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1.
Vaccine ; 39(44): 6464-6469, 2021 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598820

RESUMO

Among 6146 hospital employees, 118 subjects with severe allergic background were identified through a screening questionnaire and stratified into 3 groups (Low-risk (LR), Intermediate (IR) and High-risk (HR) group), based on their allergic anamnesis. Data reports on hypersensitivity reactions (HypR) have been collected in both allergic and non-allergic subjects. Seventeen patients (14%) in the allergic population had a HypR after the first, the second or both doses. Skin manifestations were the most frequent ones. Allergic events were more frequent in HR (35%) than IR (10%; p = 0.005) or LR (0%; p = 0.074) subjects. No patient had anaphylaxis. All patients completed the vaccination schedule. 13 HypR occurred in patients without severe allergic background (13/6028, 0,2%) including one (1/6148, 0.016% of total population) WAO grade-4 anaphylaxis. Our data suggest that BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 vaccine is relatively safe also in patients with severe allergic background; however, some precautions are required for high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia , COVID-19 , Vacinas , Algoritmos , Anafilaxia/induzido quimicamente , Anafilaxia/diagnóstico , Anafilaxia/epidemiologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas/efeitos adversos
3.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 129, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Host inflammation contributes to determine whether SARS-CoV-2 infection causes mild or life-threatening disease. Tools are needed for early risk assessment. METHODS: We studied in 111 COVID-19 patients prospectively followed at a single reference Hospital fifty-three potential biomarkers including alarmins, cytokines, adipocytokines and growth factors, humoral innate immune and neuroendocrine molecules and regulators of iron metabolism. Biomarkers at hospital admission together with age, degree of hypoxia, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatinine were analysed within a data-driven approach to classify patients with respect to survival and ICU outcomes. Classification and regression tree (CART) models were used to identify prognostic biomarkers. RESULTS: Among the fifty-three potential biomarkers, the classification tree analysis selected CXCL10 at hospital admission, in combination with NLR and time from onset, as the best predictor of ICU transfer (AUC [95% CI] = 0.8374 [0.6233-0.8435]), while it was selected alone to predict death (AUC [95% CI] = 0.7334 [0.7547-0.9201]). CXCL10 concentration abated in COVID-19 survivors after healing and discharge from the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: CXCL10 results from a data-driven analysis, that accounts for presence of confounding factors, as the most robust predictive biomarker of patient outcome in COVID-19.

4.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: After exceptional research efforts, several vaccines were developed against SARS-CoV-2 which sustains the pandemic COVID-19. The Comirnaty vaccine showed high efficacy in clinical trials and was the first to be approved for its distribution to the general population. We evaluated the immune response induced by the first vaccine dose in different sex/age groups and subjects with or without naturally present anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. METHODS: As part of an Italian multicenter project (Covidiagnostix), serum samples from 4,290 health-professionals were serologically tested the day of the first vaccination dose, and 21 days later, using two different instrumentations (Siemens-Healthineers and Roche). RESULTS: In total, 97% of samples showed the presence of specific antibodies 21 days after the vaccination dose; the percentage of non-responders increased with age in both genders. Remarkably, naturally seropositive individuals showed antibody persistence up to 11 months and an exceptionally higher vaccination response compared to subjects never infected by SARS-CoV-2. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted the importance of the serological test i) to identify naturally SARS-CoV-2 seropositive individuals and ii) to evaluate the antibody level elicited by the first vaccination dose. Both tests, highlighted differences in the immune response, when subjects were stratified by sex and age, and between naturally seropositive and seronegative subjects.The data obtained show how serological tests could play a crucial role in the triage of the population subjected to the vaccination campaign for COVID-19. The definition of suitable instrumentation-specific thresholds is needed to correctly follow eventually acquired post-vaccination immunity in the general population.

6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(10)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667047

RESUMO

We describe the case of a 45-year-old man affected by T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and diagnosed with COVID-19 early after an allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant. The infectious disease was characterised by a severe and prolonged course, further complicated by a spontaneous pneumomediastinum and pneumopericardium. We successfully treated this patient with the antiviral drug remdesivir associated with two courses of COVID-19 convalescent plasma. This case report represents a good example of the typical clinical course of COVID-19 in severely immunosuppressed patients and gives evidence that in this population only a prompt treatment directed towards viral clearance can face the absence of a valid immune reactivity.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , COVID-19/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Echocardiography ; 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury (MI) can be detected during the acute phase of Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) and is associated with a dismal prognosis. Recent imaging studies described the persistence of cardiac abnormalities after the recovery. The aim of the study was to investigate the spectrum of cardiac abnormalities at mid-term follow-up in patients recovered from COVID-19 using clinical assessment, laboratory tests, and imaging evaluation with comprehensive echocardiography. METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional study assessing an unselected cohort of consecutive patients recovered from COVID-19. MI was defined by elevated plasma levels of high sensitive troponin T (hsTnT). At the follow-up, a complete examination including echocardiography was performed. RESULTS: The 123 patients included were divided into two groups according to the presence of MI during hospitalization: group A (without MI) and group B (with MI). After a median of 85 days, group B patients were more frequently symptomatic for dyspnea and had significantly higher values of hsTnT and N-Terminal prohormone of Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP), compared to Group A. No differences between the two groups in left nor right ventricle dimension and ejection fraction were found. However, in group B a significant reduction of mean left ventricle global longitudinal strain was observed (-15.7±.7 vs -18.1± .3 in group A, p < 0.001), together with higher frequency of impaired diastolic function and higher values of pulmonary pressure. CONCLUSIONS: In patients recovered from COVID-19, echocardiography with speckle-tracking analysis may be an useful imaging tool to identify subclinical myocardial dysfunction and potentially guide management strategies.

8.
Hemasphere ; 5(10): e642, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522844

RESUMO

In 2016, the European Hematology Association (EHA) published the EHA Roadmap for European Hematology Research1 aiming to highlight achievements in the diagnostics and treatment of blood disorders, and to better inform European policy makers and other stakeholders about the urgent clinical and scientific needs and priorities in the field of hematology. Each section was coordinated by 1-2 section editors who were leading international experts in the field. In the 5 years that have followed, advances in the field of hematology have been plentiful. As such, EHA is pleased to present an updated Research Roadmap, now including 11 sections, each of which will be published separately. The updated EHA Research Roadmap identifies the most urgent priorities in hematology research and clinical science, therefore supporting a more informed, focused, and ideally a more funded future for European Hematology Research. the 11 EHA Research Roadmap sections include normal hematopoiesis; malignant lymphoid diseases; malignant myeloid diseases; anemias and related diseases; platelet disorders; blood coagulation and hemostatic disorders; transfusion medicine; infections in hematology; hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; CAR-T and Other cell-based immune therapies; and gene therapy.

9.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543768

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), nonrelapse mortality (NRM), and relapse are among major causes of treatment failure in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). The use of post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) is now a well-established and widely used method for GVHD prophylaxis after HLA haploidentical HCT. However, the rationale for using PT-Cy in the setting of matched donor transplantation is less apparent, given the lesser degree of bidirectional alloreactivity. In this study, we evaluated the cumulative incidence of acute and chronic GVHD, engraftment, progression-free survival (PFS), GVHD-free/relapse- free survival (GRFS), and overall survival (OS), as well as NRM by 2 years, using PT-Cy as GVHD prophylaxis among recipients of allo-HCT from 4 different donor types. We analyzed PT-Cy as GVHD prophylaxis in 295 patients with MM who underwent allo-HCT using grafts from a matched related donor (MRD; n = 67), matched unrelated donor (MUD; n = 72), mismatched related or unrelated donor (MMRD/MMUD, 1 antigen; n = 27), or haploidentical donor (haplo; n = 129) between 2012 and 2018. In addition to PT-Cy, agents used in GVHD prophylaxis included calcineurin inhibitors in 239 patients (81%), with mycophenolate mofetil in 184 of those 239 (77%). OS and PFS were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product limit estimation method, and differences in subgroups were assessed by the log-rank test. The cumulative incidences of relapse and NRM were analyzed together in a competing-risks framework. Competing-risks analyses were also used to estimate the incidences of grade II-IV acute GVHD and limited and extensive chronic GVHD by day +100, 1 year, and 2 years post-allo-HCT, respectively. The competing events were relapse and death. Subgroup differences in cumulative incidence were assessed using Gray's test. Multivariable Cox regression was applied to investigate the simultaneous impact of multiple covariates on outcomes, when sufficient numbers of patients and subsequent events were available. The cumulative incidence at day +100 was 30% (95% confidence interval [CI], 25% to 36%) for grade II-IV acute GVHD, 9% (95% CI, 5% to 12%) for grade III-IV acute GVHD, and 27% (95% CI, 21% to 32%) for chronic GVHD (limited, 21%; extensive, 6%), with no differences by donor type. The median time to platelet engraftment was delayed in haploidentical donor graft recipients (27 days versus 21 days; P < .001). Two-year OS, PFS, GRFS, and NRM were 51% (95% CI, 45% to 58%), 26% (95% CI, 20% to 32%), 24% (95% CI, 18% to 30%), and 19% (95% CI, 14% to 24%), respectively, with no significant difference between different donor types. In multivariable analyses, compared with the use of haplo donors, the of MRDs was associated with significantly better OS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.6; 95% CI, 0.38 to 0.95; P = .029), and the use of MUDs was associated with a significantly higher GRFS (HR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.97; P = .034). There was a trend toward improved PFS with use of MUDs (HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.46 to 1.04; P = .08). Our data show that PT-Cy in MM patients undergoing allo-HCT resulted in low rates of acute and chronic GVHD and led to favorable survival, especially in the matched donor setting. © 2021 American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc.

10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 731478, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568066

RESUMO

Introduction: Reducing toxicities while preserving efficacy in allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-HCT) remains a particularly challenging problem. Different strategies to enhance the antitumor activity without increasing early and late adverse toxicities of the conditioning regimens have been investigated. Methods: The aim of "AlloTreo" prospective phase 2 clinical trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a conditioning regimen based on Treosulfan (42 g/m2) and fludarabine (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00598624). We enrolled 108 patients with hematological diseases who received a first allo-HCT between June 2005 and January 2011, inside the frame of this trial at our center. Median age at allo-HCT was 49 (21-69) years. Disease Risk Index was low in 14 (13%) patients, intermediate in 73 (67.7%), high in 17 (15.7%), and very high in 4 (3.7%). Donors were human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related in 50 cases, 10/10-matched unrelated in 36, and 9/10-mismatched unrelated in 22. Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine-A and methotrexate. Anti-T-lymphocyte globulin (ATLG) was administered in patients receiving unrelated allo-HCT. Stem cell source was mainly peripheral blood stem cells (95%). Results: Conditioning regimen was well tolerated. Full donor chimerism was documented for most patients (88%) at day +30. At 12 years, overall survival (OS) was 41.7% (32.2%-50.9%), progression-free survival (PFS) was 31.7% (23%-40.7%), GvHD-free/relapse-free survival was 20.9% (13.7%-29.1%), cumulative incidence (CI) of relapse was 44.5% (34.9%-53.6%), and transplant-related mortality (TRM) was 22.5% (15.1%-30.9%). CI of acute GvHD grades II-IV was 27.8% (19.7%-36.5%) at 100 days; 12-year CI of chronic GvHD was 40.7% (31.3%-49.9%). Relevant long-term adverse effects were 10 secondary malignancy, 3 fatal cardiovascular events, and 1 late-onset transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy. Ten successful pregnancies were reported after allo-HCT. In multivariate analysis, older age (≥60 years) at transplant [hazard ratio (HR), 2.157; p = 0.004] and a high/very high disease risk index (HR, 1.913; p = 0.026) were significantly associated with a lower OS. Conclusions: Overall, our data confirmed the myeloablative potential and safe toxicity profile of full dose Treo (42 g/m2) especially for the younger population.

11.
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev ; 22: 76-83, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485596

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC)-based gene therapy (GT) requires the collection of a large number of cells. While bone marrow (BM) is the most common source of HSPCs in pediatric donors, the collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) is an attractive alternative for GT. We present safety and efficacy data of a 10-year cohort of 45 pediatric patients who underwent PBSC collection for backup and/or purification of CD34+ cells for ex vivo gene transfer. Median age was 3.7 years and median weight 15.8 kg. After mobilization with lenograstim/plerixafor (n = 41) or lenograstim alone (n = 4) and 1-3 cycles of leukapheresis, median collection was 37 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg. The procedures were well tolerated. Patients who collected ≥7 and ≥13 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg in the first cycle had pre-apheresis circulating counts of at ≥42 and ≥86 CD34+ cells/µL, respectively. Weight-adjusted CD34+ cell yield was positively correlated with peripheral CD34+ cell counts and influenced by female gender, disease, and drug dosage. All patients received a GT product above the minimum target, ranging from 4 to 30.9 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg. Pediatric PBSC collection compares well to BM harvest in terms of CD34+ cell yields for the purpose of GT, with a favorable safety profile.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17473, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471195

RESUMO

As for all newly-emergent pathogens, SARS-CoV-2 presents with a relative paucity of clinical information and experimental models, a situation hampering both the development of new effective treatments and the prediction of future outbreaks. Here, we find that a simple virus-free model, based on publicly available transcriptional data from human cell lines, is surprisingly able to recapitulate several features of the clinically relevant infections. By segregating cell lines (n = 1305) from the CCLE project on the base of their sole angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) mRNA content, we found that overexpressing cells present with molecular features resembling those of at-risk patients, including senescence, impairment of antibody production, epigenetic regulation, DNA repair and apoptosis, neutralization of the interferon response, proneness to an overemphasized innate immune activity, hyperinflammation by IL-1, diabetes, hypercoagulation and hypogonadism. Likewise, several pathways were found to display a differential expression between sexes, with males being in the least advantageous position, thus suggesting that the model could reproduce even the sex-related disparities observed in the clinical outcome of patients with COVID-19. Overall, besides validating a new disease model, our data suggest that, in patients with severe COVID-19, a baseline ground could be already present and, as a consequence, the viral infection might simply exacerbate a variety of latent (or inherent) pre-existing conditions, representing therefore a tipping point at which they become clinically significant.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , COVID-19/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação para Cima , COVID-19/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Masculino , Modelos Biológicos , Modelos Teóricos , Caracteres Sexuais
13.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514596

RESUMO

Allogeneic haematopoietic-cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is a potentially curative therapy for high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) is usually associated with lower non-relapse mortality (NRM), higher relapse rate and similar overall-survival (OS) as myeloablative-conditioning (MAC). Fludarabine/treosulfan (FT) is a reduced-toxicity regimen with intense anti-leukaemia activity and a favourable toxicity profile. We investigated post-transplant outcomes in 1722 MDS patients following allo-HCT with FT (n = 367), RIC (n = 687) or MAC (n = 668). FT and RIC recipients were older than MAC recipients, median age 59, 59 and 51 years, respectively (P < 0·001) but other disease characteristics were similar. The median follow-up was 64 months (1-171). Five-year relapse rates were 25% (21-30), 38% (34-42) and 25% (22-29), after FT, RIC and MAC, respectively, (P < 0·001). NRM was 30% (25-35), 27% (23-30) and 34% (31-38, P = 0·008), respectively. Five-year OS was 50% (44-55), 43% (38-47), and 43% (39-47), respectively (P = 0·03). In multivariate analysis, FT was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR 0·55, P < 0·001) and better OS (HR 0·72, P = 0·01). MAC was associated with higher NRM (HR 1·44, P = 0·001). In conclusion, FT is associated with similar low relapse rates as MAC and similar low NRM as RIC, resulting in improved OS. FT may be the preferred regimen for allo-HCT in MDS.

14.
Metabolism ; 123: 154845, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364927

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Individuals with diabetes/stress hyperglycemia carry an increased risk for adverse clinical outcome in case of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether this risk is, at least in part, modulated by an increase of thromboembolic complications. METHODS: We prospectively followed 180 hospitalized patients with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to the Internal Medicine Units of San Raffaele Hospital. Data from 11 out of 180 patients were considered incomplete and excluded from the analysis. We analysed inflammation, tissue damage biomarkers, hemostatic parameters, thrombotic events (TEs) and clinical outcome according to the presence of diabetes/stress hyperglycemia. RESULTS: Among 169 patients, 51 (30.2%) had diabetes/stress hyperglycemia. Diabetes/stress hyperglycemia and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were associated with increased inflammation and tissue damage circulating markers, higher D-dimer levels, increased prothrombin time and lower antithrombin III activity. Forty-eight venous and 10 arterial TEs were identified in 49 (29%) patients. Diabetes/stress hyperglycemia (HR 2.71, p = 0.001), fasting blood glucose (HR 4.32, p < 0.001) and glucose variability (HR 1.6, p < 0.009) were all associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic complication. TEs significantly increased the risk for an adverse clinical outcome only in the presence of diabetes/stress hyperglycemia (HR 3.05, p = 0.010) or fasting blood glucose ≥7 mmol/L (HR 3.07, p = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Thromboembolism risk is higher among patients with diabetes/stress hyperglycemia and COVID-19 pneumonia and is associated to poor clinical outcome. In case of SARS-Cov-2 infection patients with diabetes/stress hyperglycemia could be considered for a more intensive prophylactic anticoagulation regimen.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/terapia , Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/diagnóstico , Hiperglicemia/etiologia , Hiperglicemia/terapia , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/terapia , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Front Oncol ; 11: 705568, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367991

RESUMO

Introduction: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation survivors are at a relevant risk of developing chronic GvHD (cGvHD), which importantly affects quality of life and increases morbidity and mortality. Early identification of patients at risk of cGvHD-related morbidity could represent a relevant tool to tailor preventive strategies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic power of immune reconstitution (IR) at cGvHD onset through an IR-based score. Methods: We analyzed data from 411 adult patients consecutively transplanted between January 2011 and December 2016 at our Institution: 151 patients developed cGvHD (median follow-up 4 years). A first set of 111 consecutive patients with cGvHD entered the test cohort while an additional consecutive 40 patients represented the validation cohort. A Cox multivariate model for OS (overall survival) in patients with cGvHD of any severity allowed the identification of six variables independently predicting OS and TRM (transplant-related mortality). A formula for a prognostic risk index using the ß coefficients derived from the model was designed. Each patient was assigned a score defining three groups of risk (low, intermediate, and high). Results: Our multivariate model defined the variables independently predicting OS at cGvHD onset: CD4+ >233 cells/mm3, NK <115 cells/mm3, IgA <0.43g/L, IgM <0.45g/L, Karnofsky PS <80%, platelets <100x103/mm3. Low-risk patients were defined as having a score ≤3.09, intermediate-risk patients >3.09 and ≤6.9, and high-risk patients >6.9. By ROC analysis, we identified a cut-off of 6.310 for both TRM and overall mortality.In the training cohort, the 6-year OS and TRM from cGvHD occurrence were 85% (95% CI, 70-92) and 13% (95% CI, 5-25) for low-risk, 64% (95% CI, 44-89) and 30% (95% CI, 15-47) for intermediate-risk, 26% (95% CI, 10-47), and 42% (95% CI, 19-63) for high-risk patients (OS p<0.0001; TRM p = 0.015).The validation cohort confirmed the model with a 6-year OS and TRM of 83% (95% CI, 48-96) and 8% (95% CI, 1-32) for low-risk, 78% (95% CI, 37-94) and 11% (95% CI, 1-41) for intermediate-risk, 37% (95% CI, 17-58), and 63% (95% CI, 36-81) for high-risk patients (OS p = 0.0075; TRM p = 0.0009). Conclusions: IR score at diagnosis of cGvHD predicts GvHD severity and overall survival. IR score may contribute to the risk stratification of patients. If confirmed in a larger and multicenter-based study, IR score could be adopted to identify patients at high risk and modulate cGvHD treatments accordingly in the context of clinical trial.

16.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397108

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this survey, conducted by the Gruppo Italiano per il Trapianto di Midollo Osseo (GITMO), was to evaluate the involvement of pharmacists in the haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) program in Italian adult and paediatric centres. METHODS: A 63-item online questionnaire was developed and sent to the Italian Transplant Programs on behalf of GITMO. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Overall, 54.7% of the Italian HSCT centres participated in the survey (88.5% adult, 7.7% paediatric, 3.8% mixed), of which 50% were in public hospitals and 50% affiliated with public universities. Just over 80% declared that a pharmacist is involved in the HSCT centre, and 86.5% reported the presence of a documentation system to signal of adverse events, accessible by physicians, nurses and pharmacists in 57.7%. Chemotherapy drugs were centralized in the pharmacy in 98.1% of HSCT centres, while parenteral nutrition was centralized in 55.8%. The use of off-label drugs was authorized by an internal committee and by the regional health authorities in 88.5% of the centres. On univariate analysis, few statistically significant differences were found on response frequencies between public hospitals and university centres or between HSCT centres performing only autologous stem cell transplantation versus other centres performing autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: This survey suggests that there is good collaboration between pharmacists and physicians and nurses in Italian HSCT transplantation centres. The enhancement of pharmacists dedicated to HSCT programs could improve some problems, for example, the centralization of parenteral nutrition.

17.
Andrology ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating testosterone levels have been found to be reduced in men with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection, COVID-19, with lower levels being associated with more severe clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess total testosterone levels and the prevalence of total testosterone still suggesting for hypogonadism at 7-month follow-up in a cohort of 121 men who recovered from laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and hormonal values were collected for all patients. Hypogonadism was defined as total testosterone ≤9.2 nmol/L. The Charlson Comorbidity Index was used to score health-significant comorbidities. Descriptive statistics and multivariable linear and logistic regression models tested the association between clinical and laboratory variables and total testosterone levels at follow-up assessment. RESULTS: Circulating total testosterone levels increased at 7-month follow-up compared to hospital admittance (p < 0.0001), while luteinizing hormone and 17ß-estradiol levels significantly decreased (all p ≤ 0.02). Overall, total testosterone levels increased in 106 (87.6%) patients, but further decreased in 12 (9.9%) patients at follow-up, where a total testosterone level suggestive for hypogonadism was still observed in 66 (55%) patients. Baseline Charlson Comorbidity Index score (OR 0.36; p = 0.03 [0.14, 0.89]) was independently associated with total testosterone levels at 7-month follow-up, after adjusting for age, BMI, and IL-6 at hospital admittance. CONCLUSIONS: Although total testosterone levels increased over time after COVID-19, more than 50% of men who recovered from the disease still had circulating testosterone levels suggestive for a condition of hypogonadism at 7-month follow-up. In as many as 10% of cases, testosterone levels even further decreased. Of clinical relevance, the higher the burden of comorbid conditions at presentation, the lower the probability of testosterone levels recovery over time.

18.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(8)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34439986

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the current study was to compare clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, and major outcomes of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia with COVID-associated hyperglycaemia or pre-existing diabetes. METHODS: A cohort of 176 adult patients with a diagnosis of pre-existing diabetes (n = 112) or COVID-associated hyperglycaemia (n = 55) was studied. RESULTS: Patients with COVID-associated hyperglycaemia had lower BMI, significantly less comorbidities, and higher levels of inflammatory markers and indicators of multi-organ injury than those with pre-existing diabetes. No differences between pre-existing diabetes and COVID-associated hyperglycaemia were evident for symptoms at admission, the humoral response against SARS-CoV-2, or autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase or interferon alpha-4. COVID-associated hyperglycaemia was independently associated with the risk of adverse clinical outcome, which was defined as ICU admission or death (HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.34-3.31; p = 0.001), even after adjustment for age, sex, and other selected variables associated with COVID-19 severity. Furthermore, at the same time, we documented a negative association (HR 0.661, 95% CI 0.43-1.02; p = 0.063) between COVID-associated hyperglycaemia to swab negativization. CONCLUSIONS: Recognizing hyperglycaemia as a specific clinical entity associated with COVID-19 pneumonia is relevant for early and appropriate patient management and close monitoring for the progression of disease severity.

19.
Front Immunol ; 12: 704110, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447374

RESUMO

Patients diagnosed with malignancy, neurological and immunological disorders, i.e., fragile patients, have been excluded from COVID-19 vaccine trials. However, this population may present immune response abnormalities, and relative reduced vaccine responsiveness. Here we review the limited current evidence on the immune responses to vaccination of patients with different underlying diseases. To address open questions we present the VAX4FRAIL study aimed at assessing immune responses to vaccination in a large transdisease cohort of patients with cancer, neurological and rheumatological diseases.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido/imunologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/imunologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4844, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381053

RESUMO

Acute leukemia relapsing after chemotherapy plus allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can be treated with donor-derived T cells, but this is hampered by the need for donor/recipient MHC-matching and often results in graft-versus-host disease, prompting the search for new donor-unrestricted strategies targeting malignant cells. Leukemia blasts express CD1c antigen-presenting molecules, which are identical in all individuals and expressed only by mature leukocytes, and are recognized by T cell clones specific for the CD1c-restricted leukemia-associated methyl-lysophosphatidic acid (mLPA) lipid antigen. Here, we show that human T cells engineered to express an mLPA-specific TCR, target diverse CD1c-expressing leukemia blasts in vitro and significantly delay the progression of three models of leukemia xenograft in NSG mice, an effect that is boosted by mLPA-cellular immunization. These results highlight a strategy to redirect T cells against leukemia via transfer of a lipid-specific TCR that could be used across MHC barriers with reduced risk of graft-versus-host disease.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD1/imunologia , Glicoproteínas/imunologia , Leucemia/imunologia , Lisofosfolipídeos/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Doadores de Tecidos , Animais , Apresentação do Antígeno , Antígenos CD1/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Leucemia/metabolismo , Leucemia/terapia , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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