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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(16): 160504, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124838

RESUMO

The characterization of quantum features in large Hilbert spaces is a crucial requirement for testing quantum protocols. In the continuous variable encoding, quantum homodyne tomography requires an amount of measurement that increases exponentially with the number of involved modes, which practically makes the protocol intractable even with few modes. Here, we introduce a new technique, based on a machine learning protocol with artificial neural networks, that allows us to directly detect negativity of the Wigner function for multimode quantum states. We test the procedure on a whole class of numerically simulated multimode quantum states for which the Wigner function is known analytically. We demonstrate that the method is fast, accurate, and more robust than conventional methods when limited amounts of data are available. Moreover, the method is applied to an experimental multimode quantum state, for which an additional test of resilience to losses is carried out.

2.
Opt Express ; 27(24): 35245-35256, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878697

RESUMO

Enzymes are essential to maintain organisms alive. Some of the reactions they catalyze are associated with a change in reagents chirality, hence their activity can be tracked by using optical means. However, illumination affects enzyme activity: the challenge is to operate at low-intensity regime avoiding loss in sensitivity. Here we apply quantum phase estimation to real-time measurement of invertase enzymatic activity. Control of the probe at the quantum level demonstrates the potential for reducing invasiveness with optimized sensitivity at once. This preliminary effort, bringing together methods of quantum physics and biology, constitutes an important step towards full development of quantum sensors for biological systems.


Assuntos
Luz , Teoria Quântica , beta-Frutofuranosidase/metabolismo , Lasers , Fótons , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzimologia
3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(23): 230502, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868431

RESUMO

Introducing quantum sensors as a solution to real world problems demands reliability and controllability outside of laboratory conditions. Producers and operators ought to be assumed to have limited resources readily available for calibration, and yet, they should be able to trust the devices. Neural networks are almost ubiquitous for similar tasks for classical sensors: here we show the applications of this technique to calibrating a quantum photonic sensor. This is based on a set of training data, collected only relying on the available probe states, hence reducing overhead. We found that covering finely the parameter space is key to achieving uncertainties close to their ultimate level. This technique has the potential to become the standard approach to calibrate quantum sensors.

4.
Opt Lett ; 44(1): 41-44, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645543

RESUMO

In this work, we demonstrate the use of stimulated emission tomography to characterize a hyperentangled state generated by spontaneous parametric downconversion in a cw-pumped source. In particular, we consider the generation of hyperentangled states consisting of photon pairs entangled in polarization and path. These results extend the capability of stimulated emission tomography beyond the polarization degree of freedom and demonstrate the use of this technique to study states in higher dimension Hilbert spaces.

5.
Opt Lett ; 43(16): 4045-4048, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30106948

RESUMO

The simplicity of a question, such as wondering whether or not correlations characterize a certain system, collides with the experimental difficulty of accessing such information. Here we present a low-demanding experimental approach that refers to the use of a metrology scheme to obtain a conservative estimate of the strength of frequency correlations. Our test bed is the widespread case of a photon pair produced per downconversion. The theoretical architecture used to put the correlation degree on a quantitative ground is also described.

6.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 17122, 2017 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29215056

RESUMO

We introduce a novel diagnostic scheme for multipartite networks of entangled particles, aimed at assessing the quality of the gates used for the engineering of their state. Using the information gathered from a set of suitably chosen multiparticle Bell tests, we identify conditions bounding the quality of the entangled bonds among the elements of a register. We illustrate the effectiveness of our proposal by characterizing a quantum resource engineered combining two-photon hyperentanglement and photonic-chip technology. Our approach opens up future studies on medium-sized networks due to the intrinsically modular nature of cluster states, and paves the way to section-by-section analysis of larger photonics resources.

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