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3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

4.
Echocardiography ; 36(7): 1273-1281, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Speckle tracking advancements make now available the analysis of layer-specific myocardial deformation. This study investigated multilayer longitudinal strain in Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) patients at diagnosis. METHODS: In a case-control study, 33 newly diagnosed, untreated AFD patients and 33 healthy age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent a complete echocardiogram, including assessment of left ventricular (LV) transmural global longitudinal strain (GLS), subendocardial longitudinal strain (LSsubendo), subepicardial longitudinal strain (LSsubepi), and strain gradient (LSsubendo-LSsubpepi). RESULTS: Anderson-Fabry disease patients had similar blood pressure, heart rate, and ejection fraction but higher body mass index in comparison with controls. LV mass index, maximal, and relative wall thickness were significantly greater in AFD patients. LSsubendo was significantly higher than LSsubepi in both groups, but GLS (P < 0.0001), LSsubendo (P = 0.003), and particularly LSsubepi (21.4 ± 1.7 vs 18.8 ± 1.4%, P < 0.0001) were lower in AFD patients than in controls. Accordingly, LS gradient was higher in AFD patients (P = 0.003). Three patients symptomatic for dyspnoea presented a combination of LV hypertrophy and reduced LSsubepi. After adjusting for confounders by multivariate analyses, LV mass index or maximal wall thickness were independently and inversely associated with transmural GLS and LSsubepi, but not with LSsubendo in the AFD group. At receiver operating curve curves, LSsubepi best discriminated AFD and normals. CONCLUSIONS: In newly diagnosed, untreated AFD patients, layer-specific strain imaging highlights an impairment of LV longitudinal deformation, mainly involving subepicardial strain and causing increase in longitudinal strain myocardial gradient. These findings could be useful for identifying the mechanisms underlying early LV dysfunction in AFD patients.

6.
Eur Heart J ; 40(26): 2142-2151, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098611

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the frequency, clinical features, and prognostic implications of cardiac arrest (CA) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the records of patients with CA and known heart rhythm from the International Takotsubo Registry. The main outcomes were 60-day and 5-year mortality. In addition, predictors of mortality and predictors of CA during the acute TTS phase were assessed. Of 2098 patients, 103 patients with CA and known heart rhythm during CA were included. Compared with patients without CA, CA patients were more likely to be younger, male, and have apical TTS, atrial fibrillation (AF), neurologic comorbidities, physical triggers, and longer corrected QT-interval and lower left ventricular ejection fraction on admission. In all, 57.1% of patients with CA at admission had ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia, while 73.7% of patients with CA in the acute phase had asystole/pulseless electrical activity. Patients with CA showed higher 60-day (40.3% vs. 4.0%, P < 0.001) and 5-year mortality (68.9% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.001) than patients without CA. T-wave inversion and intracranial haemorrhage were independently associated with higher 60-day mortality after CA, whereas female gender was associated with lower 60-day mortality. In the acute phase, CA occurred less frequently in females and more frequently in patients with AF, ST-segment elevation, and higher C-reactive protein on admission. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac arrest is relatively frequent in TTS and is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality. Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters independently predicted mortality after CA.

10.
Int J Cardiol ; 286: 117-120, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30954286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most frequent cardiac congenital valvular disease. Although the BAV risk of first degree relatives (FDR) has been assessed (7-9%), there is little information as to the heritable risk for aortopathy. OBJECTIVE: Identify the specific risk for regional aortopathy in FDR with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) of BAV patients according to their aortic phenotype and aortic regurgitation (AR). METHODS: Using an international consortium, BAV probands were assessed for aortopathy of the root, ascending aorta and for AR. Aortopathy was defined by the presence of segmental dilatation. The presence of segmental aortopathy and AR in BAV probands was evaluated as predictor for aortopathy in FDR with TAV. RESULTS: We identified 74 FDR related to 49 probands with aortopathy and 66 FDR related to 31 probands without aortopathy. Demographic variables were similar between proband groups. Among FDR, 16 individuals had BAV (11.4%). TAV-FDR of probands with ascending aortopathy had higher incidence of root aortopathy (18.8% vs. 3.6% p < 0.05) while TAV-FDR of probands with root aortopathy had higher incidence of aortopathy at all aortic segments (55%vs25%, 55%vs21%, and 4%vs29% at annulus, root and ascending respectively, p < 0.05 for all). Independent predictors for root aortopathy in TAV-FDR were: ascending (OR = 6.23;95%CI:1.27-30.5) and root aortopathy (OR = 9.00;95%CI:1.58-51.1) in probands; and for ascending aortopathy: root aortopathy (OR = 4.04;95%CI:1.33-12.3) and AR in probands (OR = 4.84; 95%CI:1.75-13.4). CONCLUSION: Root and ascending aortopathy in BAV probands are strong predictors of aortopathy in their TAV-FDR. AR in BAV patients has an independent effect on the risk for ascending aortopathy in TAV-FDR.

11.
Acta Cardiol ; : 1-9, 2019 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute heart syndrome characterised by reversible ventricular dysfunction with the absence of significant coronary occlusion, which typically occurs in postmenopausal women after emotional or physical stress. Differences of clinical or instrumental characteristics between fertile women and postmenopausal women with TTS have not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in clinical, biochemical and echocardiographic characteristics between postmenopausal women and fertile women with TTS. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-one patients (mean age 67.8 ± 11.3 years; 14 patients were still fertile) from four different Italian hospitals were enrolled, partially retrospectively and partial longitudinally. Physical examination, clinical history (including presenting symptoms and triggering stress factors), laboratory and ECG findings and Doppler echocardiography were collected at hospital admission. Echocardiography was repeated at discharge (after at least seven days from admission). RESULTS: No significant differences were observed considering trigger events or symptoms at presentation. Significant differences were observed considering left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) (37.9 ± 14.4% in fertile women, 43.9 ± 9.7% in postmenopausal women, p = .033) and regional wall motion abnormalities. The apical ballooning pattern was predominant in postmenopausal women, instead the midventricular type was mainly observed in fertile women (36% versus 1% in fertile versus postmenopausal women respectively, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Echocardiographic involvement of left ventricle is atypical in fertile women compared to women in menopause (midventricular versus apical ballooning, respectively). Moreover, the young group presented with worse LVEF but they had the same LV function at discharge and similar prognosis.

12.
Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes ; 5(3): 202-207, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957862

RESUMO

AIMS: The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) EURObservational Research Programme (EORP) European Endocarditis (EURO-ENDO) registry aims to study the care and outcomes of patients diagnosed with infective endocarditis (IE) and compare findings with recommendations from the 2015 ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines for the management of IE and data from the 2001 Euro Heart Survey. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (n = 3116) aged over 18 years with a diagnosis of IE based on the ESC 2015 IE diagnostic criteria were prospectively identified between 1 January 2016 and 31 March 2018. Individual patient data were collected across 156 centres and 40 countries. The primary endpoint is all-cause mortality in hospital and at 1 year. Secondary endpoints are 1-year morbidity (all-cause hospitalization, any cardiac surgery, and IE relapse), the clinical, epidemiological, microbiological, and therapeutic characteristics of patients, the number and timing of non-invasive imaging techniques, and adherence to recommendations as stated in the 2015 ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines for the management of IE. CONCLUSION: EURO-ENDO is an international registry of care and outcomes of patients hospitalized with IE which will provide insights into the contemporary profile and management of patients with this challenging disease.

13.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(7): 1231-1240, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30815808

RESUMO

Diastolic dysfunction (DD) and left ventricular remodeling (LVR) characterize patients at risk for heart failure (HF). To assess the prognostic impact of different diastolic function algorithms and a complex LVR classification (CRC) in asymptomatic subjects with preserved ejection fraction (EF) at risk for HF. We analyzed 1923 asymptomatic patients (male 43%; age 57, 33-76 years) with at least one cardiovascular risk factor and preserved (> 50%) EF. We used three algorithms for LV diastolic function assessment (Paulus et al. in Eur Heart J 28(20):2539-2550, 2007; Nagueh et al. in J Am Soc Echocardiogr 22(2):107-133, 2009, Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 17(12):1321-1360, 2016), and two algorithms for LVR (classic and CRC). We considered a composite end-point: cardiac death and hospitalization for HF. The highest presence of DD was diagnosed by Nagueh 2009 (211, 11%), while the prevalence according to Nagueh 2016 (63 patients, 3.2%) turned out to be the lowest (p < 0.001 vs the other algorithms). According to CRC, 780 (48.6%) patients had normal or physiologic hypertrophy, 298 (15.5%) concentric remodeling, 85 (4.4%) eccentric remodeling, 294 (15.3%) concentric hypertrophy, 39 (2%) mixed hypertrophy, 80 (4.1%) dilated hypertrophy, 73 (3.7%) eccentric hypertrophy and 294 (15.3%) were unclassifiable. After 39-month follow-up (261 events, 13.6%), Cox-regression (adjusted for age, gender, history of stable ischemic heart disease, classic remodeling classification) identified CRC (p = 0.01) and Nagueh 2016 (p < 0.001) as independent predictors of end-point. The coexistence of an adverse LVR by CRC and DD by Nagueh 2016 was associated with the worst prognosis. A concurrent structural (CRC) and functional (Nagueh Op. Cit) analysis improves prognostic stratification in asymptomatic subjects at risk for HF with preserved EF.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Doenças Assintomáticas , Diástole , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
14.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(6): 781-789, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30714660

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the long-term outcome of patients with Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) and severely reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF ≤ 35%) at presentation. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population included 326 patients (mean age 69.5 ± 10.7 years, 28 male) with TTS enrolled in the Takotsubo Italian Network, divided into two groups according to LVEF (≤ 35%, n = 131; > 35%, n = 195), as assessed by transthoracic echocardiography at hospital admission. In-hospital events were recorded in both groups. At long-term follow-up (median 26.5 months, interquartile range 18-33), composite major adverse cardiac events (MACE: cardiac death, acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and TTS recurrence) and rehospitalization were investigated. Compared to patients with LVEF > 35%, patients with LVEF ≤ 35% were older (71.2 ± 10.8 vs. 68.4 ± 10.6 years; P = 0.026) and experienced more frequently cardiogenic shock (16% vs. 4.6%; P < 0.001), acute heart failure (28.2% vs. 12.8%; P = 0.001), and intra-aortic balloon pump support (11.5% vs. 2.6%; P = 0.001) in the acute phase. At long-term follow-up, higher rates of composite MACE (25.2% vs. 10.8%; P = 0.001) and rehospitalization for cardiac causes (26% vs. 13.3%; P = 0.004) were observed in these patients. LVEF ≤ 35% at admission [hazard ratio (HR) 2.184, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.231-3.872; P = 0.008] and age (HR 1.041, 95% CI 1.011-1.073; P = 0.006) were independent predictors of MACE. Patients with LVEF ≤ 35% also had a significant lower freedom from composite MACE during long-term follow-up (χ2 = 11.551, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 35% at presentation is a key parameter to identify TTS patients at higher risk not only in the acute phase but also at long-term follow-up.

15.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2019 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30761483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictors of outcome in patients with de novo diagnosis of heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) are poorly known. METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive HFrEF patients admitted between October 2012 and November 2017 with their first episode of HF were scheduled for an outpatient follow-up. After 3 months, patients with confirmed HFrEF underwent Iodine-123 Meta-Iodobenzylguanidine imaging. We defined three study endpoints: HF rehospitalization, cardiac death and all-cause death. Eighty-four patients were enrolled. During follow-up (39.9 ± 18.6 months) HF rehospitalization occurred in 33 cases, cardiac death in 18 and all-cause death in 24. At multivariate analysis, systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (sPAP; HR: 1.047; p = .027) and Late lung to heart ratio (L/H; HR: 1.341; p < .001) independently predict HF rehospitalization; left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV; HR: 1.016; p = .017), sPAP (HR: 1.064; p = .034) and Late L/H (HR: 1.323; p = .009) were predictors of cardiac death; LVESV (HR: 1.013; p = .018) and Late L/H (HR: 1.245; p = .012) were independent predictors of all-cause death. Kaplan-Meier analysis of the individual predictors confirmed their prognostic ability during follow-up; of note, the Late L/H cut-off of 1.1 improved the risk stratification capability of echocardiographic parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Late L/H independently predicts HF rehospitalization, cardiac death and all-cause death in patients with de novo diagnosis of HFrEF and improves the prognostic stratification capability of conventional echocardiographic parameters.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 278: 76-83, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30686335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate risk stratification of patients with Ebstein's anomaly (EA) is crucial. Aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of echocardiography, including 2D speckle tracking (STE) derived myocardial deformation indices, for predicting outcome in pediatric and young adult unrepaired EA patients. METHODS: Fifty consecutive EA patients (1 day-18 years, 52% males) underwent echocardiography and were followed for a mean follow-up of 60 ±â€¯41 months for clinical outcome (ventricular tachyarrhythmia, heart failure, need for surgery and/or death). Clinical and instrumental features of EA patients with stable disease were compared with those of EA patients with progressive disease. RESULTS: Twenty-four (48%) EA patients had progressive disease. A more severe grade of tricuspid valve (TV) displacement [59.7 mm/m2 (IQR 27.5-83) vs 28.4 mm/m2 (IQR 17.5-47); p = 0.002], a lower functional right ventricle (RV) fractional area change (FAC) (29.2 ±â€¯7.7% vs 36.7 ±â€¯9.6%; p = 0.004), a higher Celermajer index [0.8 (IQR 0.7-0.98) vs 0.55 (IQR 0.4-0.7); p = 0.000], a lower functional RV-longitudinal strain (-10.2 ±â€¯6.2% vs -16.2 ±â€¯7.3%; p = 0.003) and a lower right atrium peak systolic strain (RA-PALS) (25.2 ±â€¯13.5% vs 36.3 ±â€¯12.5%; p = 0.004) were detected in progressive disease group compared to stable one, respectively. Functional RV-FAC and RA-PALS were independent predictors of progressive disease at multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated for the first time the prognostic role of RV-FAC and RA-PALS in a long-term follow-up of EA young patients. A complete echocardiographic evaluation should be regular part in the evaluation and risk-stratification of EA children.


Assuntos
Anomalia de Ebstein/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalia de Ebstein/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia/normas , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anomalia de Ebstein/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 86(6): 14-19, dic. 2018. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003232

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: Una plataforma de entrenamiento estandarizada ayuda a armonizar la lectura de la ecocardiografía de estrés (EE) más allá de las anormalidades en la motilidad parietal regional (AMPR) Objetivo: Armonizar los criterios de lectura del EE a través de diferentes laboratorios. Métodos: El laboratorio central preparó para los lectores de ecocardiografía un módulo obligatorio de 5 parámetros basado en la web de 2 horas de duración: AMPR; líneas B, reserva de la velocidad de flujo coronario (RVFC) evaluada mediante la velocidad pico del flujo diastólico en la arteria coronaria descendente anterior; reserva contráctil ventricular izquierda (RCVI, evaluada a partir de mediciones crudas del volumen de fin de sístole, VFS); y presión sistólica de la arteria pulmonar (basada en mediciones crudas de la velocidad del jet de regurgitación tricuspídea, VRT). La prueba de control de calidad consistió en 20 casos seleccionados por el centro coordinador. El umbral de aprobación determinado a priori fue de 18/20 (> 90%) con un coeficiente de correlación intraclase entre el laboratorio coordinador y el lector periférico > 0.90. Resultados: Ochenta y cuatro lectores completaron la certificación para las AMPR, 65 para las líneas B, 30 para la RVFC, 24 para el VFS y 20 para la VRT. El tiempo de lectura medio por intento fue más corto para la VRT (9 ± 4 min), la RVFC (13 ± 6 min) y las líneas B (17 ± 3 min), intermedio para el VFS (24 ± 7 min), y más prolongado para las AMPR (29 ± 12 min, p < 0.01). La tasa de acierto del primer intento fue más alta para la RVFC (85%), intermedia para la VRT (75%) y las líneas B (43%), menor para el VFS (35%) y más baja para las AMPR (28%, p < 0.01). Conclusiones: La plataforma de aprendizaje basada en la web mejora las habilidades de interpretación de imágenes sin necesidad de un equipamiento de imágenes costoso o de estudiar un paciente. El camino hacia la certificación es más largo para las AMPR, intermedio para el VFS y más corto para la VRT, la RVFC y las líneas B.


ABSTRACT Background: A standardized training platform helps to achieve reading harmonization in stress echocardiography (SE) beyond regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA). Objective: To harmonize SE reading criteria across different laboratories. Methods: The core lab prepared for readers an obligatory 2-hour web-based learning module for 5 parameters: RWMA; B-lines; coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) based on peak diastolic flow velocity on the left anterior descending coronary artery; left ventricular contractile reserve (LVCR, from raw measurementis of end-systolic volume, ESV); systolic arterial pulmonary pressure (from raw measurementis of peak tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity, TRV). The quality control test consisted of 20 cases selected by the coordinating center. The a priori determined pass threshold was 18/20 (>90%) with intra-class correla-tion coefficient between the coordinating lab and the peripheral reader >0.90. Resultis: The certification was completed by 84 readers for RWMA, 65 for B-lines, 30 for CFVR, 24 for ESV and 20 for TRV The mean reading time per attempt was shorter for TRV (9±4 min), CFVR (13±6 min) and B-lines (17±3 min), intermedi-ate for ESV (24±7 min), and longer for RWMA (29±12 min, p <0.01). The success rate of the first attempt was higher for CFVR (85%), intermediate for TRV (75%) and B-lines (43 %), lower for ESV (35%) and lowest for RWMA (28 %, p <0.01). Conclusions: A web-based learning platform improves image interpretation skills without need for expensive imaging equip-ment or a patient to scan. The road to certification is longer for RWMA, intermediate for ESV, and shorter for TRV, CFVR and B-lines.

20.
Int J Cardiol ; 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30360995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic predictors of outcome in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) undergoing MitraClip implantation (MCi) are still poorly known. The aim of our study is to identify the baseline predictors of outcome in FMR patients candidate to MCi. METHODS: All patients with symptomatic moderate-to-severe or severe FMR undergoing MCi at our institution were consecutively and prospectively enrolled. Baseline clinical and instrumental data were collected. Primary endpoint was the occurrence of cardiac death; secondary endpoints were all-cause death and the composite of cardiac death or rehospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: 74 patients (mean 71.6 ±â€¯8.3 years) were enrolled. During follow-up (median 416.0 days), the primary endpoint occurred in 15 (20.3%), all-cause death in 26 (35.1%) and the composite endpoint in 25 (33.8%). At multivariate analysis, the left atrial volume index (LAVi; HR:1.02; P = 0.048) and the low peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2; HR:0.73; P = 0.018) increased the risk of cardiac death at follow-up; atrial fibrillation (AF; HR:2.69; P = 0.027) was independently associated to all-cause death and the low level of peak VO2 was an independent predictor of overall mortality (HR:0.70; P < 0.001) as well as of the composite endpoint (HR:0.73; P < 0.001). The ROC analysis identified a peak VO2 cut-off of 10.0 mL/kg/min as the best predictor for the three study endpoints; the best LAVi cut-off for cardiac death was 67 mL/m2. Kaplan-Meier analysis for the individual and combined outcome predictors confirmed their significant stratification ability during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Peak VO2, along with LAVi and AF, identify FMR patients with the worst prognosis after MCi.

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