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1.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212266

RESUMO

In humans, histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is an aggressive cancer involving histiocytes. Its rarity and heterogeneity explain that treatment remains a challenge. Sharing high clinical and histopathological similarities with human HS, the canine HS is conversely frequent in specific breeds and thus constitutes a unique spontaneous model for human HS to decipher the genetic bases and to explore therapeutic options. We identified sequence alterations in the MAPK pathway in at least 63.9% (71/111) of HS cases with mutually exclusive BRAF (0.9%; 1/111), KRAS (7.2%; 8/111) and PTPN11 (56.75%; 63/111) mutations concentrated at hotspots common to human cancers. Recurrent PTPN11 mutations are associated to visceral disseminated HS subtype in dogs, the most aggressive clinical presentation. We then identified PTPN11 mutations in 3/19 (15.7%) human HS patients. Thus, we propose PTPN11 mutations as key events for a specific subset of human and canine HS: the visceral disseminated form. Finally, by testing drugs targeting the MAPK pathway in eight canine HS cell lines, we identified a better anti-proliferation activity of MEK inhibitors than PTPN11 inhibitors in canine HS neoplastic cells. In combination, these results illustrate the relevance of naturally affected dogs in deciphering genetic mechanisms and selecting efficient targeted therapies for such rare and aggressive cancers in humans. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030731

RESUMO

Composite and sequential lymphomas involving both classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) are rare phenomena. Beyond the relevant biological interest raised by these cases, treatments and outcome data are poorly covered in the recent literature. This retrospective analysis describes the pathological and clinical characteristics of 10 composite and 15 sequential cases included after a central pathological review. At diagnosis, 70% of the composite lymphomas presented a disseminated and extranodal disease. Among the 15 sequential lymphomas, 12 were CHL at first occurrence and three were PMBCL. Based on their clinical evolution, these sequential lymphomas could be divided into early (i.e., diagnosis of second lymphoma within a year) and late [(i.e., a second lymphoma occurrence occurring after a long period of complete remission]). All composite cases were alive in complete remission after a median follow-up of 34 months. If the early sequential lymphoma presented a particularly poor outcome with a median overall survival shorter than one year, the late cases were efficiently salvaged. Further molecular studies are needed to describe the underlying biology of these rare diseases, possibly representing the extreme of tumour cell plasticity found in grey-zone lymphoma.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 61(3): 582-587, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694428

RESUMO

Primary colonic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma accounts for less than 0.5% of all colon cancers. We report 9 cases of colonic MALT lymphomas (median follow up: 9 [IQR 1-26] years). The disease was multi-focal in 4 patients: the most frequent sites were the cecum in 4 and the rectum in 3 patients. The main endoscopic finding was a polypoid lesion. The treatment modalities were rituximab +/- an alkylating agent (n = 5), an alkylating agent alone (n = 2), surgical resection (n = 1), and endoscopic resection (n = 1). Remission was achieved in 8 cases. Three patients relapsed, and 2 were re-treated. At the end of the study period, 67% of the patients were in remission. All patients were symptom-free. This current series of colonic MALT lymphomas shows the indolent nature of the disease, which may be treated with various modalities.

4.
Hepatology ; 71(1): 164-182, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206197

RESUMO

To date, genomic analyses of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have been limited to early stages obtained from liver resection. We aim to describe the genomic profiling of HCC from early to advanced stages. We analyzed 801 HCC from 720 patients (410 resections, 137 transplantations, 122 percutaneous ablations, and 52 noncurative) for 190 gene expressions and for 31 gene mutations. Forty-one advanced HCC and 156 whole exome of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) 0/A were analyzed by whole-exome sequencing. Genomic profiling was correlated with tumor stages, clinical features, and survival. Our cohort included patients classified in BCLC stage 0 (9.4%), A (59.5%), B (16.2%), and C (14.9%). Among the overall 801 HCC, the most frequently mutated genes were telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) (58.1%), catenin beta 1 (CTNNB1) (30.7%), tumor protein 53 (TP53; 18.7%), AT-rich interaction domain 1A (ARID1A) (13%), albumin (11.4%), apolipoprotein B (APOB) (9.4%), and AXIN1 (9.2%). Advanced-stage HCC (BCLC B/C) showed higher frequencies of splicing factor 3b subunit 1 (SF3B1) (P = 0.0003), TP53 (P = 0.0006), and RB Transcriptional Corepressor 1 mutations (P = 0.03). G1-G6 transcriptomic classification and the molecular prognostic 5-gene score showed different distributions according to the stage of the disease and the type of treatment with an enrichment of G3 (P < 0.0001), poor prognostic score (P < 0.0001), and increased proliferation and dedifferentiation at the transcriptomic level in advanced HCC. The 5-gene score predicted survival in patients treated by resection (P < 0.0001) and ablation (P = 0.01) and in advanced HCC (P = 0.04). Twenty-two percent of advanced HCC harbored potentially druggable genetic alterations, and MET amplification was associated with complete tumor response in patients with advanced HCC treated by a specific MET inhibitor. Conclusion: Genomic analysis across the different stages of HCC revealed the mechanisms of tumor progression and helped to identify biomarkers of response to targeted therapies.

5.
Blood ; 134(Supplement_1): 21, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724008

RESUMO

DISCLOSURES: Sarkozy: Takeda: Research Funding. Salles:Merck: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis, Servier, AbbVie, Karyopharm, Kite, MorphoSys: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Educational events; Autolus: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Educational events; Epizyme: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria, Other: Educational events; Roche, Janssen, Gilead, Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Educational events. Savage:BMS, Merck, Novartis, Verastem, Abbvie, Servier, and Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria; Seattle Genetics, Inc.: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Scott:Celgene: Consultancy; Roche/Genentech: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; NanoString: Patents & Royalties: Named inventor on a patent licensed to NanoSting [Institution], Research Funding. Steidl:Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy; Tioma: Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Nanostring: Patents & Royalties: Filed patent on behalf of BC Cancer; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy.

6.
EBioMedicine ; 48: 58-69, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gene expression profiling (GEP), next-generation sequencing (NGS) and copy number variation (CNV) analysis have led to an increasingly detailed characterization of the genomic profiles of DLBCL. The aim of this study was to perform a fully integrated analysis of mutational, genomic, and expression profiles to refine DLBCL subtypes. A comparison of our model with two recently published integrative DLBCL classifiers was carried out, in order to best reflect the current state of genomic subtypes. METHODS: 223 patients with de novo DLBCL from the prospective, multicenter and randomized LNH-03B LYSA clinical trials were included. GEP data was obtained using Affymetrix GeneChip arrays, mutational profiles were established by Lymphopanel NGS targeting 34 key genes, CNV analysis was obtained by array CGH, and FISH and IHC were performed. Unsupervised independent component analysis (ICA) was applied to GEP data and integrated analysis of multi-level molecular data associated with each component (gene signature) was performed. FINDINGS: ICA identified 38 components reflecting transcriptomic variability across our DLBCL cohort. Many of the components were closely related to well-known DLBCL features such as cell-of-origin, stromal and MYC signatures. A component linked to gain of 19q13 locus, among other genomic alterations, was significantly correlated with poor OS and PFS. Through this integrated analysis, a high degree of heterogeneity was highlighted among previously described DLBCL subtypes. INTERPRETATION: The results of this integrated analysis enable a global and multi-level view of DLBCL, as well as improve our understanding of DLBCL subgroups.

7.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(35): 3359-3368, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498031

RESUMO

PURPOSE: MYC rearrangement (MYC-R) occurs in approximately 10% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) and has been associated with poor prognosis in many studies. The impact of MYC-R on prognosis may be influenced by the MYC partner gene (immunoglobulin [IG] or a non-IG gene). We evaluated a large cohort of patients through the Lunenburg Lymphoma Biomarker Consortium to validate the prognostic significance of MYC-R (single-, double-, and triple-hit status) in DLBCL within the context of the MYC partner gene. METHODS: The study cohort included patients with histologically confirmed DLBCL morphology derived from large prospective trials and patient registries in Europe and North America who were uniformly treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone therapy or the like. Fluorescence in situ hybridization for the MYC, BCL2, BCL6, and IG heavy and light chain loci was used, and results were correlated with clinical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 5,117 patients were identified of whom 2,383 (47%) had biopsy material available to assess for MYC-R. MYC-R was present in 264 (11%) of 2,383 patients and was associated with a significantly shorter progression-free and overall survival, with a strong time-dependent effect within the first 24 months after diagnosis. The adverse prognostic impact of MYC-R was only evident in patients with a concurrent rearrangement of BCL2 and/or BCL6 and an IG partner (hazard ratio, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.6 to 3.6; P < .001). CONCLUSION: The negative prognostic impact of MYC-R in DLBCL is largely observed in patients with MYC double hit/triple-hit disease in which MYC is translocated to an IG partner, and this effect is restricted to the first 2 years after diagnosis. Our results suggest that diagnostic strategies should be adopted to identify this high-risk cohort, and risk-adjusted therapeutic approaches should be refined further.

8.
Haematologica ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488561

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma comprises a heterogeneous group of mature non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Their diagnosis is challenging, with up to 30% of cases remaining unclassifiable and referred to as "not otherwise specified". We developed a reverse transcriptase-multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification gene expression profiling assay to differentiate the main T-cell lymphoma entities and to study the heterogeneity of the "not specified" category. The test evaluates the expression of 20 genes, including 17 markers relevant to T-cell immunology and lymphoma biopathology, one EBV-related transcript, and variants of RHOA (G17V) and IDH2 (R172K/T). By unsupervised hierarchical clustering, our assay accurately identified 21/21 ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphomas, 16/16 extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, 6/6 hepatosplenic T-cell lymphomas, and 13/13 adult T-cell leukemia/lymphomas. ALK-negative anaplastic lymphomas (n=34) segregated into one cytotoxic cluster (n=10) and one non-cytotoxic cluster expressing Th2 markers (n=24) and enriched in DUSP22-rearranged cases. The 63 TFH-derived lymphomas divided in two subgroups according to a predominant TFH (n=50) or an enrichment in Th2 (n=13) signatures. We next developed a support vector machine predictor which attributed a molecular class to 27/77 not specified T-cell lymphomas: 17 TFH, 5 cytotoxic ALK-negative anaplastic, and 5 NK/T-cell lymphomas. Among the remaining cases, we identified two cell-of-origin subgroups corresponding to cytotoxic/Th1 (n=19) and Th2 (n=24) signatures. A reproducibility test on 40 cases yielded a 90% concordance between 3 independent laboratories. This study demonstrates the applicability of a simple gene expression assay for the classification of peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Its applicability to routinely-fixed samples makes it an attractive adjunct in diagnostic practice.

9.
J Clin Med ; 8(6)2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200531

RESUMO

Gastric MALT lymphoma (GML) is directly caused by Helicobacter pylori infection but occurs only in a small number of infected subjects. Mechanisms underlying the initiation and progression of GML remain unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that are now considered as major players in inflammation and carcinogenesis, acting as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. Previous laboratory studies have shown in a GML mouse model that overexpression of a distinct set of five miRNAs (miR-21a, miR-135b, miR-142a, miR-150, miR-155) could play a critical role in the pathogenesis of GML. Our goal was to compare the miRNA expression profile obtained in the GML mouse model to that in human GML (11 cases of GML compared to 17 cases of gastritis control population). RTqPCR on the five dysregulated miRNAs in the GML mouse model and PCR array followed by RTqPCR confirmation showed that four miRNAs were up-regulated (miR-150, miR-155, miR-196a, miR-138) and two miRNAs down-regulated (miR-153, miR-7) in the stomachs of GML patients vs. gastritis control population. The analysis of their validated targets allowed us to postulate that these miRNAs (except miR-138) could act synergistically in a common signaling cascade promoting lymphomagenesis and could be involved in the pathogenesis of GML.

10.
Cell Metab ; 29(6): 1243-1257.e10, 2019 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30827861

RESUMO

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous disease treated with anti-CD20-based immuno-chemotherapy (R-CHOP). We identified that low levels of GAPDH predict a poor response to R-CHOP treatment. Importantly, we demonstrated that GAPDHlow lymphomas use OxPhos metabolism and rely on mTORC1 signaling and glutaminolysis. Consistently, disruptors of OxPhos metabolism (phenformin) or glutaminolysis (L-asparaginase) induce cytotoxic responses in GAPDHlow B cells and improve GAPDHlow B cell-lymphoma-bearing mice survival, while they are low or not efficient on GAPDHhigh B cell lymphomas. Ultimately, we selected four GAPDHlow DLBCL patients, who were refractory to all anti-CD20-based therapies, and targeted DLBCL metabolism using L-asparaginase (K), mTOR inhibitor (T), and metformin (M) (called KTM therapy). Three out of the four patients presented a complete response upon one cycle of KTM. These findings establish that the GAPDH expression level predicts DLBCL patients' response to R-CHOP treatment and their sensitivity to specific metabolic inhibitors.

11.
Transl Oncol ; 12(5): 784-787, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30909092

RESUMO

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement is reported in 3% to 8% of patients with lung adenocarcinoma and can be detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) or indirectly by immunohistochemistry. In FISH assay, isolated 5' signal (loss of 3' signal) is usually considered negative. We report three young nonsmoking patients with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma. Strong ALK expression in tumor cells detected by immunohistochemistry was observed in all cases, but FISH revealed an isolated 5' signal pattern. Massive parallel "next-generation" sequencing was performed in two patients and confirmed ALK rearrangement. The three patients were treated and responded to crizotinib after 14, 10, and 31 months.

12.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 43(3): 341-351, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540571

RESUMO

Gray-zone lymphoma (GZL) with features intermediate between classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) was introduced as a provisional entity into the World Health Organization classification in 2008. However, as diagnostic criteria are imprecise, reliable identification of GZL cases remains challenging. Here, we describe the histopathologic features of 139 GZL cases from a retrospective Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) study with the goal to improve classification accuracy. Inclusion criteria were based on literature review and an expert consensus opinion of the LYSA hematopathologist panel. We observed 86 cases with a morphology more closely related to cHL, but with an LBCL immunophenotype based on strong and homogenous B-cell marker expression (CD20 and/or CD79a, OCT2, BOB1, PAX5) on all tumor cells (cHL-like GZL). Fifty-three cases were morphologically more closely related to LBCL but harbored a cHL immunophenotype (LBCL-like GZL). Importantly, we observed a continuous morphologic and immunophenotypic spectrum within these 2 GZL categories. The majority of cases presented genetic immune escape features with CD274/PDCD1LG2 and/or CIITA structural variants by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Patients without mediastinal involvement at diagnosis (17%) were older than those with mediastinal tumors (median: 56 vs. 39 y). Cases associated with Epstein-Barr virus (24%) presented with similar patient characteristics and outcome as Epstein-Barr virus negative cases. In summary, we provide refined diagnostic criteria that contribute to a more precise pathologic and clinical characterization of GZL within a broad spectrum from cHL-like to LBCL-like disease.


Assuntos
Linfoma/classificação , Linfoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 43(1): 110-120, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30211726

RESUMO

Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) is a mature large B-cell lymphoma of putative thymic B-cell origin involving the mediastinum with younger age distribution and better prognosis than diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), not otherwise specified. Recently, based on gene expression profile analysis and morphologic findings, cases of PMBL without mediastinal involvement have been reported. In this study, we analyzed 3 cases of nodal DLBCL with morphologic features of PMBL presenting in submandibular or supraclavicular lymph nodes, in middle-aged to elderly patients, 2 of them without clinical or radiologic evidence of mediastinal involvement. The 3 patients presented with stage I/II disease and had excellent response to R-CHOP/R-EPOCH therapy. The 3 cases showed MAL expression and were positive for CD23 and/or CD30. All 3 cases expressed cyclin D1 with copy number gains of CCND1 gene but without rearrangement. There was no rearrangement of CIITA or PDL1/PDL2. Reverse transcriptase-multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, a mRNA-based gene expression profile analysis revealed high probability of PMBL (87.6%, 98.7%, and 99%) in these 3 cases. Targeted next-generation sequencing analysis showed SOCS1 mutations in the 3 cases, and TNFAIP3 and XPO1 mutations in one, further supporting the diagnosis of PMBL. In conclusion, we report 3 cases of nodal PMBL, 2 of them without mediastinal mass, and expression of cyclin D1 due to copy number gains of CCND1 gene, a diagnostic pitfall with mantle cell lymphoma and DLBCL, not otherwise specified.


Assuntos
Ciclina D1/genética , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
J Mol Diagn ; 20(5): 677-685, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29981867

RESUMO

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a peripheral T-cell lymphoma associated with chemoresistance and a poor prognosis. Various nonsynonymous mutations in the R172 residue of IDH2 are present in 20% to 30% of AITL patients. In addition to their diagnostic value, these mutations are potentially targetable, especially by isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 2 inhibitor, and therefore their identification in a routine setting is clinically relevant. However, in AITL, the neoplastic cells may be scarce, making the identification of molecular anomalies difficult. We evaluated the diagnostic value of different methods to detect IDH2 mutations in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor samples. Immunohistochemistry with an anti-IDH2 R172K antibody, Sanger sequencing, high-resolution melting PCR, allele-specific real-time quantitative PCR, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were applied to biopsy specimens from 42 AITL patients. We demonstrate that the IDH2 R172K antibody is specific to this amino acid substitution and highly sensitive for the detection of the IDH2R172K variant, the most frequent substitution in this disease. In our study, NGS and allele-specific real-time quantitative PCR displayed a good sensitivity, detecting 96% and 92% of IDH2 mutations, respectively, in contrast to Sanger sequencing and high-resolution melting PCR, which showed a significantly lower detection rate (58% and 42%, respectively). These results suggest that a combination of immunohistochemistry and AS-PCR or NGS should be considered for the identification of IDH2 mutations in AITL in a routine setting.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica/genética , Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica/patologia , Linfoma de Células T/genética , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Mutação/genética , Substituição de Aminoácidos/genética , Sequência de Bases , Códon/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Blood Adv ; 2(7): 807-816, 2018 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29636326

RESUMO

Outcomes for follicular lymphoma (FL) have greatly improved, but most patients will ultimately relapse. High total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV), computed from baseline 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (PET), is associated with shorter progression-free survival (PFS), but circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and cell-free DNA (cfDNA) may also reflect tumor burden and be of prognostic value. The aim of our study was to correlate CTCs and cfDNA with TMTV in FL at diagnosis and to determine their prognostic values. We retrospectively analyzed 133 patients (with previously untreated FL and a baseline PET) from 2 cohorts with either a baseline plasma sample (n = 61) or a bcl2-JH-informative peripheral blood (PB) sample (n = 68). Quantification of circulating bcl2-JH+ cells and cfDNA was performed by droplet digital polymerase chain reaction. A significant correlation was found between TMTV and both CTCs (P < .0001) and cfDNA (P < .0001). With a median 48-month follow-up, 4-year PFS was lower in patients with TMTV > 510 cm3 (P = .0004), CTCs >0.0018 PB cells (P = .03), or cfDNA >2550 equivalent-genome/mL (P = .04). In comparison with TMTV alone, no additional prognostic information was obtained by measuring CTCs. In contrast, Cox multivariate analysis, including cfDNA and TMTV, showed that both cfDNA and TMTV remained predictive of outcome. In conclusion, CTCs and cfDNA correlate with TMTV in FL, and all 3 influence patient outcome. PFS was shorter for patients with high cfDNA and TMTV, suggesting that these parameters provide relevant information for tumor-tailored therapy.


Assuntos
DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Carga Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Dig Liver Dis ; 50(2): 181-188, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29102522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence and the long-term course of gastric precancerous lesions in patients with GML. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective single-centre study, we included 179 patients with GML, 70 with gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (GDLBCL) and 152 with Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis (HpG), from January 1995 to January 2014. The presence of atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and neoplastic lesion has been assessed at baseline and during follow-up. RESULTS: Atrophic gastritis was more frequent in the GML group whereas there was also a trend for intestinal metaplasia and gastric dysplasia. In patients with GML, atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and gastric dysplasia were more frequent in the GML area than in other part of the stomach. During follow-up, the prevalence of atrophic gastritis remained stable overtime whereas intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia tend to increase overtime. In multivariate analysis, the occurrence of dysplasia or carcinoma was associated with the presence of intestinal metaplasia at baseline and male gender. CONCLUSION: GML is associated with gastric precancerous lesion to a higher extent than GDLBCL and HpG. Those precancerous lesions do not regress despite achievement of complete remission of GML and tend to increase overtime.


Assuntos
Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Gastrite Atrófica/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Linfoma de Células B/complicações , Linfoma não Hodgkin/complicações , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Masculino , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Radiology ; 286(2): 560-567, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28985135

RESUMO

Purpose To analyze the frequency and distribution of low-signal-intensity regions (LSIRs) in lymphoma lesions and to compare these to fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake and biologic markers of inflammation. Materials and Methods The authors analyzed 61 untreated patients with a bulky lymphoma (at least one tumor mass ≥7 cm in diameter). When a LSIR within tumor lesions was detected on diffusion-weighted images obtained with a b value of 50 sec/mm2, a T2-weighted gradient-echo (GRE) sequence was performed and calcifications were searched for with computed tomography (CT). In two patients, Perls staining was performed on tissue samples from the LSIR. LSIRs were compared with biologic inflammatory parameters and baseline FDG positon emission tomography (PET)/CT parameters (maximum standardized uptake value [SUVmax], total metabolic tumor volume [TMTV]). Results LSIRs were detected in 22 patients and corresponded to signal void on GRE images; one LSIR was due to calcifications, and three LSIRS were due to a recent biopsy. In 18 patients, LSIRs appeared to be related to focal iron deposits; this was proven with Perls staining in two patients. The LSIRs presumed to be due to iron deposits were found mostly in patients with aggressive lymphoma (nine of 26 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and eight of 20 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma vs one of 15 patients with follicular lymphoma; P = .047) and with advanced stage disease (15 of 18 patients). LSIRS were observed in spleen (n = 14), liver (n = 3), and nodal (n = 8) lesions and corresponded to foci FDG uptake, with mean SUVmax of 9.8, 6.7, and 16.2, respectively. These patients had significantly higher serum levels of C-reactive protein, α1-globulin, and α2-globulin and more frequently had microcytic anemia than those without such deposits (P = .0072, P = .003, P = .0068, and P < .0001, respectively). They also had a significantly higher TMTV (P = .0055) and higher levels of spleen involvement (P < .0001). Conclusion LSIRs due to focal iron deposits are detected in lymphoma lesions and are associated with a more pronounced biologic inflammatory syndrome. © RSNA, 2017 Online supplemental material is available for this article.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Ferro/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacocinética , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Prospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacocinética , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ann Pathol ; 37(5): 420-424, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28964599

RESUMO

We report the case of a 65-year-old woman who presented with a dysphonia. ENT tomography and laryngoscopy showed an endolaryngeal tumoral lesion extended to the right supraglottis. Biopsy of the lesion revealed dense lymphoid infiltrate in the lamina propria, without necrosis or ulceration of the mucosa. The infiltrate showed many CD3+, CD5+, CD4+, CD8+ lymphocytes and plasmocytes. Larger lymphoid cells with cytologic atypia expressed CD56 and cytotoxicity markers such as TIA1 and granzyme B. In situ hybridization for EBV revealed numerous positive cells. The diagnosis of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma was proposed. The primary laryngeal localization of this disease is exceptionally rare. Heavy admixture of inflammatory cells may mimic inflammatory process and delay the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Idoso , Antígenos CD/análise , Antígenos de Neoplasias/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Biópsia , Disfonia/etiologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Neoplasias Laríngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Laringoscopia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/complicações , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia
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