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1.
J Clin Immunol ; 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534079

RESUMO

Phosphoglucomutase 3 (PGM3) deficiency is a rare congenital disorder of glycosylation. Most of patients with autosomal recessive hypomorphic mutations in PGM3 encoding for phosphoglucomutase 3 present with eczema, skin and lung infections, elevated serum IgE, as well as neurological and skeletal features. A few PGM3-deficient patients suffer from a more severe disease with nearly absent T cells and severe skeletal dysplasia. We performed targeted next-generation sequencing on two kindred to identify the underlying genetic etiology of a severe combined immunodeficiency with developmental defect. We report here two novel homozygous missense variants (p.Gly359Asp and p.Met423Thr) in PGM3 identified in three patients from two unrelated kindreds with severe combined immunodeficiency, neurological impairment, and skeletal dysplasia. Both variants segregated with the disease in the two families. They were predicted to be deleterious by in silico analysis. PGM3 enzymatic activity was found to be severely impaired in primary fibroblasts and Epstein-Barr virus immortalized B cells from the kindred carrying the p.Met423Thr variant. Our findings support the pathogenicity of these two novel variants in severe PGM3 deficiency.

3.
Genet Med ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082559

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Geleophysic dysplasia (GD) and acromicric dysplasia (AD) are characterized by short stature, short extremities, and progressive joint limitation. In GD, cardiorespiratory involvement can result in poor prognosis. Dominant variants in the FBN1 and LTBP3 genes are responsible for AD or GD, whereas recessive variants in the ADAMTSL2 gene are responsible for GD only. The aim of this study was to define the natural history of these disorders and to establish genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: This monocentric retrospective study was conducted between January 2008 and December 2018 in a pediatric tertiary care center and included patients with AD or GD with identified variants (FBN1, LTBP3, or ADAMTSL2). RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with GD (12 ADAMTSL2, 8 FBN1, 2 LTBP3) and 16 patients with AD (15 FBN1, 1 LTBP3) were included. Early death occurred in eight GD and one AD. Among GD patients, 68% presented with heart valve disease and 25% developed upper airway obstruction. No AD patient developed life-threatening cardiorespiratory issues. A greater proportion of patients with either a FBN1 cysteine variant or ADAMTSL2 variants had a poor outcome. CONCLUSION: GD and AD are progressive multisystemic disorders with life-threatening complications associated with specific genotype. A careful multidisciplinary follow-up is needed.

4.
Am J Hum Genet ; 107(5): 977-988, 2020 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058759

RESUMO

PRKACA and PRKACB code for two catalytic subunits (Cα and Cß) of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), a pleiotropic holoenzyme that regulates numerous fundamental biological processes such as metabolism, development, memory, and immune response. We report seven unrelated individuals presenting with a multiple congenital malformation syndrome in whom we identified heterozygous germline or mosaic missense variants in PRKACA or PRKACB. Three affected individuals were found with the same PRKACA variant, and the other four had different PRKACB mutations. In most cases, the mutations arose de novo, and two individuals had offspring with the same condition. Nearly all affected individuals and their affected offspring shared an atrioventricular septal defect or a common atrium along with postaxial polydactyly. Additional features included skeletal abnormalities and ectodermal defects of variable severity in five individuals, cognitive deficit in two individuals, and various unusual tumors in one individual. We investigated the structural and functional consequences of the variants identified in PRKACA and PRKACB through the use of several computational and experimental approaches, and we found that they lead to PKA holoenzymes which are more sensitive to activation by cAMP than are the wild-type proteins. Furthermore, expression of PRKACA or PRKACB variants detected in the affected individuals inhibited hedgehog signaling in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts, thereby providing an underlying mechanism for the developmental defects observed in these cases. Our findings highlight the importance of both Cα and Cß subunits of PKA during human development.

5.
J Bone Miner Res ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916022

RESUMO

Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasias (SEMDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders with variable growth failure and skeletal impairments affecting the spine and long bone epiphyses and metaphyses. Here we report on four unrelated families with SEMD in which we identified two monoallelic missense variants and one monoallelic splice site variant in RPL13, encoding the ribosomal protein eL13. In two out of four families, we observed autosomal dominant inheritance with incomplete penetrance and variable clinical expressivity; the phenotypes of the mutation-positive subjects ranged from normal height with or without hip dysplasia to severe SEMD with severe short stature and marked skeletal dysplasia. In vitro studies on patient-derived dermal fibroblasts harboring RPL13 missense mutations demonstrated normal eL13 expression, with proper subcellular localization but reduced colocalization with eL28 (p < 0.001). Cellular functional defects in fibroblasts from mutation-positive subjects indicated a significant increase in the ratio of 60S subunits to 80S ribosomes (p = 0.007) and attenuated global translation (p = 0.017). In line with the human phenotype, our rpl13 mutant zebrafish model, generated by CRISPR-Cas9 editing, showed cartilage deformities at embryonic and juvenile stages. These findings extend the genetic spectrum of RPL13 mutations causing this novel human ribosomopathy with variable skeletal features. Our study underscores for the first time incomplete penetrance and broad phenotypic variability in SEMD-RPL13 type and confirms impaired ribosomal function. Furthermore, the newly generated rpl13 mutant zebrafish model corroborates the role of eL13 in skeletogenesis. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR)..

6.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 43(6): 1349-1359, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700771

RESUMO

Bikunin (Bkn) isoforms are serum chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans synthesized by the liver. They include two light forms, that is, the Bkn core protein and the Bkn linked to the CS chain (urinary trypsin inhibitor [UTI]), and two heavy forms, that is, pro-α-trypsin inhibitor and inter-α-trypsin inhibitor, corresponding to UTI esterified by one or two heavy chains glycoproteins, respectively. We previously showed that the Western-blot analysis of the light forms could allow the fast and easy detection of patients with linkeropathy, deficient in enzymes involved in the synthesis of the initial common tetrasaccharide linker of glycosaminoglycans. Here, we analyzed all serum Bkn isoforms in a context of congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) and showed very specific abnormal patterns suggesting potential interests for their screening and diagnosis. In particular, genetic deficiencies in V-ATPase (ATP6V0A2-CDG, CCDC115-CDG, ATP6AP1-CDG), in Golgi manganese homeostasis (TMEM165-CDG) and in the N-acetyl-glucosamine Golgi transport (SLC35A3-CDG) all share specific abnormal Bkn patterns. Furthermore, for each studied linkeropathy, we show that the light abnormal Bkn could be further in-depth characterized by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Moreover, besides being interesting as a specific biomarker of both CDG and linkeropathies, Bkn isoforms' analyses can provide new insights into the pathophysiology of the aforementioned diseases.

7.
Am J Hum Genet ; 106(6): 779-792, 2020 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413283

RESUMO

The evolutionarily conserved hedgehog (Hh) pathway is essential for organogenesis and plays critical roles in postnatal tissue maintenance and renewal. A unique feature of the vertebrate Hh pathway is that signal transduction requires the primary cilium (PC) where major pathway components are dynamically enriched. These factors include smoothened (SMO) and patched, which constitute the core reception system for sonic hedgehog (SHH) as well as GLI transcription factors, the key mediators of the pathway. Here, we report bi-allelic loss-of-function variations in SMO in seven individuals from five independent families; these variations cause a wide phenotypic spectrum of developmental anomalies affecting the brain (hypothalamic hamartoma and microcephaly), heart (atrioventricular septal defect), skeleton (postaxial polydactyly, narrow chest, and shortening of long bones), and enteric nervous system (aganglionosis). Cells derived from affected individuals showed normal ciliogenesis but severely altered Hh-signal transduction as a result of either altered PC trafficking or abnormal activation of the pathway downstream of SMO. In addition, Hh-independent GLI2 accumulation at the PC tip in cells from the affected individuals suggests a potential function of SMO in regulating basal ciliary trafficking of GLI2 when the pathway is off. Thus, loss of SMO function results in abnormal PC dynamics of key components of the Hh signaling pathway and leads to a large continuum of malformations in humans.


Assuntos
Alelos , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor Smoothened/genética , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cílios/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Modelos Moleculares , Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Proteínas Nucleares , Linhagem , Proteína Gli2 com Dedos de Zinco , Proteína Gli3 com Dedos de Zinco
8.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 48(6): 536-547, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354613

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is prevalent in children with syndromic craniosynostoses. Here we assessed the effects of fronto-facial monobloc advancement with internal distraction on obstructive sleep apnea in syndromic craniosynostoses. All patients managed for syndromic craniosynostosis over a period of 14 years were assessed based on apnea-hyponea index (AHI) before and after fronto-facial surgery. AHI values were analyzed using multivariate models with focuses on (1) absolute decrease in AHI values after fronto-facial surgery and (2) AHI normalization (AHI < 5) after fronto-facial surgery. One hundred and nine patients were included with 407 polysomnographic studies. Higher pre-operative AHI (p < 0.001) and pre-operative vault expansion (p = 0.008) were associated with more AHI decrease. Early airways surgery (p = 0.002) and fronto-facial surgery at older ages (p < 0.001) were associated with more AHI normalization. Our results indicate that fronto-facial surgery is specifically efficient in reducing severe (AHI > 20) obstructive sleep apnea in syndromic craniosynostoses. Early airways surgery, early vault expansion and fronto-facial surgery at older ages are recommended for better respiratory results. We provide support for a protocol involving (1) early posterior vault expansion and airways surgery and (2) fronto-facial advancement performed as late as possible (>2.5 years).


Assuntos
Craniossinostoses , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Idoso , Criança , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome
9.
J Med Genet ; 57(7): 466-474, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277047

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Marfanoid habitus (MH) combined with intellectual disability (ID) (MHID) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous presentation. The combination of array CGH and targeted sequencing of genes responsible for Marfan or Lujan-Fryns syndrome explain no more than 20% of subjects. METHODS: To further decipher the genetic basis of MHID, we performed exome sequencing on a combination of trio-based (33 subjects) or single probands (31 subjects), of which 61 were sporadic. RESULTS: We identified eight genes with de novo variants (DNVs) in at least two unrelated individuals (ARID1B, ATP1A1, DLG4, EHMT1, NFIX, NSD1, NUP205 and ZEB2). Using simulation models, we showed that five genes (DLG4, NFIX, EHMT1, ZEB2 and ATP1A1) met conservative Bonferroni genomewide significance for an excess of the observed de novo point variants. Overall, at least one pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant was identified in 54.7% of subjects (35/64). These variants fell within 27 genes previously associated with Mendelian disorders, including NSD1 and NFIX, which are known to be mutated in overgrowth syndromes. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that DNVs were enriched in chromatin remodelling (p=2×10-4) and genes regulated by the fragile X mental retardation protein (p=3×10-8), highlighting overlapping genetic mechanisms between MHID and related neurodevelopmental disorders.

10.
J Bone Miner Res ; 35(8): 1470-1480, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181939

RESUMO

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a primary bone fragility disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 15,000 births. The majority of OI cases are inherited in an autosomal-dominant manner, while 5% to 10% have recessive or X-linked inheritance. Up to now, approximately 5% of OI cases remain without mutation demonstrated, supporting the involvement of other genes in the disease spectrum. By whole-exome sequencing, we identified a homozygous variant (c.2T>C) in CCDC134 gene in three patients from two unrelated families with severe bone fragility that did not respond to bisphosphonate treatment, short stature, and gracile long bones with pseudarthroses but no dentinogenesis imperfecta. CCDC134 encodes a secreted protein widely expressed and implicated in the regulation of some mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling pathway. Western blot and immunofluorescence analyses confirmed the absence of CCDC134 protein in patient cells compared with controls. Furthermore, we demonstrated that CCDC134 mutations are associated with increased Erk1/2 phosphorylation, decreased OPN mRNA and COL1A1 expression and reduced mineralization in patient osteoblasts compared with controls. These data support that CCDC134 is a new gene involved in severe progressive deforming recessive osteogenesis imperfecta (type III). © 2020 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

11.
Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab ; 11: 2042018820904016, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166011

RESUMO

The last few decades have been marked by the identification of numerous genes implicated in genetic disorders, helping in the elucidation of the underlying pathophysiology of these conditions. This has allowed new therapeutic approaches to emerge such as cellular therapy, gene therapy, or pharmacological therapy for various conditions. Skeletal dysplasias are good models to illustrate these scientific advances. Indeed, several therapeutic strategies are currently being investigated in osteogenesis imperfecta; there are ongoing clinical trials based on pharmacological approaches, targeting signaling pathways in achondroplasia and fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva or the endoplasmic reticulum stress in metaphyseal dysplasia type Schmid or pseudoachondroplasia. Moreover, the treatment of hypophosphatasia or Morquio A disease illustrates the efficacy of enzyme drug replacement. To provide a highly specialized multidisciplinary approach, these treatments are managed by reference centers. The emergence of treatments in skeletal dysplasia provides new perspectives on the prognosis of these severe conditions and may change prenatal counseling in these diseases over the coming years.

12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4699, 2020 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170149

RESUMO

In achondroplasia, lumbar spinal stenosis arises from congenital dysplasia and acquired degenerative changes. We here aimed to describe the changes of the lumbar spinal canal and intervertebral disc in adults. We included 18 adults (age ≥ 18 years) with achondroplasia and lumbar spinal stenosis. Radiographs were used to analyze spinal-pelvic angles. Antero-posterior diameter of the spinal canal and the grade of disc degeneration were measured by MRI. Antero-posterior diameters of the spinal canal differed by spinal level (P < 0.05), with lower values observed at T12-L1, L1-2 and L2-3. Degrees of disc degeneration differed by intervertebral level, with higher degrees observed at L1-2, L2-3 and L3-4. A significant correlation was found between disc degeneration and thoraco-lumbar kyphosis at L2-3, between antero-posterior diameter of the spinal canal and lumbar lordosis at T12-L1 and L2-3, and between antero-posterior diameter of the spinal canal and thoraco-lumbar kyphosis at L1-2. Unlike the general population, spinal stenosis and disc degeneration involve the upper part of the lumbar spine in adults with achondroplasia, associated with thoraco-lumbar kyphosis and loss of lumbar lordosis.


Assuntos
Acondroplasia/patologia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Estenose Espinal/patologia , Acondroplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Estenose Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Am J Hum Genet ; 106(3): 356-370, 2020 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109418

RESUMO

Genetic syndromes frequently present with overlapping clinical features and inconclusive or ambiguous genetic findings which can confound accurate diagnosis and clinical management. An expanding number of genetic syndromes have been shown to have unique genomic DNA methylation patterns (called "episignatures"). Peripheral blood episignatures can be used for diagnostic testing as well as for the interpretation of ambiguous genetic test results. We present here an approach to episignature mapping in 42 genetic syndromes, which has allowed the identification of 34 robust disease-specific episignatures. We examine emerging patterns of overlap, as well as similarities and hierarchical relationships across these episignatures, to highlight their key features as they are related to genetic heterogeneity, dosage effect, unaffected carrier status, and incomplete penetrance. We demonstrate the necessity of multiclass modeling for accurate genetic variant classification and show how disease classification using a single episignature at a time can sometimes lead to classification errors in closely related episignatures. We demonstrate the utility of this tool in resolving ambiguous clinical cases and identification of previously undiagnosed cases through mass screening of a large cohort of subjects with developmental delays and congenital anomalies. This study more than doubles the number of published syndromes with DNA methylation episignatures and, most significantly, opens new avenues for accurate diagnosis and clinical assessment in individuals affected by these disorders.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/genética , Fenótipo , Estudos de Coortes , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Síndrome
14.
J Exp Med ; 217(3)2020 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914175

RESUMO

The gene IL6ST encodes GP130, the common signal transducer of the IL-6 cytokine family consisting of 10 cytokines. Previous studies have identified cytokine-selective IL6ST defects that preserve LIF signaling. We describe three unrelated families with at least five affected individuals who presented with lethal Stüve-Wiedemann-like syndrome characterized by skeletal dysplasia and neonatal lung dysfunction with additional features such as congenital thrombocytopenia, eczematoid dermatitis, renal abnormalities, and defective acute-phase response. We identified essential loss-of-function variants in IL6ST (a homozygous nonsense variant and a homozygous intronic splice variant with exon skipping). Functional tests showed absent cellular responses to GP130-dependent cytokines including IL-6, IL-11, IL-27, oncostatin M (OSM), and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). Genetic reconstitution of GP130 by lentiviral transduction in patient-derived cells reversed the signaling defect. This study identifies a new genetic syndrome caused by the complete lack of signaling of a whole family of GP130-dependent cytokines in humans and highlights the importance of the LIF signaling pathway in pre- and perinatal development.


Assuntos
Receptor gp130 de Citocina/metabolismo , Exostose Múltipla Hereditária/metabolismo , Osteocondrodisplasias/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Interleucina-11/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fator Inibidor de Leucemia/metabolismo , Oncostatina M/metabolismo , Receptores de Citocinas/metabolismo
15.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 2, 2020 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with rare bone diseases (RBDs), whether medically complex or not, raise multiple issues in emergency situations. The healthcare burden of children with RBD in emergency structures remains unknown. The objective of this study was to describe the place of the pediatric emergency department (PED) in the healthcare of children with RBD. METHODS: We performed a retrospective single-center cohort study at a French university hospital. We included all children under the age of 18 years with RBD who visited the PED in 2017. By cross-checking data from the hospital clinical data warehouse, we were able to trace the healthcare trajectories of the patients. The main outcome of interest was the incidence (IR) of a second healthcare visit (HCV) within 30 days of the index visit to the PED. The secondary outcomes were the IR of planned and unplanned second HCVs and the proportion of patients classified as having chronic medically complex (CMC) disease at the PED visit. RESULTS: The 141 visits to the PED were followed by 84 s HCVs, giving an IR of 0.60 [95% CI: 0.48-0.74]. These second HCVs were planned in 60 cases (IR = 0.43 [95% CI: 0.33-0.55]) and unplanned in 24 (IR = 0.17 [95% CI: 0.11-0.25]). Patients with CMC diseases accounted for 59 index visits (42%) and 43 s HCVs (51%). Multivariate analysis including CMC status as an independent variable, with adjustment for age, yielded an incidence rate ratio (IRR) of second HCVs of 1.51 [95% CI: 0.98-2.32]. The IRR of planned second HCVs was 1.20 [95% CI: 0.76-1.90] and that of unplanned second HCVs was 2.81 [95% CI: 1.20-6.58]. CONCLUSION: An index PED visit is often associated with further HCVs in patients with RBD. The IRR of unplanned second HCVs was high, highlighting the major burden of HCVs for patients with chronic and severe disease.

16.
Bone ; 133: 115219, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923704

RESUMO

Catel-Manzke syndrome is characterized by the combination of Pierre Robin sequence and radial deviation, shortening as well as clinodactyly of the index fingers, due to an accessory ossification center. Mutations in TGDS have been identified as one cause of Catel-Manzke syndrome, but cannot be found as causative in every patient with the clinical diagnosis. We performed a chromosome microarray and/or exome sequencing in three patients with hand hyperphalangism, heart defect, short stature, and mild to severe developmental delay, all of whom were initially given a clinical diagnosis of Catel-Manzke syndrome. In one patient, we detected a large deletion of exons 1-8 and the missense variant c.1282C > T (p.Arg428Trp) in KYNU (NM_003937.2), whereas homozygous missense variants in KYNU were found in the other two patients (c.989G > A (p.Arg330Gln) and c.326G > C (p.Trp109Ser)). Plasma and urine metabolomic analysis of two patients indicated a block along the tryptophan catabolic pathway and urine organic acid analysis showed excretion of xanthurenic acid. Biallelic loss-of-function mutations in KYNU were recently described as a cause of NAD deficiency with vertebral, cardiac, renal and limb defects; however, no hand hyperphalangism was described in those patients, and Catel-Manzke syndrome was not discussed as a differential diagnosis. In conclusion, we present unrelated patients identified with biallelic variants in KYNU leading to kynureninase deficiency and xanthurenic aciduria as a very likely cause of their hyperphalangism, heart defect, short stature, and developmental delay. We suggest performance of urine organic acid analysis in patients with suspected Catel-Manzke syndrome, particularly in those with cardiac or vertebral defects or without mutations in TGDS.

17.
Genet Med ; 22(1): 181-188, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363182

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Kabuki syndrome (KS) (OMIM 147920 and 300867) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by specific facial features, intellectual disability, and various malformations. Immunopathological manifestations seem prevalent and increase the morbimortality. To assess the frequency and severity of the manifestations, we measured the prevalence of immunopathological manifestations as well as genotype-phenotype correlations in KS individuals from a registry. METHODS: Data were for 177 KS individuals with KDM6A or KMT2D pathogenic variants. Questionnaires to clinicians were used to assess the presence of immunodeficiency and autoimmune diseases both on a clinical and biological basis. RESULTS: Overall, 44.1% (78/177) and 58.2% (46/79) of KS individuals exhibited infection susceptibility and hypogammaglobulinemia, respectively; 13.6% (24/177) had autoimmune disease (AID; 25.6% [11/43] in adults), 5.6% (10/177) with ≥2 AID manifestations. The most frequent AID manifestations were immune thrombocytopenic purpura (7.3% [13/177]) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (4.0% [7/177]). Among nonhematological manifestations, vitiligo was frequent. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura was frequent with missense versus other types of variants (p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of immunopathological manifestations in KS demonstrates the importance of systematic screening and efficient preventive management of these treatable and sometimes life-threatening conditions.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Face/anormalidades , Doenças Hematológicas/complicações , Histona Desmetilases/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/epidemiologia , Doenças Vestibulares/complicações , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Doenças Hematológicas/genética , Doenças Hematológicas/imunologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Doenças Vestibulares/genética , Doenças Vestibulares/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Eur J Med Genet ; 63(2): 103729, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319224

RESUMO

Non-ossifying fibromas are seen in different disorders recognizable by specific features. Indeed, osteoglophonic dysplasia (OD) is characterized by radiolucent bone lesions associated with severe short stature, dysmorphism and failure of dental eruption. This syndrome is caused by heterozygous activating mutations in the immunoglobulin-like D3 domain of the FGFR1 gene, encoding a tyrosine kinase. Here, we report three patients from the same family presenting with radiolucent bone lesions and teeth retentions. Exome sequencing allowed identification of a novel mutation c.917C > T, p. Pro306Leu in exon 7 of the FGFR1 gene. Our patients present with normal stature and no severe dysmorphism. This report describes a mild form of OD and expands the phenotype related to FGFR1 mutations. These findings emphasize the need to consider FGFR1 variants in the case of multiple non-ossifying bone lesions associated with dental eruption anomalies.


Assuntos
Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Anormalidades Dentárias/genética , Criança , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Osteocondrodisplasias/diagnóstico , Osteocondrodisplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteocondrodisplasias/enzimologia , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Anormalidades Dentárias/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Dentárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
19.
Am J Med Genet A ; 182(1): 122-129, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680459

RESUMO

Upper airway obstruction is a common feature in pycnodysostosis and may cause obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of our study was to analyze sleep-disordered breathing and respiratory management in children with pycnodysostosis. A retrospective review of the clinical charts and sleep studies of 10 consecutive children (three girls and seven boys) with pycnodysostosis seen over a time period of 10 years was performed. Six patients had severe OSA and/or nocturnal hypoventilation and were started on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as a first treatment at a median age of 3.4 ± 2.6 years, because of the lack of indication of any surgical treatment. Three patients could be weaned after several years from CPAP after spontaneous improvement (two patients) or multiple upper airway surgeries (one patient). Three patients had upper airway surgery prior to their first sleep study with two patients still needing CPAP during their follow-up. Only one patient never developed OSA. Patients with pycnodysostosis are at a high risk of severe OSA, underlying the importance of a systematic screening for sleep-disordered breathing. Multidisciplinary care is mandatory because of the multilevel airway obstruction. CPAP is very effective and well accepted for treating OSA.

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