Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 41
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1109: 61-68, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252906

RESUMO

The determination of antibiotic levels in body fluids is of great importance in the field of personalized medicine and therapeutic drug monitoring. We report on the determination of sulfamethoxazole (SMX), an antibacterial drug of the sulfanilamide class, in spiked human urine. The protocol is based on the combination of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and liquid-liquid extraction (LLE-SERS analysis). First, the urine was diluted to reduce its buffer properties and the influence of the intrinsic urine components on the background SERS signal. Second, the acidification of the diluted urine and SMX extracts was performed to facilitate SMX extraction by chloroform and suppress the background signal, respectively. Finally, the SMX determination process was performed using hydroxylamine-stabilized silver nanoparticles as the SERS substrate. The efficiency and reliability of the LLE-SERS analysis were studied using spiked urine samples obtained from healthy volunteers with an SMX content within the therapeutically relevant concentration range (10-200 µg mL-1). Additionally, the verification of the analysis protocol was done using spiked urine samples obtained from oncology patients. The results of the verification demonstrate the applicability of the analysis for quantitative therapeutic drug monitoring due to the (i) strong suppression of the background SERS signal, which occurs as the result of LLE, dilution, and pH adjusting, (ii) satisfactory limit of detection of 1.7 µg mL-1, and (iii) simple, relatively fast (∼30 min), and cost-effective sample pretreatment.

2.
ACS Nano ; 14(1): 28-117, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478375

RESUMO

The discovery of the enhancement of Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed on nanostructured metal surfaces is a landmark in the history of spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Significant experimental and theoretical effort has been directed toward understanding the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effect and demonstrating its potential in various types of ultrasensitive sensing applications in a wide variety of fields. In the 45 years since its discovery, SERS has blossomed into a rich area of research and technology, but additional efforts are still needed before it can be routinely used analytically and in commercial products. In this Review, prominent authors from around the world joined together to summarize the state of the art in understanding and using SERS and to predict what can be expected in the near future in terms of research, applications, and technological development. This Review is dedicated to SERS pioneer and our coauthor, the late Prof. Richard Van Duyne, whom we lost during the preparation of this article.

3.
J Biophotonics ; 13(1): e201900143, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682320

RESUMO

For the screening purposes urine is an especially attractive biofluid, since it offers easy and noninvasive sample collection and provides a snapshot of the whole metabolic status of the organism, which may change under different pathological conditions. Raman spectroscopy (RS) has the potential to monitor these changes and utilize them for disease diagnostics. The current study utilizes mouse models aiming to compare the feasibility of the urine based RS combined with chemometrics for diagnosing kidney diseases directly influencing urine composition and respiratory tract diseases having no direct connection to urine formation. The diagnostic models for included diseases were built using principal component analysis with linear discriminant analysis and validated with a leave-one-mouse-out cross-validation approach. Considering kidney disorders, the accuracy of 100% was obtained in discrimination between sick and healthy mice, as well as between two different kidney diseases. For asthma and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis achieved accuracies were noticeably lower, being, respectively, 77.27% and 78.57%. In conclusion, our results suggest that RS of urine samples not only provides a solution for a rapid, sensitive and noninvasive diagnosis of kidney disorders, but also holds some promises for the screening of nonurinary tract diseases.

4.
Nanoscale ; 11(43): 20598-20613, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641713

RESUMO

Herein, we reported the fabrication of novel peptide-conjugated ligand-targeted nanoliposomes (LTLs) for chemo-photodynamic therapy against HER2-positive breast cancer. The LTL core was utilized for encapsulating doxorubicin (DOX) for chemotherapy, and methylene blue (MB) attached NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) for NIR-activated bioimaging and leveraging its visible emission for photoexciting MB for enhanced photodynamic therapy (PDT). The specificity of our LTLs was achieved by conjugating a newly discovered anti-HER2 peptide screened from a phage display peptide library. The high selectivity of the peptide-conjugated LTLs was confirmed by confocal imaging of SKBR-3 (HER2-positive) and MCF-7 (HER2-negative) breast cancer cell lines, illustrating its target-specific nature. The energy transfer from UCNPs to MB was verified, thus enabling the generation of reactive oxygen species upon activation with a 975 nm laser source (0.60 W cm-2) under 5 min continuous excitation. A significant decline in the cell viability by 95% was observed using chemo-photodynamic combinational therapy, whereas for chemo-drug alone and PDT alone, the cell proliferation declined by 77% and 84%, respectively. Furthermore, we demonstrated an improved uptake of the LTLs inside a 3D model of SKBR-3 tumor spheroids, where the spheroid cell viability was suppressed by 66% after the use of combinational therapy. Thus, our results suggest great prospective use of theranostic LTLs for breast cancer management.

5.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 184: 110478, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541890

RESUMO

The incidence of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) is increasing globally, and it is being clinically addressed by chemotherapy, followed by immunotherapy and stem cell transplantation, all with potential life-threatening toxicities. In the need for more effective therapeutics, newly developed disease-targeted nanocompounds can thus hold real potential. In this paper, we propose a novel nanoparticle-based immunotherapeutic agent against ALL, consisting of antiCD19 antibody-conjugated, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-biocompatibilized, and Nile Blue (NB) Raman reporter-tagged gold nanoparticles of urchin-like shape (GNUs), that have a plasmonic response in the Near Infrared (NIR) spectral range. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of particle-incubated CD19-positive (CD19(+)) CCRF-SB cells show that the antiCD19-PEG-NB-GNU nanocomplex is able to recognize the CD19 B-cell-specific antigen, which is a prerequisite for targeted therapy. The therapeutic effect of the particles is confirmed by cell counting, combined with cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry and MTS assay, which additionally offer insights into their mechanisms of action. Specifically, antiCD19-PEG-NB-GNUs proved superior cytotoxic effect against CCRF-SB cells when compared with the free antibody, by reducing the overall viability below 18% after 7 days treatment at a particle-bound antibody concentration of 0.17 ng/µl. Moreover, by combining their remarkable plasmonic properties with the possibility of Raman tagging, the proposed nanoparticles can also serve as spectroscopic imaging agents inside living cells, which validates their theranostic potential in the field of hematological oncology.

6.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 14(13): 1681-1706, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298071

RESUMO

Aim: To simulate the stability and degradation of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNP) in vitro as part of their life cycle using complex simulated biological fluids. Materials & methods: A set of 13 MNP with different polymeric or inorganic shell materials was synthesized and characterized regarding stability and degradation of core and shell in simulated biological fluids. Results: All MNP formulations showed excellent stability during storage and in simulated body fluid. In endosomal/lysosomal media the degradation behavior depended on shell characteristics (e.g., charge, acid-base character) and temperature enabling the development of an accelerated stress test protocol. Conclusion: Kinetics of transformations depending on the MNP type could be established to define structure-activity relationships as prediction model for rational particle design.

7.
Talanta ; 202: 171-177, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171166

RESUMO

Early stage detection of Pseudomonas infections is life-saving, especially in the case of patients with cystic fibrosis. Pyocyanin (PYO) is a specific metabolite of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria, and detection of it directly in the sputum can significantly reduce the diagnosis time of the infection. In the present study, aiming to achieve this goal, a simple and cost-effective surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) detection platform was proposed. For this, a silicon nanowire (SiNW) matrix, produced by metal-assisted chemical etching of silicon substrates was variously modified by noble metal (silver and gold) nanoparticles (NPs) and tested for the detection of the metabolite PYO in the complex matrix of artificial sputum. We found the SERS substrate with Ag NPs on the bottom of SiNWs and deposited bimetallic Ag/Au NPs on the top of them the best suited for the sensitive detection of PYO. The investigated plasmonic substrate showed good point-to-point and batch-to-batch signal reproducibility and allowed for the detection of PYO in artificial sputum down to 6.25 µM, which is the required sensitivity for clinical applications.

8.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13290, 2018 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30185972

RESUMO

Dabigatran Etexilate (PRADAXA) is a new oral anticoagulant increasingly used for a number of blood thrombosis conditions, prevention of strokes and systemic emboli among patients with atrial fibrillation. It provides safe and adequate anticoagulation for prevention and treatment of thrombus in several clinical settings. However, anticoagulation therapy can be associated with an increased risk of bleeding. There is a lack of specific laboratory tests to determine the level of this drug in blood. This is considered the most important obstacles of using this medication, particularly for patients with trauma, drug toxicity, in urgent need for surgical interventions or uncontrolled bleeding. In this work, we performed Systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) to select specific DNA aptamers against dabigatran etexilate. Following multiple rounds of selection and enrichment with a randomized 60-mer DNA library, specific DNA aptamers for dabigatran were selected. We investigated the affinity and specificity of generated aptamers to the drug showing dissociation constants (Kd) ranging from 46.8-208 nM. The most sensitive aptamer sequence was selected and applied in an electrochemical biosensor to successfully achieve 0. 01 ng/ml level of detection of the target drug. With further improvement of the assay and optimization, these aptamers would replace conventional antibodies for developing detection assays in the near future.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/genética , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/farmacologia , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Dabigatrana/química , Dabigatrana/farmacologia , Embolia/tratamento farmacológico , Biblioteca Gênica , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Ligantes , Técnica de Seleção de Aptâmeros/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
9.
Anal Chem ; 90(15): 8912-8918, 2018 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29956919

RESUMO

Fungal spores are one of several environmental factors responsible for causing respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and aspergillosis. These spores also are able to trigger exacerbations during chronic forms of disease. Different fungal spores may contain different allergens and mycotoxins, therefore the health hazards are varying between the species. Thus, it is highly important quickly to identify the composition of fungal spores in the air. In this study, UV-Raman spectroscopy with an excitation wavelength of 244 nm was applied to investigate eight different fungal species implicated in respiratory diseases worldwide. Here, we demonstrate that darkly colored spores can be directly examined, and UV-Raman spectroscopy provides the information sufficient for classifying fungal spores. Classification models on the genus, species, and strain levels were built using a combination of principal component analysis and linear discriminant analysis followed by evaluation with leave-one-batch-out-cross-validation. At the genus level an accuracy of 97.5% was achieved, whereas on the species level four different Aspergillus species were classified with 100% accuracy. Finally, classifying three strains of Aspergillus fumigatus an accuracy of 89.4% was reached. These results demonstrate that UV-Raman spectroscopy in combination with innovative chemometrics allows for fast identification of fungal spores and can be a potential alternative to currently used time-consuming cultivation.


Assuntos
Fungos/classificação , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Esporos Fúngicos/classificação , Aspergilose/microbiologia , Aspergillus/química , Aspergillus/classificação , Aspergillus fumigatus/química , Aspergillus fumigatus/classificação , Asma/microbiologia , Análise Discriminante , Desenho de Equipamento , Fungos/química , Humanos , Análise de Componente Principal , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/microbiologia , Análise Espectral Raman/instrumentação , Esporos Fúngicos/química , Raios Ultravioleta
10.
Talanta ; 186: 44-52, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29784385

RESUMO

Nowadays, cancer is one of the most dangerous and deadly disease all around the world. Cancer that is diagnosed at early stages is more likely to be treated successfully. Treatment of progressed cancer is very difficult, and generally surviving rates are much lower. Therefore, much research has been focused on developing non-invasive methods for detection of cancer and monitoring of its progress. Within this contribution, we present a novel strategy for selective isolation and detection of breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and BT-20) based on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). A simplified protocol based on cell-aptamer interaction has been developed in which core-shell (Au@Fe3O4) nanoparticles (CSNs) were functionalized with a mucin 1 (MUC1) specific aptamer (Apt1) to capture cells through the interaction between Apt1 and overexpressed protein (MUC1) on the surface of the tumor cells. Meanwhile, a SERS nano-tag, synthesized by the conjugation of Apt1 to the surface of BSA coated and with 4-mercaptopyridine (4-Mpy) functionalized gold nanoparticles, was used to detect the isolated cells. As a conclusion, the proposed strategy can be extended to isolate and detect cells more precisely based on the detection of different kinds of biomarkers on the surface of cancer cells, simultaneously.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Análise de Célula Única , Feminino , Humanos , Análise Espectral Raman , Propriedades de Superfície , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
11.
J Biophotonics ; 11(12): e201800013, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29799670

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a process of thickening and stiffening of the arterial walls through the accumulation of lipids and fibrotic material, as a consequence of aging and unhealthy life style. However, not all arterial plaques lead to complications, which can lead to life-threatening events such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Diagnosis of the disease in early stages and identification of unstable atherosclerotic plaques are still challenging. It has been shown that the development of atherosclerotic plaques is an inflammatory process, where the accumulation of macrophages in the arterial walls is immanent in the early as well as late stages of the disease. We present a novel surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-based strategy for the detection of early stage atherosclerosis, based on the uptake of tagged gold nanoparticles by macrophages and subsequent detection by means of SERS. The results presented here provide a basis for future in vivo studies in animal models.The workflow of tracing the SERS-active nanoparticle uptake by macrophages employing confocal Raman imaging.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/metabolismo , Manose/química , Manose/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico , Análise Espectral Raman , Transporte Biológico , Linhagem Celular , Diagnóstico Precoce , Ouro/química , Humanos , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Dióxido de Silício/química
12.
Materials (Basel) ; 11(2)2018 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29495266

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is known as a molecular-specific and highly sensitive method. In order to enable the routine application of SERS, powerful SERS substrates are of great importance. Within this manuscript, a TopUp SERS substrate is introduced which is fabricated by a top-down process based on microstructuring as well as a bottom-up generation of silver nanostructures. The Raman signal of the support material acts as an internal standard in order to improve the quantification capabilities. The analyte molecule coverage of sulfamethoxazole on the surface of the nanostructures is characterized by the SERS signal evolution fitted by a Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm.

13.
Mikrochim Acta ; 185(2): 149, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29594603

RESUMO

Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) is a pathogen causing periodontitis. A rapid assay is described for the diagnosis of periodontal infections related to P. gingivalis. The method is making use of gingipains, a group of P. gingivalis specific proteases as a detection biomarker. Magnetic-nanobeads were labeled with gingipain-specific peptide substrates and immobilized on a gold biosensing platform via gold-thiol linkage. As a result of this, the color of the gold layer turns black. Upon cleavage of the immobilized substrates by gingipains, the magnetic-nanobeads-peptide fragments were attracted by a magnet so that the golden surface color becomes visible again. This assay is highly sensitive and specific. It is capable of detecting as little as 49 CFU·mL-1 of P. gingivalis within 30 s. Examination of periodontitis patients and healthy control saliva samples showed the potential of the assay. The simplicity and rapidity of the assay makes it an effective point-of-care device. Graphical abstract Schematic of the assay for the detection of P. gingivalis proteases as one of the promising biomarkers associated with periodontal diseases.


Assuntos
Adesinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Colorimetria/métodos , Cisteína Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Porphyromonas gingivalis/enzimologia , Biomarcadores , Colorimetria/normas , Humanos , Magnetismo , Nanopartículas , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Porphyromonas gingivalis/patogenicidade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29395932

RESUMO

To achieve an insightful look within biomolecular processes on the cellular level, the development of diseases as well as the reliable detection of metabolites and pathogens, a modern analytical tool is needed that is highly sensitive, molecular-specific and exhibits fast detection. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is known to meet these requirements and, within this review article, the recent progress of label-free SERS in biological and biomedical applications is summarized and discussed. This includes the detection of biomolecules such as metabolites, nucleic acids and proteins. Further, the characterization and identification of microorganisms has been achieved by label-free SERS-based approaches. Eukaryotic cells can be characterized by SERS in order to gain information about the outer cell wall or to detect intracellular molecules and metabolites. The potential of SERS for medically relevant detection schemes is emphasized by the label-free detection of tissue, the investigation of body fluids as well as applications for therapeutic and illicit drug monitoring. The review article is concluded with an evaluation of the recent progress and current challenges in order to highlight the direction of label-free SERS in the future.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Ácidos Nucleicos/análise , Proteínas/análise , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Humanos , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 410(3): 999-1006, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905087

RESUMO

A new approach is presented for cell lysate identification which uses SERS-active silver nanoparticles and a droplet-based microfluidic chip. Eighty-nanoliter droplets are generated by injecting silver nanoparticles, KCl as aggregation agent, and cell lysate containing cell constituents, such as nucleic acids, carbohydrates, metabolites, and proteins into a continuous flow of mineral oil. This platform enables accurate mixing of small volumes inside the meandering channels of the quartz chip and allows acquisition of thousands of SERS spectra with 785 nm excitation at an integration time of 1 s. Preparation of three batches of three leukemia cell lines demonstrated the experimental reproducibility. The main advantage of a high number of reproducible spectra is to apply statistics for large sample populations with robust classification results. A support vector machine with leave-one-batch-out cross-validation classified SERS spectra with sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies better than 99% to differentiate Jurkat, THP-1, and MONO-MAC-6 leukemia cell lysates. This approach is compared with previous published reports about Raman spectroscopy for leukemia detection, and an outlook is given for transfer to single cells. A quartz chip was designed for SERS at 785 nm excitation. Principal component analysis of SERS spectra clearly separates cell lysates using variations in band intensity ratios.


Assuntos
Leucemia/diagnóstico , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/instrumentação , Análise Espectral Raman/instrumentação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Prata/química , Sonicação , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(44): 38854-38862, 2017 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29053250

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is an attractive tool in the analytical sciences due to its high specificity and sensitivity. Because SERS-active substrates are only available as two-dimensional arrays, the fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) nanostructures allows for an increased number of hot spots in the focus volume, thus further amplifying the SERS signal. Although a great number of fabrication strategies for powerful SERS substrates exist, the generation of 3D nanostructures with high complexity and periodicity is still challenging. For this purpose, we report an easy fabrication technique for 3D nanostructures following a bottom-up preparation protocol. Enzymatically generated silver nanoparticles (EGNPs) are prepared, and the growth of hierarchically-designed 3D flower-like silica-silver composite nanostructures is induced by applying plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PE-ALD) on the EGNPs. The morphology of these nanocomposites can be varied by changes in the PE-ALD cycle number, and a flower height of up to 10 µm is found. Moreover, the metallized (e.g., silver or gold) 3D nanostructures resulting from 135 PE-ALD cycles of silica creation provide highly reproducible SERS signals across the hydrophobic surface. Within this contribution, the morphological studies, optical properties, as well as the SERS response of these metallized silica-silver composite nanostructures applying vitamin B2 as a model analyte are introduced.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 17(8)2017 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28757555

RESUMO

Pyocyanin (PYO) is a metabolite specific for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In the case of immunocompromised patients, it is currently considered a biomarker for life-threating Pseudomonas infections. In the frame of this study it is shown, that PYO can be detected in aqueous solution by employing surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) combined with a microfluidic platform. The achieved limit of detection is 0.5 µM. This is ~2 orders of magnitude below the concentration of PYO found in clinical samples. Furthermore, as proof of principle, the SERS detection of PYO in the saliva of three volunteers was also investigated. This body fluid can be collected in a non-invasive manner and is highly chemically complex, making the detection of the target molecule challenging. Nevertheless, PYO was successfully detected in two saliva samples down to 10 µM and in one sample at a concentration of 25 µM. This indicates that the molecules present in saliva do not inhibit the efficient adsorption of PYO on the surface of the employed SERS active substrates.


Assuntos
Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Humanos , Infecções por Pseudomonas , Piocianina , Saliva , Análise Espectral Raman , Água
18.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 409(15): 3779-3788, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28364142

RESUMO

The study of edaphic bacteria is of great interest, particularly for evaluating soil remediation and recultivation methods. Therefore, a fast and simple strategy to isolate various bacteria from complex soil samples using poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI)-modified polyethylene particles is introduced. The research focuses on the binding behavior under different conditions, such as the composition, pH value, and ionic strength, of the binding buffer, and is supported by the characterization of the surface properties of particles and bacteria. The results demonstrate that electrostatic forces and hydrophobicity are responsible for the adhesion of target bacteria to the particles. Distinct advantages of the particle-based isolation strategy include simple handling, enrichment efficiency, and the preservation of viable bacteria. The presented isolation method allows a subsequent identification of the bacteria using Raman microspectroscopy in combination with chemometrical methods. This is demonstrated with a dataset of five different bacteria (Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Streptomyces tendae, and Streptomyces acidiscabies) which were isolated from spiked soil samples. In total 92% of the Raman spectra could be identified correctly.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Polietileno/química , Polietilenoimina/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Bactérias/química , Aderência Bacteriana , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Concentração Osmolar , Eletricidade Estática
19.
Anal Chim Acta ; 949: 1-7, 2017 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27876141

RESUMO

Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) is a commonly applied antibiotic for treating urinary tract infections; however, allergic reactions and skin eczema are known side effects that are observed for all sulfonamides. Today, this molecule is present in drinking and surface water sources. The allowed concentration in tap water is 2·10-7 mol L-1. SMX could unintentionally be ingested by healthy people when drinking contaminated tap water, representing unnecessary drug intake. To assess the quality of tap water, fast, specific and sensitive detection methods are required, in which consequence measures for improving the purification of water might be initiated in the short term. Herein, the quantitative detection of SMX down to environmentally and physiologically relevant concentrations in the nanomolar range by employing surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and a microfluidic cartridge system is presented. By applying surface-water samples as matrices, the detection of SMX down to 2.2·10-9 mol L-1 is achieved, which illustrates the great potential of our proposed method in environmental science.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Água Potável/análise , Análise Espectral Raman , Sulfametoxazol/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas
20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(16): 4392-4430, 2017 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27862751

RESUMO

Raman spectroscopy is an emerging technique in bioanalysis and imaging of biomaterials owing to its unique capability of generating spectroscopic fingerprints. Imaging cells and tissues by Raman microspectroscopy represents a nondestructive and label-free approach. All components of cells or tissues contribute to the Raman signals, giving rise to complex spectral signatures. Resonance Raman scattering and surface-enhanced Raman scattering can be used to enhance the signals and reduce the spectral complexity. Raman-active labels can be introduced to increase specificity and multimodality. In addition, nonlinear coherent Raman scattering methods offer higher sensitivities, which enable the rapid imaging of larger sampling areas. Finally, fiber-based imaging techniques pave the way towards in vivo applications of Raman spectroscopy. This Review summarizes the basic principles behind medical Raman imaging and its progress since 2012.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Imagem Molecular , Análise Espectral Raman , Animais , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA