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1.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; : 101684, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926349

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Vaginal mesh has been proven to be an effective aid in the treatment of cystocele. Could an ambulatory approach be feasible for the Uphold Lite®-mesh? HYPOTHESIS: We investigate the feasibility of an ambulatory approach of Uphold Lite® insertion in a well-selected population. Risk factors for a non-successful ambulatory approach are identified. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a retrospective case series of 236 women who underwent Uphold Lite® vaginal mesh insertion for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse at our center. Indications for surgery were symptomatic anterior and/or apical prolapse, stages POPQ≥2. We compared women having an ambulatory approach, to those having a one day hospitalization planned but needed to stay. Comparisons between percentages were calculated using the chi-square or Fisher's exact test, depending on the number of women in each group. The mean comparisons were performed using the Student t-test, and the median test comparisons by the Kruskal-Wallis test. A difference was considered significant if p<0.05. RESULTS: The most common reason for staying (85.7% of all ambulatory failures) after Uphold® surgery is the presence of an elevated post void residual. This complication was more found in the following: surgery in the afternoon, use of high-dose morphinics in general anesthesia, and in women with a higher parity. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that Uphold® surgery in a one-day setting is feasible and safe. Women desiring this approach should be counselled on the 42.6% risk of one-day failure though, mostly due to non-validation of a post void residual. General anesthesia with high-dose morphinics, a higher parity, and surgery in the afternoon are risk factors for failure of an ambulatory protocol.

2.
BJOG ; 127(1): 88-97, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term incidence of serious complications of surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study using a surgical registry. SETTING: Thirteen public hospitals in France. POPULATION: A cohort of 1873 women undergoing surgery between February 2017 and August 2018. METHODS: Preliminary analysis of serious complications after a mean follow-up of 7 months (0-18 months), according to type of surgery. Surgeons reported procedures and complications, which were verified by the hospitals' information systems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serious complication requiring discontinuation of the procedure or subsequent surgical intervention, life-threatening complication requiring resuscitation, or death. RESULTS: Fifty-two women (2.8%, 95% CI 2.1-3.6%) experienced a serious complication either during surgery, requiring the discontinuation of the procedure, or during the first months of follow-up, necessitating a subsequent reoperation. One woman also required resuscitation; no women died. Of 811 midurethral slings (MUSs), 11 were removed in part or totally (1.4%, 0.7-2.3%), as were two of 391 transvaginal meshes (0.5%, 0.1-1.6%), and four of 611 laparoscopically placed mesh implants (0.7%, 0.2-1.5%). The incidence of serious complications 6 months after the surgical procedure was estimated to be around 3.5% (2.0-5.0%) after MUS alone, 7.0% (2.8-11.3%) after MUS with prolapse surgery, 1.7% (0.0-3.8%) after vaginal native tissue repair, 2.8% (0.9-4.6%) after transvaginal mesh, and 1.0% (0.1-1.9%) after laparoscopy with mesh. CONCLUSIONS: Early serious complications are relatively rare. Monitoring must be continued and expanded to assess the long-term risk associated with mesh use and to identify its risk factors. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Short-term serious complications are rare after surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse, even with mesh.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Colposcopia/mortalidade , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 242: 139-143, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study aimed at understanding the influence of healing time on the mechanical properties of meshes used in pelvic organ prolapse, once implanted in an animal model using the rat. METHODS: A standard polypropylene mesh was implanted in 42 rats in order to evaluate the mechanical properties of the implanted mesh. Explantation occurred at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 months and mechanical tests were performed. Each sample was mechanically evaluated by a uniaxial tensile test with a machine (BIOTENS). Biological tissues presented a nonlinear relation between stress and strain so it could be modeled by the 2 parameters C0 and C1 of a second-order Mooney-Rivlin law. RESULTS: The rigidity in small deformation might not be affected by healing time or the presence of the synthetic implant. On the contrary, changes seemed to occur on the stiffness in large deformation (C1). The stiffness with the mesh composite changed with healing time. The "two-month implantation" rat group was significantly more rigid than the two control groups (pcontrol/2months = 0,04 and pplacebo/2months = 0,04). The 2- and 3-month healing groups were significantly more rigid than the 1-month healing group (p1/2months = 0,01 and p1/3months = 0,003). After 2 months, the mechanical properties seemed to stabilize (p2/3months = 0,44, p2/5months = 0,16 et p3/5months = 0,3). CONCLUSION: In order to evaluate the mechanical properties of an implanted mesh, the optimal time for explantation seems to be 2 months. Once this period is over, a more physiological mesh will be developed in order to be similar to native vaginal tissue once implanted and colonized by scar tissue.

5.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 48(9): 781-783, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898625

RESUMO

Uterine fibroids are the most common form of benign gynaecological tumors in women of childbearing age Piecak et al. (2017) [1]. These uterine fibroids can be responsible for abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic pain, pelvic pressure and infertility Pritts et al. (2009), Ali and Al-Hendy (2017) [2,3]. Their treatment can be carried out according to several methods: medical treatment, uterine artery embolization or surgery (myomectomy or hysterectomy). Although surgery is the main option, there are medical treatments to reduce their size and decrease and control their symptoms. Ulipristal acetate (UPA) has been the first selective progesterone-receptor modulator approved for the preoperative and long-term treatment for uterine fibroids Ferrero et al. (2018) [4]. Here we present the case of a 38-years-old patient whose large fibroma (initially treated with UPA) totally disappeared after pregnancy.

6.
Prog Urol ; 28(17): 943-952, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to issue clinical practice guidelines on antibiotic prophylaxis in urodynamics (urodynamic studies, UDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical practice guidelines were provided using a formal consensus method. Guidelines proposals were drew up by a multidisciplinary experts group (pilot group = steering group), then rated by a panel of 12 experts (rating group) using a formal consensus method, and then peer reviewed by a reviewing/reading group of experts (different from the rating group). RESULTS: Urine (bacterial) culture with antimicrobial susceptibility testing is recommended for all patients before UDS (strong agreement). In patients with no neurologic disease, the risk factors for tract urinary infection (UTI) after UDS are age > 70 years, recurrent UTI, and post-void residual volume > 100ml. In patients with neurologic disease, the risk factors for UTI after UDS are recurrent UTI, vesicoureteral reflux, and intermicturition pressure > 40cmH2O. If the urine culture is negative before UDS and there is no risk factor for UTI, antibiotic prophylaxis is not recommended (Strong agreement). If the urine culture is negative before UDS, but there are one or more risk factors for UTI, antibiotic prophylaxis is optional. If antibiotic prophylaxis is initiated, a single oral dose (3g) of fosfomycin-tromethamine two hours before UDS is recommended (Strong agreement). If there is bacterial colonization on UCB before UDS, antibiotic therapy is optional (Undecided). If prescribed, it should be adapted to the antimicrobial susceptibility of the identified bacterium or bacteria, started the day before and stopped after UDS (except for fosfomycin-tromethamine: a single dose the day before UDS is necessary and sufficient) (Strong agreement). In the event of UTI before UDS, the UTI should be treated and UDS postponed (Strong agreement). The proposed recommendations should not be changed for patients with a hip or knee replacement (Strong agreement). No antibiotic prophylaxis of bacterial endocarditis is necessary, including in high-risk patients with valvular heart disease (Strong agreement). CONCLUSION: These new guidelines should help to harmonize clinical practice and limit exposure to antibiotics. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Antibioticoprofilaxia/normas , Infecções Urinárias/tratamento farmacológico , Urodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Consenso , Prova Pericial , França , Humanos , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia
7.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 47(5): 187-190, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29510268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate laparoscopy training using pelvitrainers for gynaecological surgeons in a low-income country. METHODS: The study was carried out in Madagascar from April 2016 to January 2017. The participants were gynaecological surgeons who had not previously performed laparoscopy. Each surgeon was timed to evaluate the execution times of four proposed exercises, based on the fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) programme's skills manual, as follows: exercise 1, involving a simple object transfer; exercises 2 and 3, comprising complex object transfers; and exercise 4, a precision cutting exercise. The 8-month training and evaluation programme was divided into different stages, and the four following evaluations were compared: a pretest (T0), assessment at the end of the first training (T1) and auto-evaluation at 2 months (T2) and 8 months (T3). RESULTS: Eight participants were included. The median time was significantly reduced (P<0.05) at each evaluation for exercises 1, 2 and 4 compared to the pretest. For exercise 3, there was no difference between T0 and T1 (P=0.07). After 8 months of training, all participants progressed in all exercises. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that it is possible and beneficial to develop a programme for teaching laparoscopic surgery in low-income countries before providing the necessary equipment.


Assuntos
Currículo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/educação , Laparoscopia/educação , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Adulto , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Madagáscar , Masculino
9.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 46(9): 675-680, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28866126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomy is considered a keystone in medical education and pelvic anatomy comprehension is the groundwork of the understanding of birthing process and pelvic surgery. The objectives of this study were to assess the state of the knowledge in anatomy of ob/gyn residents. MATERIEL AND METHODS: The assessment of pelvic anatomy knowledge of 52 ob/gyn residents was performed in a cross-sectional analysis in Lille University Hospital in 2015. A survey was designed with educational and clinical objectives on pelvic anatomy to assess the resident's real level of knowledge. RESULTS: Ob/gyn residents were not satisfied with the learning of anatomy at the medical school with a global rate of 92% of unhappy residents. The global score in anatomy for the overall population was 6.67±0.46 (on 20 points). The eldest residents had a significant better global score than the youngest, 9.24±0.76 vs. 5.53±0.46 (P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Ob/gyn residents should be educated to a specific teaching in anatomy throughout their residency program. Some strategies could improve the level of ob/gyn residents in anatomy and the survey showed the attractiveness of residents to modern medias, such as anatomy videos, compared to current historical anatomy lectures human cadaveric dissections or books.


Assuntos
Avaliação Educacional , Ginecologia/educação , Internato e Residência , Conhecimento , Obstetrícia/educação , Pelve/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França , Humanos , Internato e Residência/normas , Masculino , Estudantes de Medicina , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 46(5): 399-404, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28934083

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility of vaginal hysterectomy in an ambulatory care system and the best way to perform it between conventional and bipolar vessel sealing system ligatures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of 32 patients with vaginal hysterectomy at Lille University Hospital between December 2013 and May 2015. Two surgical techniques were compared: conventional suture ligature (CSL) and electrosurgical bipolar vessel sealing (BVS). Patients stayed in classical hospitalization but were managed how if they were in an ambulatory unit to evaluate their capacity to come back home the same evening of the surgery. The evaluation of same-day discharge was based on Post Anesthetic Discharge Scoring System (PADSS) score?9/10 and Visual Analogic Scale (VAS) score?4/10. Other data collected were: operative time, uterus weight, peroperative bleeding, PADSS score at the 8th postoperative hour, VAS score at the 4th, 6th, 8th, 12th and 24th postoperative hours, the presence of postoperative nausea/vomiting and rehospitalization. RESULTS: In the BVS group, 93.8% of patients validated the combined score (PADSS+VAS) on the evening of the intervention against 50% of patients in the CSL group (P<0.05). Hundred percent of BVS group patients were discharged on the day after surgery against 87.5% in the CSL group. The VAS was significantly lower in the BVS group at the 8th (1.4), 12th (1.2) and 24th (1.3) postoperative hours. Operative time was significantly shorter in the BVS group. We found more events such as nausea/vomiting in the CSL group. CONCLUSION: Vaginal hysterectomy is feasible in an ambulatory care system most of times. By reducing postoperative pain, electrosurgical bipolar vessel sealing would promote outpatient hospitalization.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Eletrocirurgia/métodos , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Histerectomia Vaginal/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Eletrocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Histerectomia Vaginal/efeitos adversos , Histerectomia Vaginal/estatística & dados numéricos , Ligadura , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas de Sutura/efeitos adversos , Suturas/efeitos adversos
11.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 46(8): 623-628, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28844663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Three months after hysteroscopic sterilisation with Essure®, a confirmation test is required to evaluate the correct location of the inserts. The test may be conducted using a pelvic ultrasound (2D or 3D) or an abdominal X-ray. Should the location not look satisfactory on these tests, a follow-up hysterosalpingography (HSG) would be required. The objective of our study is to assess whether the Essure® 3-month confirmation test using a single X-ray or a combination of X-ray and ultrasound could reduce the use of HSG. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study examined patients who underwent birth control Essure® procedure between 2009 and 2015 in the Gynaecological Surgery Department at the Regional University Hospital Centre (CHRU) in Lille. We divided patients into two groups based on the imaging tests performed: single X-ray (2009-2010) versus X-ray and pelvic ultrasound (2014-2015). We then compared the results of the imaging tests and the use of HSG between the two groups. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-four patients were tested, of which 60 (44.8%) using a single X-ray and 74 (55.2%) using a combination of X-ray and ultrasound. We note that the combined X-ray/ultrasound test reduces significantly the number of HSG performed (26.7% versus 12.2%, P=0.04). CONCLUSION: Compared to a single X-ray, the combination of X-ray and ultrasound enables to significantly limit the use of HSG.


Assuntos
Histeroscopia , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Esterilização Tubária/instrumentação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia , Imagem Multimodal , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
13.
Prog Urol ; 27(4): 229-237, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28065390

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rectovaginal fistula requires a complex management because it has an important psychological impact associated with impaired quality of life of patients. Thus, the aim of our study was to evaluate the improvement of the quality of life of patients after surgical management. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. We included patients operated between 2009 and 2014 for the treatment of a rectovaginal fistula, whose data were available and who agreed to answer a questionnaire. We evaluated the satisfaction of short-term and long-term patients on the answer to the basic PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 questionnaires. We then evaluated whether there was an improvement in symptoms and quality of life after surgery. RESULTS: Nine patients were included but only 4 patients completed the PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 questionnaires. Fistula was secondary to either surgical intervention (44%, n=4) or complicated perineal tear (44%, n=4) or unknown cause (11%, n=1). After surgery, we found the short term a significant decrease in stool incontinence, as there was no stool incontinence (0/5) in the postoperative period, while preoperatively 55% (5/9) (P=0.03). Postoperatively, 33% (3/9) of the patients had genital discomfort and 44% (4/9) had gas incontinence compared to 0% preoperatively (P=0.2 and P=0.6). There appears to be an improvement in pelvic static disorders after surgical management. However, we found a slight improvement in nauseous leucorrhoea in the immediate postoperative period, as the prevalence decreased from 33% (3/9) preoperatively to 22% (2/9) postoperatively (P>0.9). In the long term, we observed an improvement in the sensation of perineal heaviness and gas incontinence because only 25% (1/4) of the 75% (3/4) preoperative patients still showed slight discomfort (P=0.5). The quality of life and the emotional state of the patients were no altered postoperatively. Indeed, preoperatively, 50% (2/4) of the patients reported anxiety compared to 0% (0/4) postoperatively (P=0.4). Similarly, 75% (3/4) complained of a decrease in their quality of life (social, sports, etc.) preoperatively compared with 0% (0/4) postoperatively (P>0.9). CONCLUSION: A simple surgical management of rectovaginal fistulas would allow a significant decrease in stool incontinence and improved quality of life and their emotional state, which confirms the beneficial effect of this therapeutic strategy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Fístula Retovaginal/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Incontinência Fecal/etiologia , Feminino , Flatulência/etiologia , Humanos , Leucorreia/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fístula Retovaginal/complicações , Fístula Retovaginal/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Diagn Interv Imaging ; 98(4): 327-332, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28089181

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to compare conventional X-ray defecography and dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) defecography in the diagnosis of pelvic floor prolapse of the posterior compartment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty women with a mean age of 65.5 years (range: 53-72 years) who underwent X-ray defecography and MR defecography for clinical suspicion of posterior compartment dysfunction, were included in this retrospective study. X-ray defecography and dynamic MR defecography were reviewed separately for the presence of pelvic organ prolapse. The results of the combination of X-ray defecography and MR defecography were used as the standard of reference. Differences in sensitivities between X-ray defecography and MR defecography were compared using the McNemar test. RESULTS: With the gold standard, we evidenced a total of 22 cases of peritoneocele (17 elytroceles, 3 hedroceles and 2 elytroceles+hedroceles), including 15 cases of enterocele, 28 patients with rectocele including 16 that retained contrast, 37 cases of rectal prolapse, and 11 cases of anismus. The sensitivities of X-ray defecography were 90.9% for the diagnosis of peritoneocele, 71.4% for rectocele, 81.1% for rectal prolapse and 63.6% for anismus. The sensitivities of MR defecography for the same diagnoses were 86.4%, 78.6%, 62.2% and 63.6%, respectively. For all these pathologies, no significant differences between X-ray defecography and MR defecography were found. CONCLUSION: Dynamic MR defecography is equivalent to X-ray defecography for the diagnosis of abnormalities of the posterior compartment of the pelvic floor.


Assuntos
Defecografia/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/diagnóstico por imagem , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/diagnóstico por imagem , Retocele/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 65: 190-199, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27589261

RESUMO

To better understand the in vivo mechanical behavior of synthetic mesh implants, we designed a specific experimental protocol for the mechanical characterization of explanted mesh under uniaxial tension. The implantation of a mesh leads to the development of scar tissue and the formation of a new composite made of native tissue, a mesh implant and scar tissues. This study focused on three points: determining the minimum representative size of mesh implants required for mechanical test samples, highlighting the influence of healing, and defining the healing time required to ensure stabilized mechanical properties. First, we determined the minimum representative size of mesh implants for the mechanical characterization with a study on a synthetic composite made of mesh and an elastomeric matrix mimicking the biological tissues. The size of the samples tested was gradually decreased. The downsizing process was stopped, when the mechanical properties of the composite were not preserved under uniaxial tension. It led to a sample representative size 3cm long and 2cm wide between the grips. Then an animal study was conducted on Wistar rats divided into eight groups. One group was set as control, consisting of the healthy abdominal wall. The other seven groups underwent surgery as follows: one placebo (i.e., without mesh placement), and six with a mesh installation on the abdominal wall and healing time. The rats were sacrificed after different healing times ranging from 1 to 5 months. We observed the influence of healing and healing time on the mechanical response under uniaxial tension of the new composite formed by scar, native tissue, and textile. It seems that 2 months are required to ensure the stabilization of the mechanical properties of the implanted mesh. We were not able to tell the control group (native abdominal wall) from the placebo group (native and scar tissue). This protocol was tested on two different prostheses after 3 months of healing. With this protocol, we were able to differentiate one mesh from another after host integration.


Assuntos
Próteses e Implantes , Telas Cirúrgicas , Cicatrização , Parede Abdominal , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cicatriz , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
16.
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) ; 45(10): 1606-1613, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27776848

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Develop guidelines for surgery for primary pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: Literature review, establishment of levels of evidence, external review, and grading of recommendations by 5 French academic societies: Association Française d'Urologie, Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens Français, Société Interdisciplinaire d'Urodynamique et de Pelvi-Périnéologie, Société Nationale Française de Colo-proctologie, and Société de Chirurgie Gynécologique et Pelvienne. RESULTS: It is useful to evaluate symptoms, their impact, women's expectations, and to describe the prolapse prior to surgery (grade C). In the absence of any spontaneous or occult urinary sign, there is no reason to perform urodynamics (grade C). When a sacrocolpopexy is indicated, laparoscopy is recommended (grade B). A bowel preparation before vaginal (grade B) or abdominal surgery (grade C) is not recommended. There is no argument to systematically use a rectovaginal mesh to prevent rectocele (grade C). The use of a vesicovaginal mesh by vaginal route should be discussed taking into account an uncertain long-term risk-benefit ratio (grade B). Levator myorrhaphy is not recommended as a first-line rectocele treatment (grade C). There is no indication for a vaginal mesh as a first-line rectocele treatment (grade C). There is no reason to systematically perform a hysterectomy during prolapse repair (grade C). It is possible to not treat stress incontinence at the time of prolapse repair, if the woman is advised of the possibility of a 2-step surgical treatment (grade C).


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/normas , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/diagnóstico
17.
Prog Urol ; 26 Suppl 1: S1-7, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27595623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Providing clinical practice guidelines for first surgical treatment of female pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: Systematic literature review, level of evidence rating, external proofreading, and grading of recommendations by 5 French academic societies: Association française d'urologie, Collège national des gynécologues et obstétriciens français, Société interdisciplinaire d'urodynamique et de pelvi-périnéologie, Société nationale française de coloproctologie, and Société de chirurgie gynécologique et pelvienne. RESULTS: It is useful to evaluate symptoms, their impact, women's expectations, and to describe the prolapse prior to surgery (Grade C). In the absence of any spontaneous or occult urinary sign, there is no reason to perform urodynamics (Grade C). When a sacrocolpopexy is indicated, laparoscopy is recommended (Grade B). A bowel preparation before vaginal (Grade B) or abdominal surgery (Grade C) is not recommended. There is no argument to systematically use a rectovaginal mesh to prevent rectocele (Grade C). The use of a vesicovaginal mesh by vaginal route should be discussed taking into account an uncertain long-term risk-benefit ratio (Grade B). Levator myorrhaphy is not recommended as a first-line rectocele treatment (Grade C). There is no indication for a vaginal mesh as a first-line rectocele treatment (Grade C). There is no reason to systematically perform a hysterectomy during prolapse repair (Grade C). It is possible to not treat stress incontinence at the time of prolapse repair, if the woman is advised of the possibility of a 2-step surgical treatment (Grade C). Clinical practice guidelines. © 2016 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/normas , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos
20.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil ; 44(4): 196-9, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27053035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Analysis of litigation in gynecological surgery in the French university hospital of Lille. METHODS: It is a longitudinal and retrospective study. We collected all cases of complaints between November 1997 and August 2015 concerning the department of gynecological surgery, university hospital of Lille. Medical data were obtained using electronic medical record and hospital's legal unit gave data about the complaints. RESULTS: Forty cases were identified during the reporting period. Thirty-three records concerned medical injuries and seven cases failing to provide information or lack of communication. Eleven complaints were reviewed by the French "commission de conciliation et d'indemnisation". Five cases were brought to administrative court. Finally, Lille high court examined two records. Most of complaints concerned perforation during endoscopic procedures, nosocomial infections and forgotten foreign bodies. It was not observed any increasing number of complaints during the whole period. It was noticed a decreasing number of legal action in favor of "commission de conciliation et d'indemnisation". CONCLUSION: This study evaluated specifically litigation in gynecological surgery. It is necessary to conduct this type of study so as to improve medical care and to provide information for practitioner about consequences of their exercise.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/legislação & jurisprudência , Hospitais Universitários/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , França , Humanos , Laparoscopia/legislação & jurisprudência , Estudos Longitudinais , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos
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