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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(8): 1031-1040, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) is commonly used for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE), but its prognostic value remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the prognostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) and native valve endocarditis (NVE). METHODS: This study prospectively included 173 consecutive patients (109 PVE and 64 NVE) with definite left-sided IE who had an 18F-FDG PET/CT and were followed-up for 1 year. The primary endpoint was a composite of major cardiac events: death, recurrence of IE, acute cardiac failure, nonscheduled hospitalization for cardiovascular indication, and new embolic event. RESULTS: 18F-FDG PET/CT was positive in 100 (58%) patients, 83% (n = 90 of 109) in the PVE, and 16% (n = 10 of 64) in the NVE group. At a mean follow-up of 225 days (interquartile range: 199 to 251 days), the primary endpoint occurred in 94 (54%) patients: 63 (58%) in the PVE group and 31 (48%) in the NVE group. In the PVE group, positive 18F-FDG PET/CT was significantly associated with a higher rate of primary endpoint (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.7; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1 to 6.7; p = 0.04). Moderate to intense 18F-FDG valvular uptake was also associated with worse outcome (HR: 2.3; 95% CI: 1.3 to 4.5; p = 0.03) and to new embolic events in PVE (HR: 7.5; 95% CI: 1.24 to 45.2; p = 0.03) and in NVE (HR: 8.8; 95% CI: 1.1 to 69.5; p = 0.02). In the NVE group, 18F-FDG PET/CT was not associated with occurrence of the primary endpoint CONCLUSIONS: In addition to its good diagnostic performance, 18F-FDG PET/CT is predictive of major cardiac events in PVE and new embolic events within the first year following IE.

2.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256993

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the impact of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) without preliminary balloon aortic valvuloplasty (pre-BAV) on periprocedural outcomes in a large, real-world registry. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SOURCE 3 registry was an observational, multi-center, single-arm study of patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis at high surgical risk treated with the SAPIEN 3 transcatheter heart valve (THV). Procedural and 30-day outcomes were compared between two groups of 772 patients each (retrospectively matched) with or without pre-BAV. All baseline clinical, echocardiographic, and anatomical valve characteristics were comparable between groups except for Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score, which was lower in the direct TAVR group (6.0 ±â€¯5.9 vs 7.8 ±â€¯8.3; p = 0.003). In the direct TAVR group, there were less post-dilatations (8.1% vs. 13.1%, p = 0.002), shorter procedural time (70.9 ±â€¯39.8 min vs 73.0 ±â€¯32.2 min, p = 0.033) and fluoroscopy time (13.4 ±â€¯7.0 min vs 14.9 ±â€¯7.4 min, p < 0.001). Other procedural outcomes and echocardiographic variables at 30 days did not differ significantly between the two groups: safety endpoint (10.4% with pre-BAV vs 13.5% with direct TAVR, p = 0.059), mortality (2.1% vs 2.3%, p = 0.730), disabling strokes (0.4% vs 0.5%, p = 0.704), and moderate to severe paravalvular leak (PVL) (3.2% vs 2.2%, p = 0.40). Unexpectedly, new permanent pacemaker implantation and life-threatening bleeds were less frequently observed with pre-BAV group than with direct TAVR (10.4% vs 13.9%, p = 0.032 and 3.5% vs 6.5%, p = 0.007, respectively). CONCLUSION: In this large TAVR dataset, direct implantation of the SAPIEN 3 THV without pre-BAV was feasible and safe and resulted in shorter procedures, without impact on 30-day prosthesis function and PVL.

3.
Cardiol J ; 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) mechanics are impaired in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS); however, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) may positively affect LV mechanics. Assessed herein is the performance of the SAPIEN 3 transcatheter heart valve (THV) and the effect of TAVI on LV function recovery, as assessed by global longitudinal strain (GLS). METHODS: A subset of patients from the SOURCE 3 registry (n = 276) from 16 European centers received SAPIEN 3 balloon-expandable THV. Echocardiography was performed at baseline, post-procedure, and at 1 year, including assessment of GLS using standard two-dimensional images, and was analyzed in a core laboratory Paired analyses between baseline and discharge, baseline and at 1 year were conducted. RESULTS: Hemodynamic parameters were improved after TAVI and sustained to 1 year. At 1 year, the rate of moderate to severe paravalvular leaks (PVL), and moderate to severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitations were 1.8%, 1.7%, and 8.0%, respectively. The discharge GLS (-15.6 ± 5.1; p = 0.004; n = 149) improved significantly from baseline (-15.1 ± 4.8) following TAVI. This improvement was sustained at 1 year compared with baseline (-17.0 ± 4.6, p < 0.001; n = 100). Conversely, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) did not significantly change following TAVI (p = 0.47). CONCLUSIONS: Following TAVI with a third-generation THV, valve performances were good at 1 year with low PVL rate. The LV mechanics improved immediately after the procedure and were maintained at 1 year. These findings demonstrate the benefit of TAVI on LV mechanics, and suggests that GLS may be superior to LVEF in assessing this benefit. Clinicaltrial.gov number: NCT02698956.

4.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(2): 95-103, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) is controversial. AIM: To analyse outcome after undersizing annuloplasty (UA) and mitral valve replacement (MVR). METHODS: Consecutive patients operated on for severe SMR, with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)<40% and refractory CHF, were included. Endpoints were in-hospital mortality, mid-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality, evolution of LV variables and recurrence of mitral regurgitation (MR). RESULTS: 59 patients were included (mean age 65±10 years, preoperative LVEF 36±6%; effective regurgitant orifice [ERO] 41±17 mm2), 41 with ischaemic disease: 12 underwent UA and 47 underwent MVR; only eight had concomitant coronary revascularization. In-hospital mortality was 3.3% (8.3% in UA group; 2.1% in MVR group). Eight-year CV mortality was 39±13% (40±18% in UA group; 27±10% in MVR group). Older age (hazard ratio 1.14, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 1.22; P<0.001) and LV end-systolic diameter (hazard ratio 1.18, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 1.27; P<0.001) independently predicted CV mortality. LVEF did not change between the preoperative and follow-up transthoracic echocardiograms in the MVR group (36±6% vs. 35±10%; P=0.6) or the UA group (36±5% vs. 31±12%; P=0.09). Conversely, LV end-diastolic diameter decreased significantly in the MVR group (64±8m to 59±9mm; P=0.002), but not in the UA group (61±7m to 64±10mm; P=0.2). Recurrence of significant MR occurred in 81% of patients in the UA group (mean postoperative ERO 19±6 mm2) versus none in the MVR group. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of SMR can be performed with acceptable operative risk and mid-term survival in severe heart failure, even if there is no indication for revascularization. MVR is associated with significant reverse remodelling, and UA with prohibitive risk of MR recurrence.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
5.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 108(7): 763-771, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current trials and registries of transcatheter valve implantation (TAVI) mostly include patients older than 75 years. Little is known about younger patients who undergo this treatment. We investigated comorbidities among patients < 75 years old who underwent TAVI in the SAPIEN 3™ European post-approval SOURCE 3 Registry, and analysed outcomes at 30 days and 1 year. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three age groups of patients were analysed for outcomes and characteristics: < 75 (n = 235), 75-80 (n = 391) and ≥ 80 years (n = 1320). Overall, the mean age was 81.6 ± 6.7 years; transfemoral access was used in 87.1% of patients treated with SAPIEN 3 transcatheter heart valves. The mean logistic EuroSCORE increased according to age group (12.6%, 17.3% and 19.7%, respectively, p < 0.001). Younger patients had a higher incidence of comorbidities, particularly those not included in surgical risk score assessment tools, e.g., severe liver disease, previous radiation therapy, and porcelain aorta. Mortality rates were similar between age groups at 30 days (1.7%, 2.0% and 2.3%, respectively, p = 0.79) and 1 year (14.2%, 9.3% and 13.3%, respectively, p = 0.08). However, sudden cardiac death rates were higher in the < 75 years age group compared with the ≥ 85 years age group (20.7% vs. 4.8%, p = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: In current TAVI practice, patients younger than 75 years are a minority (12%). Despite younger age and lower surgical risk scores, this cohort was characterized by comorbidities not accounted for by traditional surgical risk scores. More data are needed for this age group to guide the appropriate decision between surgery and TAVI. CLINICALTRIAL. GOV NUMBER: NCT02698956.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(19): 1956-1965, 2018 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the current practices and compare outcomes according to the use of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) or not during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Since its development, aortic valve pre-dilatation has been an essential step of TAVR procedures. However, the feasibility of TAVR without systematic BAV has been described. METHODS: TAVR performed in 48 centers across France between January 2013 and December 2015 were prospectively included in the FRANCE TAVI (Registry of Aortic Valve Bioprostheses Established by Catheter) registry. We compared outcomes according to BAV during the TAVR procedure. RESULTS: A total of 5,784 patients have been included in our analysis, corresponding to 2,579 (44.6%) with BAV avoidance and 3,205 (55.4%) patients with BAV performed. We observed a progressive decline in the use of BAV over time (78% of procedures in 2013 and 49% in the last trimester of 2015). Avoidance of BAV was associated with similar device implantation success (97.3% vs. 97.6%; p = 0.40). TAVR procedures without BAV were quicker (fluoroscopy 17.2 ± 9.1 vs. 18.5 ± 8.8 min; p < 0.01) and used lower amounts of contrast (131.5 ± 61.6 vs. 141.6 ± 61.5; p < 0.01) and radiation (608.9 ± 576.3 vs. 667.0 ± 631.3; p < 0.01). The rates of moderate to severe aortic regurgitation were lower with avoidance of BAV (8.3% vs. 12.2%; p < 0.01) and tamponade rates (1.5% vs. 2.3%; p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed that TAVR without BAV is frequently performed in France with good procedural results. This procedure is associated with procedural simplification and lower rates of residual aortic regurgitation.

7.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2018 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30122544

RESUMO

RATIONAL & OBJECTIVE: Data for outcomes of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) are limited. We examined the incidence and prevalence of ESRD due to scleroderma in Europe and the outcomes among these patients following initiation of RRT. STUDY DESIGN: Registry study of incidence and prevalence and a matched cohort study of clinical outcomes. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients represented in any of 19 renal registries that provided data to the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry between 2002 and 2013. PREDICTOR: Scleroderma as the identified cause of ESRD. OUTCOMES: Incidence and prevalence of ESRD from scleroderma. Recovery from RRT dependence, patient survival after ESRD, and graft survival after kidney transplantation. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: Incidence and prevalence were calculated using population data from the European Union and standardized to population characteristics in 2005. Patient and graft survival were compared with 2 age- and sex-matched control groups without scleroderma: (1) diabetes mellitus as the cause of ESRD and (2) conditions other than diabetes mellitus as the cause of ESRD. Survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression. RESULTS: 342 patients with scleroderma (0.14% of all incident RRT patients) were included. Between 2002 and 2013, the range of adjusted annual incidence and prevalence rates of RRT for ESRD due to scleroderma were 0.11 to 0.26 and 0.73 to 0.95 per million population, respectively. Recovery of independent kidney function was greatest in the scleroderma group (7.6% vs 0.7% in diabetes mellitus and 2.0% in other primary kidney diseases control group patients, both P<0.001), though time required to achieve recovery was longer. The 5-year survival probability from day 91 of RRT among patients with scleroderma was 38.9% (95% CI, 32.0%-45.8%), whereas 5-year posttransplantation patient survival and 5-year allograft survival were 88.2% (95% CI, 75.3%-94.6%) and 72.4% (95% CI, 55.0%-84.0%), respectively. Adjusted mortality from day 91 on RRT was higher among patients with scleroderma than observed in both control groups (HRs of 1.25 [95% CI, 1.05-1.48] and 2.00 [95% CI, 1.69-2.39]). In contrast, patient and graft survival after kidney transplantation did not differ between patients with scleroderma and control groups. LIMITATIONS: No data for extrarenal manifestations, treatment, or recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Survival of patients with scleroderma who receive dialysis for more than 90 days was worse than for those with other causes of ESRD. Patient survival after transplantation was similar to that observed among patients with ESRD due to other conditions. Patients with scleroderma had a higher rate of recovery from RRT dependence than controls.

8.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 35(12): 911-918, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29702502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Raised plasma levels of endogenous adenosine after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) have been related to the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). OBJECTIVE: We wished to assess if caffeine, an adenosine receptor antagonist could have a beneficial effect on the incidence of POAF. DESIGN: A randomised controlled study. SETTING: Single University Hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred and ten patients scheduled for heart valve surgery with CPB. INTERVENTIONS: We randomly assigned patients to receive peri-operative oral caffeine (400 mg every 8 h for 2 days) or placebo. Adenosine plasma concentrations and caffeine pharmacokinetic profile were evaluated in a subgroup of 50 patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary endpoint was the rate of atrial fibrillation during postoperative hospital stay. RESULTS: The current study was stopped for futility by the data monitoring board after an interim analysis. The incidence of atrial fibrillation was similar in the caffeine and in the placebo group during hospital stay (33 vs. 29%, P = 0.67) and the first 3 postoperative days (18 vs. 15%; P = 0.60). Basal and postoperative adenosine plasma levels were significantly associated with the primary outcome. Adenosine plasma levels were similar in the two treatment groups. Caffeine administration was associated with a higher incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (27 vs. 7%, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Oral caffeine does not prevent POAF after heart valve surgery with CPB but increased the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, no.: NCT01999829.

9.
Transpl Int ; 31(5): 540-553, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29383764

RESUMO

To what extent access to, and allocation of kidney transplants and survival outcomes in patients aged ≥75 years have changed over time in Europe is unclear. We included patients aged ≥75-84 years (termed older adults) receiving renal replacement therapy in thirteen European countries between 2005 and 2014. Country differences and time trends in access to, and allocation of kidney transplants were examined. Survival outcomes were determined by Cox regression analyses. Between 2005 and 2014, 1392 older adult patients received 1406 transplants. Access to kidney transplantation varied from ~0% (Slovenia, Greece and Denmark) to ~4% (Norway and various Spanish regions) of all older adult dialysis patients, and overall increased from 0.3% (2005) to 0.9% (2014). Allocation of kidney transplants to older adults overall increased from 0.8% (2005) to 3.2% (2014). Seven-year unadjusted patient and graft survival probabilities were 49.1% (95% confidence interval, 95% CI: 43.6; 54.4) and 41.7% (95% CI: 36.5; 46.8), respectively, with a temporal trend towards improved survival outcomes. In conclusion, in the European dialysis population aged ≥75-84 years access to kidney transplantation is low, and allocation of kidney transplants remains a rare event. Though both are increasing with time and vary considerably between countries. The trend towards improved survival outcomes is encouraging. This information can aid informed decision-making regarding treatment options.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos
10.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 33(10): 1794-1804, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29361126

RESUMO

Background: Patients starting renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease often present with one or more co-morbidities. This study explored the prevalence of co-morbidities in patients who started RRT in Europe during the period from 2005 to 2014. Methods: Using data from patients aged 20 years or older from all 11 national or regional registries providing co-morbidity data to the European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Association Registry, we examined the prevalence of the following co-morbidities: diabetes mellitus (DM) (primary renal disease and/or co-morbidity), ischaemic heart disease (IHD), congestive heart failure (CHF), peripheral vascular disease (PVD), cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and malignancy. Results: Overall, 70% of 7578 patients who initiated RRT in 2014 presented with at least one co-morbidity: 39.0% presented with DM, 25.0% with IHD, 22.3% with CHF, 17.7% with PVD, 16.4% with malignancy and 15.5% with CVD. These percentages differed substantially between countries. Co-morbidities were more common in men than in women, in older patients than in younger patients, and in patients on haemodialysis at Day 91 when compared with patients on peritoneal dialysis. Between 2005 and 2014 the prevalence of DM and malignancy increased over time, whereas the prevalence of IHD and PVD declined. Conclusions: More than two-thirds of patients initiating RRT in Europe have at least one co-morbidity. With the rising age at the start of RRT over the last decade, there have been changes in the co-morbidity pattern: the prevalence of cardiovascular co-morbidities decreased, while the prevalence of DM and malignancy increased.

12.
Circulation ; 137(10): 1049-1059, 2018 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29097449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac transplantation is an effective therapy for end-stage heart failure. Because cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is the major cause of late mortality after heart transplant (HT), there is a need to identify markers that reflect inflammatory or cytotoxic immune mechanisms contributing to its onset. Noninvasive and early stratification of patients at risk remains a challenge for adapting individualized therapy. The CD16 (Fc-gamma receptor 3A [FCGR3A]) receptor was recently identified as a major determinant of antibody-mediated natural killer (NK) cell activation in HT biopsies; however, little is known about the role of CD16 in promoting allograft vasculopathy. This study aimed to investigate whether markers that reflect CD16-dependent circulating NK cell activation may identify patients at higher risk of developing CAV after HT. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 103 patients undergoing routine coronarography angiography for CAV diagnosis (median 5 years since HT). Genomic and phenotypic analyses of FCGR3A/CD16 Fc-receptor profiles were compared in CAV-positive (n=52) and CAV-free patients (n=51). The levels of CD16 expression and rituximab-dependent cell cytotoxic activity of peripheral NK cells in HT recipients were evaluated using a noninvasive NK-cellular humoral activation test. RESULTS: Enhanced levels of CD16 expression and antibody-dependent NK cell cytotoxic function of HT recipients were associated with the FCGR3A-VV genotype. The frequency of the FCGR3A-VV genotype was significantly higher in the CAV+ group (odds ratio, 3.9; P=0.0317) than in the CAV- group. The FCGR3A-VV genotype was identified as an independent marker correlated with the presence of CAV at the time of coronary angiography by using multivariate logistic regression models. The FCGR3A-VV genotype was also identified as a baseline-independent predictor of CAV risk (odds ratio, 4.7; P=0.023). CONCLUSIONS: This study unravels a prominent role for the CD16-dependent NK cell activation pathway in the complex array of factors that favor the progression of transplant arteriosclerosis. It highlights the clinical potential of a noninvasive evaluation of FCGR3A/CD16 in the early stratification of CAV risk. The recognition of CD16 as a major checkpoint that controls immune surveillance may promote the design of individualized NK cell-targeted therapies to limit vascular damage in highly responsive sensitized patients. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01569334.

13.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 19(2): 225-233, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28329317

RESUMO

Aims: When compared with the former Sapien XT (XT-THV), the Sapien 3 trans-catheter heart valve (S3-THV) embeds an outer annular sealing cuff to prevent para-valvular regurgitation (PVR). The consequences of this new feature on valve haemodynamics have never been evaluated. We aimed to compare both types of prostheses regarding patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM). Methods and results: Patients who underwent a TAVR for aortic stenosis were retrospectively included. Regression adjustment for the propensity score was used to compare 50 XT-THV patients with 71 S3-THV. At the 1-month follow-up, the mean indexed effective orifice area (iEOA) was 1.12 ± 0.34 cm2/m2 with XT-THV and 0.96 ± 0.27 cm2/m2 with S3-THV. The mean gradient was 11 ± 5 mmHg and 13 ± 5 mmHg, respectively. Nine patients had moderate PPM, and two exhibited severe PPM with XT-THV. Nineteen patients had moderate PPM, and seven demonstrated severe PPM with S3-THV. There was a five-fold increased risk of PPM with S3-THV (OR = 4.98; [1.38-20.94], P = 0.019). S3-THV decreased the iEOA by 0.21 cm2/m2 [-0.21; (-0.38 to - 0.05); P = 0.012] and increased the mean gradient by 4.95 mmHg [4.95; (2.27-7.64); P < 0.001]. The risk of PPM was increased 15.24-fold with 23 mm S3-THV [15.24; (2.92-101.52); P = 0.002] in comparison with the 23 mm XT-THV. PVR were reduced by 98% with S3-THV. Conclusion: There is an increased risk of PPM with 23mm S3-THV in comparison with 23 mm XT-THV. This may be attributable to the additional sub-annular cuff that avoids the risk of PVR. Regarding the increased vulnerability of younger patients to PPM, we provide essential information on the extension of TAVR indication to the younger population.

14.
Infection ; 45(6): 911-915, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28779434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coxiella burnetii is an intracellular and fastidious bacterium responsible of acute and persistent Q fever infection. Endocarditis and vascular infections are the most common serious complications of acute Q fever. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 63-year-old man that presented a mediastinitis associated with a prosthetic vascular infection. Serological cross-reaction was observed between Coxiella burnetii, the agent of Q fever, and Legionella pneumophila with higher antibodies titer for L. pneumophila (IgG = 1:512) than for C. burnetii (phase I IgG = 1:400). We performed western blot with cross-adsorption that supports the diagnosis of C. burnetii infection. Two weeks later, a positive qPCR and culture for C. burnetii on swab taken from the mediastinal cutaneous fistula confirmed the definitive microbiological diagnosis of Q fever mediastinitis. CONCLUSION: Cross-reactivity between C. burnetii and Legionella spp. has long been known and should be considered in patients with persistent infections. It is important to establish the definite diagnosis because the antibiotic treatment regimens and duration are significantly different. To the best of our knowledge, we reported here the first case of mediastinitis associated to C. burnetii and we diagnosed this persistent infection despite low anti-C. burnetii phase I IgG levels.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Coxiella burnetii/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Legionella pneumophila/imunologia , Mediastinite/diagnóstico , Febre Q/diagnóstico , Western Blotting , Coxiella burnetii/isolamento & purificação , Reações Cruzadas , França , Humanos , Masculino , Mediastinite/tratamento farmacológico , Mediastinite/microbiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Febre Q/tratamento farmacológico , Febre Q/microbiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Heart ; 103(23): 1906-1910, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28642290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are a rare complication of infective endocarditis (IE). Only case reports and small studies have been published to date. We report the largest series of ACS in IE. The aim of our study was to describe the incidence and mechanisms of ACS associated with IE, to assess their prognostic impact and to describe their management. METHODS: In a bicentre prospective observational cohort study, all patients with a definite diagnosis of IE were prospectively included. The incidence, mechanism and prognosis of patients with ACS were studied. RESULTS: Among 1210 consecutive patients with definite IE, 26 patients (2.2%) developed an ACS. Twenty-three patients (88%) had a coronary embolism. Two patients had coronary compression by an abscess or a pseudoaneurysm and one patient had an obstruction of his bioprosthesis and left coronary ostium by a large vegetation. Nineteen (73%) patients with ACS developed heart failure and this complication was 2.5 times more frequent than in patients without ACS (p<0.0001). In the ACS population, mortality rate was twice than the population without ACS. CONCLUSIONS: ACS is a rare complication of IE but is associated with an increased risk of heart failure and high mortality rate.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Endocardite/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Endocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite/mortalidade , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 25(1): 68-74, 2017 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28369288

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of rapid-deployment aortic valve replacement (RDAVR) for severe aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: All consecutive patients with severe AS who underwent RDAVR with the EDWARDS INTUITY bioprosthesis were prospectively included in a single-centre, cohort study between July 2012 and April 2015. Clinical examination and transthoracic echocardiography were performed preoperatively and at 1-month and 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: We included 150 patients: mean age 76.8 ± 6.2 years, 68.7% male and mean EuroSCORE II 3.4 ± 3.7%. Implantation was successful in all: 103 (68.7%) had isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) and 47 (31.3%) had concomitant procedures. For isolated AVR, mean cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times were 37.6 ± 13.3 and 59.9 ± 20.4 min, respectively. Overall, the 1-year Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 97.1% (95% confidence interval 92.4-98.9%). At 1 year, stroke occurred in 5 patients (3.34%), myocardial infarction in 1 (0.69%), endocarditis in 1 (0.69%), early explantation in 1 (0.67%), pacemaker implantation in 8 (5.6%) and Grade 2 periprosthetic regurgitation in 4 (3.2%; no grade 3 of 4). There were significant decreases from baseline ( P < 0.001) in the proportion at New York Heart Association Class III/V (35.3-4.1%), mean gradient (54.9 ± 17.3 mmHg to 11.3 ± 4.8 mmHg) and mean left ventricular mass index (160.3 ± 44.8 g/m 2 to 118.5 ± 39.4 g/m 2 ). Mean indexed effective orifice area at 1 year was 1.02 ± 0.37 cm 2 /m 2 . Ten patients (6.6%) had severe patient-prosthesis mismatch. CONCLUSIONS: RDAVR for severe AS provided favourable outcomes over 1 year.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pericárdio/transplante , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Heart ; 103(20): 1602-1609, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28432160

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in octogenarians and assess their prognosis. METHODS: Patients with definite IE hospitalised at a referral centre between July 2008 and July 2013 were prospectively included. A total of 454 patients were divided into three groups: 230 patients under 65 years old, 173 patients between 65 and 80 years old, and 51 patients over 80 years old. The main end point was 1-year mortality. RESULTS: One-year mortality was higher in the ≥80 years old group (37.3%) than in the <65 years old group (13%; p<0.001) and the 65-80 years old group (19.7%; p=0.009). Enterococci and Streptococcus gallolyticus were the more frequent micro-organisms. Embolism under antibiotic therapy (n=11 (21.6%), p=0.03) and renal failure (n=23 (51%), p=0.004) were more frequent in the ≥80 years old group. Among the ≥80 years old group, 38 patients had theoretical indication for surgery. Mortality was low (6.3%) in the 16 operated patients, but very high (72.7%) in the 22 patients not operated. Even if octogenarians were less often operated, their survival after surgery was excellent like younger patients (93.7%, 89.9% and 90.4%, respectively), whereas the absence of surgery was associated with very poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: IE in octogenarians is a different disease, with Enterococci as the most frequent micro-organisms and with higher mortality than younger patients. ESC recommendations for surgery are less implemented than in younger patients, yielding dramatic mortality in patients not operated despite a theoretical indication for surgery, while operated patients have an excellent prognosis. These results suggest that surgery is underused in octogenarians.


Assuntos
Endocardite Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Endocardite Bacteriana/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Endocardite Bacteriana/terapia , Feminino , França , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 110(3): 139-148, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28117247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is the gold-standard treatment for end-stage heart failure. However, the shortage of grafts has led to longer waiting times and increased mortality for candidates without priority. AIMS: To study waiting-list and post-transplant mortality, and their risk factors among patients registered for heart transplantation without initial high emergency procedure. METHODS: All patients registered on the heart transplantation waiting list (2004-2015) without initial high emergency procedure were included. Clinical, biological, echocardiographic and haemodynamic data were collected. Waiting list and 1-year post-transplant survival were analysed with a Kaplan-Meier model. RESULTS: Of 221 patients enrolled, 168 (76.0%) were men. Mean age was 50.0±12.0 years. Forty-seven patients died on the waiting list, resulting in mortality rates of 11.2±2.7% at 1 year, 31.9±5.4% at 2 years and 49.4±7.1% at 3 years. Median survival was 36.0±4.6 months. In the multivariable analysis, left ventricular ejection fraction<30% (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.76, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.38-10.24; P=0.010) and severe right ventricular systolic dysfunction (HR: 2.89, 95% CI: 1.41-5.92; P=0.004) were associated with increased waiting-list mortality. The post-transplant survival rate was 73.1±4.4% at 1 year. Pretransplant severe right ventricular dysfunction and age>50 years were strong predictors of death after transplantation (HR: 5.38, 95% CI: 1.38-10.24 [P=0.020] and HR: 6.16, 95% CI: 1.62-9.32 [P=0.0130], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Mortality among candidates for heart transplantation remains high. Patients at highest risk of waiting-list mortality have to be promoted, but without compromising post-transplant outcomes. For this reason, candidates with severe right ventricular dysfunction are of concern, because, for them, transplantation is hazardous.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Direita , Listas de Espera/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , França , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Doadores de Tecidos/provisão & distribução , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
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