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2.
Clin Plast Surg ; 49(1): 1-11, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782128

RESUMO

Requiring both high-level technical skills and artistic sense, rhinoplasty continues to be one of the most challenging procedures in plastic surgery despite its popularity. A thorough preoperative consultation of the rhinoplasty patient forms the foundation of a successful case. During the consultation, the physician should obtain a detailed medical and nasal history, understand the patient's areas of concern, conduct a nasal analysis, and evaluate the patient's candidacy for surgery. This article reviews the key functional, esthetic, and psychosocial considerations that should be taken into account during a preoperative consultation for a rhinoplasty patient.


Assuntos
Rinoplastia , Cirurgia Plástica , Estética , Humanos , Nariz/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
3.
J Reconstr Microsurg ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Industry relationships and conflicts of interest can impact research funding, topics, and outcomes. Little research regarding the role of biomedical companies at microsurgery conferences is available. This study evaluates the role of industry at conferences by comparing payments received by speakers at the American Society for Reconstructive Microsurgeons (ASRM) meeting with those received by speakers at the American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (ASAPS) meeting, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) meeting, and an average plastic surgeon. It also compares payments made by different companies. METHODS: General payments received by speakers at the 2017 ASAPS, ASPS, and ASRM conferences were collected from the Open Payments Database. Mean payments received at each conference were calculated and the Mann-Whitney U test evaluated differences between conference speakers and the average plastic surgeon. The total amount of payments from each company was collected through the Open Payments Database, and Z-tests identified which companies paid significantly more than others. RESULTS: The mean (and median) general payments made to conference speakers at ASAPS (n = 75), ASPS (n = 247), and ASRM (n = 121) were $75,577 ($861), $27,562 ($1,021), and $16,725 ($652), respectively. These payments were significantly greater (p < 0.001 for all) than those of the average plastic surgeon ($4,441 and $327), but not significantly different from each other. Allergan contributed significantly more than other companies to speakers at ASPS and ASAPS, while LifeCell Corporation, Zimmer Biomet Holdings, and Axogen contributed significantly more to speakers at ASRM. CONCLUSION: Payments to physicians at ASRM were significantly higher than those of an average plastic surgeon but not significantly different from those of speakers at ASAPS and ASPS. Certain companies paid significantly more than their peers at each conference. Given these findings, speakers should strive to make clear the nature and extent of their conflicts of interest when presenting at conferences.

5.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 34(21): 3568-3573, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between operative vaginal delivery complications and provider experience (operative vaginal delivery volume and time since residency). METHODS: We included all operative vaginal deliveries between 2008 and 2014 at a tertiary care teaching hospital, stratified into forceps-assisted and vacuum-assisted deliveries. Complications included severe perineal lacerations (3rd and 4th degree) and neonatal injuries (subgaleal/subdural/cerebral hemorrhage, facial nerve injury, and scalp injury), which were identified by International Classification Diagnosis-9 codes. Providers were categorized by operative vaginal delivery volume (mean annual forceps- or vacuum-assisted deliveries over the study interval) and time since residency. Regression analyses were used to compare complication rates by provider volume and time since residency, adjusting for potential confounders, using 0-1 deliveries per year and <5 years since residency as reference groups. RESULTS: Nine hundred and thirty-four forceps and 1074 vacuums occurred. For forceps-assisted deliveries, severe perineal injury was decreased among providers with >10 forceps per year (aOR 0.50 [95%CI 0.30-0.81]) and at 15-19 years (aOR 0.45 [95% CI 0.22-0.94], and ≥25 years (aOR 0.45 [0.27-0.73]) since residency. There were no associations with neonatal injuries. Among vacuum-assisted deliveries, severe perineal injury decreased at ≥25 years since residency (aOR 0.35 [95%CI 0.17-0.74], with no association with provider volume. Neonatal injury decreased at 5-9 years (aOR 0.53 [95%CI 0.30-0.93]), and 15-19 years since residency (aOR 0.53 [95%CI 0.29-0.97]), due to differences in scalp injuries. Neonatal injuries other than scalp injury were rare. CONCLUSION: Severe perineal lacerations decreased with increasing operative vaginal delivery experience, primarily among forceps-assisted vaginal delivery. Providers >5 years since residency may have lower scalp injury with vacuums, but this cohort was largely underpowered for neonatal injury.


Assuntos
Lacerações , Vácuo-Extração , Estudos de Coortes , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lacerações/epidemiologia , Lacerações/etiologia , Forceps Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Períneo , Gravidez , Vácuo-Extração/efeitos adversos
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