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1.
J Hosp Palliat Nurs ; 22(1): 61-67, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804279

RESUMO

Nursing education programs and nursing textbooks often present accounts of the work of Dr Elisabeth Kübler-Ross and her "5 stages" model. In this article, we examine a sampling of recent North American nursing textbooks to illustrate the different ways those subjects are discussed. Unfortunately, the information provided is not always accurate or helpful in guiding readers. We describe why that is so and suggest some ways in which better guidance could be delivered. It is particularly timely to undertake this examination since 2019 is the 50th anniversary of the publication of On Death and Dying, the well-known book in which Dr Kübler-Ross first published her theory and descriptions of the work that led to it.

3.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 53: e03488, 2019 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433018
5.
Omega (Westport) ; : 30222819840476, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30975028

RESUMO

A previous article in this journal examined some aspects of the enduring influence of Elisabeth Kübler-Ross's "five stages" model through a sampling of recent American textbooks in selected academic disciplines and professional fields. This article offers a parallel sampling of 47 textbooks published in 10 different countries outside the United States. The questions to be answered are as follows: Does the "five stages" model appear without significant change in the textbooks described here? Is the "five stages" model applied in these textbooks to issues involving loss, grief, and bereavement as well as to those involving terminal illness and dying? Is the "five stages" model criticized in some or all of these textbooks? If so, is the criticism sufficient to argue that, while the "five stages" model might be presented as an important historical framework, it should no longer be regarded as a sound theory to guide contemporary education and practice?

6.
Omega (Westport) ; : 30222818809766, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30439302

RESUMO

This article examines some aspects of the enduring influence of the work of Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross and especially of her "five stages" model through a sampling of recent textbooks published in the United States in selected academic disciplines and professional fields. The following are the questions to be asked: 1. Does the "five stages" model appear without significant change in the textbooks described here? 2. Is the "five stages" model applied in these textbooks to issues involving loss, grief, and bereavement, as well as to those involving terminal illness and dying? 3. Is the "five stages" model criticized in some or all of these textbooks? 4. If so, is the criticism sufficient to argue that, while the "five stages" model might be presented as an important historical framework, it should no longer be regarded as a sound theory to guide contemporary education and practice?

7.
Omega (Westport) ; 75(2): 151-165, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28490282

RESUMO

This article explains the meaning of the phrase Death Cafe and describes what typically occurs at a Death Cafe gathering. The article traces the history of the Death Cafe movement, explores some reasons why people take part in a Death Cafe gathering, and gives examples of what individuals think they might derive from their participation. In addition, this article notes similarities between the Death Cafe movement and three other developments in the field of death, dying, and bereavement. Finally, this article identifies two provisional lessons that can be drawn from Death Cafe gatherings and the Death Cafe movement itself.


Assuntos
Luto , Morte , Restaurantes , Apoio Social , Humanos , Estados Unidos
8.
Death Stud ; 39(9): 531-6, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26207791

RESUMO

This article offers a reflection on the professional influence of Dr. Hannelore Wass on the author's introduction to and work in the field of death, dying, and bereavement. At the same time, it also offers comments on her broader influence on and legacies left to others who work in this field.


Assuntos
Tanatologia/história , Luto , Criança , Morte , Florida , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
9.
Omega (Westport) ; 70(1): 13-25, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25351587

RESUMO

This article focuses on Robert Kastenbaum's seminal concept of the societal death system. Beginning with conflicting claims that America is a death-denying society versus a death-accepting society, the article reports Kastenbaum's definition and description of the death system in American society and sets forth the seven functions and five elements or components of that death system. Next, the article notes Kastenbaum's further claim that "All cultures, past and present, have had death systems." Finally, two basic lessons are drawn from the foregoing: (1) Kastenbaum's concept of the death system provides a robust framework to explain the networks societies interpose between their members and death, focusing in particular on a more or less integrated and dynamic network within American society whose functions and components are not difficult to recognize in the ways in which they organize many aspects of the lives of individuals who live within that society; and (2) It is preposterous to assert without qualification that America is a death-denying society when there are so many activities and components within that society that are in whole or in part related to death, i.e., although it may be true that many aspects of the contemporary American death system appear to seek to remove death from the mainstream of life, there is ample evidence to indicate that American society as a whole and individuals within that society both accept and deny death simultaneously.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte , Características Culturais , Mecanismos de Defesa , Percepção Social , Ocidente , Comportamento Ritualístico , Medo , Humanos , Apoio Social , Valores Sociais , Estados Unidos
10.
Prog Transplant ; 21(3): 220-7, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21977883

RESUMO

Communication between donor families and the recipients of their loved ones' organs and tissues is a relatively new area of study. The National Kidney Foundation founded the National Donor Family Council in 1992 as a home for donor families. One of several items addressed by the Council was guidelines for communication, supporting the rights of donor families and recipients to communicate and build relationships should they choose to do so. Donation and transplant agencies play a strong role in facilitating and supporting donor families and recipients with these unique new relationships. This article offers 3 case examples of distinctive secondary losses and "second death" experiences encountered by some donor family members when the donation of tissues or organs they have authorized could not be used for transplantation, when those grafts fail or are rejected, or when the recipient dies. On that basis, the article explores the nature of these experiences and some reasons why they occur. Initial recommendations about how to address these experiences are provided. Finally, a 4-part agenda is suggested for research about (1) the nature of these distinctive secondary loss and second death experiences encountered by some donor families; (2) communications between donation and transplant professionals, on the one hand, and potential and actual donor family members, on the other hand; (3) the education, training, and support of professionals who provide bereavement support to donor family members; and (4) a review of the National Communication Guidelines.


Assuntos
Família/psicologia , Pesar , Doadores de Tecidos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Prog Transplant ; 20(2): 169-77, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20642176

RESUMO

This article surveys recent literature on bereavement, grief, and mourning. It offers a review of the state of the art of current understandings of those topics to assist professionals who work in the field of organ and tissue donation and transplantation. The article's goal is to provide well-developed and up-to-date education and knowledge about bereavement, grief, and mourning to supplement the natural skills and experience of donation and transplant professionals in their work with bereaved persons.


Assuntos
Luto , Relações Profissional-Família , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Humanos
12.
Omega (Westport) ; 59(1): 51-68, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19634506

RESUMO

This article explores ways in which siblings and child friends are represented as being involved in death and loss experiences. These representations are taken from 51 selected examples of death-related literature designed to be read by or with children. The main goal is to ask how these youngsters respond when confronted by the death of a sibling or child friend. How do they act when they are on their own, with each other, or with adults? This is important because these representations of children coping with death-related situations can serve as partial role models for the youngsters who read these books, either on their own or with a companion adult. And when adults are involved in reading, discussing, or examining books of this type, they can gain some insights into the world of children as portrayed by these authors, insights that adult readers might not otherwise have had, insights about how children respond to death-related situations, what they need, and how they might be helped.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Atitude Frente a Morte , Luto , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Literatura Moderna , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Amigos , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Irmãos
14.
Death Stud ; 30(7): 649-63, 2006 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16865827

RESUMO

This document examines issues related to the work of both formal and informal caregivers as they are involved in caring for dying and/or bereaved individuals. The examination is organized around five central questions: what brings individuals to this work?; what enables them to develop effective caregiving relationships?; what sustains them in their work?; what responsibilities do they have to themselves and to others?; and how are they are influenced by the social context of their work? The goal of this article is to help individuals and teams improve the care they provide in death-related situations, while also assisting educators, managers, and administrators to prepare and support these caregivers in more effective ways.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidadores , Atitude Frente a Morte , Luto , Cuidadores/psicologia , Pesar , Humanos , Assistência Terminal , Estados Unidos
15.
Omega (Westport) ; 54(3): 237-54, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17847956

RESUMO

This article explores ways in which parents are represented as being involved with children in death and loss experiences. These representations are taken from 46 selected examples of death-related literature designed to be read by or with children. The main goal for us is to ask how parents are portrayed in these books and how their interactions with children are depicted. Since parents usually bear primary responsibility for the care of their children, they are ordinarily expected to share their experience and insights with their children, and to help children cope with death and loss. What do they do and how do they help (or not help) children in this body of literature?


Assuntos
Morte , Literatura Moderna , Relações Pais-Filho , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
16.
Death Stud ; 26(7): 595-606, 2002 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12195601

RESUMO

This article supplements an earlier account of experiences involved in teaching what is believed to be the first full-term, credit-bearing, college-level course on Children and Death (C. A. Corr, 1992). C. A. Corr's article covered a period of some 13 years and reported on three phases in the development and early history of the course. The present article describes a fourth phase during which the Children and Death course was offered in a format of 6 all-day Saturday sessions. A plan for the course as it was offered in this last format is presented, outlining session titles, goals, topics, methods, and sample resources from relevant literature. In addition, this article suggests some lessons concerning administration, structure, and content that have emerged from this educational experience. Comments from two other faculty members who have taught a Children and Death course help to point out why this course is of interest and value to instructors and other participants alike.


Assuntos
Criança , Morte , Educação , Tanatologia , Atitude Frente a Morte , Currículo , Humanos , Ensino , Estados Unidos , Universidades
17.
Lit Med ; 21(1): 147-74, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12053747
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