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1.
J Urol ; : 101097JU0000000000000692, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821099

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to compare cancer detection rates (CDR) in patients who underwent MRI cognitive guided micro-ultrasound biopsy (MB) versus Robotic ultrasound-magnetic resonance imaging fusion biopsies (RFB) for prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 269 targeted biopsy procedures, 222 men underwent RFB and 47 MB. RFB was performed using the transperineal Artemis device (Eigen, Grass Valley, CA), while MB was performed transrectally through high resolution ExactVu™ system (Exact Imaging, Markham, Canada). Random biopsies were performed in addition to targeted biopsy in both modalities. PCa detection rates and concordance between random and target biopsies were also assessed. RESULTS: Groups were comparable regarding age, prostate-specific antigen, prostate volume and magnetic resonance PI-RADSv.2 score. MB group presented fewer biopsied cores in both random and target approaches. In targeted biopsies, MB patients presented higher detection of clinically significant disease (GS>6) than RFB group (38% vs. 23%, p=0.02). When considering PCa detection regardless of GS or PCa detection by random+target biopsies, no difference was found between the groups. However, on a per-core basis, overall PCa detection rates favoured MB patients in both random and targeted scenarios. In addition, the Prostate Risk Identification Using Micro-Ultrasound (PRI-MUS) score yielded by micro-ultrasound visualization was independently associated with improved CDR of clinically significant PCa (csPCa). CONCLUSIONS: In our initial experience, MB featured a higher csPCa detection rate in target cores than RFB, which was associated to target features in micro-ultrasound (PRI-MUS score). These findings reinforce the role of micro-ultrasound technology in targeted biopsies.

3.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(8): 825-830, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) Focal therapy appears to have encouraging oncologic outcomes and urinary and erectile function. The control of the treated area can be done using contrast enhanced ultrasound with sulfur hexafluoride (Sonovue®) at the end of the procedure. We report oncological and functional outcomes in HIFU focal therapy (FT) for prostate cancer (PCa) management using sonovue. METHODS: A total of 274 HIFU procedures were found in our registry in the period between June 2014 and July 2018. Prospective data of 59 consecutive patients after focal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) using Sonovue were collected. FT failure was defined as positive biopsy Gleason score (GS) ≥ 7 in- or out-field, local or systemic salvage treatment, PCa-metastasis or PCa-specific death. RESULTS: A total of 59 patients submitted to HIFU with median follow-up of 18 months were included in the analysis. Median age was 66.7 yr (IQR 59.1-74.3). Median preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was 7.6 ng/ml (IQR 5-10.2) and preoperative biopsies GS 6, 7(3+4), 7(4+3) were found in 26 (44%), 30 (50.8%) and 3 (5%), respectively. Failure was found in 16 (27.1%) patients. Failure-free survival (FFS) in 2 and 4yr was 83% and 74% respectively (Figure 1). No PCa-specific death was registered in the period of study. Median nadir PSA after FT was 2.67 ng/ml. Sexual potency was achieved in 75% of previous potent patients and urinary continence in 93.4% of patients at 3 months. Fourteen (23%) patients presented with complications. Four (6.7%) patients have presented complications grade 1 and 10 (16.9%) patients have presented complications grade 2. Six (10.1%) patients have presented acute urinary retention. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that the use of Sonovue after HIFU FT was safe. Patients present a significant proportion of failure after HIFU FT but with good functional outcomes and without incidence of severe complications.


Assuntos
Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Terapia de Salvação , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Urol ; : 101097JU0000000000000506, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437121

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We report oncologic outcomes in patients treated with focal therapy of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a single institution cohort of men with localized prostate cancer who received focal therapy using high intensity focused ultrasound or cryotherapy from 2009 to 2018. Focal therapy was offered for low or intermediate risk disease (prostate specific antigen less than 20 ng/ml, Gleason score 7 or less and clinical stage T2b or less). Patients with previous prostate cancer treatment or less than 6 months of followup were excluded from study. Failure was defined as local or systemic salvage treatment, a positive biopsy Gleason score of 7 or greater in field or out of field in nontreated patients, prostate cancer metastasis or prostate cancer specific death. Cox regression analysis was done to identify independent predictors of failure after focal therapy. RESULTS: Of the 309 patients included in study 190 and 119 were treated with high intensity focused ultrasound and cryotherapy, respectively. Median followup was 45 months. At 1, 3 and 5 years the failure-free survival rate was 95%, 67% and 54%, and the radical treatment free-survival rate was 99%, 79% and 67%, respectively. The 5-year metastasis-free survival rate was 98% and no prostate cancer specific death was registered in this cohort. Before focal therapy a biopsy Gleason score of 7 (3 + 4) or greater (HR 2.4, p <0.001) and nadir prostate specific antigen (HR 2.2, p <0.001) were independently associated with failed focal therapy. In the salvage focal therapy setting infield recurrence after primary focal therapy was associated with poorer failure-free survival (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Almost half of the men were free of focal therapy failure 5 years after treatment. Still, a significant proportion experienced recurrence at the midterm followup. The preoperative biopsy Gleason score and nadir prostate specific antigen were significantly associated with treatment failure.

5.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(1): eRC4504, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785473

RESUMO

Kaposi sarcoma is an angioproliferative disorder that ranges from a single indolent skin lesion to respiratory and gastrointestinal/visceral involvement. Kaposi sarcoma is rare in non-immunosuppressed patients. Nineteen cases of penile Kaposi sarcoma in HIV-negative patients were reported in 2012. We present the case report of a 48-year-old male patient with no previous medical history, who came to our urology clinic presenting a purple-color papule on the penis glans. Lab tests revealed negative serology for HIV, but tissue PCR was positive for human herpesvirus 8. Histopathology examination after lesion excision was compatible with Kaposi sarcoma. No other cutaneous or mucosal lesions were present. Primary Kaposi sarcoma of the penis is rare, but may occur in non-immunosuppressed patients.


Assuntos
Soronegatividade para HIV , Herpesvirus Humano 8/genética , Neoplasias Penianas/diagnóstico , Sarcoma de Kaposi/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
6.
Ther Adv Urol ; 11: 1756287218816595, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671139

RESUMO

Background: Low-dose aspirin use has been correlated with an increased risk of bleeding and overall complications in surgical and invasive diagnostic procedures. In this review, our aim was to analyze the current literature on whether robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is feasible and safe in patients taking low-dose aspirin perioperatively. Methods: A systematic review was performed identifying a total of 767 studies, published between January 2000 and September 2017, with five of these studies meeting the inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis, totalizing 1481 patients underwent RARP. Patients were divided into two groups: taking aspirin (group A) and those not taking aspirin (group B) perioperatively. Results: There were no significant differences between groups in the overall [group A 10.7% versus group B 15.7%, risk ratio (RR) 0.83; p = 0.45; I 2 = 0%] or major complication rates (group A 1% versus group B 3%, RR 0.98; p = 0.98; I² = 0%), rate of cardiovascular events (group A 1.4% and group B 0.5%, RR 2.06; p = 0.24; I 2 = 9%), blood loss (group A 278 ml versus group B 307 ml, SMD -0.12; p = 0.91; I 2 = 96%), or hospital length of stay [group A 4 days (3-5) and group B 4 days (3-4), SMD -0.09; p = 0.52; I² = 0%]. There was a slightly higher blood-transfusion rate in group A (2.6%) versus group B (1.6%) (RR, 5.05; p = 0.04; I 2 = 0%). Conclusion: Continued aspirin use in the perioperative period does not correlate with an increase in surgical morbidity, blood loss, or hospital length of stay. There was a slightly higher blood-transfusion rate in patients taking low-dose aspirin (group A) perioperatively.

7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(1): eRC4504, 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-984363

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Kaposi sarcoma is an angioproliferative disorder that ranges from a single indolent skin lesion to respiratory and gastrointestinal/visceral involvement. Kaposi sarcoma is rare in non-immunosuppressed patients. Nineteen cases of penile Kaposi sarcoma in HIV-negative patients were reported in 2012. We present the case report of a 48-year-old male patient with no previous medical history, who came to our urology clinic presenting a purple-color papule on the penis glans. Lab tests revealed negative serology for HIV, but tissue PCR was positive for human herpesvirus 8. Histopathology examination after lesion excision was compatible with Kaposi sarcoma. No other cutaneous or mucosal lesions were present. Primary Kaposi sarcoma of the penis is rare, but may occur in non-immunosuppressed patients.


RESUMO O sarcoma de Kaposi é uma doença angioproliferativa que varia de uma lesão cutânea indolente isolada ao envolvimento visceral respiratório e gastrintestinal. É raro em pacientes não imunossuprimidos. Dezenove casos de sarcoma de Kaposi de pênis em pacientes HIV negativos foram relatados em 2012. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, 48 anos, sem história pregressa, que se apresentou em nossa clínica urológica com pápula violeta na glande. Os testes de laboratório revelaram sorologia negativa para HIV, mas o PCR em tecido foi positivo para o herpesvírus humano 8. A histopatologia após a excisão da lesão foi compatível com sarcoma de Kaposi. Não existia outra lesão cutânea ou de mucosa. O sarcoma de Kaposi primário de pênis é raro, mas pode ocorrer em pacientes não imunossuprimidos.

8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1106-1113, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975665

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: Ultrasound-magnetic resonance imaging (US-MRI) fusion biopsy (FB) improves the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to compare the Gleason upgrading (GU) rates and the concordance of the Gleason scores in the biopsy versus final pathology after surgery in patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) systematic random biopsies (SRB) versus US-MRI FB for PCa. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of data that were collected prospectively from January 2011 to June 2016 from patients who underwent prostate biopsy and subsequent radical prostatectomy. The study cohort was divided into two groups: US-MRI FB (Group A) and TRUS SRB (Group B). US-MRI FB was performed in patients with a previous MRI with a focal lesion with a Likert score ≥3; otherwise, a TRUS SRB was performed. Results: In total, 73 men underwent US-MRI FB, and 89 underwent TRUS SRB. The GU rate was higher in Group B (31.5% vs. 16.4%; p=0.027). According to the Gleason grade pattern, GU was higher in Group B than in Group A (40.4% vs. 23.3%; p=0.020). Analyses of the Gleason grading patterns showed that Gleason scores 3+4 presented less GU in Group A (24.1% vs. 52.6%; p=0.043). The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a higher bias in Group B than in Group A (-0.27 [-1.40 to 0.86] vs. −0.01 [-1.42 to 1.39]). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictor of GU was the use of TRUS SRB (2.64 [1.11 - 6.28]; p=0.024). Conclusions: US-MRI FB appears to be related to a decrease in GU rate and an increase in concordance between biopsy and final pathology compared to TRUS SRB, suggesting that performing US-MRI FB leads to greater accuracy of diagnosis and better treatment decisions.

9.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(6): 1106-1113, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30325600

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ultrasound-magnetic resonance imaging (US-MRI) fusion biopsy (FB) improves the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to compare the Gleason upgrading (GU) rates and the concordance of the Gleason scores in the biopsy versus final pathology after surgery in patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) systematic random biopsies (SRB) versus US-MRI FB for PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data that were collected prospectively from January 2011 to June 2016 from patients who underwent prostate biopsy and subsequent radical prostatectomy. The study cohort was divided into two groups: US-MRI FB (Group A) and TRUS SRB (Group B). US-MRI FB was performed in patients with a previous MRI with a focal lesion with a Likert score ≥3; otherwise, a TRUS SRB was performed. RESULTS: In total, 73 men underwent US-MRI FB, and 89 underwent TRUS SRB. The GU rate was higher in Group B (31.5% vs. 16.4%; p=0.027). According to the Gleason grade pattern, GU was higher in Group B than in Group A (40.4% vs. 23.3%; p=0.020). Analyses of the Gleason grading patterns showed that Gleason scores 3+4 presented less GU in Group A (24.1% vs. 52.6%; p=0.043). The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a higher bias in Group B than in Group A (-0.27 [-1.40 to 0.86] vs. -0.01 [-1.42 to 1.39]). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictor of GU was the use of TRUS SRB (2.64 [1.11 - 6.28]; p=0.024). CONCLUSIONS: US-MRI FB appears to be related to a decrease in GU rate and an increase in concordance between biopsy and final pathology compared to TRUS SRB, suggesting that performing US-MRI FB leads to greater accuracy of diagnosis and better treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Eur J Radiol ; 100: 14-22, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience of our institution in image-guided renal nodules percutaneous cryoablation, evaluating demographic and technical aspects as well as efficacy, safety and follow up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study approved by our institutional review board. Seventy-one renal tumors evaluated in 60 patients treated with image guided percutaneous renal cryoablation from January 2009 to December 2015. No patient was excluded from study, even those who were lost on follow up. All the procedures were guided both by ultrasound and tomography. An argon and helium based cryoablation machine was used for all treatments. Hydrodissection was performed when the bowel or ureters were within 1 cm (iodinated contrast media in dextrose solution). Complications were assessed by the terminology criteria of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Patients were monitored and evaluated by ultrasound, tomography, MRI and/or PET-CT. RESULTS: In most procedures (91.9%) only one nodule was treated. Nodules had a median size of 1.6 cm. Most nodules (61,9%) were exophytic. Hydrodissection and retrograde warm pyeloperfusion were performed in most procedures. Among all variables evaluated in univariate analysis, nearness of nodule to collecting system and anterior/posterior location were significantly associated with PRCA complications. No other factor evaluated was significantly associated with complications. CONCLUSION: PRCA is solid alternative to traditional surgical therapies for treatment of small renal tumors in wide subset of patients. Medium term evidence shows excellent long-term oncological results, similar to nephrectomy, with minimal risk of major complications.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem , Rim/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Autops Case Rep ; 4(1): 39-44, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28652991

RESUMO

Testicular neoplasms are uncommon tumors of childhood. These tumors comprise the germ cell tumors, and other tumors that may originate from histological testicular components, which are unrelated to the germinal lineage. Among the latter are the sex cord-stromal tumors (SCST), an important entity in newborns. SCSTs comprise, among others, granulosa cell tumors, which are more common in the ovary, but in rare cases may develop in the testis. The prognosis is excellent since it is universally benign. Diagnosis, which is sometimes challenging, is usually made after orchiectomy and pathological examination, which is characterized by morphological features and positive expression of inhibin, calretinin, and vimentin, and negative for alpha-fetoprotein. The authors present the case of a newborn with a right enlarged testis detected during the first examination after birth. Ultrasonography showed a heterogeneous solid/cystic mass in the right testis, without retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy. A right inguinal orchiectomy was performed 21 hours after birth. Pathologic examination revealed a juvenile granulosa cell tumor of the right testicle. After 4 years of follow-up, as expected, the child presented an uneventful outcome.

12.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 67(5): 415-8, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22666782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Urinary lithiasis is a common disease. The aim of the present study is to assess the knowledge regarding the diagnosis, treatment and recommendations given to patients with ureteral colic by professionals of an academic hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five physicians were interviewed about previous experience with guidelines regarding ureteral colic and how they manage patients with ureteral colic in regards to diagnosis, treatment and the information provided to the patients. RESULTS: Thirty-six percent of the interviewed physicians were surgeons, and 64% were clinicians. Forty-one percent of the physicians reported experience with ureterolithiasis guidelines. Seventy-two percent indicated that they use noncontrast CT scans for the diagnosis of lithiasis. All of the respondents prescribe hydration, primarily for the improvement of stone elimination (39.3%). The average number of drugs used was 3.5. The combination of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids was reported by 54% of the physicians (i.e., 59% of surgeons and 25.6% of clinicians used this combination of drugs) (p = 0.014). Only 21.3% prescribe alpha blockers. CONCLUSION: Reported experience with guidelines had little impact on several habitual practices. For example, only 21.3% of the respondents indicated that they prescribed alpha blockers; however, alpha blockers may increase stone elimination by up to 54%. Furthermore, although a meta-analysis demonstrated that hydration had no effect on the transit time of the stone or on the pain, the majority of the physicians reported that they prescribed more than 500 ml of fluid. Dipyrone, hyoscine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and opioids were identified as the most frequently prescribed drug combination. The information regarding the time for the passage of urinary stones was inconsistent. The development of continuing education programs regarding ureteral colic in the emergency room is necessary.


Assuntos
Hidratação/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cólica Renal/terapia , Cálculos Ureterais/terapia , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos alfa/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Brasil/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia , Cólica Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Ureterais/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Autops Case Rep ; 2(1): 55-61, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528563

RESUMO

Sarcoma of the prostate and sarcomatoid carcinoma of the prostate are rare conditions, both characterized by a poor prognosis. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the prostate typically arises from the evolution of an underlying adenocarcinoma, occasionally featuring heterologous elements, bulky disease being possible but rare. In contrast, sarcoma of the prostate derives from non-epithelial mesenchymal components of the prostatic stroma, shows rapid growth, and frequently presents as massive pelvic tumors obstructing the urinary tract at the time of diagnosis. We report the case of a 55-year-old patient with a two-month history of symptoms of urinary obstruction. The patient presented with an extremely enlarged heterogeneous prostate, although his prostate-specific antigen level was low. The lack of a history of prostatic neoplasia led us to suspect sarcoma, and a transrectal prostate biopsy was carried out. An immunohistochemical study of the biopsy specimen did not confirm the clinical suspicion. However, in view of the clinical features, we believe that sarcoma of the prostate was the most likely diagnosis. The patient received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy. At this writing, surgical resection had yet to be scheduled.

14.
Clinics ; 67(5): 415-418, 2012. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-626334

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Urinary lithiasis is a common disease. The aim of the present study is to assess the knowledge regarding the diagnosis, treatment and recommendations given to patients with ureteral colic by professionals of an academic hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five physicians were interviewed about previous experience with guidelines regarding ureteral colic and how they manage patients with ureteral colic in regards to diagnosis, treatment and the information provided to the patients. RESULTS: Thirty-six percent of the interviewed physicians were surgeons, and 64% were clinicians. Forty-one percent of the physicians reported experience with ureterolithiasis guidelines. Seventy-two percent indicated that they use noncontrast CT scans for the diagnosis of lithiasis. All of the respondents prescribe hydration, primarily for the improvement of stone elimination (39.3%). The average number of drugs used was 3.5. The combination of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids was reported by 54% of the physicians (i.e., 59% of surgeons and 25.6% of clinicians used this combination of drugs) (p = 0.014). Only 21.3% prescribe alpha blockers. CONCLUSION: Reported experience with guidelines had little impact on several habitual practices. For example, only 21.3% of the respondents indicated that they prescribed alpha blockers; however, alpha blockers may increase stone elimination by up to 54%. Furthermore, although a meta-analysis demonstrated that hydration had no effect on the transit time of the stone or on the pain, the majority of the physicians reported that they prescribed more than 500 ml of fluid. Dipyrone, hyoscine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and opioids were identified as the most frequently prescribed drug combination. The information regarding the time for the passage of urinary stones was inconsistent. The development of continuing education programs regarding ureteral colic in the emergency room is necessary.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Hidratação/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cólica Renal/terapia , Cálculos Ureterais/terapia , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos alfa/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Brasil/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hospitais Universitários , Cólica Renal , Cálculos Ureterais
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