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J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 62(4): 364-368, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829742


BACKGROUND: Endovascular balloon angioplasty is a common practice to treat femoropopliteal arterial lesions. The precise balloon inflation duration to obtain the best lesion dilatation is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess angiographic images after 3- and 5-minute balloon inflation in femoropopliteal de-novo atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS: We randomly assigned 61 femoropopliteal arterial lesions to undergo balloon angioplasty for 3 and 5 minutes. The primary endpoint was the rate of favorable angiographic images after balloon angioplasty. The correlation between angiographic image and degree of calcification was studied. The secondary endpoint was the need of additional ballooning or stenting of the dilated lesion. RESULTS: Thirty-two (52%) lesions were randomized to a 3-minute inflation time and 29 (48%) lesions to a 5-minute inflation time. Median lesion length was 83±32mm in the 3-minute group and 89±31mm in the 5-minute inflation group (P=0.47). After deflation, vessel recoil was significantly higher in the 3-minute group compared to the 5-minute group (P=0.04), in mild to moderate calcified lesions, 18 (56%) and 9 (31%) cases, respectively. The angiographic result after balloon angioplasty was significantly more favorable (P=0.007) in the 5-minute group with 20 (69%) cases compared to 10 (31%) cases in the 3-minute group. An increase of vessel recoil of 62% has been seen in severe calcified lesions in the 5-minute group. Additional intervention rate was significantly higher (P=0.007) in the 3-minute group compared to the 5-minute group. CONCLUSIONS: A prolonged inflation time of 5 minutes has an overall better angiographic image in the femoropopliteal segment and especially in non- or mildly calcified lesions.

Angiografia/métodos , Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Idoso , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular
EJVES Vasc Forum ; 48: 32-34, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103134


Introduction: Spinal cord ischaemia (SCI) is a devastating complication of the treatment of thoraco-abdominal aneurysms. Peri-operative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage, typically using a spinal catheter, is a possible preventive measure. There are no reports or guidelines on peri-operative CSF drainage for this indication in patients with a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. Report: A single case of a patient suffering SCI after fenestrated endovascular aortic repair for the treatment of a pararenal aneurysm after previous open repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm is presented. Despite the presence of a patent VP shunt, elevated CSF pressures were observed after placement of a CSF drain. Discussion: A VP shunt with a gravitational component may drain insufficiently in bedridden patients who often lie with their head tilted on a cushion. In this position, both the differential pressure component and the gravitational component become active, thereby increasing the overall resistance to CSF outflow, hence increasing intracranial and intraspinal pressure. VP shunts with gravitational components should be managed with caution in the setting of prophylactic or therapeutic drainage of CSF to prevent SCI in extensive aortic repair. For reliable CSF pressure monitoring or active drainage in case of symptoms, the insertion of a spinal drain is indicated.