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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939477


As data sources become ever more numerous with increased feature dimensionality, feature selection for multiview data has become an important technique in machine learning. Semi-supervised multiview feature selection (SMFS) focuses on the problem of how to obtain a discriminative feature subset from heterogeneous feature spaces in the case of abundant unlabeled data with little labeled data. Most existing methods suffer from unreliable similarity graph structure across different views since they separate the graph construction from feature selection and use the fixed graphs that are susceptible to noisy features. Furthermore, they directly concatenate multiple feature projections for feature selection, neglecting the contribution diversity among projections. To alleviate these problems, we present an SMFS to simultaneously select informative features and learn a unified graph through the data fusion from aspects of feature projection and similarity graph. Specifically, SMFS adaptively weights different feature projections and flexibly fuses them to form a joint weighted projection, preserving the complementarity and consensus of the original views. Moreover, an implicit graph fusion is devised to dynamically learn a compatible graph across views according to the similarity structure in the learned projection subspace, where the undesirable effects of noisy features are largely alleviated. A convergent method is derived to iteratively optimize SMFS. Experiments on various datasets validate the effectiveness and superiority of SMFS over state-of-the-art methods.

IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst ; 29(11): 5643-5654, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29993821


The explosive growth of text data requires effective methods to represent and classify these texts. Many text learning methods have been proposed, like statistics-based methods, semantic similarity methods, and deep learning methods. The statistics-based methods focus on comparing the substructure of text, which ignores the semantic similarity between different words. Semantic similarity methods learn a text representation by training word embedding and representing text as the average vector of all words. However, these methods cannot capture the topic diversity of words and texts clearly. Recently, deep learning methods such as CNNs and RNNs have been studied. However, the vanishing gradient problem and time complexity for parameter selection limit their applications. In this paper, we propose a novel and efficient text learning framework, named Latent Topic Text Representation Learning. Our method aims to provide an effective text representation and text measurement with latent topics. With the assumption that words on the same topic follow a Gaussian distribution, texts are represented as a mixture of topics, i.e., a Gaussian mixture model. Our framework is able to effectively measure text distance to perform text categorization tasks by leveraging statistical manifolds. Experimental results on text representation and classification, and topic coherence demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Sensors (Basel) ; 16(11)2016 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27827836


We address the problem of accurately locating buried utility segments by fusing data from multiple sensors using a novel Marching-Cross-Section (MCS) algorithm. Five types of sensors are used in this work: Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), Passive Magnetic Fields (PMF), Magnetic Gradiometer (MG), Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (LFEM) and Vibro-Acoustics (VA). As part of the MCS algorithm, a novel formulation of the extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is proposed for marching existing utility tracks from a scan cross-section (scs) to the next one; novel rules for initializing utilities based on hypothesized detections on the first scs and for associating predicted utility tracks with hypothesized detections in the following scss are introduced. Algorithms are proposed for generating virtual scan lines based on given hypothesized detections when different sensors do not share common scan lines, or when only the coordinates of the hypothesized detections are provided without any information of the actual survey scan lines. The performance of the proposed system is evaluated with both synthetic data and real data. The experimental results in this work demonstrate that the proposed MCS algorithm can locate multiple buried utility segments simultaneously, including both straight and curved utilities, and can separate intersecting segments. By using the probabilities of a hypothesized detection being a pipe or a cable together with its 3D coordinates, the MCS algorithm is able to discriminate a pipe and a cable close to each other. The MCS algorithm can be used for both post- and on-site processing. When it is used on site, the detected tracks on the current scs can help to determine the location and direction of the next scan line. The proposed "multi-utility multi-sensor" system has no limit to the number of buried utilities or the number of sensors, and the more sensor data used, the more buried utility segments can be detected with more accurate location and orientation.

PLoS One ; 10(6): e0127769, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26126116


Today, the workflows that are involved in industrial assembly and production activities are becoming increasingly complex. To efficiently and safely perform these workflows is demanding on the workers, in particular when it comes to infrequent or repetitive tasks. This burden on the workers can be eased by introducing smart assistance systems. This article presents a scalable concept and an integrated system demonstrator designed for this purpose. The basic idea is to learn workflows from observing multiple expert operators and then transfer the learnt workflow models to novice users. Being entirely learning-based, the proposed system can be applied to various tasks and domains. The above idea has been realized in a prototype, which combines components pushing the state of the art of hardware and software designed with interoperability in mind. The emphasis of this article is on the algorithms developed for the prototype: 1) fusion of inertial and visual sensor information from an on-body sensor network (BSN) to robustly track the user's pose in magnetically polluted environments; 2) learning-based computer vision algorithms to map the workspace, localize the sensor with respect to the workspace and capture objects, even as they are carried; 3) domain-independent and robust workflow recovery and monitoring algorithms based on spatiotemporal pairwise relations deduced from object and user movement with respect to the scene; and 4) context-sensitive augmented reality (AR) user feedback using a head-mounted display (HMD). A distinguishing key feature of the developed algorithms is that they all operate solely on data from the on-body sensor network and that no external instrumentation is needed. The feasibility of the chosen approach for the complete action-perception-feedback loop is demonstrated on three increasingly complex datasets representing manual industrial tasks. These limited size datasets indicate and highlight the potential of the chosen technology as a combined entity as well as point out limitations of the system.

Algoritmos , Saúde Ocupacional , Fluxo de Trabalho , Cognição , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Aprendizagem , Medicina do Trabalho , Integração de Sistemas , Interface Usuário-Computador