Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.150
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478334

RESUMO

AIMS: To establish the value of the SYNTAX Score-II (SS-II) in predicting long-term mortality of patients treated with left main PCI (LM-PCI) using second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES). METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAX score (SS) and the SS-II were calculated in 804 patients included in the FAILS-2 registry (failure in left main study with 2nd generation stents). Patients were classified in low (SS-II ≤33; n = 278, 34.6%), intermediate (SS-II 34-43; n = 260, 32.3%) and high (SS-II ≥44; n = 266, 33.1%) SS-II tertiles. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. A significant difference in long-term mortality was noted (5.2 ± 3.6 years): 4.1, 7.5, and 16.7% in low, mid and high SS-II tertiles respectively (p < .001). SS-II score was more accurate in predicting mortality than SS (AUC = 0.73; 95%CI: 0.67-0.79 vs. AUC = 0.55; 95%CI: 0.48-0.63, respectively; p < .001). SS-II led to a reclassification in the risk of all-cause mortality re-allocating 73% of patients from the CABG-only indication to PCI or equipoise PCI-or-CABG indication. Using multiple Cox regression analysis, SS-II (HR: 1.07; 95%CI: 1.05-1.09; p < .001), along with Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (HR: 1.66; 95%CI: 1.03-2.66; p = .07) and Cardiogenic shock (CS) (HR: 2.82 (95%CI: 1.41-5.64; p = .003) were independent predictors of long-term mortality. SS-II (HR: 1.05; 95%CI: 1.04-1.06; p < .001) along with Insulin dependent Type 2 DM (HR: 1.58, 95%CI: 1.09-2.30.; p < .05), ACS (HR: 1.58, 95%CI: 1.16-2.14; p < .001) and CS (HR: 2.02 95%CI 1.16-3.53; p < .05), were independent predictors of long-term MACE. CONCLUSION: The SS-II was superior to the SS in predicting outcomes associated with contemporary LM-PCI. In this real-world population, two clinical variables not included in the SS-II, ACS and T2DM, were identified as additional markers of poor outcome.

3.
Future Cardiol ; 15(5): 333-338, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496269

RESUMO

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an important cause of acute coronary syndrome particularly among young women. Although coronary angiogram (CAG) is the gold standard exam for the diagnosis, SCAD may be missed by CAG alone. Our case series illustrates the adjunctive role of cardiac computed tomography angiography (cCTA) to CAG in ascertaining the diagnosis of SCAD. Three young women were admitted with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. CAG showed no significant coronary artery stenosis. In two patients, cCTA performed after CAG revealed an intramural hematoma compressing the coronary lumen. In one patient, SCAD was initially misdiagnosed as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and cCTA performed 1 month later allowed to make the correct diagnosis of SCAD assessing the spontaneous healing of the dissected vessel.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of coronary sinus (CS) Reducer implantation upon left ventricular (LV) function. BACKGROUND: CS Reducer implantation is associated with symptomatic relief in patients with refractory angina. The effects of the device upon left ventricular function remains unknown. METHODS: Prior to device implantation and at 4-months, resting ventricular volumes and function were measured using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Stress CMR was performed to extract quantitative indices of myocardial perfusion (myocardial perfusion reserve index-MPRI). RESULTS: Nineteen patients (18 males, 66.0 [IQR 56.0-77.0] years), underwent successful Reducer implantation. Sixteen (84%) patients improved by at least 1 CCS class. Four months after Reducer implantation, we noticed a significant improvement in LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (61 [IQR 47-71] to 66 [IQR 57-72] %; p = .009), a reduction in LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV)/Body surface area (BSA) (65.7 [IQR 57.4-89.6] to 64.7 [IQR 53.7-74.1] mL/m2 ; p = .036) and a reduction in LV end-systolic volume (LVESV)/BSA (28.7 [IQR 18.6-38.8] to 20.0 [IQR 15.0-31.4] mL/m2 ; p = .007). Patients with reduced EF (EF < 50%, n = 6) presented a greater increase of EF at follow up compared to patients with preserved EF (11.3 [IQR 6.5-54.5] vs. 3.8 [IQR 0.6-9.1] %; p = .029). The observed decrease in LVESV/BSA was greater in patients with reduced EF (23.6 [IQR 11.6-33.8] vs. 4.2 [IQR -2.0 to 8.4] mL/m2 ; p = .005). A significant increase in transmural MPRI was observed 4 months after Reducer implantation (p < .011). CONCLUSIONS: CS Reducer improved angina symptoms and improved left ventricular function. The improvement was pronounced in the subgroup of patients with reduced ejection fraction. Myocardial perfusion improvement could represent the underlying mechanism for the observed benefits.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 40(31): 2595-2604, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397487

RESUMO

AIMS : To evaluate the impact of an experimental strategy [23-month ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)] vs. a reference regimen (12-month aspirin monotherapy following 12-month DAPT) after complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present post hoc analysis of the Global Leaders trial, the primary endpoint [composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI)] at 2 years was assessed in patients with complex PCI, which includes at least one of the following characteristics: multivessel PCI, ≥3 stents implanted, ≥3 lesions treated, bifurcation PCI with ≥2 stents, or total stent length >60 mm. In addition, patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) (composite of all-cause death, any stroke, any MI, or any revascularization) and net adverse clinical events (NACE) [composite of POCE or Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) Type 3 or 5 bleeding] were explored. Among 15 450 patients included in this analysis, 4570 who underwent complex PCI had a higher risk of ischaemic and bleeding events. In patients with complex PCI, the experimental strategy significantly reduced risks of the primary endpoint [hazard ratio (HR): 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.48-0.85] and POCE (HR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.69-0.93), but not in those with non-complex PCI (Pinteraction = 0.015 and 0.017, respectively). The risk of BARC Type 3 or 5 bleeding was comparable (HR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.67-1.40), resulting in a significant risk reduction in NACE (HR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.69-0.92; Pinteraction = 0.011). CONCLUSION : Ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month DAPT could provide a net clinical benefit for patients with complex PCI. However, in view of the overall neutral results of the trial, these findings of a post hoc analysis should be considered as hypothesis generating.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for bifurcation lesions. METHODS: GLOBAL LEADERS was a randomized, superiority, all-comers trial comparing 1-month DAPT with ticagrelor and aspirin followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy (experimental treatment) with standard 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy (reference treatment) in patients treated with a biolimus A9-eluting stent. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI) at 2 years. RESULTS: Among the 15,845 patients included in this subgroup analysis, 2,498 patients (15.8%) underwent PCI for at least one bifurcation lesion. The incidence of the primary endpoint was similar between the bifurcation and nonbifurcation groups (4.7 vs. 4.0%, p = .083). The experimental treatment had no significant effect on the primary endpoint according to the presence/absence of a bifurcation lesion (bifurcation: hazard ratio [HR]: 0.74, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.51-1.07; nonbifurcation: HR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.76-1.07, p for interaction = .343), but was associated with significant reduction in definite or probable stent thrombosis (p for interaction = .022) and significant excess of stroke (p for interaction = .018) when compared with the reference treatment. CONCLUSIONS: After PCI for bifurcation lesions using 1-month of DAPT followed by ticagrelor monotherapy for 23 months did not demonstrate explicit benefit regarding all-cause death or new Q-wave MI as in the overall trial.

11.
Thromb Haemost ; 19(10): 1704-1711, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on geographical variations in dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) cessation and the impact on outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are limited. We sought to evaluate geographical patterns of DAPT cessation and associated outcomes in patients undergoing PCI in the United States versus Europe. METHODS: Analyzing data from the PARIS registry, we studied 3,660 U.S. patients (72.9%) and 1,358 European patients (27.1%) that underwent PCI with stent implantation. DAPT cessation was classified as physician-recommended discontinuation, interruption (< 14 days), or disruption due to bleeding or noncompliance. The primary endpoint was 2-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as a composite of cardiac death, stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization. RESULTS: Cardiovascular risk factors were more common in the United States, whereas procedural complexity was greater in Europe. The incidence of 2-year DAPT discontinuation was significantly lower in U.S. versus European patients (30.7% vs. 65.6%; p < 0.001); however, rates of interruption (13.7% vs. 1.5%, p < 0.001) and disruption (17.7% vs. 5.1%, p < 0.001) were higher. DAPT discontinuation was associated with lower adjusted risk, whereas DAPT disruption was associated with greater risk for 2-year MACE, without interaction by region. After adjustment for baseline characteristics and DAPT cessation, 2-year MACE risk was not statistically different between regions (10.3% for Europe vs. 11.9% for U.S., adjusted hazard ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.65-1.01, p = 0.065). CONCLUSION: DAPT cessation patterns, along with clinical and angiographic risk, vary substantially between PCI patients in the U.S. versus Europe. Despite such differences, cardiovascular risk associated with DAPT cessation remains uniform.

12.
Eur. heart j ; 40(25)Jul. 1, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1009597

RESUMO

Non-adherence has been well recognized for years to be a common issue that significantly impacts clinical outcomes and health care costs. Medication adherence is remarkably low even in the controlled environment of clinical trials where it has potentially complex major implications. Collection of non-adherence data diverge markedly among cardiovascular randomized trials and, even where collected, is rarely incorporated in the statistical analysis to test the consistency of the primary endpoint(s). The imprecision introduced by the inconsistent assessment of non-adherence in clinical trials might confound the estimate of the calculated efficacy of the study drug. Hence, clinical trials may not accurately answer the scientific question posed by regulators, who seek an accurate estimate of the true efficacy and safety of treatment, or the question posed by payers, who want a reliable estimate of the effectiveness of treatment in the marketplace after approval. The Non-adherence Academic Research Consortium is a collaboration among leading academic research organizations, representatives from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and physician-scientists from the USA and Europe. One in-person meeting was held in Madrid, Spain, culminating in a document describing consensus recommendations for reporting, collecting, and analysing adherence endpoints across clinical trials. The adoption of these recommendations will afford robustness and consistency in the comparative safety and effectiveness evaluation of investigational drugs from early development to post-marketing approval studies. These principles may be useful for regulatory assessment, as well as for monitoring local and regional outcomes to guide quality improvement initiatives.(AU)


Assuntos
Adesão à Medicação
13.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(7): 866-874, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the gold standard for severe valvular aortic stenosis in patients at high/prohibitive surgical risk. This procedure has also been used in patients with previous mitral valve (MV) prostheses, with contrasting outcomes reported. The aim of this study is to describe procedural and early outcomes of patients with previous MV prostheses undergoing TAVR. METHODS: This is a retrospective registry of 154 patients with previous MV prostheses who underwent TAVR across high-volume medical centres at a mean of 11.7 ± 8.4 years after mitral surgery. RESULTS: Mean mitroaortic distance at computed tomography was 9.7 ± 4.8 mm. Procedural success was achieved in 150 (97.4%) patients, with reduction of aortic gradients (42.6 ± 14.2 to 10.0 ± 7.0 mm Hg; P < 0.001). Device success was achieved in 133 (86.3%) patients. MV prosthesis interference by the TAVR device was observed in 2 patients; in both, the mitroaortic distance was <5 mm, with 1 complicated by TAVR prosthesis embolization. Periprocedural complications included 4 (2.6%) cerebrovascular accidents, 10 (6.6%) major vascular complications, 22 (14.4%) severe bleedings, 1 (0.7%) myocardial infarction, and 5 (3.2%) in-hospital deaths (all cases cardiovascular or procedure related). At a median follow-up of 13.5 (interquartile range 1.0 to 36.0) months, 26 (16.9%) deaths occurred; 15 (9.7%) were cardiac related. Late fatal mitral prosthesis thromboses occurred in 2 patients. We recorded a case of fatal hemorrhagic stroke; hospital readmission was observed in 25 (16.2%) patients due to worsening heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR in patients with previous mitral prostheses appears to be safe and feasible, with good hemodynamic results at 30-day and at longer-term follow-up.

14.
Int J Cardiol ; 293: 80-83, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite advancements in the safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) resulting in progressively wider indications, adverse periprocedural outcomes still raise concern. Real-world outcome data are thus of primary importance to evaluate the procedural risk-benefit trade-off in the continuously changing populations undergoing TAVR. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 1348 consecutive patients undergoing TAVR between 2007 and 2017. The primary endpoint was a composite of procedural mortality and need for conversion to emergent surgery, as defined by the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria. Temporal trends in baseline characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. The independent outcomes predictors were assessed through multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 56 (4.1%) patients experienced the primary endpoint. 47 (3.5%) patients died during hospital stay, 19 (1.4%) within 72 h from the procedure. 17 patients (1.2%) needed an emergent conversion to open surgery, of whom 7 (41.2%) did not survive. Significant temporal trends of increasing mean age (from 79.4 ±â€¯7.4 to 81 ±â€¯7.5, p = 0.007) and decreasing surgical risk (mean STS: from 9 ±â€¯9.5 to 7.1 ±â€¯9.8, p = 0.010) were observed. When dichotomized at the median procedural date (year 2014), a significant reduction in the occurrence of the primary endpoint in more recent years was observed (3.0% vs 5.2%, p = 0.041). This was the single primary endpoint independent predictor at multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: The high-volume 10-year experience in TAVR procedures at our center shows encouraging trends in procedural mortality reduction, which anyhow still occurs at a non-negligible rate, calling for further research to detect and to blunt the determinant of early procedural events.

16.
Circulation ; 140(5): 420-433, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356129

RESUMO

Outcomes of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have improved because of advancements in equipment and techniques. With global collaboration and knowledge sharing, we have identified 7 common principles that are widely accepted as best practices for CTO-PCI. 1. Ischemic symptom improvement is the primary indication for CTO-PCI. 2. Dual coronary angiography and in-depth and structured review of the angiogram (and, if available, coronary computed tomography angiography) are key for planning and safely performing CTO-PCI. 3. Use of a microcatheter is essential for optimal guidewire manipulation and exchanges. 4. Antegrade wiring, antegrade dissection and reentry, and the retrograde approach are all complementary and necessary crossing strategies. Antegrade wiring is the most common initial technique, whereas retrograde and antegrade dissection and reentry are often required for more complex CTOs. 5. If the initially selected crossing strategy fails, efficient change to an alternative crossing technique increases the likelihood of eventual PCI success, shortens procedure time, and lowers radiation and contrast use. 6. Specific CTO-PCI expertise and volume and the availability of specialized equipment will increase the likelihood of crossing success and facilitate prevention and management of complications, such as perforation. 7. Meticulous attention to lesion preparation and stenting technique, often requiring intracoronary imaging, is required to ensure optimum stent expansion and minimize the risk of short- and long-term adverse events. These principles have been widely adopted by experienced CTO-PCI operators and centers currently achieving high success and acceptable complication rates. Outcomes are less optimal at less experienced centers, highlighting the need for broader adoption of the aforementioned 7 guiding principles along with the development of additional simple and safe CTO crossing and revascularization strategies through ongoing research, education, and training.

18.
EuroIntervention ; 15(9): e749-e756, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334701

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a horizontal aorta (HA) on device success and short-term clinical outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively assessed 547 consecutive patients treated with transfemoral second-generation non-balloon-expandable (NBE) (n=447) and balloon-expandable (BE) (n=100) TAVI for symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. Aortic angulation (AA) was evaluated with preprocedural computed tomography. Patients were dichotomised according to a previously established AA cut-point: HA group (AA ≥48°, n=230) and normal aorta (NA) group (AA <48°, n=317). Endpoints were considered according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Fluoroscopy time (32.8±16.4 vs 30.3±13.9 minutes, p=0.060) and radiation dose (kerma area product 120.8±99.7 vs 103.7±81.1 Gy·cm2, p=0.033) were higher in the HA group as compared to the NA group. No difference in device success was observed between patients with and without an HA (88.3% vs 88.0%, p=0.929). No differences in device success and 30-day outcomes were observed when comparing HA and NA patients, according to BE and NBE prostheses. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of an HA has no impact on device success and short-term clinical outcomes of TAVI with either second-generation NBE or BE devices.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Valvuloplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1566-1576, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of oral anticoagulation (OAC) type on clinical outcomes 1 year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are superior to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), while their comparative performance among patients in need of OAC undergoing TAVR is underinvestigated. METHODS: The study enrolled 962 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR in 4 tertiary European centers and were discharged on either NOACs (n = 326) or VKAs (n = 636). By using propensity scores for inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW), the comparison of treatment groups was adjusted to correct for potential confounding. RESULTS: Mean age and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of the population were 81.3 ± 6.3 years and 4.5% (interquartile range: 3.0% to 7.3%); 52.5% were women and a balloon-expandable valve was used in 62.7% of cases. The primary outcome of interest, combined incidence of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and any cerebrovascular event at 1-year after TAVR, was 21.2% with NOACs versus 15.0% with VKAs (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00 to 2.07; p = 0.050, IPTW-adjusted). The 1-year incidence of any Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleeds and all-cause mortality were comparable between the NOAC and VKA groups, 33.9% versus 34.1% (HR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.74 to 1.26; p = 0.838, IPTW-adjusted) and 16.5% versus 12.2% (HR: 1.36; 95% CI: 0.90 to 2.06; p = 0.136, IPTW-adjusted), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic use of both NOACs and VKAs among patients in need of OAC after TAVR are comparable regarding 1-year bleeding risk. The higher ischemic event rate observed with NOACs needs to be evaluated in large randomized trials.

20.
Int J Cardiol ; 292: 87-90, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176523

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronary Sinus Reducer emerged as promising therapeutic option for patients with refractory angina. While recent literature reports short-term benefits of Reducer implantation, there is paucity of evidence regarding its safety and efficacy at longer follow-up. METHODS: In the original cohort of 50 refractory angina patients treated with Reducer at San Raffaele Hospital (Milan, Italy) between March 2015 and August 2016, we reassessed angina symptoms, quality of life and recorded adverse events at 2-year (mean ±â€¯SD: 748 ±â€¯84 days) follow-up. RESULTS: Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) score improved of ≥1 class in 34 patients (75.6%), and of ≥2 classes in 16 patients (35.6%), translating into a significant mean CCS score reduction at 2-year follow-up (1.74 ±â€¯0.86 vs. 2.98 ±â€¯0.52; p < 0.001). Four out of five Seattle Angina Questionnaire items improved significantly (p < 0.001 for all). Ten patients (22%) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during follow-up, three for acute coronary syndromes. Five patients died, two for cardiovascular causes (stroke and cardiac arrest). CONCLUSIONS: Safety and efficacy observed in the short follow-up period after Reducer implantation are maintained at two years. Ten patients underwent PCI during follow-up, underlining that Reducer does not affect coronary artery disease progression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA