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2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(20): 1968-1986, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although a 1-year duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is used in many patients after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, the evidence supporting this duration is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the risk-benefit profile of 1-year vs ≤6-month DAPT after DES using 2 novel scores to risk stratify bleeding and ischemic events. METHODS: Ischemic and bleeding risk scores were generated from ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents), a multicenter, international, "all-comers" registry that enrolled 8,665 patients treated with DES. The risk-benefit profile of 1-year vs ≤6-month DAPT was then investigated across risk strata from an individual patient data pooled dataset of 7 randomized trials that enrolled 15,083 patients treated with DES. RESULTS: In the derivation cohort, the ischemic score and the bleeding score had c-indexes of 0.76 and 0.66, respectively, and both were well calibrated. In the pooled dataset, no significant difference was apparent in any ischemic endpoint between 1-year and ≤6-month DAPT, regardless of the risk strata. In the overall dataset, there was no significant difference in the risk of clinically relevant bleeding between 1-year and ≤6-month DAPT; however, among 2,508 patients at increased risk of bleeding, 1-year compared with ≤6-month DAPT was associated with greater bleeding (HR: 2.80; 95% CI: 1.12-7.13) without a reduced risk of ischemic events in any risk strata, including those with acute coronary syndromes. These results were consistent in a network meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In the present large-scale study, compared with ≤6-month DAPT, a 1-year duration of DAPT was not associated with reduced adverse ischemic events in any risk strata (including acute coronary syndromes) but was associated with greater bleeding in patients at increased risk of bleeding.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no available data about clinical outcomes of simple stenting for ostial left circumflex (LCX) lesions using current generation drug-eluting stents (cDES). OBJECTIVE: We assessed clinical outcomes after simple stenting using cDES for ostial LCX lesions. METHODS: We identified 81 consecutive patients who underwent PCI using cDES for ostial LCX lesions at New Tokyo Hospital, Matsudo, Japan between January 2010 and December 2016. An ostial LCX lesion was defined as a lesion with more than 75% stenosis by visual assessment and within 3 mm of the left main (LM) stem. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF). TLF was defined as a composite of cardiac death, target lesion revascularization (TLR) and myocardial infarction (MI). Additionally, we also assessed the revascularization for LM to left anterior descending artery (LAD) after ostial LCX stenting. RESULTS: The TLF rate at 3 years after PCI was 24.5%. Furthermore, the rate of TLR and revascularization for LM-LAD after ostial LCX stenting were significantly higher in patients who were previously undergone stent implantation in ostial segment of LAD. CONCLUSION: Clinical outcomes after cDES implantation for ostial LCX lesion could be acceptable. However, it could have better to be avoided in patients who previously received stent implantation in ostial segment of LAD.

4.
Hypertens Res ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789917

RESUMO

Hypertension is associated with more severe disease and adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients. Recent investigations have indicated that hypertension might be an independent predictor of outcomes in COVID-19 patients regardless of other cardiovascular and noncardiovascular comorbidities. We explored the significance of coronary calcifications in 694 hypertensive patients in the Score-COVID registry, an Italian multicenter study conducted during the first pandemic wave in the Western world (March-April 2020). A total of 1565 patients admitted with RNA-PCR-positive nasopharyngeal swabs and chest computed tomography (CT) at hospital admission were included in the study. Clinical outcomes and cardiovascular calcifications were analyzed independently by a research core lab. Hypertensive patients had a different risk profile than nonhypertensive patients, with more cardiovascular comorbidities. The deceased hypertensive patients had a greater coronary calcification burden at the level of the anterior descending coronary artery. Hypertension status and the severity cutoffs of coronary calcifications were used to stratify the clinical outcomes. For every 100-mm3 increase in coronary calcium volume, hospital mortality in hypertensive patients increased by 8%, regardless of sex, age, diabetes, creatinine, and lung interstitial involvement. The coronary calcium score contributes to stratifying the risk of complications in COVID-19 patients. Cardiovascular calcifications appear to be a promising imaging marker for providing pathophysiological insight into cardiovascular risk factors and COVID-19 outcomes.

5.
6.
Int J Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A-FMR is considered a specific sub-type of secondary MR in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and preserved left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF). Aim of the study was to investigate the acute and mid-term outcomes of transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (TMVr) with the MitraClip in atrial functional mitral regurgitation (A-FMR). METHODS: The study included patients with A-FMR and concomitant AF who underwent to the MitraClip at 7 Italian Centers. Aim of the study was to assess the safety, efficacy and mid-term cardiovascular outcomes. RESULTS: After reviewing 1153 patients with FMR treated with TMVr from 2009 to 2021, 87 patients (median age 81 years, 61% female) with A-FMR were identified. Technical success was achieved in 97%, 30-day device success in 83% and 30-day procedural success in 80%. All-cause death at 30-day was 5%. Estimated two-year freedom from all-cause death and cardiac death was 60% and 77%, respectively, whereas freedom from all-cause death/heart failure hospitalization was 55%. Residual MR ≤ 2+ was encountered in 89% (n = 47/53) and improvement in NYHA class I/II in 79% (n = 48/61). Post-procedural MR ≥ 2+ (HR 5.400, CI 1.371-21.268) and inter-commissural annular diameter ≥ 35 mm (HR 4.159, CI 1.057-16.363) were independent predictors of all-cause death/heart failure hospitalization during the follow-up. Positive reverse remodeling of left atrium and mitral annular dimensions occurred after TMVr during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: MitraClip resulted to be a safe and effective option to treat A-FMR in elderly patients.

7.
Int J Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34843819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is safe and feasible in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), but whether annular size may influence TAVR results in BAV patients remains unclear. We aimed at evaluating the impact of aortic annular size on procedural and clinical outcomes of BAV patients undergoing TAVR, as well as potential interactions between annular dimension and trans-catheter heart valve (THV) type (balloon-expandable (BEV) vs. self-expanding (SEV). METHODS: BEAT is a multicenter registry of consecutive BAV stenosis undergoing TAVR. For this sub-study patients were classified according to annular dimension in small-annulus (area < 400 mm2 or perimeter <72 mm), medium-annulus (area ≥ 400 and < 575 mm2, perimeter ≥72 mm and< 85 mm), large-annulus (area ≥ 575 mm2 or perimeter ≥85 mm). Primary endpoint was Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 (VARC-2) device success. RESULTS: 45(15.5%) patients had small, 132(45.3%) medium, and 114(39.2%) large annuli. Compared with other groups, patients with large annuli were more frequently male, younger, with higher body mass index, larger aortic valve area, higher rate of moderate-severe calcification, lower mean trans-aortic valve gradient and lower left ventricular ejection fraction. In large-annuli SEVs were associated with a lower VARC-2 device success (75.9% vs. 90.6%, p = 0.049) driven by a higher rate of paravalvular valvular leak (PVL) compared to BEVs (20.7% vs. 1.2%, p < 0.001). However, no differences in clinical outcomes were observed according to annular size nor THV type. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR in BAV patients is feasible irrespective of annular size. However in patients with large aortic annulus SEVs were associated with a significantly higher rate of PVLs compared to BEVs.

8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(19): 2144-2155, 2021 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the feasibility, safety, and clinical outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) versus tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) stenosis. BACKGROUND: At present, limited observational data exist supporting TAVR in the context of bicuspid anatomy. METHODS: Primary endpoints were 1-year survival and device success. Secondary endpoints included moderate to severe paravalvular leak (PVL) and a composite endpoint of periprocedural complications; incidence rates of individual procedural endpoints were also explored individually. RESULTS: In the main analysis, 17 studies and 181,433 patients undergoing TAVR were included, of whom 6,669 (0.27%) had BAV. A secondary analysis of 7,071 matched subjects with similar baseline characteristics was also performed. Device success and 1-year survival rates were similar between subjects with BAV and those with TAV (97% vs 94% [P = 0.55] and 91.3% vs 90.8% [P = 0.22], respectively). In patients with BAV, a trend toward a higher risk for periprocedural complications was observed in our main analysis (risk ratio [RR]: 1.12; 95% CI: 0.99-1.27; P = 0.07) but not in the matched population secondary analysis (RR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.81-1.24; P = 0.99). The risk for moderate to severe PVL was higher in subjects with BAV (RR: 1.42; 95% CI: 1.29-1.58; P < 0.0001) as well as the incidence of cerebral ischemic events (2.4% vs 1.6%; P = 0.015) and of annular rupture (0.3% vs 0.02%; P = 0.014) in matched subjects. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR is a feasible option among selected patients with BAV anatomy, but the higher rates of moderate to severe PVL, annular rupture, and cerebral ischemic events observed in the BAV group warrant caution and further evidence.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Estenose da Valva Tricúspide , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estenose da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
10.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(11): E884-E889, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Refractory angina affects an increasing proportion of the population with advanced coronary artery disease and microvascular dysfunction. Limited effective pharmacological and interventional therapies exist for this patient cohort. The coronary sinus (CS) reducer, recently recommended in the 2019 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology for the management of chronic refractory angina, is a balloon-expandable, stainless-steel device designed for implantation in the CS. It acts by increasing CS pressure, thereby redistributing blood to ischemic myocardium, relieving symptoms, and improving quality of life. However, between 15%-30% of patients do not respond to this treatment. Six mechanisms appear to explain this poor response to CS reducer therapy: (1) inappropriate patient selection; (2) cardiac venous system heterogeneity; (3) CS size; (4) incomplete device endothelialization; (5) coronary artery disease phenotype and progression; and (6) limited myocardial ischemia at baseline. We hereby review these mechanisms in detail and highlight key areas that should be addressed in order to try and reduce the burden of non-responders following CS reducer implantation.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Seio Coronário , Angina Pectoris , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Seio Coronário/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Coronário/cirurgia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(6): E814-E822, 2021 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the 5-years outcomes of intracoronary imaging-guided proximal optimization technique (POT) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with unprotected left main distal bifurcation lesions (ULMD). BACKGROUND: The long-term effects of POT with intracoronary imaging guide in PCI for ULMD have been unclear. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, we identified 1832 consecutive patients who underwent DES implantation for ULM distal bifurcation lesions. Of them, 780 (56.1%) patients underwent POT with intravascular imaging guidance (optimal expansion group). Residual 611 (43.9%) patients did not undergo either POT or intravascular imaging or both (suboptimal expansion group). Analysis using propensity score adjustment was performed. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF) defined as a composite of cardiac death, target lesion revascularization (TLR), and myocardial infarction. RESULTS: TLF rate at 5 years was significantly lower in optimal expansion group than that in suboptimal expansion group [adjusted HR 0.65, 95% CI (0.48-0.87), p = 0.004]. Cardiac mortality was significantly lower in optimal expansion group than that in suboptimal expansion group [adjusted HR 0.46, 95% CI (0.27-0.79), p = 0.004]. The multivariable analysis identified POT with intravascular imaging guide [adjusted HR 0.65, 95% CI (0.48-0.87), p = 0.004] as an independent predictor of TLF. CONCLUSIONS: Intravascular imaging guided POT was strongly associated with the reduced risk of TLF at 5 years after PCI for ULMD, mainly driven by reducing cardiac mortality.

12.
Curr Cardiol Rep ; 23(10): 137, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410511

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Annular-based strategies for treating tricuspid valve (TV) regurgitation do not always have satisfactory long-term outcomes. Management of failed TV annuloplasty can be challenging and requires a dedicated heart team approach. This review explores the treatment options available for failed TV annuloplasty. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent developments and novel percutaneous treatment options have emerged as promising alternatives for patients with failed TV annuloplasty. Leaflet-based interventions, valve-in-valve procedures, transcatheter tricuspid valves and new-generation trans-caval valves are all feasible options, which can assure good results whilst minimizing risks for the patient. Failure of tricuspid annuloplasty is not uncommon amongst patients treated with either a tricuspid ring or suture-based device. The complex anatomy, physiology and clinical risk profile should be carefully evaluated on an individual patient-by-patient basis in order to select the most appropriate clinical and percutaneous treatment strategy. Different transcatheter tricuspid valve repair or replacement techniques may provide an attractive alternative treatment option for managing this challenging patient cohort.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Valva Aórtica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(8): 840-853, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412818

RESUMO

The authors developed a global chronic total occlusion crossing algorithm following 10 steps: 1) dual angiography; 2) careful angiographic review focusing on proximal cap morphology, occlusion segment, distal vessel quality, and collateral circulation; 3) approaching proximal cap ambiguity using intravascular ultrasound, retrograde, and move-the-cap techniques; 4) approaching poor distal vessel quality using the retrograde approach and bifurcation at the distal cap by use of a dual-lumen catheter and intravascular ultrasound; 5) feasibility of retrograde crossing through grafts and septal and epicardial collateral vessels; 6) antegrade wiring strategies; 7) retrograde approach; 8) changing strategy when failing to achieve progress; 9) considering performing an investment procedure if crossing attempts fail; and 10) stopping when reaching high radiation or contrast dose or in case of long procedural time, occurrence of a serious complication, operator and patient fatigue, or lack of expertise or equipment. This algorithm can improve outcomes and expand discussion, research, and collaboration.

15.
Circulation ; 144(15): 1196-1211, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of antiplatelet therapy (APT) in patients at high bleeding risk with or without oral anticoagulation (OAC) after coronary stenting remains unclear. METHODS: In the investigator-initiated, randomize, open-label MASTER DAPT trial (Management of High Bleeding Risk Patients Post Bioresorbable Polymer Coated Stent Implantation With an Abbreviated Versus Standard DAPT Regimen), 4579 patients at high bleeding risk were randomized after 1-month dual APT to abbreviated or nonabbreviated APT strategies. Randomization was stratified by concomitant OAC indication. In this subgroup analysis, we report outcomes of populations with or without an OAC indication. In the population with an OAC indication, patients changed immediately to single APT for 5 months (abbreviated regimen) or continued ≥2 months of dual APT and single APT thereafter (nonabbreviated regimen). Patients without an OAC indication changed to single APT for 11 months (abbreviated regimen) or continued ≥5 months of dual APT and single APT thereafter (nonabbreviated regimen). Coprimary outcomes at 335 days after randomization were net adverse clinical outcomes (composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3 or 5 bleeding events); major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke); and type 2, 3, or 5 Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleeding. RESULTS: Net adverse clinical outcomes or major adverse cardiac and cerebral events did not differ with abbreviated versus nonabbreviated APT regimens in patients with OAC indication (n=1666; hazard ratio [HR], 0.83 [95% CI, 0.60-1.15]; and HR, 0.88 [95% CI, 0.60-1.30], respectively) or without OAC indication (n=2913; HR, 1.01 [95% CI, 0.77-1.33]; or HR, 1.06 [95% CI, 0.79-1.44]; Pinteraction=0.35 and 0.45, respectively). Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 2, 3, or 5 bleeding did not significantly differ in patients with OAC indication (HR, 0.83 [95% CI, 0.62-1.12]) but was lower with abbreviated APT in patients without OAC indication (HR, 0.55 [95% CI, 0.41-0.74]; Pinteraction=0.057). The difference in bleeding in patients without OAC indication was driven mainly by a reduction in Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 2 bleedings (HR, 0.48 [95% CI, 0.33-0.69]; Pinteraction=0.021). CONCLUSIONS: Rates of net adverse clinical outcomes and major adverse cardiac and cerebral events did not differ with abbreviated APT in patients with high bleeding risk with or without an OAC indication and resulted in lower bleeding rates in patients without an OAC indication. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03023020.

17.
N Engl J Med ; 385(18): 1643-1655, 2021 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The appropriate duration of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients at high risk for bleeding after the implantation of a drug-eluting coronary stent remains unclear. METHODS: One month after they had undergone implantation of a biodegradable-polymer sirolimus-eluting coronary stent, we randomly assigned patients at high bleeding risk to discontinue dual antiplatelet therapy immediately (abbreviated therapy) or to continue it for at least 2 additional months (standard therapy). The three ranked primary outcomes were net adverse clinical events (a composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, stroke, or major bleeding), major adverse cardiac or cerebral events (a composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, or stroke), and major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding; cumulative incidences were assessed at 335 days. The first two outcomes were assessed for noninferiority in the per-protocol population, and the third outcome for superiority in the intention-to-treat population. RESULTS: Among the 4434 patients in the per-protocol population, net adverse clinical events occurred in 165 patients (7.5%) in the abbreviated-therapy group and in 172 (7.7%) in the standard-therapy group (difference, -0.23 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.80 to 1.33; P<0.001 for noninferiority). A total of 133 patients (6.1%) in the abbreviated-therapy group and 132 patients (5.9%) in the standard-therapy group had a major adverse cardiac or cerebral event (difference, 0.11 percentage points; 95% CI, -1.29 to 1.51; P = 0.001 for noninferiority). Among the 4579 patients in the intention-to-treat population, major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding occurred in 148 patients (6.5%) in the abbreviated-therapy group and in 211 (9.4%) in the standard-therapy group (difference, -2.82 percentage points; 95% CI, -4.40 to -1.24; P<0.001 for superiority). CONCLUSIONS: One month of dual antiplatelet therapy was noninferior to the continuation of therapy for at least 2 additional months with regard to the occurrence of net adverse clinical events and major adverse cardiac or cerebral events; abbreviated therapy also resulted in a lower incidence of major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding. (Funded by Terumo; MASTER DAPT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03023020.).


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Combinada , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle
18.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252411

RESUMO

With aging society, one of the more challenging obstacles in percutaneous coronary interventions are calcified coronary lesions. Calcified lesions may impede stent delivery, limit balloon and stent expansion, cause uneven drug distribution, and hinder wire advancement. Even in the setting of acceptable procedural success, vessel calcification is independently associated with increased target lesion revascularization rates at follow-up and lower survival rates. In order to effectively manage such lesions, dedicated technologies have been developed. Atherectomy aims at excising tissue and debulking plaques, as well as compressing and reshaping the atheroma, generally referred to as lesion preparation that enables further balloon and/or stent expansion in contemporary clinical practice. In the current review, we will discuss the available methods for atherectomy, including rotational, orbital, and excimer laser coronary atherectomy, as well as intravascular lithotripsy. In addition, we will review the role of imaging in calcified lesions.

20.
Geroscience ; 43(5): 2215-2229, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260010

RESUMO

Recent clinical and demographical studies on COVID-19 patients have demonstrated that men experience worse outcomes than women. However, in most cases, the data were not stratified according to gender, limiting the understanding of the real impact of gender on outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the disaggregated in-hospital outcomes and explore the possible interactions between gender and cardiovascular calcifications. Data was derived from the sCORE-COVID-19 registry, an Italian multicentre registry that enrolled COVID-19 patients who had undergone a chest computer tomography scan on admission. A total of 1683 hospitalized patients (mean age 67±14 years) were included. Men had a higher prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities, a higher pneumonia extension, more coronary calcifications (63% vs.50.9%, p<0.001), and a higher coronary calcium score (391±847 vs. 171±479 mm3, p<0.001). Men experienced a significantly higher mortality rate (24.4% vs. 17%, p=0.001), but the death event tended to occur earlier in women (15±7 vs. 8±7 days, p= 0.07). Non-survivors had a higher coronary, thoracic aorta, and aortic valve calcium score. Female sex, a known independent predictor of a favorable outcome in SARS-CoV2 infection, was not protective in women with a coronary calcification volume greater than 100 mm3. There were significant differences in cardiovascular comorbidities and vascular calcifications between men and women with SARS-CoV2 pneumonia. The differences in outcomes can be at least partially explained by the different cardiovascular profiles. However, women with poor outcomes had the same coronary calcific burden as men. The presumed favorable female sex bias in COVID-19 must therefore be reviewed in the context of comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Calcificação Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem
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