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1.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2022 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A high proportion of patients undergoing catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) experience recurrence of arrhythmia. This meta-analysis aims to identify pre-ablation serum biomarker(s) associated with arrhythmia recurrence to improve patient selection before CA. METHODS: A systematic approach following PRISMA reporting guidelines was utilised in libraries (Pubmed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus) and supplemented by scanning through bibliographies of articles. Biomarker levels were compared using a random-effects model and presented as odds ratio (OR). Heterogeneity was examined by meta-regression and subgroup analysis. RESULTS: In total, 73 studies were identified after inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. Nine out of 22 biomarkers showed association with recurrence of AF after CA. High levels of N-Terminal-pro-B-type-Natriuretic Peptide [OR (95% CI), 3.11 (1.80-5.36)], B-type Natriuretic Peptide [BNP, 2.91 (1.74-4.88)], high-sensitivity C-Reactive Protein [2.04 (1.28-3.23)], Carboxy-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I [1.89 (1.16-3.08)] and Interleukin-6 [1.83 (1.18-2.84)] were strongly associated with identifying patients with AF recurrence. Meta-regression highlighted that AF type had a significant impact on BNP levels (heterogeneity R2 = 55%). Subgroup analysis showed that high BNP levels were more strongly associated with AF recurrence in paroxysmal AF (PAF) cohorts compared to the addition of non-PAF patients. Egger's test ruled out the presence of publication bias from small-study effects. CONCLUSION: Ranking biomarkers based on the strength of association with outcome provides each biomarker relative capacity to predict AF recurrence. This will provide randomised controlled trials, a guide to choosing a priori tool for identifying patients likely to revert to AF, which are required to substantiate these findings.

2.
Am Heart J ; 243: 11-14, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516969

RESUMO

Important racial differences in characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of patients with acute heart failure (AHF) have been described. The objective of this analysis of the International Registry to assess medical Practice with longitudinal observation for Treatment of Heart Failure (REPORT-HF) registry was to investigate racial differences in patients with AHF according to country income level.

4.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918855

RESUMO

AIM: There is an association between heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and insulin resistance, but less is known about the diabetic continuum, and in particular about pre-diabetes, in HFpEF. We examined characteristics and outcomes of participants with diabetes or pre-diabetes in PARAGON-HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients aged ≥50 years with left ventricular ejection fraction ≥45%, structural heart disease and elevated N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were eligible. Patients were classified according to glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c): (i) normal HbA1c, <6.0%; (ii) pre-diabetes, 6.0%-6.4%; (iii) diabetes, ≥6.5% or history of diabetes. The primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular (CV) death and total heart failure hospitalizations (HFH). Of 4796 patients, 50% had diabetes and 18% had pre-diabetes. Compared to patients with normal HbA1c, patients with pre-diabetes and diabetes more often were obese, had a history of myocardial infarction and had lower Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire scores, while patients with diabetes had more clinical evidence of congestion, but similar NT-proBNP concentrations. The risks of the primary composite outcome (rate ratio [RR] 1.59, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.35-1.88), total HFH (RR 1.67, 95% CI 1.39-2.02) and CV death (hazard ratio [HR] 1.35, 95% CI 1.07-1.71) were higher among patients with diabetes, compared to those with normal HbA1c. Patients with pre-diabetes had a higher risk (which was intermediate between that of patients with diabetes and those with normal HbA1c) of the primary outcome (HR 1.27, 95% CI 1.00-1.60) and HFH (HR 1.35, 95% CI 1.03-1.77), but not of CV death (HR 1.02, 95% CI 0.75-1.40). Patients with diabetes treated with insulin had worse outcomes than those not, and those with 'lean diabetes' had similar mortality rates to those with a higher body mass index, but lower rates of HFH. CONCLUSION: Pre-diabetes is common in patients with HFpEF and is associated with worse clinical status and greater risk of HFH. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT01920711.

5.
J Card Fail ; 2021 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue influences the expression and degradation of circulating biomarkers. We aimed to identify the biomarker profile and biological meaning of biomarkers associated with obesity to assess the effect of spironolactone on the circulating biomarkers and to explore whether obesity might modify the effect of spironolactone. METHODS AND RESULTS: Protein biomarkers (n = 276) from the Olink Proseek-Multiplex cardiovascular and inflammation panels were measured in plasma collected at baseline, 1 month and 9 months from the HOMAGE randomized controlled trial participants. Of the 510 participants, 299 had obesity defined as an increased waist circumference (≥102 cm in men and ≥88 cm in women). Biomarkers at baseline reflected adipogenesis, increased vascularization, decreased fibrinolysis, and glucose intolerance in patients with obesity at baseline. Treatment with spironolactone had only minor effects on this proteomic profile. Obesity modified the effect of spironolactone on systolic blood pressure (Pinteraction = 0.001), showing a stronger decrease of blood pressure in obese patients (-14.8 mm Hg 95% confidence interval -18.45 to -11.12) compared with nonobese patients (-3.6 mm Hg 95% confidence interval -7.82 to 0.66). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients at risk for heart failure, those with obesity have a characteristic proteomic profile reflecting adipogenesis and glucose intolerance. Spironolactone had only minor effects on this obesity-related proteomic profile, but obesity significantly modified the effect of spironolactone on systolic blood pressure.

6.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951629

RESUMO

AIMS: Trastuzumab and anthracyclines, often used in the treatment of breast cancer, may impair myocardial function, and reduce left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), potentially causing heart failure. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have evaluated the effects of beta-blockers (BBs), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) on trastuzumab- and anthracycline-associated cardiotoxicity. We report a meta-analysis of these RCTs in patients with breast cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: The primary analysis was on the effect of BBs and ACEI/ARBs on LVEF in patients treated with either trastuzumab or anthracyclines. A secondary analysis was done investigating the effect of BBs or ACEI/ARBs on LVEF in trastuzumab and anthracycline treatments. Only RCTs were included using the search term 'ARBs, ACEIs, BBs, anthracyclines, trastuzumab, and breast cancer' in PubMed, Embase, and CENTRAL up to 31 March 2021. A meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the mean difference (MD) in LVEF between intervention and placebo groups at follow-up. A total of nine RCTs (n = 1362) were included in the analysis. All patients were women. BBs and ACEI/ARBs were shown to attenuate the decline in LVEF during trastuzumab and anthracycline treatments [MD: 2.4; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.3-4.2 and MD: 1.5; 95% CI: -0.6 to 3.7]. Compared with placebo, LVEF was significantly higher in patients assigned to BB or ACEI/ARB on trastuzumab (MD: 2.3; 95% CI: 0.0-4.6) but not on anthracyclines (MD: 1.9; 95% CI: -0.5 to 4.2). CONCLUSION: Both BB and ACEI/ARB therapies were associated with the preservation of LVEF during trastuzumab and anthracycline-containing regimens as compared with placebo, suggesting both to be beneficial. KEY QUESTION: The distinct effects of (1) beta-blockers (BBs) and (ii) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) on the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with breast cancer treated with trastuzumab or anthracyclines. The effect of either BBs or ACEI/ARBs on the LVEF during (iii) trastuzumab and (iv) anthracycline treatments. KEY FINDING: BBs and ACEI/ARBs were shown to attenuate the decline in LVEF during trastuzumab and anthracycline treatments. In patients treated with trastuzumab, BBs or ACEI/ARBs were significantly associated with higher LVEFs. For anthracyclines, a similar trend was found, although nonsignificant. TAKE HOME MESSAGE: BB therapy and ACEI/ARB therapy were associated with LVEF preservation during trastuzumab and anthracycline containing regimens in patients with breast cancer.

7.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with acute heart failure (AHF), substantial diuresis after administration of loop diuretics is generally associated with better clinical outcomes but may cause creatinine to rise, suggesting renal function decline. We investigated the interaction between diuretic response and worsening renal function (WRF) on clinical outcomes in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: In two AHF cohorts (PROTECT, n = 1698 and RELAX-AHF-2, n = 5586 in current analysis), the prognostic impact of WRF (creatinine ≥0.3 mg/dl increase baseline-day 4; sensitivity analyses incorporated baseline renal function) by diuretic response (kg weight loss/40 mg furosemide equivalent baseline-day 4) was investigated with regard to (cardiovascular) death or cardiovascular/renal hospitalization using subpopulation treatment effect pattern plots (STEPP) and survival analyses. WRF occurred in 286 (16.8%) and 1031 (18.5%) patients in PROTECT and RELAX-AHF-2, respectively. Patients with WRF had higher left ventricular ejection fraction and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate at baseline (p < 0.05), and received higher doses of loop diuretics and had a worse diuretic response (p < 0.001). In patients with a poor diuretic response (≤0.35 kg weight loss/40 mg furosemide equivalent as identified by STEPP), WRF was associated with higher risk of (cardiovascular) death or cardiovascular/renal hospitalization (p < 0.001 both cohorts), but this was not the case for patients with a good diuretic response (p = 0.900 both cohorts). CONCLUSION: In two large cohorts of patients with AHF, WRF in the first 4 days was not associated with worse outcomes when patients had a good diuretic response. The occurrence of WRF in patients with AHF should therefore be considered in the context of diuretic response.

8.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816550

RESUMO

AIMS: Whereas the combination of anaemia and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been extensively studied in patients with heart failure (HF), the contribution of iron deficiency (ID) to this dysfunctional interplay is unknown. We aimed to assess clinical associates and pathophysiological pathways related to ID in this multimorbid syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 2151 patients with HF from the BIOSTAT-CHF cohort. Patients were stratified based on ID (transferrin saturation <20%), anaemia (World Health Organization definition) and/or CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 ). Patients were mainly men (73.3%), with a median age of 70.5 (interquartile range 61.4-78.1). ID was more prevalent than CKD and anaemia (63.3%, 47.2% and 35.6% respectively), with highest prevalence in those with concomitant CKD and anaemia (77.5% vs. 59.3%; p < 0.001). There was a considerable overlap in biomarkers and pathways between patients with isolated ID, anaemia or CKD, or in combination, with processes related to immunity, inflammation, cell survival and cancer amongst the common pathways. Key biomarkers shared between syndromes with ID included transferrin receptor, interleukin-6, fibroblast growth factor-23, and bone morphogenetic protein 6. Having ID, either alone or on top of anaemia and/or CKD, was associated with a lower overall summary Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score, an impaired 6-min walk test and increased incidence of hospitalizations and/or mortality in multivariable analyses (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Iron deficiency, CKD and/or anaemia in patients with HF have great overlap in biomarker profiles, suggesting common pathways associated with these syndromes. ID either alone or on top of CKD and anaemia is associated with worse quality of life, exercise capacity and prognosis of patients with worsening HF.

9.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841615

RESUMO

AIMS: The HOMAGE randomized trial found that spironolactone reduced left atrial volume index (LAVI), E:A ratio, and a marker of collagen type I synthesis (procollagen type I C-terminal propeptide) in patients at risk of heart failure (HF). Previous trials showed that patients with HF, preserved ejection fraction and low serum collagen type I C-terminal telopeptide to matrix metalloproteinase-1 ratio (CITP:MMP-1), associated with high collagen cross-linking, had less improvement in diastolic function with spironolactone. We evaluated the interaction between serum CITP:MMP-1 and spironolactone on cardiac function in the HOMAGE trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients at risk of HF were randomized to spironolactone (n = 260) or not (n = 255). Blood sampling and echocardiography were done at baseline, one and nine months. CITP:MMP-1 was used as an indirect measure of collagen cross-linking. Higher baseline CITP:MMP-1 (i.e. lower collagen cross-linking) was associated with greater reductions in LAVI with spironolactone at both one (p = 0.003) and nine (p = 0.01) months, but no interaction was observed for E:A ratio. Spironolactone reduced LAVI after one and nine months only for those patients in the third tertile of CITP:MMP-1 (estimated lowest collagen cross-linking) [mean differencesspiro/control : -1.77 (95% confidence interval, CI -2.94 to -0.59) and -2.52 (95% CI -4.46 to -0.58) mL/m2 ; interaction pacross-tertiles  = 0.005; interaction pthird tertile  = 0.008] with a similar trend for N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide which was consistently reduced by spironolactone only in the lowest collagen cross-linking tertile [mean differencesspiro/control : -0.47 (95% CI -0.66 to -0.28) and -0.31 (95% CI -0.59 to -0.04) ng/L; interaction pacross-tertiles  = 0.09; interaction pthird tertile < 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that, for patients at risk of HF, the effects of spironolactone on left atrial remodelling may be more prominent in patients with less collagen cross-linking (indirectly assessed by serum CITP:MMP-1).

10.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 23(11): 1831-1840, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632680

RESUMO

AIMS: Congestion is a cardinal feature of untreated heart failure (HF) and might be detected by ultrasound (US) before overt clinical signs appear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the prevalence and clinical associations of subclinical congestion in 238 patients with at least one clinical risk factor for HF (diabetes, ischaemic heart disease, or hypertension) using three US variables: (i) inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter; (ii) jugular vein distensibility (JVD) ratio (the ratio of the jugular vein diameter during the Valsalva manoeuvre to that at rest); (iii) the number of B-lines from a 28-point lung US. US congestion was defined as IVC diameter > 2.0 cm, JVD ratio < 4.0 or B-lines count > 14. The prevalence of subclinical congestion (defined as at least one positive US marker of congestion) was 30% (13% by IVC diameter, 9% by JVD ratio and 13% by B-line quantification). Compared to patients with no congestion on US, those with at least one marker had larger left atria and higher plasma concentrations of natriuretic peptides. Patients with raised plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide/B-type natriuretic peptide had a lower JVD ratio (7.69 vs. 8.80; P = 0.05) and more often had at least one lung B-line (74% vs. 63%; P = 0.05). However, plasma natriuretic peptide concentrations were more closely related to left atrial volume than other US measures of congestion. CONCLUSIONS: Subclinical evidence of congestion by US is common in patients with clinical risk factors for HF. Whether these measurements provide additional value for predicting the development of HF and its prevention deserves consideration.

11.
J Card Fail ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Registries show international variations in the characteristics and outcome of patients with heart failure (HF), but national samples are rarely large, and case selection may be biased owing to enrolment in academic centers. National administrative datasets provide large samples with a low risk of bias. In this study, we compared the characteristics, health care resource use (HRU) and outcomes of patients with primary HF hospitalizations (HFH) using electronic health records (EHR) from 4 high-income countries (United States, UK, Taiwan, Japan) on 3 continents. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used electronic health record to identify unplanned HFH between 2012 and 2014. We identified 231,512, 10,991, 36,900, and 133,982 patients with a primary HFH from the United States, the UK, Taiwan, and Japan, respectively. HFH per 100,000 population was highest in the United States and lowest in Taiwan. Fewer patients in Taiwan and Japan were obese or had chronic kidney disease. The length of hospital stay was shortest in the United States (median 4 days) and longer in the UK, Taiwan, and Japan (medians of 7, 9, and 17 days, respectively). HRU during hospitalization was highest in Japan and lowest in UK. Crude and direct standardized in-hospital mortality was lowest in the United States (direct standardized rates 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.7%-1.9%) and progressively higher in Taiwan (direct standardized rates 3.9, 95% CI 3.8%-4.1%), the UK (direct standardized rates 6.4, 95% CI 6.1%-6.7%), and Japan (direct standardized rates 6.7, 95% CI 6.6%-6.8%). The 30-day all-cause (25.8%) and HF (7.2%) readmissions were highest in the United States and lowest in Japan (11.9% and 5.1%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Marked international variations in patient characteristics, HRU, and clinical outcomes exist; understanding them might inform health care policy and international trial design.

13.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Receptor selectivity of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) varies greatly between agents. The overall improvement of cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in heart failure (HF) patients varies between trials. We, therefore, evaluated the comparative efficacy of individual SGLT2i and the influence of their respective receptor selectivity thereon. METHODS: We identified randomized controlled trials investigating the use of SGLT2i in patients with HF-either as the target cohort or as a subgroup of it. Comparators included placebo or any other active treatment. The primary endpoint was the composite of hospitalization for HF or CV death. Secondary outcomes included all-cause mortality, CV mortality, hospitalization for HF, worsening renal function (RF), and the composite of worsening RF or CV death. Evidence was synthesized using network meta-analysis. In addition, the impact of receptor selectivity on outcomes was analysed using meta-regression. RESULTS: We identified 18,265 patients included in 22 trials. Compared to placebo, selective and non-selective SGLT2i improved fatal and non-fatal HF events. Head-to-head comparisons suggest superior efficacy with sotagliflozin as compared to dapagliflozin, empagliflozin or ertugliflozin. No significant difference was found between canagliflozin and sotagliflozin. Meta-regression analyses show a decreasing benefit on HF events with increasing receptor selectivity of SGLT2i. In contrast, receptor selectivity did not affect mortality and renal endpoints and no significant difference between individual SGLT2i was noted. CONCLUSION: Our data point towards a class-effect of SGLT2i on mortality and renal outcomes. However, non-selective SGLT2i such as sotagliflozin may be superior to highly selective SGLT2i in terms of HF outcomes.

14.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 23(10): 1610-1632, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498368

RESUMO

New biomarkers are being evaluated for their ability to advance the management of patients with heart failure. Despite a large pool of interesting candidate biomarkers, besides natriuretic peptides virtually none have succeeded in being applied into the clinical setting. In this review, we examine the most promising emerging candidates for clinical assessment and management of patients with heart failure. We discuss high-sensitivity cardiac troponins (Tn), procalcitonin, novel kidney markers, soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2), galectin-3, growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), cluster of differentiation 146 (CD146), neprilysin, adrenomedullin (ADM), and also discuss proteomics and genetic-based risk scores. We focused on guidance and assistance with daily clinical care decision-making. For each biomarker, analytical considerations are discussed, as well as performance regarding diagnosis and prognosis. Furthermore, we discuss potential implementation in clinical algorithms and in ongoing clinical trials.

15.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480422

RESUMO

AIMS: The HERMES (HEart failure Molecular Epidemiology for Therapeutic targetS) consortium aims to identify the genomic and molecular basis of heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: The consortium currently includes 51 studies from 11 countries, including 68 157 heart failure cases and 949 888 controls, with data on heart failure events and prognosis. All studies collected biological samples and performed genome-wide genotyping of common genetic variants. The enrolment of subjects into participating studies ranged from 1948 to the present day, and the median follow-up following heart failure diagnosis ranged from 2 to 116 months. Forty-nine of 51 individual studies enrolled participants of both sexes; in these studies, participants with heart failure were predominantly male (34-90%). The mean age at diagnosis or ascertainment across all studies ranged from 54 to 84 years. Based on the aggregate sample, we estimated 80% power to genetic variant associations with risk of heart failure with an odds ratio of ≥1.10 for common variants (allele frequency ≥ 0.05) and ≥1.20 for low-frequency variants (allele frequency 0.01-0.05) at P < 5 × 10-8 under an additive genetic model. CONCLUSIONS: HERMES is a global collaboration aiming to (i) identify the genetic determinants of heart failure; (ii) generate insights into the causal pathways leading to heart failure and enable genetic approaches to target prioritization; and (iii) develop genomic tools for disease stratification and risk prediction.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353880

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Early detection and treatment of diabetes as well as its prevention help lessen longer-term complications. We determined the prevalence of pre-diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes in the UK Biobank and standardized the results to the UK general population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed baseline UK Biobank data on plasma glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) to compare the prevalence of pre-diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus in white, South Asian, black, and Chinese participants. The overall and ethnic-specific results were standardized to the UK general population aged 40-70 years of age. RESULTS: Within the UK Biobank, the overall crude prevalence was 3.6% for pre-diabetes, 0.8% for undiagnosed diabetes, and 4.4% for either. Following standardization to the UK general population, the results were similar at 3.8%, 0.8%, and 4.7%, respectively. Crude prevalence was much higher in South Asian (11.0% pre-diabetes; 3.6% undiagnosed diabetes; 14.6% either) or black (13.8% pre-diabetes; 3.0% undiagnosed diabetes; 16.8% either) participants. Only six middle-aged or old-aged South Asian individuals or seven black would need to be tested to identify an HbA1c result that merits action. CONCLUSIONS: Single-stage population screening for pre-diabetes or undiagnosed diabetes in middle-old or old-aged South Asian and black individuals using HbA1c could be efficient and should be considered.


Assuntos
Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Diabetes Mellitus , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Estado Pré-Diabético , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/etnologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Estado Pré-Diabético/etnologia , Prevalência , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
19.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(5): 3760-3768, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390213

RESUMO

AIMS: We explored the experiences and motivations of participants and staff who took part in the TRED-HF trial (Therapy withdrawal in REcovered Dilated cardiomyopathy). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a qualitative study, using semi-structured interviews, with participants (n = 12) and the research team (n = 4) from the TRED-HF trial. Interviews were carried out in 2019 and were audio-recorded and transcribed. Data were managed using NVivo and analysed using framework analysis. A patient representative provided guidance on the interpretation of findings and presentation of themes to ensure these remained meaningful, and an accurate representation, to those living with dilated cardiomyopathy. Three key themes emerged from the data: (i) perception of health; (ii) experiences and relationships with healthcare services and researchers; and (iii) perception of risk. Study participants held differing perceptions of their health; some did not consider themselves to have a heart condition or disagreed with the medical term 'heart failure'. Relationships between participants, research staff, and clinical management teams influenced participants' experiences and decision making during the trial, including following clinical advice. There were differences in participants' perceptions of risk and their decisions to take heart failure medication after the trial was completed. Although the original TRED-HF trial did not provide the results many had hoped for, a strong motivator for taking part was the opportunity to withdraw medication in a safely monitored environment which had been previously considered by some participants before. Investigators acknowledged that the insights gained from the study can now be used to support evidence-based conversations with patients. CONCLUSIONS: For people whose dilated cardiomyopathy is in remission, decisions to continue, reduce, or stop their medication are influenced by perceptions of personal health, perceive risk and the important of work, employment, recreation, relationships, and long-term plans. The unique relationship between patient and cardiologist provides opportunities to promote honest discussion about adherence to medication and personalized long-term management.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
Heart ; 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The effect of moderate excess alcohol consumption is widely debated and has not been well defined in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). There is need for a greater evidence base to help advise patients. We sought to evaluate the effect of moderate excess alcohol consumption on cardiovascular structure, function and outcomes in DCM. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal observational cohort study. Patients with DCM (n=604) were evaluated for a history of moderate excess alcohol consumption (UK government guidelines; >14 units/week for women, >21 units/week for men) at cohort enrolment, had cardiovascular magnetic resonance and were followed up for the composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, heart failure and arrhythmic events. Patients meeting criteria for alcoholic cardiomyopathy were not recruited. RESULTS: DCM patients with a history of moderate excess alcohol consumption (n=98, 16%) had lower biventricular function and increased chamber dilatation of the left ventricle, right ventricle and left atrium, as well as increased left ventricular hypertrophy compared with patients without moderate alcohol consumption. They were more likely to be male (alcohol excess group: n=92, 94% vs n=306, 61%, p=<0.001). After adjustment for biological sex, moderate excess alcohol was not associated with adverse cardiac structure. There was no difference in midwall myocardial fibrosis between groups. Prior moderate excess alcohol consumption did not affect prognosis (HR 1.29, 95% CI 0.73 to 2.26, p=0.38) during median follow-up of 3.9 years. CONCLUSION: DCM patients with moderate excess alcohol consumption have adverse cardiac structure and function at presentation, but this is largely due to biological sex. Alcohol may contribute to sex-specific phenotypic differences in DCM. These findings help to inform lifestyle discussions for patients with DCM.

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