Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 183
Filtrar
1.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813981

RESUMO

Zanthoxylum pistaciifolium Griseb. is a tree endemic to Cuba, occasionally used in herbal medicine. Previously, the antitrypanosomal activity of a n-hexane-2-butanone extract of Z. pistaciifolium leaves and of its constituent skimmianine were published. In the current study a more thorough examination of the respective extract is performed, which led to the isolation and identification of three flavonoids, more specifically, the flavonol-3-O-methylethers kaempferol-3-O-methylether (1) and novel compounds kaempferol-3-O-methylether-5-O-ß-D-glucoside (2) and kaempferol-8-hydroxy-3,7-O-dimethylether-5-O-ß-D-glucoside (3). All compounds were screened for their antimicrobial and antiprotozoal activity and cytotoxicity towards MRC-5 SV2 cells. Compound 1 showed a moderate to weak activity against Trypanosoma cruzi (IC50 30.8 µM), T. brucei (IC50 15.4 µM) and Plasmodium falciparum (IC50 53.8 µM), but also showed cytotoxicity (CC50 19.0 µM). Compounds 2 and 3 did not display activity in any of the assays (IC50 and CC50 > 64 µM).

2.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 73(4): 553-559, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the main chemical components and the anti-inflammatory activity of extracts of Adelia ricinella L. aerial parts. METHODS: Three extracts obtained by soxhlet extraction and ethanol/water mixtures were evaluated in their chemical composition by UPLC-DAD-MS/MS. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of the prepared extracts was assessed through three different assays: COX-1 and COX-2 enzymatic inhibition, cell-based COX assays on RAW264.7 macrophages (ATCC) measuring the COX-2 protein expression by Western blot and the measurement of the PGE2 concentration in the supernatants of the culture medium. Also was determinate the effect of the three extracts on the RAW 264.7 cell viability. KEY FINDINGS: Few differences in the phytochemical profile were found between the three prepared extracts, identifying a blend of thirteen flavonoids derived from luteolin and apigenin, with orientin as main constituent. Plant extracts (alcoholic and aqueous) did not affect the macrophage cell viability (IC50 > 256 µg/ml) and significantly reduced COX-1 and COX-2 enzyme activities. Additionally, COX-2 expression and PGE2 release were suppressed after 24 h of LPS stimulation and treatment with plant extracts (8-64 µg/ml). CONCLUSIONS: A. ricinella extracts showed the ability to reduce the inflammatory effect exerted by LPS in murine macrophages. However, further studies should confirm their anti-inflammatory activity.

3.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(3)2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799778

RESUMO

Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom preparations have been investigated because of their ability to modulate the immune function. However, there is still no consensus regarding the activation and polarizing effect on macrophages by Pleurotus-derived bioproducts. This study examined the immune-activating effect of a mycelium-derived P. ostreatus aqueous extract (HW-Pm) on macrophage functions, by means of the determination of nitric oxide (NO) production, the mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), Arginase-1 and FIZZ and the cytokine levels. The phagocytic activity and the activation of NF-κB in U937 reporter cells were also investigated. No cytotoxicity was observed in macrophages treated with HW-Pm (IC50 > 1024 µg/mL) by the resazurin test. HW-Pm induced high levels of NO production and iNOS expression in macrophages. In contrast, HW-Pm did not induce Arginase-1 and FIZZ mRNA expressions. The mushroom extract increased TNF-α and IL-6 production and the phagocytic function in murine macrophages. It also stimulated the activation of the NF-κB promoter. The P. ostreatus mycelium extract has a potential application as a natural immune-enhancing agent, by targeting macrophage activation towards the classically activated subset and stimulating macrophage-mediated innate immune responses.

4.
J Nat Prod ; 84(3): 666-675, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667089

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of the n-BuOH extract of the roots of Terminalia albida Sc. Elliot (Combretaceae) led to the isolation and identification of 10 oleanane triterpenoids (1-10), among which six new compounds, i.e., albidanoside A (2), albidic acid A (4), albidinolic acid (5), albidienic acid (8), albidolic acid (9), and albidiolic acid (10), and two triterpenoid aglycones, i.e., albidic acid B (6) and albidic acid C (7), were isolated here for the first time from a natural source, along with two known compounds. The structures of these constituents were established by means of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and ESI mass spectrometry. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their antiplasmodial and antimicrobial activity against the chloroquine-resistant strain Plasmodium falciparum K1, Candida albicans, and Staphylococcus aureus. Compounds 1-4, 6, 7, and 8 showed moderate antiplasmodial activity with IC50 values between 5 and 15 µM. None of the tested compounds were active against C. albicans or S. aureus. These findings emphasize the potential of T. albida as a source for discovery of new antiplasmodial compounds.

5.
Molecules ; 26(4)2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578815

RESUMO

Coccoloba cowellii Britton (Polygonaceae) is an endemic and critically endangered plant that only grows in Camagüey, a province of Cuba. In this study, a total of 13 compounds were identified in a methanolic leaf extract, employing a dereplication of the UHPLC-HRMS data by means of feature-based molecular networking (FBMN) analysis in the Global Natural Products Social Molecular Network (GNPS), together with the interpretation of the MS/MS data and comparison with the literature. The major constituents were glucuronides and glycosides of myricetin and quercetin, as well as epichatechin-3-O-gallate, catechin, epicatechin and gallic acid, all of them being reported for the first time in C. cowellii leaves. The leaf extract was also tested against various microorganisms, and it showed a strong antifungal effect against Candida albicans ATCC B59630 (azole-resistant) (IC50 2.1 µg/mL) and Cryptococcus neoformans ATCC B66663 (IC50 4.1 µg/mL) with no cytotoxicity (CC50 > 64.0 µg/mL) on MRC-5 SV2 cells, determined by the resazurin assay. Additionally, the extract strongly inhibited COX-1 and COX-2 enzyme activity using a cell-free experiment in a dose-dependent manner, being significantly more active on COX-1 (IC50 4.9 µg/mL) than on COX-2 (IC50 10.4 µg/mL). The constituents identified as well as the pharmacological activities measured highlight the potential of C. cowellii leaves, increasing the interest in the implementation of conservation strategies for this species.

6.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533668

RESUMO

Malassezia spp. are lipophilic fungi that are part of the normal flora of the human skin and are the etiological agents of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. ß-Carbonic Anhydrases (CAs; EC 4.2.1.1) expressed from the pathogenic fungi are an alternative/complementary drug target. Previous work by our groups demonstrated that flavonoids and depsides can effectively inhibit Malassezia globosa ß-CA (MgCA). In continuation of this study herein we report the inhibitory activity of a variety of phenols from Origanum dictamnus L. and Thymus vulgaris L. against ß-MgCA, among them I4-II7-di-carvacrol, a new natural product. Structure elucidation of the compounds was performed by 1 D, 2 D NMR and spectrometric analyses. Xanthomicrol and rosmarinic acid were active in the (sub)micromolar range (KIS 0.6 and 2.2 µM, respectively vs 40.0 µM of the standard inhibitor acetazolamide). Finally, the compounds were not cytotoxic, but showed in vitro no activity against Malassezia furfur.

7.
Molecules ; 25(23)2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255562

RESUMO

Essential oils (EOs) are known for their use in cosmetics, food industries, and traditional medicine. This study presents the chemical composition and therapeutic properties against kinetoplastid and eukaryotic cells of the EO from Melaleucaleucadendra (L.) L. (Myrtaceae). Forty-five compounds were identified in the oil by GC-MS, containing a major component the 1,8-cineole (61%). The EO inhibits the growth of Leishmania amazonensis and Trypanosoma brucei at IC50 values <10 µg/mL. However, 1,8 cineole was not the main compound responsible for the activity. Against malignant (22Rv1, MCF-7, EFO-21, including resistant sublines MCF-7/Rap and MCF-7/4OHTAMO) and non-malignant (MCF-10A, J774A.1 and peritoneal macrophage) cells, IC50 values from 55 to 98 µg/mL and from 94 to 144 µg/mL were obtained, respectively. However, no activity was observed on Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger, Candida parapsilosis, Microsporum canis, or Trypanosoma cruzi. The EO was able to control the lesion size and parasite burden in the model of cutaneous leishmaniasis in BALB/c mice caused by L. amazonensis compared to untreated animals (p < 0.05) and similar with those treated with Glucantime® (p > 0.05). This work constitutes the first evidence of antiproliferative potentialities of EO from M. leucadendra growing in Cuba and could promote further preclinical investigations to confirm the medical value of this plant, in particular for leishmaniasis treatment.

8.
Eur J Med Chem ; : 113021, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33248851

RESUMO

Leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS) is a clinically validated target for the development of antimicrobials. This enzyme catalyzes the formation of charged tRNALeu molecules, an essential substrate for protein translation. In the first step of catalysis LeuRS activates leucine using ATP, forming a leucyl-adenylate intermediate. Bi-substrate inhibitors that mimic this chemically labile phosphoanhydride-linked nucleoside have proven to be potent inhibitors of different members of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family but, to date, they have demonstrated poor antibacterial activity. We synthesized a small series of 1,5-anhydrohexitol-based analogues coupled to a variety of triazoles and performed detailed structure-activity relationship studies with bacterial LeuRS. In an in vitro assay, Kiapp values in the nanomolar range were demonstrated. Inhibitory activity differences between the compounds revealed that the polarity and size of the triazole substituents affect binding. X-ray crystallographic studies of N. gonorrhoeae LeuRS in complex with all the inhibitors highlighted the crucial interactions defining their relative enzyme inhibitory activities. We further examined their in vitro antimicrobial properties by screening against several bacterial and yeast strains. While only weak antibacterial activity against M. tuberculosis was detected, the extensive structural data which were obtained could make these LeuRS inhibitors a suitable starting point towards further antibiotic development.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 267: 113624, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246123

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Terminalia albida (Combretaceae), widely used in Guinean traditional medicine, showed promising activity against Plasmodium falciparum and Candida albicans in previous studies. Bioassay-guided fractionation was carried out in order to isolate the compounds responsible for these activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fractionation and isolation were performed by flash chromatography, followed by semi-preparative HPLC-DAD-MS. The structural elucidation of the isolated compounds was carried out by 1D and 2D NMR as well as HR-ESI-MS. Isolated compounds were evaluated against Plasmodium falciparum, Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, and their cytotoxicity against MRC-5 cells was determined. RESULTS: Bioassay-guided fractionation of Terminalia albida root resulted in the isolation of 14 compounds (1-14), and their antimicrobial properties were evaluated. Pantolactone (1) (IC50 0.60 ± 0.03 µM) demonstrated significant activity against P. falciparum. Other compounds, including 3,4,3'-tri-O-methyl-ellagic acid (3), the triterpenes arjunolic acid (5), arjungenin (6), arjunic acid (7) and arjunglucoside II (10), and the phenol glycoside calophymembranside-B (14), were less active and showed IC50 values in the range 5-15 µM. None of the tested compound showed antibacterial or antifungal activity. CONCLUSION: These results may explain at least in part the activity of the root extract of T. albida against P. falciparum.

10.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 9(11)2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121046

RESUMO

Plants are phytochemical hubs containing antioxidants, essential for normal plant functioning and adaptation to environmental cues and delivering beneficial properties for human health. Therefore, knowledge on the antioxidant potential of different plant species and their nutraceutical and pharmaceutical properties is of utmost importance. Exploring this scientific research field provides fundamental clues on (1) plant stress responses and their adaptive evolution to harsh environmental conditions and (2) (new) natural antioxidants with a functional versatility to prevent and treat human pathologies. These natural antioxidants can be valorized via plant-derived foods and products. Cuba contains an enormously rich plant biodiversity harboring a great antioxidant potential. Besides opening new avenues for the implementation of sustainable agroecological practices in crop production, it will also contribute to new strategies to preserve plant biodiversity and simultaneously improve nature management policies in Cuba. This review provides an overview on the beneficial properties of antioxidants for plant protection and human health and is directed to the valorization of these plant antioxidants, emphasizing the need for biodiversity conservation.

11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17268, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057006

RESUMO

Dry eye syndrome (DES), a multifactorial disorder which leads to ocular discomfort, visual disturbance and tear film instability, has a rising prevalence and limited treatment options. In this study, a newly developed trypsin-like serine protease inhibitor (UAMC-00050) in a tear drop formulation was evaluated to treat ocular inflammation. A surgical animal model of dry eye was employed to investigate the potential of UAMC-00050 on dry eye pathology. Animals treated with UAMC-00050 displayed a significant reduction in ocular surface damage after evaluation with sodium fluorescein, compared to untreated, vehicle treated and cyclosporine-treated animals. The concentrations of IL-1α and TNF-α were also significantly reduced in tear fluid from UAMC-00050-treated rats. Additionally, inflammatory cell infiltration in the palpebral conjunctiva (CD3 and CD45), was substantially reduced. An accumulation of pro-MMP-9 and a decrease in active MMP-9 were found in tear fluid from animals treated with UAMC-00050, suggesting that trypsin-like serine proteases play a role in activating MMP-9 in ocular inflammation in this animal model. Comparative qRT-PCR analyses on ocular tissue indicated the upregulation of tryptase, urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2). The developed UAMC-00050 formulation was stable up to 6 months at room temperature in the absence of light, non-irritating and sterile with compatible pH and osmolarity. These results provide a proof-of-concept for the in vivo modifying potential of UAMC-00050 on dry eye pathology and suggest a central role of trypsin-like serine proteases and PAR2 in dry eye derived ocular inflammation.

12.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(15)2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32751210

RESUMO

Additive manufacturing technologies have been widely used in the medical field. More specifically, fused filament fabrication (FFF) 3D-printing technology has been thoroughly investigated to produce drug delivery systems. Recently, few researchers have explored the possibility of directly 3D printing such systems without the need for producing a filament which is usually the feedstock material for the printer. This was possible via direct feeding of a mixture consisting of the carrier polymer and the required drug. However, as this direct feeding approach shows limited homogenizing abilities, it is vital to investigate the effect of the pre-mixing step on the quality of the 3D printed products. Our study investigates the two commonly used mixing approaches-solvent casting and powder mixing. For this purpose, polycaprolactone (PCL) was used as the main polymer under investigation and gentamicin sulfate (GS) was selected as a reference. The produced systems' efficacy was investigated for bacterial and biofilm prevention. Our data show that the solvent casting approach offers improved drug distribution within the polymeric matrix, as was observed from micro-computed topography and scanning electron microscopy visualization. Moreover, this approach shows a higher drug release rate and thus improved antibacterial efficacy. However, there were no differences among the tested approaches in terms of thermal and mechanical properties.

13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 263: 113232, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768641

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Guinea, medicinal plants play an important role in the management of infectious diseases including urinary disorders, skin diseases and oral diseases. This study was carried out to collect medicinal plant species employed for the treatment of these diseases and to investigate their antimicrobial potential. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on an ethnobotanical investigation carried out in three Guinean regions, 74 traditional healers and 28 herbalists were interviewed and medicinal plants were collected. The most quoted plant species were evaluated for their antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans, and in addition against Plasmodium falciparum. RESULTS: A total of 112 plant species belonging to 102 genera distributed over 42 botanical families were inventoried. Among the selected plant species, promising activities against C. albicans were obtained for the methanolic extracts of the stem bark of Terminalia albida (IC50 1.2 µg/ml), the leaves of Tetracera alnifolia (IC50 1.6 µg/ml) and the root bark of Swartzia madagascariensis (IC50 7.8 µg/ml). The highest activity against S. aureus was obtained for the dichloromethane extracts of the leaves of Pavetta crassipes (IC50 8.5 µg/ml) and the root of Swartzia madagascariensis (IC50 12.8 µg/ml). Twenty one extracts, obtained from twelve plant species, were strongly active against Plasmodium falciparum, including the dichloromethane extracts of the root and stem bark of Terminalia albida root (IC50 0.6 and 0.8 µg/ml), the leaves of Landolphia heudelotii (IC50 0.5 µg/ml), the stem bark of Combretum paniculatum (IC50 0.4 µg/ml) and the leaves of Gardenia ternifolia (IC50 1.3 µg/ml). CONCLUSION: The present study provides a comprehensive overview of medicinal plants employed by Guinean traditional healers for the treatment of various microbial diseases, including urinary disorders, skin diseases and oral diseases. Some of the studied plant species showed promising antimicrobial activity and could be considered as a potential source for the development of new antifungal and/or antimalarial agents.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 1596, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760374

RESUMO

Pneumonia, of which Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common causative agent, is considered one of the three top leading causes of death worldwide. As seen in other bacterial species, antimicrobial resistance is on the rise for this pathogen. Therefore, there is a pressing need for novel antimicrobial strategies to combat these infections. Recently, uridine diphosphate glucose pyrophosphorylase (UDPG:PP) has been put forward as a potential drug target worth investigating. Moreover, earlier research demonstrated that streptococci lacking a functional galU gene (encoding for UDPG:PP) were characterized by significantly reduced in vitro and in vivo virulence. Therefore, in this study we evaluated the anti-virulence activity of potential UDPG:PP inhibitors. They were selected in silico using a tailor-made streptococcal homology model, based on earlier listerial research. While the compounds didn't affect bacterial growth, nor affected in vitro adhesion to and phagocytosis in macrophages, the amount of polysaccharide capsule was significantly reduced after co-incubation with these inhibitors. Moreover, co-incubation proved to have a positive effect on survival in an in vivo Galleria mellonella larval infection model. Therefore, rather than targeting bacterial survival directly, these compounds proved to have an effect on streptococcal virulence by lowering the amount of polysaccharide and thereby probably boosting recognition of this pathogen by the innate immune system. While the compounds need adaptation to broaden their activity to more streptococcal strains rather than being strain-specific, this study consolidates UDPG:PP as a potential novel drug target.

15.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 64(10)2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690639

RESUMO

The occurrence and recurrence of mucosal biofilm-related Candida infections, such as oral and vulvovaginal candidiasis, are serious clinical issues. Vaginal infections caused by Candida spp., for example, affect 70 to 75% of women at least once during their lives. Miconazole (MCZ) is the preferred topical treatment against these fungal infections, yet it has only moderate antibiofilm activity. Through screening of a drug-repurposing library, we identified the quaternary ammonium compound domiphen bromide (DB) as an MCZ potentiator against Candida biofilms. DB displayed synergistic anti-Candida albicans biofilm activity with MCZ, reducing the number of viable biofilm cells 1,000-fold. In addition, the MCZ-DB combination also resulted in significant killing of biofilm cells of azole-resistant C. albicans, C. glabrata, and C. auris isolates. In vivo, the MCZ-DB combination had significantly improved activity in a vulvovaginal candidiasis rat model compared to that of single-compound treatments. Data from an artificial evolution experiment indicated that the development of resistance against the combination did not occur, highlighting the potential of MCZ-DB combination therapy to treat Candida biofilm-related infections.

16.
Pharmaceutics ; 12(6)2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517052

RESUMO

Fused filament fabrication (FFF) 3D printing technology is widely used in many fields. For almost a decade, medical researchers have been exploring the potential use of this technology for improving the healthcare sector. Advances in personalized medicine have been more achievable due to the applicability of producing drug delivery devices, which are explicitly designed based on patients' needs. For the production of these devices, a filament-which is the feedstock for the FFF 3D printer-consists of a carrier polymer (or polymers) and a loaded active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). This systematic review of the literature investigates the most widely used approaches for producing drug-loaded filaments. It also focusses on several factors, such as the polymeric carrier and the drug, loading capacity and homogeneity, processing conditions, and the intended applications. This review concludes that the filament preparation method has a significant effect on both the drug homogeneity within the polymeric carrier and drug loading efficiency.

17.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(7): 1037-1040, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602319

RESUMO

Seven tetracyclic spiro-alkaloids, i.e. glucoerysodine (1), erysodine (2), epi-erythratidine (3), erysovine (4), erythratidine (5), erysotrine (6) and erythraline (7) were isolated from the seeds of Erythrina latissima by means of conventional separation methods and HPLC-DAD-SPE-NMR. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic means. This is the first report on the isolation of compounds 3, 5 and 6 from this plant. Antiplasmodial activity against the chloroquine-resistant strain Plasmodium falciparum K1 and cytotoxicity against MRC-5 cells (human fetal lung fibroblast cells) was assessed in vitro. Erysodine (2) and erysovine (4) showed moderate activity (IC50 6.53 µM and 4.05 µM, respectively), compared with the standard chloroquine (IC50 = 0.14 µM). No cytotoxicity was observed in a concentration up to 64.0 µM.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antimaláricos/isolamento & purificação , Erythrina/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Alcaloides/química , Antimaláricos/química , Linhagem Celular , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Di-Hidro-beta-Eritroidina/análogos & derivados , Resistência a Medicamentos , Humanos , Alcaloides Indólicos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/química
18.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1730-1739, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822127

RESUMO

A series of readily accessible 1-(piperidin-3-yl)thymine amides was designed, synthesised and evaluated as Mycobacterium tuberculosis TMPK (MtbTMPK) inhibitors. In line with the modelling results, most inhibitors showed reasonable MtbTMPK inhibitory activity. Compounds 4b and 4i were slightly more potent than the parent compound 3. Moreover, contrary to the latter, amide analogue 4g was active against the avirulent M. tuberculosis H37Ra strain (MIC50=35 µM). This finding opens avenues for future modifications.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Antituberculosos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleosídeo-Fosfato Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Timina/farmacologia , Amidas/síntese química , Amidas/química , Antituberculosos/síntese química , Antituberculosos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/enzimologia , Núcleosídeo-Fosfato Quinase/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Timina/síntese química , Timina/química
19.
Viruses ; 11(11)2019 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698728

RESUMO

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a very important viral pathogen in children, immunocompromised and cardiopulmonary diseased patients and the elderly. Most of the published research with RSV was performed on RSV Long and RSV A2, isolated in 1956 and 1961, yet recent RSV isolates differ from these prototype strains. Additionally, these viruses have been serially passaged in cell culture, which may result in adaptations that affect virus-host interactions. We have isolated RSV from mucosal secretions of 12 patients in the winters 2016-2017 and 2017-2018, of which eight RSV-A subtypes and four RSV-B subtypes. Passage 3 of the isolates was assessed for viral replication kinetics and infectious virus production in HEp-2, A549 and BEAS-2B cells, thermal stability at 37 °C, 32 °C and 4 °C, syncytia formation, neutralization by palivizumab and mucin mRNA expression in infected A549 cells. We observed that viruses isolated in one RSV season show differences on the tested assays. Furthermore, comparison with RSV A2 and RSV B1 reveals for some RSV isolates differences in viral replication kinetics, thermal stability and fusion capacity. Major differences are, however, not observed and differences between the recent isolates and reference strains is, overall, similar to the observed variation in between the recent isolates. One clinical isolate (BE/ANT-A11/17) replicated very efficiently in all cell lines, and remarkably, even better than RSV A2 in the HEp-2 cell line.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/isolamento & purificação , Células A549 , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Bronquiolite/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Mucinas/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/virologia , Estações do Ano , Replicação Viral
20.
Intervirology ; 62(3-4): 134-144, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Differences have been observed in the susceptibility of macrophage cell lines to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. In this study, we evaluated whether the type of macrophage cell line and RSV strain used have an influence on the infectivity and production of progeny virus. METHODS: Both human and murine macrophage-like cell lines were infected with different RSV strains, both lab strains as well as clinical isolates. The infection was evaluated after 24 and 72 h by immunofluorescence staining and microscopic analysis, and the production of new virus particles was determined by plaque assay. RESULTS: Susceptibility of macrophages to RSV was influenced by the RSV strain used but was mostly dependent on the macrophage cell line. Numbers of infected cells and virus production were generally very low or absent in murine cell lines. In human cell lines, clear infection was observed associated with production of new virus particles. CONCLUSION: Differences in susceptibility of macrophage cell lines to RSV infection are primarily related to the species of origin of the cell line but are also influenced by the RSV strain.


Assuntos
Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Macrófagos/virologia , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Replicação Viral , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Camundongos , Carga Viral , Ensaio de Placa Viral
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...