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2.
Cureus ; 12(4): e7640, 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32399372

RESUMO

We aimed to determine the outcome, complications, and quality of life effects of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency. A total of 134 extremities from 100 patients were evaluated in this retrospective study performed at the Cardiovascular Surgery Department of Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine. Treatment success was determined by occlusion. The clinical, etiologic, anatomic, and pathophysiologic (CEAP) and venous clinical severity score (VCSS) scores of patients were assessed pre- and postoperatively to evaluate clinical outcome and quality of life. The pain was assessed with the Wong-Baker score. Complications and their frequency were assessed and recorded. Treatment success, as measured by occlusion rate, was 99% percent. Prior to treatment, the CEAP clinical score was C2 (81.0%), while after treatment, it was C0 (54.0%) (p<0.001). The pretreatment median VCSS score was 5 (min-max: 1-9) while the post-treatment median was 1 (min-max: 1-3) (p<0.001). The mean pain score was 1.34; only one patient reported a score of 6 while the minimum score was 1. A total of 15 complications occurred; only one was a major complication (deep vein thrombosis or DVT) while the remaining 14 were minor complications. While longstanding surgical treatments still provide significant success, the RFA technique not only surpasses them in success rate but also in terms of pain, complications, and better patient satisfaction. The results of our study indicate that RFA is an effective and safe option for the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency.

4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 194-202, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-990571

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: In this retrospective study, we aimed to observe the efficacy of pericardial effusion (PE) treatments by a survey conducted at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University. Methods: In order to get comparable results, the patients with PE were divided into three groups - group A, 480 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy; group B, 28 patients who underwent computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage; and group C, 45 patients who underwent echocardiography (ECHO)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. Results: In the three groups of patients, the most important symptom and physical sign were dyspnea and tachycardia, respectively. The most common causes of PE were uremic pericarditis in patients who underwent tube pericardiostomy, postoperative PE in patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, and cancer-related PE in patients who underwent ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. In all the patients, relief of symptoms was achieved after surgical intervention. There was no treatment-related mortality in any group of patients. In patients with tuberculous pericarditis, the rates of recurrent PE and/or constrictive pericarditis progress were 2,9% and 2,2% after tube pericardiostomy and ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. Conclusion: Currently, there are many methods to treat PE. The correct treatment method for each patient should be selected according to a very careful analysis of the patient's clinical condition as well as the prospective benefit of surgical intervention.

5.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(2): 194-202, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective study, we aimed to observe the efficacy of pericardial effusion (PE) treatments by a survey conducted at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University. METHODS: In order to get comparable results, the patients with PE were divided into three groups - group A, 480 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy; group B, 28 patients who underwent computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage; and group C, 45 patients who underwent echocardiography (ECHO)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. RESULTS: In the three groups of patients, the most important symptom and physical sign were dyspnea and tachycardia, respectively. The most common causes of PE were uremic pericarditis in patients who underwent tube pericardiostomy, postoperative PE in patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, and cancer-related PE in patients who underwent ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. In all the patients, relief of symptoms was achieved after surgical intervention. There was no treatment-related mortality in any group of patients. In patients with tuberculous pericarditis, the rates of recurrent PE and/or constrictive pericarditis progress were 2,9% and 2,2% after tube pericardiostomy and ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. CONCLUSION: Currently, there are many methods to treat PE. The correct treatment method for each patient should be selected according to a very careful analysis of the patient's clinical condition as well as the prospective benefit of surgical intervention.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Drenagem/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Derrame Pericárdico/cirurgia , Técnicas de Janela Pericárdica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Drenagem/instrumentação , Ecocardiografia/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pericárdico/etiologia , Técnicas de Janela Pericárdica/instrumentação , Pericardite/complicações , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(3): 406-409, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30801566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of prone position cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in the detection of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi and to make differentiate between thrombus and circulatory stasis using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as the criterion-standard imaging modality. METHODS: From December 2014 to April 2016, 53 consecutive patients were admitted to the hospital because of circulatory stasis or/and thrombus. All patients underwent prone-position MDCT and TEE. Prone-position MDCT and TEE sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated. RESULTS: For the MDCT scan in the prone position, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value results were 100%, 100%, 100%, and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Multidetector computed tomography scanning in the prone position differentiates circulatory stasis and LAA thrombus, is clinically useful for detecting and ruling out LAA thrombus, and may be an alternative to TEE as a diagnostic tool.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Decúbito Ventral , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
8.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(2): 135-142, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898142

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate early clinical outcomes and echocardiographic measurements of the left ventricle in patients who underwent left ventricular aneurysm repair using two different techniques associated to myocardial revascularization. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients (74 males, 15 females; mean age 58±8.4 years; range: 41 to 80 years) underwent post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm repair and myocardial revascularization performed between 1996 and 2016. Ventricular reconstruction was performed using endoventricular circular patch plasty (Dor procedure) (n=48; group A) or linear repair technique (n=41; group B). RESULTS: Multi-vessel disease in 55 (61.7%) and isolated left anterior descending (LAD) disease in 34 (38.2%) patients were identified. Five (5.6%) patients underwent aneurysmectomy alone, while the remaining 84 (94.3%) patients had aneurysmectomy with bypass. The mean number of grafts per patient was 2.1±1.2 with the Dor procedure and 2.9±1.3 with the linear repair technique. In-hospital mortality occurred in 4.1% and 7.3% in group A and group B, respectively (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of our study demonstrate that post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm repair can be performed with both techniques with acceptable surgical risk and with satisfactory hemodynamic improvement.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Cardíaco/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Aneurisma Cardíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Cardíaco/mortalidade , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Volume Sistólico/efeitos da radiação , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(2): 135-142, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-958387

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate early clinical outcomes and echocardiographic measurements of the left ventricle in patients who underwent left ventricular aneurysm repair using two different techniques associated to myocardial revascularization. Methods: Eighty-nine patients (74 males, 15 females; mean age 58±8.4 years; range: 41 to 80 years) underwent post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm repair and myocardial revascularization performed between 1996 and 2016. Ventricular reconstruction was performed using endoventricular circular patch plasty (Dor procedure) (n=48; group A) or linear repair technique (n=41; group B). Results: Multi-vessel disease in 55 (61.7%) and isolated left anterior descending (LAD) disease in 34 (38.2%) patients were identified. Five (5.6%) patients underwent aneurysmectomy alone, while the remaining 84 (94.3%) patients had aneurysmectomy with bypass. The mean number of grafts per patient was 2.1±1.2 with the Dor procedure and 2.9±1.3 with the linear repair technique. In-hospital mortality occurred in 4.1% and 7.3% in group A and group B, respectively (P>0.05). Conclusion: The results of our study demonstrate that post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm repair can be performed with both techniques with acceptable surgical risk and with satisfactory hemodynamic improvement.

10.
Eurasian J Med ; 50(1): 14-18, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29531485

RESUMO

Objective: In the present study, we aimed to retrospectively investigate the early and late results of different surgical treatment techniques applied in different age groups with coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Materials and Methods: Between January 2007 and February 2017, 26 patients (12 males, 14 females; mean age: 12.2±12.4 years; range: 29 days-34 years) who underwent surgery with the diagnosis of CoA were evaluated. Overall, 11 of these patients (42.3%) were in the infantile period, whereas 15 patients (57.7%) aged between 6 and 34 years. Resection and end-to-end anastomosis were performed in 13 patients (50%). Bypass grafting was performed in six patients (23.1%), and patch plasty was performed in seven patients (26.9%). Results: A patient (3.8%) who was operated on during the infantile period died early, whereas another patient (3.8%) died 2 years after the surgery. Recoarctation was detected in two patients. A patient underwent balloon dilatation, whereas another patient underwent balloon dilatation and stenting. In patients who underwent re-section and end-to-end anastomosis based on postoperative echocardiography results during follow-up, a lower statistically significant gradient was observed compared with the preoperative period. Despite the decrease in the left ventricular systolic diameter (LVSD) and the increase in the ejection fraction (EF) the decrease in LVSD and increase in EF were not statistically significant. In patients who underwent patch plasty or graft interposition, the low values of the gradient and left ventricular diastolic diameter in the postoperative follow-up were statistically significant. However, the decrease in LVSD and increase in EF were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Our clinical experience suggests that repairing with resection and end-to-end anastomosis is a more appropriate treatment option during the infancy, whereas patch plasty or bypass grafting may be preferred in advanced ages.

11.
Heart Surg Forum ; 21(6): E484, 2018 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30604672

RESUMO

We read the letter of F. Rudman et al [Rudman 2017] about our article entitled "Utility of Omentoplasty in Mediastinitis Treatment following Sternotomy" [Colak 2016]. We thank them for their evaluations.


Assuntos
Mediastinite/cirurgia , Omento/transplante , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia , Humanos , Mediastinite/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia
12.
Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg ; 26(2): 167-176, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32082731

RESUMO

Background: This study aims to evaluate the effects of graft dysfunction detected by intraoperative transit-time flow measurement on the outcomes of on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Methods: A total of 1,240 patients (856 males, 384 females; mean age 57.4±12.1 years; range, 47 to 74 years), who underwent isolated on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery via median sternotomy performed by the same surgical team, were reviewed retrospectively. With the introduction of transit-time flow measurement into practice at our clinic in 2006, all patients regularly underwent transit-time flow measurement during surgery in order to evaluate the graft patency. Interpretation of the data obtained using the transit-time flow measurement in patients who underwent surgery has directed our decision as to whether to perform graft revision. Patients were evaluated for early- and late-period mortality/ morbidity, perioperative and postoperative myocardial infarction, and intraaortic balloon requirement. Results: A total of 3,596 grafts in the perioperative period was evaluated using transit-time flow measurement. Anastomosis/graft revision, new anastomosis/patch plasty to distal native artery or free left internal mammary artery graft was performed in 146 grafts of 143 patients in whom transittime flow measurement showed insufficient patency. Four of six patients who developed peri/postoperative myocardial infarction were found to have perioperative hypotension, ST elevation, and wall motion abnormality on transesophageal echocardiography before closure of the sternum. The flow was corrected by extending the short length of the grafts with insufficient flow after transit-time flow measurement and it was recorded that transit-time flow measurements were at normal values at these four grafts. Two patients developed acute myocardial infarction in the postoperative period and stent was applied in one vessel of each patient; however, one of these patients died. Sixteen patients were inserted intraaortic balloon pump, four of which being in the preoperative period. Revision surgery was performed due to bleeding in 56 patients and sternal infection in 12 patients. Of all patients, 28 (2.3%) died in the early postoperative period. Conclusion: We believe that transit-time flow measurement may be an important tool in evaluating graft function and contribute to eliminate the causes of graft failure during surgery.

13.
Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg ; 26(2): 192-199, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32082734

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study is to present early and mid results associated with the treatment of dilatation of the ascending aorta using the wrapping technique. Methods: A total of 54 patients (16 males, 38 females; mean age 56.9±12.7 years; range 21 to 77 years) who were subjected to the wrapping technique due to dilatation of the ascending aorta between January 2010 and Fabruary 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The Dacron grafts were used in all patients. Wrapping was performed in all patients in combination with the other cardiac surgical procedures. Wrapping was performed with aortoplasty in 32 patients and as an isolated procedure in 22 patients. Preoperative clinical findings, concomitant cardiac procedures, intraoperative parameters, postoperative early and long-term outcomes were evaluated. The ascending aorta and descending aorta diameters, ejection fraction, left ventricle end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters were measured using a computed tomography scan and/or transthoracic echocardiography after surgery, and was compared with the preoperative values. Results: The median follow-up was 3.8 (range, 1 to 7) years. No intraoperative complication associated with the wrapping procedure was reported in any of the patients. One patient died during the early postoperative period. Relapse-free intra-arterial fibrinolysis was used to correct postoperative cerebral infarct in one patient without any sequelae. Revision surgery was required in two patients due to bleeding and in another two patients due to sternal dehiscence. A postoperative decrease in the aortic diameter and an increase in the ejection fraction were found to be statistically significant. Findings such as sinus of Valsalva and distal aortic dilation, rupture, pseudoaneurysm, and graft mobilization were not observed during follow-up. Conclusion: Our study results show that the wrapping techniques may be safely performed in patients with moderate dilatation of the aorta who do not require replacement of the ascending aorta.

14.
Eurasian J Med ; 49(3): 211-213, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29123447

RESUMO

Aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) is a variant of acute aortic syndrome, which can be life-threatening. Ascending aorta IMHs, particularly accompanied by penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU), can cause dissection, rupture, and cardiac tamponade. Therefore, early surgical treatment is recommended for IMHs of the ascending aorta. Herein, we present the case of a 60-year-old male patient who was on warfarin sodium treatment and in whom an IMH localized to the arcus aorta was detected incidentally via computed tomography, with the suspicion of pulmonary embolism, and an endovascular stent graft was inserted into the arcus aorta. This case highlights the importance of following ulcerated aortic plaques and suggests that IMH can be successfully treated with endovascular stent grafting.

15.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 25(5): 750-756, 2017 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28637255

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study experimentally compares the efficiency of the 4 most preferred sternal closure tehniques, in 3 different deformation modes of the chest. METHODS: Polyurethane sternum models fixed by conventional wiring, steel band, ZipFix band and figure-8 wiring are tested statically under lateral distraction, longitudinal shear and torsional deformation modes. As a result, load-deformation curves are obtained. The closure efficiency of the techniques is then compared with respect to allowable load (corresponding to 2 mm displacement), rigidity, rupture load and rupture displacement. A comparison in terms of cost and ease of application has also been presented. RESULTS: The highest allowable load and rigidity values in simple tension and longitudinal shear are obtained by the steel and ZipFix band techniques, respectively. In torsion mode, the highest allowable load is provided by the ZipFix band and the highest rigidty is attained by the steel band technique. The highest rupture loads under simple tension, longitudinal shear and torsion modes are observed in ZipFix, steel band and conventional wiring, respectively. Steel band closure provides the least rupture displacement in simple tension as well as torsion, whereas ZipFix bands give the smallest rupture displacements in longitudinal shear. However, in every loading mode there were no statistically significant differences in allowable load, rigidity and rupture load values between the closure methods, and only rupture displacement values were statistically different for each method. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that conventional wiring is the most advantageous closing method when compared to the others.


Assuntos
Fios Ortopédicos , Modelos Anatômicos , Esterno/cirurgia , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/cirurgia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Esterno/fisiopatologia , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/fisiopatologia
16.
Eurasian J Med ; 49(1): 48-52, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28416933

RESUMO

In recent years, thymectomy has become a widespread procedure in the treatment of myasthenia gravis (MG). Likelihood of remission was highest in preoperative mild disease classification (Osserman classification 1, 2A). In absence of thymoma or hyperplasia, there was no relationship between age and gender in remission with thymectomy. In MG treatment, randomized trials that compare conservative treatment with thymectomy have started, recently. As with non-randomized trials, remission with thymectomy in MG treatment was better than conservative treatment with only medication. There are four major methods for the surgical approach: transcervical, minimally invasive, transsternal, and combined transcervical transsternal thymectomy. Transsternal approach with thymectomy is the accepted standard surgical approach for many years. In recent years, the incidence of thymectomy has been increasing with minimally invasive techniques using thoracoscopic and robotic methods. There are not any randomized, controlled studies which are comparing surgical techniques. However, when comparing non-randomized trials, it is seen that minimally invasive thymectomy approaches give similar results to more aggressive approaches.

17.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(4): 304-308, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27849303

RESUMO

Objetive: Saline-irrigated radiofrequency ablation, which has been widely used for surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation in recent years, is 80-90% successful in achieving sinus rhythm. In our study, our surgical experience and mid-term results in patients who underwent mitral valve surgery and left atrial radiofrequency ablation were analyzed. Methods: Forty patients (15 males, 25 females; mean age 52.05±9.9 years; range 32-74) underwent surgery for atrial fibrillation associated with mitral valvular disease. All patients manifested atrial fibrillation, which started at least six months before the surgical intervention. The majority of patients (36 patients, 90%) were in NYHA class III; 34 (85%) patients had rheumatic heart disease. In addition to mitral valve surgery and radiofrequency ablation, coronary artery bypass, DeVega tricuspid annuloplasty, left ventricular aneurysm repair, and left atrial thrombus excision were performed. Following discharge from the hospital, patients' follow-up was performed as outpatient clinic examinations and the average follow-up period of patients was 18±3 months. Results: While the incidence of sinus rhythm was 85.3% on the first postoperative day, it was 80% during discharge and 71% in the 1st year follow-up examination. Conclusion: Radiofrequency ablation is an effective method when it is performed by appropriate surgical technique. Its rate for returning to sinus rhythm is as high as the rate of conventional surgical procedure.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(4): 304-308, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-829735

RESUMO

Abstract Objetive: Saline-irrigated radiofrequency ablation, which has been widely used for surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation in recent years, is 80-90% successful in achieving sinus rhythm. In our study, our surgical experience and mid-term results in patients who underwent mitral valve surgery and left atrial radiofrequency ablation were analyzed. Methods: Forty patients (15 males, 25 females; mean age 52.05±9.9 years; range 32-74) underwent surgery for atrial fibrillation associated with mitral valvular disease. All patients manifested atrial fibrillation, which started at least six months before the surgical intervention. The majority of patients (36 patients, 90%) were in NYHA class III; 34 (85%) patients had rheumatic heart disease. In addition to mitral valve surgery and radiofrequency ablation, coronary artery bypass, DeVega tricuspid annuloplasty, left ventricular aneurysm repair, and left atrial thrombus excision were performed. Following discharge from the hospital, patients' follow-up was performed as outpatient clinic examinations and the average follow-up period of patients was 18±3 months. Results: While the incidence of sinus rhythm was 85.3% on the first postoperative day, it was 80% during discharge and 71% in the 1st year follow-up examination. Conclusion: Radiofrequency ablation is an effective method when it is performed by appropriate surgical technique. Its rate for returning to sinus rhythm is as high as the rate of conventional surgical procedure.

19.
Heart Surg Forum ; 19(6): E265-E268, 2016 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28054893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mediastinal infection is one of the most serious complications that occurs following open-heart surgery by sternotomy. In the present study, omentoplasty was initially and aggressively used to treat the infection and prevent the recurrence caused by bones in cases of mediastinitis following open-heart surgery at our clinic. METHODS: Among the 3656 patients who underwent surgery at our department of cardiovascular surgery between January 1996 and December 2012, omentoplasty as a treatment for mediastinitis was applied to 19 (0.51%) patients (of which 13 were males) following sternotomy. The cases were revised on the 15th day following the first surgery and/or when there was a suspicion of mediastinal infection. The necrotic skin, subcutaneous tissue, and bone tissue were resected, and all the affected sternal tissues were removed until healthy hemorrhagic areas were reached. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was between 49 and 81 years (mean: 65.7 ± 10.5 years). The mean age of the men was 66.08 ± 12.7 years (age range: 49-81 years) and that of the women was 63.2 ± 6.8 years (age range: 55-71 years). The male to female ratio was 2:1, and in both the male and female groups, the approximate age ranged from 55 and 70 years. In the intraoperative cultures received from wound cases, the most common agent of infection was methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci. Purulent leaks from eight patients stopped in approximately 4 days. Purulent leaks from the other 11 patients continued until the 6th day, and thus, medical dressing also continued, after which the leaks stopped on the 15th day. The approximate postoperative hospital stay was 32 days (range: 13-63 days). CONCLUSION: Omentoplasty in heart surgery can be considered an effective method when used to control infection and treat secondary poststernotomy mediastinitis.


Assuntos
Mediastinite/cirurgia , Omento/transplante , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mediastinite/diagnóstico , Mediastinite/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia
20.
Eurasian J Med ; 47(2): 91-8, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26180492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the first applications and short term outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in our clinic, which is a new technology for the patients with high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2012, twenty five patients (16 males, 9 females; mean age 74.04±8.86 years) diagnosed with severe aortic stenosis, who were at high risk for surgery (EuroSCORE II: 5.58±4.20) and underwent TAVI in our clinic, were evaluated. The demographic and clinical characteristics of patients, anaesthetic management, complications during pre- and post-operative periods and the mortality rate in the first 30 days and six months were recorded. RESULTS: Edwards SAPIEN Valve prostheses were implanted by transfemoral approach (percutaneously in 10 patients and surgically in 15 patients) in all patients. The TAVI procedure was performed under general anaesthesia. The success rate of the TAVI procedure was 100%. Three patients had limited dissection of the femoral artery; however, intervention was not needed due to good distal perfusion rate. Permanent pacemaker was implanted to four patients because of long-term atrioventricular blockage. After the procedure, all patients were transferred to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and all patients were extubated in the ICU. The mean mechanical ventilation duration (minutes) was 166.20±39.32, the mean critical care unit stay (day) was 5.64±2.99 and the mean hospital stay (day) was 11.92±5.54. Acute renal failure was observed in one patient and stroke was observed in two patients on the first postoperative day. The mortality rate in the first 30 days and 6 months was found to be 4% and 16%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a great option for patients with severe aortic stenosis who are at high risk for SAVR. In our institute, procedural success and short term outcomes for patients underwent TAVI were found to be similar to the other studies in the national and international literature.

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