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1.
Fam Syst Health ; 37(3): 244-248, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318230

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate parents' interest in additional primary care-based resources for their children's behavioral health, including parenting support. METHOD: We surveyed 264 English- or Spanish-speaking parents (80% mothers) of children between the ages of 3 and 11 years as they arrived for an appointment at an urban, pediatric primary care clinic. Measures included demographics, the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC-17) as a parent report of the child's behavioral health, and interest in behavioral resources (e.g., a parenting class, online videos). We used multiple regression to evaluate the predictors of resource interest. RESULTS: Most parents reported interest in behavioral health resources, including many parents not reporting behavioral symptoms high enough to meet criteria for a positive PSC-17. Overall, 82% of parents reported interest in at least 1 resource item; 28% reported interest in all 7 resource items. The resource item with the most interest was online videos and resources (64%). More behavioral health issues (indicated by higher PSC-17 total scores) were positively related to interest in resources; 20% screened positive for behavioral health concerns. DISCUSSION: Parental report of child behavioral health issues was related to greater interest in resources for children's behavioral health; of note, much of the interest came from parents reporting levels of behavioral health concerns that would be scored as negative on the screening tool in practice. These results provide support for efforts to increase parenting and behavioral health resources through primary care, and raise questions about how to best direct resources. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

2.
Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care ; 46(9): 291-312, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27712646

RESUMO

The topic of persistent child health disparities remains a priority for policymakers and a concern for pediatric clinicians. Health disparities are defined as differences in adverse health outcomes for specific health indicators that exist across sub-groups of the population, frequently between minority and majority populations. This review will highlight the gains that have been made since the 1990s as well as describe disparities that have persisted or have worsened into the 21st century. It will also examine the most potent social determinants and their impact on the major disparities in mortality, preventive care, chronic disease, mental health, educational outcomes, and exposure to selected environmental toxins. Each section concludes with a description of interventions and innovations that have been successful in reducing child health disparities.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Criança , Mortalidade da Criança , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/terapia , Escolaridade , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Justiça Social
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