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1.
Am J Dent ; 33(1): 17-24, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056410

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To review and assess the literature on in vitro studies evaluating tooth bleaching efficacy considering the use of a negative control, type of tooth substrate, storage medium, color evaluation methods, and evaluation time points. METHODS: The following databases were searched: PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science. Search used Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in PubMed in addition to free text. The following limits were applied: English, articles published between January 1989 and October 2017. Additional free text key terms included: in vitro, tooth bleaching, placebo, negative control, overall CIELAB color change (ΔE*ab), change in shade guide units (ΔSGU), tooth color stabilization, evaluation time points, bovine teeth, and staining. Search was repeated in Web of Science but no additional articles were identified. A total of 11 studies were included for qualitative and quantitative analysis. RESULTS: The meta-analysis of nine included studies that reported ΔE*ab values, revealed that the NC statistically exceeded the perceptibility threshold (PT) of 1.2 (P< 0.05). The estimate was 2.872 with lower and upper bounds of 1.955 and 3.790, respectively. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Randomized controlled trials are gold standards to evaluate bleaching efficacy of different materials. However, in vitro studies offer a way to screen for potential bleaching efficacy. It is vital to determine an appropriate cut-off value for determining bleaching efficacy in vitro and further apply for clinical relevance.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Cor , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
2.
J Endod ; 41(1): 1-10, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25306305

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clinicians are regularly confronted with difficult choices. Should a tooth that has not healed through nonsurgical root canal treatment be treated through endodontic microsurgery or be replaced using a single implant? Acquiring complete, unbiased information to help clinicians and their patients make these choices requires a systematic review of the literature on treatment outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the outcomes of tooth retention through endodontic microsurgery to tooth replacement using an implant supported single crown. METHODS: Searches performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases were enriched by citation mining. Inclusion criteria were defined. Sentinel articles were identified and included in the final selection of studies. Weighted survival and success rates for single implants and endodontic microsurgery were calculated. RESULTS: The quality of the articles reporting on single implants and endodontic microsurgery was moderate. Data for single implants were much more plentiful than for endodontic microsurgery, but the endodontic microsurgery studies had a slightly higher quality rating. Single implants and endodontic microsurgery were not directly compared in the literature. Outcomes criteria were often unclear. At 4-6 years, single implants had higher survival rates than teeth treated with endodontic microsurgery. Qualitatively different success criteria precluded valid comparison of success rates. CONCLUSIONS: Survival rates for single implants and endodontic microsurgery were both high (higher for single implants). Appraisal was limited by a lack of direct treatment comparisons. Long-term studies with a broad range of carefully defined outcomes criteria are needed.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Microcirurgia/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Coroas , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Humanos , Extração Dentária , Resultado do Tratamento
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