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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769816

RESUMO

Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a multisystem, recurrent, environmental disorder that flares in response to different exposures (i.e., pesticides, solvents, toxic metals and molds) under the threshold limit value (TLV) calculated for age and gender in the general population. MCS is a syndrome characterized by cutaneous, allergic, gastrointestinal, rheumatological, endocrinological, cardiological and neurological signs and symptoms. We performed a systematic review of the literature to summarize the current clinical and therapeutic evidence and then oriented an eDelphi consensus. Four main research domains were identified (diagnosis, treatment, hospitalization and emergency) and discussed by 10 experts and an MCS patient. Thus, the first Italian MCS consensus had the double aim: (a) to improve MCS knowledge among healthcare workers and patients by standardizing the clinical and therapeutic management to MCS patients; and (b) to improve and shed light on MCS misconceptions not supported by evidence-based medicine (EBM).


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla , Consenso , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/terapia , Solventes
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(1)2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881664

RESUMO

Genetic polymorphisms as well as environmental exposures to chemical compounds, iatrogenic, psychological, and physical trauma may play a pathophysiological role in multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) olfactory complaints, given that xenobiotic metabolism is influenced by sequence variations in genes of metabolizing enzymes. Thus, the aim of the present study was to depict-by means of multiple regression analysis-how different genetic conditions, grouped according to their function as well as clinical background and environmental exposure may interfere with those olfactory complaints referred by MCS patients. Therefore, MCS patients after gene polymorphism sequencing, the olfactory-related quality of life score-calculated by means of the Questionnaire of Olfactory Disorder in forty-six MCS patients-have been found to significantly rely on the phase I and II enzymes score and exposure to previous compounds and surgical treatments. The present work-implementing for the first time a genetic-acquired factors model on a regression analysis-further reinforces those theories, positing MCS as a complex, multifactorial, disease in which the genetic risk related to phase I and II enzymes involved in xenobiotic detoxification, olfactory, and neurodegenerative diseases play a necessary, but probably not sufficient role, along the pathophysiological route of the disease.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/patologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Alelos , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Exposição Ambiental , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Humanos , Inativação Metabólica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Análise de Regressão , Superóxido Dismutase/genética
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