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Clin Biochem ; 73: 35-43, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247187


BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin (cTn) is a complex of three subunits (T, I, and C), with some studies reporting that ~5-10% is cytosolic and unbound ('free'). It has been hypothesized that free cTn is released before complex and before or without cell death dependent on the severity of ischemia. In this context, new generation assays that can discriminate free, binary (IC) and ternary (TIC) complex forms may aid to differentiate between type 1 myocardial infarction (MI) and cTn elevations due to different etiologies, e.g. demand ischemia and type 2 MI. METHODS: Serial plasma samples from six type 1 MI patients and twenty-seven patients with other cTnI elevations, e.g. due to demand ischemia and type 2 MI, were analyzed using high-sensitivity ET Healthcare Pylon assays for total cTnI, complex cTnI (IC and TIC), and cTnTIC. The specificity of the anti-cTnT antibody in the cTnTIC assay was such that only full-size cTnTIC is detected. In vitro stability of different cTnI forms was assessed by spiking free cTnI and cTnTIC in cTnI-free serum, incubating at 4 or 37 °C, and measuring different cTnI forms over 0-182 h. Presence of cytosolic free cTnI was evaluated on fixed rat cardiac tissue using an antibody against free cTnI. RESULTS: Pylon assays for total and complex cTnI tracked well over time with each other and gave similar results, both for type 1 MI and non-type 1 MI patients, indicating that the vast majority was complex cTnI. As a minority of complex cTnI was full-size cTnTIC, this indicated that complex cTnI mainly consisted of a degraded form of cTnTIC (low-molecular weight cTnTIC) and/or cTnIC. Full-size cTnTIC was more abundant in early compared to late samples. In vitro studies indicated that free cTnI and cTnTIC are not stable at 37 °C (28% and 11% recovery after 24 h, respectively) and this is also true to some extent for cTnTIC at 4 °C (60% recovery after 24 h). Free cTnI was not readily detected in rat cardiac tissue. CONCLUSIONS: In agreement with type 1 MI, cTnI in samples of patients with cTnI elevations due to other etiologies is found predominantly as complex cTnI, of which some is full-size cTnTIC. In most cases, assays for total and complex cTnI indicated there was little free cTnI; however, its presence cannot be completely excluded, due to the inability of its direct measurement and limited stability.

Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/classificação , Ratos , Ratos Nus