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1.
Blood ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527074

RESUMO

B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (B-PLL) is a rare hematological disorder whose underlying oncogenic mechanisms are poorly understood. Our cytogenetic and molecular assessment of 34 patients with B-PLL revealed several disease-specific features and potential therapeutic targets. The karyotype was complex ({greater than or equal to}3 abnormalities) in 73% of the patients and highly complex (>5 abnormalities) in 45%. The most frequent chromosomal aberrations were translocations involving MYC [t(MYC)] (62%), deletion (del)17p (38%), trisomy (tri)18 (30%), del13q (29%), tri3 (24%), tri12 (24%), and del8p (23%). Twenty-six of the 34 patients (76%) exhibit MYC aberration, resulting from mutually exclusive translocations or gains. Whole-exome sequencing revealed frequent mutations in TP53, MYD88, BCOR, MYC, SF3B1, SETD2, CHD2, CXCR4, and BCLAF1 The majority of B-PLL used the IGHV3 or IGHV4 subgroups (89%), and displayed significantly mutated IGHV genes (79%). We identified three distinct cytogenetic risk groups: low-risk (no MYC aberration), intermediate-risk (MYC aberration but no del17p), and high-risk (MYC aberration and del17p) (p=.0006). In vitro drug response profiling revealed that the combination of a B-cell receptor or BCL2 inhibitor with OTX015 (a bromodomain and extra-terminal motif (BET) inhibitor targeting MYC) was associated with significantly lower viability of B-PLL cells harboring a t(MYC). We conclude that cytogenetic analysis is a useful diagnostic and prognostic tool in B-PLL. Targeting MYC may be a useful treatment option in this disease.

2.
Br J Cancer ; 121(2): 180-192, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Height and body mass index (BMI) are associated with higher ovarian cancer risk in the general population, but whether such associations exist among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers is unknown. METHODS: We applied a Mendelian randomisation approach to examine height/BMI with ovarian cancer risk using the Consortium of Investigators for the Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA) data set, comprising 14,676 BRCA1 and 7912 BRCA2 mutation carriers, with 2923 ovarian cancer cases. We created a height genetic score (height-GS) using 586 height-associated variants and a BMI genetic score (BMI-GS) using 93 BMI-associated variants. Associations were assessed using weighted Cox models. RESULTS: Observed height was not associated with ovarian cancer risk (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.07 per 10-cm increase in height, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.94-1.23). Height-GS showed similar results (HR = 1.02, 95% CI: 0.85-1.23). Higher BMI was significantly associated with increased risk in premenopausal women with HR = 1.25 (95% CI: 1.06-1.48) and HR = 1.59 (95% CI: 1.08-2.33) per 5-kg/m2 increase in observed and genetically determined BMI, respectively. No association was found for postmenopausal women. Interaction between menopausal status and BMI was significant (Pinteraction < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our observation of a positive association between BMI and ovarian cancer risk in premenopausal BRCA1/2 mutation carriers is consistent with findings in the general population.

3.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(4): 470-475, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30640315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Almost no prospective data on endoscopy in MUTYH monoallelic carriers are available. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to define the prevalence of colorectal and duodenal adenomas in a population of people presenting with a single mutation of the MUTYH gene and being first-degree relatives of biallelic MUTYH mutation carriers. DESIGN: This study is a prospective cohort evaluation. PATIENTS: Patients were first-degree relatives of a patient who had polyposis with biallelic MUTYH mutation and carrying a single gene mutation of the gene from 12 French centers. SETTINGS: This is a multicenter study. INTERVENTION: Detailed data on life habits (tobacco, alcohol, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), extraintestinal manifestations, and germline analysis were recorded. Complete endoscopic evaluation (colonoscopy and upper endoscopy) with chromoendoscopy was performed. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients were prospectively included (34 women (55%), mean age of 54, range 30-70 years). Thirty-two patients (52%) presented with colorectal polyps at colonoscopy. Of these patients with polyps, 15 (25%) had only adenomas, 8 (13%) had only hyperplastic polyps, 1 (1%) had sessile serrated adenomas, and 8 (13%) had adenomas and/or sessile serrated adenomas. We detected, in total, 29 adenomas with low-grade dysplasia, 5 adenomas with high-grade dysplasia, and 6 sessile serrated adenomas. Fourteen patients (23%) presented with a single adenoma, and 10 (16%) had 1 to 5 adenomas. No patient had more than 5 adenomas. At upper endoscopy, 3 had a limited number of fundic gland polyps; none had duodenal adenomas. The 2 main missense mutations c.1145G>A, p.Gly382Asp and c.494A>G, p.Tyr165Cys were associated with the development of colorectal adenomas/serrated polyps in these monoallelic carriers. LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by the small number of patients. CONCLUSIONS: This prospective study provides unique prospective data suggesting that monoallelic mutation carriers related to patients with polyposis show no colorectal polyposis and have very limited upper GI manifestations justifying an endoscopic follow-up. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A862.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , DNA Glicosilases/genética , Neoplasias Duodenais , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Adenoma/genética , Adenoma/patologia , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/diagnóstico , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/epidemiologia , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Corantes/farmacologia , Neoplasias Duodenais/genética , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Saúde da Família , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Oncol Rep ; 37(3): 1573-1578, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28184945

RESUMO

Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease caused primarily by germline mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene. Rare cases of double heterozygosity for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations have been reported quite exceptionally in non-Ashkenazi individuals. We describe the case of a woman who developed a bilateral breast cancer, discovered concomitantly, at 46 years old. Biopsies confirmed the presence of two breast cancers with distinct histology. BRCA analysis was tested due to a positive family history of breast cancer, and two pathogenic monoallelic mutations were detected, one in the BRCA1 gene and one in the BRCA2 gene. There is no known Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. We report the first description of a never described double heterozygosity for BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variants in a French metastatic breast cancer patient, with two distinct histology, and two distinct mutations.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Triagem de Portadores Genéticos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Prognóstico
6.
Prenat Diagn ; 36(6): 523-9, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27018091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sex chromosome aneuploidies are frequently detected fortuitously in a prenatal diagnosis. Most cases of 47, XXX and 47, XYY syndromes are diagnosed in this context, and parents are thus faced with an unexpected situation. The objective of the present study was to characterize a French cohort of prenatally diagnosed cases of 47, XXX and 47, XYY and to evaluate the termination of pregnancy (TOP) rate before and after France's implementation of multidisciplinary centres for prenatal diagnosis in 1997. METHODS: This retrospective study identified respectively 291 and 175 cases of prenatally diagnosed 47, XXX and 47, XYY between 1976 and 2012. For each case, the indication, maternal age, karyotype and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: Most diagnoses of the two conditions were fortuitous. The occurrence of 47, XXX was associated with advanced maternal age. The overall TOP rate was higher for 47, XXX (22.9%) than for 47, XYY (14.6%), although this difference was not statistically significant. However, the TOP rates fell significantly after 1997 (from 41.1% to 11.8% for 47, XXX and from 25.8% to 6.7% for 47, XYY). CONCLUSION: The TOP rates after prenatal diagnoses of 47, XXX and 47, XYY fell significantly after 1997, following France's implementation of multidisciplinary centres for prenatal diagnosis. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/epidemiologia , Transtornos dos Cromossomos Sexuais/epidemiologia , Cariótipo XYY/epidemiologia , Aborto Induzido/tendências , Adulto , Amniocentese , Amostra da Vilosidade Coriônica , Cromossomos Humanos X , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Morte Fetal , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aberrações dos Cromossomos Sexuais , Transtornos dos Cromossomos Sexuais/diagnóstico , Transtornos dos Cromossomos Sexuais/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico por imagem , Trissomia/diagnóstico , Cariótipo XYY/diagnóstico , Cariótipo XYY/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 24(1): 99-105, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25873010

RESUMO

To determine if the at-risk single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) alleles for colorectal cancer (CRC) could contribute to clinical situations suggestive of an increased genetic risk for CRC, we performed a prospective national case-control study based on highly selected patients (CRC in two first-degree relatives, one before 61 years of age; or CRC diagnosed before 51 years of age; or multiple primary CRCs, the first before 61 years of age; exclusion of Lynch syndrome and polyposes) and controls without personal or familial history of CRC. SNPs were genotyped using SNaPshot, and statistical analyses were performed using Pearson's χ(2) test, Cochran-Armitage test of trend and logistic regression. We included 1029 patients and 350 controls. We confirmed the association of CRC risk with four SNPs, with odds ratio (OR) higher than previously reported: rs16892766 on 8q23.3 (OR: 1.88, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30-2.72; P=0.0007); rs4779584 on 15q13.3 (OR: 1.42, CI: 1.11-1.83; P=0.0061) and rs4939827 and rs58920878/Novel 1 on 18q21.1 (OR: 1.49, CI: 1.13-1.98; P=0.007 and OR: 1.49, CI: 1.14-1.95; P=0.0035). We found a significant (P<0.0001) cumulative effect of the at-risk alleles or genotypes with OR at 1.62 (CI: 1.10-2.37), 2.09 (CI: 1.43-3.07), 2.87 (CI: 1.76-4.70) and 3.88 (CI: 1.72-8.76) for 1, 2, 3 and at least 4 at-risk alleles, respectively, and OR at 1.71 (CI: 1.18-2.46), 2.29 (CI: 1.55-3.38) and 6.21 (CI: 2.67-14.42) for 1, 2 and 3 at-risk genotypes, respectively. Combination of SNPs may therefore explain a fraction of clinical situations suggestive of an increased risk for CRC.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 15 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 18 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8 , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Loci Gênicos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 53(8): 657-66, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24729385

RESUMO

Deletions of the long arm of chromosome 14 [del(14q)] are rare but recurrently observed in mature B-cell neoplasms, particularly in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). To further characterize this aberration, we studied 81 cases with del(14q): 54 of CLL and 27 of small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), the largest reported series to date. Using karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), the most frequent additional abnormality was trisomy 12 (tri12), observed in 28/79 (35%) cases, followed by del13q14 (12/79, 15%), delTP53 (11/80, 14%) delATM (5/79, 6%), and del6q21 (3/76, 4%). IGHV genes were unmutated in 41/53 (77%) patients, with a high frequency of IGHV1-69 (21/52, 40%). NOTCH1 gene was mutated in 14/45 (31%) patients. There was no significant difference in cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities between CLL and SLL. Investigations using FISH and SNP-array demonstrated the heterogeneous size of the 14q deletions. However, a group with the same del(14)(q24.1q32.33) was identified in 48% of cases. In this group, tri12 (P = 0.004) and NOTCH1 mutations (P = 0.02) were significantly more frequent than in the other patients. In CLL patients with del(14q), median treatment-free survival (TFS) was 27 months. In conclusion, del(14q) is associated with tri12 and with pejorative prognostic factors: unmutated IGHV genes (with over-representation of the IGHV1-69 repertoire), NOTCH1 mutations, and a short TFS.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 14/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Imunoglobulinas/genética , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Trissomia/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 12/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação
9.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 52(1): 81-92, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23012230

RESUMO

We previously showed that complex karyotypes (CK) and chromosome 13q abnormalities have an adverse prognostic impact in childhood Burkitt lymphomas/leukemias (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). The aim of our study was to identify recurrent alterations associated with MYC rearrangements in aggressive B-cell lymphomas with CK. Multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) was performed in 84 patient samples (59 adults and 25 children), including 37 BL (13 lymphomas and 24 acute leukemias), 12 DLBCL, 28 B-cell lymphomas with intermediate features (DLBCL/BL), 4 B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias (BCP-ALL), and 3 unclassifiable B-cell lymphomas. New (cytogenetically undetected) abnormalities were identified in 80% of patients. We also refined one-third of the chromosomal aberrations detected by karyotyping. M-FISH proved to be more useful in identifying chromosomal partners involved in unbalanced translocations and in revealing greater complexity of 13q rearrangements. Most of the newly identified or refined recurrent alterations involved 1q, 13q and 3q (gains/losses), 7q and 18q (gains), or 6q (losses), suggesting that these secondary aberrations may play a role in lymphomagenesis. Several patterns of genomic aberrations were identified: 1q gains in BL, trisomies 7 in DLBCL, and 18q-translocations in adult non-BL. BCP-ALL usually displayed an 18q21 rearrangement. BL karyotypes were less complex and aneuploid than those of other MYC-rearranged lymphomas. BCP-ALL and DLBCL/BL were associated with a higher rate of early death than BL and DLBCL. These findings support the categorization of DLBCL/BL as a distinct entity and suggest that BL with CK are indeed different from other aggressive MYC-rearranged lymphomas, which usually show greater genetic complexity. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos , Rearranjo Gênico , Genes myc , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Cariótipo Anormal , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino
10.
Eur J Haematol ; 88(3): 269-72, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22168404

RESUMO

The current screening for eligibility of unrelated volunteer marrow donors comprises a complete clinical check-up, a blood CBC and serum protein immunoelectrophoresis. This allows to eliminate acute leukemias, myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic disorders, myelomas and MGUS. To date, the risk of transmission of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) disease is only evaluated by the clinical evaluation and CBC. We report here the case of a CLL-type MBL disease occurring in a 12-year-old boy after unrelated BMT. Deep biological investigations, as Immunophenotyping, cytogenetic and molecular biology allow us to determine the donor origin of the CLL clone. In 2010, 14.2% donor (105/737) for unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were over 45y. It is currently estimated (USA) that 1 in 210 men and women will be diagnosed with CLL during their lifetime. Given the long asymptomatic phase of CLL, this raises the case for a detection strategy analog to that used for MGUS and myeloma through serum protein electrophoresis. This case-report, to our knowledge, of a CLL-type MBL unrelated donor-to-recipient transmission through BMT raises ethical and practical questions, such as the proper information about disease transmission risk. The cost-effectiveness of a systematic peripheral blood Immunophenotyping in donors elder than 40y at time of stem cell donation should be evaluated.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Medula Óssea/normas , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/etiologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/prevenção & controle , Linfocitose/etiologia , Linfocitose/prevenção & controle , Doadores não Relacionados , Adulto , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Rearranjo Gênico do Linfócito B , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Controle de Qualidade
11.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 20(5): 1032-8, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21393566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inherited BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) mutations confer elevated breast cancer risk. Knowledge of factors that can improve breast cancer risk assessment in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers may improve personalized cancer prevention strategies. METHODS: A cohort of 5,546 BRCA1 and 2,865 BRCA2 mutation carriers was used to evaluate risk of breast cancer associated with BARD1 Cys557Ser. In a second nonindependent cohort of 1,537 of BRCA1 and 839 BRCA2 mutation carriers, BARD1 haplotypes were also evaluated. RESULTS: The BARD1 Cys557Ser variant was not significantly associated with risk of breast cancer from single SNP analysis, with a pooled effect estimate of 0.90 (95% CI: 0.71-1.15) in BRCA1 carriers and 0.87 (95% CI: 0.59-1.29) in BRCA2 carriers. Further analysis of haplotypes at BARD1 also revealed no evidence that additional common genetic variation not captured by Cys557Ser was associated with breast cancer risk. CONCLUSION: Evidence to date does not support a role for BARD1 variation, including the Cy557Ser variant, as a modifier of risk in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. IMPACT: Interactors of BRCA1/2 have been implicated as modifiers of BRCA1/2-associated cancer risk. Our finding that BARD1 does not contribute to this risk modification may focus research on other genes that do modify BRCA1/2-associated cancer risk.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
12.
Am J Blood Res ; 1(1): 13-21, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22432063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chromosomal translocations are usually analyzed as a single entity, and are associated with a poor outcome in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Translocations involving immunoglobulin genes are recurrent, but uncommon (<5%), and their individual prognosis is not clear. The two most frequent partners are BCL2 (18q21) and BCL3 (19q13). DESIGNS AND METHODS: Herein, 75 cases are reported of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and t(14;18) (BCL2-CLLs). Our series benefits from morphological, immunological and cytogenetical reviews. The IGHV status analyses were performed by referring laboratories. Comparison was made with our previously published series of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with t(14;19) (BCL3-CLLs, n=29). RESULTS: Compared with BCL3-CLLs, lymphocytosis was lower in BCL2-CLLs (p<0.008), and splenomegaly was less frequent (p<0.0001). There were more "typical" morphologies (p<0.005) and Matutes scores >4 (p<0.001) in the BCL2-CLLs group, and less CD38 expression (p<0.04). More variant BCL2-translocations were observed (t(18;22), n=11; 2t(2;18), n=2; p<0.02), and BCL2-translocation was frequently single (p<0.002). Complex karyotypes (p<0.02), trisomy 12 (p<0.03), 6q deletion (p<0.002) and TP53 deletion (p<0.02) were less frequent in BCL2-CLLs, whereas 13q deletion was more frequent (p<0.005). The IGHV gene was frequently mutated in BCL2-CLLs (p<0.0001). Treatment-free survival was longer in BCL2-CLLs (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: BCL2-CLL.S express CD5 and lack expression of CD38, and have a Matutes score ≥4, frequent trisomy 12, no ATM and 6q deletions, and a mutated IGHV status. Compared to BCL3-CLLs, BCL2-CLLs are much less aggressive; indicating that identifying individual translocations and cytogenetic partners would allow improved patient stratification.

13.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 49(10): 919-27, 2010 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20629097

RESUMO

Evolution to myelofibrosis (MF), acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) may occur over time in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) patients most likely due to the acquisition of additional mutations. The Groupe Francophone de cytogenetique hematologique (GFCH) has collected and reviewed 82 patients with transformation of MPN (66 AML/MDS and 16 MF). JAK2V617F and TET2 mutations were searched for in 40 and 32 patients, respectively. Significantly more -7/del(7q) (P = 0.004) and -5/del(5q) (P = 0.03) were found in AML/MDS with a higher incidence of dup1q (P = 0.01) in MF. Some specific chromosomal abnormalities occurred together, for example -5/del(5q) and -17/del(17p) (P = 0.0007). In multivariate analysis, two factors were independently associated with an inferior overall survival (OS); AML/MDS transformation (P < 0.0001) and -5/del(5q) abnormality (P = 0.02). Although both giving rise to loss of 7q, der(1;7) differed from other 7q deletions in terms of distribution (lower frequency of AML/MDS, P = 0.02), association with chromosomal abnormalities (absence of -5/del(5q), P = 0.003; increased del(20q), P = 0.05), and longer OS (P = 0.0007). We detected 24/40 (60%) JAK2V617F and 8/25 (32%) TET2 mutations in samples following transformation, ranging from wild-type to mutated forms of both genes. The mutated and wild-type forms of the genes were not found to be associated with a specific chromosomal abnormality. There was no evidence that JAK2 or TET2 mutations were associated with the type of MPN transformation, whereas the type of cytogenetic abnormalities were strongly linked, perhaps indicating that they play a specific role in the transformation process.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Crônica Atípica BCR-ABL Negativa/genética , Mutação/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cancer Genet Cytogenet ; 166(1): 1-11, 2006 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16616106

RESUMO

Chromosome 21 is frequently rearranged in hematopoietic malignancies. In order to detect new chromosomal aberrations, the Groupe Français de Cytogénétique Hématologique collected a series of 107 patients with various hematologic disorders and acquired structural abnormalities of the long arm of chromosome 21. The abnormalities were subclassified into 10 groups, according to the location of the 21q breakpoint and the type of abnormality. Band 21q22 was implicated in 72 patients (excluding duplications, triplications, and amplifications). The involvement of the RUNX1 gene was confirmed in 10 novel translocations, but the gene partners were not identified. Eleven novel translocations rearranging band 21q22 with bands 1q25, 2p21, 2q37, 3p21, 3p23, 4q31, 6p24 approximately p25, 6p12, 7p15, 16p11, and 18q21 were detected. Rearrangements of band 21q11 and 21q21 were detected in six novel translocations with 5p15, 6p21, 15q21, 16p13, and 20q11 and with 1p33, 3q27, 5p14, 11q11, and 14q11, respectively. Duplications, triplications, amplifications, and isodicentric chromosomes were detected in eight, three, eight, and three patients, respectively. The present study shows both the wide distribution of the breakpoints on the long arm of chromosome 21 in hematopoietic malignancy and the diversity of the chromosomal rearrangements and the hematologic disorders involved. The findings invite further investigation of the 21q abnormalities to detect their associated molecular rearrangements.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Doenças Hematológicas/genética , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comportamento Cooperativo , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Ann Pathol ; 23(3): 244-8, 2003 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12909828

RESUMO

Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a phenotypically and genotypically distinct entity with a protracted course. A documented case of an extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma characterized by a t(9; 17) (q22; q11) translocation with a neuroendocrine and neural differentiation is reported.


Assuntos
Braço , Condrossarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias Musculares/patologia , Condrossarcoma/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Musculares/genética , Tumores Neuroectodérmicos/genética , Tumores Neuroectodérmicos/patologia
17.
Cancer Genet Cytogenet ; 138(1): 22-6, 2002 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12419580

RESUMO

Two patients with Ph-positive chronic myelocytic leukemia in erythroblastic transformation and rearrangement of the short arm of chromosome 18 are reported. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies showed that the 18p rearrangement resulted from translocation of the main part of chromosome 22 long arm to 18p, including BCR-ABL1 fusion. The 18p abnormality resulted, thus, in loss of 18p and duplication of BCR-ABL1 in both patients. The possible relation to the erythroblastic type of blastic phase is briefly discussed. In addition an apparently intact germline ABL1 gene was duplicated and inserted into chromosome 6 at band p21 in one of these patients.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 18/genética , Eritrócitos/patologia , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Duplicação Gênica , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 22/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Translocação Genética
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