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1.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 10(10)2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680801

RESUMO

Enterococcus faecalis is a common cause of biofilm-associated opportunistic infections, which are often difficult to treat. The formation of E. faecalis biofilms on the dentinal walls of the root canal is frequently the cause of endodontic treatment failure and secondary apical periodontitis. In a preliminary work, two recognized antifungal peptides, KP and L18R, showed antibacterial activity against planktonic E. faecalis cells at micromolar concentrations. Moreover, L18R proved to reduce the biomass in the early stage of E. faecalis biofilm development on polystyrene plates, while a qualitative biofilm inhibition was demonstrated on hydroxyapatite disks by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The aim of this study was to better characterize the effect of both peptides on E. faecalis biofilm. A reduction in metabolic activity after peptide treatment was detected by Alamar Blue assay, while a remarkable impairment in the architecture of E. faecalis biofilms on hydroxyapatite disks, along with a significant reduction in viable bacteria, was caused mostly by L18R, as assessed by CLSM and scanning electron microscopy. The lack of cytotoxicity of the investigated peptides against L929 murine fibroblasts was also determined. Obtained results suggest L18R as a promising candidate for the development of new strategies for endodontic infection control.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(20)2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681564

RESUMO

The synthetic peptide T11F (TCRVDHRGLTF), with sequence identical to a fragment of the constant region of human IgM, and most of its alanine-substituted derivatives proved to possess a significant candidacidal activity in vitro. In this study, the therapeutic efficacy of T11F, D5A, the derivative most active in vitro, and F11A, characterized by a different conformation, was investigated in Galleria mellonella larvae infected with Candida albicans. A single injection of F11A and D5A derivatives, in contrast with T11F, led to a significant increase in survival of larvae injected with a lethal inoculum of C. albicans cells, in comparison with infected animals treated with saline. Peptide modulation of host immunity upon C. albicans infection was determined by hemocyte analysis and larval histology, highlighting a different immune stimulation by the studied peptides. F11A, particularly, was the most active in eliciting nodule formation, melanization and fat body activation, leading to a better control of yeast infection. Overall, the obtained data suggest a double role for F11A, able to simultaneously target the fungus and the host immune system, resulting in a more efficient pathogen clearance.

3.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(9)2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564659

RESUMO

Possible implications and applications of the yeast killer phenomenon in the fight against infectious diseases are reviewed, with particular reference to some wide-spectrum killer toxins (KTs) produced by Wickerhamomyces anomalus and other related species. A perspective on the applications of these KTs in the medical field is provided considering (1) a direct use of killer strains, in particular in the symbiotic control of arthropod-borne diseases; (2) a direct use of KTs as experimental therapeutic agents; (3) the production, through the idiotypic network, of immunological derivatives of KTs and their use as potential anti-infective therapeutics. Studies on immunological derivatives of KTs in the context of vaccine development are also described.

4.
Microorganisms ; 9(8)2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34442858

RESUMO

Chronic wound infections represent an important health problem due to the reduced response to antimicrobial treatment of the pathogens organized in structured biofilms. This study investigated the effects of the previously described antifungal peptide L18R against three representative wound pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans. The antimicrobial activity of L18R was evaluated (i) against single planktonic microbial populations; (ii) on single, dual, and triadic species of biofilms in both the early stage and mature stage; and (iii) in the polymicrobial Lubbock chronic wound biofilm (LCWB) model, mimicking spatial microbial colonization. This study used the evaluation of CFUs, biofilm biomass detection, and confocal and scanning electron microscopy analysis. L18R showed a significant antimicrobial activity against planktonic microorganisms and was able to differentially reduce the biomass of monomicrobial biofilms. No reduction of biomass was observed against the polymicrobial biofilm. In mature LCWB, L18R caused a moderate reduction in total CFU number, with a variable effect on the different microorganisms. Microscopy images confirmed a predominant presence of P.aeruginosa and a lower percentage of C. albicans cells. These findings suggest a modulating action of L18R and recommend further studies on its potential role in chronic wound management in association with conventional antibiotics or alternative treatments.

5.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(6)2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072802

RESUMO

It has been previously demonstrated that synthetic antibody-derived peptides could exert a significant activity in vitro, ex vivo, and/or in vivo against microorganisms and viruses, as well as immunomodulatory effects through the activation of immune cells. Based on the sequence of previously described antibody-derived peptides with recognized antifungal activity, an in silico analysis was conducted to identify novel antifungal candidates. The present study analyzed the candidacidal and structural properties of in silico designed peptides (ISDPs) derived by amino acid substitutions of the parent peptide KKVTMTCSAS. ISDPs proved to be more active in vitro than the parent peptide and all proved to be therapeutic in Galleria mellonella candidal infection, without showing toxic effects on mammalian cells. ISDPs were studied by circular dichroism spectroscopy, demonstrating different structural organization. These results allowed to validate a consensus sequence for the parent peptide KKVTMTCSAS that may be useful in the development of novel antimicrobial molecules.

6.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(2)2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578728

RESUMO

The previously described decapeptide AKVTMTCSAS (killer peptide, KP), derived from the variable region of a recombinant yeast killer toxin-like anti-idiotypic antibody, proved to exert a variety of antimicrobial, antiviral, and immunomodulatory activities. It also showed a peculiar self-assembly ability, likely responsible for the therapeutic effect in animal models of systemic and mucosal candidiasis. The present study analyzed the biological and structural properties of peptides derived from KP by substitution or deletion of the first residue, leaving unchanged the remaining amino acids. The investigated peptides proved to exert differential in vitro and/or in vivo anti-Candida activity without showing toxic effects on mammalian cells. The change of the first residue in KP amino acidic sequence affected the conformation of the resulting peptides in solution, as assessed by circular dichroism spectroscopy. KP-derivatives, except one, were able to induce apoptosis in yeast cells, like KP itself. ROS production and changes in mitochondrial transmembrane potential were also observed. Confocal and transmission electron microscopy studies allowed to establish that selected peptides could penetrate within C. albicans cells and cause gross morphological alterations. Overall, the physical and chemical properties of the first residue were found to be important for peptide conformation, candidacidal activity and possible mechanism of action. Small antimicrobial peptides could be exploited for the development of a new generation of antifungal drugs, given their relative low cost and ease of production as well as the possibility of devising novel delivery systems.

7.
Microorganisms ; 9(1)2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435157

RESUMO

Mycoses still represent relevant opportunistic infections worldwide, although overshadowed in recent years by other severe and more widespread infections. Moreover, deep-seated mycoses are often accompanied by unacceptably high mortality rates. Etiologic agents include endogenous components of the mycobiota, Candida and Malassezia species above all, and exogenous species, both yeasts and filamentous fungi. Old and new fungal pathogens are increasingly characterized by resistance to the existing antifungal agents, making imperative the search for effective and safe new therapeutics. Among the candidate molecules proposed in recent decades, synthetic peptides derived from the complementarity determining and constant regions of diverse antibodies (Abs), as well as the translated products of Ab-encoding genes, have proved of considerable interest. Their anti-infective activities, regardless of the specificity and isotype of the originating Ab, will be briefly presented and discussed in the light of their different mechanisms of action. Intriguing suggestions on the possible function of Abs after their half-life will be presented, following the recent detection, in human serum, of an antimicrobial Ab-derived peptide. Overall, Abs could represent a source of biologically active, highly flexible peptides, devoid of detectable toxicity, which can be easily synthesized and manipulated to be used, alone or in association with already available drugs, for new anti-infective strategies.

8.
Microorganisms ; 8(10)2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096923

RESUMO

The growing problem of antimicrobial resistance highlights the need for alternative strategies to combat infections. From this perspective, there is a considerable interest in natural molecules obtained from different sources, which are shown to be active against microorganisms, either alone or in association with conventional drugs. In this paper, peptides with the same sequence of fragments, found in human serum, derived from physiological proteins, were evaluated for their antifungal activity. A 13-residue peptide, representing the 597-609 fragment within the albumin C-terminus, was proved to exert a fungicidal activity in vitro against pathogenic yeasts and a therapeutic effect in vivo in the experimental model of candidal infection in Galleria mellonella. Studies by confocal microscopy and transmission and scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that the peptide penetrates and accumulates in Candida albicans cells, causing gross morphological alterations in cellular structure. These findings add albumin to the group of proteins, which already includes hemoglobin and antibodies, that could give rise to cryptic antimicrobial fragments, and could suggest their role in anti-infective homeostasis. The study of bioactive fragments from serum proteins could open interesting perspectives for the development of new antimicrobial molecules derived by natural sources.

9.
Metabolites ; 10(8)2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781584

RESUMO

The detection of salivary molecules associated with pathological and physiological alterations has encouraged the search of novel and non-invasive diagnostic biomarkers for oral health evaluation. While genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic profiles of human saliva have been reported, its metabolic composition is a topic of research: metabolites in submandibular/sublingual saliva have never been analyzed systematically. In this study, samples of whole, parotid, and submandibular/sublingual saliva from 20 healthy donors, without dental or periodontal diseases, were examined by nuclear magnetic resonance. We identified metabolites which are differently distributed within the three saliva subtypes (54 in whole, 49 in parotid, and 36 in submandibular/sublingual saliva). Principal component analysis revealed a distinct cluster for whole saliva and a partial overlap for parotid and submandibular/sublingual metabolites. We found exclusive metabolites for each subtype: 2-hydroxy-3-methylvalerate, 3-methyl-glutarate, 3-phenylpropionate, 4-hydroxyphenylacetate, 4-hydroxyphenyllactate, galactose, and isocaproate in whole saliva; caprylate and glycolate in submandibular/sublingual saliva; arginine in parotid saliva. Salivary metabolites were classified into standard and non-proteinogenic amino acids and amines; simple carbohydrates; organic acids; bacterial-derived metabolites. The identification of a salivary gland-specific metabolic composition in healthy people provides the basis to invigorate the search for salivary biomarkers associated with oral and systemic diseases.

10.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 6(2)2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083438

RESUMO

The aim of the study is to test the application of different laser wavelengths, with and without different photosensitizing dyes on different types of cultures. Laser irradiation was realized on Streptococcus mutans in both solid and liquid culture media in continuous mode at three different fluences (10, 20, and 30 J/cm2) with a red diode (650 nm) with toluidine blue dye, a blue-violet diode (405 nm) with curcumin dye, and a green diode (532 nm) with erythrosine dye. Without a photosensitizer, no growth inhibition was obtained with the red diode at any fluence value. Inhibition rates of 40.7% and 40.2% were obtained with the blue diode and green diode. The blue diode laser used with curcumin obtained results in terms of growth inhibition up to 99.26% at a fluence of 30 J/cm2. The red diode laser used with toluidine blue obtained results in terms of growth inhibition up to 100% at fluences of 20 and 30 J/cm2. The KTP (potassium-titanyl-phosphate) laser used with erythrosine was able to determine a complete growth inhibition (100%) at the different fluence values. The combination of a laser and its proper color may dramatically change the results in terms of bactericidal effect. It will be interesting to confirm these data by further in vivo studies.

11.
Laser Ther ; 28(3): 180-186, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009731

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to test the application in vitro of different laser wavelengths at a low fluence in combination or not with proper photosensitizing dyes on Candida albicans biofilm with or without a synthetic killer decapeptide (KP). Candida albicans SC5314 was grown on Sabouraud dextrose agar plates at 37°C for 24 h. Cells were suspended in RPMI 1640 buffered with MOPS and cultured directly on the flat bottom of 96-wells plates. The previously described killer decapeptide KP was used in this study. Three different combinations of wavelengths and dyes were applied, laser irradiation has been performed at a fluence of 10 J/cm2. The effect on C. albicans biofilm was evaluated by the XTT assay. Microscopic observations were realized by fluorescence optic microscopy with calcofluor white and propidium iodide. Compared with control, no inhibition of C. albicans biofilm viability was obtained with application of red, blue and green lasers alone or with any combination of red diode laser, toluidine blue and KP. The combined application of blue diode laser with curcumin and/or KP showed always a very significant inhibition, as curcumin alone and the combination of curcumin and KP did, while combination of blue diode laser and KP gave a less significant inhibition, the same obtained with KP alone. The combined application of green diode laser with erythrosine and/or KP showed always a very significant inhibition, as the combination of erythrosine and KP did, but no difference was observed with respect to the treatment with erythrosine alone. Again, combination of green diode laser and KP gave a significant inhibition, although paradoxically lower than the one obtained with KP alone. Treatment with KP alone, while reducing biofilm viability did not cause C. albicans death in the adopted experimental conditions. On the contrary, combined treatment with blue laser, curcumin and KP, as well as green laser, erythrosine and KP led to death most C. albicans cells. The combination of laser light at a fluence of 10 J/cm2 and the appropriate photosensitizing agent, together with the use of KP, proved to exert differential effects on C. albicans biofilm.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(12)2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30487461

RESUMO

The synthetic peptide T11F (TCRVDHRGLTF), derived from the constant region of human IgM antibodies, proved to exert a significant activity in vitro against yeast strains, including multidrug resistant isolates. Alanine substitution of positively charged residues led to a decrease in candidacidal activity. A more dramatic reduction in activity resulted from cysteine replacement. Here, we investigated the conformational properties of T11F and its alanine-substituted derivatives by circular dichroism (CD) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Peptide interaction with Candida albicans cells was studied by confocal and scanning electron microscopy. T11F and most of its derivatives exhibited CD spectra with a negative band around 200 nm and a weaker positive band around 218 nm suggesting, together with NMR coupling constants, the presence of a polyproline II (PPII) helix, a conformational motif involved in a number of biological functions. Analysis of CD spectra revealed a critical role for phenylalanine in preserving the PPII helix. In fact, only the F11A derivative presented a random coil conformation. Interestingly, the loss of secondary structure influenced the rate of killing, which turned out to be significantly reduced. Overall, the obtained results suggest that the PPII conformation contributes in characterising the cell penetrating and fungicidal properties of the investigated peptides.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/química , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/química , Fungicidas Industriais/química , Peptídeos/química , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/farmacologia , Dicroísmo Circular , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Peptídeos/farmacologia
14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 11: 969-979, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30046246

RESUMO

Background: A peptide of 2,733 Da named SP-E, previously isolated from pig saliva and already described for its antifungal activity and absence of toxicity against mammalian cells, is characterized by a high content of proline residues (70% of entire sequence), that confer structural features probably related to peptide activity. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of SP-E against Gram-negative bacteria, including drug-resistant clinical isolates. Methods: SP-E and shorter fragments of the same peptide were tested in vitro against the selected bacteria by colony forming unit assays. Scanning electron microscopy and confocal microscopy were also applied. SP-E potential therapeutic activity was evaluated in vivo in a Galleria mellonella model of bacterial infection. Results: SP-E proved to be active against the tested bacteria with EC50 values in the micro-molar range. Though maintaining antibacterial properties, the shorter peptides showed lower activity in respect to the parental molecule. Kinetics of killing action and nonmembranolytic internalization within Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells strongly suggested a cytosolic mechanism of action involving one or more intracellular molecular targets. A single injection of SP-E exerted a therapeutic effect in G. mellonella larvae infected with P. aeruginosa. Conclusion: The biological properties of SP-E strongly back this peptide as a new promising multitasking antimicrobial molecule.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 753, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731744

RESUMO

The killer peptide KP is a synthetic decapeptide derived from the sequence of the variable region of a recombinant yeast killer toxin-like microbicidal single-chain antibody. KP proved to exert significant activities against diverse microbial and viral pathogens through different mechanisms of action, but little is known of its effect on apicomplexan protozoa. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of KP against Toxoplasma gondii, a globally widespread protozoan parasite of great medical interest. The effect of KP treatment and its potential mechanism of action on T. gondii were evaluated by various methods, including light microscopy, quantitative PCR, flow cytometry, confocal microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. In the presence of KP, the number of T. gondii tachyzoites able to invade Vero cells and the parasite intracellular proliferation were significantly reduced. Morphological observation and analysis of apoptotic markers suggested that KP is able to trigger an apoptosis-like cell death in T. gondii. Overall, our results indicate that KP could be a promising candidate for the development of new anti-Toxoplasma drugs with a novel mechanism of action.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(4)2018 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29642388

RESUMO

In cells derived from several types of cancer, a transcriptional program drives high consumption of glutamine (Gln), which is used for anaplerosis, leading to a metabolic addiction for the amino acid. Low or absent expression of Glutamine Synthetase (GS), the only enzyme that catalyzes de novo Gln synthesis, has been considered a marker of Gln-addicted cancers. In this study, two human cell lines derived from brain tumors with oligodendroglioma features, HOG and Hs683, have been shown to be GS-negative. Viability of both lines depends from extracellular Gln with EC50 of 0.175 ± 0.056 mM (Hs683) and 0.086 ± 0.043 mM (HOG), thus suggesting that small amounts of extracellular Gln are sufficient for OD cell growth. Gln starvation does not significantly affect the cell content of anaplerotic substrates, which, consistently, are not able to rescue cell growth, but causes hindrance of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and protein synthesis attenuation, which is mitigated by transient GS expression. Gln transport inhibitors cause partial depletion of intracellular Gln and cell growth inhibition, but do not lower cell viability. Therefore, GS-negative human oligodendroglioma cells are Gln-auxotrophic but do not use the amino acid for anaplerosis and, hence, are not Gln addicted, exhibiting only limited Gln requirements for survival and growth.


Assuntos
Glutamato-Amônia Ligase/deficiência , Glutamina/metabolismo , Oligodendroglioma/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Glutamato-Amônia Ligase/genética , Glutamato-Amônia Ligase/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
17.
Toxins (Basel) ; 10(2)2018 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29401638

RESUMO

The isolation and characterization from the sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus of a Wickerhamomyces anomalus yeast strain (Wa1F1) displaying the killer phenotype was recently reported. In the present work, the killer toxin (KT) produced by Wa1F1 was purified and characterized, and its antimicrobial activity in vitro was investigated against fluconazole- susceptible and -resistant clinical isolates and laboratory strains of Candida albicans and C. glabrata displaying known mutations. Wa1F1-KT showed a differential killing ability against different mutant strains of the same species. The results may be useful for the design of therapeutic molecules based on Wa1F1-KT and the study of yeast resistance mechanisms.


Assuntos
Toxinas Biológicas , Leveduras , Animais , Dípteros/microbiologia , Farmacorresistência Fúngica , Fluconazol/farmacologia , Toxinas Biológicas/biossíntese , Toxinas Biológicas/farmacologia , Leveduras/efeitos dos fármacos , Leveduras/metabolismo
18.
Intervirology ; 61(4): 166-173, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30654366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: New antivirals are needed to supplement or replace currently used drugs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiviral activity of synthetic peptides derived from physiological proteins. METHODS: Vero cell monolayers were infected with herpes simplex virus 1, vesicular stomatitis virus, adenovirus, and coxsackievirus B5 strains in the presence of different concentrations of the selected peptides and viral yield was determined by plaque reduction assays to evaluate the antiviral activity of the peptides. Virucidal activity was evaluated by determining the residual infectivity of viral suspensions treated for 1 h with the peptides at the same concentrations as in the viral yield assays. RESULTS: Among the investigated peptides, the killer peptide proved to exert a considerable antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus, attributable to a direct effect on virus particles, while its derivative K10S showed to be effective against the four investigated virus strains only at the highest concentration tested, yet, the inhibitory effects were only partial. CONCLUSION: Overall, initial evidence is provided on the antiviral activity of several peptides, as well as of their derivatives. Further investigation is warranted to ascertain the mechanism of action in order to develop new potential antiviral drugs.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Adenoviridae/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Chlorocebus aethiops , Enterovirus Humano B/efeitos dos fármacos , Herpesvirus Humano 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/genética , Células Vero , Vesiculovirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Carga Viral , Ensaio de Placa Viral
19.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 10896, 2017 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28883642

RESUMO

Evidence from previous works disclosed the antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-tumour and/or immunomodulatory activity exerted, through different mechanisms of action, by peptides expressed in the complementarity-determining regions or even in the constant region of antibodies, independently from their specificity and isotype. Presently, we report the selection, from available databases, of peptide sequences encoded by immunoglobulin genes for the evaluation of their potential biological activities. Synthetic peptides representing the translated products of J lambda and J heavy genes proved to act in vitro against pathogenic fungi, entering yeast cells and causing their death, and exerted a therapeutic effect in a Galleria mellonella model of infection by Candida albicans. No haemolytic, cytotoxic and genotoxic effects were observed on mammalian cells. These findings raise the hypothesis that antibodies could be the evolutionary result of the adaptive combination of gene products ancestrally devoted to innate antimicrobial immunity.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/metabolismo , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungos/fisiologia , Imunoglobulinas/metabolismo , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/toxicidade , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Lepidópteros , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 18: 34-38, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28130177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on photodynamic inactivation against microorganisms had a great development in recent years. The aim of this work was to test the application of different laser wavelengths with or without different photosensitizing dyes on Candida albicans cells in vitro and in photodynamic therapy protocols in vivo in larvae of Galleria mellonella. METHODS: Laser application was realized on C. albicans cells suspended in saline solution or cultured on solid medium for the in vitro study, and in a model of G. mellonella candidal infection for the in vivo study. Three wavelengths (650, 405, and 532nm) were used in continuous mode with different values of applied fluences: 10, 20 and 30J/cm2 for the in vitro study and 10J/cm2 for the in vivo study, without and with photosensitizing dyes. RESULTS: No growth inhibition was obtained on yeast cells in saline solution without photosensitizers. The maximum inhibition of growth (100%) was obtained with 405nm diode laser and curcumin at any used fluence. No growth inhibition was observed for yeast cells cultured on solid medium after laser application without dyes. An inhibition was observed after laser application when curcumin and erythrosine were added to the medium. The survival curves of G. mellonella larvae infected with C. albicans with or without the different dyes and after laser application showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.001) in comparison with the proper control groups. CONCLUSIONS: These results show the efficacy of photodynamic inactivation exploiting a suitable combination of light and dyes against C. albicans and the potential of photodynamic therapy for the treatment of candidal infections.


Assuntos
Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes/administração & dosagem , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/microbiologia , Mariposas/efeitos dos fármacos , Mariposas/microbiologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Animais , Candida albicans/fisiologia , Candida albicans/efeitos da radiação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Desinfecção/métodos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Iluminação/métodos , Mariposas/efeitos da radiação , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem
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