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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 112-119, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134303

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: Understanding the effects of high oxidation reduction potential (ORP) levels on sperm parameters will help to identify patients with unexplained and male factor infertility who may have seminal oxidative stress and determine if ORP testing is needed. This study aimed to evaluate the association between seminal ORP and conventional sperm parameters. Materials and Methods: A total of 58 patients who provided a semen sample for simultaneous evaluation of sperm parameters and ORP between January and September 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective study. To identify normal and high ORP levels, a static ORP (sORP) cut-off value of 1.36mV/106sperm/mL was used. Sperm parameters were compared between infertile men with normal sORP (control group, n=23) and high sORP values (study group, n=35). Results: Men with sORP values >1.36mV/106sperm/mL had significantly lower total sperm count (TSC) (p <0.001), sperm concentration (p <0.001) and total motile sperm count (TMSC) (p <0.001). In addition, progressive motility (p=0.04) and fast forward progressive motility (p <0.001) were significantly lower in the study group. A negative correlation was found between sORP and TSC (r=-0.820, p <0.001), sperm concentration (r=-0.822, p <0.001), TMSC (r=-0.808, p <0.001) and progressive motility (r=-0.378, p=0.004). Non-progressive motility positively correlated with sORP (r=0.344, p=0.010). Conclusions: This study has shown that TSC, sperm concentration, progressive motility and TMSC are associated with seminal oxidative stress, indicated by a sORP cut-off of 1.36mV/106sperm/mL. Presence of oligozoospermia, reduced progressive motilty or low TMSC in sperm analysis should raise the suspicion of oxidative stress and warrants seminal ROS testing.

2.
Int Braz J Urol ; 47(1): 112-119, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047916

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Understanding the effects of high oxidation reduction potential (ORP) levels on sperm parameters will help to identify patients with unexplained and male factor infertility who may have seminal oxidative stress and determine if ORP testing is needed. This study aimed to evaluate the association between seminal ORP and conventional sperm parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 58 patients who provided a semen sample for simultaneous evaluation of sperm parameters and ORP between January and September 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective study. To identify normal and high ORP levels, a static ORP (sORP) cut-off value of 1.36mV/106sperm/mL was used. Sperm parameters were compared between infertile men with normal sORP (control group, n=23) and high sORP values (study group, n=35). RESULTS: Men with sORP values >1.36mV/106sperm/mL had significantly lower total sperm count (TSC) (p <0.001), sperm concentration (p <0.001) and total motile sperm count (TMSC) (p <0.001). In addition, progressive motility (p=0.04) and fast forward progressive motility (p <0.001) were significantly lower in the study group. A negative correlation was found between sORP and TSC (r=-0.820, p <0.001), sperm concentration (r=-0.822, p <0.001), TMSC (r=-0.808, p <0.001) and progressive motility (r=-0.378, p=0.004). Non-progressive motility positively correlated with sORP (r=0.344, p=0.010). CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that TSC, sperm concentration, progressive motility and TMSC are associated with seminal oxidative stress, indicated by a sORP cut-off of 1.36mV/106sperm/mL. Presence of oligozoospermia, reduced progressive motilty or low TMSC in sperm analysis should raise the suspicion of oxidative stress and warrants seminal ROS testing.

3.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 50(2): 101982, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221558

RESUMO

Low response of patients with diminished ovarian reserve to exogenous gonadotropins in controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) protocols is one of the important problems of reproductive endocrinology. Various treatment protocols have been developed in patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) or poor ovarian response (POR). Recently, the addition of growth hormone (GH) to treatment protocols has been brought to the agenda in these patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of GH adjuvant treatment on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle results in patients with DOR or POR. This retrospective cohort study was carried out with patients who diagnosed as DOR or POR and underwent ICSI. The patients were divided into the groups according to whether GH was used. In this study, ongoing pregnancy rates and live birth rates were observed to be significantly higher in the group receiving GH compared to the control group. In addition, there was a significant increase in embryo quality in the group receiving GH. As a result, the addition of GH to COS protocols in DOR and POR patients may increase the ongoing pregnancy rate, live birth rate, embryo quality.

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