", and "range of service provided". Impact of administrative models, including involvement of tax-funded healthcare system and outreach delivery, were minimal after adjusting for patient characteristics. Demographic and health characteristics of patients did not contribute to substantial variations in scoring. To improve patient experience, policy makers should consider strengthening care coordination, continuity and comprehensiveness in CM primary care services. Sharing of electronic records and establishing referral system are potential solutions for linking CM and conventional healthcare services.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 9: 207, 2009 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19917139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 1997 Hong Kong reunified with China and the development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) started with this change in national identity. However, the two latest discussion papers on Hong Kong's healthcare reform have failed to mention the role of TCM in primary healthcare, despite TCM's public popularity and its potential in tackling the chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) challenge in the ageing population. This study aims to describe the interrelationship between age, non-communicable disease (NCD) status, and the choice of TCM and western medicine (WM) services in the Hong Kong population. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the Thematic Household Survey (THS) 2005 dataset. The THS is a Hong Kong population representative face to face survey was conducted by the Hong Kong Administrative Region Government of China. A random sample of respondents aged >15 years were invited to report their use of TCM and WM in the past year, together with other health and demographic information. A total of 33,263 persons were interviewed (response rate 79.2%). RESULTS: Amongst those who received outpatient services in the past year (n = 18,087), 80.23% only visited WM doctors, 3.17% consulted TCM practitioners solely, and 16.60% used both type of services (double consulters). Compared to those who only consulted WM doctor, multinomial logistic regression showed that double consulters were more likely to be older, female, NCD patients, and have higher socioeconomic backgrounds. Further analysis showed that the association between age and double consulting was curvilinear (inverted U shaped) regardless of NCD status. Middle aged (45-60 years) NCD patients, and the NCD free "young old" group (60-75 years) were most likely to double consult. On the other hand, the relationship between age and use of TCM as an alternative to WM was linear regardless of NCD status. The NCD free segment of the population was more inclined to use TCM alone as they become older. CONCLUSION: In Hong Kong, most patients have chosen WM provided in the public sector as their sole outpatient service provider for NCD. Amongst TCM service users, middle aged NCD patients are more likely to choose both TCM and WM outpatient services. Meanwhile, older people without NCD are more likely to use TCM as their main form of care, but the size of this population group is small. These utilization patterns show that patients choose both modalities to manage their NCD and TCM should be considered within policies for supporting patients with NCD under the wider primary health and social care system that supports patient choice.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento de Escolha , Doença Crônica/terapia , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cultura , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Setor Público , Análise de Regressão , Características de Residência , Adulto Jovem
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