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1.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Maintenance of remission has become central in the management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The importance of interferon-alpha (IFN-α) in the pathogenesis of SLE notwithstanding, its expression in remission has been poorly studied as yet. To study its expression in remission and its prognostic value in the prediction of a disease relapse, serum IFN-α levels were determined using an ultrasensitive single-molecule array digital immunoassay which enables the measurement of cytokines at physiological concentrations. METHODS: A total of 254 SLE patients in remission, according to the Definition of Remission in SLE classification, were included in the study. Serum IFN-α concentrations were determined at baseline and patients were followed up for 1 year. Lupus flares were defined according to the Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus: National Assessment version of the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index Flare Index, whereas the Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis were used to estimate the time to relapse and to identify baseline factors associated with time to relapse, respectively. RESULTS: Of all patients in remission, 26% displayed abnormally high IFN-α serum levels that were associated with the presence of antibodies specific for ribonucleoprotein (RNP), double stranded (ds)DNA and Ro/SSA60, as well as young age. Importantly, elevated-baseline IFN-α serum levels and remission duration were associated in an independent fashion, with shorter time to relapse, while low serum levels of complement component 3 and anti-dsDNA Abs were not. CONCLUSION: Direct serum IFN-α assessment with highly sensitive digital immunoassay permits clinicians to identify a subgroup of SLE patients, clinically in remission, but at higher risk of relapse.

2.
Postgrad Med J ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467142

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to study the prevalence and risk factors associated with well-being and career satisfaction among French internal medicine physicians and residents. METHODS: A total of 1689 French internal medicine physicians or trainees were surveyed to evaluate their workload, well-being and career satisfaction during February 2018. RESULTS: The response rate was 620/1689 (37%). The mean age of the participants was 37 years (±12); 49% of the participants were female, 27% worked in the Paris area, 74% worked in a university hospital and 49% were residents. Sixty-six per cent of the responders were satisfied with their work, and 66% would choose the internal medicine specialty again. However, 71% of the responders worked more than 50 hours a week, 21% worked more than 60 hours a week and 70% believed that they did not have enough time for personal/family activities. Twenty-five per cent of the responders had at least one sign of burnout (19% of the physicians in practice and 32% of the residents). Compared with the graduate physicians in practice, the residents worked more hours a week, had more activities at night, spent more time on administrative tasks, had a worse global appreciation of their work and felt that their work was less meaningful. In multivariate analysis, the factors associated with global satisfaction at work were autonomy and meaningful work. CONCLUSIONS: French internal medicine physicians have a high rate of career satisfaction. However, residents have a higher workload, less time for personal/family activities and feel that their work is less meaningful.

3.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a common feature of mixed connective tissue disease. However, many patients do not meet the criteria for mixed connective tissue disease and thus may be diagnosed as interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features. The aim of this study was to characterize ILD associated with anti-ribonucleoprotein (RNP) antibodies. METHODS: Chest computed tomography scans of patients with anti-RNP antibody who were seen between January 2011 and October 2015 were reviewed. The underlying disease was classified with international criteria using clinical and serological features. RESULTS: Among 544 patients with anti-RNP antibodies, 188 had a chest computed tomography scan, and 48 (26%) of them had radiological features of ILD. The presence of ILD was significantly associated with dyspnea, crackles, arthritis, Raynaud phenomenon, myositis, and sicca syndrome. The most frequent pattern was nonspecific interstitial pneumonia in 39 patients (81%). Among patients with ILD, 17 (35%) had a radiological pattern consisting of cysts and ground-glass attenuation not fulfilling the lymphoid interstitial pneumonia criteria. In 3 patients, cysts were related to fibrosis; in 14 patients, cysts corresponded to an original ILD pattern. CONCLUSIONS: Interstitial lung disease was found in 26% of patients with anti-RNP antibodies independently of the underlying disease. Anti-RNP-associated ILD mainly corresponds to nonspecific interstitial pneumonia or an original pattern consisting of cysts and ground-glass attenuation.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal biopsy is the cornerstone of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) nephropathy management. However, transcutaneous renal biopsy (TCRB) is hampered by the antithrombotic treatment frequently prescribed for those diseases. Transjugular renal biopsy (TJRB) offers an attractive alternative for patients at increased risk of bleeding. The primary objective of the study was to describe the safety profile and diagnostic performance of TJRB in SLE and APS patients. METHODS: All SLE and/or APS patients who underwent a renal biopsy in our department (between January 2004 and October 2016) were retrospectively reviewed. Major complications were death, haemostasis nephrectomy, renal artery embolization, red blood cell transfusion, sepsis and vascular thrombosis; macroscopic haematuria, symptomatic perirenal/retroperitoneal bleeding and renal arteriovenous fistula without artery embolization were considered as minor complications. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-six TJRBs-119 without antithrombotics (untreated), 69 under aspirin and 68 on anticoagulants and 54 TCRBs without antithrombotics-were analysed. Their major and minor complication rates, respectively, did not differ significantly for the four groups: 0 and 8% for untreated TJRBs, 1 and 6% for aspirin-treated, 6 and 10% for anticoagulant-treated and 2 and 2% for TCRBs. The number of glomeruli sampled and the biopsy contribution to establishing a histological diagnosis was similar for the four groups. CONCLUSIONS: TJRBs obtained from SLE and APS patients taking antithrombotics had diagnostic yields and safety profiles similar to those of untreated TCRBs. Thus, TJRB should be considered for SLE and APS patients at risk of bleeding.

6.
Curr Oncol Rep ; 21(7): 62, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115724

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Provide an overview of recent progress in decoding the pathogenesis and treatment of systemic histiocytoses. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in molecular techniques over the last few years, enabling the identification of several MAPK mutations in lesion histiocytes, have revolutionized our understanding of histiocytosis that led to a revised classification and new treatments. Since the 2010 discovery of the BRAFV600E mutation in 57% of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) lesions, several other kinase mutations have been found, mostly in the MAPK pathway, and also in other key signaling pathways, in LCH, Erdheim-Chester Disease (ECD) and, less frequently, Destombes-Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD). Those revolutionary breakthroughs enhanced our understanding of the pathogenesis of histiocytosis and led to trials with targeted therapies that demonstrated notable efficacy.

10.
J Neurol ; 266(5): 1073-1078, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Infliximab is increasingly used to treat neurosarcoidosis. We aimed to determine the efficacy and tolerance of an infliximab biosimilar for treating neurosarcoidosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective single-center study to describe the efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of an infliximab biosimilar in neurosarcoidosis patients. We compared the survival time without relapse while receiving the biosimilar or previous originator-infliximab treatment. RESULTS: Twenty patients with histologically documented neurosarcoidosis were treated with an infliximab biosimilar (initiation of treatment in 12 and switch from the originator drug in 8) between February 2016 and August 2018. All patients presenting with neurological involvement of one or more areas, including meningeal (n = 15), cerebral (n = 10), spinal cord (n = 9), and/or cranial nerves (n = 5); epilepsy (n = 3); and/or intracranial hypertension (n = 3) were enrolled. Eighteen patients received glucocorticoids during infliximab treatment, and 16 had methotrexate or azathioprine concomitant treatment. The median duration of follow-up was 25 months (19-28). Six patients relapsed during biosimilar treatment. Relapse rates and time-to-relapse did not differ between the infliximab originator previously received and biosimilar treatment groups (p = 0.40 and 0.51, respectively). Nine patients experienced 11 adverse events with the infliximab biosimilar, including infections (n = 5), urticaria (n = 4), headache (n = 1), and diarrhea (n = 1). All side effects were grade 2 or less using the WHO classification. CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective study, the infliximab biosimilar was efficacious and safe for treating neurosarcoidosis.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Substituição de Medicamentos , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Sarcoidose/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30507062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: No simple or standardized assay is available to quantify interferon-α (IFNα) in routine clinical practice. Single-molecule-array (Simoa) digital enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technology enables direct IFNα quantification at fg/mL concentrations. This study was undertaken to assess IFNα digital ELISA diagnostic performances to monitor systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) activity. METHODS: IFNα concentrations in serum samples from 150 consecutive SLE patients in a cross-sectional study were determined with digital ELISA and a functional biological activity assay (bioassay). According to their SELENA-SLEDAI flare composite, patients were divided into groups with inactive (SLEDAI <4 or clinical SLEDAI =0) or active SLE (SLEDAI ≥4 or clinical SLEDAI >0), and into groups with no flare or mild/moderate flare or severe flare. RESULTS: Based on healthy blood donors, the abnormal serum-IFNα level threshold value was 136 fg/mL. Next, using receiver operating characteristics curves for an SLE-patient series, widely heterogeneous for disease activity and organ involvement, the threshold IFNα value associated with active disease was determined to be 266 fg/mL. The digital ELISA-assessed serum-IFNα level was a better biomarker of disease activity than the Farr test: its specificity, likelihood ratio for positive results and positive-predictive value better discerned active SLE or flare from inactive patients. The digital ELISA was more sensitive than the bioassay to detect low-abnormal serum-IFNα concentrations and patients with low disease activity. CONCLUSION: Direct serum-IFNα determination with a highly sensitive assay might improve monitoring of clinical SLE activity and selection of the best candidates for anti-IFNα treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Br J Haematol ; 183(4): 608-617, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421536

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative (ND) complications in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) are a late-onset but dramatic sequelae for which incidence and risk factors are not well defined. Based on a national prospective registry of paediatric LCH patients, we determined the incidence rate of clinical ND LCH (cND-LCH) and analysed risk factors, taking into account disease extent and molecular characteristics. Among 1897 LCH patients, 36 (1·9%) were diagnosed with a cND-LCH. The 10-year cumulative incidence of cND-LCH was 4·1%. cND-LCH typically affected patients previously treated for a multisystem, risk organ-negative LCH, represented in 69·4% of cND-LCH cases. Pituitary gland, skin and base skull/orbit bone lesions were more frequent (P < 0·001) in cND-LCH patients compared to those without cND-LCH (respectively 86·1% vs. 12·2%, 75·0% vs. 34·2%, and 63·9% vs. 28·4%). The 'cND susceptible patients' (n = 671) i.e., children who had experienced LCH disease with pituitary or skull base or orbit bone involvement, had a 10-year cND risk of 7·8% vs. 0% for patients who did not meet these criteria. Finally, BRAFV 600E status added important information among these cND susceptible patients, with the 10-year cND risk of 33·1% if a BRAFV 600E mutation was present compared to 2·9% if it was absent (P = 0·002).

14.
Autoimmun Rev ; 17(12): 1219-1224, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30316993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Giant-cell arteritis (GCA) is a large vessel vasculitis. Data regarding mortality are controversial. We describe the mortality data of the French death certificates for the period of 2005 to 2014. METHODS: Using multiple-cause-of-death (MCOD) analysis, we calculated age-adjusted mortality rates for GCA, examined differences in mortality rates according to age and gender and analyzed the underlying causes of death (UCD). RESULTS: We analyzed 4628 death certificates listing a diagnosis of GCA as UCD or non-underlying cause of death (NUCD). The mean age of death was 86 (±6.8) years. The overall age-standardized mortality rate among GCA patients was 7.2 per million population. Throughout the study period, the mean age of death was significantly increased (r = 0.17, p < .0001) in both genders. There was no significant difference with age repartition of death in the general population (p = .26). When GCA was listed as the UCD, most frequent associated diseases were cardiovascular (79%) and infectious diseases (35%). When GCA was reported as the NUCD, the listed UCD was a cardiovascular event in 40% of cases, neoplasm in 13%, neurodegenerative disorder in 11% and infectious disease in 10%. When GCA was the UCD or NUCD, an age-adjusted observed/expected ratio > 1 in GCA-associated mortality compared with the general population mortality was observed for tuberculosis, pneumonia and cardiovascular diseases. CONCLUSION: In this analysis of French death certificates mentioning GCA, we observed a stable standardized mortality rate between 2005 and 2014. The most frequent associated diseases were cardiovascular diseases and infections.

16.
J Neurol ; 265(10): 2333-2341, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30109479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Clinical involvement of the nervous system is uncommon during sarcoidosis. Cerebrovascular events are rarely reported during sarcoidosis and may be confused with primary angiitis of the central nervous system. The characteristics and outcomes of cerebrovascular events during sarcoidosis have not been well-evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series in our institution with an updated review of the literature from 1962 to 2017 to characterize the clinical presentation, imaging, histology and outcomes of stroke that were thought to be causally related to sarcoidosis. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (31 men, median age at stroke diagnosis of 41 years) receiving a diagnosis of stroke and sarcoidosis, including 8 new cases from our institution and 43 from the literature review, were included. Stroke was the first manifestation of sarcoidosis in 64%. The stroke was ischemic in 69% and hemorrhagic in 31%. A total of 31% experienced a transient ischemic attack before ischemic stroke. A total of 36% of patients had multiple infarcts or hemorrhages. The median number of cardiovascular risk factors was 0. Concerning histological presentation, vascular or perivascular involvement was present in all cases. After a median follow-up of 12 months (after stroke), up to 50% of patients had developed a permanent neurological impairment, 16% had a recurrence of stroke, and 23% died. CONCLUSIONS: Cerebrovascular events may be the first manifestation of neurosarcoidosis, and have a prognosis impact in such patients, leading to death and permanent neurological impairment.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/complicações , Sarcoidose/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/patologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoidose/patologia , Sarcoidose/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 38(8): 1913-1925, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29930009

RESUMO

Objective- Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by the infiltration of multiple tissues with lipid-laden histiocytes. Cardiovascular involvement is frequent in ECD and leads to a severe prognosis. The objective of this study was to determine whether an alteration of lipid metabolism participates in the lipid accumulation in histiocytes and the cardiovascular involvement in ECD. Approach and Results- An analysis of plasma lipid levels indicated that male ECD patients carrying the BRAFV600E (B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase) mutation exhibited hypoalphalipoproteinemia, as demonstrated by low plasma HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) levels. Capacity of sera from male BRAFV600E ECD patients to mediate free cholesterol efflux from human macrophages was reduced compared with control individuals. Cardiovascular involvement was detected in 84% of the ECD patients, and we reported that the presence of the BRAFV600E mutation and hypoalphalipoproteinemia is an independent determinant of aortic infiltration in ECD. Phenotyping of blood CD14+ cells, the precursors of histiocytes, enabled the identification of a specific inflammatory signature associated with aortic infiltration which was partially affected by the HDL phenotype. Finally, the treatment with vemurafenib, an inhibitor of the BRAFV600E mutation, restored the defective sera cholesterol efflux capacity and reduced the aortic infiltration. Conclusions- Our findings indicate that hypoalphalipoproteinemia in male ECD patients carrying the BRAFV600E mutation favors the formation of lipid-laden histiocytes. In addition, we identified the BRAF status and the HDL phenotype as independent determinants of the aortic involvement in ECD with a potential role of HDL in modulating the infiltration of blood CD14+ cells into the aorta.

18.
Blood ; 131(26): 2877-2890, 2018 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29720485

RESUMO

Rosai-Dorfman-Destombes disease (RDD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by accumulation of activated histiocytes within affected tissues. RDD, which now belongs to the R group of the 2016 revised histiocytosis classification, is a widely heterogeneous entity with a range of clinical phenotypes occurring in isolation or in association with autoimmune or malignant diseases. Recent studies have found NRAS, KRAS, MAP2K1, and ARAF mutations in lesional tissues, raising the possibility of a clonal origin in some forms of RDD. More than 1000 reports have been published in the English literature; however, there is a lack of consensus regarding approach for the clinical management of RDD. Although in most cases RDD can be observed or treated with local therapies, some patients with refractory or multifocal disease experience morbidity and mortality. Here we provide the first consensus multidisciplinary recommendations for the diagnosis and management of RDD. These recommendations were discussed at the 32nd Histiocyte Society Meeting by an international group of academic clinicians and pathologists with expertise in RDD. We include guidelines for clinical, laboratory, pathologic, and radiographic evaluation of patients with RDD together with treatment recommendations based on clinical experience and review of the literature.

19.
Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm ; 5(3): e452, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29845092

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe clinicopathologic features of muscular sarcoidosis and the associated sarcoidosis phenotype through a nationwide multicenter study. Methods: Patients were included if they had histologically proven sarcoidosis and symptomatic muscular involvement confirmed by biological, imaging, or histologic examinations. Results: Forty-eight patients (20 males) were studied, with a median age at muscular symptoms onset of 45 years (range 18-71). Four patterns were identified: a nodular pattern (27%); smoldering phenotype (29%); acute, subacute, or progressive myopathic type (35%); and combined myopathic and neurogenic pattern (10%). In all patterns, sarcoidosis was multivisceral with a median of 3 extramuscular organs involved (mostly lungs, lymph nodes, eyes, and skin) and a prolonged course with long-term use of corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs. Muscular patterns differed according to clinical presentation (myalgia, nodules, or weakness), electromyographic findings, muscular MRI, and response to sarcoidosis treatment. The myopathic and neuromuscular patterns were more severe. Conclusion: This nationwide study of muscular sarcoidosis allowed the identification of 4 patterns of granulomatous myositis, which differed by phenotypes and the clinical course.

20.
N Engl J Med ; 378(14): 1364-5, 2018 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29619817
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