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2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4209-4219, Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974786

RESUMO

Abstract This article aims to review systematically the evidence on nutritional assessment techniques and parameters used to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents. The literature review and the selection of publications were performed using the Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, Embase, personal files. 17 studies were identified, 7 addressed the anthropometric indices as the main outcome, 7 analyzed the growth and development of children and adolescents through growth curves, and the remainder surveyed body composition. In general, all met the quality criteria, unless 6 of the articles who did not discuss the limitations. The literature review suggests several techniques and parameters that can be applied to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents from different countries. Growth graphs are essential to assess the health of children, but depend greatly of the growth tables used. Although BMI can be practical, it does not distinguish body fat from lean mass. The best interpretation of anthropometry will depend of valid reference values for age range of the study population. BIA is a quick feasible method, but the measurement has some various nationalities.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é revisar sistematicamente as evidências sobre as técnicas de avaliação nutricional e parâmetros utilizados para determinar o estado nutricional em crianças e adolescentes. Revisão da literatura com busca nas bases de dados, Medline, Lilacs, SciELO e Embase, além de arquivos pessoais. Identificamos 17 artigos que relatavam dados de diferentes populações, sete estudos abordaram os índices antropométricos, quatro o crescimento e o desenvolvimento de crianças e adolescentes por meio de curvas de crescimento, e o restante a composição corporal. Todos preencheram os critérios de qualidade, com exceção das limitações. A revisão da literatura sugere diversas técnicas e parâmetros que podem ser aplicados para determinar o estado nutricional de crianças e adolescentes de diferentes países. Gráficos de crescimento são essenciais para avaliar a saúde de crianças, mas depende muito das tabelas de crescimento utilizadas. Embora o IMC seja prático, não distingue a gordura corporal de massa magra. Existem várias técnicas para avaliar proporções, tamanho e composição corporal. A melhor interpretação da antropometria dependerá de valores de referência válidos para a faixa etária da população estudada. BIA é um método factível, mas tem algumas limitações para a realização do exame.

3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(12): 4209-4219, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540004

RESUMO

This article aims to review systematically the evidence on nutritional assessment techniques and parameters used to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents. The literature review and the selection of publications were performed using the Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, Embase, personal files. 17 studies were identified, 7 addressed the anthropometric indices as the main outcome, 7 analyzed the growth and development of children and adolescents through growth curves, and the remainder surveyed body composition. In general, all met the quality criteria, unless 6 of the articles who did not discuss the limitations. The literature review suggests several techniques and parameters that can be applied to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents from different countries. Growth graphs are essential to assess the health of children, but depend greatly of the growth tables used. Although BMI can be practical, it does not distinguish body fat from lean mass. The best interpretation of anthropometry will depend of valid reference values for age range of the study population. BIA is a quick feasible method, but the measurement has some various nationalities.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Antropometria , Criança , Humanos , Valores de Referência
4.
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva ; 30(2): 160-165, 2018 Apr-Jun.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29995080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of malnutrition during two time periods in a pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital during two one-year periods with an interval of four years between them. Nutritional evaluation was conducted based on weight and height measured at admission. The body mass index-for-age was the parameter chosen to evaluate nutritional status, as classified according to the World Health Organization, according to age group. RESULTS: The total sample size was 881 (406 in the contemporary sample and 475 in the historical sample). There was a significant reduction in malnutrition in the contemporary sample (p = 0.03). Malnourishment in patients in the historical sample was significantly associated with mortality and length of stay, while malnourishment in patients in the contemporary sample was not associated with worse outcomes. CONCLUSION: There was a significant reduction in malnutrition among patients in the same pediatric intensive care unit when comparing the two time periods. Our findings of a change in nutritional profile in critically ill patients corroborate the nutritional status data of children and adolescents worldwide.

5.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 30(2): 160-165, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-959319

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a prevalência de desnutrição em dois momentos de uma unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo, com pacientes internados na unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica de um hospital universitário em dois períodos de 1 ano com intervalo de 4 anos. A avaliação nutricional foi realizada a partir do peso e da estatura aferidos no momento da internação. O índice de massa corporal para idade foi o parâmetro escolhido para avaliação do estado nutricional classificado de acordo com a Organização Mundial de Saúde, conforme faixa etária. Resultados: A amostra total de pacientes foi de 881 (406 da amostra contemporânea e 475 da amostra histórica). Houve redução significativa da desnutrição na amostra contemporânea (p = 0,03). Os pacientes desnutridos da amostra histórica tiveram associação significativa com mortalidade e tempo de internação, enquanto que os desnutridos da amostra contemporânea não apresentaram piores desfechos. Conclusão: Houve redução significativa da desnutrição entre os pacientes da mesma unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica quando comparamos dois momentos. Nossos achados de modificação de perfil nutricional em pacientes gravemente enfermos corroboram dados de estado nutricional de crianças e adolescentes a nível mundial.


ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the prevalence of malnutrition during two time periods in a pediatric intensive care unit. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital during two one-year periods with an interval of four years between them. Nutritional evaluation was conducted based on weight and height measured at admission. The body mass index-for-age was the parameter chosen to evaluate nutritional status, as classified according to the World Health Organization, according to age group. Results: The total sample size was 881 (406 in the contemporary sample and 475 in the historical sample). There was a significant reduction in malnutrition in the contemporary sample (p = 0.03). Malnourishment in patients in the historical sample was significantly associated with mortality and length of stay, while malnourishment in patients in the contemporary sample was not associated with worse outcomes. Conclusion: There was a significant reduction in malnutrition among patients in the same pediatric intensive care unit when comparing the two time periods. Our findings of a change in nutritional profile in critically ill patients corroborate the nutritional status data of children and adolescents worldwide.

6.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 15(4): 470-475, 2017 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the workload and size the nursing team using the scales TISS-28 and NEMS in a pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: An observational prospective study with a quantitative approach was conducted at the pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital from Jan 1st, 2009 to Dec 31st, 2009. All children who remained hospitalized for more than 8 hours were included, with length of stay of 4 hours in case of death. Clinical data were collected and the Paediatric Index of Mortality 2 and the scores TISS-28 and NEMS were determined. The TISS-28 and NEMS were converted into working hours of the nursing team and sizing complied with the parameters of the Brazilian Federal Nursing Council. Pearson's correlation and the Bland-Altman model were used to verify the association and agreement between the instruments. RESULTS: A total of 459 children were included, totaling 3,409 observations. The average values for the TISS-28 and NEMS were 20.8±8 and 25.2±8.7 points, respectively. The nursing workload was 11 hours by TISS-28 and 13.3 hours by NEMS. The estimated number of professionals by TISS-28 and NEMS was 29.6 and 35.8 professionals, respectively. The TISS-28 and NEMS showed adequate correlation and agreement. CONCLUSION: Time spent in nursing activities and team sizing reflected by the NEMS were significantly greater when compared to the TISS-28.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração , Administração de Recursos Humanos , Carga de Trabalho/normas , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Avaliação em Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(4): 470-475, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-891441

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To estimate the workload and size the nursing team using the scales TISS-28 and NEMS in a pediatric intensive care unit. Methods: An observational prospective study with a quantitative approach was conducted at the pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital from Jan 1st, 2009 to Dec 31st, 2009. All children who remained hospitalized for more than 8 hours were included, with length of stay of 4 hours in case of death. Clinical data were collected and the Paediatric Index of Mortality 2 and the scores TISS-28 and NEMS were determined. The TISS-28 and NEMS were converted into working hours of the nursing team and sizing complied with the parameters of the Brazilian Federal Nursing Council. Pearson's correlation and the Bland-Altman model were used to verify the association and agreement between the instruments. Results: A total of 459 children were included, totaling 3,409 observations. The average values for the TISS-28 and NEMS were 20.8±8 and 25.2±8.7 points, respectively. The nursing workload was 11 hours by TISS-28 and 13.3 hours by NEMS. The estimated number of professionals by TISS-28 and NEMS was 29.6 and 35.8 professionals, respectively. The TISS-28 and NEMS showed adequate correlation and agreement. Conclusion: Time spent in nursing activities and team sizing reflected by the NEMS were significantly greater when compared to the TISS-28.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estimar a carga de trabalho e dimensionar a equipe de enfermagem utilizando as escalas TISS-28 e NEMS em uma unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo observacional com abordagem quantitativa, realizado na unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica de um hospital universitário, no período de 1o de janeiro de 2009 a 31 de dezembro de 2009. Foram incluídas todas as crianças que permaneceram internadas por mais de 8 horas, com duração de internação de 4 horas em caso de óbito. Foram coletados os dados clínicos, e determinados o Paediatric Index of Mortality 2 e as escalas TISS-28 e NEMS. O TISS-28 e o NEMS foram convertidos em horas de trabalho da equipe de enfermagem, e o dimensionamento seguiu os parâmetros do Conselho Federal de Enfermagem. A correlação de Pearson e o modelo de Bland-Altman foram utilizados para verificar a associação e a concordância entre os instrumentos. Resultados: Foram incluídas 459 crianças, totalizando 3.409 observações. As médias do TISS-28 e do NEMS foram 20,8±8 e 25,2±8,7 pontos, respectivamente. A carga de trabalho de enfermagem foi de 11 horas pelo TISS-28 e 13,3 horas pelo NEMS. A estimativa do número de profissionais pelo TISS-28 e NEMS foi de 29,6 e 35,8 profissionais, respectivamente. O TISS-28 e o NEMS apresentaram correlação e concordância adequadas. Conclusão: O tempo despendido nas atividades de enfermagem e o dimensionamento da equipe refletido pelo NEMS foram significativamente maiores quando comparados ao TISS-28.

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