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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702419

RESUMO

Purpose: The French standard chemotherapy for osteosarcoma combines high-dose methotrexate (HDM) and etoposide-ifosfamide (EI) in children and adolescents, and API-AI (doxorubicin-cisplatin-ifosfamide) in adults. We herein present the results of M-EI and API-AI in 18- to 25-year-old patients. Methods: Patients, 18-25 years old, received either M-EI or API-AI regimens. M-EI comprised seven M and two EI doses preoperatively then M-EI in standard-risk patients (good histological response without metastasis) and five M-AP (methotrexate-doxorubicin-cisplatin) in high-risk patients (poor histological response, metastasis, and/or unresectable primary), postoperatively. API-AI comprised three API and two AI doses preoperatively, then two AI and two PI in standard-risk patients and five EI in high-risk patients, postoperatively. Results: We analyzed 95 patients 18-25 years of age: 55 received M-EI and 40 API-AI. The groups had similar baseline characteristics. Eighty-nine patients (94%) had surgery. Twenty-nine of 55 M-EI patients (60%) and 16/40 API-AI patients (41%) had good histological responses to preoperative chemotherapy. At 5 years, event-free survival was 50% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 39-60) and overall survival was 65% (95% CI: 54-74). Acute toxicity was similar, without treatment-related deaths. Conclusions: Survival outcomes with M-EI and API-AI were not significantly different. Tolerance was acceptable with both regimens. HDM is thus feasible for young adults. However, our study limitations preclude any definitive conclusions.

2.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; : e28032, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595663

RESUMO

AIM: To assess objective response after two cycles of temozolomide and topotecan (TOTEM) in children with refractory or relapsed miscellaneous extracranial solid and central nervous system (CNS) tumors, including medulloblastoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET). PROCEDURE: Multicenter, nonrandomized, phase 2 basket trial including children with solid tumors, completed by a one-stage design confirmatory cohort for medulloblastoma, and an exploratory cohort for PNET. Main eligibility criteria were refractory/relapsed measurable disease and no more than two prior treatment lines. Temozolomide was administered orally at 150 mg/m2 /day followed by topotecan at 0.75 mg/m2 /day intravenously for five consecutive days every 28 days. Tumor response was assessed every two cycles according to WHO criteria and reviewed independently. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were enrolled and treated in the miscellaneous solid tumor and 33 in the CNS strata; 20 patients with medulloblastoma and six with PNET were included in the expansion cohorts. The median age at inclusion was 10.0 years (range, 0.9-20.9). In the basket cohorts, confirmed complete and partial responses were observed in one glioma, four medulloblastoma, and one PNET, leading to the extension. The overall objective response rate (ORR) in medulloblastoma was 28% (95% CI, 12.7-47.2) with 1/29 complete and 7/29 partial responses, those for PNET 10% (95% CI, 0.3-44.5). Post hoc Bayesian analysis estimates that the true ORR in medulloblastoma is probably between 20% and 30% and below 20% in PNET. The most common treatment-related toxicities of the combination therapy were hematologic. CONCLUSIONS: Temozolomide-topotecan results in significant ORR in children with recurrent and refractory medulloblastoma with a favorable toxicity profile.

4.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 123: 33-37, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF) is a rare benign lesion known for its local aggressiveness. The tumor management still remains under debate. Primary head and neck (HN), represents the second most prevalently affected sitein children with DF. This study aims to analyze the specificity of HN-DF in children, focusing on long-term effects of the tumor and therapies. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study analyzed children treated for a HN-DF between 1993 and 2013. All medical files were reviewed and their outcomes analyzed according to the initial therapies provided. RESULTS: Sixteen children were selected. Mandibular and submandibular areas were the main locations (11 cases). Eight children underwent chemotherapy as first-line therapy with tumor control in 3 cases and 5 cases needing additional treatment. Six children underwent primary surgery: isolated in 3 cases and with additional treatment after tumor progression in 3 cases. A wait-and-see attitude was adopted for 2 children without any additional treatment in 1 case, and followed by additional chemotherapy in the other case. Total burden of treatment to control the disease was a biopsy (1 case), surgery (3 unique cases, 1 multiple case), surgery with chemotherapy (6 cases), and exclusive medical therapies (5 cases). Surgical postoperative sequelae were facial palsy (cases of parotid gland affection), XIth cranial nerve sacrifice or sensory impairment. CONCLUSION: HN-DF is a local and extensive disease that is difficult to control with surgery alone. Sequelae are frequent due to the initial tumor location or therapies. Initial conservative strategies need to be discussed in a multidisciplinary way in order to try to control the disease with the minimal morbidity.


Assuntos
Fibromatose Agressiva/tratamento farmacológico , Fibromatose Agressiva/cirurgia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Mandibulares/cirurgia , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Paralisia de Bell/etiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Fibromatose Agressiva/terapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neoplasias Mandibulares/terapia , Glândula Parótida/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Conduta Expectante
5.
Int J Cancer ; 145(10): 2781-2791, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018240

RESUMO

In neuroblastoma (NB), genetic alterations in chromatin remodeling (CRGs) and epigenetic modifier genes (EMGs) have been described. We sought to determine their frequency and clinical impact. Whole exome (WES)/whole genome sequencing (WGS) data and targeted sequencing (TSCA®) of exonic regions of 33 CRGs/EMGs were analyzed in tumor samples from 283 NB patients, with constitutional material available for 55 patients. The frequency of CRG/EMG variations in NB cases was then compared to the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). The sequencing revealed SNVs/small InDels or focal CNAs of CRGs/EMGs in 20% (56/283) of all cases, occurring at a somatic level in 4 (7.2%), at a germline level in 12 (22%) cases, whereas for the remaining cases, only tumor material could be analyzed. The most frequently altered genes were ATRX (5%), SMARCA4 (2.5%), MLL3 (2.5%) and ARID1B (2.5%). Double events (SNVs/small InDels/CNAs associated with LOH) were observed in SMARCA4 (n = 3), ATRX (n = 1) and PBRM1 (n = 1). Among the 60 variations, 24 (8.4%) targeted domains of functional importance for chromatin remodeling or highly conserved domains but of unknown function. Variations in SMARCA4 and ATRX occurred more frequently in the NB as compared to the gnomAD control cohort (OR = 4.49, 95%CI: 1.63-9.97, p = 0.038; OR 3.44, 95%CI: 1.46-6.91, p = 0.043, respectively). Cases with CRG/EMG variations showed a poorer overall survival compared to cases without variations. Genetic variations of CRGs/EMGs with likely functional impact were observed in 8.4% (24/283) of NB. Our case-control approach suggests a role of SMARCA4 as a player of NB oncogenesis.

6.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(9): 723-730, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702969

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical significance of indeterminate pulmonary nodules at diagnosis (defined as ≤ 4 pulmonary nodules < 5 mm or 1 nodule measuring ≥ 5 and < 10 mm) in patients with pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected patients with supposed nonmetastatic RMS treated in large pediatric oncology centers in the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and the Netherlands, who were enrolled in the European Soft Tissue Sarcoma Study Group (E pSSG) RMS 2005 study. Patients included in the current study received a diagnosis between September 2005 and December 2013, and had chest computed tomography scans available for review that were done at time of diagnosis. Local radiologists were asked to review the chest computed tomography scans for the presence of pulmonary nodules and to record their findings on a standardized case report form. In the E pSSG RMS 2005 Study, patients with indeterminate pulmonary nodules were treated identically to patients without pulmonary nodules, enabling us to compare event-free survival and overall survival between groups by log-rank test. RESULTS: In total, 316 patients were included; 67 patients (21.2%) had indeterminate pulmonary nodules on imaging and 249 patients (78.8%) had no pulmonary nodules evident at diagnosis. Median follow-up for survivors (n = 258) was 75.1 months; respective 5-year event-free survival and overall survival rates (95% CI) were 77.0% (64.8% to 85.5%) and 82.0% (69.7% to 89.6%) for patients with indeterminate nodules and 73.2% (67.1% to 78.3%) and 80.8% (75.1% to 85.3%) for patients without nodules at diagnosis ( P = .68 and .76, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that indeterminate pulmonary nodules at diagnosis do not affect outcome in patients with otherwise localized RMS. There is no need to biopsy or upstage patients with RMS who have indeterminate pulmonary nodules at diagnosis.

7.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(1): e27472, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30270493

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The treatment paradigm in desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF) has changed in recent years from a surgery-based strategy to a multidisciplinary approach that includes systemic therapies. Among various medical therapies, hydroxyurea has been considered of potential interest. This case series summarizes the experience gained at four centers using hydroxyurea in relapsing DF. METHODS: Eligibility requirements were age < 21 years, histologically confirmed DF, and progressive or recurrent disease after at least one line of systemic therapy. Hydroxyurea was given orally at an initial dose of 20 mg/kg/day (escalated up to 30 mg/kg/day as necessary, if well tolerated). RESULTS: The series included 16 patients treated between 2008 and 2016. Hydroxyurea was the second systemic therapy in nine cases, and the third (at least) in seven. There was no reported G3-G4 hematological toxicity, and one case of G3 diarrhea. Dose reductions were reported in three cases (due to G2 neutropenia). The response rate was 18.7% major partial remissions, 37.5% considering any amount of shrinkage, 68.7% considering symptom response or signs of tissue response as well. In patients with no progression, the treatment was continued for 9-24 months. CONCLUSION: This is the first published series on the efficacy of hydroxyurea in pediatric DF. The response rate was moderate, but similar to that reported for other medical therapies currently considered as treatment options in this disease. Though further, larger series are needed to confirm as much, hydroxyurea has potential as an effective alternative therapy for DF.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Fibromatose Agressiva/cirurgia , Hidroxiureia/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
8.
Arch Dis Child ; 2018 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse parents' and children's understanding of consent information and assess their decision-making process in paediatric oncology. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTINGS: Eleven French paediatric oncology units. PATIENTS: Parents and children who have been asked to give consent for participation in an early phase trial. INTERVENTIONS: Thirty-seven children and 119 parents were questioned using an audio-recorded semistructured interview. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The participants' understanding of nine elements of the informed consent was assessed by comparing their answers with the informed consent leaflet. Their decision-making process was also evaluated. RESULTS: Most parents and children had an excellent understanding regarding their participation in a clinical trial (respectively 88.2% and 48.6%), the right to withdraw (76.5% and 43.2%) and the prospects of collective benefits (74.8% and 48.6%). By contrast, less than half of the parents and few of the children correctly understood the alternatives (respectively 47.5% and 27%), the risks related to participation (44.5% and 10.8%), the prospects of individual benefits (33.6% and 10.8%) and the purpose of the clinical trial (12.6% and 2.7%). Twenty-six (70.3%) children participated in the decision-making process. Most parents and children felt they had no choice but to participate in the trial to have access to a new anticancer treatment. CONCLUSIONS: What might appear to be a poor understanding of the research protocol may actually correspond to the families' interpretation of the situation as a coping mechanism. All children (except infants) should get age-tailored information in order for them to have a meaningful involvement in research.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 00950, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319400

RESUMO

Background: Metronomic chemotherapy (MC) is defined as the frequent administration of chemotherapy at doses below the maximal tolerated dose and with no prolonged drug-free break. MC has shown its efficacy in adult tumor types such as breast and ovarian cancer and has to some extent been studied in pediatrics. Objective: To assess the anti-tumor activity and toxicity of a four-drug metronomic regimen in relapsing/refractory pediatric brain tumors (BT) with progression-free survival (PFS) after two cycles as primary endpoint. Methods: Patients ≥4 to 25 years of age were included with progressing BT. Treatment consisted of an 8-week cycle of celecoxib, vinblastine, and cyclophosphamide alternating with methotrexate. Kepner and Chang two-steps model was used with 10 patients in the first stage. If stabilization was observed in ≥2 patients, 8 additional patients were recruited. Assessment was according WHO criteria with central radiology review. Results: Twenty-nine patients (27 evaluable) were included in two groups: ependymoma (group 1, N = 8), and miscellaneous BT (group 2): 3 medulloblastoma (MB), 5 high grade glioma (HGG), 11 low grade glioma (LGG), 2 other BT. After first stage, recruitment for ependymoma was closed [one patient had stable disease (SD) for 4 months]. Cohort 2 was opened for second stage since 1 HGG and 3 LGG patients had SD after two cycles. Recruitment was limited to LGG for the second stage and 2 partial responses (PR), 6 SD and 2 progressive disease (PD) were observed after two cycles. Of these patients with LGG, median age was 10 years, nine patients received vinblastine previously. Median number of cycles was 6.8 (range: 1-12). Treatment was interrupted in five patients for grade 3/4 toxicity. Conclusion: This regimen is active in patients with LGG, even if patients had previously received vinblastine. Toxicity is acceptable. Trial Registration: This study was registered under clinicaltrials.gov - NCT01285817; EUDRACT nr: 2010-021792-81.

10.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3184, 2018 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30093639

RESUMO

Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is a pediatric cancer characterized by the EWSR1-FLI1 fusion. We performed a genome-wide association study of 733 EWS cases and 1346 unaffected individuals of European ancestry. Our study replicates previously reported susceptibility loci at 1p36.22, 10q21.3 and 15q15.1, and identifies new loci at 6p25.1, 20p11.22 and 20p11.23. Effect estimates exhibit odds ratios in excess of 1.7, which is high for cancer GWAS, and striking in light of the rarity of EWS cases in familial cancer syndromes. Expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analyses identify candidate genes at 6p25.1 (RREB1) and 20p11.23 (KIZ). The 20p11.22 locus is near NKX2-2, a highly overexpressed gene in EWS. Interestingly, most loci reside near GGAA repeat sequences and may disrupt binding of the EWSR1-FLI1 fusion protein. The high locus to case discovery ratio from 733 EWS cases suggests a genetic architecture in which moderate risk SNPs constitute a significant fraction of risk.

11.
Oncotarget ; 9(56): 30883-30893, 2018 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30112115

RESUMO

Platinum is extensively used in the treatment of several childhood cancers. However, ototoxicity is one of the most notable adverse effects, especially in children. Several studies suggest that genetics may predict its occurrence. Here, polymorphisms associated with platinum-induced ototoxicity were selected from the literature and were investigated in a pediatric population treated with platinum-based agents. In this retrospective study, patients treated with cisplatin and/or carboplatin were screened. The patients with pre- and post-treatment audiogram (Brock criteria) available were included. We selected polymorphisms that have previously been associated with cisplatin ototoxicity with a minor allele frequency ≥30%. Deletion of GSTM1 and GSTT1, rs1799735 (GSTM3), rs1695 (GSTP1), rs4880 (SOD2), rs2228001 (XPC), rs1799793 (XPD) and rs4788863 (SLC16A5) were investigated. Data of one hundred and six children matching the eligible criteria were analyzed. Thirty-three patients (31%) developed ototoxicity (with a Brock grade ≥2). The probability of hearing loss increased significantly in patients carrying the null genotype for GSTT1 (P = 0.03), A/A genotype at rs1695 (P = 0.01), and C/C genotype at rs1799793 (P = 0.008). We also showed an association of the cumulative doses of carboplatin with cisplatin ototoxicity (P <0.05). To conclude, deletion of GSTT1, rs1695 and rs1799793 may constitute potential predictors of platinum-induced ototoxicity.

12.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 112: 121-125, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30055720

RESUMO

Keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT) are exceptional in children and adolescents as they usually occur in the third decade. The present study reports the case of a 15 years old girl who was diagnosed with a KCOT that underwent malignant transformation. KCOT diagnostic was based on clinical, radiological, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings. A conservative treatment by enucleation was performed. Histopathological analysis of the surgical specimen concluded to a KCOT, with an infra-centimetric focus of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. Owing to the well-differentiated character of the squamous cell carcinoma, a single clinical and MRI surveillance every 3 months was decided, without complementary treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/patologia , Cistos Odontogênicos/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Adolescente , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Mandibulares/diagnóstico , Cistos Odontogênicos/diagnóstico , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico
13.
J Clin Pharmacol ; 58(12): 1541-1549, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791011

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that polymorphisms of genes coding for transporters or enzymes may partially explain the large between subject variability reported for methotrexate (MTX) pharmacokinetics (PK). This prospective study aimed to develop a population PK-pharmacogenetic model to evaluate the part of between-subject variability due to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in transporters and enzyme genes implicated in MTX distribution and elimination. MTX concentrations and 54 SNPs (located in ABCB1, ABCC1, ABCC2, ABCC3, ABCC4, ABCG2, SLC19A1, SLCO1B1, and UGT1A1 genes) were analyzed in patients treated with MTX included in the OS2006/sarcoma-09 trial (a multicenter, open-label, phase III trial, ClinicalTrials.gov. Identifier: NCT00470223). PK data were analyzed using the nonlinear mixed-effect modeling software program Monolix. The influence of each SNP was evaluated using a stepwise procedure under additive, recessive, or dominant genetic model. The likelihood ratio test was used to test the effect of each SNP on PK parameters. Overall, 187 patients with 7898 MTX blood concentrations were included in the PK-pharmacogenetic analysis. A 2-compartment model adequately described the data. Although high-dose MTX dosing recommendations in pediatric patients are currently based on body surface area, body weight was more predictive of clearance between-subject variability than body surface area. The most significant polymorphism associated with MTX clearance was rs13120400 (on the ABCG2 gene) under the recessive genetic model (P < .0001). GG genotype carriers for rs13120400 appeared to have a moderate decrease in MTX exposure compared to AA or GA carriers.

14.
Bull Cancer ; 105(5): 523-536, 2018 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29576221

RESUMO

Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare sarcoma that typically affects pediatric and young adult patients with a median age in the general and in the pediatric population of 24.6 years (range 4-58 years) and 15.0 years (range 0-21 years) respectively, with a strong male predominance. This tumor is characterized by a specific t(11;22)(p13;q12) that results in fusion of EWS and WT1 genes which can be demonstrated by RT-PCR or by FISH. DSRCT most frequently presents as an intra-abdominal primary mass associated with peritoneal seeding and a highly aggressive pattern of spread. Generally, all tumors showed the typical histologic findings of variably sized clusters of poly-phenotypic small, round, or spindled cells lying in a desmoplastic stroma. Treatment of this malignancy remains a challenge. The combination of polychemotherapy regimens and aggressive surgery followed by whole abdomen radiation therapy represents nowadays a classical protocol for DSRCT. The survival rate of DSRCT patients is still disappointing around 20 %. However, the survival of patients who had complete resection of the tumor appears better. Hopes are turning to targeted therapeutics against this simple genomic sarcoma. Authors summarize medical knowledge of this rare tumor.


Assuntos
Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas , Doenças Raras , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos Humanos Par 11 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 22 , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/genética , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/mortalidade , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/patologia , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Prognóstico , Doenças Raras/genética , Doenças Raras/mortalidade , Doenças Raras/patologia , Doenças Raras/terapia , Translocação Genética , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cancer Med ; 7(4): 1384-1393, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29533008

RESUMO

A genomic index (GI) tool using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) on tumor cells has emerged as independent prognostic factor associated with the risk of metastatic relapse in synovial sarcoma (SS). The aim was to assess GI in pediatric patients with SS, to determine its value as a prognostic factor. All pediatric/adolescent/young adults' (<25 years) with localized SS prospectively included in the European EpSSG-NRSTS05 protocol with a contributive aCGH were selected. Definition of GI was A2 /C, where A is the total number of alterations (segmental gains and losses) and C is the number of involved chromosomes on aCGH results. GI1 group corresponds to cases with no copy number alterations (flat profile, GI = 0) and GI2 group cases with at least one or more copy number alterations (rearranged profile; GI ≥ 1). Samples were available from 61 patients. The median age of the cohort was 13 years (range: 4-24). Overall, 55.7% were GI1 group, and 44.3% GI2 . After a median follow-up of 62 months (range: 0.1-112), 10 tumor events occurred and five patients died. Respectively, for GI1 versus GI2 groups, five-year event-free survival (EFS) was 93.8 ± 4.2% versus 64.9 ± 10.1% (P < 0.006) and five-year Metastatic-Free Survival (MFS) 93.8 ± 4.2% versus 72.9 ± 9.5% (P < 0.04). In multivariate analysis, GI status as adjusted for IRS group, patient age, site, and tumor size remain independent prognostic for EFS with a relative risk (RR) of 6.4 [1.3-31.9] (P < 0.01) and RR for MFS is 4.8 [0.9-25.7] (P < 0.05). Genomic complexity evaluated through GI may explain the metastatic behavior of pediatric SS.

16.
Eur J Cancer ; 91: 30-37, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29331749

RESUMO

METHODS: French patients (≤18years) treated for dysgerminoma between 1985 and 2005 in TGM-85, 90, 95 protocols were included. Treatment was based on primary unilateral oophorectomy followed by prophylactic lymph node irradiation (1985-1998) or a wait-and-see strategy (1998-2005) for localised completely resected tumours (pS1) or by platinum-based chemotherapy for advanced diseases. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients (median age 12.8 years) were included. Six patients had gonadal dysgenesis. Two had bilateral dysgerminoma. Twenty-eight patients had loco-regional dissemination, seven with para-aortic lymph nodes. None had distant metastases. Primary surgery was performed in 47/48 patients. Among the 15 patients with pS1 tumour: seven did not receive adjuvant treatment, six had lymph node irradiation and two received chemotherapy. Among the 32 patients with advanced tumour, 31 received cisplatinum-based (n = 25) or carboplatin-based (n = 8) regimen with lymph node irradiation for one of them and one did not receive adjuvant treatment. With a median follow-up of 14 years, all patients are alive in complete remission. Five events occurred: 2 contralateral dysgerminomas, 1 peritoneal relapse and 2 second neoplasms (teratoma and melanoma). Bilateral oophorectomy was necessary for 12 patients. Desire of pregnancy was expressed for 17/36 patients with unilateral oophorectomy, which succeeded in 13 cases (5 medically assisted). 2/17 had ovarian failure. The renal function was normal in 24/25 evaluated patients treated with platinum, ifosfamide or irradiation. The hearing function was evaluated on 17/36 patients treated with platinum: 12 Brock grade-0, 3 brock grade-1 and 2 grade-4. CONCLUSION: Dysgerminoma has an excellent prognosis even in advanced cases with conservative surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy. However the disease and/or treatment resulted in a high rate of bilateral oophorectomies and a significant impact on future fertility.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Disgerminoma/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Ovariectomia , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Criança , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Disgerminoma/epidemiologia , Disgerminoma/secundário , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Metástase Linfática , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Ovariectomia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 65(4)2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29286576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Efficacy and role of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion with chemotherapy (HIPEC) remain poorly documented in pediatric tumors. METHODS: This retrospective national study analyzed all pediatric patients with peritoneal tumor spread treated by CRS and HIPEC as part of a multimodal therapy in France from 2001 to 2015. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients (nine males and 13 females) were selected. The median age at diagnosis was 14.8 years (4.2-17.6). Seven had peritoneal mesotheliomas; seven, desmoplastic small round cells tumors (DSRCT); and eight, other histologic types. A complete macroscopic resection (CC-0, where CC is completeness of cytoreduction) was achieved in 16 (73%) cases. Incomplete resections were classified as CC-1 in four (18%) cases and CC-2 in two (9%) cases. Fourteen (64%) patients had complications within 30 days from HIPEC, requiring an urgent laparotomy in eight (36%) cases. Thirteen (59%) patients received adjuvant chemotherapy and four (18%) received total abdominal radiotherapy after surgery. Sixteen (72%) patients had relapse after a median time of 9.6 months (1.4-86.4) and nine (41%) eventually died after a median time of 5.3 months (0.1-36.1) from relapse. Six (27%) patients (four mesotheliomas, one pseudopapillary pancreatic tumor, and one DSRCT) were alive and in complete remission after a median follow-up of 25.0 months (5.3-78.2). The mean overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 57.5 months (95% CI [38.59-76.32]) and 30.9 months (95% CI [14.96-46.77]). Patients with a peritoneal mesothelioma had a significantly better OS (p = 0.015) and DFS (p = 0.028) than other histologic type. CONCLUSIONS: In this national series, outcomes of HIPEC are encouraging for the treatment of peritoneal mesothelioma in children.

18.
Eur J Cancer ; 88: 57-66, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29190507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In most countries, reference chemotherapy for osteosarcoma is MAP regimen (M = high-dose methotrexate, AP = doxorubicin-cisplatinum). In France, the standard preoperative chemotherapy for children/adolescents combines M and etoposide-ifosfamide (EI), based on the OS94-trial. We report the safety and efficacy results of patients ≤25 years treated with preoperative M-EI regimen enroled in the French OS2006-study, between 2007 and 2014. METHODS: Treatment comprised preoperative chemotherapy with the 7 M-courses and 2 EI-courses, then surgery and postoperative chemotherapy assigned by risk's groups: standard-risk (good histological response without metastases) received 12 M-courses, 3 EI-courses; high-risk (poor histologic response, initial metastases or unresectable primary) received 5 M-courses alternated with 5 AP-courses. 253 patients were randomised to receive (n = 128) or not (n = 125) zoledronate. RESULTS: 409/522 patients enroled in the OS2006 study who received preoperative M-EI were analysed. Median age was 14.3 years (4.7-24.5), with 55 patients aged 18-25 years. Primary tumour location was limb in 383 patients (94%) and 85 (21%) presented metastases. Median chemotherapy duration was 37.4 weeks. 381 (96%) patients underwent surgery, 258 patients (65%) had a good histologic response. 187/324 patients (58%) with localised disease did not receive doxorubicin nor cisplatinum. Toxicity was evaluated in the randomised study: most patients experienced ≥1 severe toxicity (grade IV haematological or grade III/IV extra-haematological). Median follow-up was 4.8 years, and 168 patients had events. Five-year event-free survival was 56% (95% CI, 51-62%) and overall survival 71% (66-76%). CONCLUSION: M-EI regimen/strategy was feasible for patient aged ≤25 years with survival rates are comparable to those obtained with MAP regimen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Difosfonatos/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , França , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Osteossarcoma/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem , Ácido Zoledrônico
19.
Clin Cancer Res ; 24(4): 939-949, 2018 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29191970

RESUMO

Purpose: Neuroblastoma displays important clinical and genetic heterogeneity, with emergence of new mutations at tumor progression.Experimental Design: To study clonal evolution during treatment and follow-up, an innovative method based on circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) analysis by whole-exome sequencing (WES) paired with target sequencing was realized in sequential liquid biopsy samples of 19 neuroblastoma patients.Results: WES of the primary tumor and cfDNA at diagnosis showed overlap of single-nucleotide variants (SNV) and copy number alterations, with 41% and 93% of all detected alterations common to the primary neuroblastoma and cfDNA. CfDNA WES at a second time point indicated a mean of 22 new SNVs for patients with progressive disease. Relapse-specific alterations included genes of the MAPK pathway and targeted the protein kinase A signaling pathway. Deep coverage target sequencing of intermediate time points during treatment and follow-up identified distinct subclones. For 17 seemingly relapse-specific SNVs detected by cfDNA WES at relapse but not tumor or cfDNA WES at diagnosis, deep coverage target sequencing detected these alterations in minor subclones, with relapse-emerging SNVs targeting genes of neuritogenesis and cell cycle. Furthermore a persisting, resistant clone with concomitant disappearance of other clones was identified by a mutation in the ubiquitin protein ligase HERC2Conclusions: Modelization of mutated allele fractions in cfDNA indicated distinct patterns of clonal evolution, with either a minor, treatment-resistant clone expanding to a major clone at relapse, or minor clones collaborating toward tumor progression. Identification of treatment-resistant clones will enable development of more efficient treatment strategies. Clin Cancer Res; 24(4); 939-49. ©2017 AACR.

20.
Bull Cancer ; 104(7-8): 625-635, 2017 Jul - Aug.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28687117

RESUMO

SUBJECT: Prognostic values of an early detection of a relapse after treatment of a localized rhabdomyosarcoma and the interest of performing systematic radiologic assessment after treatment have not yet been evaluated in Europe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Modalities of relapse of 99 patients under 20 years of age, after an initially localized rhabdomyosarcoma, treated in 9 French centers ("Société française des cancers de l'enfant" consortium) have been analyzed. Prognostic value of the protocol compliance during the observation period after therapy has been evaluated. RESULTS: Relapses have been diagnosed in 59 cases by a "symptom" the child was complaining of, in 12 cases because of "physical signs" detected during the clinical examination of a systematic consultation and in 27 cases thanks to "systematic follow-up imaging" (missing data: 1 case). Survival after relapse at 3 years was 47.5 % (IC95 %: 37.1 %-57.1 %). Diagnosis of the relapse is established earlier in the group "systematic imaging" rather than with other methods of detection ("symptom", "physical signs"), (P= 0.025), with detection of smaller tumors (≤ 5 cm ; 100.0 % vs. 60.9 % vs. 77.8 %, P= 0.007) but without possibility of reaching a second remission (70.4 % vs. 50.8 % vs. 50.0 % P= 0.37), nor significant impact on 5-year overall survival (47.1 % vs. 47.1 % vs. 48.6 % P= 0.94). CONCLUSION: Current methods of systematic surveillance after a first-line treatment of an initially localized rhabdomyosarcoma seem to improve the earliness of the diagnosis, but not the prognosis of the relapse.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Rabdomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rabdomiossarcoma/mortalidade , Rabdomiossarcoma/patologia , Rabdomiossarcoma/terapia , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
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