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1.
J Adv Nurs ; 75(9): 1823-1837, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672011

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the impact of strategies to promote mobilization on physical function in hospitalized adults with medical conditions. BACKGROUND: Slow progress is noted on the promotion of mobilization during hospitalization for adult patients admitted for medical conditions. This may reflect the limited evidence on the evaluation of the impact of progressive mobilization activities on clinical endpoints in adult patients throughout hospitalization. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials in any language. DATA RESOURCES: The literature search was performed in the MEDLINE, CINAHL online, HealthStar, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library Controlled Trials Registry and LILACS databases (January 2000-February 2017). REVIEW METHODS: Two authors independently identified randomized trials meeting inclusion criteria, assessed their quality and extracted relevant data. Outcomes assessed were the changes in physical function evaluated by scales measuring either the aerobic (metres walked/second) or the balance domain (using the Time Up and Go test, in seconds), length of hospital stay (days), and adverse clinical events. We calculated pooled mean differences or Mantel-Haenszel odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for continuous or dichotomous outcome data and obtained heterogeneity statistics across studies. RESULTS: Thirteen studies, including in total 2,703 participants, met our eligibility criteria. Patients in the intervention group showed significant improvement in physical function (aerobic domain), reduced length of stay, and a reduction of pulmonary embolism. CONCLUSION: Patients and health providers should consider a course of therapy that enhances the functional capacity of medical patients during hospitalization.

2.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 36(2)2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30148941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This work sought to assess the inter-observer agreement among expert nurses by using digital photographs and between these experts and the nursing registries in the electronic clinical record in the identification and degree of PL. METHODS: This was an observational study, including 225 photographic records (184 patients, 97 with pressure lesion and 128 registries without lesion) randomly selected from the total of photographs registered in the PENFUP clinical trial (without lesion). Three expert evaluators assessed said photographs in masked manner. The notes from nursing of patients included related with the description of PL were evaluated. The Kappa index was calculated along with the composite agreement ratio for each evaluation. RESULTS: Good agreement was observed among expert evaluators of photographic records on the presence of PL and between good-moderate for the degree of PL (I-II). Likewise, upon evaluating the agreement between the nursing registries of PL and the photographic assessment of the three expert evaluators of the same areas, good agreement was observed to determine the presence of PL and moderate agreement for the degrees of PL. CONCLUSIONS: Photographic records are a tool that permits recognizing the types of wounds, as well as the visualization of the different layers of skin injured. The study highlights the importance of assessment and validation by experts, given that it permits identifying existing problems that can lead to the underestimation or overestimation of PL when conducted by a single caregiver.

3.
Rehabil Nurs ; 43(2): 81-87, 2018 Mar/Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29499005

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity and its associated factors in adult patients admitted to hospital for noncardiac surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Five hundred able-bodied patients (age ≥45 years) admitted to hospital, also participants in the VISION study, were recruited before noncardiac surgery. The physical activity level (PAL) was assessed with the International Physical of Activity Questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the associations between a number of predetermined factors and physical inactivity. FINDINGS: Overall, 59.8% were inactive. Factors associated with inactivity included age, assistance with activities of daily living, and insulin-dependent diabetes. CONCLUSION: A substantial number of patients scheduled for noncardiac surgery are inactive. Elderly patients, those needing assistance, and those with long-lasting diabetes may benefit from PAL assessment before surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Healthcare providers should identify PALs and monitor for known risk factors to prepare patients for surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Prevalência , Comportamento Sedentário , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Ann Surg ; 268(2): 357-363, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28486392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic relevance, clinical characteristics, and 30-day outcomes associated with myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) in vascular surgical patients. BACKGROUND: MINS has been independently associated with 30-day mortality after noncardiac surgery. The characteristics and prognostic importance of MINS in vascular surgery patients are poorly described. METHODS: This was an international prospective cohort study of 15,102 noncardiac surgery patients 45 years or older, of whom 502 patients underwent vascular surgery. All patients had fourth-generation plasma troponin T (TnT) concentrations measured during the first 3 postoperative days. MINS was defined as a TnT of 0.03 ng/mL of higher secondary to ischemia. The objectives of the present study were to determine (i) if MINS is prognostically important in vascular surgical patients, (ii) the clinical characteristics of vascular surgery patients with and without MINS, (iii) the 30-day outcomes for vascular surgery patients with and without MINS, and (iv) the proportion of MINS that probably would have gone undetected without routine troponin monitoring. RESULTS: The incidence of MINS in the vascular surgery patients was 19.1% (95% confidence interval (CI), 15.7%-22.6%). 30-day all-cause mortality in the vascular cohort was 12.5% (95% CI 7.3%-20.6%) in patients with MINS compared with 1.5% (95% CI 0.7%-3.2%) in patients without MINS (P < 0.001). MINS was independently associated with 30-day mortality in vascular patients (odds ratio, 9.48; 95% CI, 3.46-25.96). The 30-day mortality was similar in MINS patients with (15.0%; 95% CI, 7.1-29.1) and without an ischemic feature (12.2%; 95% CI, 5.3-25.5, P = 0.76). The proportion of vascular surgery patients who suffered MINS without overt evidence of myocardial ischemia was 74.1% (95% CI, 63.6-82.4). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 1 in 5 patients experienced MINS after vascular surgery. MINS was independently associated with 30-day mortality. The majority of patients with MINS were asymptomatic and would have gone undetected without routine postoperative troponin measurement.

5.
Rehabil Nurs ; 2016 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27805269

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity and its associated factors in adult patients admitted to hospital for noncardiac surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Five hundred able-bodied patients (age ≥45 years) admitted to hospital, also participants in the VISION study, were recruited before noncardiac surgery. The physical activity level (PAL) was assessed with the International Physical of Activity Questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the associations between a number of predetermined factors and physical inactivity. FINDINGS: Overall, 59.8% were inactive. Factors associated with inactivity included age, assistance with activities of daily living, and insulin-dependent diabetes. CONCLUSION: A substantial number of patients scheduled for noncardiac surgery are inactive. Elderly patients, those needing assistance and those with long-lasting diabetes may benefit from PAL assessment before surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Healthcare providers should identify PALs and monitor for known risk factors to prepare patients for surgical procedures.

6.
Clin Nurs Res ; 24(2): 139-55, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24220514

RESUMO

This study was aimed to identify the mobilization patterns of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients during their first three days in the coronary care unit (CCU) by performing a prospective observational pilot study design. The study included 31 diagnosed AMI patients admitted to three CCUs. Mobilization patterns classified as bed rest, semi-fowler, transfer to chair, and standing/walking were documented by CCU nurses for 72 consecutive hours after patient admission to the CCU. Of 2,232 possible mobilization periods (72 hr × 31 patients), 1,385 recorded observations of mobilization (62%) were obtained. Bed rest and semi-fowler positions were the most common mobilization patterns; together they accounted for 70% of the documented positions over the first 72 hr in the CCU. Patients who experience an uncomplicated AMI spend the majority of their first 72 hr in CCU in bed.


Assuntos
Deambulação Precoce , Infarto do Miocárdio/reabilitação , Idoso , Enfermagem Cardiovascular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Cienc. enferm ; 16(3): 73-83, dic. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-582874

RESUMO

Objetivo: Determinar el impacto de la ambulación temprana (AT) en la presencia de cefalea y dolor lumbar en pacientes sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos bajo anestesia espinal. Material y método: Revisión sistemática y meta-análisis que revisó las bases de datos MEDLINE, CINAhL online, HealthStar, EMBASE, el Cochrane Library Controlled Trials Registry, LILACS y consulta de expertos. Incluyó estudios experimentales aleatorizados en cualquier idioma comparando pacientes sometidos a anestesia subaracnoidea aleatorizados durante su hospitalización a un grupo de ambulación temprana (intervención) o a un grupo control/cuidado estandarizado (reposo cama). La elegibilidad y la calidad de los artículos fue realizada por cuatro revisores de manera independiente. Luego se realizó la extracción de la información. Se calculó riesgo relativo (RR), 95 por ciento de intervalos de confianza usando el modelo de efecto random. Resultados: Respecto de la cefalea y dolor lumbar 24 h posteriores a la anestesia espinal se identificaron seis estudios entre 1988-2008, teniendo en cuenta los criterios de elegibilidad. Se observaron 41 cefaleas (16.9 por ciento de 242) y 24 dolor lumbar (21.6 por ciento de 111) entre pacientes asignados a una ambulación temprana (DT), comparado con 54 cefaleas (22.3 por ciento de 207) y 32 dolor lumbar (27.5 por ciento de 116) entre pacientes con anestesia espinal asignados al grupo control (RR=0.67, 95 por ciento CI 0.44,1.02; y RR= 0.79, IC 95 por ciento 0.46, 1.34 respectivamente). Conclusión: El meta-análisis sugiere que puede existir beneficio hacia una disminución de cefalea y dolor lumbar en pacientes que reciben AT posterior a anestesia espinal.


Objective: To determine the impact of early ambulation (EA) versus late ambulation on total headache and back pain after spinal anaesthesia. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis, used data Sources such as MEDLINE, CINAhL online, HealthStar, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library Controlled Trials Registry, LILACS and experts. Methods: Published randomized controlled trials in all languages comparing spinal anesthesia patients allocated to any in-hospital early ambulation or a control/standard treatment (bed rest). Four reviewers independently assessed study eligibility and quality; and also performed data extraction. We calculated relative risks (RRs) and 95 percent confdence intervals (CIs) using the random-effects model. Outcomes: cefalea or back pain 24 h post-spinal anaesthesia. Results: Six studies met our eligibility criteria published between 1988-2008. There were 41 cefalea events (16.9 percent of 242) and 24 back pain events (21.6 percent of 111) among patients receiving EM, compared with 54 cefalea events ( 22.3 percent of 207) and 32 back pain events (27.5 percent of 116) among spinal patients receiving control treatment (for cefalea RR=0.67, 95 percent CI 0.44,1.02; and for lumbar pain RR= 0.79, IC 95 percent 0.46, 1.34). Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggests that there is a possible beneft towards decreased cefalea and back pain with EA after spinal anaesthesia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Deambulação Precoce/enfermagem , Deambulação Precoce/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/enfermagem , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Int J Nurs Stud ; 46(11): 1496-504, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19411076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of early mobilisation (EM) on total mortality and non-fatal re-infarction after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, HealthStar, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library Controlled Trials Registry and experts. METHODS: Target studies included published and unpublished experimental, controlled studies in any language comparing AMI patients allocated to any in-hospital early mobilisation or a control/standard treatment. Two reviewers independently assessed study eligibility and quality and performed data extraction. We calculated relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using the random-effects model. OUTCOMES: All-cause mortality or re-infarction up to 1-year post-AMI. RESULTS: Out of 385 potentially relevant studies, 14 met our eligibility criteria (13 published before 1983). There were 149 deaths (9.3% of 1607) and 82 non-fatal re-infarctions (5.2% of 1580) among post-AMI patients receiving EM, compared with 179 deaths (11.6% of 1541) and 80 non-fatal re-infarctions (5.3% of 1518) among AMI patients receiving control treatment (RR=0.85, 95% CI 0.68, 1.05 and RR=1.02, 95% CI 0.75, 1.39 respectively). CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis demonstrated a trend towards decreased mortality with EM after AMI. However, there is uncertainty about early mobilisation and more research should be developed having into account all kind of differences among patients receiving treatment after AMI worldwide.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Caminhada , Humanos
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