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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2121, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034258

RESUMO

We have previously designed a library of lentiviral vectors to generate somatic-transgenic rodents to monitor signalling pathways in diseased organs using whole-body bioluminescence imaging, in conscious, freely moving rodents. We have now expanded this technology to adeno-associated viral vectors. We first explored bio-distribution by assessing GFP expression after neonatal intravenous delivery of AAV8. We observed widespread gene expression in, central and peripheral nervous system, liver, kidney and skeletal muscle. Next, we selected a constitutive SFFV promoter and NFκB binding sequence for bioluminescence and biosensor evaluation. An intravenous injection of AAV8 containing firefly luciferase and eGFP under transcriptional control of either element resulted in strong and persistent widespread luciferase expression. A single dose of LPS-induced a 10-fold increase in luciferase expression in AAV8-NFκB mice and immunohistochemistry revealed GFP expression in cells of astrocytic and neuronal morphology. Importantly, whole-body bioluminescence persisted up to 240 days. We have validated a novel biosensor technology in an AAV system by using an NFκB response element and revealed its potential to monitor signalling pathway in a non-invasive manner in a model of LPS-induced inflammation. This technology complements existing germline-transgenic models and may be applicable to other rodent disease models.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 171, 2020 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949134

RESUMO

The optical detection of nanoparticles, including viruses and bacteria, underpins many of the biological, physical and engineering sciences. However, due to their low inherent scattering, detection of these particles remains challenging, requiring complex instrumentation involving extensive sample preparation methods, especially when sensing is performed in liquid media. Here we present an easy-to-use, high-throughput, label-free and cost-effective method for detecting nanoparticles in low volumes of liquids (25 nL) on a disposable chip, using an acoustically actuated lens-free holographic system. By creating an ultrasonic standing wave in the liquid sample, placed on a low-cost glass chip, we cause deformations in a thin liquid layer (850 nm) containing the target nanoparticles (≥140 nm), resulting in the creation of localized lens-like liquid menisci. We also show that the same acoustic waves, used to create the nanolenses, can mitigate against non-specific, adventitious nanoparticle binding, without the need for complex surface chemistries acting as blocking agents.

4.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; : 165681, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926264

RESUMO

Progress is being made in all aspects of Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL) research, resulting in many recent advances. These advances encompass several areas that were previously thought intractable, ranging from basic science, through to a better understanding of the clinical presentation of different forms of NCL, therapeutic development, and new clinical trials that are underway. Increasing numbers of original NCL research papers continue to be published, and this new sense of momentum is greatly encouraging for the field. Here, we make some predictions as to what we can anticipate in the next few years.

5.
Analyst ; 145(5): 1636-1640, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932825

RESUMO

Generating a soluble and native-like trimeric envelope glycoprotein (Env) with high efficacy as an immunogen has been a major focus for developing an effective vaccine against HIV-1. The Env immunogen is a heavily glycosylated protein composed of 3 identical surface gp120 and gp41 subunits that form into a trimer of heterodimers (3 × 28 N-glycan sites). During Env immunogen production, endogenous furin works to cleave a hexa-arginine motif connecting the gp120 and gp41 subunits, which is needed to ensure proper protein folding and a native-like conformation of Env. Verification of the overall identity and proteolytic cleavage of Env is therefore important for HIV-1 vaccine development and product quality. Herein, we report the first work using LC-MS to (1) achieve fast and accurate intact mass measurement of Env after deglycosylation and (2) confidently identify the furin cleavage sites.

6.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; : 165570, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678162

RESUMO

The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are a group of inherited neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), traditionally grouped together based on shared clinical symptoms. The recent emergence of new forms of NCL along with an improved understanding of endo-lysosomal system function have necessitated the reassessment of their classification and pathogenesis. Novel clinical findings, as well as observations in various animal models of NCL, have revealed significant pathological changes in regions outside the brain, as well as progression of disease along connected anatomical pathways. The characterization of animal models of NCLs has not only highlighted the vulnerability of certain neuron populations but has also revealed glial cells to be adversely affected and actively contribute to disease progression. While the lysosome has been thought of as being the 'waste-disposal' unit of the cell, recent evidence of the endo-lysosomal system playing a crucial role in nutrient sensing and cellular homeostasis have shown that NCL mutations have far-ranging effects on cellular functions including autophagy and synaptic dysfunction. The discovery of the machinery controlling endo-lysosomal function via transcription factor EB (TFEB) and mTORC1, have also shed light on potential mechanisms by which NCL mutations may exert their effect. While the NCLs share many common down-stream pathologies, there is a growing body of evidence for unique pathogenic pathways in each form. In light of the rapid advances in therapeutic strategies for the NCLs and LSDs, these new lessons learnt about unique NCL pathomechanisms will be key for informing the targeting, timing and strategies for future treatments.

7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5351, 2019 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767858

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulatory molecules that are implicated in cellular physiology and pathology. In this work, we dissect the functional role of the HOXB-AS3 lncRNA in patients with NPM1-mutated (NPM1mut) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We show that HOXB-AS3 regulates the proliferative capacity of NPM1mut AML blasts in vitro and in vivo. HOXB-AS3 is shown to interact with the ErbB3-binding protein 1 (EBP1) and guide EBP1 to the ribosomal DNA locus. Via this mechanism, HOXB-AS3 regulates ribosomal RNA transcription and de novo protein synthesis. We propose that in the context of NPM1 mutations, HOXB-AS3 overexpression acts as a compensatory mechanism, which allows adequate protein production in leukemic blasts.

8.
Microsyst Nanoeng ; 5: 37, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636927

RESUMO

The specific and multiplexed detection of DNA underpins many analytical methods, including the detection of microorganisms that are important in the medical, veterinary, and environmental sciences. To achieve such measurements generally requires enzyme-mediated amplification of the low concentrations of the target nucleic acid sequences present, together with the precise control of temperature, as well as the use of enzyme-compatible reagents. This inevitably leads to compromises between analytical performance and the complexity of the assay. The hybridization chain reaction (HCR) provides an attractive alternative, as a route to enzyme-free DNA amplification. To date, the linear nucleic acid products, produced during amplification, have not enabled the development of efficient multiplexing strategies, nor the use of label-free analysis. Here, we show that by designing new DNA nanoconstructs, we are able, for the first time, to increase the molecular dimensionality of HCR products, creating highly branched amplification products, which can be readily detected on label-free sensors. To show that this new, branching HCR system offers a route for enzyme-free, label-free DNA detection, we demonstrate the multiplexed detection of a target sequence (as the initiator) in whole blood. In the future, this technology will enable rapid point-of-care multiplexed clinical analysis or in-the-field environmental monitoring.

9.
Front Neurol ; 10: 963, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572287

RESUMO

Batten disease, or juvenile NCL, is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder that occurs due to mutations in the CLN3 gene. Because the function of CLN3 remains unclear, experimental therapies for JNCL have largely concentrated upon the targeting of downstream pathomechanisms. Neuron loss is preceded by localized glial activation, and in this proof-of-concept study we have investigated whether targeting this innate immune response with ibuprofen in combination with the neuroprotective agent lamotrigine improves the previously documented beneficial effects of immunosuppressants alone. Drugs were administered daily to symptomatic Cln3 -/- mice over a 3 month period, starting at 6 months of age, and their impact was assessed using both behavioral and neuropathological outcome measures. During the treatment period, the combination of ibuprofen and lamotrigine significantly improved the performance of Cln3 -/- mice on the vertical pole test, slowing the disease-associated decline, but had less of an impact upon their rotarod performance. There were also moderate and regionally dependent effects upon astrocyte activation that were most pronounced for ibuprofen alone, but there was no overt effect upon microglial activation. Administering such treatments for longer periods will enable testing for any impact upon the neuron loss that occurs later in disease progression. Given the partial efficacy of these treatments, it will be important to test further drugs of this type in order to find more effective combinations.

10.
Elife ; 82019 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577229

RESUMO

The functions of FGF receptors (FGFRs) in early development of the cerebral cortex are well established. Their functions in the migration of neocortical projection neurons, however, are unclear. We have found that FGFRs regulate multipolar neuron orientation and the morphological change into bipolar cells necessary to enter the cortical plate. Mechanistically, our results suggest that FGFRs are activated by N-Cadherin. N-Cadherin cell-autonomously binds FGFRs and inhibits FGFR K27- and K29-linked polyubiquitination and lysosomal degradation. Accordingly, FGFRs accumulate and stimulate prolonged Erk1/2 phosphorylation. Neurons inhibited for Erk1/2 are stalled in the multipolar zone. Moreover, Reelin, a secreted protein regulating neuronal positioning, prevents FGFR degradation through N-Cadherin, causing Erk1/2 phosphorylation. These findings reveal novel functions for FGFRs in cortical projection neuron migration, suggest a physiological role for FGFR and N-Cadherin interaction in vivo and identify Reelin as an extracellular upstream regulator and Erk1/2 as downstream effectors of FGFRs during neuron migration.


Assuntos
Caderinas/metabolismo , Neocórtex/embriologia , Neurogênese , Neurônios/metabolismo , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Animais , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Camundongos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo
11.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 30(12): 2576-2579, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595432

RESUMO

A hemagglutinin stabilized stem nanoparticle (HA-SS-np) that is designed to provide broad protection against influenza is being developed as a potential vaccine. During an early formulation screening study, reducing gel (rCGE) analysis indicated product degradation in a few candidate buffers at the first-week accelerated stability point, whereas no change was shown in the size exclusion chromatography (SEC) measurement. A LC-MS workflow was therefore applied to investigate the integrity of this large HA-SS-np vaccine molecule (≈ 1 MDa). Application of LC-MS was critical to rationalize the conflicting results from the rCGE and SEC assays and led to the discovery that (1) an unexpected sequence clipping in the HA-SS-np subunits occurred, explaining the atypical reducing gel profile, and (2) an undisrupted disulfide bond held the two fragments together, explaining the unchanged SEC profile. This analytical case study led to a formulation buffer redesign, which mitigated the issue.

12.
ACS Nano ; 13(10): 11062-11069, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490647

RESUMO

We present a method for the computational image analysis of high frequency guided sound waves based upon the measurement of optical interference fringes, produced at the air interface of a thin film of liquid. These acoustic actuations induce an affine deformation of the liquid, creating a lensing effect that can be readily observed using a simple imaging system. We exploit this effect to measure and analyze the spatiotemporal behavior of the thin liquid film as the acoustic wave interacts with it. We also show that, by investigating the dynamics of the relaxation processes of these deformations when actuation ceases, we are able to determine the liquid's viscosity using just a lens-free imaging system and a simple disposable biochip. Contrary to all other acoustic-based techniques in rheology, our measurements do not require monitoring of the wave parameters to obtain quantitative values for fluid viscosities, for sample volumes as low as 200 pL. We envisage that the proposed methods could enable high throughput, chip-based, reagent-free rheological studies within very small samples.

13.
Science ; 365(6452): 505-509, 2019 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371616

RESUMO

Technologies that define the atomic-level structure of neutralization-sensitive epitopes on viral surface proteins are transforming vaccinology and guiding new vaccine development approaches. Previously, iterative rounds of protein engineering were performed to preserve the prefusion conformation of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) fusion (F) glycoprotein, resulting in a stabilized subunit vaccine candidate (DS-Cav1), which showed promising results in mice and macaques. Here, phase I human immunogenicity data reveal a more than 10-fold boost in neutralizing activity in serum from antibodies targeting prefusion-specific surfaces of RSV F. These findings represent a clinical proof of concept for structure-based vaccine design, suggest that development of a successful RSV vaccine will be feasible, and portend an era of precision vaccinology.


Assuntos
Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Vírus Sincicial Respiratório/química , Vacinas contra Vírus Sincicial Respiratório/imunologia , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/imunologia , Proteínas Virais de Fusão/química , Proteínas Virais de Fusão/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Mapeamento de Epitopos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
14.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 411(23): 6111-6118, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367804

RESUMO

Application of a protease inhibitor, 4-(2-aminoethyl) benzenesulfonyl fluoride (AEBSF), during the cell culture process was demonstrated to effectively reduce proteolytic activity at a specific amino acid site during the production of an HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibody (bNAb). However, the addition of AEBSF could potentially introduce some modifications to the bNAb protein. Experimental design from sample preparation to LC-MS characterization was performed using middle-up and bottom-up approaches to identify AEBSF-modified species for the bNAb using an AEBSF supplementation in the cell culture media. Modified species along with the unmodified control sample were also subjected to binding activity assessment. The results showed that two amino acids (Tyr177 and Lys250) were susceptible to AEBSF modification in the bNAb test articles but at a negligible level and not in the CDR regions, which therefore did not reduce the in vitro binding activity of the bNAb.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Anti-HIV/imunologia , HIV-1/imunologia , Imunoconjugados/imunologia , Inibidores de Proteases/imunologia , Sulfonas/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/química , Anticorpos Anti-HIV/química , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/química , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Sulfonas/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
15.
Am J Sports Med ; 47(10): 2394-2401, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are a valid measure of results after revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Revision ACL reconstruction has been documented to have worse outcomes when compared with primary ACL reconstruction. Understanding positive and negative predictors of PROs will allow surgeons to modify and potentially improve outcome for patients. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose was to describe PROs after revision ACL reconstruction and test the hypothesis that patient- and technique-specific variables are associated with these outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Patients undergoing revision ACL reconstruction were identified and prospectively enrolled by 83 surgeons over 52 sites. Data included baseline demographics, surgical technique and pathology, and a series of validated PRO instruments: International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and Marx Activity Rating Scale. Patients were followed up at 2 years and asked to complete the identical set of outcome instruments. Multivariate regression models were used to control for a variety of demographic and surgical factors to determine the positive and negative predictors of PRO scores at 2 years after revision surgery. RESULTS: A total of 1205 patients met the inclusion criteria and were successfully enrolled: 697 (58%) were male, with a median cohort age of 26 years. The median time since their most recent previous ACL reconstruction was 3.4 years. Two-year questionnaire follow-up was obtained from 989 patients (82%). The most significant positive predictors of 2-year IKDC scores were a high baseline IKDC score, high baseline Marx activity level, male sex, and having a longer time since the most recent previous ACL reconstruction, while negative predictors included having a lateral meniscectomy before the revision ACL reconstruction or having grade 3/4 chondrosis in either the trochlear groove or the medial tibial plateau at the time of the revision surgery. For KOOS, having a high baseline score and having a longer time between the most recent previous ACL reconstruction and revision surgery were significant positive predictors for having a better (ie, higher) 2-year KOOS, while having a lateral meniscectomy before the revision ACL reconstruction was a consistent predictor for having a significantly worse (ie, lower) 2-year KOOS. Statistically significant positive predictors for 2-year Marx activity levels included higher baseline Marx activity levels, younger age, male sex, and being a nonsmoker. Negative 2-year activity level predictors included having an allograft or a biologic enhancement at the time of revision surgery. CONCLUSION: PROs after revision ACL reconstruction are associated with a variety of patient- and surgeon-related variables. Understanding positive and negative predictors of PROs will allow surgeons to guide patient expectations as well as potentially improve outcomes.

16.
Immunity ; 51(1): 119-130.e5, 2019 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231034

RESUMO

Tissue-resident macrophages require specific milieus for the maintenance of defining gene-expression programs. Expression of the transcription factor GATA6 is required for the homeostasis, function and localization of peritoneal cavity-resident macrophages. Gata6 expression is maintained in a non-cell autonomous manner and is elicited by the vitamin A metabolite, retinoic acid. Here, we found that the GATA6 transcriptional program is a common feature of macrophages residing in all visceral body cavities. Retinoic acid-dependent and -independent hallmark genes of GATA6+ macrophages were induced by mesothelial and fibroblastic stromal cells that express the transcription factor Wilms' Tumor 1 (WT1), which drives the expression of two rate-limiting enzymes in retinol metabolism. Depletion of Wt1+ stromal cells reduced the frequency of GATA6+ macrophages in the peritoneal, pleural and pericardial cavities. Thus, Wt1+ mesothelial and fibroblastic stromal cells constitute essential niche components supporting the tissue-specifying transcriptional landscape and homeostasis of cavity-resident macrophages.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição GATA6/metabolismo , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Pericárdio/imunologia , Cavidade Peritoneal/fisiologia , Cavidade Pleural/imunologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Células Estromais/fisiologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Fator de Transcrição GATA6/genética , Homeostase , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Tretinoína/metabolismo
17.
Am J Sports Med ; 47(9): 2056-2066, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) revision cohorts continually report lower outcome scores on validated knee questionnaires than primary ACL cohorts at similar time points after surgery. It is unclear how these outcomes are associated with physical activity after physician clearance for return to recreational or competitive sports after ACL revision surgery. HYPOTHESES: Participants who return to either multiple sports or a singular sport after revision ACL surgery will report decreased knee symptoms, increased activity level, and improved knee function as measured by validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and compared with no sports participation. Multisport participation as compared with singular sport participation will result in similar increased PROMs and activity level. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A total of 1205 patients who underwent revision ACL reconstruction were enrolled by 83 surgeons at 52 clinical sites. At the time of revision, baseline data collected included the following: demographics, surgical characteristics, previous knee treatment and PROMs, the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) questionnaire, Marx activity score, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). A series of multivariate regression models were used to evaluate the association of IKDC, KOOS, WOMAC, and Marx Activity Rating Scale scores at 2 years after revision surgery by sports participation category, controlling for known significant covariates. RESULTS: Two-year follow-up was obtained on 82% (986 of 1205) of the original cohort. Patients who reported not participating in sports after revision surgery had lower median PROMs both at baseline and at 2 years as compared with patients who participated in either a single sport or multiple sports. Significant differences were found in the change of scores among groups on the IKDC (P < .0001), KOOS-Symptoms (P = .01), KOOS-Sports and Recreation (P = .04), and KOOS-Quality of Life (P < .0001). Patients with no sports participation were 2.0 to 5.7 times more likely than multiple-sport participants to report significantly lower PROMs, depending on the specific outcome measure assessed, and 1.8 to 3.8 times more likely than single-sport participants (except for WOMAC-Stiffness, P = .18), after controlling for known covariates. CONCLUSION: Participation in either a single sport or multiple sports in the 2 years after ACL revision surgery was found to be significantly associated with higher PROMs across multiple validated self-reported assessment tools. During follow-up appointments, surgeons should continue to expect that patients who report returning to physical activity after surgery will self-report better functional outcomes, regardless of baseline activity levels.

18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9139, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235852

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease with respect to its genetic and molecular basis and to patients´ outcome. Clinical, cytogenetic, and mutational data are used to classify patients into risk groups with different survival, however, within-group heterogeneity is still an issue. Here, we used a robust likelihood-based survival modeling approach and publicly available gene expression data to identify a minimal number of genes whose combined expression values were prognostic of overall survival. The resulting gene expression signature (4-GES) consisted of 4 genes (SOCS2, IL2RA, NPDC1, PHGDH), predicted patient survival as an independent prognostic parameter in several cohorts of AML patients (total, 1272 patients), and further refined prognostication based on the European Leukemia Net classification. An oncogenic role of the top scoring gene in this signature, SOCS2, was investigated using MLL-AF9 and Flt3-ITD/NPM1c driven mouse models of AML. SOCS2 promoted leukemogenesis as well as the abundance, quiescence, and activity of AML stem cells. Overall, the 4-GES represents a highly discriminating prognostic parameter in AML, whose clinical applicability is greatly enhanced by its small number of genes. The newly established role of SOCS2 in leukemia aggressiveness and stemness raises the possibility that the signature might even be exploitable therapeutically.

19.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 30(9): 1663-1678, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111416

RESUMO

Characterization of HIV Env glycoprotein with 28 glycosylation sites is the essential step of structure-based vaccine design programs. A comprehensive LC-MS/MS peptide mapping analysis was applied to assess the primary sequence, glycosylation profiles, and glycosite occupancy of Env to ensure the adequate mimicking of the native immunogen. Another structural feature was reported, related to its cleaved subunits within the trimeric assembly. We bring attention to the importance of thorough inspection of the results generated by the informatics tools which are currently available for the biopharmaceutical characterization. The complexity of Env translates into a vast amount of data with occasional information gaps that could not possibly be filled by means of the automatic data analysis. A series of data validation steps was applied, followed by the illustrations on how the high-quality results may be misinterpreted. It was shown that the glycan sites can only be characterized to a certain limit, and that any claim of full structural characterization of this molecule beyond these limits should be treated with caution. Following the result verification, the percent glycan occupancy was reported for 25 N-glycan sites, including 3 critical antibody-recognition sites. The exact glycan profiles were provided for 20 individual sites, whereas only the glycosylation type could be deduced for 5 sites, dictated by their location within Env sequence. The distribution of the unprocessed high mannose-type glycans correlated with the expected "mannose patch." Experimental procedure optimization and a workflow for glycan characterization with a focus on stringent data testing are presented in the current study.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Produtos do Gene env do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/química , Animais , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Glicosilação , HIV-1/química , Manose/química , Polissacarídeos/análise , Polissacarídeos/química
20.
Vaccine ; 37(24): 3142-3145, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060952

RESUMO

An efficient and specific liquid chromatography (LC)-based assay was developed to monitor the production of recombinant HIV-1 trimeric envelope glycoprotein (HIV Env trimer), a candidate vaccine for HIV-1 infection, in cell culture media to support scale-up process development. In this method, titer measurement was achieved by coupling a weak anion exchange chromatography (IEC) column with a size exclusion chromatography (SEC) column. This assay was specific, accurate, precise, and has been qualified for its intended purpose, with a limit of quantification (LOQ) of 10 µg/mL. This tandem separation strategy offered a reliable and timely analytical support to directly monitor the titer of HIV Env trimer during cell growth, without any extra sample purification steps.

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