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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have addressed the potential seasonality of childhood acute leukaemia (AL) without conclusive results. Using data from the National Registry of Childhood Cancers over 1990-2014 in mainland France, we investigated the seasonal variations in childhood AL taken together, and lymphoblastic (ALL) and myeloid (AML) leukaemia separately. METHODS: Assuming constant variations over 1990-2014, we used a Poisson regression model to evaluate variations in standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) by month of birth or diagnosis. A scan method for temporal cluster detection was used to identify windows of several consecutive months with high or low SIR. The yearly reproducibility of the observed monthly variations was then evaluated. RESULTS: We included 11,528 AL, of which 9493 ALL and 1,843 AML. No seasonal variation was detected for ALL. With a clear seasonal pattern, differences in AML incidence rates were evidenced between January-April and May-December birth periods (SIR = 0.85, 95% CI 0.77-0.94 and SIR = 1.07, 95% CI 1.01-1.14, respectively). AML incidence variations by month of diagnosis were less clear-cut. CONCLUSION: Based on a large number of cases from a high-quality registry, we did not evidence any seasonality in ALL incidence rates but evidenced seasonal variations in AML incidence rates by month of birth.

2.
Appl Clin Inform ; 12(2): 237-244, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33763845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Today, in France, it is estimated that 1 in 850 people aged between 20 and 45 years has been treated for childhood cancer, which equals 40,000 to 50,000 people. As late effects of the cancer and its treatment affect a large number of childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and only 30% of them benefit from an efficient long-term follow-up care for prevention, early detection, and treatment of late effects, health education of CCS represents a challenge of public health. OBJECTIVES: Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are a recent innovative addition to the online learning landscape. This entertaining and practical tool could easily allow a deployment at a national level and make reliable information available for all the CCS in the country, wherever they live. METHODS: The MOOC team brings together a large range of specialists involved in the long-term follow-up care, but also associations of CCS, video producers, a communication consultant, a pedagogical designer, a cartoonist and a musician. We have designed three modules addressing transversal issues (lifestyle, importance of psychological support, risks of fertility problems) and eight modules covering organ-specific problems. Detailed data on childhood cancer treatments received were used to allocate the specific modules to each participant. RESULTS: This paper presents the design of the MOOC entitled "Childhood Cancer, Living Well, After," and how its feasibility and its impact on CCS knowledge will be measured. The MOOC about long-term follow-up after childhood cancer, divided into 11 modules, involved 130 participants in its process, and resulted in a 170-minute film. The feasibility study included 98 CCS (31 males vs. 67 females; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Such personalized, free, and online courses with an online forum and a possible psychologist consultation based on unique characteristics and needs of each survivor population could improve adherence to long-term follow-up without alarming them unnecessarily.

3.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 68: 101797, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the relation between maternal prenatal pesticides use and childhood lymphoma risk, some reporting a positive association with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We investigated the association between maternal exposure to pesticides during pregnancy and childhood Hodgkin (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: We pooled data from the two French national population-based case-control studies ESCALE (2003-2004) and ESTELLE (2010-2011). Data on domestic and occupational exposures to pesticides during pregnancy were obtained through standardised maternal interviews. Logistic regression models were used to compute odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for HL and NHL, by pesticide category adjusted for potential confounders. Analyses by histological subtypes were also performed. RESULTS: We included 328 H L, 305 non-Hodgkin NHL and 2,415 controls. Around 40% of control mothers reported having used pesticides during index pregnancy, of whom 95% reported insecticides use. Maternal use of herbicides and fungicides occurred mostly in combination with insecticides. Insecticides use was more frequently reported in cases than controls (ORNHL = 1.6 [95%CI 1.3-2.1], p = 0.0001; ORHL = 1.3 [95%CI 1.0-1.7], p = 0.03). This association appeared more marked for Burkitt lymphoma and mixed cellularity classical HL. No obvious association was observed with occupational pesticides exposure during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that maternal domestic use of insecticides during pregnancy might be related to both childhood NHL and HL. Further larger studies are urgently needed.

5.
Environ Res ; 187: 109517, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pesticide exposure is suspected to play a role in the etiology of childhood leukemia (AL). Various sources of exposure have been explored, but few studies have investigated the risk of childhood AL in relation to residential exposure to agricultural pesticides. Since around 50% of France is agricultural land, with marked pesticide use, France is a suitable location to investigate for an association. We aimed to analyze the association between the agricultural crop density in the municipalities of France and the incidence of childhood AL between 1990 and 2014. METHODS: 11,487 cases of AL diagnosed in children aged 0-14 years were registered by the French National Registry of Childhood Hematological Malignancies over 1990-2014. National agricultural census data for 1990, 2000 and 2010 were used to estimate the densities of the most common crops in France. The incidence of AL was estimated in the 35,512 municipalities, by age and gender, and 3 observation periods, and expressed as the standardized incidence ratio (SIR). RESULTS: We observed a moderate log-linear association between viticulture density and the incidence of AL, with a 3% increase in SIR for a 10% increase in viticulture density (SIRR = 1.03; 95%CI [1.00-1.06]). The association remained for lymphoblastic AL but not for myeloid AL. The association was stable after stratification by geographic area, age and period, and after adjustment on UV radiation and a French deprivation index. No consistent association was observed for other crop types. DISCUSSION: This nationwide study shows a moderate increase in incidence of childhood AL in municipalities where viticulture is common. Future individual studies are needed to know whether this observation is confirmed and related to particular use of pesticides.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Praguicidas , Adolescente , Agricultura , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cidades , Produtos Agrícolas , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Praguicidas/toxicidade
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412825

RESUMO

Purpose: This study was undertaken to determine cancer survival and describe the spectrum of cancers diagnosed among French adolescent and young adult (AYA) population. Methods: All cases of cancer diagnosed in 15-24 years, recorded by all French population-based registries (18% of the French population), over the 2000-2016 period, were included. Age-standardized incidence rates, conventional annual percentage change (cAPC) of incidence over time, and 5-year overall survival (5yOS) were calculated. Results: We analyzed 2734 cancer diagnoses in adolescents and 4199 in young adults. Overall incidence rates were 231.9/106 in 15-19 year olds and 354.0/106 in 20-24 year olds. The most frequently diagnosed cancers in male AYA were malignant gonadal germ-cell tumors (GCT), Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), and malignant melanoma and were HL, thyroid carcinoma, and malignant melanoma in females. Cancer incidence was stable over time with a cAPC of 0.8% (p = 0.72). For all cancers combined, 5yOS was 86.6% (95% CI: 85.8-87.4), >85% for HL, non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL), GCT, thyroid carcinomas, and malignant melanomas, and around 60% and lower for osteosarcomas, Ewing tumors, hepatic carcinomas, and rhabdomyosarcomas. The 5yOS has significantly improved from 2000-2007 to 2008-2015 for all cancers pooled, with a substantial gain of 4% for 15-19 year olds and 3% for 20-24 year olds. Conclusion: Notwithstanding the encouraging results for some cancers, and overall, persistent poorer survivals in AYA were shown compared to children for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, osteosarcoma, Ewing tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, and malignant hepatic tumors. These disparities require further investigation to identify and address the causes of these inferior outcomes.

7.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 66: 101706, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247207

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Wilms' tumor is the most frequently diagnosed renal tumor in children. Little is known about its etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of specific exposures related to parental habits such as parental smoking, maternal alcohol consumption and the use of household pesticides during pregnancy. METHODS: The ESTELLE study was a nationwide case-control study that included 117 Wilms' tumor cases and 1100 control children from the general French population, frequency-matched by age and gender. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals. RESULTS: After controlling for matching variables and potential confounders, the maternal use of any type of pesticide during pregnancy was associated with the risk of Wilms' tumor in children (OR 1.6 [95 % CI 1.1-2.3]). Insecticides were the most commonly reported type of pesticide and there was a positive association with their use (OR 1.7 [95 % CI 1.1-2.6]. The association was stronger when they were used more often than once a month (OR 1.9 [95 % CI 1.2-3.0]. Neither maternal smoking during pregnancy nor paternal smoking during preconception/pregnancy was associated with a risk of Wilms' tumor (ORs 1.1[95 % CI 0.7-1.8] and 1.1 [95 % CI 0.7-1.7], respectively). No association was observed with maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy (OR 1.2 [95 % CI 0.8-2.0]). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest an association between the maternal use of household pesticides during pregnancy and the risk of Wilms' tumor.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Hábitos , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Pais/psicologia , Assistência Perinatal/métodos , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Tumor de Wilms/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
8.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 65: 101697, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On average 185 children are diagnosed each year in France with a cancer in their first year of life, representing 11 % of cancers diagnosed in children less than 15 years. METHODS: A retrospective population-based observational study was conducted between 2000 and 2014 of all infants with a diagnosis of cancer using the National Registry of Childhood Cancers Database. RESULTS: Out of 2760 cases of primary cancers in infancy, there were mainly neuroblastomas 30.1 %), central nervous system (CNS) tumors (16.1 %), leukemias (15.3 %), retinoblastomas (11.6 %), and Wilms tumors (6.9 %). Embryonal malignancies accounted for 55.2 % of cases. Most diagnoses showed a male excess, particularly for malignant gonadal germ-cell tumors (GCT) with a 17.5 sex-ratio. The annual incidence rate, 242.9 per million infants overall, was stable over the study period for all types of cancer. Most deaths occurred within the first month of life (70.8 % of deaths). The 5-year overall survival (5-y OS) was 81.0 % (95 %CI, 79.4-82.4) with large contrasts between diagnoses. The best 5-y OS (>85 %) were observed for retinoblastomas, carcinomas, nephroblastomas, GCT, neuroblastomas, and hepatoblastomas. Conversely, the lowest 5-y OS (<65 %) were observed for acute myeloid leukemias, CNS tumors, and lymphoid leukemias. We observed no substantial change over time (80.5 % [95 %CI, 77.7-82.9] in 2000-2004 and 82.6 % [95 %CI, 80.0-84.9] in 2010-2014) for all cancers combined. The same result has been found whatever the diagnostic group. CONCLUSION: Our results contribute to better understand these tumors by quantifying their impact on the French population and assessing the burden of some devastating infant cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
9.
Cancer Causes Control ; 31(5): 491-501, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144681

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Wilms tumor (WT), or nephroblastoma, is an embryonic tumor that constitutes the most common renal tumor in children. Little is known about the etiology of WT. The aim of this study was to investigate whether maternal or perinatal characteristics were associated with the risk of WT. METHODS: The ESTELLE study is a national-based case-control study that included 117 cases of WT and 1,100 controls younger than 11 years old. The cases were children diagnosed in France in 2010-2011 and the controls were frequency matched with cases by age and gender. The mothers of case and control children responded to a telephone questionnaire addressing sociodemographic and perinatal characteristics, childhood environment, and lifestyle. Unconditional logistic regression models adjusted on potential cofounders were used to estimate the odds ratios (OR) and their confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: High birth weight and the presence of congenital malformation were associated with WT (OR 1.9 [95% CI 1.0-3.7] and OR 2.5 [95% CI 1.1-5.8], respectively). No association with breastfeeding or folic acid supplementation was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Although potential recall bias cannot be excluded, our findings reinforce the hypothesis that high birth weight and the presence of congenital malformation may be associated with an increased risk of WT. Further investigations are needed to further elucidate the possible role of maternal characteristics in the etiology of WT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Tumor de Wilms/patologia , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
10.
Eur J Cancer ; 130: 1-11, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163883

RESUMO

AIM: Evidence for an association of foetal growth with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is inconclusive. AML is a rare childhood cancer, relatively more frequent in girls, with distinct features in infancy. In the context of the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium (CLIC), we examined the hypothesis that the association may vary by age, sex and disease subtype using data from 22 studies and a total of 3564 AML cases. METHODS: Pooled estimates by age, sex and overall for harmonised foetal growth markers in association with AML were calculated using the International Fetal and Newborn Growth Consortium for the 21st Century Project for 17 studies contributing individual-level data; meta-analyses were, thereafter, conducted with estimates provided ad hoc by five more studies because of administrative constraints. Subanalyses by AML subtype were also performed. RESULTS: A nearly 50% increased risk was observed among large-for-gestational-age infant boys (odds ratio [OR]: 1.49, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-2.14), reduced to 34% in boys aged <2 years (OR: 1.34, 95% CI: 1.05-1.71) and 25% in boys aged 0-14 years (OR: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.06-1.46). The association of large for gestational age became stronger in boys with M0/M1subtype (OR: 1.80, 95% CI: 1.15-2.83). Large birth length for gestational age was also positively associated with AML (OR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.00-1.92) in boys. By contrast, there were null associations in girls, as well as with respect to associations of decelerated foetal growth markers. CONCLUSIONS: Accelerated foetal growth was associated with AML, especially in infant boys and those with minimally differentiated leukaemia. Further cytogenetic research would shed light into the underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
11.
J Environ Radioact ; 211: 106071, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-dose ionizing radiation is an established risk factor for childhood central nervous system tumors (CNST) but the role of low doses remains debated. In particular, there are few studies of natural background radiation (NBR, gamma radiation and radon) and childhood CNST, and their results are inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the ecological association between NBR exposure and childhood CNST incidence in France, considering childhood CNST overall and by subgroups. METHODS: Incidence data were provided by the French national registry of childhood cancers, which has high completeness. We included 5471 childhood CNST cases registered over the period 2000-2012, and their municipality of residence at diagnosis was recorded. Municipality NBR exposures were estimated by cokriging models, using NBR measurements and additional geographic data. The incidence rate ratio (IRR) per unit variation of exposure was estimated with Poisson regression models. NBR exposures were considered at the time of diagnosis, and cumulatively from birth to diagnosis. In an exploratory analysis, the total brain dose due to NBR was used. RESULTS: Overall, there was no association between NBR exposure and childhood CNST incidence (IRR = 1.03 (0.98,1.09) per 50 nSv/h for gamma radiation, and IRR = 1.02 (0,96,1.07) per 100 Bq/m3 for radon). An association was suggested between pilocytic astrocytomas and gamma radiation (IRR = 1.12 (1.00,1.24) per 50 nSv/h) but not with radon (IRR = 1.07 (0.95,1.20) per 100 Bq/m3). Upward trends for this CNST subtype were also suggested with the cumulative exposures to gamma radiation and the total brain dose. NBR exposure was not associated with other CNST subgroups (ependymomas, embryonal tumors, and gliomas other than pilocytic astrocytomas). Adjustment for socio-demographic factors did not change the findings. CONCLUSIONS: Our study was based on high quality incidence data, large numbers of CNST cases, and validated models of NBR exposure assessment. Results suggest an association between gamma radiation, as a component of NBR, and pilocytic astrocytomas incidence in France.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central , Radiação de Fundo , Criança , França , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação , Monitoramento de Radiação , Radônio
12.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(10): 1075-1085, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399828

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although some specific genetic syndromes such as neurofibromatosis (NF) have been identified as risk factor of childhood brain tumors (CBT), the potential role of inherited susceptibility in CBT has yet to be elucidated. METHODS: To further investigate this, we conducted a pooled analysis of two nationwide case-control studies ESCALE and ESTELLE. The mothers of 509 CBT cases and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years who resided in France at diagnosis/interview, frequency-matched by age and gender, responded to a telephone interview conducted by trained interviewers. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression. RESULTS: CBT was significantly associated with the family history of cancer in relatives (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.0-1.5). The OR was slightly higher for maternal relatives than for paternal relatives, and when at least two relatives had a history of cancer. CBT was significantly associated with a family history of brain tumor (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3-3.7). This association seemed stronger for first-degree relatives (mother, father, and siblings), for whom, by contrast, no association was seen for cancers other than CBT. No specificity by CBT subtypes or by age of the children were found for any of these findings. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the hypothesis of a familial susceptibility of CBT, not due to being a known NF carrier.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Família , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Anamnese , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
13.
Genet Epidemiol ; 43(7): 844-863, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407831

RESUMO

Epidemiologic studies show an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in patients with autoimmune disease (AD), due to a combination of shared environmental factors and/or genetic factors, or a causative cascade: chronic inflammation/antigen-stimulation in one disease leads to another. Here we assess shared genetic risk in genome-wide-association-studies (GWAS). Secondary analysis of GWAS of NHL subtypes (chronic lymphocytic leukemia, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and marginal zone lymphoma) and ADs (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and multiple sclerosis). Shared genetic risk was assessed by (a) description of regional genetic of overlap, (b) polygenic risk score (PRS), (c)"diseasome", (d)meta-analysis. Descriptive analysis revealed few shared genetic factors between each AD and each NHL subtype. The PRS of ADs were not increased in NHL patients (nor vice versa). In the diseasome, NHLs shared more genetic etiology with ADs than solid cancers (p = .0041). A meta-analysis (combing AD with NHL) implicated genes of apoptosis and telomere length. This GWAS-based analysis four NHL subtypes and three ADs revealed few weakly-associated shared loci, explaining little total risk. This suggests common genetic variation, as assessed by GWAS in these sample sizes, may not be the primary explanation for the link between these ADs and NHLs.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Linfoma não Hodgkin/genética , Alelos , Feminino , Antígenos HLA/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco
14.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 62: 101581, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dietary habits during pregnancy have been inconsistently linked to childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML), given the putative intrauterine onset of the disease as a result of triggering events during the critical period of fetal hematopoiesis. We investigated the potential association of maternal coffee and tea consumption during pregnancy with childhood AML risk, pooling primary data from eight case-control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. METHODS: Information on coffee and/or tea consumption was available for 444 cases and 1255 age- and sex-matched controls, on coffee consumption for 318 cases and 971 controls and on tea consumption for 388 cases and 932 controls. Categories for cups of daily coffee/tea consumption were created in order to explore potential dose-response associations. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using logistic regression. RESULTS: Associations were found neither in the analysis on coffee or tea nor in the analysis on coffee only consumption (any versus no). A positive association with increasing coffee intake was observed (>1 cup per day; OR: 1.40, 95% CI: 1.03-1.92, increment of one cup per day; OR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.01-1.39). No associations were observed with tea consumption. Interaction analyses showed non-significant associations between coffee/tea and smoking. Hyperdiploidy was inversely associated with tea consumption, with other cytogenetic markers having no association with coffee/tea. CONCLUSION: Given the widespread consumption of caffeinated beverages among pregnant women, our finding is of important public health relevance, suggesting adverse effects of maternal coffee consumption during pregnancy in the offspring.


Assuntos
Café/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/etiologia , Chá/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
15.
Occup Environ Med ; 76(10): 746-753, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previously published studies on parental occupational exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) and risk of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in their offspring were inconsistent. We therefore evaluated this question within the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. METHODS: We pooled 11 case-control studies including 9723 childhood leukaemia cases and 17 099 controls. Parental occupational ELF-MF exposure was estimated by linking jobs to an ELF-MF job-exposure matrix (JEM). Logistic regression models were used to estimate ORs and 95% CIs in pooled analyses and meta-analyses. RESULTS: ORs from pooled analyses for paternal ELF-MF exposure >0.2 microtesla (µT) at conception were 1.04 (95% CI 0.95 to 1.13) for ALL and 1.06 (95% CI 0.87 to 1.29) for AML, compared with ≤0.2 µT. Corresponding ORs for maternal ELF-MF exposure during pregnancy were 1.00 (95% CI 0.89 to 1.12) for ALL and 0.85 (95% CI 0.61 to 1.16) for AML. No trends of increasing ORs with increasing exposure level were evident. Furthermore, no associations were observed in the meta-analyses. CONCLUSIONS: In this large international dataset applying a comprehensive quantitative JEM, we did not find any associations between parental occupational ELF-MF exposure and childhood leukaemia.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Campos Magnéticos/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Paterna/estatística & dados numéricos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia
16.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(8): 889-900, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165419

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To conduct a pooled analysis assessing the association of blood transfusion with risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). METHODS: We used harmonized data from 13 case-control studies (10,805 cases, 14,026 controls) in the InterLymph Consortium. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using unconditional logistic regression, adjusted for study design variables. RESULTS: Among non-Hispanic whites (NHW), history of any transfusion was inversely associated with NHL risk for men (OR 0.74; 95% CI 0.65-0.83) but not women (OR 0.92; 95% CI 0.83-1.03), pheterogeneity = 0.014. Transfusion history was not associated with risk in other racial/ethnic groups. There was no trend with the number of transfusions, time since first transfusion, age at first transfusion, or decade of first transfusion, and further adjustment for socioeconomic status, body mass index, smoking, alcohol use, and HCV seropositivity did not alter the results. Associations for NHW men were stronger in hospital-based (OR 0.56; 95% CI 0.45-0.70) but still apparent in population-based (OR 0.84; 95% CI 0.72-0.98) studies. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of a literature reporting mainly null and some positive associations, and the lack of a clear methodologic explanation for our inverse association restricted to NHW men, the current body of evidence suggests that there is no association of blood transfusion with risk of NHL.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
17.
Int J Cancer ; 145(11): 2907-2916, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30697705

RESUMO

Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extra-cranial tumour in children. Little is known about the aetiology of NB. The early age at onset and the embryonic nature suggest a role for perinatal exposures. We conducted a pooled analysis of two French national population-based case-control studies to explore whether there was an association between parental smoking and alcohol consumption and the risk of NB. The mothers of 357 NB cases and 1,783 controls from general population, frequency matched by age and sex, were interviewed on demographic, socioeconomic and perinatal characteristics, maternal reproductive story, and life-style and childhood environment. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. A meta-analysis of our findings with those of previous studies was also conducted. Maternal smoking during pregnancy was slightly more often reported for the cases (24.1%) than for the controls (19.7%) (OR 1.3 [95% CI 0.9-1.7]; summary OR from meta-analysis 1.1 [95% CI 1.0-1.3]. Paternal smoking in the year before child's birth were not associated with NB as independent exposure (OR 1.1 [95% CI 0.9-1.4] but the association was stronger when both parents reported having smoked during pregnancy (OR 1.5 [95% CI 1.1-2.1]. No association was observed with maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy (OR 1.0 [95% CI 0.8-1.4], summary OR from meta-analysis 1.0 [95% CI 0.9-1.2]. Our findings provide some evidence of an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and NB and add another reason to recommend that women refrain from smoking during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Neuroblastoma/epidemiologia , Fumar Tabaco/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Razão de Chances , Exposição Paterna/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Sistema de Registros , Fumar Tabaco/efeitos adversos
18.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1539, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064237

RESUMO

Although the evidence is not consistent, epidemiologic studies have suggested that taller adult height may be associated with an increased risk of some non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) subtypes. Height is largely determined by genetic factors, but how these genetic factors may contribute to NHL risk is unknown. We investigated the relationship between genetic determinants of height and NHL risk using data from eight genome-wide association studies (GWAS) comprising 10,629 NHL cases, including 3,857 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 2,847 follicular lymphoma (FL), 3,100 chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and 825 marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) cases, and 9,505 controls of European ancestry. We evaluated genetically predicted height by constructing polygenic risk scores using 833 height-associated SNPs. We used logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for association between genetically determined height and the risk of four NHL subtypes in each GWAS and then used fixed-effect meta-analysis to combine subtype results across studies. We found suggestive evidence between taller genetically determined height and increased CLL risk (OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 1.00-1.17, p = 0.049), which was slightly stronger among women (OR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.01-1.31, p = 0.036). No significant associations were observed with DLBCL, FL, or MZL. Our findings suggest that there may be some shared genetic factors between CLL and height, but other endogenous or environmental factors may underlie reported epidemiologic height associations with other subtypes.

19.
Environ Mol Mutagen ; 60(5): 404-409, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29206312

RESUMO

All nucleoside analogues for treating HIV infection, due to their capacity to integrate into and alter human DNA, are experimentally genotoxic to some extent. The long-term oncogenic risk after in utero exposure remains to be determined. Cancer incidence in uninfected children exposed to nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) was evaluated, by cross-checking against the National Cancer Registry, in the French perinatal study of children born to HIV+ mothers. Twenty-one cancers were identified in 15,163 children (median age: 9.9 years [interquartile range (IQR): 5.8-14.2]) exposed to at least one NRTI in utero between 1990 and 2014. Five of these children were exposed to zidovudine monotherapy, and 15 to various combinations, seven of which included didanosine. Overall, the total number of cases was not significantly different from that expected for the general population (SIR = 0.8[0.47-1.24]), but the number of cases after didanosine exposure was twice that expected (SIR = 2.5 [1.01-5.19]). Didanosine accounted for only 10% of prescriptions but was associated with one-third of cancers. In multivariate analysis, didanosine exposure was significantly associated with higher risk (HR = 3.0 [0.9-9.8]). This risk was specifically linked to first-trimester exposure (HR = 5.5 [2.1-14.4]). Three cases of pineoblastoma, a very rare cancer, were observed, whereas 0.03 were expected. Two were associated with didanosine exposure. Despite reassuring data overall, there is strong evidence to suggest that didanosine displays transplacental oncogenicity. These findings cannot be extrapolated to other NRTIs, but they highlight the need for comprehensive evaluations of the transplacental genotoxicity of this antiretroviral class. Environ. Mol. Mutagen., 60:404-409, 2019. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/toxicidade , Exposição Materna , Troca Materno-Fetal/fisiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Nucleosídeos/toxicidade , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/patologia , Adolescente , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Didanosina/uso terapêutico , Didanosina/toxicidade , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neoplasias/genética , Nucleosídeos/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Transcriptase Reversa/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Transcriptase Reversa/toxicidade , Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Zidovudina/uso terapêutico , Zidovudina/toxicidade
20.
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol ; 32(6): 568-583, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer is a rare but leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Established risk factors, accounting for <10% of incidence, have been identified primarily from case-control studies. However, recall, selection and other potential biases impact interpretations particularly, for modest associations. A consortium of pregnancy and birth cohorts (I4C) was established to utilise prospective, pre-diagnostic exposure assessments and biological samples. METHODS: Eligibility criteria, follow-up methods and identification of paediatric cancer cases are described for cohorts currently participating or planning future participation. Also described are exposure assessments, harmonisation methods, biological samples potentially available for I4C research, the role of the I4C data and biospecimen coordinating centres and statistical approaches used in the pooled analyses. RESULTS: Currently, six cohorts recruited over six decades (1950s-2000s) contribute data on 388 120 mother-child pairs. Nine new cohorts from seven countries are anticipated to contribute data on 627 500 additional projected mother-child pairs within 5 years. Harmonised data currently includes over 20 "core" variables, with notable variability in mother/child characteristics within and across cohorts, reflecting in part, secular changes in pregnancy and birth characteristics over the decades. CONCLUSIONS: The I4C is the first cohort consortium to have published findings on paediatric cancer using harmonised variables across six pregnancy/birth cohorts. Projected increases in sample size, expanding sources of exposure data (eg, linkages to environmental and administrative databases), incorporation of biological measures to clarify exposures and underlying molecular mechanisms and forthcoming joint efforts to complement case-control studies offer the potential for breakthroughs in paediatric cancer aetiologic research.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/etiologia , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Viés , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estilo de Vida , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
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