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1.
Infect Dis Ther ; 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35394640

RESUMO

Limited data are available for ceftazidime-avibactam (CZA) dosing in patients receiving renal replacement therapy, especially the data on the dosing in patients receiving intermittent hemodialysis (IHD). In this report, we firstly described a case in which CZA was administered as 2.5 g after each time of IHD, and a dose of 1.25 g was added on the 48th-hour for the 72-h interdialytic interval. Plasma concentrations of CZA measured at different time indicated that > 50% of administered ceftazidime and avibactam were removed during the 4-h hemodialysis. In addition, we described another case on continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD), in which CZA was administered as 2.5 g q12h in 2-h infusions. The dose regimen for these two cases could achieve trough concentration of ceftazidime higher than fourfold of the MIC and trough concentration of avibactam higher than the threshold of 1 µg/mL during the treatment, and exert efficient antimicrobial effect.

2.
Viruses ; 14(3)2022 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35336921

RESUMO

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is a contagious herpesvirus that causes Aujeszky's disease and economic losses worldwide. Liver X receptors (LXRs) belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily and are critical for the control of lipid homeostasis. However, the role of LXR in PRV infection has not been fully established. In this study, we found that PRV infection downregulated the mRNA and protein levels of LXRα and LXRß in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we discovered that LXR activation suppressed PRV proliferation, while LXR inhibition promoted PRV proliferation. We demonstrated that LXR activation-mediated reduction of cellular cholesterol was critical for the dynamics of PRV entry-dependent clathrin-coated pits. Replenishment of cholesterol restored the dynamics of clathrin-coated pits and PRV entry under LXR activation conditions. Interestingly, T0901317, an LXR agonist, prevented PRV infection in mice. Our results support a model that PRV modulates LXR-regulated cholesterol metabolism to facilitate viral proliferation.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Suídeo 1 , Pseudorraiva , Animais , Colesterol , Clatrina , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/genética , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/metabolismo , Receptores X do Fígado/genética , Receptores X do Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos
3.
Front Oncol ; 12: 781932, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35356208

RESUMO

Background: Adipogenic transdifferentiation was an important carcinogenic factor in various tumors, while studies on its role in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) were still relatively few. This study aimed to investigate its prognostic value and mechanism of action in ccRCC. Methods: Gene expression profiles and clinical data of ccRCC patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Nonnegative matrix factorization was used for clustering. Gene set variation analysis (GSVA) and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) were used to analyze the pathways and biological process activities. single-sample GSEA (ssGSEA) was utilized to quantify the relative abundance of each immune cell. Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) was used to evaluate the proportion of various immune infiltrating cells across diverse cancer types. Real-Time PCR was performed to examine the gene expression. R software was utilized to analyze the expression and prognostic role of genes in ccRCC. Results: A total of 49 adipose-related genes (ARGs) were screened for differential expression between normal and ccRCC tissues. Based on differentially expressed ARGs, patients with ccRCC were divided into two adipose subtypes with different clinical, molecular, and pathway characteristics. Patients in cluster A exhibited more advanced pathological stages, higher expressions of RARRES2 and immune checkpoint genes, higher immune infiltration scores, and less nutrient metabolism pathways. Adipose differentiation index (ADI) was constructed according to the above ARGs and survival data, and its robustness and accuracy was validated in different cohorts. In addition, it was found that the expression of ARGs was associated with immune cell infiltration and immune checkpoint in ccRCC, among which GBP2 was thought to be the most relevant gene to the tumor immune microenvironment and play a potential role in carcinogenesis and invasion of tumor cells. Conclusion: Our analysis revealed the consistency of higher adipogenic transdifferentiation of tumor cells with worse clinical outcomes in ccRCC. The 16-mRNA signature could predict the prognosis of ccRCC patients with high accuracy. ARGs such as GBP2 might shed light on the development of novel biomarkers and immunotherapies of ccRCC.

4.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 9, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety of gasless endoscopic trans-axillary thyroid surgery is still undetermined. METHODS: Clinical findings and postoperative complications of patients who had undergone trans-axillary thyroid surgery due to thyroid cancer and thyroid nodules were retrospectively studied. The sensory change and paralysis results from this technique and patients' satisfaction with the cosmesis were also studied. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (49 females and 2 males) received operations by gasless, endoscopic trans-axillary approaches with one patient whose operation was converted to open surgery because of internal jugular vein injury. Only two patients developed temporary vocal cord paralysis and no patients developed other severe complications. The alleviation of the discomfort in the anterior neck area and sternocleidomastoid, and the cosmetic effect of gasless endoscopic trans-axillary thyroid surgery were acceptable. No evidence of recurrence was found during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Gasless, endoscopic trans-axillary thyroid surgery is a feasible procedure with acceptable safety and better cosmetic results in strictly selected patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidectomia , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos
5.
Cell Death Differ ; 29(2): 366-380, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635817

RESUMO

Many integral membrane proteins might act as indispensable coordinators in specific functional microdomains to maintain the normal operation of known receptors, such as Notch. Gm364 is a multi-pass transmembrane protein that has been screened as a potential female fertility factor. However, there have been no reports to date about its function in female fertility. Here, we found that global knockout of Gm364 decreased the numbers of primordial follicles and growing follicles, impaired oocyte quality as indicated by increased ROS and γ-H2AX, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, decreased oocyte maturation, and increased aneuploidy. Mechanistically, Gm364 directly binds and anchors MIB2, a ubiquitin ligase, on the membrane. Subsequently, membrane MIB2 ubiquitinates and activates DLL3. Next, the activated DLL3 binds and activates Notch2, which is subsequently cleaved within the cytoplasm to produce NICD2, the intracellular active domain of Notch2. Finally, NICD2 can directly activate AKT within the cytoplasm to regulate oocyte meiosis and quality.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Feminino , Fertilidade , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Ubiquitina/metabolismo
6.
Nanotechnology ; 33(13)2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929679

RESUMO

Structural color has been studied through various methods due to its distinguished features of stability, durability, high information storage density and high integration. However, the artificial structural color samples do not exhibit superior performance in color saturation and low angular dependence. Here, we present an approach to acquire additive reflective color based on a metal-dielectric-metal (MDM) stack. The upper layer composed of Ag particles is perforated in a hexagonal arrangement which profits from the dielectric anodic aluminium oxide (AAO) membrane. The size and shape of the Ag particles are getting inhomogeneous as the deposition thickness of the upper layer increasing, which expands the desired absorption range of surface plasmons. The residual non-anodized Al foil serves as a highly reflective substrate for efficient color presenting through the thin-film interference in this plasmonic MDM system. As a result, the color gamut area of this MDM stack is extended 8 times in CIE chromaticity coordinates. Finally, a wafer-scale (diameter of 83 mm) badge of Harbin Engineering University (HEU) with highly saturated colors and a pattern characterized with low angle-dependent property (up to 60°) are presented, which exhibit promising prospects in commercial coloring and imaging.

7.
Hum Reprod ; 36(10): 2649-2660, 2021 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477868

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Do testis-derived circular RNAs (circRNAs) in seminal plasma have potential as biomarkers to predict the outcome of microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) in patients with idiopathic non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Testis-derived circRNAs in the seminal plasma can indeed be used for predicting the outcome of micro-TESE in patients with idiopathic NOA. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Micro-TESE is an effective method to obtain sperm samples from patients with idiopathic NOA. However, its success rate is only 40-50% in such patients. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Six idiopathic NOA patients with different micro-TESE results were included as the discovery cohort. Their testicular tissues were used for extracting and sequencing circRNAs. Five circRNAs with the most significantly different expression levels were selected for further verification. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Fifty-two patients with idiopathic NOA were included as the validation cohort. Preoperative seminal plasma samples of 52 patients with idiopathic NOA and 25 intraoperative testicular tissues were collected and divided into 'success' and 'failure' groups according to the results of micro-TESE. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to verify differences in the expression levels of the selected circRNAs between the two groups in the testicular tissues and seminal plasma. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Whether at the seminal plasma or testicular tissue level, the differences in the expression levels of the three circRNAs (hsa_circ_0000277, hsa_circ_0060394 and hsa_circ_0007773) between the success and failure groups were consistent with the sequencing results. A diagnostic receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis of the AUC indicated excellent diagnostic performance of these circRNAs in seminal plasma in predicting the outcome of micro-TESE (AUC values: 0.920, 0.928 and 0.891, respectively). On the basis of least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression, the three circRNAs were combined to construct a new prediction model. The diagnostic ROC curve analysis of the model showed an AUC value of 0.958. The expression levels of these circRNAs in seminal plasma using three normospermic volunteer samples remained stable after 48 h at room temperature. LARGE SCALE DATA: NA. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: This was a single-center retrospective study with relatively few cases. The functions of these circRNAs, as well as their relationship with spermatogenesis, have not yet been established. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Testis-derived circRNAs in seminal plasma can reflect the microenvironment of the testis and can be used as reliable biomarkers to screen patients with idiopathic NOA who might be suitable for micro-TESE. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This article was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 81871151). There were no competing interests.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , RNA Circular , Azoospermia/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Microdissecção , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sêmen , Recuperação Espermática , Espermatozoides , Testículo
8.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 414, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ferroptosis, a novel form of regulated cell death, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cancers. Nevertheless, the potential function and prognostic values of ferroptosis in bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA) are complex and remain to be clarified. Therefore, we proposed to systematically examine the roles of ferroptosis-associated genes (FAGs) in BLCA. METHODS: According to The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, differently expressed FAGs (DEFAGs) and differently expressed transcription factors (DETFs) were identified in BLCA. Next, the network between DEFAGs and DETFs, GO annotations and KEGG pathway analyses were performed. Then, through univariate, LASSO and multivariate regression analyses, a novel signature based on FAGs was constructed. Moreover, survival analysis, PCA analysis, t-SNE analysis, ROC analysis, independent prognostic analysis, clinicopathological and immune correlation analysis, and experimental validation were utilized to evaluate the signature. RESULTS: Twenty-eight DEFAGs were identified, and four FAGs (CRYAB, TFRC, SQLE and G6PD) were finally utilized to establish the FAGs based signature in the TCGA cohort, which was subsequently validated in the GEO database. Moreover, we found that immune cell infiltration, immunotherapy-related biomarkers and immune-related pathways were significantly different between two risk groups. Besides, nine molecule drugs with the potential to treat bladder cancer were identified by the connectivity map database analysis. Finally, the expression levels of crucial FAGs were verified by the experiment, which were consistent with our bioinformatics analysis, and knockdown of TFRC could inhibit cell proliferation and colony formation in BLCA cell lines in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified prognostic ferroptosis-associated genes and established a novel FAGs signature, which could accurately predict prognosis in BLCA patients.

10.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 24: 905-922, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34094710

RESUMO

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) promotes tumorigenesis and metastasis and increases tumor tolerance to treatment intervention. Abnormal activation of transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) and Wnt pathway induces EMT. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) significantly influence EMT regulation. Herein, we show that MIR210HG is overexpressed in endometrial cancer tissues, which is associated with poor prognosis. MIR210HG silencing significantly inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT phenotype formation in vitro as well as tumorigenesis in vivo. Mechanistically, bioinformatics analyses, RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays, and luciferase assays showed that MIR210HG acts as a molecular sponge of miR-337-3p and miR-137 to regulate the expression of HMGA2. Additionally, MIR210HG overexpression significantly enriched the Wnt/ß-catenin and TGF-ß/Smad3 signaling pathway genes, while MIR210HG or HMGA2 knockdown suppressed the Wnt/ß-catenin and TGF-ß/Smad3 signaling pathway. Our findings on the MIR210HG-miR-337-3p/137-HMGA2 axis illustrate its potential as a target for endometrial cancer therapeutic development.

11.
Vet Res ; 52(1): 95, 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174954

RESUMO

Pseudorabies, caused by pseudorabies virus (PRV) variants, has broken out among commercial PRV vaccine-immunized swine herds and resulted in major economic losses to the pig industry in China since late 2011. However, the mechanism of virulence enhancement of variant PRV is currently unclear. Here, a recombinant PRV (rPRV HN1201-EGFP-Luc) with stable expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and firefly luciferase as a double reporter virus was constructed on the basis of the PRV variant HN1201 through CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing technology coupled with two sgRNAs. The biological characteristics of the recombinant virus and its lethality to mice were similar to those of the parental strain and displayed a stable viral titre and luciferase activity through 20 passages. Moreover, bioluminescence signals were detected in mice at 12 h after rPRV HN1201-EGFP-Luc infection. Using the double reporter PRV, we also found that 25-hydroxycholesterol had a significant inhibitory effect on PRV both in vivo and in vitro. These results suggested that the double reporter PRV based on PRV variant HN1201 should be an excellent tool for basic virology studies and evaluating antiviral agents.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/fisiologia , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/patogenicidade , Animais , Feminino , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pseudorraiva/virologia , Virulência
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 219: 112323, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015706

RESUMO

Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) is a widely used plasticizer and an environmental endocrine-disrupting compound. However, whether prenatal exposure to DBP can impair erectile function remains unknown. We conducted this study to investigate the potential effects of prenatal exposure to DBP on erectile function and the underlying mechanisms. A rat model of prenatal DBP exposure (12.5, 100 or 800 mg/kg/day by gavage during gestational days 13-21) was established. Prenatal DBP exposure significantly decreased penis/body weight ratio, myelin sheath thickness of cavernosum nerves and serum testosterone level in male rats at the age of 10 weeks. Furthermore, erectile dysfunction was detected in all DBP exposure groups, which exhibited substantial increases in transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) expression and decreases in the expression of alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), neuronal and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (nNOS and eNOS). Additionally, the phospho-B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)-associated death promoter (p-Bad)/Bad and phospho-the protein kinase B (p-AKT)/AKT ratios were remarkably lower, but the Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax)/Bcl-2 ratio and caspase-3 were higher in DBP exposure groups than in the control group. Notably, prenatal exposure to DBP increase the risk of ED in male adult rats, even taking low dose of DBP (12.5 mg/kg/day). DBP exposure causing penile fibrosis, decreased testosterone level, and endothelial dysfunction may be responsible for ED by activating Akt/Bad/Bax/caspase-3 pathway and suppressing NOS/cGMP pathway in penis.


Assuntos
Dibutilftalato/toxicidade , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Dibutilftalato/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Disfunção Erétil/metabolismo , Disfunção Erétil/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Ereção Peniana/efeitos dos fármacos , Ereção Peniana/fisiologia , Pênis/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
Am J Cancer Res ; 11(4): 1480-1502, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33948369

RESUMO

Our previous study introduced the oncogenic role of the long non-coding RNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) in endometrial cancer (EC). In this study, we aimed to construct a PVT1-centered competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network to outline a regulatory axis that might promote the malignant progression of advanced EC. Raw Uterine Corpus Endometrial Carcinoma (UCEC) datasets were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and used for construction of the PVT1-centered ceRNA network. The ceRNA binding sites were established using dual-luciferase assays. FISH assays displayed the co-location of PVT1 and miR-612 in EC cells. Immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, qRT-PCR, and western blots were used to assess the expression of miR-612 and CENP-H in EC tissues, and their functions on biological behaviours were examined by a series of in vitro and in vivo assays. Molecule interactions were illustrated by co-transfection assays. The bioinformatics analysis showed that PVT1/miR-612/CENP-H/CDK1 axis played a vital role in the malignant progression of advanced EC. MiR-612 was downregulated in EC tissues and acted as a tumour suppressor to inhibit cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and promote cell apoptosis. CENP-H was found overexpressed in EC tissues, and the expression level was correlated to diagnosis and prognosis of EC. Hyperactivated CENP-H promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and inhibited cell apoptosis. Overexpressed CENP-H prevented the anti-tumour effects observed with upregulated miR-612; knockdown of miR-612 also suppressed the anti-tumour effects of downregulated PVT1. Knockdown of PVT1 together with upregulated miR-612 exerted the strongest anti-tumour effects in nude mice. These effects were mediated by CDK1 through modulation of the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. In conclusion, the PVT1/miR-612/CENP-H/CDK1 axis promoted the malignant progression of advanced EC and could serve as a promising target for potential treatments.

14.
Front Immunol ; 12: 657575, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33936087

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapies have significantly improved the prognosis and shown considerable promise for cancer therapy; however, differences in ICB treatment efficacy between the elderly and young are unknown. We analyzed the studies enrolled in the meta-analysis using the deft approach, and found no difference in efficacy except melanoma patients receiving anti-PD-1 therapy. Similarly, higher treatment response rate and more favorable prognosis were observed in elderly patients in some cancer types (e.g., melanoma) with data from published ICB treatment clinical trials. In addition, we comprehensively compared immunotherapy-related molecular profiles between elderly and young patients from public trials and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and validated these findings in several independent datasets. We discovered a divergent age-biased immune profiling, including the properties of tumors (e.g., tumor mutation load) and immune features (e.g., immune cells), in a pancancer setting across 27 cancer types. We believe that ICB treatment efficacy might vary depending on specific cancer types and be determined by both the tumor internal features and external immune microenvironment. Considering the high mutational properties in elderly patients in many cancer types, modulating immune function could be beneficial to immunotherapy in the elderly, which requires further investigation.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/etiologia , Fatores Etários , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Proteínas de Checkpoint Imunológico/genética , Proteínas de Checkpoint Imunológico/metabolismo , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética , Especificidade de Órgãos/imunologia , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Transl Androl Urol ; 10(3): 1018-1029, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second lethal heterogeneous cancer among males worldwide, and approximately 20% of PCa patients following radical prostatectomy (RP) will undergo biochemical recurrence (BCR). This study is aimed to identify the immune-related gene signature that can predict BCR in localized PCa following RP. METHODS: Expression profile of genes together with clinical parameters from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO) and the immune-related genes from the Molecular Signatures Database v4.0 were applied to construct and validate the gene signature. The Cox regression analyses were conducted to identify the candidate genes and establish the gene signature. To estimate the prognostic power of the risk score, the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and Harrell's index of concordance (C-index) were utilized. We also established a nomogram to forecast the probability of patients' survival. RESULTS: A total of 268 patients from the TCGA and 77 patients from GSE70770 and six immune-related genes (SCIN, THY1, TBX1, NOTCH4, MAL, BNIP3L) were eventually selected. The Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients in the low-risk group had a significantly longer recurrence-free survival (RFS) compared to those in the high-risk group. In the multivariate Cox model, the signature was identified as an independent prognostic factor, which was significantly associated with RFS (TCGA: HR =5.232, 95% CI: 1.762-15.538, P=0.003; GSE70770: HR =2.158, 95% CI: 1.051-4.432, P=0.036). Moreover, the C-index got improved after incorporating the risk score into original clinicopathological parameters. In addition, the novel nomogram was constructed to better predict the 1-, 3- and 5-year RFS. CONCLUSIONS: This signature could serve as an independent prognostic factor for BCR. Incorporation of our signature into traditional risk classification might further stratify patients with different prognosis, which could assist practitioners in developing clinical decision-making.

16.
Transl Androl Urol ; 10(3): 1250-1272, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More and more studies have paid attention to the role of apoptosis in tumorigenesis. A variety of apoptosis-related genes (ARGs) are related to tumor progression and resistance to chemotherapy drugs. Therefore, this study aims to establish a prognostic marker for ARG-based testicular germ cell tumors (TCGT). METHODS: TCGT sequencing data and clinical information were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and GEO database. The sequencing data of normal tissues came from the GTEx database. Through univariate COX, LASSO, and multiple COX regression analyses, we screened out key ARGs related to prognosis and constructed a risk signature and a prognostic nomogram. Finally, we performed internal and external verification to verify the signature we have established. RESULTS: Five ARGs, including CHGA, LPCAT1, PPP1CA, PSMB5, UBR2 were selected out and utilized to establish a novel signature. Based on this signature, TCGT patients were divided into high-risk groups and low-risk groups. The results showed that the disease-free survival (DFS) of patients in the high-risk group was lower than that in the low-risk group (P=0.02268). The subsequent univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis further proved that the features we established are valuable independent prognostic factors (P<0.05). Also, a prognostic nomogram was created to visualize the relationship between various prognostic-related factors and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year DFS of TCGT in the TCGA cohort. CONCLUSIONS: We constructed a new nomogram based on ARGs to predict the risk of testicular tumor recurrence. It can help clinicians better and more intuitively predict the survival of patients.

17.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 32(8): 1887-1897, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is characterized by GN and often pulmonary hemorrhage, mediated by autoantibodies that typically recognize cryptic epitopes within α345(IV) collagen-a major component of the glomerular and alveolar basement membranes. Laminin-521 is another major GBM component and a proven target of pathogenic antibodies mediating GN in animal models. Whether laminin-521 is a target of autoimmunity in human anti-GBM disease is not yet known. METHODS: A retrospective study of circulating autoantibodies from 101 patients with anti-GBM/Goodpasture's disease and 85 controls used a solid-phase immunoassay to measure IgG binding to human recombinant laminin-521 with native-like structure and activity. RESULTS: Circulating IgG autoantibodies binding to laminin-521 were found in about one third of patients with anti-GBM antibody GN, but were not detected in healthy controls or in patients with other glomerular diseases. Autoreactivity toward laminin-521 was significantly more common in patients with anti-GBM GN and lung hemorrhage, compared with those with kidney-limited disease (51.5% versus 23.5%, P=0.005). Antilaminin-521 autoantibodies were predominantly of IgG1 and IgG4 subclasses and significantly associated with lung hemorrhage (P=0.005), hemoptysis (P=0.008), and smoking (P=0.01), although not with proteinuria or serum creatinine at diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Besides α345(IV) collagen, laminin-521 is another major autoantigen targeted in anti-GBM disease. Autoantibodies to laminin-521 may have the potential to promote lung injury in anti-GBM disease by increasing the total amount of IgG bound to the alveolar basement membranes.


Assuntos
Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/sangue , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Hemoptise/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Laminina/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/complicações , Autoantígenos/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colágeno Tipo IV/imunologia , Colágeno Tipo IV/metabolismo , Creatinina/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Epitopos/imunologia , Feminino , Hemoptise/complicações , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteinúria/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Saimiri , Fumar/sangue
18.
Transl Androl Urol ; 10(2): 662-679, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is found to be associated with promoting tumorigenesis in different types of cancers, however, the function of m6A-related genes in testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) development remains to be illuminated. This study aimed to investigated the prognostic value of m6A RNA methylation regulators in TGCT. METHODS: We collected TGCT patients' information about clinicopathologic parameters and twenty-two m6A regulatory genes expression from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx). We analyzed the differentially expressed m6A RNA methylation regulators between tumor tissues and normal tissues, as well as the correlation of m6A RNA methylation regulators. By using Cox univariate analysis, last absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression algorithm and Cox multivariate proportional hazards regression analysis, a risk score was constructed based on a TCGA training cohort, and further verified in the TCGA testing cohort. Then, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate the relationship between risk score and progression-free survival (PFS) in TGCT. Finally, the six-gene risk score was further verified by two gene expression profiles (GSE3218 and GSE10783) as an independent external validation cohort. RESULTS: Distinct expression patterns of m6A regulatory genes were identified between TGCT tissues and normal tissues in TCGA and GTEx datasets. To predict prognosis of TGCT patients, a risk score was calculated based on six selected m6A RNA methylation regulators (YTHDF1, RBM15, IGF2BP1, ZC3H13, METTL3, and FMR1). Additionally, we found significant differences between the high-risk and low-risk groups in serum marker study levels and histologic subtype. Univariate and multivariate analysis indicated that high risk score was associated with unfavorable PFS. Ultimately, the risk score was further verified by two gene expression profiles (GSE3218 and GSE10783). CONCLUSIONS: Based on six selected m6A RNA methylation regulators, we developed a m6A methylation related risk score that can independently predict the prognosis of TGCT patients, and verify the prediction efficiency in TCGA and GEO datasets. Patients in high-risk group were associated with serum tumor marker study levels beyond the normal limits, non-seminoma, and unfavorable survival time. However, further prospective experiments should be carried out to verify our results.

19.
Front Genet ; 12: 610291, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777092

RESUMO

Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) are common urological neoplasms in young adult males. The outcome of TGCT depends on pathologic type and tumor stage. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) influence numerous cancers via post-transcriptional regulation. The prognostic importance of RBPs in TGCT has not been fully investigated. In this study, we set up a prognostic risk model of TGCT using six significantly differentially expressed RBPs, namely, TRMT61A, POLR2J, DIS3L2, IFIH1, IGHMBP2, and NPM2. The expression profiles were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression datasets. We observed by performing least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analyses that in the training cohort, the expression of six RBPs was correlated with disease-free survival in patients with TGCT. We assessed the specificity and sensitivity of 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival status prediction using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and successfully validated using the test cohorts, the entire TCGA cohort, and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets. Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, and gene set enrichment analyses were carried out to seek the possible signaling pathways related with risk score. We also examined the association between the model based on six RBPs and different clinical characteristics. A nomogram was established for TGCT recurrence prediction. Consensus clustering analysis was carried out to identify the clusters of TGCT with different clinical outcomes. Ultimately, external validations of the six-gene risk score were performed by using the GSE3218 and GSE10783 datasets downloaded from the GEO database. In general, our study constructed a prognostic model based on six RBPs, which could serve as independent risk factor in TGCT, especially in seminoma, and might have brilliant clinical application value.

20.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 46, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: METTL14, as one of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) related genes, has been found to be associated with promoting tumorigenesis in different types of cancers. This study was aimed to investigate the prognostic value of METTL14 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). METHODS: We collected ccRCC patients' clinicopathological parameters information and 13 m6A related genes expression from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were conducted to investigate whether METTL14 could serve as an independent factor correlated with overall survival (OS). Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) was carried out to identify METTL14-related signaling pathways. Moreover, a risk score (RS) was calculated to predict the prognosis of ccRCC. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was also utilized to verify the expression of METTL14 in clinical specimens. RESULTS: Differently expressed m6A related genes were identified between ccRCC tissues and normal tissues. Therein, METTL14 was lowly expressed in ccRCC tissues and verified by qRT-PCR (all p < 0.01). Survival analysis indicated that high expression of METTL14 was associated with better OS (p = 1e-05). GSEA results revealed that high METTL14 expression was enriched in ERBB pathway, MAPK pathway, mTOR pathway, TGF-ß pathway and Wnt pathway. Moreover, METTL14 was proved to be an independent prognostic factor by means of univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Nomogram integrating both the METTL14 expression and clinicopathologic variables was also established to provide clinicians with a quantitative approach for predicting survival probabilities of ccRCC. Furthermore, a METTL14-based riskscore (RS) was developed with significant OS (p = 6.661e-16) and increased AUC of 0.856. Besides, significant correlated genes with METTL14 were also provided. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that METTL14 could serve as a favorable prognostic factor for ccRCC. Moreover, this study also provided a prognostic signature to predict prognosis of ccRCC and identified METTL14-related signaling pathways.

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