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2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4470, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32161286

RESUMO

An increasing number of centers not necessarily equipped with biplane (BP) angiosuites are performing mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in acute ischemic stroke patients. We assessed whether MT performed on single-plane (SP) is equivalent in terms of safety, effectiveness, radiation and contrast agent exposure. Consecutive patients treated by MT in four high volume centers between January 2014 and May 2017 were included. Demographic and MT characteristics were assessed and compared between SP and BP. Of 906 patients treated by MT, 576 (64%) were handled on a BP system. After multivariate analysis, contrast load and fluoroscopy duration were significantly lower in the BP group [100vs200mL, relative effect 0.85 (CI: 0.79-0.92), p = 0.0002; 22 vs 27 min, relative effect 0.84 (CI: 0.76-0.93), p = 0.0008, respectively]. There was no difference in recanalization (modified Thrombolysis-In-Cerebral-Infarction 2b-3), good clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0-2), complications rates, procedure duration or radiation exposure. A three-vessel diagnostic angiogram performed prior to MT led to a significant increase in procedure duration (15% increase, p = 0.05), radiation exposure (33% increase, p < 0.0001) and contrast load (125% increase, p < 0.0001). Mechanical neuro-thrombectomy seems equally safe and effective on a single or biplane angiography system despite increased contrast load and fluoroscopy duration on the former.

3.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-10, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32217800

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Coverage of the anterior spinal artery (ASA) ostia is a source of considerable consternation regarding flow diversion (FD) in vertebral artery (VA) aneurysms due to cord supply. The authors sought to assess the association between coverage of the ASA, posterior spinal artery (PSA), or lateral spinal artery (LSA) ostia when placing flow diverters in distal VAs and clinical outcomes, with emphasis on cord infarction. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study of 7 institutions in which VA aneurysms were treated with FD between 2011 and 2019 was performed. The authors evaluated the risk of ASA and PSA/LSA occlusion, associated thromboembolic complication, complications overall, aneurysm occlusion status, and functional outcome. RESULTS: Sixty patients with 63 VA and posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms treated with FD were identified. The median aneurysm diameter was 7 mm and fusiform type was the commonest morphology (42.9%). During a procedure, 1 (61.7%) or 2 (33.3%) flow diverters were placed. Complete occlusion was achieved in 71.9%. Symptomatic thromboembolic complications occurred in 7.4% of cases and intracranial hemorrhage in 10.0% of cases. The ASA and PSA/LSA were identified in 51 (80.9%) and 35 (55.6%) complications and covered by the flow diverter in 29 (56.9%) and 13 (37.1%) of the procedures, respectively. Patency after flow diverter coverage on last follow-up was 89.2% for ASA and 100% for PSA/LSA, not significantly different between covered and noncovered groups (p = 0.5 and p > 0.99, respectively). No complications arose from coverage. CONCLUSIONS: FD aneurysm treatment in the posterior circulation with coverage of ASA or PSA/LSA was not associated with higher rates of occlusion of these branches or any instances of cord infarction.

4.
Stroke ; 51(5): 1522-1529, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188367

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Antiplatelet agents could be used in the setting of endovascular therapy for tandem occlusions to reduce the risk of de novo intracranial embolic migration, reocclusion of the extracranial internal carotid artery lesion, or in-stent thrombosis in case of carotid stent placement but have to be balanced with the intracerebral hemorrhagic transformation risk. In this study, we aim to investigate the impact of acute antiplatelet therapy administration on outcomes during endovascular therapy for anterior circulation tandem occlusions. Methods- This is a retrospective analysis of a collaborative pooled analysis of 11 prospective databases from the multicenter observational TITAN registry (Thrombectomy in Tandem Lesions). Patients were divided into groups based on the number of antiplatelet administered during endovascular therapy. The primary outcome was favorable outcome, defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 2 at 90 days. Results- This study included a total of 369 patients; 145 (39.3%) did not receive any antiplatelet agent and 224 (60.7%) received at least 1 antiplatelet agent during the procedure. Rate of favorable outcome was nonsignificantly higher in patients treated with antiplatelet therapy (58.3%) compared with those treated without antiplatelet (46.0%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.38 [95% CI, 0.78-2.43]; P=0.26). Rate of 90-day mortality was significantly lower in patients treated with antiplatelet therapy (11.2% versus 18.7%; adjusted odds ratio, 0.47 [95% CI, 0.22-0.98]; P=0.042), without increasing the risk of any intracerebral hemorrhage. Successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Ischemia score 2b-3) rate was significantly better in the antiplatelet therapy group (83.9% versus 71.0%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.89 [95% CI, 1.01-3.64]; P=0.045). Conclusions- Administration of antiplatelet therapy during endovascular therapy for anterior circulation tandem occlusions was safe and was associated with a lower 90-day mortality. Optimal antiplatelet therapy remains to be assessed, especially when emergent carotid artery stenting is performed. Further randomized controlled trials are needed.

5.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of intracranial aneurysms with flow diverter stent (FDS) procedures can lead to caliber changes of jailed vessels. The reason some branches remain unchanged and others are affected by narrowing remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of resistance to flow from distal vasculature on stent-induced hemodynamic modifications affecting bifurcating vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiological images and demographic data were acquired for 142 aneurysms treated with a FDS. Vascular resistance was estimated from patient-specific anatomic data. Correlation analysis was used to identify correspondence between anatomic data and clinical outcome. Computational Fluid Dynamics was performed on a typical patient-specific model to evaluate the influence of FDS on flow. Relevant hemodynamic variables along the bifurcating vessels were quantitatively analyzed and validated with in vitro data obtained using power Doppler ultrasound. RESULTS: Statistical analysis showed a correlation between clinical outcome and FDS resistance to flow considering overall jailed vessel vascular resistance (r=0.5, P<0.001). Computational predictions of blood flow showed that hemodynamics is minimally affected by FDS treatment in the ophthalmic artery. CONCLUSIONS: Jailed vessels are affected by narrowing when resistance to flow from the FDS constitutes a larger proportion of the overall vessel resistance to flow. This knowledge may contribute to better understanding of intracranial hemodynamics after a FDS procedure and reinforce indications for flow diversion in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms.

6.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Advanced Thrombectomy System (ANCD) provides a new funnel component designed to reduce clot fragmentation and facilitate retrieval in patients with stroke by locally restricting flow, allowing distal aspiration in combination with a stent retriever (SR). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the preclinical efficacy and safety of the ANCD in a swine clot model. METHODS: Soft and firm clots were implanted in the lingual and cervical arteries of 11 swine to obtain Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) 0 blood flow. Mechanical thrombectomy was performed with either a balloon guide catheter+Solitaire 2 stent retriever (BGC+SR, n=13) or ANCD+SR (n=13). TICI flow was evaluated and successful revascularization was defined as TICI 3 (normal perfusion). To characterize safety, a total of 3 passes were performed in each vessel independent of recanalization. Tissues were explanted for histopathological analysis after 3 and 30 days, respectively. RESULTS: First pass reperfusion rates were ANCD+SR: 69% and BGC+SR: 46%. Reperfusion increased after the third pass in both groups (ANCD+SR: 100%, vs BGC+SR: 77%). Recanalization was achieved after an average of 1.4 and 1.9 passes in ANCD+SR and BGC+SR (p=0.095), respectively. Vessel injury was comparable in both groups; endothelial loss at 3 days was the most common injury seen (ANCD+SR: 1.78±1.22; BGC+SR: 2.03±1.20; p=0.73), while other histopathological markers were absent or minimal. Tissues downstream from targeted vessels also showed absence or minimal lesions across both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Results in a swine clot model support the high efficacy of the ANCD+SR without causing clinically significant vessel injury potentially related to the new funnel component.

7.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 12(1): 2-6, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31239326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the proven benefit of neurothrombectomy, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) remains the most serious procedural complication. The aim of this analysis was to identify predictors of different hemorrhage subtypes and evaluate their individual impact on clinical outcome. METHODS: Pooled individual patient-level data from three large prospective multicenter studies were analyzed for the incidence of different ICH subtypes, including any ICH, hemorrhagic transformation (HT), parenchymal hematoma (PH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). All patients (n=389) treated with the Solitaire device were included in the analysis. A multivariate stepwise logistic regression model was used to identify predictors of each hemorrhage subtype. RESULTS: General anesthesia and higher baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score (ASPECTS) were associated with a lower probability of any ICH (OR 0.36, p=0.003), (OR 0.80, p=0.032) and HT (OR 0.54, p=0.023), (OR 0.78, p=0.001), respectively. Longer time from onset to treatment was associated with a higher likelihood of HT (OR 1.08, p=0.001) and PH (OR 1.11, p=0.015). Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) was also a strong predictor of PH (OR 7.63, p=0.013). Functional independence at 90 days (modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0-2) was observed significantly less frequently in all hemorrhage subtypes except SAH. None of the patients who achieved functional independence at 90 days had sICH. CONCLUSIONS: General anesthesia and smaller baseline ischemic core are associated with a lower probability of HT whereas IV-tPA and prolonged time to treatment increase the risk of PH after neurothrombectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: SWIFT-NCT01054560; post results, SWIFT PRIME-NCT01657461; post results, STAR-NCT01327989; post results.

9.
Stroke ; 51(1): 247-253, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744425

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Because of unique attributes of mechanical thrombectomy performed between 6 and 24 hours after symptom onset in acute ischemic stroke patients, it is not known if predictors of angiographic recanalization and favorable outcome in patients treated with thrombectomy in the late (6-24 hour) time window are similar to those treated in the early time window. Methods- We analyzed data from the DAWN trial (DWI or CTP Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) which enrolled patients with symptom onset 6 to 24hours after last known well and occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery or proximal middle cerebral artery with a mismatch between severity of clinical deficit and infarct core volume as identified by computed tomography-perfusion or diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. We evaluated the effect of tandem occlusions, periprocedural heparin use, procedural speed (from puncture to procedure completion), general anesthesia, balloon-guide catheters, thrombectomy device size, and number of passes on substantial reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 2b/3) and on likelihood of obtaining a modified Rankin Scale at 3 months indicating functional independence. Results- Of 107 patients who underwent MT in the interventional arm of DAWN, substantial reperfusion and modified Rankin Scale score 0 to 2 at 3 months was seen in 90 (84%) and 52 (49%), respectively. In univariate analysis, general anesthesia (odds ratio [OR] 0.27; P=0.042) and ≥3 passes with stent retriever (OR, 0.17; P=0.002) were inversely associated with substantial reperfusion. In multivariate analyses, only ≥3 passes were associated with lack of revascularization (OR, 0.17; P=0.002). in univariate analysis ≥3 passes (OR, 0.24; P =0.003) and baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score >17 (OR, 0.19; P<0.001) were inversely associated with functional independence at 3 months. In multivariate analyses, ≥3 passes (OR, 0.24; P=0.003) and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score >17 (OR, 0.19; P<0.001) remained inversely associated with favorable outcome at 3 months. Conclusions- Patients requiring ≥3 thrombectomy passes had reduced substantial reperfusion and favorable outcome at 3 months in DAWN. Whether or not additional thrombectomy techniques beyond ≥3 thrombectomy passes with the Trevo stent retriever are beneficial for patient outcomes in this patient population remains to be clarified by future studies. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02142283.

10.
Neuroradiology ; 62(1): 7-14, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676960

RESUMO

This document sets out standards for training in Interventional Neuroradiology (INR) in Europe. These standards have been developed by a working group of the European Society of Neuroradiology (ESNR) and the European Society of Minimally Invasive Neurological Therapy (ESMINT) on the initiative and under the umbrella of the Division of Neuroradiology/Section of Radiology of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS).

11.
Neurosurgery ; 86(Supplement_1): S21-S34, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838536

RESUMO

Over the past decade, flow diverter technology for endocranial aneurysms has seen rapid evolution, with the development of new devices quickly outpacing the clinical evidence base. However, flow diversion has not yet been directly compared to surgical aneurysm clipping or other endovascular procedures. The oldest and most well-studied device is the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; Medtronic), recently transitioned to the Pipeline Flex (Medtronic), which still has sparse data regarding outcomes. To date, other flow diverting devices have not been shown to outperform the PED, although information comes primarily from retrospective studies with short follow-up, which are not always comparable. Because of this lack of high-quality outcome data, no reliable recommendations can be made for choosing among flow diversion devices yet. Moreover, the decision to proceed with flow diversion should be individualized to each patient. In this work, we wish to provide a comprehensive overview of the technical specifications of all flow diverter devices currently available, accompanied by a succinct description of the evidence base surrounding each device.

12.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-9, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Clinical evidence on giant intracranial aneurysms (GIAs), intracranial aneurysms with a diameter of at least 25 mm, is limited. The authors aimed to investigate the natural history, case fatality, and treatment outcomes of ruptured and unruptured GIAs. METHODS: In this international observational registry study, patients with a ruptured or unruptured GIA received conservative management (CM), surgical management (SM), or endovascular management (EM). The authors investigated rupture rates and case fatality. RESULTS: The retrospective cohort comprised 219 patients with GIAs (21.9% ruptured GIAs and 78.1% unruptured GIAs) whose index hospitalization occurred between January 2006 and November 2016. The index hospitalization in the prospective cohort (362 patients with GIAs [17.1% ruptured and 82.9% unruptured]) occurred between December 2008 and February 2017. In the retrospective cohort, the risk ratio for death at a mean follow-up of 4.8 years (SD 2.2 years) after CM, compared with EM and SM, was 1.63 (95% CI 1.23-2.16) in ruptured GIAs and 3.96 (95% CI 2.57-6.11) in unruptured GIAs. In the prospective cohort, the 1-year case fatality in ruptured GIAs/unruptured GIAs was 100%/22.0% during CM, 36.0%/3.0% after SM, and 39.0%/12.0% after EM. Corresponding 1-year rupture rates in unruptured GIAs were 25.0% during CM, 1.2% after SM, and 2.5% after EM. In unruptured GIAs, the HR for death within the 1st year in patients with posterior circulation GIAs was 6.7 (95% CI 1.5-30.4, p < 0.01), with patients with a GIA at the supraclinoid internal carotid artery as reference. Different sizes of unruptured GIAs were not associated with 1-year case fatality. CONCLUSIONS: Rupture rates for unruptured GIAs were high, and the natural history and treatment outcomes for ruptured GIAs were poor. Patients undergoing SM or EM showed lower case fatality and rupture rates than those undergoing CM. This difference in outcome may in part be influenced by patients in the CM group having been found poor candidates for SM or EM.Clinical trial registration no.: NCT02066493 (clinicaltrials.gov).

13.
Stroke ; 50(12): 3471-3480, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765296

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Flow diverters are used for endovascular therapy of intracranial aneurysms. We did a nationwide prospective study to investigate the safety and effectiveness of flow diversion at 12 months. Methods- DIVERSION was a national prospective cohort study including all flow diverters placement between October 2012 and February 2014 in France. The primary end point was the event-free survival rate at 12 months, defined as the occurrence of morbidity (intracranial hemorrhage, ischemic stroke, noncerebral hemorrhage, or neurological deficit due to mass effect), retreatment, or death within 12 months post-treatment. A quality control was carried out on 100% of the collected data and of at least 10% of the included patients in each center, chosen at random. All reported serious events were adjudicated by an independent Data Safety and Monitoring Board. Satisfactory occlusion was defined as 3 or 4 on Kamran scale by an independent imaging core laboratory at 12 months. Results- We enrolled 398 patients harboring 477 intracranial aneurysms. At least 1 morbidity-mortality event was noted in 95 of 408 interventions representing an event-free survival rate of 75.7% (95% CI, 71.1-79.7). The rate of permanent-related serious events and mortality was 5.9% and 1.2% at 12 months, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that high baseline blood pressure (hazard ratio, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.35-4.79; P=0.039), diabetes mellitus (hazard ratio, 3.70; 95% CI, 1.60-8.6; P=0.0022), and larger aneurysms (hazard ratio, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.04-1.11; P<0.0001) were associated with the occurrence of a neurological deficit. The satisfactory occlusion rate at 12 months was 79.9%, and the absence of high baseline blood pressure (odds ratio, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.12-3.71; P=0.0193) and postprocedural satisfactory occlusion (odds ratio, 2.75; 95% CI, 1.49-5.09; P=0.0012) were associated with a 12-month satisfactory occlusion. Conclusions- A satisfactory occlusion was achieved in almost 80% of cases after flow diverter treatment with a permanent-related serious event and mortality rates of 5.9% and 1.2% at 12 months, respectively.

14.
J Stroke ; 21(3): 340-346, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590478

RESUMO

Background and PURPOSE: Prediction of intracranial aneurysm growth risk can assist physicians in planning of follow-up imaging of conservatively managed unruptured intracranial aneurysms. We therefore aimed to externally validate the ELAPSS (Earlier subarachnoid hemorrhage, aneurysm Location, Age, Population, aneurysm Size and Shape) score for prediction of the risk of unruptured intracranial aneurysm growth. METHODS: From 11 international cohorts of patients ≥18 years with ≥1 unruptured intracranial aneurysm and ≥6 months of radiological follow-up, we collected data on the predictors of the ELAPSS score, and calculated 3- and 5-year absolute growth risks according to the score. Model performance was assessed in terms of calibration (predicted versus observed risk) and discrimination (c-statistic). RESULTS: We included 1,072 patients with a total of 1,452 aneurysms. During 4,268 aneurysm-years of follow-up, 199 (14%) aneurysms enlarged. Calibration was comparable to that of the development cohort with the overall observed risks within the range of the expected risks. The c-statistic was 0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64 to 0.73) at 3 years, compared to 0.72 (95% CI, 0.68 to 0.76) in the development cohort. At 5 years, the c-statistic was 0.68 (95% CI, 0.64 to 0.72), compared to 0.72 (95% CI, 0.68 to 0.75) in the development cohort. CONCLUSION: s The ELAPSS score showed accurate calibration for 3- and 5-year risks of aneurysm growth and modest discrimination in our external validation cohort. This indicates that the score is externally valid and could assist patients and physicians in predicting growth of unruptured intracranial aneurysms and plan follow-up imaging accordingly.

15.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319873460, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569966

RESUMO

Comprehensive stroke care is an interdisciplinary challenge. Close collaboration of cardiologists and stroke physicians is critical to ensure optimum utilisation of short- and long-term care and preventive measures in patients with stroke. Risk factor management is an important strategy that requires cardiologic involvement for primary and secondary stroke prevention. Treatment of stroke generally is led by stroke physicians, yet cardiologists need to be integrated care providers in stroke units to address all cardiovascular aspects of acute stroke care, including arrhythmia management, blood pressure control, elevated levels of cardiac troponins, valvular disease/endocarditis, and the general management of cardiovascular comorbidities. Despite substantial progress in stroke research and clinical care has been achieved, relevant gaps in clinical evidence remain and cause uncertainties in best practice for treatment and prevention of stroke. The Cardiovascular Round Table of the European Society of Cardiology together with the European Society of Cardiology Council on Stroke in cooperation with the European Stroke Organisation and partners from related scientific societies, regulatory authorities and industry conveyed a two-day workshop to discuss current and emerging concepts and apparent gaps in stroke care, including risk factor management, acute diagnostics, treatments and complications, and operational/logistic issues for health care systems and integrated networks. Joint initiatives of cardiologists and stroke physicians are needed in research and clinical care to target unresolved interdisciplinary problems and to promote the best possible outcomes for patients with stroke.

16.
Stroke ; 50(11): 3141-3146, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570085

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- It is unknown whether the benefit of thrombectomy in late presenting acute stroke patients with imaging evidence of clinical-infarct mismatch is different in patients presenting with wake-up stroke compared with those presenting with witnessed onset or unwitnessed onset. Methods- Prespecified secondary analysis was performed from DAWN (Diffusion Weighted Imaging [DWI] or Computerized Tomography Perfusion [CTP] Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention), a multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial with blinded end point assessment comparing thrombectomy with the Trevo device against standard medical therapy in patients with acute stroke and clinical-infarct mismatch presenting 6 to 24 hour after the time last seen well. For the purposes of this study, the primary outcome was the proportion of modified Rankin Scale score 0 to 2 at 90 days. Univariable analysis and multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between outcome and mode of onset. Results- All 206 enrolled patients were included in the study. Mode of onset was: wake-up stroke (55.3%, n=114), witnessed onset (12.1%, n=25), and unwitnessed onset (32.5%, n=67) with median time last seen well to randomization (13.4±3.7, 10.0±3.7, 14.1±4.9 hours) respectively. Rates of 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 2 and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage in the thrombectomy arm were not statistically different across patient onset subtypes (P=0.79 and P=0.40, respectively). The benefit of thrombectomy compared with best medical therapy was maintained across all 3 onset modes (rates of 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 2 in patients allocated to thrombectomy versus control: wake-up stroke-49.3% versus 10.6%, witnessed onset-63.6% versus 21.4%, UW-41.4% versus 13.2%; P×interaction=0.79). In univariable and multivariable analyses, mode of onset was not identified as a significant predictor of modified Rankin Scale score 0 to 2 at 90 days. Conclusions- In patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting between 6 and 24 hours from time last seen well and harboring clinical-infarct mismatch, the benefit of thrombectomy was similar regardless of the wake-up, unwitnessed, or witnessed mode of onset.

17.
Stroke ; 50(8): 2250­2252, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577899

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Emergent carotid artery stenting plus mechanical thrombectomy is an effective treatment for acute ischemic stroke patients with tandem occlusion of the anterior circulation. However, there is limited data supporting the safety of this approach in patients treated with prior intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). We aimed to investigate the safety of emergent carotid artery stenting-mechanical thrombectomy approach in stroke patient population treated with prior IVT Methods: ­We assessed patients with acute ischemic stroke because of atherosclerotic tandem occlusion that were treated with emergent carotid artery stenting-mechanical thrombectomy approach from the multicenter observational Thrombectomy in Tandem Lesions registry. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on pretreatment IVT (IVT versus no-IVT). Intracerebral hemorrhages were classified according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study II criteria. Results: Among 205 patients included in the present study, 125 (60%) received prior IVT. Time from symptoms onsetto-groin puncture was shorter (234±100 versus 256±234 minutes; P=0.002), and heparin use was less in the IVT group (14% versus 35%; P<0.001); otherwise, there was no difference in the baseline characteristics. There was no significant difference between the IVT and no-IVT groups in the rate of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (5% versus 8%; P=0.544), parenchymal hematoma type 1 to 2 (15% versus 18%; P=0.647), successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Ischemia 2b­3), or 90-day favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score of 0­2 at 90 days). The 90-day all-cause mortality rate was significantly lower in the IVT group (8% versus 20%; P=0.017). After adjusting for covariates, IVT was not associated with symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage or 90-day mortality Conclusions: Emergent carotid artery stenting-mechanical thrombectomy approach was not associated with an increased risk of hemorrhagic complications in tandem occlusion patients who received IVT before the intervention.

18.
J Neuroradiol ; 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identifying patients with intracranial aneurysms (IA) who have a high risk of rupture is critical to determine optimal management. ARETA (Analysis of Recanalization after Endovascular Treatment of intracranial Aneurysm) is a prospective, multicenter study, dedicated to evaluating endovascular treatment of IA. We aimed to identify factors associated with ruptured status, using this very large series of patients with ruptured and unruptured aneurysms. METHODS: Several analyses were conducted in the ARETA population: univariate and multivariate analyses in the whole population of patients and aneurysms to determine patient and aneurysm factors associated with aneurysm rupture, as well as a matched pair analysis (based on aneurysm size) conducted in the subgroup of patients with only one aneurysm to analyze the patient and aneurysm factors simultaneously. RESULTS: From December 2013 to May 2015, 1289 patients with 1761 aneurysms were included in ARETA. The multivariate analysis identified four patient factors: elevated blood pressure (EBP), no familial history, single IA, and active smoking, and four aneurysm factors: size≥5mm, narrow neck, irregular shape, and ACA/Acom location, associated with rupture status. In the matched pair analysis, five risk factors of rupture were identified: no familial history of aneurysm, narrow neck, active smoking, ACA/Acom location, and irregular shape. CONCLUSIONS: The most important patient factors associated with IA rupture are smoking and EBP. Given that size is a well-identified aneurysm factor, narrow neck also seems to be associated with aneurysm rupture. Further studies are needed to confirm this factor and determine underlying mechanisms. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01942512.

19.
Stroke ; 50(8): 2163-2167, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303153

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- The impact of transfer status on clinical outcomes in the DAWN (DWI or CTP Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) population is unknown. We analyzed workflow and clinical outcome differences between direct versus transfer patients in the DAWN population. Methods- The following time metrics were analyzed for each group: (1) last known well to hospital arrival, (2) hospital arrival to eligibility imaging, (3) hospital arrival to arterial puncture, (4) qualifying imaging to arterial puncture, (5) last known well to arterial puncture, (6) last known well to reperfusion. The primary end point was the rate of functional independence (90-day modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score, 0-2). Using univariate unconditional logistic regression, we calculated odds ratios and 95% CIs for the association between clinically relevant time metrics, transfer status, and functional independence (mRS 0-2). Results- A total of 206 patients were enrolled. Among these, 121 (59%) patients were transferred, and 85 (41%) patients presented directly to a thrombectomy capable center. Median time last seen well to hospital arrival time was similar between the 2 groups (678 versus 696 minutes). The time from hospital arrival to groin puncture was significantly longer in direct patients compared with transferred patients 140 minutes (interquartile range, 105.5-177.5 minutes) and 88 minutes (interquartile range, 55-125 minutes), respectively (P<0.001). Differences in treatment effect or differences in rates of mRS 0-2 in the thrombectomy treated patients were not statistically significant in direct versus transfer patients (odds ratios for mRS 0-2, thrombectomy versus control, were 5.62 in direct and 6.63 in transfer patients, respectively, Breslow-Day P=0.817). Conclusions- Although transfer patients had a faster door to puncture time, benefits of thrombectomy, and rates of mRS 0 to 2 in the treatment group were similar between direct and transferred patients in the DAWN population. These results may inform prehospital and primary stroke centers triage protocols in patients presenting in the late time window. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02142283.

20.
Stroke ; 50(9): 2404-2412, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345135

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- It is unknown whether noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) can identify patients who will benefit from intra-arterial treatment (IAT) in the extended time window. We sought to characterize baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) in DAWN (DWI or CTP Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) and to assess whether ASPECTS modified IAT effect. Methods- Core lab adjudicated ASPECTS scores were analyzed. The trial cohort was divided into 2 groups by qualifying imaging (computed tomography versus magnetic resonance imaging). ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction was tested for the trial coprimary end points (90-day utility-weighted modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score and mRS, 0-2), mRS 0 to 3, and ordinal mRS. ASPECTS was evaluated separately as an ordinal and a dichotomized (0-6 versus 7-10) variable. Results- Of 205 DAWN subjects, 123 (60%) had NCCT ASPECTS, and 82 (40%) had diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS. There was a significant ordinal NCCT ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction for 90-day utility-weighted mRS (interaction P=0.04) and mRS 0 to 2 (interaction P=0.02). For both end points, IAT effect was more pronounced at higher NCCT ASPECTS. The dichotomized NCCT ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction was significant only for mRS 0 to 2 (interaction P=0.04), where greater treatment benefit was seen in the ASPECTS 7 to 10 group (odds ratio, 7.50 [2.71-20.77] versus odds ratio, 0.48 [0.04-5.40]). A bidirectional treatment effect was observed in the NCCT ASPECTS 0 to 6 group, with treatment associated with not only more mRS 0 to 3 outcomes (50% versus 25%) but also more mRS 5 to 6 outcomes (40% versus 25%). There was no significant modification of IAT effect by diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS. Conclusions- Baseline NCCT ASPECTS appears to modify IAT effect in DAWN. Higher NCCT ASPECTS was associated with greater benefit from IAT. No treatment interaction was observed for diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS.

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