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3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(6): 713-714, Jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1022838

RESUMO

O objetivo primordial desse documento é estimular a melhoria das condições de saúde das mulheres brasileiras, com foco na doença cardiovascular (DCV). A DCV é responsável por 17,5 milhões de mortes prematuras/ano no mundo, com previsão de aumento para 23 milhões em 2030. As DCV são responsáveis por um terço de todas as mortes no Brasil, com semelhança entre homens e mulheres após a menopausa. Esses dados revestem-se de maior importância quando consideramos que 80% das mortes prematura. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Mulheres , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
4.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
5.
Respir Physiol Neurobiol ; 254: 32-35, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29673610

RESUMO

Reduction in inspiratory capacity (IC) during exercise has been reported in chronic heart failure (CHF). Since inspiratory muscle dysfunction may be present to a variable degree, the assumption that IC reduction during exercise represents an increase in end-expiratory lung volume must be made with caution. This interpretation is flawed if patients develop dynamic inspiratory muscle strength reduction, i.e., progressively lower esophageal (Pes) pressures as the IC maneuvers are repeated. Sixteen CHF patients and 9 age-matched controls performed an incremental exercise test with serial IC and respiratory pressure measurements. Regardless whether IC decreased or not with exercise (N = 4 and N = 12, respectively), Pes,IC remained stable. This was confirmed by similar Pes,sniff immediately upon exercise cessation (p > .05). No association was found between changes in IC and related Pes from rest to peak exercise. Owing to the lack of dynamic inspiratory muscle weakness, non-invasive indexes of lung mechanics can be reliably obtained from exercise IC in CHF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Capacidade Inspiratória , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Exercício/fisiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Capacidade Inspiratória/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Respiratória
6.
Physiol Rep ; 2(12)2014 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25501441

RESUMO

The main objective was to assess the effects of abdominal breathing (AB) versus subject's own breathing on femoral venous blood flow (Qfv) and their repercussions on central hemodynamics at rest and during exercise contrasting healthy subjects versus heart failure (HF) patients. We measured esophageal and gastric pressure (PGA), Qfv and parameters of central hemodynamics in eight healthy subjects and nine HF patients, under four conditions: subject's own breathing and AB ( ∆: PGA ≥ 6 cmH2O) at rest and during knee extension exercises (15% of 1 repetition maximum) until exhaustion. Qfv and parameters of central hemodynamics [stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO)] were measured using Doppler ultrasound and impedance cardiography, respectively. At rest, healthy subjects Qfv, SV, and CO were higher during AB than subject's breathing (0.11 ± 0.02 vs. 0.06 ± 0.00 L·min(-1), 58.7 ± 3.4 vs. 50.1 ± 4.1 mL and 4.4 ± 0.2 vs. 3.8 ± 0.1 L·min(-1), respectively, P ≤ 0.05). ∆SV correlated with ∆PGA during AB (r = 0.89, P ≤ 0.05). This same pattern of findings induced by AB was observed during exercise (SV: 71.1 ± 4.1 vs. 65.5 ± 4.1 mL and CO: 6.3 ± 0.4 vs. 5.2 ± 0.4 L·min(-1); P ≤ 0.05); however, Qfv did not reach statistical significance. The HF group tended to increase their Qfv during AB (0.09 ± 0.01 vs. 0.07 ± 0.03 L·min(-1), P = 0.09). On the other hand, unlike the healthy subjects, AB did not improve SV or CO neither at rest nor during exercise (P > 0.05). In healthy subjects, abdominal pump modulated venous return improved SV and CO at rest and during exercise. In HF patients, with elevated right atrial and vena caval system pressures, these findings were not observed.

7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(5): 434-441, nov. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-696882

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: A maioria dos estudos relatando o paradoxo da obesidade utiliza índice de massa corporal (IMC) para classificar obesidade. Dados avaliando o valor prognóstico de outras medidas indiretas de composição corporal são pouco explorados na insuficiência cardíaca (IC). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre IMC e outras medidas de composição corporal indiretas com risco de morte por todas as causas na IC. MÉTODOS: Parâmetros antropométricos de composição corporal foram avaliados em 344 pacientes ambulatoriais com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) < 50%, de uma coorte prospectiva seguida durante 30 ± 8,2 meses. A sobrevida foi avaliada por curvas de Kaplan-Meier e análise de regressão de risco proporcional de Cox. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes eram predominantemente do sexo masculino, de etiologia não-isquêmica e com disfunção sistólica do VE moderada a grave (FEVE média de 32 ± 9%). Prega cutânea tricipital (PCT) foi o único parâmetro antropométrico associado com prognóstico, com valores significativamente menores nos pacientes que morreram (p = 0,047). Uma PCT > 20 mm estava presente em 9% dos pacientes que morreram e em 22% dos vivos (p = 0,027). Na análise univariada, creatinina sérica, FEVE e classe funcional foram associadas ao risco de morte. Na regressão de Cox, PCT > 20 mm foi o preditor independente mais forte de mortalidade por qualquer causa (hazard ratio: 0,36; IC 95%: 0,13-0,97; p = 0,03). CONCLUSÃO: Embora IMC seja o parâmetro antropométrico mais utilizado na prática clínica, nossos resultados sugerem que PCT pode ser um melhor preditor de mortalidade em pacientes ambulatoriais com IC.


BACKGROUND: Most reports regarding the obesity paradox have focused on body mass index (BMI) to classify obesity and the prognostic values of other indirect measurements of body composition remain poorly examined in heart failure (HF). Objective: To evaluate the association between BMI and other indirect, but easily accessible, body composition measurements associated with the risk of all-cause mortality in HF. METHODS: Anthropometric parameters of body composition were assessed in 344 outpatients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of <50% from a prospective HF cohort that was followed-up for 30 ± 8.2 months. Survival was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. RESULTS: HF patients were predominantly male, of non-ischemic etiology, and had moderate to severe LV systolic dysfunction (mean LVEF = 32 ± 9%). Triceps skinfold (TSF) was the only anthropometric index that was associated with HF prognosis and had significantly lower values in patients who died (p = 0.047). A TSF > 20 mm was present in 9% of patients that died and 22% of those who survived (p = 0.027). Univariate analysis showed that serum creatinine level, LVEF, and NYHA class were associated with the risk of death, while Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that TSF > 20 was a strong independent predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio = 0.36; 95% confidence interval = 0.13-0.97, p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Although BMI is the most widely used anthropometric parameter in clinical practice, our results suggested that TSF is a better predictive marker of mortality in HF outpatients.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Massa Corporal , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Músculo Esquelético , Obesidade/complicações , Pregas Cutâneas , Braço , Composição Corporal , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 101(5): 434-41, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24029960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most reports regarding the obesity paradox have focused on body mass index (BMI) to classify obesity and the prognostic values of other indirect measurements of body composition remain poorly examined in heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between BMI and other indirect, but easily accessible, body composition measurements associated with the risk of all-cause mortality in HF. METHODS: Anthropometric parameters of body composition were assessed in 344 outpatients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of <50% from a prospective HF cohort that was followed-up for 30 ± 8.2 months. Survival was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. RESULTS: HF patients were predominantly male, of non-ischemic etiology, and had moderate to severe LV systolic dysfunction (mean LVEF = 32 ± 9%). Triceps skinfold (TSF) was the only anthropometric index that was associated with HF prognosis and had significantly lower values in patients who died (p = 0.047). A TSF > 20 mm was present in 9% of patients that died and 22% of those who survived (p = 0.027). Univariate analysis showed that serum creatinine level, LVEF, and NYHA class were associated with the risk of death, while Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that TSF > 20 was a strong independent predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio = 0.36; 95% confidence interval = 0.13-0.97, p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Although BMI is the most widely used anthropometric parameter in clinical practice, our results suggested that TSF is a better predictive marker of mortality in HF outpatients.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Músculo Esquelético , Obesidade/complicações , Pregas Cutâneas , Idoso , Braço , Composição Corporal , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
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