Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 45
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the impact of phenylketonuria (PKU) and its treatment on parent and child health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and to identify the parenting-related correlates of parent and child HRQoL, as well as metabolic control. METHODS: Eighteen mothers of 2 to 12-year-old children with PKU participated and completed a series of self-report questionnaires including the Phenylketonuria Impact and Treatment Quality of Life Questionnaire (PKU-QOL). RESULTS: Mothers reported that the most significant impact of PKU on HRQoL was in relation to impact of their child's anxiety during blood tests on their own HRQoL, and guilt related to poor adherence to dietary restrictions and supplementation regimens. Higher reported intensity of child emotional and behavioural difficulties and parenting stress were associated with higher scores for PKU symptoms on the PKU-QOL, higher scores for emotional, social and overall impact of PKU, and higher scores for impact of dietary restriction. Where mothers reported greater use of overreactivity as a parenting strategy, children tended to have better lifetime phenylalanine (Phe) levels; however, the overall impact of PKU and the impact of supplement administration on mothers' HRQoL was worse for these families. CONCLUSIONS: These findings have implications for a holistic family-centred approach to the care of children with PKU and their families.

2.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1900, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474985

RESUMO

The rare autoinflammatory disease mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD, which includes HIDS and mevalonic aciduria) is caused by recessive, pathogenic variants in the MVK gene encoding mevalonate kinase. Deficiency of this enzyme decreases the synthesis of isoprenoid lipids and thus prevents the normal post-translational prenylation of small GTPase proteins, which then accumulate in their unprenylated form. We recently optimized a sensitive assay capable of detecting unprenylated Rab GTPase proteins in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and showed that this assay distinguished MKD from other autoinflammatory diseases. We have now analyzed PBMCs from an additional six patients with genetically-confirmed MKD (with different compound heterozygous MVK genotypes), and compared these with PBMCs from three healthy volunteers and four unaffected control individuals heterozygous for the commonest pathogenic variant, MVK V377I . We detected a clear accumulation of unprenylated Rab proteins, as well as unprenylated Rap1A by western blotting, in all six genetically-confirmed MKD patients compared to heterozygous controls and healthy volunteers. Furthermore, in the three subjects for whom measurements of residual mevalonate kinase activity was available, enzymatic activity inversely correlated with the extent of the defect in protein prenylation. Finally, a heterozygous MVK V377I patient presenting with autoinflammatory symptoms did not have defective prenylation, indicating a different cause of disease. These findings support the notion that the extent of loss of enzyme function caused by biallelic MVK variants determines the severity of defective protein prenylation, and the accumulation of unprenylated proteins in PBMCs may be a sensitive and consistent biomarker that could be used to aid, or help rule out, diagnosis of MKD.

3.
Hum Mutat ; 40(7): 908-925, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817854

RESUMO

Pathogenic de novo variants in the X-linked gene SLC35A2 encoding the major Golgi-localized UDP-galactose transporter required for proper protein and lipid glycosylation cause a rare type of congenital disorder of glycosylation known as SLC35A2-congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG; formerly CDG-IIm). To date, 29 unique de novo variants from 32 unrelated individuals have been described in the literature. The majority of affected individuals are primarily characterized by varying degrees of neurological impairments with or without skeletal abnormalities. Surprisingly, most affected individuals do not show abnormalities in serum transferrin N-glycosylation, a common biomarker for most types of CDG. Here we present data characterizing 30 individuals and add 26 new variants, the single largest study involving SLC35A2-CDG. The great majority of these individuals had normal transferrin glycosylation. In addition, expanding the molecular and clinical spectrum of this rare disorder, we developed a robust and reliable biochemical assay to assess SLC35A2-dependent UDP-galactose transport activity in primary fibroblasts. Finally, we show that transport activity is directly correlated to the ratio of wild-type to mutant alleles in fibroblasts from affected individuals.

4.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 42(1): 5-28, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30740725

RESUMO

Phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2-CDG) is the most common congenital disorder of N-glycosylation and is caused by a deficient PMM2 activity. The clinical presentation and the onset of PMM2-CDG vary among affected individuals ranging from a severe antenatal presentation with multisystem involvement to mild adulthood presentation limited to minor neurological involvement. Management of affected patients requires a multidisciplinary approach. In this article, a systematic review of the literature on PMM2-CDG was conducted by a group of international experts in different aspects of CDG. Our managment guidelines were initiated based on the available evidence-based data and experts' opinions. This guideline mainly addresses the clinical evaluation of each system/organ involved in PMM2-CDG, and the recommended management approach. It is the first systematic review of current practices in PMM2-CDG and the first guidelines aiming at establishing a practical approach to the recognition, diagnosis and management of PMM2-CDG patients.

5.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 42(1): 29-48, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30740740

RESUMO

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a rapidly growing family comprising >100 genetic diseases. Some 25 CDG are pure O-glycosylation defects. Even among this CDG subgroup, phenotypic diversity is broad, ranging from mild to severe poly-organ/system dysfunction. Ophthalmic manifestations are present in 60% of these CDG. The ophthalmic manifestations in N-glycosylation-deficient patients have been described elsewhere. The present review documents the spectrum and incidence of eye disorders in patients with pure O-glycosylation defects with the aim of assisting diagnosis and management and promoting research.

6.
J Endocr Soc ; 2(10): 1100-1108, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30525125

RESUMO

We describe a 4-year-old boy with developmental delay who was found to carry by clinical grade (CG) molecular cytogenetics (MCs) a chromosome Xq26 microduplication. The report prompted a referral of the patient for possible X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG), a well-defined condition (MIM300942) due to chromosomal microduplication of a nearby region. The patient was evaluated clinically and investigated for endocrine abnormalities related to X-LAG and not only did he not have acrogigantism, but his growth parameters and other hormones were all normal. We then performed high definition MCs and the duplication copy number variant (CNV) was confirmed to precisely map outside the X-LAG critical region and definitely did not harbor the X-LAG candidate gene, GPR101. The patient's phenotype resembled that of other patients with Xq26 CNVs. The case is instructive for the need for high definition MCs when CG MCs' results are inconsistent with the patient's phenotype. It is also useful for further supporting the contention that GPR101 is the gene responsible for X-LAG.

7.
Clin Pract ; 8(3): 1071, 2018 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275942

RESUMO

The spectrin repeat-containing nuclear envelope protein 1 (SYNE1) gene encodes a family of spectrin structural proteins that are associated with anchoring the plasma membrane to the actin cytoskeleton. SYNE1-related disease is most commonly reported in autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia 8, which demonstrates variable age of onset with a median of 30 years of age. However pathogenic mutations in SYNE1 are also causative of arthrogryposis multiplex congenital, a severe congenital neuromuscular condition. Here in we report monozygous twins with childhood onset ataxia, cerebellar hypoplasia, dysarthria, and cognitive impairment sharing two novel heterozygous mutations in the SYNE1 gene. Our family may expand the clinical phenotype associated with SYNE1-related disease and offers possible genotype-phenotype correlations of a rare continuum of clinical disease phenotypes from neonatal to adult onset.

8.
Am J Hum Genet ; 103(1): 125-130, 2018 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29909962

RESUMO

Mendelian disorders of cholesterol biosynthesis typically result in multi-system clinical phenotypes, underlining the importance of cholesterol in embryogenesis and development. FDFT1 encodes for an evolutionarily conserved enzyme, squalene synthase (SS, farnesyl-pyrophosphate farnesyl-transferase 1), which catalyzes the first committed step in cholesterol biosynthesis. We report three individuals with profound developmental delay, brain abnormalities, 2-3 syndactyly of the toes, and facial dysmorphisms, resembling Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome, the most common cholesterol biogenesis defect. The metabolite profile in plasma and urine suggested that their defect was at the level of squalene synthase. Whole-exome sequencing was used to identify recessive disease-causing variants in FDFT1. Functional characterization of one variant demonstrated a partial splicing defect and altered promoter and/or enhancer activity, reflecting essential mechanisms for regulating cholesterol biosynthesis/uptake in steady state.

9.
Mol Genet Metab ; 123(3): 382-387, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29398271

RESUMO

In this study, we report a paediatric patient with a lethal phenotype of respiratory distress, failure to thrive, pancreatic insufficiency, liver dysfunction, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, bone marrow suppression, humoral and cellular immune deficiency. To identify the genetic basis of this unusual clinical phenotype and potentially make available the option of future prenatal testing, whole exome sequencing (WES) was used followed by functional studies in a bid to confirm pathogenicity. The WES we identified a homozygous novel variant, AK298328; c.9_10insGAG; p.[Glu3dup], in NOX4 in the proband, and parental heterozygosity for the variant (confirmed by Sanger sequencing). NADPH Oxidase 4 NOX4 (OMIM 605261) encodes an enzyme that functions as the catalytic subunit of the NADPH oxidase complex. NOX4 acts as an oxygen sensor, catalysing the reduction of molecular oxygen, mainly to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). However, although, our functional data including 60% reduction in NOX4 protein levels and a 75% reduction in the production of H2O2 in patient fibroblast extracts compared to controls was initially considered to be the likely cause of the phenotype in our patient, the potential contribution of the NOX4 variant as the primary cause of the disease was clearly excluded based on following pieces of evidence. First, Sanger sequencing of other family members revealed that two of the grandparents were also homozygous for the NOX4 variant, one of who has fibromuscular dysplasia. Second, re-evaluation of more recent variant databases revealed a high allele frequency for this variant. Our case highlights the need to re-interrogate bioinformatics resources as they are constantly evolving, and is reminiscent of the short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SCADD) story, where a functional defect in fatty acid oxidation has doubtful clinical ramifications.

11.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 41(2): 169-180, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29238895

RESUMO

Combined D-2- and L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (D/L-2-HGA) is a devastating neurometabolic disorder, usually lethal in the first years of life. Autosomal recessive mutations in the SLC25A1 gene, which encodes the mitochondrial citrate carrier (CIC), were previously detected in patients affected with combined D/L-2-HGA. We showed that transfection of deficient fibroblasts with wild-type SLC25A1 restored citrate efflux and decreased intracellular 2-hydroxyglutarate levels, confirming that deficient CIC is the cause of D/L-2-HGA. We developed and implemented a functional assay and applied it to all 17 missense variants detected in a total of 26 CIC-deficient patients, including eight novel cases, showing reduced activities of varying degrees. In addition, we analyzed the importance of residues affected by these missense variants using our existing scoring system. This allowed not only a clinical and biochemical overview of the D/L-2-HGA patients but also phenotype-genotype correlation studies.

13.
Child Neurol Open ; 4: 2329048X17738625, 2017 Jan-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29152528

RESUMO

X-linked lissencephaly with abnormal genitalia is a rare and devastating syndrome. The authors present an infant with a multisystem phenotype where the intestinal manifestations were as life limiting as the central nervous system features. Severe chronic diarrhea resulted in failure to thrive, dehydration, electrolyte derangements, long-term hospitalization, and prompted transition to palliative care. Other multisystem manifestations included megacolon, colitis, pancreatic insufficiency hypothalamic dysfunction, hypothyroidism, and hypophosphatasia. A novel aristaless-related homeobox gene mutation, c.1136G>T/p.R379L, was identified. This case contributes to the clinical, histological, and molecular understanding of the multisystem nature of this disorder, especially the role of ARX in the development of the enteroendocrine system.

14.
J Exp Med ; 214(3): 719-735, 2017 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28202494

RESUMO

Strict regulation of stem cell metabolism is essential for tissue functions and tumor suppression. In this study, we investigated the role of fumarate hydratase (Fh1), a key component of the mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and cytosolic fumarate metabolism, in normal and leukemic hematopoiesis. Hematopoiesis-specific Fh1 deletion (resulting in endogenous fumarate accumulation and a genetic TCA cycle block reflected by decreased maximal mitochondrial respiration) caused lethal fetal liver hematopoietic defects and hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) failure. Reexpression of extramitochondrial Fh1 (which normalized fumarate levels but not maximal mitochondrial respiration) rescued these phenotypes, indicating the causal role of cellular fumarate accumulation. However, HSCs lacking mitochondrial Fh1 (which had normal fumarate levels but defective maximal mitochondrial respiration) failed to self-renew and displayed lymphoid differentiation defects. In contrast, leukemia-initiating cells lacking mitochondrial Fh1 efficiently propagated Meis1/Hoxa9-driven leukemia. Thus, we identify novel roles for fumarate metabolism in HSC maintenance and hematopoietic differentiation and reveal a differential requirement for mitochondrial Fh1 in normal hematopoiesis and leukemia propagation.


Assuntos
Fumarato Hidratase/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/fisiologia , Animais , Feminino , Fumaratos/metabolismo , Hematopoese , Histonas/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/etiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio
15.
Clin Pract ; 6(3): 848, 2016 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27777708

RESUMO

Kabuki syndrome is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous congenital malformation syndrome with protean clinical manifestations. This reflects the important epigenetic role in embryonic development of the two genes currently known to be associated with Kabuki syndrome i.e., KMT2D and KDM6A, which are responsible for Kabuki syndrome 1 and Kabuki syndrome 2, respectively. Hypoglycemia is thought to be a rare manifestation of Kabuki syndrome; however it may be under diagnosed. Herein we describe the case of a 5-year-old girl with Kabuki syndrome 2 in whom persistent hyperinsulinism was diagnosed at 4 years of age. We postulate an epigenetic mechanism for hyperinsulinism where specific loss KDM6A demethylation of the H3K27me3/me2 mark may lead to deregulated pancreatic ß-cell development.

17.
J Clin Immunol ; 36(3): 220-34, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26951490

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Spondyloenchondrodysplasia is a rare immuno-osseous dysplasia caused by biallelic mutations in ACP5. We aimed to provide a survey of the skeletal, neurological and immune manifestations of this disease in a cohort of molecularly confirmed cases. METHODS: We compiled clinical, genetic and serological data from a total of 26 patients from 18 pedigrees, all with biallelic ACP5 mutations. RESULTS: We observed a variability in skeletal, neurological and immune phenotypes, which was sometimes marked even between affected siblings. In total, 22 of 26 patients manifested autoimmune disease, most frequently autoimmune thrombocytopenia and systemic lupus erythematosus. Four patients were considered to demonstrate no clinical autoimmune disease, although two were positive for autoantibodies. In the majority of patients tested we detected upregulated expression of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), in keeping with the autoimmune phenotype and the likely immune-regulatory function of the deficient protein tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). Two mutation positive patients did not demonstrate an upregulation of ISGs, including one patient with significant autoimmune disease controlled by immunosuppressive therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our data expand the known phenotype of SPENCD. We propose that the OMIM differentiation between spondyloenchondrodysplasia and spondyloenchondrodysplasia with immune dysregulation is no longer appropriate, since the molecular evidence that we provide suggests that these phenotypes represent a continuum of the same disorder. In addition, the absence of an interferon signature following immunomodulatory treatments in a patient with significant autoimmune disease may indicate a therapeutic response important for the immune manifestations of spondyloenchondrodysplasia.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Mutação , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/genética , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Autoanticorpos/biossíntese , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/patologia , Osso e Ossos/imunologia , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Encéfalo/imunologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Genótipo , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/imunologia , Deficiência Intelectual/patologia , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Masculino , Osteocondrodisplasias/imunologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/patologia , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/imunologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/patologia , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/deficiência , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/imunologia
18.
Am J Hum Genet ; 98(2): 347-57, 2016 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26805781

RESUMO

The underlying genetic etiology of rhabdomyolysis remains elusive in a significant fraction of individuals presenting with recurrent metabolic crises and muscle weakness. Using exome sequencing, we identified bi-allelic mutations in TANGO2 encoding transport and Golgi organization 2 homolog (Drosophila) in 12 subjects with episodic rhabdomyolysis, hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, and susceptibility to life-threatening cardiac tachyarrhythmias. A recurrent homozygous c.460G>A (p.Gly154Arg) mutation was found in four unrelated individuals of Hispanic/Latino origin, and a homozygous ∼34 kb deletion affecting exons 3-9 was observed in two families of European ancestry. One individual of mixed Hispanic/European descent was found to be compound heterozygous for c.460G>A (p.Gly154Arg) and the deletion of exons 3-9. Additionally, a homozygous exons 4-6 deletion was identified in a consanguineous Middle Eastern Arab family. No homozygotes have been reported for these changes in control databases. Fibroblasts derived from a subject with the recurrent c.460G>A (p.Gly154Arg) mutation showed evidence of increased endoplasmic reticulum stress and a reduction in Golgi volume density in comparison to control. Our results show that the c.460G>A (p.Gly154Arg) mutation and the exons 3-9 heterozygous deletion in TANGO2 are recurrent pathogenic alleles present in the Latino/Hispanic and European populations, respectively, causing considerable morbidity in the homozygotes in these populations.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Debilidade Muscular/genética , Rabdomiólise/genética , Alelos , Árabes/genética , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Exoma , Éxons , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Complexo de Golgi/genética , Complexo de Golgi/metabolismo , Hispano-Americanos/genética , Homozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Debilidade Muscular/diagnóstico , Linhagem , Rabdomiólise/diagnóstico
19.
Child Neurol Open ; 3: 2329048X16666362, 2016 Jan-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28503614

RESUMO

Interstitial deletions affecting the long arm of chromosome 3 have been associated with a broad phenotype. This has included the features of blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome, Dandy-Walker malformation, and the rare Wisconsin syndrome. The authors report a young female patient presenting with features consistent with all 3 of these syndromes. This has occurred in the context of a de novo 3q22.3q24 microdeletion including FOXL2, ZIC1, and ZIC4. This patient provides further evidence for the role of ZIC1 and ZIC4 in Dandy-Walker malformation and is the third reported case of Dandy-Walker malformation to have associated corpus callosum thinning. This patient is also only the seventh to be reported with the rare Wisconsin syndrome phenotype.

20.
Child Neurol Open ; 3: 2329048X16668970, 2016 Jan-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28503616

RESUMO

Hereditary neuralgic amyotrophy is a rare disorder characterized by the sudden onset of recurrent episodes of painful brachial plexus neuropathies, followed by atrophy within a few weeks. The authors present the case of a 5-year-old boy who developed hereditary neuralgic amyotrophy in the right upper limb after a gastroenteritis illness. He made a full and rapid recovery with the use of intravenous immunoglobulin. A subsequent episode in the left upper limb during the course of intravenous immunoglobulin was significantly attenuated. A de novo c.262C>T mutation in exon 2 of the SEPT9 gene was identified. To our knowledge, he is the first pediatric patient with SEPT9 hereditary neuralgic amyotrophy to be treated with intravenous immunoglobulin. The authors hypothesize that the c.262C>T mutation in exon 2 of the SEPT9 gene generates pathology via the numerous isoforms under specific conditions and that intravenous immunoglobulin can play a role at the epigenetic level of improving dysfunctional SEPT9 expression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA