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1.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of apps measuring patient-reported outcomes (PROs) on patient-provider interaction in the rheumatic diseases in an observational setting. METHODS: Patients in the Swiss Clinical Quality Management in Rheumatic Diseases Registry were offered mobile apps (iDialog and COmPASS) to track disease status between rheumatology visits using validated PROs (Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index-5 score, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index score, Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data-3 score and Visual Analogue Scale score for pain, disease activity and skin symptoms). We assessed two aspects of patient-provider interaction: shared decision making (SDM) and physician awareness of disease fluctuations. We used logistic regressions to compare outcomes among patients who (1) used an app and discussed app data with their physician (app+discussion group), (2) used an app without discussing the data (app-only group) or (3) did not use any app (non-app users). RESULTS: 2111 patients were analysed, including 1799 non-app users, 150 app-only users and 162 app+discussion users (43% male; with 902 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 766 patients with axial spondyloarthritis and 443 patients with psoriatic arthritis). App users were younger than non-app users (mean age of 47 vs 51 years, p<0.001). Compared with non-app users, the app+discussion group rated their rheumatologist more highly in SDM (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.4) and physician awareness of disease fluctuations (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.3 to 3.1). This improvement was absent in the app-only group. CONCLUSION: App users who discussed app data with their rheumatologist reported more favourably on patient-provider interactions than app users who did not and non-app users. Apps measuring PROs may contribute little to patient-provider interactions without integration of app data into care processes.

2.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483748

RESUMO

AIMS: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting joints and blood vessels. Despite low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), RA patients exhibit endothelial dysfunction and are at increased risk of death from cardiovascular (CV) complications, but the molecular mechanism of action is unknown.We aimed in the present study to identify the molecular mechanism of endothelial dysfunction in a mouse model of RA and in patients with RA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine were reduced in aortae of two TNFα transgenic mouse lines with either mild (Tg3647) or severe (Tg197) forms of RA in a time- and severity-dependent fashion as assessed by organ chamber myograph. In Tg197, TNFα plasma levels were associated with severe endothelial dysfunction. LOX-1 receptor was markedly upregulated leading to increased vascular oxLDL uptake and NFκB-mediated enhanced Arg2 expression via direct binding to its promoter resulting in reduced NO bioavailability and vascular cGMP levels as shown by ELISA and chromatin immunoprecipitation. Anti-TNFα treatment with infliximab normalized endothelial function together with LOX-1 and Arg2 serum levels in mice. In RA patients, soluble LOX-1 serum levels were also markedly increased and closely related to serum levels of C-reactive protein. Similarly, ARG2 serum levels were increased. Similarly, anti-TNFα treatment restored LOX-1 and ARG2 serum levels in RA patients. CONCLUSIONS: Increased TNFα levels not only contribute to RA, but also to endothelial dysfunction by increasing vascular oxLDL content and activation of the LOX-1/NFκB/Arg2 pathway leading to reduced NO bioavailability and decreased cGMP levels. Anti-TNFα treatment improved both articular symptoms and endothelial function by reducing LOX-1, vascular oxLDL and Arg2 levels.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the predictive value of anti-carbamylated protein (anti-CarP) and anti-peptidyl-arginine deiminase type-3 (anti-PAD3) antibodies, alone or in combination with rheumatoid factors (RFs) and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), to identify patients at high risk of developing severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) outcomes. METHODS: Patients within the « Swiss Clinical Quality Management ¼ registry with a biobank sample were tested for RFs, ACPA, anti-CarP, and anti-PAD3 antibodies. We examined the association of each autoantibody with DAS28, HAQ and radiographic damage (Ratingen) at baseline and longitudinally. RESULTS: Analyses included 851 established RA patients and 516 disease controls [axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA = 320) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA = 196)]. Anti-CarP and anti-PAD3 antibodies were respectively present in 22.4% and 10.7% of the whole RA population, and in 13.2% and 3.8% of the RF and ACPA double seronegative patients. At baseline, RA patients with anti-PAD3 had higher DAS28 (4.2 vs 3.7; p = 0.005) and significantly more radiographic damage (14.9 vs 8.8; p = 0.02) than anti-PAD3 negative patients. In ACPA negative subgroup, baseline Ratingen scores were significantly higher in anti-PAD3 positive patients (p = 0.01). The combination of anti-PAD3, RF IgM, and ACPA was associated with significantly higher baseline radiographic scores than the double seropositive group (p = 0.04). The presence of any two of the previous autoantibodies was associated with significantly greater radiographic progression over 10 years than if all were absent (p = 0.02). There were no differences on RA outcome measures with regards to anti-CarP. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-PAD3 antibodies are associated with higher disease activity and joint damage scores in RA patients.

5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 233, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sex differences with regard to clinical manifestations and response to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) have been delineated for the radiographic form of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). More limited evidence for a differential effectiveness of treatment in genders exists for the nonradiographic disease state (nr-axSpA). The aim of the study was to compare demographics, clinical parameters, and response to TNFi in women versus men with nr-axSpA. METHODS: We compared disease characteristics of 264 women and 231 men with nr-axSpA at inclusion in the prospective Swiss Clinical Quality Management Cohort. Response to a first TNFi was assessed in 85 women and 78 men without diagnosed co-morbid fibromyalgia. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients achieving the 40% improvement in the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society criteria (ASAS40) at 1 year. Additional response outcomes were evaluated as secondary outcomes. Patients having discontinued TNFi were considered non-responders. Logistic regression analyses were adjusted for baseline differences, which might potentially mediate the effect of sex on treatment response. RESULTS: Compared to men, women had a longer diagnostic delay, a higher level of perceived disease activity, and more enthesitis and were in a lower percentage HLA-B27 positive. An ASAS40 response was achieved by 17% of women and 38% of men (OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.12, 0.93; p = 0.02). A significantly lower response rate in women was confirmed in the adjusted analysis (OR 0.19; 95% CI 0.05, 0.62; p = 0.009) as well as for the other outcomes assessed. CONCLUSION: Despite only few sex differences in patient characteristics in nr-axSpA, response rates to TNFi are significantly lower in women than in men.

6.
RMD Open ; 6(3)2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore 6-month and 12-month secukinumab effectiveness in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) overall, as well as across (1) number of previous biologic/targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (b/tsDMARDs), (2) time since diagnosis and (3) different European registries. METHODS: Real-life data from 13 European registries participating in the European Spondyloarthritis Research Collaboration Network were pooled. Kaplan-Meier with log-rank test, Cox regression, χ² and logistic regression analyses were performed to assess 6-month and 12-month secukinumab retention, inactive disease/low-disease-activity states (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) <2/<4, Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) <1.3/<2.1) and response rates (BASDAI50, Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) 20/40, ASDAS clinically important improvement (ASDAS-CII) and ASDAS major improvement (ASDAS-MI)). RESULTS: We included 1860 patients initiating secukinumab as part of routine care. Overall 6-month/12-month secukinumab retention rates were 82%/72%, with significant (p<0.001) differences between the registries (6-month: 70-93%, 12-month: 53-86%) and across number of previous b/tsDMARDs (b/tsDMARD-naïve: 90%/73%, 1 prior b/tsDMARD: 83%/73%, ≥2 prior b/tsDMARDs: 78%/66%). Overall 6-month/12-month BASDAI<4 were observed in 51%/51%, ASDAS<1.3 in 9%/11%, BASDAI50 in 53%/47%, ASAS40 in 28%/22%, ASDAS-CII in 49%/46% and ASDAS-MI in 25%/26% of the patients. All rates differed significantly across number of previous b/tsDMARDs, were numerically higher for b/tsDMARD-naïve patients and varied significantly across registries. Overall, time since diagnosis was not associated with secukinumab effectiveness. CONCLUSIONS: In this study of 1860 patients from 13 European countries, we present the first comprehensive real-life data on effectiveness of secukinumab in patients with axSpA. Overall, secukinumab retention rates after 6 and 12 months of treatment were high. Secukinumab effectiveness was consistently better for bionaïve patients, independent of time since diagnosis and differed across the European countries.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963052

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the transient reduction in rheumatology services imposed by virus containment measures during the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with disease worsening in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Patient-reported disease activity assessed during face-to-face visits and/or via a smartphone application were compared between three periods of each 2 months duration (before, during and after the COVID-19-wave) from January to June 2020 in 666 patients with axSpA, RA and PsA in the Swiss Clinical Quality Management cohort. RESULTS: The number of consultations dropped by 52%, whereas the number of remote assessments increased by 129%. The proportion of patients with drug non-compliance slightly increased during the pandemic, the difference reaching statistical significance in axSpA (19.9% vs 13.2% before the pandemic, p=0.003). The proportion of patients with disease flares remained stable (<15%). There was no increase in mean values of the Bath Ankylosing Disease Activity Index, the Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index-5 and the Patient Global Assessment in patients with axSpA, RA and PsA, respectively. CONCLUSION: A short interruption of in-person patient-rheumatologist interactions had no major detrimental impact on the disease course of axSpA, RA and PsA as assessed by patient-reported outcomes.

8.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To adapt the core strength endurance test battery (aCSE), previously used for testing athletes, to a target group of patients with axial spondylarthritis (axSpA), to evaluate its intra-tester reliability and its associations with disease-specific factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at axSpA exercise therapy groups, including both axSpA patients and the physiotherapist group leaders (PTs). The aCSE was used to measure the isometric strength endurance of the ventral, lateral, and dorsal core muscle chains (measured in seconds), as well as to assess the disease-specific factors of functional status, self-reported pain, and perceived strength performance. The aCSE was repeated after 7-14 days to measure intra-tester reliability for the same rater (PT group leader). Reliability was calculated as an intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) using a nested design. The associations between ventral, lateral, and dorsal strength endurance and the disease-specific factors were calculated using Pearson correlation coefficients. RESULTS: Study participants were 13 PT group leaders and 62 axSpA patients. The latter were all capable of performing the aCSE, with the exception of one individual. A moderate to substantial intra-rater reliability (ICCs (95%CI)) was found for the ventral (0.54 (0.35, 0.74)), lateral (0.52 (0.33, 0.70)), and dorsal (0.71 (0.58, 0.86)) core muscle chains. None of the aCSE measures correlated with the disease-specific factors. CONCLUSION: The aCSE was found to be a reliable test battery for assessing core strength endurance in axSpA patients. Interestingly, aCSE performance was not associated with any disease-specific factors. Key Points • The adapted core strength endurance test battery measures the isometric strength of the ventral, lateral and dorsal core muscle chains. • The adapted core strength endurance test battery showed a moderate to substantial intra-rater reliability for all three muscle chains tested in axSpA patients. • No correlations were found between the adapted core strength endurance test battery and the disease-specific factors of self-reported pain, functional status and perceived strength performance.

10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(11): 1423-1431, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As part of European League against Rheumatism (EULAR)/European Musculoskeletal Conditions Surveillance and Information Network, 20 user-focused standards of care (SoCs) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) addressing 16 domains of care were developed. This study aimed to explore gaps in implementation of these SoCs across Europe. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys on the importance, level of and barriers (patients only) to implementation of each SoC (0-10, 10 highest) were designed to be conducted among patients and rheumatologists in 50 European countries. Care gaps were calculated as the difference between the actual and maximum possible score for implementation (ie, 10) multiplied by the care importance score, resulting in care gaps (0-100, maximal gap). Factors associated with the problematic care gaps (ie, gap≥30 and importance≥6 and implementation<6) and strong barriers (≥6) were further analysed in multilevel logistic regression models. RESULTS: Overall, 26 and 31 countries provided data from 1873 patients and 1131 rheumatologists, respectively. 19 out of 20 SoCs were problematic from the perspectives of more than 20% of patients, while this was true for only 10 SoCs for rheumatologists. Rheumatologists in countries with lower gross domestic product and non-European Union countries were more likely to report problematic gaps in 15 of 20 SoCs, while virtually no differences were observed among patients. Lack of relevance of some SoCs (71%) and limited time of professionals (66%) were the most frequent implementation barriers identified by patients. CONCLUSIONS: Many problematic gaps were reported across several essential aspects of RA care. More efforts need to be devoted to implementation of EULAR SoCs.

11.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 38: 101818, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic conditions travel around the world more than ever. Only few studies have examined travel patterns and health outcomes of patients with rheumatic diseases during international travel. METHOD: We conducted a multi-centre prospective cohort study in Switzerland, in which we studied the immunogenicity and safety of vaccinations in patients with rheumatic diseases and travellers without rheumatic diseases (controls). Participants who travelled internationally received questionnaires 1 and 13 weeks post-travel. We compared travel patterns, risk behaviours, and travel-associated problems during and after the trips in both groups. RESULTS: 274 participants returned post-travel questionnaires (65 rheumatic patients, 209 controls). Controls more frequently travelled to subtropical/tropical destinations and stayed longer abroad. 64% of all participants experienced health problems during travel (74% rheumatic patients vs. 62% controls, P = 0.11). Pre-travel, patients reported a higher susceptibility to gastrointestinal infections . During travel, a higher percentage of rheumatic patients cancelled the day programme due to health problems (13% vs. 4%, P = 0.024). The main problems in rheumatic patients occurred due to the underlying rheumatic diseases, or were of psychological nature. Although not statistically significant, infectious disease symptoms (rhinitis, cough) occurred more frequently in controls. When only considering subtropical/tropical destinations, rheumatic patients more frequently had gastrointestinal problems during travel - and skin infections after the trip. CONCLUSIONS: This study does not support the notion that patients with rheumatic diseases should avoid international travel for an increased risk of infections. In patients with subtropical/tropical destinations, however, gastrointestinal problems may be increased during travel - and skin infections post-travel.

12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(9): 1203-1209, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare effectiveness of treatment with secukinumab (SEC) with that of alternative tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFis) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) after withdrawal from one or more TNFis. METHODS: Patients diagnosed as having axSpA in the Swiss Clinical Quality Management cohort were included if they had initiated SEC (n=106) or an alternative TNFi (n=284) after experiencing TNFi failure. Drug retention was investigated with matching weights propensity score (PS) analyses and multiple adjusted Cox proportional hazards models. Matching weights PS-based analyses and multiple-adjusted logistic regression analyses were used to assess the proportion of patients reaching 50% reduction in the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI50) at 1 year. RESULTS: SEC was more often used as third-line or later-line biological drug (76% vs 40% for TNFi). Patients starting SEC had higher BASDAI, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index and C reactive protein levels. A comparable risk of drug discontinuation was found for SEC versus TNFi (HR 1.14, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.68 in the PS-based analysis and HR 1.16, 95% CI 0.79 to 1.71 in the multiple-adjusted analysis). No significant difference in BASDAI50 responses at 1 year was demonstrated between the two modes of biological drug action, with CI of estimates being, however, wide (OR for SEC vs TNFi 0.76, 95% CI 0.26 to 2.18 and 0.78, 95% CI 0.24 to 2.48 in the PS-based and the covariate-adjusted model, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest a comparable effectiveness of SEC versus an alternative TNFi after prior TNFi exposure.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Suíça , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230268, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether spinal radiographic progression relates to structural damage at the sacroiliac level in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: Patients classified as nonradiographic (nr-) and radiographic (r-) axSpA in the Swiss Clinical Quality Management cohort with radiographs performed every 2 years, scored according to the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score (mSASSS), were included. The relationship between classification status and spinal progression during 2 years was investigated using binomial generalized estimating equations models with adjustment for sex, ankylosing spondylitis disease activity score (ASDAS) and tumour necrosis factor inhibitor treatment. Baseline spinal damage was considered an intermediate variable and included in sensitivity analyses. RESULTS: In total, 88 nr-axSpA and 418 r-axSpA patients contributed to data for 725 radiographic intervals. R-axSpA patients were more frequently male, had a longer disease duration and higher structural damage at baseline. Mean (SD) mSASSS change over 2 years was 0.16 (0.62) units in nr-axSpA and 0.92 (2.78) units in r-axSpA, p = 0.01. Nr-axSpA was associated with a significantly lower progression in 2 years (defined as an increase in ≥2 mSASSS units) in adjusted analyses (OR 0.33, 95%CI 0.13; 0.83), confirmed with progression defined as the formation of ≥1 syndesmophyte. Mediation analyses revealed that sacroiliitis exerted its effect on spinal progression indirectly by being associated with the appearance of a first syndesmophyte (OR 0.09, 95%CI 0.02; 0.36 for nr-axSpA vs r-axSpA). Baseline syndesmophytes were predictors of further progression. CONCLUSION: Spinal structural damage is mainly restricted to patients with r-axSpA, leading to relevant prognostic and therapeutic implications.


Assuntos
Radiografia/métodos , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia/normas , Espondilite Anquilosante/classificação
14.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(9): 2455-2461, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of 'patient's minus evaluator's global assessment of disease activity' (ΔPEG) at treatment initiation on retention and remission rates of TNF inhibitors (TNFi) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) patients across Europe. METHODS: Real-life data from PsA and axSpA patients starting their first TNFi from 11 countries in the European Spondyloarthritis Research Collaboration Network were pooled. Retention rates were compared by Kaplan-Meier analyses with log-rank test and by Cox regression, and remission rates by χ2 test and by logistic regression across quartiles of baseline ΔPEG, separately in female and male PsA and axSpA patients. RESULTS: We included 14 868 spondyloarthritis (5855 PsA, 9013 axSpA) patients. Baseline ΔPEG was negatively associated with 6/12/24-months' TNFi retention rates in female and male PsA and axSpA patients (P <0.001), with 6/12/24-months' BASDAI < 2 (P ≤0.002) and ASDAS < 1.3 (P ≤0.005) in axSpA patients, and with DAS28CRP(4)<2.6 (P ≤0.04) and DAPSA28 ≤ 4 (P ≤0.01), but not DAS28CRP(3)<2.6 (P ≥0.13) in PsA patients, with few exceptions on remission rates. Retention and remission rates were overall lower in female than male patients. CONCLUSION: High baseline patient's compared with evaluator's global assessment was associated with lower 6/12/24-months' remission as well as retention rates of first TNFi in both PsA and axSpA patients. These results highlight the importance of discordance between patient's and evaluator's perspective on disease outcomes.

16.
Joint Bone Spine ; 87(1): 57-62, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Measurements of disease activity, such as the clinical disease activity score (DAS28) or ultrasound (US) scores, often yield discordant results. This study's objectives were to determine the proportion of disagreements between the two assessment methods in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to describe factors associated with discrepancy in assessment. METHODS: All RA patients in the Swiss registry for inflammatory arthritides (SCQM) with at least one concomitant DAS28 and US score, were included. Disease activity was categorized as remission, low-to-moderate, and high, based on previously established cut-offs, for both the DAS28 and the US score. A longitudinal analysis was performed among patients who underwent at least two assessments. RESULTS: Of 2369 assessments included (1091 patients), 1196 (50.4%) were discordant. The US score both over- and under-estimated disease activity compared to the DAS28 score (23.5% and 26.8% respectively). Clinical and demographic factors significantly associated with discordant results were the individual components of the DAS28 score when US was used as the reference and age, disease duration, and the swollen joint count when the DAS28 was used as the reference. The main US-related factor associated with discordance was the presence of US tenosynovitis. In the longitudinal analysis of 1081 patients, the proportion of disagreements remained essentially unchanged. CONCLUSION: Rates of disagreement between clinical and US assessments of disease activity among RA patients are high and remain high during follow-up, even when the US assessors were aware of the clinical examination findings. Both clinical- and ultrasound- related factors were associated with discordances.

17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1536-1544, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study drug retention and response rates in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) initiating a first tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi). METHODS: Data from 12 European registries, prospectively collected in routine care, were pooled. TNFi retention rates (Kaplan-Meier statistics), Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) Inactive disease (<1.3), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) <40 mm and Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society responses (ASAS 20/40) were assessed at 6, 12 and 24 months. RESULTS: A first TNFi was initiated in 24 195 axSpA patients. Heterogeneity of baseline characteristics between registries was observed. Twelve-month retention was 80% (95% CI 79% to 80%), ranging from 71% to 94% across registries. At 6 months, ASDAS Inactive disease/BASDAI<40 rates were 33%/72% (LUNDEX-adjusted: 27%/59%), ASAS 20/40 response rates 64%/49% (LUNDEX-adjusted 52%/40%). In patients initiating first TNFi after 2009, 6097 patients was registered to fulfil ASAS criteria for axSpA, 2935 was registered to fulfil modified New York Criteria for Ankylosing Spondylitis and 1178 patients was registered as having non-radiographic axSpA. In nr-axSpA patients, we observed lower 12-month retention rates (73% (70%-76%)) and lower 6-month LUNDEX adjusted response rates (ASDAS Inactive disease/BASDAI40 20%/50%, ASAS 20/40 45%/33%). For patients initiating first TNFi after 2014, 12-month retention rate, but not 6-month response rate, was numerically higher compared with patients initiating TNFi in 2009-2014. CONCLUSION: A large European database of patients with axSpA initiating a first TNFi treatment in routine care, demonstrated that 27% of patients achieved ASDAS inactive disease after 6 months, while 59% achieved BASDAI <40. Four of five patients continued treatment after 1 year.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1545-1549, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with spondyloarthritis with radiographic sacroiliitis are traditionally classified according to the modified New York (mNY) criteria as ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and more recently according to the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) criteria as radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (r-axSpA). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the agreement between the mNY criteria for AS and the ASAS criteria for r-axSpA and reasons for disagreement. METHODS: Patients with back pain ≥3 months diagnosed as axSpA with radiographic sacroiliitis (mNY radiographic criterion) were selected from eight cohorts (ASAS, Esperanza, GESPIC, OASIS, Reuma.pt, SCQM, SPACE, UCSF). Subsequently, we calculated the percentage of patients who fulfilled the ASAS r-axSpA criteria within the group of patients who fulfilled the mNY criteria and vice versa in six cohorts with complete information. RESULTS: Of the 3882 patients fulfilling the mNY criteria, 93% also fulfilled the ASAS r-axSpA criteria. Inversely, of the 3434 patients fulfilling the ASAS r-axSpA criteria, 96% also fulfilled the mNY criteria. The main cause for discrepancy between the two criteria sets was the reported age at onset of back pain. CONCLUSION: Almost all patients with axSpA with radiographic sacroiliitis fulfil both ASAS and mNY criteria, which supports the interchangeable use of the terms AS and r-axSpA.


Assuntos
Radiografia/classificação , Reumatologia/normas , Sacroileíte/classificação , Espondilartrite/classificação , Espondilite Anquilosante/classificação , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sacroileíte/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Front Immunol ; 10: 791, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037071

RESUMO

Objectives: Most DAMPs in inflammatory diseases are TLR2- and TLR4-ligands and according to the current concept, repeated stimuli would result in tolerance. Aims of the study were to verify this assumption, to investigate whether epigenetic effectors are involved and to explore the situation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: A trained immunity (TI) and tolerance protocol was established using peripheral blood monocytes from healthy donors, ß-glucan and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The training or tolerance capacities of RA-relevant DAMPs were tested. Results: ß-Glucan-, oS100A4-, HMBG1-, and HSP90-pretreated monocytes showed increased IL-6 responses to LPS re-stimulation. ß-Glucan, oS100A and tenascin C induced training of monocytes to release more TNFα. In comparison to ß-glucan, most DAMPs tested induced less TI, with exception of oS100A4. Monocytes exposed to oS100A4 showed increased IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNFα in response to LPS, in spite that both stimulate TLR4. RNASEq upon ß-glucan or oS100A4 revealed similar changes in chemokines/cytokines and epigenetic effectors; 17 epigenetic effectors correlated with chemokine/cytokine gene expression; PRDM8 was associated with more chemokine and cytokine transcripts. Knockdown of PRDM8 abolished TI induced by oS100A4. In RA, plasma S100A4 correlated with increased CSF2, and increased PRDM8 transcription in RA monocytes was associated with increased plasma CCL5 and IL-6, as well as therapy-resistance. Conclusion: Bypass of tolerance by DAMPs might be a phenomenon as important as TI, since it could explain how chronic inflammation can be maintained in spite of an environment with multiple TLR2/TLR4-ligands. In RA monocytes, a PRDM8-dependent TI mechanism could be responsible for sustained chemokine/cytokines levels.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Memória Imunológica/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Proteína A4 de Ligação a Cálcio da Família S100/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia
20.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0216746, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare drug survival in patients with axial spondyloarthritis treated with different TNF inhibitors in standard dosage. METHODS: Patients fulfilling the Assessment in SpondyloArthritis international Society classification criteria for axial spondyloarthritis in the Swiss Clinical Quality Management cohort were included in this study if a first TNF inhibitor on standard dosage was started after recruitment and if a baseline visit was available. Drug maintenance up to drug discontinuation or dose escalation was compared between TNF inhibitors with multiple adjusted Cox proportional hazards models and multiple imputation for missing baseline covariate data. RESULTS: A total of 966 patients were included (adalimumab 344, etanercept 237, golimumab 214, infliximab 171). Patients on certolizumab (n = 18) were excluded. Patients starting golimumab had lower disease activity as well as better physical function and quality of life in comparison to patients starting another drug. A higher proportion of patients starting infliximab had a history of extra-articular manifestations. Drug dosage was more often escalated during follow-up in patients treated with infliximab than with subcutaneously administered agents. However, no significant differences in time up to drug discontinuation or dose escalation were observed in multiple adjusted analyses if treatment was initiated after 2009, when all 4 TNF inhibitors were available: hazard ratio for infliximab versus etanercept 1.16 (95% confidence interval 0.80; 1.67), p = 0.44, for golimumab versus etanercept 0.80 (0.58; 1.10), p = 0.17 and for adalimumab versus etanercept 0.93 (0.69; 1.26), p = 0.66. CONCLUSION: In axial spondyloarthritis, drug survival with standard doses of different TNF inhibitors is comparable.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Etanercepte/administração & dosagem , Infliximab/administração & dosagem , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/administração & dosagem
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