Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 56
Filtrar
1.
Am J Med Qual ; : 1062860619850322, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115254

RESUMO

Measures of health care quality are produced from a variety of data sources, but often, physicians do not believe these measures reflect the quality of provided care. The aim was to assess the value to health system leaders (HSLs) and parents of benchmarking on health care quality measures using data mined from the electronic health record (EHR). Using in-context interviews with HSLs and parents, the authors investigated what new decisions and actions benchmarking using data mined from the EHR may enable and how benchmarking information should be presented to be most informative. Results demonstrate that although parents may have little experience using data on health care quality for decision making, they affirmed its potential value. HSLs expressed the need for high-confidence, validated metrics. They also perceived barriers to achieving meaningful metrics but recognized that mining data directly from the EHR could overcome those barriers. Parents and HSLs need high-confidence health care quality data to support decision making.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0214257, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913273

RESUMO

Due to its ease of genetic manipulation and transparency, Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) has become a preferred model system to study gene function by microscopy. The use of Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to proteins or targeting sequences of interest, further expanded upon the utility of C. elegans by labeling subcellular structures, which enables following their disposition during development or in the presence of genetic mutations. Fluorescent proteins with excitation and emission spectra different from that of GFP accelerated the use of multifluorophore imaging in real time. We have expanded the repertoire of fluorescent proteins for use in C. elegans by developing a codon-optimized version of Orange2 (CemOrange2). Proteins or targeting motifs fused to CemOrange2 were distinguishable from the more common fluorophores used in the nematode; such as GFP, YFP, and mKate2. We generated a panel of CemOrange2 fusion constructs, and confirmed they were targeted to their correct subcellular addresses by colocalization with independent markers. To demonstrate the potential usefulness of this new panel of fluorescent protein markers, we showed that CemOrange2 fusion proteins could be used to: 1) monitor biological pathways, 2) multiplex with other fluorescent proteins to determine colocalization and 3) gain phenotypic knowledge of a human ABCA3 orthologue, ABT-4, trafficking variant in the C. elegans model organism.

3.
Bone ; 124: 14-21, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914273

RESUMO

B4GALT7 encodes beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase which links glycosaminoglycans to proteoglycans in connective tissues. Rare, biallelic variants in B4GALT7 have been associated with spondylodysplastic Ehlers-Danlos and Larsen of Reunion Island syndromes. Thirty patients with B4GALT7-related disorders have been reported to date with phenotypic variability. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified male and female siblings with biallelic, pathogenic B4GALT7 variants and phenotypic features of spondylodysplastic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome as well as previously unreported skeletal characteristics. We also provide detailed radiological characterization and describe the siblings' responses to growth hormone treatment. Our report extends the phenotypic spectrum of B4GALT7-associated spondylodysplastic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and reports results of growth hormone treatment for patients with this rare disorder.

4.
Pediatr Res ; 85(3): 329-338, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neonates with serum creatinine (SCr) rise ≥0.3 mg/dL and/or ≥50% SCr rise are more likely to die, even when controlling for confounders. These thresholds have not been tested in newborns. We hypothesized that different gestational age (GA) groups require different SCr thresholds. METHODS: Neonates in Assessment of Worldwide Acute Kidney Epidemiology in Neonates (AWAKEN) with ≥1 SCr on postnatal days 1-2 and ≥1 SCr on postnatal days 3-8 were assessed. We compared the mortality predictability of SCr absolute (≥0.3 mg/dL) vs percent (≥50%) rise. Next, we determine usefulness of combining absolute with percent rise. Finally, we determined the optimal absolute, percent, and maximum SCr thresholds that provide the highest mortality area under curve (AUC) and specificity for different GA groups. RESULTS: The ≥0.3 mg/dL rise outperformed ≥50% SCr rise. Addition of percent rise did not improve mortality predictability. The optimal SCr thresholds to predict AUC and specificity were ≥0.3 and ≥0.6 mg/dL for ≤29 weeks GA, and ≥0.1 and ≥0.3 mg/dL for >29 week GA. The maximum SCr value provides great specificity. CONCLUSION: Unique SCr rise cutoffs for different GA improves outcome prediction. Percent SCr rise does not add value to the neonatal AKI definition.

5.
Am J Hum Genet ; 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30414627

RESUMO

Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch syndrome (WRS), also known as neonatal progeroid syndrome, is a rare disorder of unknown etiology. It has been proposed to be autosomal-recessive and is characterized by variable clinical features, such as intrauterine growth restriction and poor postnatal weight gain, characteristic facial features (triangular appearance to the face, convex nasal profile or pinched nose, and small mouth), widened fontanelles, pseudohydrocephalus, prominent scalp veins, lipodystrophy, and teeth abnormalities. A previous report described a single WRS patient with bi-allelic truncating and splicing variants in POLR3A. Here we present seven additional infants, children, and adults with WRS and bi-allelic truncating and/or splicing variants in POLR3A. POLR3A, the largest subunit of RNA polymerase III, is a DNA-directed RNA polymerase that transcribes many small noncoding RNAs that regulate transcription, RNA processing, and translation. Bi-allelic missense variants in POLR3A have been associated with phenotypes distinct from WRS: hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and hypomyelinating leukodystrophy with or without oligodontia. Our findings confirm the association of bi-allelic POLR3A variants with WRS, expand the clinical phenotype of WRS, and suggest specific POLR3A genotypes associated with WRS and hypomyelinating leukodystrophy.

6.
Pediatr Res ; 84(3): 435-441, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29967526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biallelic deleterious variants in RTTN, which encodes rotatin, are associated with primary microcephaly, polymicrogyria, seizures, intellectual disability, and primordial dwarfism in human infants. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed exome sequencing of an infant with primary microcephaly, pontocerebellar hypoplasia, and intractable seizures and his healthy, unrelated parents. We cultured the infant's fibroblasts to determine primary ciliary phenotype. RESULTS: We identified biallelic variants in RTTN in the affected infant: a novel missense variant and a rare, intronic variant that results in aberrant transcript splicing. Cultured fibroblasts from the infant demonstrated reduced length and number of primary cilia. CONCLUSION: Biallelic variants in RTTN cause primary microcephaly in infants. Functional characterization of primary cilia length and number can be used to determine pathogenicity of RTTN variants.

7.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 11(4): e002178, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29654098

RESUMO

The National Institutes of Health have made substantial investments in genomic studies and technologies to identify DNA sequence variants associated with human disease phenotypes. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has been at the forefront of these commitments to ascertain genetic variation associated with heart, lung, blood, and sleep diseases and related clinical traits. Genome-wide association studies, exome- and genome-sequencing studies, and exome-genotyping studies of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-funded epidemiological and clinical case-control studies are identifying large numbers of genetic variants associated with heart, lung, blood, and sleep phenotypes. However, investigators face challenges in identification of genomic variants that are functionally disruptive among the myriad of computationally implicated variants. Studies to define mechanisms of genetic disruption encoded by computationally identified genomic variants require reproducible, adaptable, and inexpensive methods to screen candidate variant and gene function. High-throughput strategies will permit a tiered variant discovery and genetic mechanism approach that begins with rapid functional screening of a large number of computationally implicated variants and genes for discovery of those that merit mechanistic investigation. As such, improved variant-to-gene and gene-to-function screens-and adequate support for such studies-are critical to accelerating the translation of genomic findings. In this White Paper, we outline the variety of novel technologies, assays, and model systems that are making such screens faster, cheaper, and more accurate, referencing published work and ongoing work supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's R21/R33 Functional Assays to Screen Genomic Hits program. We discuss priorities that can accelerate the impressive but incomplete progress represented by big data genomic research.

8.
Pediatr Res ; 2018 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538355

RESUMO

BackgroundMutations in the NK2 homeobox 1 (NKX2-1) gene are associated with lung disease in infants and children. We hypothesize that disruption of normal surfactant gene expression with these mutations contributes to the respiratory phenotypes observed.MethodsTo assess transactivational activity, cotransfection of luciferase reporter vectors containing surfactant protein B or C (SFTPB or SFTPC) promoters with NKX2-1 plasmids was performed and luciferase activity was measured. To assess the binding of mutated proteins to target DNA, electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) were performed using nuclear protein labeled with oligonucleotide probes representing NKX2-1 consensus binding sequences followed by gel electrophoresis. The effect of overexpression of wild-type (WT) and mutant NKX2-1 on SFTPB and SFTPC was evaluated with quantitative real-time PCR.ResultsDecreased transactivation of the SFTPB promoter by both mutants and decreased transactivation of the SFTPC promoter by the L197P mutation was observed. EMSA demonstrated decreased DNA binding of both mutations to NKX2-1 consensus binding sequences. Transfection of A549 cells with NKX2-1 expression vectors demonstrated decreased stimulation of SFTPB and SFTPC expression by mutant proteins compared with that of WT.ConclusionDisruption of transcriptional activation of surfactant protein genes by these DNA-binding domain mutations is a plausible biological mechanism for disruption of surfactant function and subsequent respiratory distress.Pediatric Research advance online publication, 11 April 2018; doi:10.1038/pr.2018.30.

9.
World J Pediatr ; 14(1): 52-56, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29411327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine population-based prevalence and disease contribution of phosphatidylcholine synthetic pathway-associated gene variants in a native southern Chinese cohort. METHODS: We used bloodspots from 2010 that were obtained from the Guangxi Neonatal Screening Center in Nannning China and included the Han (n = 443) and Zhuang (n = 313) ethnic groups. We sequenced the exons of cholinephosphate cytidylyltransferase (PCYT1B) lysophospholipid acyltransferase 1 (LPCAT1), and cholinephosphotransferase (CHPT1) genes, and analyzed both rare and common exonic variants. RESULTS: We obtained five mutations (G199D, A299V, G434C, Y490C, L312S) with eight alleles in the three candidate genes. The collapsed minor allele frequency for candidate genes was not significantly different between the Han and Zhuang populations (0.0045 vs. 0.0064, respectively, P = 0.725). The combined Han and Zhuang pool collapsed carrier frequency of rare mutation allele was found to be 1.06%, which is much higher than previously reported for the Missouri population (0.1%). Further, we detected six exonic common variants (three in LPCAT1 and three in CHPT1), with three non-synonymous variants (F162S, F341L, M427K) among them. Two of the non-synonymous exonic variants (F341L, M427K) were not found in CHB; F341L was also not previously reported in exome sequencing project. CONCLUSIONS: The population-based frequency of mutations in the phosphatidylcholine synthesis pathway-associated genes PCYT1B LPCAT1, CHPT1 is low in southern Chinese newborns and there is no evidence of contribution to population-based disease burden of respiratory distress syndrome. As a population-based study of rare mutations and common variants, this work is valuable in directing future research.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Variação Genética , Fosfatidilcolinas/genética , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Peso ao Nascer , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Fosfatidilcolinas/metabolismo , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
J Pediatr ; 194: 158-164.e1, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29198536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe disease course, histopathology, and outcomes for infants with atypical presentations of alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of the pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) who underwent bilateral lung transplantation. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed clinical history, diagnostic studies, explant histology, genetic sequence results, and post-transplant course for 6 infants with atypical ACDMPV who underwent bilateral lung transplantation at St. Louis Children's Hospital. We compared their histology with infants with classic ACDMPV and compared their outcomes with infants transplanted for other indications. RESULTS: In contrast with neonates with classic ACDPMV who present with severe hypoxemia and refractory pulmonary hypertension within hours of birth, none of the infants with atypical ACDMPV presented with progressive neonatal respiratory failure. Three infants had mild neonatal respiratory distress and received nasal cannula oxygen. Three other infants had no respiratory symptoms at birth and presented with hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension at 2-3 months of age. Bilateral lung transplantation was performed at 4-20 months of age. Unlike in classic ACDMPV, histopathologic findings were not distributed uniformly and were not diffuse. Three subjects had apparent nonmosaic genetic defects involving FOXF1. Two infants had extrapulmonary anomalies (posterior urethral valves, inguinal hernia). Three transplanted children are alive at 5-16 years of age, similar to outcomes for infants transplanted for other indications. Lung explants from infants with atypical ACDMPV demonstrated diagnostic but nonuniform histopathologic findings. CONCLUSIONS: The 1- and 5-year survival rates for infants with atypical ACDMPV are similar to infants transplanted for other indications. Given the clinical and histopathologic spectra, ACDMPV should be considered in infants with hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension, even beyond the newborn period.

11.
Am J Perinatol ; 35(5): 494-502, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29183099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Preterm birth (PTB) at <37 weeks of gestation complicates 10% of pregnancies and requires accurate counseling regarding anticipated neonatal outcomes. PTB classification as spontaneous or indicated is commonly used to cluster PTB into subtypes, but whether neonatal outcomes differ by PTB subtype is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that neonatal morbidity differs based on subtype of PTB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of live-born, non-anomalous preterm infants from 2004 to 2008. Spontaneous PTB was defined as PTB from spontaneous preterm labor or preterm rupture of membranes. Indicated PTB was defined as PTB from any maternal or fetal medical complication necessitating delivery. The primary outcome was a composite of early respiratory morbidity. Secondary outcomes included late composite respiratory morbidity and other neonatal morbidities. RESULTS: Of 1,223 preterm neonates, 60.9% were born after spontaneous PTB and 30.1% after indicated PTB. Composite early respiratory morbidity was significantly higher after indicated PTB versus spontaneous PTB (1.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-1.4). Composite late respiratory morbidity (1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.3) and neonatal death (2.8, 95% CI 1.5-5.1) were also significantly higher after indicated PTB versus spontaneous PTB. CONCLUSION: Neonatal respiratory outcomes and death differ according to PTB subtype. PTB subtype should be considered while counseling families and anticipating neonatal outcomes after PTB.

12.
Cell Stem Cell ; 21(4): 472-488.e10, 2017 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28965766

RESUMO

Lung alveoli, which are unique to air-breathing organisms, have been challenging to generate from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) in part because there are limited model systems available to provide the necessary developmental roadmaps for in vitro differentiation. Here we report the generation of alveolar epithelial type 2 cells (AEC2s), the facultative progenitors of lung alveoli, from human PSCs. Using multicolored fluorescent reporter lines, we track and purify human SFTPC+ alveolar progenitors as they emerge from endodermal precursors in response to stimulation of Wnt and FGF signaling. Purified PSC-derived SFTPC+ cells form monolayered epithelial "alveolospheres" in 3D cultures without the need for mesenchymal support, exhibit self-renewal capacity, and display additional AEC2 functional capacities. Footprint-free CRISPR-based gene correction of PSCs derived from patients carrying a homozygous surfactant mutation (SFTPB121ins2) restores surfactant processing in AEC2s. Thus, PSC-derived AEC2s provide a platform for disease modeling and future functional regeneration of the distal lung.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/citologia , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Autorrenovação Celular , Separação Celular , Células Epiteliais/ultraestrutura , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Pneumopatias/patologia , Modelos Biológicos , Alvéolos Pulmonares/ultraestrutura , Surfactantes Pulmonares/metabolismo , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt
13.
Front Pediatr ; 5: 176, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28879171

RESUMO

Significant variability has been observed in the development and severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) among neonates exposed to prenatal opioids. Since maternal opioid dose does not appear to correlate directly with neonatal outcome, maternal, placental, and fetal genomic variants may play important roles in NAS. Previous studies in small cohorts have demonstrated associations of variants in maternal and infant genes that encode the µ-opioid receptor (OPRM1), catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), and prepronociceptin (PNOC) with a shorter length of hospital stay and less need for treatment in neonates exposed to opioids in utero. Consistently falling genomic sequencing costs and computational approaches to predict variant function will permit unbiased discovery of genomic variants and gene pathways associated with differences in maternal and fetal opioid pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and with placental opioid transport and metabolism. Discovery of pathogenic variants should permit better delineation of the risk of developing more severe forms of NAS. This review provides a summary of the current role of genomic factors in the development of NAS and suggests strategies for further genomic discovery.

14.
Hum Mutat ; 38(11): 1477-1484, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28726266

RESUMO

Biallelic GLDN mutations have recently been identified among infants with lethal congenital contracture syndrome 11 (LCCS11). GLDN encodes gliomedin, a protein required for the formation of the nodes of Ranvier and development of the human peripheral nervous system. We report six infants and children from four unrelated families with biallelic GLDN mutations, four of whom survived beyond the neonatal period into infancy, childhood, and late adolescence with intensive care and chronic respiratory and nutritional support. Our findings expand the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of LCCS11 and demonstrate that the condition may not necessarily be lethal in the neonatal period.


Assuntos
Artrogripose/diagnóstico , Artrogripose/genética , Genes Letais , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Fenótipo , Artrogripose/mortalidade , Biópsia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Evolução Fatal , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Linhagem , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/ultraestrutura , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
15.
J Grad Med Educ ; 9(3): 313-320, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28638509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The I-PASS Handoff Study found that introduction of a handoff bundle (handoff and teamwork training for residents, a mnemonic, a handoff tool, a faculty development program, and a sustainability campaign) at 9 pediatrics residency programs was associated with improved communication and patient safety. OBJECTIVE: This parallel qualitative study aimed to understand resident experiences with I-PASS and to inform future implementation and sustainability strategies. METHODS: Resident experiences with I-PASS were explored in focus groups (N = 50 residents) at 8 hospitals throughout 2012-2013. A content analysis of transcripts was conducted following the principles of grounded theory. RESULTS: Residents generally accepted I-PASS as an ideal format for handoffs, and valued learning a structured approach. Across all sites, residents reported full adherence to I-PASS when observed, but selective adherence in usual practice. Residents adhered more closely when patients were complex, teams were unfamiliar, and during evening handoff. Residents reported using elements of the I-PASS mnemonic variably, with Illness Severity and Action Items most consistently used, but Synthesis by Receiver least used, except when observed. Most residents were receptive to the electronic handoff tool, but perceptions about usability varied across sites. Experiences with observation and feedback were mixed. Concern about efficiency commonly influenced attitudes about I-PASS. CONCLUSIONS: Residents generally supported I-PASS implementation, but adherence was influenced by patient type, context, and individual and team factors. Our findings could inform future implementation, particularly around the areas of resident engagement in change, sensitivity to resident level, perceived efficiency, and faculty observation.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Transferência da Responsabilidade pelo Paciente , Segurança do Paciente , Pediatria/educação , Comunicação , Humanos , Médicos
16.
J Pediatr ; 184: 157-164.e2, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28215425

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of infants and children who underwent lung transplantation for genetic disorders of surfactant metabolism (SFTPB, SFTPC, ABCA3, and NKX2-1) over 2 epochs (1993-2003 and 2004-2015) at St Louis Children's Hospital. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed clinical characteristics, mortality, and short- and long-term morbidities of infants (transplanted at <1 year; n = 28) and children (transplanted >1 year; n = 16) and compared outcomes by age at transplantation (infants vs children) and by epoch of transplantation. RESULTS: Infants underwent transplantation more frequently for surfactant protein-B deficiency, whereas children underwent transplantation more frequently for SFTPC mutations. Both infants and children underwent transplantation for ABCA3 deficiency. Compared with children, infants experienced shorter times from listing to transplantation (P = .014), were more likely to be mechanically ventilated at the time of transplantation (P < .0001), were less likely to develop bronchiolitis obliterans post-transplantation (P = .021), and were more likely to have speech and motor delays (P ≤ .0001). Despite advances in genetic diagnosis, immunosuppressive therapies, and supportive respiratory and nutritional therapies, mortality did not differ between infants and children (P = .076) or between epochs. Kaplan-Meier analyses demonstrated that children transplanted in epoch 1 (1993-2003) were more likely to develop systemic hypertension (P = .049) and less likely to develop post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder compared with children transplanted in epoch 2 (2004-2015) (P = .051). CONCLUSION: Post-lung transplantation morbidities and mortality remain substantial for infants and children with genetic disorders of surfactant metabolism.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/cirurgia , Transplante de Pulmão , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/genética , Masculino , Surfactantes Pulmonares , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
JAMA Pediatr ; 171(4): 372-381, 2017 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28241211

RESUMO

Importance: Medical errors and adverse events (AEs) are common among hospitalized children. While clinician reports are the foundation of operational hospital safety surveillance and a key component of multifaceted research surveillance, patient and family reports are not routinely gathered. We hypothesized that a novel family-reporting mechanism would improve incident detection. Objective: To compare error and AE rates (1) gathered systematically with vs without family reporting, (2) reported by families vs clinicians, and (3) reported by families vs hospital incident reports. Design, Setting, and Participants: We conducted a prospective cohort study including the parents/caregivers of 989 hospitalized patients 17 years and younger (total 3902 patient-days) and their clinicians from December 2014 to July 2015 in 4 US pediatric centers. Clinician abstractors identified potential errors and AEs by reviewing medical records, hospital incident reports, and clinician reports as well as weekly and discharge Family Safety Interviews (FSIs). Two physicians reviewed and independently categorized all incidents, rating severity and preventability (agreement, 68%-90%; κ, 0.50-0.68). Discordant categorizations were reconciled. Rates were generated using Poisson regression estimated via generalized estimating equations to account for repeated measures on the same patient. Main Outcomes and Measures: Error and AE rates. Results: Overall, 746 parents/caregivers consented for the study. Of these, 717 completed FSIs. Their median (interquartile range) age was 32.5 (26-40) years; 380 (53.0%) were nonwhite, 566 (78.9%) were female, 603 (84.1%) were English speaking, and 380 (53.0%) had attended college. Of 717 parents/caregivers completing FSIs, 185 (25.8%) reported a total of 255 incidents, which were classified as 132 safety concerns (51.8%), 102 nonsafety-related quality concerns (40.0%), and 21 other concerns (8.2%). These included 22 preventable AEs (8.6%), 17 nonharmful medical errors (6.7%), and 11 nonpreventable AEs (4.3%) on the study unit. In total, 179 errors and 113 AEs were identified from all sources. Family reports included 8 otherwise unidentified AEs, including 7 preventable AEs. Error rates with family reporting (45.9 per 1000 patient-days) were 1.2-fold (95% CI, 1.1-1.2) higher than rates without family reporting (39.7 per 1000 patient-days). Adverse event rates with family reporting (28.7 per 1000 patient-days) were 1.1-fold (95% CI, 1.0-1.2; P = .006) higher than rates without (26.1 per 1000 patient-days). Families and clinicians reported similar rates of errors (10.0 vs 12.8 per 1000 patient-days; relative rate, 0.8; 95% CI, .5-1.2) and AEs (8.5 vs 6.2 per 1000 patient-days; relative rate, 1.4; 95% CI, 0.8-2.2). Family-reported error rates were 5.0-fold (95% CI, 1.9-13.0) higher and AE rates 2.9-fold (95% CI, 1.2-6.7) higher than hospital incident report rates. Conclusions and Relevance: Families provide unique information about hospital safety and should be included in hospital safety surveillance in order to facilitate better design and assessment of interventions to improve safety.


Assuntos
Criança Hospitalizada/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Pediátricos/estatística & dados numéricos , Erros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Estados Unidos
18.
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol ; 55(5): 716-721, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27374344

RESUMO

Mutations in the ATP-binding cassette transporter A3 gene (ABCA3) result in severe neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and childhood interstitial lung disease. As most ABCA3 mutations are rare or private, determination of mutation pathogenicity is often based on results from in silico prediction tools, identification in unrelated diseased individuals, statistical association studies, or expert opinion. Functional biologic studies of ABCA3 mutations are needed to confirm mutation pathogenicity and inform clinical decision making. Our objective was to functionally characterize two ABCA3 mutations (p.R288K and p.R1474W) identified among term and late-preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome with unclear pathogenicity in a genetically versatile model system. We performed transient transfection of HEK293T cells with wild-type or mutant ABCA3 alleles to assess protein processing with immunoblotting. We used transduction of A549 cells with adenoviral vectors, which concurrently silenced endogenous ABCA3 and expressed either wild-type or mutant ABCA3 alleles (p.R288K and p.R1474W) to assess immunofluorescent localization, ATPase activity, and organelle ultrastructure. Both ABCA3 mutations (p.R288K and p.R1474W) encoded proteins with reduced ATPase activity but with normal intracellular localization and protein processing. Ultrastructural phenotypes of lamellar body-like vesicles in A549 cells transduced with mutant alleles were similar to wild type. Mutant proteins encoded by ABCA3 mutations p.R288K and p.R1474W had reduced ATPase activity, a biologically plausible explanation for disruption of surfactant metabolism by impaired phospholipid transport into the lamellar body. These results also demonstrate the usefulness of a genetically versatile, human model system for functional characterization of ABCA3 mutations with unclear pathogenicity.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Mutação/genética , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/genética , Células A549 , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Adenoviridae/metabolismo , Imunofluorescência , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Immunoblotting , Lactente , Proteínas Mutantes/metabolismo , Organelas/metabolismo , Organelas/ultraestrutura , Frações Subcelulares/metabolismo
19.
Hum Mutat ; 37(7): 653-60, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26931382

RESUMO

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) arise from pathogenic mutations in over 100 genes leading to impaired protein or lipid glycosylation. ALG1 encodes a ß1,4 mannosyltransferase that catalyzes the addition of the first of nine mannose moieties to form a dolichol-lipid linked oligosaccharide intermediate required for proper N-linked glycosylation. ALG1 mutations cause a rare autosomal recessive disorder termed ALG1-CDG. To date 13 mutations in 18 patients from 14 families have been described with varying degrees of clinical severity. We identified and characterized 39 previously unreported cases of ALG1-CDG from 32 families and add 26 new mutations. Pathogenicity of each mutation was confirmed based on its inability to rescue impaired growth or hypoglycosylation of a standard biomarker in an alg1-deficient yeast strain. Using this approach we could not establish a rank order comparison of biomarker glycosylation and patient phenotype, but we identified mutations with a lethal outcome in the first two years of life. The recently identified protein-linked xeno-tetrasaccharide biomarker, NeuAc-Gal-GlcNAc2 , was seen in all 27 patients tested. Our study triples the number of known patients and expands the molecular and clinical correlates of this disorder.


Assuntos
Defeitos Congênitos da Glicosilação/genética , Manosiltransferases/genética , Mutação , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Defeitos Congênitos da Glicosilação/metabolismo , Feminino , Genes Letais , Glicosilação , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
J Pediatr ; 172: 69-74.e2, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26935785

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the genetic contribution to risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) among moderately preterm, late preterm, and term infants (estimated gestational age ≥32 weeks) of African- and European-descent. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed clinical records for 524 consecutive twin pairs ≥32 weeks gestation. We identified pairs in which at least 1 twin had RDS (n = 225) and compared the concordance of RDS between monozygotic and dizygotic twins. Using mixed-effects logistic regression, we identified covariates that increased disease risk. We performed additive genetic, common environmental, and residual effects modeling to estimate genetic variance and used the ratio of genetic variance to total variance to estimate genetic contribution to RDS disease risk. RESULTS: Monozygotic twins were more concordant for RDS than dizygotic twins (P = .0040). Estimated gestational age, European-descent, male sex, delivery by cesarean, and 5-minute Apgar score each independently increased risk for RDS. After adjusting for these covariates, genetic effects accounted for 58% (P = .0002) of the RDS disease risk variance for all twin pairs. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to environmental factors, genetic factors may contribute to RDS risk among moderately preterm, late preterm, and term infants. Discovery of risk alleles may be important for prediction and management of RDS risk.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/genética , Nascimento a Termo , Gêmeos Dizigóticos/genética , Gêmeos Monozigóticos/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA