Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 90
Filtrar
1.
Blood ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067622

RESUMO

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a clonal hematopoietic disorder characterized by the accumulation of foamy histiocytes within organs, in particular frequent retroperitoneal involvement, and a high frequency of BRAFV600E mutations. Although ECD is not commonly recognized to have overt peripheral blood (PB) or bone marrow (BM) disease, we recently identified that ECD patients have a high frequency of a concomitant myeloid malignancy. Given this finding and the fact that clonal hematopoiesis frequency precedes development of myeloid malignancies, we conducted a systematic clinical and molecular analysis of the BM from 120 ECD patients. Surprisingly, 42.5% (51/120) of ECD patients had clonal hematopoiesis while 15.8% (19/120) of patients developed an overt hematologic malignancy (nearly all of which were a myeloid neoplasm). The most frequently mutated genes in BM were TET2, ASXL1, DNMT3A, and NRAS. ECD patients with clonal hematopoiesis were more likely to be older (p<0.0001), have retroperitoneal involvement (p=0.02), and harbor a BRAFV600E mutation (p=0.049) than those without clonal hematopoiesis. The presence of the TET2 mutation was associated with a BRAFV600E mutation in tissue ECD lesions (p=0.0006) and TET2 mutant ECD patients were more likely to have vascular involvement than TET2 wild-type ECD patients. Clonal hematopoiesis mutations in ECD were detected in cells derived from CD34+CD38- BM progenitors and PB monocytes but less frequently present in PB B- and T-lymphocytes. These data identify a heretofore unrecognized high frequency of clonal hematopoiesis in ECD patients, reaffirm the development of additional high risk of myeloid neoplasms in ECD, and provide evidence of a BM-based precursor cell-of-origin for many patients with ECD.

3.
Acta Paediatr ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975844

RESUMO

AIM: To present the first case series of patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) also affected by Crohn's disease (CD), both of which are granulomatous diseases, and in LCH investigate the role of interleukin (IL)-23, which is a well-described disease mediator in CD. METHODS: A case series of three patients with LCH and CD were described; a cohort of LCH patients (n = 55) as well as controls (n = 55) were analysed for circulating IL-23 levels; and the relation between the percentage of LCH cells in lesions and circulating IL-23 levels was analysed in seven LCH patients. RESULTS: Differential diagnostic challenges for these two granulomatous diseases were highlighted in the case series, and it took up to 3 years to diagnose CD. Elevated IL-23 levels were found in LCH patients. The amount of lesional LCH cells correlated with the levels of circulating IL-23. CONCLUSION: Both CD and LCH should be considered in patients with inflammatory gastrointestinal involvement. The IL-23 pathway is a common immunological trait between these two granulomatous diseases.

10.
Intern Med J ; 50(4): 477-480, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270623

RESUMO

Medical meetings are a time for increasing scientific visibility and leadership. We aimed to examine women's representation in French National Internal Medicine meetings (2013-2018). Women represented 25% of congress presidents, 22% of plenary session speakers, 19% of plenary session moderators and 25% oral session moderators, but 45% of anonymously selected oral communication speakers. Women are under-represented among invited speakers in French Internal Medicine meetings.

11.
Int J Cardiol ; 307: 94-100, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is a challenging diagnosis. Patients may progress to end-stage congestive heart failure and require cardiac transplantation without ever having been diagnosed. Characteristics and outcomes of patients with granulomas in the explanted hearts are unknown. METHODS: All French heart transplantation centers were contacted to participate in the study. Each center searched through local databases for the cases of non-caseating granuloma in the explanted hearts between 2000 and 2017. Data before and after transplantation were recorded from medical charts. Survival of CS and all- cause heart transplantation patients were compared. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (10 men, 5 women) received a diagnosis of CS based on pathologic data of the explanted heart and were recruited for the study. All patients were diagnosed as non-ischemic dilated or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and presented congestive heart failure. Eight patients (53%) had ventricular rhythm disturbances, and 3 (20%) a complete heart block. Ten out of 13 patients (77%) had extracardiac radiological signs compatible with sarcoidosis on chest computed tomography (CT) scans. One patient died 3 months after transplantation from infectious complications. The 14 remaining patients were still alive at the end of the study (median follow-up of 28.8 months). One patient had a second heart transplantation 5 years later because of chronic allograft vasculopathy. One patient presented a relapse of CS confirmed by myocardial biopsies 9 years after transplantation, requiring an escalation of immunosuppressive therapy. CONCLUSION: CS may be undiagnosed before heart transplantation. In 77% of cases, sarcoidosis could have been detected before transplantation with non-invasive imaging techniques.

12.
Br J Haematol ; 189(5): 869-878, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191819

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare protean disease that usually affects children. Few data are available for management of adult-onset cases. A complete picture of the efficacy and safety of 2CdA (2-chlorodeoxyadenosine, cladribine) is lacking. We report a retrospective multicentre study of 23 adult LCH (a-LCH) patients who received single-agent 2CdA and a systematic literature review. All had previously received systemic therapy (vinblastine, n = 19). Response to 2CdA was evaluable in 22 cases. Overall response rate (ORR) was 91%. Complete response (CR) occurred in 11 cases (50%). Nine patients (39%) developed grade 3-4 neutropenia and/or severe infection. A literature review yielded 48 additional cases. A pooled analysis confirmed our findings (ORR: 88%, CR: 49%). CRs were rare with cumulative dose <50 mg/m2 . Disease progression rates were 20% and 30% at two and five years, respectively. Partial response (PR) to 2CdA was predictive of disease progression. Among eight re-treated patients, five went into CR, two in PR, and one died. Single-agent 2CdA is effective in reactivated a-LCH, including at intermediate doses. Toxicity, significant but acceptable, warrants infectious prophylaxis. Complete responders may enter prolonged remission. Further studies are needed to determine 2CdA sequencing with other agents (vinblastine, cytarabine).

13.
Blood ; 135(22): 1929-1945, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187362

RESUMO

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare histiocytosis that was recently recognized as a neoplastic disorder owing to the discovery of recurrent activating MAPK (RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK) pathway mutations. Typical findings of ECD include central diabetes insipidus, restrictive pericarditis, perinephric fibrosis, and sclerotic bone lesions. The histopathologic diagnosis of ECD is often challenging due to nonspecific inflammatory and fibrotic findings on histopathologic review of tissue specimens. Additionally, the association of ECD with unusual tissue tropism and an insidious onset often results in diagnostic errors and delays. Most patients with ECD require treatment, except for a minority of patients with minimally symptomatic single-organ disease. The first ECD consensus guidelines were published in 2014 on behalf of the physicians and researchers within the Erdheim-Chester Disease Global Alliance. With the recent molecular discoveries and the approval of the first targeted therapy (vemurafenib) for BRAF-V600-mutant ECD, there is a need for updated clinical practice guidelines to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. This document presents consensus recommendations that resulted from the International Medical Symposia on ECD in 2017 and 2019. Herein, we include the guidelines for the clinical, laboratory, histologic, and radiographic evaluation of ECD patients along with treatment recommendations based on our clinical experience and review of literature in the molecular era.

14.
Blood ; 135(16): 1311-1318, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107533

RESUMO

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is characterized by the infiltration of tissues by foamy CD68+CD1a- histiocytes, with 1500 known cases since 1930. Mutations activating the MAPK pathway are found in more than 80% of patients with ECD, mainly the BRAFV600E activating mutation in 57% to 70% of cases, followed by MAP2K1 in close to 20%. The discovery of BRAF mutations and of other MAP kinase pathway alterations, as well as the co-occurrence of ECD with LCH in 15% of patients with ECD, led to the 2016 revision of the classification of histiocytoses in which LCH and ECD belong to the "L" group. Both conditions are considered inflammatory myeloid neoplasms. Ten percent of ECD cases are associated with myeloproliferative neoplasms and/or myelodysplastic syndromes. Some of the most striking signs of ECD are the long bone involvement (80%-95%), as well as the hairy kidney appearance on computed tomography scan (63%), the coated aorta (40%), and the right atrium pseudo-tumoral infiltration (36%). Central nervous system involvement is a strong prognostic factor and independent predictor of death. Interferon-α seems to be the best initial treatment of ECD. Since 2012, more than 200 patients worldwide with multisystem or refractory ECD have benefitted from highly effective therapy with BRAF and MEK inhibitors. Targeted therapies have an overall, robust, and reproducible efficacy in ECD, with no acquired resistance to date, but their use may be best reserved for the most severe manifestations of the disease, as they may be associated with serious adverse effects and as-yet-unknown long-term consequences.

16.
J Neurol ; 267(4): 994-1003, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Susac syndrome is a very rare cerebral small vessel disease, which can leave patients with cognitive impairment. We aimed at evaluating processing speed slowing, executive dysfunction and apathy and their relationships with whole brain and callosal atrophy. METHODS: Patients with Susac syndrome included in a prospective observational cohort study were evaluated, while clinically steady-state, with standardized brain MRI and a neuropsychological battery specifically designed to capture minimal cognitive alterations in non-disabled young patients. Brain volume and corpus callosum area were measured using 3D-T1 sequences, repeatedly overtime. Relationships between neuropsychological data and brain volumetric measures obtained the same day were tested with linear regression while controlling for sex, age, level of education, scores of depression and of apathy. RESULTS: Nineteen patients aged 37.5 ± 10.5 years were included. Mean follow-up time was 2.6 ± 1.3 years (5.8 ± 2.2 evaluations). While Montreal Cognitive Assessment scores were 25.1 ± 3.6, processing speed slowing was obvious (Trail Making Test version A: 43.1 ± 16.2 s; version B: 95.5 ± 67.9 s; reaction time: 314.6 ± 79.6 ms). Brain and corpus callosum atrophy was striking. No relationship was found between cognitive performances and brain volume or corpus callosum area. CONCLUSION: Patients with Susac syndrome show largely preserved global cognitive functions but important processing speed alterations. Although brain and corpus callosum area atrophy is prominent and evolving, we did not find any relationship with cognitive alterations, questioning the mechanisms underlying cognitive alterations in these patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registration-URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT01481662.

18.
Int J Neurosci ; 130(5): 435-437, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679396

RESUMO

Neurosarcoidosis is a rare inflammatory neurological condition. We describe a challenging radiological presentation of neurosarcoidosis. The eclipse sign refers to hypo T1-weighted parenchymal or leptomeningeal images surrounded by circular gadolinium enhancement. The eclipse sign was identified in 3 out of 46 patients with histologically-proven neurosarcoidosis. The eclipse sign may correspond to necrotizing parenchymal or leptomeningeal granuloma. This sign expands the spectrum of radiological presentations of neurosarcoidosis.

19.
Chest ; 157(2): 323-333, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Destombes-Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare multisystemic histiocytosis. Pulmonary involvement during RDD has been poorly described. The goal of this study was to examine the clinical presentations, radiological features, and outcomes of 15 patients with RDD and lung involvement. METHODS: The cases of RDD with lung involvement were extracted from the French National Histiocytosis registry. Efficacy of the MEK inhibitor cobimetinib in treating lung disease was evaluated with an 18fluorodeoxyglucose PET scanner and chest CT scans. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (six women; median age, 40 years at RDD diagnosis) were included. All patients had evidence of systemic disease with extrapulmonary localizations of the disease (lymphadenopathy [n = 12], skin [n = 9], bones [n = 6], retroperitoneal involvement [n = 3], sinuses [n = 3], parotid gland [n = 2], submandibular gland [n = 1], and breast [n = 1]). Presenting symptoms were dominated by dyspnea and dry cough in seven patients. Restrictive physiology was observed in two of five patients. BAL showed lymphocytosis in one of five cases. Eight patients received corticosteroids, all but one with variable immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory therapies. Two patients received cobimetinib for severe lung disease, with dramatic pulmonary metabolic and tumoral responses. Two patients died during follow-up: one of hemoptysis, and the other of an unrelated cerebral tumor. CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary involvement in RDD is rare, proteiform, and sometimes severe. The MEK inhibitor cobimetinib can lead to dramatic responses.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA