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3.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(5): 588-595, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of triclosan-coated suture for the reduction of infection in saphenectomy wounds of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: A total of 508 patients who underwent saphenectomy in CABG surgery were included in a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial from February/2011 to June/2014. Patients were randomized into the triclosan-coated suture group (n= 251) and the conventional non-antibiotic suture group (n=257). Demographic (gender and age), clinical (body mass index, diabetes, and use of analgesics), and intraoperative (cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp times) variables and those related to the saphenectomy wound (pain, dehiscence, erythema, infection, necrosis, and hyperthermia) were measured and analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 508 patients who underwent saphenectomy, 69.9% were males and 40.2% were diabetic. Thirty-three (6.5%) patients presented infection: 13 (5.3%) with triclosan and 20 (7.9%) with conventional suture (P=0.281). Among diabetic patients (n=204), triclosan suture was used in 45.1% with four cases of infection; conventional suture was used in 54.9% of them, with 11 cases of infection. Most patients (94.3%) underwent on-pump CABG. Wound pain was observed in 9.9% of patients with triclosan-coated suture and in 17.9% with conventional suture (P=0.011). Wound hyperthermia was found in 1.6% of patients with triclosan-coated suture and in 5.4% of those with conventional suture (P=0.028). CONCLUSION: Triclosan-coated suture shows lower infection rate in saphenectomy of patients undergoing CABG, although the differences were not statistically significant. Pain and wound hyperthermia were less frequent in patients with triclosan-coated sutures compared with conventional sutures.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Poliglactina 910/uso terapêutico , Veia Safena/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Técnicas de Sutura , Triclosan/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Complicações do Diabetes , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 492-504, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1040093

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become a therapeutic option for high-risk or non-operable patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Atrioventricular conduction disturbances requiring permanent pacemaker (PPM) are a common and clinically important complication. Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of conduction disorders (CDs) after TAVI and the need for subsequent PPM implantation. To identify the predictors of postoperative PPM implantation. Methods: Retrospective study. All patients who underwent TAVI in a public hospital from December/2011 to June/2016 were included. Multivariate analysis was conducted to establish the predictor of permanent pacemaker implantation. Survival curves were constructed by the Kaplan-Meyer method. Statistically significant variables were those with p value < 0.05. Results: 64 patients with AS underwent TAVI. Eleven patients were excluded. TAVI induced a new CD in 40 (77%) of the remaining 53 patients. The most common new CDs were 3rd degree AV block (32%) and left bundle branch block (30%). Sixteen patients (30,2%) underwent PPM implantation during the index hospitalization. On univariate analysis the risk factors for PPM implantation were CoreValve® use (OR: 1,76; P = 0,005), larger prosthesis implantation (P = 0,015), presence of a QRS ≥ 120 ms (OR: 5,62; P = 0,012), and 1st degree AV block (OR: 13; P = 0.008). On multivariate analysis the presence of 1st degree AV block predicted the need for PPM. Conclusion: TAVI induced CDs requiring PPM in 30% of the patients. The presence of 1st degree AV block predicted the need for PPM.

6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 588-595, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042049

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of triclosan-coated suture for the reduction of infection in saphenectomy wounds of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods: A total of 508 patients who underwent saphenectomy in CABG surgery were included in a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial from February/2011 to June/2014. Patients were randomized into the triclosan-coated suture group (n= 251) and the conventional non-antibiotic suture group (n=257). Demographic (gender and age), clinical (body mass index, diabetes, and use of analgesics), and intraoperative (cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp times) variables and those related to the saphenectomy wound (pain, dehiscence, erythema, infection, necrosis, and hyperthermia) were measured and analyzed. Results: Of the 508 patients who underwent saphenectomy, 69.9% were males and 40.2% were diabetic. Thirty-three (6.5%) patients presented infection: 13 (5.3%) with triclosan and 20 (7.9%) with conventional suture (P=0.281). Among diabetic patients (n=204), triclosan suture was used in 45.1% with four cases of infection; conventional suture was used in 54.9% of them, with 11 cases of infection. Most patients (94.3%) underwent on-pump CABG. Wound pain was observed in 9.9% of patients with triclosan-coated suture and in 17.9% with conventional suture (P=0.011). Wound hyperthermia was found in 1.6% of patients with triclosan-coated suture and in 5.4% of those with conventional suture (P=0.028). Conclusion: Triclosan-coated suture shows lower infection rate in saphenectomy of patients undergoing CABG, although the differences were not statistically significant. Pain and wound hyperthermia were less frequent in patients with triclosan-coated sutures compared with conventional sutures.

7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
9.
Arch Med Res ; 49(4): 278-281, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30268703

RESUMO

The heart has an intense aerobic metabolism and is among the most metabolically active organs in the body. Its tissue stores fatty acid, the main energetic substrate, and requires high concentrations of plasma L-carnitine. This nutrient is essential in the transport of fatty acids to the mitochondria to generate energy and maintain the proper concentration of coenzyme A free. In decompensated chronic heart failure metabolic changes, associated with inflammation, alter the metabolism of L-carnitine and compromise cardiac energy metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate plasma L-carnitine in chronic heart failure patients during cardiac decompensation. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 109 volunteers with chronic heart failure. Participants were stratified in the compensated (HF compensated) and decompensated (decompensated HF) groups. Plasma L-carnitine was evaluated by the spectrophotometric enzymatic method. Low plasma L-carnitine was found in the decompensated HF group (p = 0.0001). In this group it was also observed that 29.1% of the participants presented plasma L-carnitine below the reference range (<20 mmol). Reduced plasma L-carnitine in patients with decompensated chronic systolic heart failure was founded. These findings suggest that plasma L-carnitine assessment may be helpful in clinical practice for the treatment of patients with cardiac decompensation.

10.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29948896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) has been useful in the evaluation of myocardial inflammatory processes. However, it is challenging to identify them due to physiological 18F-FDG uptake. There are no publications demonstrating the application of FDG in post-transplant rejection in humans yet. The aim of this study is to determine the feasibility of suppression of myocardial FDG uptake in post-transplant patients, comparing three different protocols of preparation. METHODS: Ten patients after heart transplantation were imaged by FDG associated with three endomyocardial biopsies (EMB), scheduled in the first year after the procedure. Before each imaging, patients were randomized to one of three preparations: (1) hyperlipidic-hypoglycemic diet; (2) fasting longer than 12 hours; and (3) fasting associated with intravenous heparin. All patients would undergo the three methods. FDG images were analyzed using visual analysis scores and relative radiotracer cardiac uptake (RRCU). RESULTS: The suppression rate of radiotracer activity ranged from 55% to 62%. Visual analysis showed that preparation 3 presented less efficacy in the suppression compared to the others. However, RRCU did not show difference between the preparations. CONCLUSIONS: Suppression of physiological myocardial FDG uptake after cardiac transplantation is feasible. The usefulness of heparin in the suppression is unclear.

11.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(1): 1-7, 2018 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29617494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has been an alternative to invasive treatment for symptomatic severe aortic stenosis in high risk patients. The primary endpoint was 30-day and 1-year mortality from any cause. Secondary endpoints were to compare the clinical and echocardiographic variation pre-and post- transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and the occurrence of complications throughout a 4-year follow-up period. METHODS: This prospective cohort, nestled to a multicenter study (Registro Brasileiro de Implante de Bioprótese por Cateter), describes the experience of a public tertiary center in transcatheter aortic valve replacement. All patients who underwent this procedure between October 2011 and February 2016 were included. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement. The 30-day all-cause mortality was 5.2% (n=3) and after 1 year was 17.2% (n=10). A significant improvement in New York Heart Association functional classification was observed when comparing pre-and post- transcatheter aortic valve replacement (III or IV 84.4% versus 5.8%; P<0.001). A decline in peak was observed (P<0.001) and mean (P<0.001) systolic transaortic gradient. The results of peak and mean post-implant transaortic gradient were sustained after one year (P=0.29 and P=0.36, respectively). Left ventricular ejection fraction did not change significantly during follow-up (P=0.41). The most frequent complications were bleeding (28.9%), the need for permanent pacemaker (27.6%) and acute renal injury (20.6%). CONCLUSION: Mortality and complications in this study were consistent with worldwide experience. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement had positive clinical and hemodynamic results, when comparing pre-and post-procedure, and the hemodynamic profile of the prosthesis was sustained throughout follow-up.

12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(1): 1-7, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-897979

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has been an alternative to invasive treatment for symptomatic severe aortic stenosis in high risk patients. The primary endpoint was 30-day and 1-year mortality from any cause. Secondary endpoints were to compare the clinical and echocardiographic variation pre-and post- transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and the occurrence of complications throughout a 4-year follow-up period. Methods: This prospective cohort, nestled to a multicenter study (Registro Brasileiro de Implante de Bioprótese por Cateter), describes the experience of a public tertiary center in transcatheter aortic valve replacement. All patients who underwent this procedure between October 2011 and February 2016 were included. Results: Fifty-eight patients underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement. The 30-day all-cause mortality was 5.2% (n=3) and after 1 year was 17.2% (n=10). A significant improvement in New York Heart Association functional classification was observed when comparing pre-and post- transcatheter aortic valve replacement (III or IV 84.4% versus 5.8%; P<0.001). A decline in peak was observed (P<0.001) and mean (P<0.001) systolic transaortic gradient. The results of peak and mean post-implant transaortic gradient were sustained after one year (P=0.29 and P=0.36, respectively). Left ventricular ejection fraction did not change significantly during follow-up (P=0.41). The most frequent complications were bleeding (28.9%), the need for permanent pacemaker (27.6%) and acute renal injury (20.6%). Conclusion: Mortality and complications in this study were consistent with worldwide experience. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement had positive clinical and hemodynamic results, when comparing pre-and post-procedure, and the hemodynamic profile of the prosthesis was sustained throughout follow-up.

14.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(3): 202-209, 2017 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28832799

RESUMO

Objective:: To assess heart rhythm and predictive factors associated with sinus rhythm after one year in patients with rheumatic valve disease undergoing concomitant surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation. Operative mortality, survival and occurrence of stroke after one year were also evaluated. Methods:: Retrospective longitudinal observational study of 103 patients undergoing rheumatic mitral valve surgery and ablation of atrial fibrillation using uni- or bipolar radiofrequency between January 2013 and December 2014. Age, gender, functional class (NYHA), type of atrial fibrillation, EuroSCORE, duration of atrial fibrillation, stroke, left atrial size, left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiopulmonary bypass time, myocardial ischemia time and type of radiofrequency were investigated. Results:: After one year, 66.3% of patients were in sinus rhythm. Sinus rhythm at hospital discharge, lower left atrial size in the preoperative period and bipolar radiofrequency were associated with a greater chance of sinus rhythm after one year. Operative mortality was 7.7%. Survival rate after one year was 92.3% and occurrence of stroke was 1%. Conclusion:: Atrial fibrillation ablation surgery with surgical approach of rheumatic mitral valve resulted in 63.1% patients in sinus rhythm after one year. Discharge from hospital in sinus rhythm was a predictor of maintenance of this rhythm. Increased left atrium and use of unipolar radiofrequency were associated with lower chance of sinus rhythm. Operative mortality rate of 7.7% and survival and stroke-free survival contribute to excellent care results for this approach.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Ablação por Cateter/mortalidade , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Análise Multivariada , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cardiopatia Reumática/mortalidade , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(3): 202-209, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-897907

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To assess heart rhythm and predictive factors associated with sinus rhythm after one year in patients with rheumatic valve disease undergoing concomitant surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation. Operative mortality, survival and occurrence of stroke after one year were also evaluated. Methods: Retrospective longitudinal observational study of 103 patients undergoing rheumatic mitral valve surgery and ablation of atrial fibrillation using uni- or bipolar radiofrequency between January 2013 and December 2014. Age, gender, functional class (NYHA), type of atrial fibrillation, EuroSCORE, duration of atrial fibrillation, stroke, left atrial size, left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiopulmonary bypass time, myocardial ischemia time and type of radiofrequency were investigated. Results: After one year, 66.3% of patients were in sinus rhythm. Sinus rhythm at hospital discharge, lower left atrial size in the preoperative period and bipolar radiofrequency were associated with a greater chance of sinus rhythm after one year. Operative mortality was 7.7%. Survival rate after one year was 92.3% and occurrence of stroke was 1%. Conclusion: Atrial fibrillation ablation surgery with surgical approach of rheumatic mitral valve resulted in 63.1% patients in sinus rhythm after one year. Discharge from hospital in sinus rhythm was a predictor of maintenance of this rhythm. Increased left atrium and use of unipolar radiofrequency were associated with lower chance of sinus rhythm. Operative mortality rate of 7.7% and survival and stroke-free survival contribute to excellent care results for this approach.

17.
Clin Transplant ; 30(9): 1178-81, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27411082

RESUMO

The notable evolution of heart transplant (HTX) has paralleled the capacity of diagnosing rejection and, consequently, initiating timely treatment. Acute cellular rejection, diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy, is the most frequent in the first 6 months after HTX. HLA matching is not routinely performed in HTX due to the absence of consensus regarding its usefulness. However, the use of HLA typing might be underscored if it could predict an increased risk of rejection. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate, at a public cardiology center in Brazil, the association between HLA mismatches and the incidence of acute cellular rejection in the first 6 months after HTX. Data were obtained from hospital records and from the National Transplant System. Overall, there was no association between the number of HLA mismatches and the frequency of acute cellular rejection, but there was a tendency toward a higher incidence of rejection with HLA-DR incompatibility.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Histocompatibilidade/imunologia , Doença Aguda , Biópsia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 106(6): 519-527, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-787321

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has become an option for high-surgical-risk patients with aortic valve disease. Objective: To evaluate the in-hospital and one-year follow-up outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Methods: Prospective cohort study of transcatheter aortic valve implantation cases from July 2009 to February 2015. Analysis of clinical and procedural variables, correlating them with in-hospital and one-year mortality. Results: A total of 136 patients with a mean age of 83 years (80-87) underwent heart valve implantation; of these, 49% were women, 131 (96.3%) had aortic stenosis, one (0.7%) had aortic regurgitation and four (2.9%) had prosthetic valve dysfunction. NYHA functional class was III or IV in 129 cases (94.8%). The baseline orifice area was 0.67 ± 0.17 cm2 and the mean left ventricular-aortic pressure gradient was 47.3±18.2 mmHg, with an STS score of 9.3% (4.8%-22.3%). The prostheses implanted were self-expanding in 97% of cases. Perioperative mortality was 1.5%; 30-day mortality, 5.9%; in-hospital mortality, 8.1%; and one-year mortality, 15.5%. Blood transfusion (relative risk of 54; p = 0.0003) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (relative risk of 5.3; p = 0.036) were predictive of in-hospital mortality. Peak C-reactive protein (relative risk of 1.8; p = 0.013) and blood transfusion (relative risk of 8.3; p = 0.0009) were predictive of 1-year mortality. At 30 days, 97% of patients were in NYHA functional class I/II; at one year, this figure reached 96%. Conclusion: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was performed with a high success rate and low mortality. Blood transfusion was associated with higher in-hospital and one-year mortality. Peak C-reactive protein was associated with one-year mortality.


Resumo Fundamento: O implante de válvula aórtica por cateter tornou-se uma opção para pacientes com doença valvar aórtica de elevado risco cirúrgico. Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados dos seguimentos intra-hospitalar e de até 1 ano do implante de válvula aórtica por cateter. Métodos: Estudo de coorte prospectiva de casos de implante de válvula aórtica por cateter entre julho de 2009 e fevereiro de 2015. Análise de variáveis clínicas e do procedimento, correlacionando com mortalidade intra-hospitalar e de 1 ano. Resultados: Foram submetidos ao implante 136 pacientes, com média de idade de 83 (80-87) anos, sendo 49% mulheres, 131 (96,3%) deles com estenose aórtica, um (0,7%) com insuficiência aórtica e quatro (2,9%) com disfunção de prótese. A classe funcional da NYHA foi III ou IV em 129 (94,8%) casos. A área valvar inicial foi 0,67 ± 0,17 cm2 e o gradiente ventrículo esquerdo-aorta médio de 47,3 ± 18,2 mmHg, com STS de 9,3% (4,8%-22,3%). As próteses implantadas eram autoexpansíveis em 97% dos casos. A mortalidade peroperatória em 1,5% dos casos; em 30 dias em 5,9%; intra-hospitalar em 8,1%; e após 1 ano em 15,5% dos casos. A hemotransfusão (risco relativo de 54; p = 0,0003) e a hipertensão arterial pulmonar (risco relativo de 5,3; p = 0,036) foram preditoras de mortalidade hospitalar; e a proteína C-reativa pico (risco relativo de 1,8; p = 0,013) e a hemotransfusão (risco relativo de 8,3; p = 0,0009) de mortalidade em 1 ano. Aos 30 dias, 97% dos pacientes estavam em classe NYHA I/II e, em 1 ano, o número chegou a 96%. Conclusão: O implante de válvula aórtica por cateter foi realizado com alto índice de sucesso e baixa mortalidade. A hemotransfusão associou-se com maior mortalidade hospitalar e de 1 ano. Proteína C-reativa pico se associou com a mortalidade de 1 ano.

19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 106(6): 519-27, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27192383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has become an option for high-surgical-risk patients with aortic valve disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in-hospital and one-year follow-up outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of transcatheter aortic valve implantation cases from July 2009 to February 2015. Analysis of clinical and procedural variables, correlating them with in-hospital and one-year mortality. RESULTS: A total of 136 patients with a mean age of 83 years (80-87) underwent heart valve implantation; of these, 49% were women, 131 (96.3%) had aortic stenosis, one (0.7%) had aortic regurgitation and four (2.9%) had prosthetic valve dysfunction. NYHA functional class was III or IV in 129 cases (94.8%). The baseline orifice area was 0.67 ± 0.17 cm2 and the mean left ventricular-aortic pressure gradient was 47.3±18.2 mmHg, with an STS score of 9.3% (4.8%-22.3%). The prostheses implanted were self-expanding in 97% of cases. Perioperative mortality was 1.5%; 30-day mortality, 5.9%; in-hospital mortality, 8.1%; and one-year mortality, 15.5%. Blood transfusion (relative risk of 54; p = 0.0003) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (relative risk of 5.3; p = 0.036) were predictive of in-hospital mortality. Peak C-reactive protein (relative risk of 1.8; p = 0.013) and blood transfusion (relative risk of 8.3; p = 0.0009) were predictive of 1-year mortality. At 30 days, 97% of patients were in NYHA functional class I/II; at one year, this figure reached 96%. CONCLUSION: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was performed with a high success rate and low mortality. Blood transfusion was associated with higher in-hospital and one-year mortality. Peak C-reactive protein was associated with one-year mortality.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 28(6): 440-450, nov.-dez. 2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-788761

RESUMO

Fundamentos: A insuficiência cardíaca de etiologia chagásica (ICCh) parece ter maior mortalidade que a de outrascom disfunção sistólica. O teste cardiopulmonar de exercício (TCPE) é uma ferramenta de avaliação prognósticaainda pouco estudada na cardiopatia chagásica.Objetivo: Avaliar se o TCPE pode discriminar as diferenças prognósticas da ICCh em comparação às de etiologianão chagásica (ICNCh) e verificar quais das suas variáveis são preditoras independentes de mau prognóstico.Métodos: Análise retrospectiva de 21 pacientes com ICCh e 76 pacientes com ICNCh encaminhados ao TCPE, eseguidos quanto à sua mortalidade em dois anos.Resultados: No seguimento, houve óbito de 5 pacientes no grupo chagásico (GC) e 25 no grupo não chagásico(GNC). A curva de Kaplan-Meier não mostrou diferença na curva de sobrevida entre os grupos (p=0,43). Aregressão logística encontrou a potência circulatória como uma variável preditora independente para óbito paraambos os grupos, com uma razão de risco para o GC de 17,3 (IC95% 1,39-217,0; p=0,027) e no GNC de 4,8(IC95% 1,59-14,6; p=0,005). A curva ROC para esta variável encontrou uma área de 0,91 (IC95% 0,78-1,00; p=0,006)com um valor de corte ≤1 280 mmHg.mL.kg-1.min-1 no GC e uma área de 0,75 (IC95% 0,64-0,86; p<0,0001) com umvalor de corte de ≤1 245 mmHg.mL.kg-1.min-1 no GNC.Conclusão: A potência circulatória foi a variável associada à morte em ambos os grupos, e deve ser mais amplamenteutilizada como indicador de prognóstico na insuficiência cardíaca.


Background: Chagas heart failure (CHF) seems to have higher mortality than other systolic dysfunction conditions. Cardiopulmonaryexercise testing (CPET) is a prognostic assessment tool that is still little studied in Chagas heart disease.Objective: To assess whether CPET can discriminate the prognostic differences of CHF compared to non-Chagas heart failures(NCHF) and determine which of its variables are independent predictors of poor prognosis.Methods: Retrospective analysis of 21 patients with CHF and 76 patients with NCHF referred to CPET and followed up formortality in two years.Results: During follow-up, 5 patients died in the Chagas group (CG) and 25 in the non-Chagas group (NCG). The Kaplan-Meiercurve showed no difference in the survival curve between groups (p=0.43). Logistic regression found the circulatory power as anindependent predictor of death for both groups, with a hazard ratio for the CG of 17.3 (95% CI 1.39-217.0; p=0.027) and for theNCG of 4.8 (95% CI 1.59-14.6; p=0.005). The ROC curve for this variable found an area of 0.91 (95% CI 0.78-1.00; p=0.006) witha cutoff value ≤1280 mmHg.mL.kg-1.min-1 in the CG and an area of 0.75 (95% CI 0.64-0.86; p<0.0001) with a cutoff value of≤1245 mmHg.mL.kg-1.min-1 in the NCG.Conclusion: Circulatory power was the variable associated with death in both groups and should be more widely used as an indicatorof prognosis in heart failure.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/prevenção & controle , Teste de Esforço , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Seguimentos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos
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