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1.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although pre-surgical nasal decontamination with mupirocin (NDM) has been advocated as a measure for preventing post-surgical mediastinitis (PSM) due to Staphylococcus aureus, this strategy is not universally recommended due to the lack of robust supporting evidence. We aimed to evaluate the role of pre-operative NDM in the annual incidence of S. aureus PSM at our institution. METHODS: An interrupted time-series analysis, with autoregressive error model, was applied to our single-center cohort by comparing pre-intervention (1990-2003) and post-intervention period (2005 to 2018). Logistic regression was performed to analyze risk factors for S. aureus PSM. FINDINGS: 12,236 sternotomy procedures were analyzed (6,370 [52.1%] and 5,866 [47.9%] in the pre-intervention and post-intervention periods, respectively). The mean annual percentage adherence to NDM estimated over the post-interventional period was 90.2%. Only four out of 127 total cases of S. aureus PSM occurred during the 14-years post-intervention period (0.68/1,000 sternotomies vs. 19.31/1,000 in pre-interventional period [p<0.0001]). Interrupted time-series analysis demonstrated a statistically significant annual reduction of S. aureus PSM trend of -9.85 cases per 1,000 sternotomies (-13.17 to -6.5, P-value< 0·0001) in 2005, with a decreasing trend maintained over the following five years with an estimated relative reduction of 84.8% (95% CI: 89·25 to 74·09). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was the single independent risk factor for S. aureus PSM (odds ratio: 3.7; 95% CI: 1.72-7.93) and was equally distributed in patients undergoing sternotomy during pre or post-intervention periods. INTERPRETATION: Our experience suggests that the implementation of pre-operative NDM reduces significantly the incidence of S. aureus PSM.

2.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 26(5): 296-299, sep.-oct. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092941

RESUMO

Resumen Se describe el caso de una mujer de 68 años que presentaba insuficiencia tricuspídea severa con ventrículo derecho dilatado, función sistólica levemente deprimida y ventrículo izquierdo no dilatado con fracción de eyección del 47%. Se intervino mediante cirugía realizándose una sustitución valvular tricúspide por prótesis mecánica ATS n( 33 e implante de electrodo de marcapasos epicárdico definitivo. En el postoperatorio inmediato presentó ascenso persistente del segmento ST en la cara inferior. Se implantó balón de contrapulsación intraaórtico y en el ecocardiograma urgente se observó disfunción ventricular global con aquinesia de la cara inferior. Se realizó coronariografía urgente observándose una imagen de angulación y deformidad a nivel distal de la arteria coronaria derecha no presente en la coronariografía prequirúrgica que sugería tracción externa del vaso, probablemente en relación con la sutura quirúrgica. Se intervino en forma percutánea implantándose stent farmacoactivo con lo cual se recuperó el flujo distal y se normalizó el segmento ST. La proximidad del anillo tricúspide a estructuras anatómicas como la arteria coronaria derecha hace posible su lesión durante la cirugía. El daño iatrogénico de la arteria coronaria derecha requiere diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz. Por ello esta complicación se debe incluir en el diagnóstico diferencial de disfunción ventricular derecha tras cirugía cardiaca.


Abstract The case is presented on a 68 year-old woman with severe tricuspid insufficiency. She also had a dilated right ventricle, a slightly depressed systolic function, and an undilated left ventricle with an ejection fraction of 47%. We treated her surgically, the tricuspid valve replacement was carried out with an ATS Nº 33 mechanical prosthesis and implanted a permanent epicardial pacemaker lead. In the immediate post operative period, she presented a persistent ST segment elevation on the inferior wall. An intra-aortic balloon pump was implanted; the urgent echocardiogram showed a global ventricular dysfunction with akinesia of the inferior wall. An urgent coronary angiography was performed, with an image of angulation and deformity being observed at distal level of the right coronary artery that was not present in the pre-surgical coronary angiography, which suggested an external traction of the vessela probably associated with a surgical suture. Percutaneous intervention was carried out, with a drug-eluting stent being implanted. It was percutaneously treated by implanting a drug-eluting stent restoring distal blood flow and normalizing the ST segment. The proximity of the tricuspid ring to anatomical structures like the right coronary artery means that it could be damaged during surgery. The iatrogenic damage to the right coronary artery requires an early diagnosis and treatment. For this reason, this complication must be included in the differential diagnosis of right ventricular dysfunction after cardiac surgery.

3.
Transplantation ; 102(11): 1901-1908, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29979343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), as defined using the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcome classification, after heart transplantation (HT). Our objective was to evaluate the impact of AKI in a cohort of HT recipients. (Setting: University Hospital.) METHODS: We studied 310 consecutive HT recipients from 1999 to 2017, with AKI being defined according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcome criteria. Risk factors were analyzed by multivariable analyses, and survival by Kaplan-Meier curves and a risk-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression model. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-five (40.3%) patients developed AKI, with 73 (23.5%), 18 (5.8%), and 34 (11%) patients having AKI stages 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Cardiac tamponade (odds ratio [OR], 16.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-138), acute right ventricular failure (OR, 3.54; 95% CI, 1.82-6.88), and major bleeding (OR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.18-5.1) were the principal risk factors for AKI. Patients with AKI had a greater hospital mortality (3.8% vs 16%, P < 0.05), especially those requiring renal replacement therapy (46.9% vs 5.4%, P = 0.006). Acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy was independently associated with hospital mortality (OR, 11.03; 95% CI, 4.08-29.8). With a median follow-up after hospital discharge of 6.7 years (interquartile range, 2.4-11.6), overall survival at 1, 5, and 10 years was 95.4%, 85.1%, and 75.4% versus 85.2%, 69.8% and 63.5% among patients without AKI and with AKI stages 2 to 3, respectively (P = 0.08). CONCLUSIONS: The onset of AKI after HT is mainly associated with postoperative complications. Only severe AKI stage predicts worse short-term outcome, with this impact appearing to be lost at long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 149(1): 1-8, jul. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-164384

RESUMO

Fundamento y objetivo: La cirugía de tromboendarterectomía pulmonar es el tratamiento de elección para la hipertensión pulmonar tromboembólica crónica; un factor de riesgo para la mortalidad hospitalaria son las resistencias vasculares pulmonares muy elevadas. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar los resultados inmediatos y a largo plazo de la cirugía para la hipertensión pulmonar tromboembólica crónica en pacientes con hipertensión pulmonar muy grave. Material y métodos: Desde febrero de 1996 hemos realizado 160 tromboendarterectomías pulmonares. Dividimos esta población en grupo 1 -40 pacientes con resistencias vasculares pulmonares ≥ 1.090dinas/s/cm-5- y grupo 2 -los 120 restantes-. Resultados: La mortalidad hospitalaria (15 frente a 2,5%), el edema pulmonar de reperfusión (33 frente a 14%) y la insuficiencia cardiaca (23 frente a 3,3%) fueron significativamente mayores en el grupo 1; pero al año, no hay diferencia en la situación clínica, hemodinámica y ecocardiográfica con el grupo 2. La supervivencia a los 5 años fue del 77% en el grupo 1 y del 92% en el grupo 2 (p=0,033). Excluyendo los primeros 46 enfermos, considerados curva de aprendizaje, no hubo diferencia en la mortalidad hospitalaria (3,8 frente a 2,3%) ni en la supervivencia (96,2% en el grupo 1 y 96,2% en el grupo 2 a los 5 años). Conclusiones: La tromboendarterectomía pulmonar tiene una morbimortalidad inicial mayor en pacientes con hipertensión pulmonar tromboembólica crónica muy grave, pero obtiene el mismo beneficio a medio-largo plazo. En nuestra experiencia, tras la curva de aprendizaje, la cirugía ofrece la misma seguridad y excelentes resultados a los pacientes más graves, y ninguna cifra de resistencias vasculares pulmonares debería ser considerada una contraindicación absoluta (AU)


Background and objective: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy surgery is the treatment of choice for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; extremely high pulmonary vascular resistance constitutes a risk factor for hospital mortality. The objective of this study was to analyze the immediate and long-term results of the surgical treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension in patients with very severe pulmonary hypertension. Material and methods: Since February 1996, we performed 160 pulmonary thromboendarterectomies. We divided the patient population in 2 groups: group 1, which included 40 patients with pulmonary vascular resistance≥1090dyn/sec/cm-5, and group 2, which included the remaining 120 patients. Results: Hospital mortality (15 vs. 2.5%), reperfusion pulmonary edema (33 vs. 14%) and heart failure (23 vs. 3.3%) were all higher in group 1; however, after one year of follow-up, there were no significant differences in the clinical, hemodynamic and echocardiographic conditions of both groups. Survival rate after 5 years was 77% in group 1 and 92% in group 2 (P=.033). After the learning curve including the 46 first patients, there was no difference in hospital mortality (3.8 vs. 2.3%) or survival rate after 5 years (96.2% in group 1 and 96.2% in group 2). Conclusions: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy is linked to significantly higher morbidity and mortality rates in patients with severe chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Nevertheless, these patients benefit the same from the procedure in the mid-/long-term. In our experience, after the learning curve, this surgery is safe in severe pulmonary hypertension and no level of pulmonary vascular resistance should be an absolute counter-indication for this surgery (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Endarterectomia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Doença Crônica , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Segurança do Paciente
5.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 149(1): 1-8, 2017 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28233561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy surgery is the treatment of choice for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; extremely high pulmonary vascular resistance constitutes a risk factor for hospital mortality. The objective of this study was to analyze the immediate and long-term results of the surgical treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension in patients with very severe pulmonary hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since February 1996, we performed 160 pulmonary thromboendarterectomies. We divided the patient population in 2 groups: group 1, which included 40 patients with pulmonary vascular resistance≥1090dyn/sec/cm-5, and group 2, which included the remaining 120 patients. RESULTS: Hospital mortality (15 vs. 2.5%), reperfusion pulmonary edema (33 vs. 14%) and heart failure (23 vs. 3.3%) were all higher in group 1; however, after one year of follow-up, there were no significant differences in the clinical, hemodynamic and echocardiographic conditions of both groups. Survival rate after 5 years was 77% in group 1 and 92% in group 2 (P=.033). After the learning curve including the 46 first patients, there was no difference in hospital mortality (3.8 vs. 2.3%) or survival rate after 5 years (96.2% in group 1 and 96.2% in group 2). CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy is linked to significantly higher morbidity and mortality rates in patients with severe chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Nevertheless, these patients benefit the same from the procedure in the mid-/long-term. In our experience, after the learning curve, this surgery is safe in severe pulmonary hypertension and no level of pulmonary vascular resistance should be an absolute counter-indication for this surgery.


Assuntos
Endarterectomia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 51(10): 502-508, oct. 2015. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-142399

RESUMO

Introducción: La tromboendarterectomía pulmonar es el tratamiento de elección en la hipertensión pulmonar tromboembólica crónica. Presentamos nuestra serie completa con esta técnica. Métodos: Desde febrero de 1996 hasta junio de 2014, hemos realizado 106 tromboendarterectomías. Analizamos las características de la población, la mortalidad y morbilidad asociadas a la técnica y los resultados a largo plazo de supervivencia, mejoría funcional y resolución de la hipertensión pulmonar. Resultados: La edad media de la población fue 53 ± 14 años. El 89% estaba en clase funcional III-IV de la OMS. La presión pulmonar media prequirúrgica fue 49 ± 13 mmHg y las resistencias vasculares pulmonares 831 ± 364 dinas.s.cm-5. La mortalidad hospitalaria fue 6,6%. La morbilidad postoperatoria más relevante fue debida al edema pulmonar por reperfusión en el 20%, que fue factor de riesgo independiente (p = 0,015) para mortalidad hospitalaria. Con una mediana de seguimiento de 31 meses (rango intercuartil 50), la supervivencia a los 3 y 5 años es 90 y 84%. Al año de seguimiento, el 91% está en clase funcional I-II de la OMS, la presión pulmonar media en 27 ± 11 mmHg y las resistencias pulmonares vasculares en 275 ± 218 dinas.s.cm-5 (significativamente menores (p < 0,05) que las basales). En 14 pacientes se diagnosticó hipertensión pulmonar persistente; aun así, su supervivencia es, a los 3 y 5 años, 91 y 73%, respectivamente. Conclusiones: La tromboendarterectomía pulmonar ofrece resultados excelentes en el tratamiento de la hipertensión pulmonar tromboembólica crónica. Proporciona una elevada supervivencia a largo plazo, mejora la capacidad funcional y resuelve la hipertensión pulmonar en la mayoría de los pacientes


Introduction: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy is the treatment of choice in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. We report our experience with this technique. Methods: Between February 1996 and June 2014, we performed 106 pulmonary thromboendarterectomies. Patient population, morbidity and mortality and the long-term results of this technique (survival, functional improvement and resolution of pulmonary hypertension) are described. Results: Subjects' mean age was 53 ± 14 years. A total of 89% were WHO functional class III–IV, presurgery mean pulmonary pressure was 49 ± 13 mmHg and mean pulmonary vascular resistance was 831 ± 364 dynes s cm-5. In-hospital mortality was 6.6%. The most important post-operative morbidity was reperfusion pulmonary injury, in 20% of patients; this was an independent risk factor (P = .015) for hospital mortality. With a 31-month median follow-up (interquartile range: 50), 3- and 5-year survival was 90% and 84% respectively. At 1 year, 91% were WHO functional class I–II; mean pulmonary pressure (27 ± 11 mmHg) and pulmonary vascular resistance (275 ± 218 dynes s cm-5) were significantly lower (P < .05) than before the intervention. Although residual pulmonary hypertension was detected in 14 patients, their survival at 3 and 5 years was 91% and 73%, respectively. Conclusions: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy offers excellent results in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Long-term survival is good, functional capacity improves, and pulmonary hypertension is resolved in most patients


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Endarterectomia/instrumentação , Endarterectomia/métodos , Endarterectomia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Sobrevivência/fisiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Relação Ventilação-Perfusão/fisiologia , Esternotomia , Seguimentos , Intervalos de Confiança
7.
Arch Bronconeumol ; 51(10): 502-8, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25605526

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy is the treatment of choice in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. We report our experience with this technique. METHODS: Between February 1996 and June 2014, we performed 106 pulmonary thromboendarterectomies. Patient population, morbidity and mortality and the long-term results of this technique (survival, functional improvement and resolution of pulmonary hypertension) are described. RESULTS: Subjects' mean age was 53±14 years. A total of 89% were WHO functional class III-IV, presurgery mean pulmonary pressure was 49±13mmHg and mean pulmonary vascular resistance was 831±364 dynes.s.cm(-5). In-hospital mortality was 6.6%. The most important post-operative morbidity was reperfusion pulmonary injury, in 20% of patients; this was an independent risk factor (p=0.015) for hospital mortality. With a 31-month median follow-up (interquartile range: 50), 3- and 5-year survival was 90 and 84%. At 1 year, 91% were WHO functional class I-II; mean pulmonary pressure (27±11mmHg) and pulmonary vascular resistance (275±218 dynes.s.cm(-5)) were significantly lower (p<0.05) than before the intervention. Although residual pulmonary hypertension was detected in 14 patients, their survival at 3 and 5 years was 91 and 73%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy offers excellent results in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Long-term survival is good, functional capacity improves, and pulmonary hypertension is resolved in most patients.


Assuntos
Endarterectomia/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Doença Crônica , Endarterectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida , Hipóxia/etiologia , Hipóxia/terapia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , Respiração Artificial , Trombectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Resistência Vascular , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 134(3): 670-6, 2007 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17723816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Determining the acquisition routes of infection is crucial to designing specific preventive approaches against Staphylococcus aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis. METHODS: From 2002 to 2004, a nasal sample was obtained from patients before cardiac surgery. We collected clinical and microbiologic data of all episodes of S aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis. A case-control study (3:1) was performed to confirm the role of previous preoperative nasal colonization by S aureus as a risk factor for S aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis molecular analysis of nasal and surgical site S aureus isolates was performed to analyze their relatedness in each patient with poststernotomy mediastinitis and with other patients of the study cohort. RESULTS: S aureus nasal cultures were positive in 228 (15.9%) of 1432 patients: methicillin-susceptible S aureus in 222 (15.5%) and meticillin-resistant S aureus in 6 (0.4%). S aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis was diagnosed in 17 (1.2%) of 1432 patients: 9 (3.95%) of 228 in colonized patients versus 8 (0.66%) of 1204 in noncolonized patients (P < .0001). Seven of 9 patients (1.2%) with methicillin-susceptible S aureus had an identical isolate by pulsed field gel electrophoresis in preoperative nasal and surgical-site cultures, but no clonal relatedness was shown among the isolates from these 9 patients. None of the 8 patients with methicillin-resistant S aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis had an identical isolate by pulsed field gel electrophoresis in preoperative nasal and surgical-site cultures, and the same clone of methicillin-resistant S aureus was responsible for all these cases. CONCLUSIONS: Endogenous [corrected] nasal colonization often precedes methicillin-resistant S aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis, which suggests that preoperative [corrected] decontamination is adequate for preventing methicillin-susceptible [corrected] S aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis, whereas hospital infection control measures seem to be the major factor for preventing methicillin-resistant S aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis.


Assuntos
Mediastinite/microbiologia , Mediastinite/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Infecções Estafilocócicas/etiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/prevenção & controle , Esterno/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nariz/microbiologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação
9.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 25(1): 128-30, 2006 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16399542

RESUMO

We report a case of myocardial tuberculosis in an 18-year-old male. He had been diagnosed with isolated asymmetrical septal hypertrophy cardiomyopathy and presented severe congestive heart failure for 4 months. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance studies showed localized echodense shadows and cavities in the thickness of the left ventricle myocardium with severe myocardial dysfunction. No contraindications for cardiac transplantation were found and this was planned and performed. Histology of the myocardium was consistent with the diagnosis of myocardial tuberculosis. The patient's post-operative course was uneventful, and he was discharged with anti-tuberculosis medication.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Tuberculose Cardiovascular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda
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