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1.
Nanoscale ; 11(25): 12092-12096, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210229

RESUMO

Incorporating anisotropic surface charges on atomically precise gold nanoclusters (Au NCs) led to a strong absorption in the near-infrared region and could enable the formation of self-assembled Au NCs exhibiting an intense absorption band at ∼1000 nm. This surface modification showed a striking enhancement of the photoluminescence in the Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) region with a quantum yield as high as 6.1% in water.

2.
Nanomedicine ; 20: 102011, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103735

RESUMO

With the objective to evaluate the potential of ultra-small gold (Au) nanoclusters (NCs) for optical image-guided surgery, we synthesized and characterized AuNCs shelled by zwitterionic or pegylated ligands. The toxicity of the different AuNCs was evaluated on the Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) CAL-33 and SQ20B cell lines in vitro. The safer AuNCs were administrated intravenously to mice for the determination of the pharmacokinetic properties. Biodistributions were performed on orthotopic CAL-33 HNSCC-bearing mice. Finally, the AuNCs were used for image-guided surgery, allowing the increase of the survival time vs. control animals, and the number of animals without any local recurrence.

3.
Chemistry ; 24(52): 13728-13733, 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30025188

RESUMO

The origin of the triple-helix structure and high stability of collagen has been debated for many years. As models of the triple helix and building blocks for new biomaterials, collagen mimetic peptide (CMP) assemblies have been deeply studied in the condensed phase. In particular, it was found that hydroxylation of proline, an abundant post-translational modification in collagen, increases its stability. Two main hypotheses emerged to account for this behavior: 1) intra-helix stereoelectronic effects, and 2) the role of water molecules H-bound to hydroxyproline side-chains. However, in condensed-phase investigations, the influence of water cannot be fully removed. Therefore, we employed a combination of tandem ion mobility and mass spectrometries to assess the structure and stability of CMP assemblies in the gas phase. These results show a conservation of the structure and stability properties of triple helix models in the absence of solvent, supporting an important role of stereoelectronic effects. Moreover, evidence that small triple helix assemblies with controlled stoichiometry can be studied in the gas phase is given, which opens new perspectives in the understanding of the first steps of collagen fiber growth.

4.
Nanoscale ; 10(24): 11335-11341, 2018 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29713724

RESUMO

Thiolate-protected gold nanoclusters have recently attracted considerable attention due to their size-dependent luminescence characterized by a long lifetime and large Stokes shift. However, the optimization of nanocluster properties such as the luminescence quantum yield is still a challenge. We report here the transformation of Au25Capt18 (Capt labels captopril) nanoclusters occurring at low pH and yielding a product with a much increased luminescence quantum yield which we have identified as Au23Capt17. We applied a simple method of treatment with HCl to accomplish this transformation and we characterized the absorption and emission of the newly created ligated nanoclusters as well as their morphology. Based on DFT calculations we show which Au nanocluster size transformations can lead to highly luminescent species such as Au23Capt17.

5.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 29(1): 114-120, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29027151

RESUMO

Over the years, polymer analyses using ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) measurements have been performed on different ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) setups. In order to be able to compare literature data taken on different IM(-MS) instruments, ion heating and ion temperature evaluations have already been explored. Nevertheless, extrapolations to other analytes are difficult and thus straightforward same-sample instrument comparisons seem to be the only reliable way to make sure that the different IM(-MS) setups do not greatly change the gas-phase behavior. We used a large range of degrees of polymerization (DP) of poly(ethylene oxide) PEO homopolymers to measure IMS drift times on three different IM-MS setups: a homemade drift tube (DT), a trapped (TIMS), and a traveling wave (T-Wave) IMS setup. The drift time evolutions were followed for increasing polymer DPs (masses) and charge states, and they are found to be comparable and reproducible on the three instruments. ᅟ.

6.
Chemphyschem ; 19(2): 165-168, 2018 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29105296

RESUMO

Increasing fluorescence quantum yields of ligand-protected gold nanoclusters has attracted wide research interest. The strategy consisting in using bulky counterions has been found to dramatically enhance the fluorescence. In this Communication, we push forward this concept to the nonlinear optical regime. We show that by an appropriate choice of bulky counterions and of solvent, a 30-fold increase in two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) signal at ≈600 nm for gold nanoclusters can be obtained. This would correspond to a TPEF cross-section in the range of 0.1 to 1 GM.

7.
Anal Chem ; 89(22): 12076-12086, 2017 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29064225

RESUMO

Ion mobility (IM) is now a well-established and fast analytical technique. The IM hardware is constantly being improved, especially in terms of the resolving power. The Drift Tube (DTIMS), the Traveling Wave (TWIMS), and the Trapped Ion Mobility Spectrometry (TIMS) coupled to mass spectrometry are used to determine the Collision Cross-Sections (CCS) of ions. In analytical chemistry, the CCS is approached as a descriptor for ion identification and it is also used in physical chemistry for 3D structure elucidation with computational chemistry support. The CCS is a physical descriptor extracted from the reduced mobility (K0) measurements obtainable only from the DTIMS. TWIMS and TIMS routinely require a calibration procedure to convert measured physical quantities (drift time for TWIMS and elution voltage for TIMS) into CCS values. This calibration is a critical step to allow interinstrument comparisons. The previous calibrating substances lead to large prediction bands and introduced rather large uncertainties during the CCS determination. In this paper, we introduce a new IM calibrant (CCS and K0) using singly charged sodium adducts of poly(ethylene oxide) monomethyl ether (CH3O-PEO-H) for positive ionization in both helium and nitrogen as drift gas. These singly charged calibrating ions make it possible to determine the CCS/K0 of ions having higher charge states. The fitted calibration plots exhibit larger coverage with less data scattering and significantly improved prediction bands and uncertainties. The reasons for the improved CCS/K0 accuracy, advantages, and limitations of the calibration procedures are also discussed. A generalized IM calibration strategy is suggested.

8.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 8(9): 1979-1985, 2017 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28398738

RESUMO

We report facile synthesis of the Au10(SG)10 nanoclusters, where SG stands for glutathione, found to be promising as a new class of radiosensitizers for cancer radiotherapy. The homoleptic catenane structure with two Au5SG5 interconnected rings, among different isomer structures, gives the best agreement between theoretical and experimental optical spectra and XRD patterns. This catenane structure exhibits a centrosymmetry-broken structure, resulting in enhanced second harmonic response and new characteristic circular dichroism signals in the spectral region of 250-400 nm. This is the first determination of the nonlinear optical properties of a ligated cluster with an equal Au-to-ligand ratio, thus without a metallic core and therefore zero confined electrons. Insight into the nonlinear and chiroptical efficiencies arising from interplay between structural and electronic properties is provided by the TD-DFT approach.

9.
Anal Chem ; 89(7): 4230-4237, 2017 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28263061

RESUMO

The shape of the spectral features in arrival time distributions (ATDs) recorded by ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) can often be interpreted in terms of the coexistence of different isomeric species. Interconversion between such species is also acknowledged to influence the shape of the ATD, even if no general quantitative description of this effect is available. We present an analytical model that allows simulating ATDs resulting from interconverting species. This model is used to reproduce experimental data obtained on a bistable system and to interpret discrepancies between measurements on different types of instruments. We show that the proposed model can be further exploited to extract kinetic and thermodynamic data from tandem-IMS measurements.

10.
Nanoscale ; 9(3): 1221-1228, 2017 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28050616

RESUMO

We report a combined experimental and theoretical study of the two-photon absorption and excited emission properties of monodisperse ligand stabilized Ag11, Ag15 and Ag31 nanoclusters in aqueous solutions. The nanoclusters were synthesized using a cyclic reduction under oxidative conditions and separated by vertical gel electrophoresis. The two-photon absorption cross-sections of these protected noble metal nanoclusters measured within the biologically attractive 750-900 nm window are several orders of magnitude larger than that reported for commercially available standard organic dyes. The two-photon excited fluorescence spectra are also presented for excitation wavelengths within the same excitation spectral window. They exhibit size-tunability. Because the fundamental photophysical mechanisms underlying these multiphoton processes in ligand protected clusters with only a few metal atoms are not fully understood yet, a theoretical model is proposed to identify the key driving elements. Elements that regulate the dipole moments and the nonlinear optical properties are the nanocluster size, its structure and the charge distribution on both the metal core and the bound ligands. We coined this new class of NLO materials as "Ligand-Core" NLO-phores.

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