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1.
J Youth Adolesc ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665382

RESUMO

Although authoritative school climate-strict, yet fair enforcement of rules alongside strong adult support-is associated with lower rates of bullying victimization, less is known about whether it influences how negatively adolescents feel after being victimized at school. Further, it is unclear whether boys and girls respond differently to an authoritative climate. Identifying ways that schools can reduce negative feelings after being bullied is important given the long term psychological ramifications of bullying that, if left unaddressed, can extend into adulthood. To address these gaps, this study examined whether authoritative school climate related to how negatively adolescents felt about their schoolwork, relationships, physical health and self-perception after being bullied. Differences between boys and girls were also investigated. Analyses were conducting using national data from the 2017 School Crime Supplement on a sample of 1,331 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years (Mage = 14.3 years; 59% girls). Findings from a set of ordinal regression models with a robust set of student, parent and school controls demonstrated that adolescents in more supportive schools were less likely to report that bullying victimization negatively impacted their schoolwork and feelings about themselves. Similar results were found for girls but not boys. By investing in supportive school climates, schools can be potentially transformative places where adolescents, especially girls, can feel more positively about themselves despite being bullied.

2.
Am Psychol ; 76(4): 658-672, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410741

RESUMO

The overrepresentation of Asian Americans in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) occupations can render invisible the early experiences of Asian Americans in other fields. In this study, we provide a national and longitudinal portrait of the occupational expectations of Asian Americans (n = 2,340) in high school and their postsecondary years. Multinomial logistic regression models confirm Asian Americans hold high occupational expectations in STEM fields overall. However, longitudinal results also reveal high occupational expectations in arts and sports in Grade 9 that decrease and occupational expectations in business and management that begin low but increase after high school. These longitudinal trends are similar for other students but reveal career trajectories of Asian Americans that receive less attention among researchers. Results show little evidence of misalignment between Asian American occupational expectations and academic subject interests in high school. Gaps in occupational expectations between students categorized as English Learner (EL) and those who are not (non-EL) are also mostly attenuated when accounting for individual and parent backgrounds. The study has implications for supporting Asian American youth interested in non-STEM fields, complicating a characterization of Asian Americans as model minorities uniformly predisposed for STEM fields, and improving Asian American career visibility beyond STEM. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Arte , Americanos Asiáticos , Escolha da Profissão , Comércio , Ocupações , Esportes , Estudantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Americanos Asiáticos/psicologia , Engenharia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Matemática , Motivação , Pais/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Ciência , Estudantes/psicologia , Tecnologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol ; 27(3): 483-494, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719470

RESUMO

Objective: Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) on average report higher rates of racial discrimination and lower levels of English proficiency than other racial and ethnic groups. Less clear is how these factors may shape AAPIs' civic outcomes. The current study explored the roles of racial discrimination and English proficiency in AAPIs' civic satisfaction and civic engagement. Method: Using data from a quality-of-life survey of 2,463 AAPIs from five ethnic subgroups in a large southwestern city, we analyzed (a) whether racial discrimination was associated with lower civic satisfaction but higher civic engagement and (b) whether English proficiency is associated with higher civic satisfaction and civic engagement. Results: Multivariate regression results indicated that racial discrimination was associated with lower levels of civic satisfaction for four AAPI groups (Asian Indian, Korean, Filipino, and Vietnamese) but not with higher civic engagement. English proficiency was not consistently associated with civic satisfaction or engagement across AAPI groups. Conclusions: Examining racial discrimination along civic outcomes brings attention to an important dimension of AAPIs' well-being and lived experiences. Although English proficiency was not associated with civic engagement, the findings on racial discrimination have implications for civic programs, services, and policies that are important for promoting a more inclusive democracy. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Racismo , Americanos Asiáticos , Humanos , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos
4.
J Adolesc ; 37(6): 839-49, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25086460

RESUMO

The "model minority" perception of Asian American students often ignores the academic and social challenges that many face in schools. One area that has received less attention is the school victimization experiences of Asian American adolescents. While some qualitative researchers have explored factors contributing to school victimization in recent years, missing in the literature is the scope of these incidents among Asian Americans. This paper contributes to this literature by (1) examining national trends in the victimization of Asian American adolescents in schools over the last decade and (2) investigating how victimization varies according to their gender, socioeconomic status, and achievement levels. The results show that although Asian American adolescents are consistently less likely to be bullied relative to other students, they are more likely to report experiences of racial discrimination. Victimization incidents for Asian Americans also differ by gender and academic achievement levels.


Assuntos
Americanos Asiáticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Bullying , Preconceito , Adolescente , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
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