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1.
Opt Lett ; 43(16): 3969-3972, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30106928

RESUMO

We report for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, graphene mode-locked operation of a femtosecond Alexandrite laser at 750 nm. A multipass-cavity configuration was employed to scale the output energy and to eliminate spectral/Q-switching instabilities. By using a monolayer graphene saturable absorber, mode locking could be obtained. With 5 W of pump at 532 nm, nearly transform-limited, 65 fs pulses with a time-bandwidth product of 0.319 were generated. The mode-locked laser operated at a pulse repetition rate of 5.56 MHz and produced 8 mW output power, corresponding to a pulse energy and peak power of 1.4 nJ and 22 kW, respectively. These experiments further show that graphene can be used to initiate mode locking at wavelengths as low as 750 nm.

2.
Opt Lett ; 43(6): 1315-1318, 2018 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29543280

RESUMO

We report, to the best of our knowledge, the shortest femtosecond pulses generated from a Kerr-lens mode-locked (KLM) Alexandrite laser operating near 750 nm. The Alexandrite gain medium was pumped with a continuous-wave (cw), 532 nm laser, and the performance of both the short and extended resonators was investigated. The use of an extended cavity eliminated the multi-wavelength spectral instabilities observed during the cw operation of the short cavity. Furthermore, since the repetition rate of the Alexandrite laser was reduced from 107 to 5.6 MHz, the resulting increase in the intracavity pulse energy provided enhanced Kerr nonlinearity and eliminated the Q-switching instabilities during mode-locked operation. The KLM MPC Alexandrite laser produced nearly transform-limited, 70 fs pulses at a pulse repetition rate of 5.6 MHz with only 1 W of pump power. The time-bandwidth product was further measured to be 0.331.

3.
J Biomed Opt ; 16(8): 085002, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21895310

RESUMO

Metal nanoparticles can be functionalized with biomolecules to selectively localize in precancerous tissues and can act as optical contrast enhancers for reflectance-based diagnosis of epithelial precancer. We carry out Monte Carlo (MC) simulations to analyze photon propagation through nanoparticle-labeled tissues and to reveal the importance of using a proper form of phase function for modeling purposes. We first employ modified phase functions generated with a weighting scheme that accounts for the relative scattering strengths of unlabeled tissue and nanoparticles. To present a comparative analysis, we repeat our MC simulations with simplified functions that only approximate the angular scattering properties of labeled tissues. The results obtained for common optical sensor geometries and biologically relevant labeling schemes indicate that the exact form of the phase function used as model input plays an important role in determining the reflectance response and approximating functions often prove inadequate in predicting the extent of contrast enhancement due to labeling. Detected reflectance intensities computed with different phase functions can differ up to ∼60% and such a significant deviation may even alter the perceived contrast profile. These results need to be taken into account when developing photon propagation models to assess the diagnostic potential of nanoparticle-enhanced optical measurements.


Assuntos
Epitélio/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Modelos Biológicos , Espalhamento de Radiação , Simulação por Computador , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Ouro , Luz , Método de Monte Carlo , Tamanho da Partícula , Fótons , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/química
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