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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602478

RESUMO

We report a multi-step on-surface synthesis strategy. The first step consists in the surface-supported synthesis of metal-organic complexes, which are subsequently used to steer on-surface alkyne coupling reactions. In addition, we analyze and compare the electronic properties of the different coupling motifs obtained.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065182

RESUMO

The self-assembly of leucoquinizarin molecules on Au(111) surfaces is shown to be characterized by the molecules mostly being in their keto-enolic tautomeric form, with evidence of their temporary switching to other tautomeric forms. This reveals a metastable chemistry of the assembled molecules, to be considered for their possible employment in the formation of more complex hetero-organic interfaces.

3.
Nanoscale ; 11(33): 15567-15575, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402370

RESUMO

Over the last decades, organosulfur compounds at the interface of noble metals have proved to be extremely versatile systems for both fundamental and applied research. However, the anchoring of thiols to gold remained an object of controversy for a long time. The RS-Au-SR linkage, in particular, is a robust bonding configuration that displays interesting properties. It is generated spontaneously at room temperature and can be used for the production of extended molecular nanostructures. In this work we explore the behavior of 1,4-bis(4-mercaptophenyl)benzene (BMB) on the Au(111) surface, which results in the formation of 2D crystalline metal-organic assemblies stabilized by this type of Au-thiolate bonds. We show how to control the thiolate's stereospecific bonding motif and thereby choose whether to form ordered arrays of Au3BMB3 units with embedded triangular nanopores or linearly stacked metal-organic chains. The former turn out to be thermodynamically favored structures and display confinement of the underneath Au(111) surface state. The electronic properties of single molecules as well as of the 2D crystalline self-assemblies have been characterized both on the metal-organic backbone and inside the associated pores.

4.
Chemphyschem ; 20(18): 2317-2321, 2019 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31245897

RESUMO

In this contribution we report on light-induced metal-free coupling of propynylbenzene molecular units on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite. The reaction occurs within the self-assembled monolayer and leads to the generation of covalently coupled 1,5-hexadiyne and para-terphenyl derivatives under topological control. Such photochemical uncatalysed pathway represents an original approach in the field of topological C-C coupling at the solid/liquid interface and provides new insight into the low temperature formation of aromatic compounds at the surface of carbonaceous supports.

5.
ACS Nano ; 12(10): 10537-10544, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30295463

RESUMO

Designing molecular organic semiconductors with distinct frontier orbitals is key for the development of devices with desirable properties. Generating defined organic nanostructures with atomic precision can be accomplished by on-surface synthesis. We use this "dry" chemistry to introduce topological variations in a conjugated poly( para-phenylene) chain in the form of meta-junctions. As evidenced by STM and LEED, we produce a macroscopically ordered, monolayer thin zigzag chain film on a vicinal silver crystal. These cross-conjugated nanostructures are expected to display altered electronic properties, which are now unraveled by highly complementary experimental techniques (ARPES and STS) and theoretical calculations (DFT and EPWE). We find that meta-junctions dominate the weakly dispersive band structure, while the band gap is tunable by altering the linear segment's length. These periodic topology effects induce significant loss of the electronic coupling between neighboring linear segments leading to partial electron confinement in the form of weakly coupled quantum dots. Such periodic quantum interference effects determine the overall semiconducting character and functionality of the chains.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(73): 10260-10263, 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30152499

RESUMO

Achieving the Ag(001)-supported synthesis of heptacene from two related reactants reveals the effect of the presence of Br atoms on the reaction process. The properties of reactants, intermediates and end-products are further characterized by scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy.

7.
J Chem Phys ; 147(21): 214706, 2017 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29221400

RESUMO

We report on the assembly of a highly ordered array of copper tetrameric clusters, coordinated into a metal-organic network. The ordered cluster array has been achieved by the deposition of tetrahydroxyquinone molecules on the Cu(111) surface at room temperature, and subsequent thermally activated dehydrogenation with the formation of tetraoxyquinone tetra-anions with a 4 × 4 periodicity. The supramolecular organic network acts as a spacer for the highly ordered two-dimensional network of copper tetramers at the very surface.

8.
ACS Nano ; 11(11): 11661-11668, 2017 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29049879

RESUMO

We report the energy level alignment evolution of valence and conduction bands of armchair-oriented graphene nanoribbons (aGNR) as their band gap shrinks with increasing width. We use 4,4″-dibromo-para-terphenyl as the molecular precursor on Au(111) to form extended poly-para-phenylene nanowires, which can subsequently be fused sideways to form atomically precise aGNRs of varying widths. We measure the frontier bands by means of scanning tunneling spectroscopy, corroborating that the nanoribbon's band gap is inversely proportional to their width. Interestingly, valence bands are found to show Fermi level pinning as the band gap decreases below a threshold value around 1.7 eV. Such behavior is of critical importance to understand the properties of potential contacts in GNR-based devices. Our measurements further reveal a particularly interesting system for studying Fermi level pinning by modifying an adsorbate's band gap while maintaining an almost unchanged interface chemistry defined by substrate and adsorbate.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 138(32): 10151-6, 2016 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27437555

RESUMO

On-surface synthesis involving the homocoupling of aryl-alkynes affords the buildup of bisacetylene derivatives directly at surfaces, which in turn may be further used as ingredients for the production of novel functional materials. Generally, homocoupling of terminal alkynes takes place by thermal activation of molecular precursors on metal surfaces. However, the interaction of alkynes with surface metal atoms often induces unwanted reaction pathways when thermal energy is provided to the system. In this contribution we report about light-induced metal-free homocoupling of terminal alkynes on highly oriented pyrolitic graphite (HOPG). The reaction occurred with high efficiency and selectivity within a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of aryl-alkynes and led to the generation of large domains of ordered butadiynyl derivatives. Such a photochemical uncatalyzed pathway represents an original approach in the field of topological C-C coupling at the solid/liquid interface.

10.
Chemistry ; 20(44): 14296-304, 2014 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25200655

RESUMO

We explore a photochemical approach to achieve an ordered polymeric structure at the sub-monolayer level on a metal substrate. In particular, a tetraphenylporphyrin derivative carrying para-amino-phenyl functional groups is used to obtain extended and highly ordered molecular wires on Ag(110). Scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory calculations reveal that porphyrin building blocks are joined through azo bridges, mainly as cis isomers. The observed highly stereoselective growth is the result of adsorbate/surface interactions, as indicated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. At variance with previous studies, we tailor the formation of long-range ordered structures by the separate control of the surface molecular diffusion through sample heating, and of the reaction initiation through light absorption. This previously unreported approach shows that the photo-induced covalent stabilization of self-assembled molecular monolayers to obtain highly ordered surface covalent organic frameworks is viable by a careful choice of the precursors and reaction conditions.

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