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1.
BMJ ; 368: l6775, 2020 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005673

RESUMO

The studyDambha-Miller H, Day AJ, Strelitz J, et al. Behaviour change, weight loss and remission of Type 2 diabetes: a community-based prospective cohort study. Diabet Med 2019. doi:10.1111/dme.14122This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 08/116/300) as well as the Wellcome Trust (grant number: G061895), the Epidemiology Unit programme (MC_UU_12015/4), and the National Health Service R&D support funding.To read the full NIHR Signal, go to: https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000841/weight-loss-after-type-2-diabetes-diagnosis-boosts-chance-of-remission.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Perda de Peso , Peso Corporal , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Medicina Estatal
2.
BMJ ; 368: l6768, 2020 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924664

RESUMO

The studyCabral C, Horwood J, Symonds J, et al. Understanding the influence of parent-clinician communication on antibiotic prescribing for children with respiratory tract infections in primary care: a qualitative observational study using a conversation analysis approach. BMC Fam Pract 2019;20:102.This project was funded by the NIHR School for Primary Care Research Programme (project number SPCR204).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to: https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000829/gps-assessment-not-parental-expectation-drives-antibiotic-prescribing.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Infecções Respiratórias , Criança , Humanos , Motivação , Pais , Atenção Primária à Saúde
3.
BMJ ; 368: l6779, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941696

RESUMO

The studyChappell LC, Brocklehurst P, Green ME, et al. Planned early delivery or expectant management for late preterm pre-eclampsia (PHOENIX): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2019;394:1181-90.This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 12/25/03).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to: https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000838/mothers-benefit-from-a-planned-earlier-delivery-for-late-pre-eclampsia.


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia , Nascimento Prematuro , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Gravidez , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Conduta Expectante
4.
BMJ ; 368: l6764, 2020 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900245

RESUMO

The studyCooper K, Breeman S, Scott NW, et al. Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy versus endometrial ablation for women with heavy menstrual bleeding (HEALTH): a parallel-group, open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2019;394:1425-36.The study was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 12/35/23).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to: https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000837/keyhole-hysterectomy-is-effective-for-women-with-heavy-menstrual-bleeding.

5.
BMJ ; 367: l4962, 2019 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685480

RESUMO

The studyEveritt H, Landau G, Little P. Therapist telephone-delivered CBT and web-based CBT compared with treatment as usual in refractory irritable bowel syndrome: the ACTIB three-arm RCT. Health Technol Assess 2019;23:1-154.This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 11/69/02).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000784/irritable-bowel-syndrome-helped-by-telephone-or-internet-cbt.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Humanos , Internet , Fonoterapia , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Telefone
6.
BMJ ; 367: l4993, 2019 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685481

RESUMO

The studyGilbert R, Brown M, Rainford N et al. Antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters for prevention of neonatal bloodstream infection (PREVAIL): an open-label, parallel-group, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019;3:381-90.The study was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme (project number 12/167/02).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000782/antimicrobial-central-venous-catheters-for-pre-term-babies-do-not-reduce-infections.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Bacteriemia , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Antibacterianos , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica
7.
BMJ ; 367: l5721, 2019 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704711

RESUMO

The studyCoomarasamy A, Devall AJ, Cheed V, et al. A randomised trial of progesterone in women with bleeding in early pregnancy N Engl J Med 2019;380:1815-24.This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 12/167/26).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000792/miscarriage-not-prevented-by-routine-use-of-progesterone.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Progesterona , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica
8.
BMJ ; 367: l5464, 2019 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712247

RESUMO

The studyLyttle MD, Rainford NEA, Gamble C, et al. Levetiracetam versus phenytoin for second-line treatment of paediatric convulsive status epilepticus (EcLiPSE): a multicentre, open-label, randomised trial. Lancet 2019;393:2125-34.This trial was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 12/127/134).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000790/levetiracetam-vs-phenytoin-in-stopping-childrens-prolonged-epileptic-seizures.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Estado Epiléptico , Criança , Humanos , Levetiracetam , Fenitoína , Convulsões
9.
BMJ ; 367: l5456, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575520

RESUMO

The studyTaylor RS, Walker S, Ciani O, et al. Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for chronic heart failure: the EXTRAMATCH II individual participant data meta-analysis. Health Technol Assess 2019;23:1-98.This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 15/80/30).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000803/cardiac-rehabilitation-for-heart-failure-can-improve-quality-of-life-and-fitness.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Exercício , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
10.
BMJ ; 367: l5462, 2019 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597637

RESUMO

The studyPeden CJ, Stephens T, Martin G et al. Effectiveness of a national quality improvement programme to improve survival after emergency abdominal surgery (EPOCH): a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial. Lancet 2019;393:2213-21.This project was funded by the NIHR Health Services and Delivery Research Programme (project number 12/5005/10).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000789/national-quality-improvement-programmes-need-time-and-resources-to-have-impact.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Tratamento de Emergência , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Doença Aguda , Análise por Conglomerados , Procedimentos Clínicos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/normas , Tratamento de Emergência/normas , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas
11.
BMJ ; 366: l5453, 2019 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562125

RESUMO

The studyTaylor S, Mallett S, Beare S et al. Diagnostic accuracy of whole-body MRI versus standard imaging pathways for metastatic disease in newly diagnosed colorectal cancer: the prospective Streamline C trial. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019;4:529-37.This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 10/68/01).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000797/identifying-metastatic-disease-in-colorectal-cancer-with-whole-body-mri.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Prospectivos , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica
12.
BMJ ; 366: l4915, 2019 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455630

RESUMO

The studyA Rodger, V Cambiano, T Bruun, et al. Risk of HIV transmission through condomless sex in serodifferent gay couples with the HIV-positive partner taking suppressive antiretroviral therapy (PARTNER): final results of a multicentre, prospective, observational study. Lancet 2019;393:2428-38.This project was funded by the NIHR Research for Patient Benefit Programme (project number PB-PG-1013-32069).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000785/antiretroviral-treatment-can-reduce-the-risk-of-hiv-transmission-between-male-partners-to-zero.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , HIV , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Parceiros Sexuais
13.
BMJ ; 366: l4920, 2019 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466942

RESUMO

The studyStory A, Aldridge R, Smith C, et al. Smartphone-enabled video-observed versus directly observed treatment for tuberculosis: a multicentre, analyst-blinded, randomised, controlled superiority trial. Lancet 2019;393:1216-24.The study was funded by the NIHR Programme Grants for Applied Research programme (project number RP-PG-0407-10340).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000777/smartphones-for-tb-treatment-observation.


Assuntos
Smartphone , Tuberculose , Humanos
14.
BMJ ; 366: l4912, 2019 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444168

RESUMO

The studyFeatherstone K, Northcott A, Harden J, et al. Refusal and resistance to care by people living with dementia being cared for within acute hospital wards: an ethnographic study. Health Serv Deliv Res 2019;7.This study was funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Services and Delivery Research Programme (project number 13/10/80).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000779/understanding-dementia-care-in-hospitals.


Assuntos
Demência/enfermagem , Demência/psicologia , Hospitalização , Cooperação do Paciente , Inglaterra , Humanos , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Medicina Estatal/normas , País de Gales
15.
BMJ ; 366: l4235, 2019 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292128

RESUMO

The studyGazzard G, Konstantakopoulou G, Garway-Heath E, et al. Selective laser trabeculoplasty versus eye drops for first-line treatment of ocular hypertension and glaucoma (LiGHT): a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2019; doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32213-XThis project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 09/104/40) and was sponsored by the Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust.To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000774/early-glaucoma-laser-eye-treatment-trabeculoplasty.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Hipertensão Ocular/cirurgia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Hipertensão Ocular/tratamento farmacológico , Soluções Oftálmicas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prostaglandinas Sintéticas/efeitos adversos , Prostaglandinas Sintéticas/uso terapêutico , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
BMJ ; 366: l4230, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266745

RESUMO

The studyFawsitt C, Thom H, Hunt L. Choice of prosthetic implant combinations in total hip replacement: cost-effectiveness analysis using UK and Swedish hip joint registries data. Value Health 2019;22:303-12.This study was funded by the NIHR Research for Patient Benefit Programme (project number PB-PG-0613-31032).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000771/a-traditional-hip-implant-is-as-effective-as-more-expensive-newer-types-for-older-people.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Desenho de Equipamento , Prótese de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reoperação , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cerâmica/uso terapêutico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Desenho de Equipamento/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento/normas , Feminino , Prótese de Quadril/classificação , Prótese de Quadril/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Polietileno/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido
17.
BMJ ; 365: l4223, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221622

RESUMO

The studyClare L, Kudlicka A, Oyebode J R, et al. Goal-oriented cognitive rehabilitation for early-stage Alzheimer's and related dementias: the GREAT RCT. Health Technol Assess 2019;23:1-242.The trial was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number11/15/04).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to: https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000767/goal-setting-in-early-stage-dementia-can-improve-function.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/economia , Disfunção Cognitiva/reabilitação , Demência/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Demência/economia , Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/reabilitação , Metas , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Autoeficácia , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
18.
BMJ ; 365: l2036, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076461

RESUMO

The studyHajek P, Phillips-Waller A, Przulj D, et al. A randomised trial of e-cigarettes versus nicotine-replacement therapy. N Engl J Med 2019;380:629-37.This trial was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (12/167/135) and by Cancer Research UK.To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000757/e-cigarettes-helped-more-smokers-quit-than-nicotine-replacement-therapy.


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Nicotina/uso terapêutico , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Dispositivos para o Abandono do Uso de Tabaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Fumantes/psicologia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMJ ; 364: l805, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824431

RESUMO

The studyRoberts L, McCahon D, Johnson O, Haque MS, Parle J, Hobbs FR. Stability of thyroid function in older adults: the Birmingham Elderly Thyroid Study. Published on 28 August 2018 Br J Gen Pract 2018;68:e718-26.This study was funded by the National Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research (SPCR).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to: https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000703/repeat-thyroid-function-tests-for-healthy-older-people-are-not-needed.


Assuntos
Testes de Função Tireóidea , Glândula Tireoide , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde
20.
BMJ ; 364: k4439, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877128

RESUMO

The studyA patient-centred intervention to improve the management of multimorbidity in general practice: the 3D RCT. Salisbury C, Man M-S, Chaplin K, et al.Published in Health Serv Deliv Res 2019;7(5).  This study was funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Services and Delivery Programme (project number 12/130/15).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to: https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000658/patient-centred-care-for-multimorbidity-improves-patient-experience-but-quality-of-life-is-unchanged.


Assuntos
Multimorbidade , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Análise Custo-Benefício/economia , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências
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