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1.
Biomarkers ; 25(1): 69-75, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752540

RESUMO

Introduction: The present study evaluates CD30 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHQ) in 216 patients with de novo DLBCL.Methods: CD30 expression was assessed retrospectively in all cases by IHQ. More than >0% and >20% of CD30 expression in the malignant cells were used as a cut-off for positivity. Survival was analysed in 176 patients treated with R-CHOP/R-CHOP-like regimens.Results: CD30 expression >0% was found in 66 (31%) patients, and >20% in 41 (19%). Younger patients <60 years (p = 0.03), good performance status (p = 0.04), and non-GCB subtype (p = 0.004) correlated with CD30 expression. No significant differences were found in overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS), although there was a trend towards better PFS in CD30-positive patients (p = 0.07). Among 7 patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive-DLBCL, CD30 was expressed in 71%, and 2-year PFS significantly inferior compared with CD30-positive EBV-negative-DLBCL patients (p = 0.01).Conclusion: CD30 is expressed in 30% of DLBCL patients, in whom targeted therapy with an anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody could be explored. CD30 is expressed more frequently younger patients, with better performance status and in the non-GCB subtype and its expression trends towards a better PFS. No significant differences regarding characteristics at diagnosis or prognosis were found between groups with different cut-off for positivity.

2.
Eur J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To clarify the impact of histological grades in follicular lymphoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 250 patients diagnosed with FL treated with chemoimmunotherapy: 188 patients were grades 1-2 and 62 grade 3A. RESULTS: In our series, grade 3A FL patients were older, higher proportion of localised disease and lower bone marrow infiltration at diagnosis comparing grades 1-2 FL patients. Estimated six-year progression-free survival and time to progression showed no differences between both groups [grade 3A: 56% (95%CI: 39%-73%) and 51% (95%CI: 41%-61%) vs grades 1-2:55% (95%CI: 46%-63%) and 57% (95%CI: 49%-65%), P = .782 and P = .521, respectively]. Estimated six-year overall survival was lower, 76% (95%CI: 64%-88%) for the grade 3A group than grades 1-2 83% (95%CI: 77%-89%); P = .044. In addition to that, cumulative incidence curves of death not related to lymphoma at 10 years between groups were as follows: [0.26 (95%CI: 0.25-0.27) and 0.05 (95%CI: 0.04-0.06) for G3AFL and G1-2FL, respectively], P = .010. Grade 3A FL showed in PFS curve no relapses after 6 years. These results were absolutely reproduced in 199 patients receiving R-CHOP regimen as induction. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate similar long-term outcomes in terms of progression-free survival and time to progression in grades 1-2 and 3A. No relapses were observed in G3AFL group after 6 years.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-7, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684781

RESUMO

The discriminative power of International Prognostic Index (IPI) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) decreased with the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)-IPI and the Grupo Español de Linfomas y Trasplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea (GELTAMO)-IPI were developed to improve the risk prediction for DLBCL patients. We aim to validate the NCCN-IPI and GELTAMO-IPI in a large and homogeneous cohort of 337 DLBCL patients treated with curative intent with R-CHOP/R-CHOP-like immunochemotherapy. The IPI stratifies patients in two independent risk groups and the estimated 5-year overall survival (OS) of the high-risk (HR) group was 43%. NCCN-IPI discriminated four risk groups and GELTAMO-IPI three risk groups of patients. The predicted 5-year OS of the HR group was 38% and 29%, respectively. NCCN-IPI and GELTAMO-IPI are more accurate prognostic indices than IPI in DBLCL patients treated with immunochemotherapy. GELTAMO-IPI demonstrated enhanced discrimination than NCCN-IPI for the higher-risk population.

6.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(5): 564-568, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475375

RESUMO

Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) refractory to front-line immunochemotherapy (ICT) have a poor overall survival (OS). Gene mutation analysis may be more accurate than classical risk factors to pick out these patients before treatment. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of selected genetic mutations in a cohort of patients with high-risk FL. Twenty-five patients with FL refractory to front-line ICT and 10 non-refractory patients matched for age, sex, and FLIPI score were included. We sequenced 18 genes (custom targeted sequencing panel) previously reported to potentially have prognostic impact, including the seven genes necessary to determine m7FLIPI risk. The 35 patients had a median age of 62. The FLIPI and FLIPI2 were high in 27 (84%) and 14 (48%), respectively. Three-year progression-free survival (PFS) and OS probabilities were 25% (95% CI, 13%-41%) and 53% (34%-69%), respectively. There were 73 variants in the 18 genes among the 35 patients. The median number of mutations per patient was 1 (interquartile range, 0-3). The most commonly mutated genes were CREBBP (11 of 35, 31%) and EP300 (10 of 35, 29%). EP300 mutations were associated with refractoriness to treatment (10 of 25 among refractory and 0 of 10 among non-refractory). In conclusion, in this study, patients with high-risk follicular lymphoma were genetically heterogeneous.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Idoso , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Mutação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Front Oncol ; 9: 707, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448227

RESUMO

Introduction: HER2-enriched subtype has been associated with higher response to neoadjuvant anti-HER2-based therapy across various clinical trials. However, limited data exist in real-world practice and regarding residual disease. Here, we evaluate the association of HER2-enriched with pathological response (pCR) and gene expression changes in pre- and post-treatment paired samples in HER2-positive breast cancer patients treated outside of a clinical trial. Methods: We evaluated clinical-pathological data from a consecutive series of 150 patients with stage II-IIIC HER2-positive breast cancer treated from August 2004 to December 2012 with trastuzumab-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Expression of 105 breast cancer-related genes, including the PAM50 genes, was determined in available pre-and post-treatment formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples using the nCounter platform. Intrinsic molecular subtypes were determined using the research-based PAM50 predictor. Association of genomic variables with total pCR was performed. Results: The pCR rate was 53.3%, with higher pCR among hormonal receptor (HR)-negative tumors (70 vs. 39%; P < 0.001). A total of 89 baseline and 28 residual tumors were profiled, including pre- and post-treatment paired samples from 26 patients not achieving a pCR. HER2-enriched was the predominant baseline subtype not only in the overall and HR-negative cohorts (64 and 75%, respectively), but also in the HR-positive cohort (55%). HER2-enriched was associated with higher pCR rates compared to non-HER2-enriched subtypes (65 vs. 31%; OR = 4.07, 95% CI 1.65-10.61, P < 0.002) and this association was independent of HR status. In pre- and post-treatment paired samples from patients not achieving a pCR, a lower proportion of HER2-enriched and twice the number of luminal tumors were observed at baseline, and luminal A was the most frequent subtype in residual tumors. Interestingly, most (81.8%) HER2-enriched tumors changed to non-HER2-enriched, whereas most luminal A samples maintained the same subtype in residual tumors. Conclusions: Outside of a clinical trial, PAM50 HER2-enriched subtype predicts pCR beyond HR status following trastuzumab-based chemotherapy in HER2-positive disease. The clinical value of intrinsic molecular subtype in residual disease warrants further investigation.

8.
Rev. esp. patol ; 52(2): 130-135, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182701

RESUMO

La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans (HCL) es una enfermedad caracterizada por la proliferación de células dendríticas CD1a+con compromiso orgánico único o difuso. La identificación de mutaciones génicas recurrentes ha confirmado la hipótesis de HCL como una verdadera neoplasia. La papulosis linfomatoide (PL) pertenece al espectro de los linfomas cutáneos primarios CD30+. La HCL ha sido descrita en asociación con otros trastornos linfoproliferativos, pero hasta la fecha, las lesiones constituidas por células de Langerhans (CL) han sido consideradas de carácter reactivo, relacionada con citocinas producidas por la interacción linfoma microambiente. Algunos autores designan estas lesiones «Langerhans cells like lesions». Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 28 años con HCL multisistémica y presencia simultánea de lesiones de PL con hiperplasia reactiva de CL


Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a disease characterized by proliferation of CD1a+dendritic cells with local or diffuse organ compromise. The identification of recurrent gene mutations has confirmed the hypothesis of LCH as a true neoplasm. Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) belongs to the spectrum of CD30+primary cutaneous lymphomas. LCH has been described in association with other lymphoproliferative disorders. However, lesions constituted by Langerhans cells (LC) have been commonly considered reactive, related to cytokines produced by the lymphoma-microenvironment interaction. Some authors designate these lesions as "Langerhans cells-like lesions". We present the case of a 28-years-old woman with multisystem LCH and simultaneous PyL lesions with reactive LC hyperplasia


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Papulose Linfomatoide/patologia , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/patologia , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Cladribina/uso terapêutico
9.
Rev Esp Patol ; 52(2): 130-135, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902378

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a disease characterized by proliferation of CD1a+dendritic cells with local or diffuse organ compromise. The identification of recurrent gene mutations has confirmed the hypothesis of LCH as a true neoplasm. Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) belongs to the spectrum of CD30+primary cutaneous lymphomas. LCH has been described in association with other lymphoproliferative disorders. However, lesions constituted by Langerhans cells (LC) have been commonly considered reactive, related to cytokines produced by the lymphoma-microenvironment interaction. Some authors designate these lesions as "Langerhans cells-like lesions". We present the case of a 28-years-old woman with multisystem LCH and simultaneous PyL lesions with reactive LC hyperplasia.

10.
Histopathology ; 75(6): 799-812, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30861172

RESUMO

AIMS: The clinical implications of the programmed cell death 1 (PD1)/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) axis in patients with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders are largely unknown, and its association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status and PD-L1 copy number alterations (CNAs) has not been thoroughly studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: PD1/PD-L1 expression was studied in 50 adult post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders, and the correlations with PD-L1 CNAs, EBV, clinicopathological features and outcome were evaluated. Thirty-seven (74%) cases were classified as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), nine (18%) cases were classified as polymorphic, and four (8%) cases were classified as classic Hodgkin lymphoma. Thirty-four cases were EBV-positive, with 29 of 34 (85%) having latency II or III, and 15 of 34 (44%) having viral replication. PD-L1 expression in tumour cells and tumour-associated macrophages was observed in 30 (60%) and 37 (74%) cases, respectively. PD1 positivity was seen in 16 (32%) cases. PD-L1 expression was associated with EBV with latency II or III (P = 0.001) and organ rejection (P = 0.04), and, in DLBCL, with non-germinal centre type DLBCL (P < 0.001). Cases with PD-L1-positive tumour cells showed a higher number of PD-L1 CNAs than PD-L1-negative cases (P = 0.001). Patients with EBV/latency III/replication and simultaneous PD-L1 expression showed the worst overall survival (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The PD1/PD-L1 axis is deregulated in post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders, with frequent PD-L1 expression and PD1 negativity. PD-L1 expression is associated with EBV latency II or III and PD-L1 CNAs, and probably reflects a proinflammatory tumour microenvironment. The combined analysis of EBV status and PD-L1 expression may help to identify deeply immunosuppressed patients who can benefit from immune reconstitution approaches.

11.
J Cutan Pathol ; 46(3): 182-189, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous follicular center-cell lymphoma (PCFCL) is one of the most common types of cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. Differences in immunohistochemical expression of BCL2 and CD10 antigens along with the presence of t(14:18) translocation in neoplastic cells have been postulated as relevant clues in differentiating PCFCL from cutaneous lesions secondary to a systemic follicular lymphoma (SCFL). The aim of this study is to evaluate the significance and usefulness of these parameters in a large series of patients. METHODS: Patients with PCFCL and SCFL diagnosed at three university hospitals in Barcelona, from 2000 to 2015 were reviewed. Clinical, histopathological, immunophenotypical, genetic, and outcome parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: Eighty-one cases (59 PCFCL and 22 SCFL) were included. There were no significant differences between PCFCL and SCFL cases regarding clinical presentation, site of involvement, or predominant type of skin lesions. Most patients in both groups showed positivity for BCL2 and CD10, but strong expression of BCL2 and CD10 was associated with SCFL cases. Although more frequent in SCFL, a small proportion of PCFCL cases also showed the t(14:18) on FISH analysis. CONCLUSION: The intensity of BCL2 expression was found to be the single most valuable clue in differentiating PCFCL from SCFL cases on histopathological grounds.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 14/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 18/genética , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neprilisina/análise , Neprilisina/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/análise , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Translocação Genética/genética , Adulto Jovem
12.
Blood ; 133(9): 940-951, 2019 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30538135

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation resulting in overexpression of cyclin D1. However, a small subset of cyclin D1- MCL has been recognized, and approximately one-half of them harbor CCND2 translocations while the primary event in cyclin D1-/D2- MCL remains elusive. To identify other potential mechanisms driving MCL pathogenesis, we investigated 56 cyclin D1-/SOX11+ MCL by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), whole-genome/exome sequencing, and gene-expression and copy-number arrays. FISH with break-apart probes identified CCND2 rearrangements in 39 cases (70%) but not CCND3 rearrangements. We analyzed 3 of these negative cases by whole-genome/exome sequencing and identified IGK (n = 2) and IGL (n = 1) enhancer hijackings near CCND3 that were associated with cyclin D3 overexpression. By specific FISH probes, including the IGK enhancer region, we detected 10 additional cryptic IGK juxtapositions to CCND3 (6 cases) and CCND2 (4 cases) in MCL that overexpressed, respectively, these cyclins. A minor subset of 4 cyclin D1- MCL cases lacked cyclin D rearrangements and showed upregulation of CCNE1 and CCNE2. These cases had blastoid morphology, high genomic complexity, and CDKN2A and RB1 deletions. Both genomic and gene-expression profiles of cyclin D1- MCL cases were indistinguishable from cyclin D1+ MCL. In conclusion, virtually all cyclin D1- MCLs carry CCND2/CCND3 rearrangements with immunoglobulin genes, including a novel IGK/L enhancer hijacking mechanism. A subset of cyclin D1-/D2-/D3- MCL with aggressive features has cyclin E dysregulation. Specific FISH probes may allow the molecular identification and diagnosis of cyclin D1- MCL.


Assuntos
Ciclina D2/genética , Ciclina D3/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Rearranjo Gênico , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Idoso , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética , Translocação Genética
13.
Haematologica ; 104(4): 778-788, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29954928

RESUMO

Constitutive activation of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 has been associated with tumor progression, invasion, and chemotherapy resistance in different cancer subtypes. Although the CXCR4 pathway has recently been suggested as an adverse prognostic marker in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, its biological relevance in this disease remains underexplored. In a homogeneous set of 52 biopsies from patients, an antibody-based cytokine array showed that tissue levels of CXCL12 correlated with high microvessel density and bone marrow involvement at diagnosis, supporting a role for the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis in disease progression. We then identified the tetra-amine IQS-01.01RS as a potent inverse agonist of the receptor, preventing CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis and triggering apoptosis in a panel of 18 cell lines and primary cultures, with superior mobilizing properties in vivo than those of the standard agent. IQS-01.01RS activity was associated with downregulation of p-AKT, p-ERK1/2 and destabilization of MYC, allowing a synergistic interaction with the bromodomain and extra-terminal domain inhibitor, CPI203. In a xenotransplant model of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the combination of IQS-01.01RS and CPI203 decreased tumor burden through MYC and p-AKT downregulation, and enhanced the induction of apoptosis. Thus, our results point out an emerging role of CXCL12-CXCR4 in the pathogenesis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and support the simultaneous targeting of CXCR4 and bromodomain proteins as a promising, rationale-based strategy for the treatment of this disease.

15.
Stem Cell Reports ; 8(5): 1392-1407, 2017 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28457887

RESUMO

Taxanes are a mainstay of treatment for breast cancer, but resistance often develops followed by metastatic disease and mortality. Aiming to reveal the mechanisms underlying taxane resistance, we used breast cancer patient-derived orthoxenografts (PDX). Mimicking clinical behavior, triple-negative breast tumors (TNBCs) from PDX models were more sensitive to docetaxel than luminal tumors, but they progressively acquired resistance upon continuous drug administration. Mechanistically, we found that a CD49f+ chemoresistant population with tumor-initiating ability is present in sensitive tumors and expands during the acquisition of drug resistance. In the absence of the drug, the resistant CD49f+ population shrinks and taxane sensitivity is restored. We describe a transcriptional signature of resistance, predictive of recurrent disease after chemotherapy in TNBC. Together, these findings identify a CD49f+ population enriched in tumor-initiating ability and chemoresistance properties and evidence a drug holiday effect on the acquired resistance to docetaxel in triple-negative breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Integrina alfa6/metabolismo , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Células Cultivadas , Docetaxel , Feminino , Humanos , Integrina alfa6/genética , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/transplante , Taxoides/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
16.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 41(7): 877-886, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28288039

RESUMO

MYC translocation is a defining feature of Burkitt lymphoma (BL), and the new category of high-grade B-cell lymphomas with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations, and occurs in 6% to 15% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs). The low incidence of MYC translocations in DLBCL makes the genetic study of all these lymphomas cumbersome. Strategies based on an initial immunophenotypic screening to select cases with a high probability of carrying the translocation may be useful. LMO2 is a germinal center marker expressed in most lymphomas originated in these cells. Mining gene expression profiling studies, we observed LMO2 downregulation in BL and large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) with MYC translocations, and postulated that LMO2 protein expression could assist to identify such cases. We analyzed LMO2 protein expression in 46 BLs and 284 LBCL. LMO2 was expressed in 1/46 (2%) BL cases, 146/268 (54.5%) DLBCL cases, and 2/16 (12.5%) high-grade B-cell lymphoma cases with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations. All BLs carried MYC translocation (P<0.001), whereas LMO2 was only positive in 6/42 (14%) LBCL with MYC translocation (P<0.001). The relationship between LMO2 negativity and MYC translocation was further analyzed in different subsets of tumors according to CD10 expression and cell of origin. Lack of LMO2 expression was associated with the detection of MYC translocations with high sensitivity (87%), specificity (87%), positive predictive value and negative predictive value (74% and 94%, respectively), and accuracy (87%) in CD10 LBCL. Comparing LMO2 and MYC protein expression, all statistic measures of performance of LMO2 surpassed MYC in CD10 LBCL. These findings suggest that LMO2 loss may be a good predictor for the presence of MYC translocation in CD10 LBCL.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linfoma de Burkitt/metabolismo , Genes myc , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfoma de Burkitt/genética , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Histopathology ; 69(4): 667-79, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27144366

RESUMO

AIMS: Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL) is usually composed of medium- to large-sized lymphoid cells showing prominent angiotrophism and tumour cell necrosis. We report 13 cases composed predominantly of small lymphocytes diagnosed in the United States and Western Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients included seven females and six males aged 17-75 years. Ten presented with sinonasal and three with buccal disease. Nine had stage IE/IIE and four had stage IV disease. In five of seven patients with multiple biopsies at different time-intervals, the lymphoma was misinterpreted as representing chronic inflammation on an earlier biopsy. In all cases morphology showed a dense infiltrate of small lymphoid cells with minimal cytological atypia. Necrosis, angioinvasion and angiodestruction were each seen in 17%, 22% and 17% of biopsies. Median Ki67 was 5%. Four patients died of lymphoma 4-16 months after diagnosis, including three of four patients with stage IV disease; seven (54%) are alive with no evidence of disease at a median of 39 months; one patient with stage IV disease is alive at 10 months and one recurred at 17 months. CONCLUSIONS: In sinonasal biopsies with predominantly small lymphocytic infiltrates with admixed chronic inflammation, focal hypercellularity, focal surface ulceration or microscopic bone invasion by small lymphoid cells should alert pathologists to the possibility of small-cell predominant ENKTCL. Awareness of the full histological spectrum of ENKTCL, particularly in non-endemic areas, is important in avoiding a delay in diagnosis and ensuring timely initiation of therapy.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 156(1): 195-201, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26951504

RESUMO

Molecular evidence has linked the pathophysiology of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) to that of metastatic breast cancer. Following on this observation, we assessed the association between LAM and subsequent breast cancer. An epidemiological study was carried out using three LAM country cohorts, from Japan, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The number of incident breast cancer cases observed in these cohorts was compared with the number expected on the basis of the country-specific incidence rates for the period 2000-2014. Immunohistochemical studies and exome sequence analysis were performed in two and one tumors, respectively. All cohorts revealed breast cancer standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) ≥ 2.25. The combined analysis of all cases or restricted to pre-menopausal age groups revealed significantly higher incidence of breast cancer: SIR = 2.81, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 1.32-5.57, P = 0.009; and SIR = 4.88, 95 % CI = 2.29-9.99, P = 0.0007, respectively. Immunohistochemical analyses showed positivity for known markers of lung metastatic potential. This study suggests the existence of increased breast cancer risk among LAM patients. Prospective studies may be warranted to corroborate this result, which may be particularly relevant for pre-menopausal women with LAM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Linfangioleiomiomatose/complicações , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Linfangioleiomiomatose/genética , Linfangioleiomiomatose/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha/epidemiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
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