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1.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 300(6): 1521-1530, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677089

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The association between periodontopathogenic microbiota and preterm birth (PTB) has been overly studied. However, the biological mechanisms involved are little known. The objective is to evaluate the effect of periodontopathogenic bacteria burden (PBB), periodontal disease and other infections during pregnancy on preterm birth (PTB), through Structural Equation Modeling. METHODS: This was a case-control study nested in a prospective cohort called BRISA, including 330 pregnant women, 110 cases and 220 controls. This study included the following variables: cytokines interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß), periodontal disease, PBB, age, socioeconomic status (SES), systemic infections and PTB. The correlations between variables were analyzed using Standardized Coefficient (SC). RESULTS: Greater PBB interfered positively with the occurrence of periodontal disease (SC: 0.027; p: 0.011), but these were not associated with the cytokines studied, nor with PTB. The lower serum levels of IL-10 (SC - 0.330; p 0.022) and TGF-ß (SC - 0.612; p < 0.001), and the presence of other systemic infections during pregnancy (SC 0.159; 0.049) explained the higher occurrence of PTB. CONCLUSION: It is possible that only the more severe periodontal disease and other systemic infections are capable of altering the cascade of cytokines regulating the inflammatory process and have an effect on the occurrence of PTB.

2.
Int J Equity Health ; 18(1): 5, 2019 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brazilian Primary Care Facilities (PCF) provide primary care and must offer dental services for diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases. According to a logic of promoting equity, PCF should be better structured in less developed places and with higher need for oral health services. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the structure of dental caries services in the capitals of the Brazilian Federative Units and identify whether socioeconomic factors and caries (need) are predictors of the oral health services structure. METHODS: This is an ecological study with variables retrieved from different secondary databases, clustered for the level of the federative capitals. Descriptive thematic maps were prepared, and structural equations were analyzed to identify oral health service structure's predictors (Alpha = 5%). Four models with different outcomes related to dental caries treatment were tested: 1) % of PCF with a fully equipped office; 2) % of PCF with sufficient instruments, and 3) % of PCF with sufficient supplies; 4) % of PCF with total structure. RESULTS: 21.6% of the PCF of the Brazilian capitals had a fully equipped office; 46.9% had sufficient instruments, and 30.0% had sufficient supplies for caries prevention and treatment. The four models evidenced proper fit indexes. A correlation between socioeconomic factors and the structure of oral health services was only noted in model 3. The worse the socioeconomic conditions, the lower the availability of dental supplies (standard factor loading: 0.92, P = 0.012). Estimates of total, direct and indirect effects showed that dental caries experience observed in the Brazilian population by SB-Brasil in 2010 did not affect the outcomes investigated. CONCLUSION: Material resources are not equitably distributed according to the socioeconomic conditions and oral health needs of the population of the Brazilian capitals, thus contributing to persistent oral health inequities in the country.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/organização & administração , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Geografia , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
3.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 39(3): 94-101, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28293916

RESUMO

Introduction Anemia is a very frequent event among pregnant women. There are evidences of differences in the incidence of dental caries between pregnant and non-pregnant women, but the relationship between salivary iron (Fe) and serum markers of anemia and caries development has not been investigated. Objective To evaluate the correlation between salivary (Fe) and serum iron (Fe, ferritin and hemoglobin) parameters in pregnant women with the development of dental caries. Methods A prospective cohort was conducted with 59 women. The outcome of interest was represented by new dental caries lesions during pregnancy, using the Nyvad criteria. Pregnant women were evaluated at three clinical times: up to the 16th week of gestational age (GA) (T1), in the last trimester of pregnancy (T2), and postpartum (T3), at the Mother and Child Unit of University Hospital of the Universidade Federal do Maranhão. A stimulated saliva sample was collected for biochemical analysis of salivary Fe, and a blood sample was collected early in the morning. The correlation between salivary and serum Fe was evaluated through the Pearson correlation test. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis were used to compare the means of anemia parameters at different times. The Student's t and Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare the anemia parameters between the groups of pregnant women (with and without new caries lesions). Results Serum Fe concentrations were higher in the first trimester of pregnancy and lower after delivery (p = 0.036). It was also observed that the ferritin concentrations were higher in the first trimester and lower at the end of gestation (p = 0.011). There was no association between the expositions of salivary iron and anemia, and the development of dental caries. There was a positive correlation between serum Fe in T1 and salivary Fe in T2 (p < 0.05). Conclusion The serum markers of anemia were more prevalent in the last trimester of pregnancy.


Assuntos
Anemia/sangue , Cárie Dentária/sangue , Ferritinas/sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Ferro/análise , Saliva/química , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Ferro/sangue , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(3): 94-101, Mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-843927

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Anemia is a very frequent event among pregnant women. There are evidences of differences in the incidence of dental caries between pregnant and nonpregnant women, but the relationship between salivary iron (Fe) and serummarkers of anemia and caries development has not been investigated. Objective To evaluate the correlation between salivary (Fe) and serum iron (Fe, ferritin and hemoglobin) parameters in pregnant women with the development of dental caries. Methods A prospective cohort was conducted with 59 women. The outcome of interest was represented by new dental caries lesions during pregnancy, using the Nyvad criteria. Pregnant women were evaluated at three clinical times: up to the 16th week of gestational age (GA) (T1), in the last trimester of pregnancy (T2), and postpartum (T3), at the Mother and Child Unit ofUniversityHospital of the Universidade Federal doMaranhão.A stimulated saliva sample was collected for biochemical analysis of salivary Fe, and a blood sample was collected early in the morning. The correlation between salivary and serum Fe was evaluated through the Pearson correlation test. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis were used to compare the means of anemia parameters at different times. The Student's t and Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare the anemia parameters between the groups of pregnant women (with and without new caries lesions). Results SerumFe concentrationswere higher in the first trimester of pregnancy and lower after delivery (p = 0.036). It was also observed that the ferritin concentrations were higher in the first trimester and lower at the end of gestation (p = 0.011). Therewas no association between the expositions of salivary iron and anemia, and the development of dental caries. There was a positive correlation between serum Fe in T1 and salivary Fe in T2 (p < 0.05). Conclusion The serummarkers of anemiaweremore prevalent in the last trimester of pregnancy.


Resumo Introdução A anemia é um evento muito frequente entre mulhres grávidas. Existem evidências de diferenças na incidência de cárie dentária entre mulheres grávidas e não grávidas,mas a relação entre o íon ferro (Fe) salivar, osmarcadores séricos de anemia e o desenvolvimento de cárie não foi investigada. Objetivo Avaliar a correlação entre os parâmetros salivares (Fe) e séricos (Fe, ferritina e hemoglobina) em gestantes e o desenvolvimento de cárie dentária. Métodos Uma coorte prospectiva foi conduzida com 59 mulheres. O desfecho de interesse foi representado por novas lesões de cárie durante a gravidez, medido pelo critério Nyvad. Mulheres grávidas foram avaliadas em três tempos clínicos: até a 16ª semana de idade gestacional (IG) (T1), no último trimestre de gravidez (T2), e no puerpério (T3), na Unidade Materno-infantil do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão. A amostra de saliva estimulada foi coletada para análise bioquímica de Fe salivar, e a amostra de sangue foi coletada no início da manhã. A correlação entre o Fe salivar e o Fe sérico foi avaliada através do teste de correlação de Pearson. Os testes ANOVA e Kruskal-Wallis foram utilizados para comparar parâmetros de anemia em diferentes momentos. Os testes t de Student e Mann-Whitney foram utilizados para comparar os parâmetros da anemia entre os grupos de gestantes (come sem lesões de cárie). Resultados As concentrações séricas de Fe foram maiores no primeiro trimestre de gestação e menores após o parto (p = 0,036). Observou-se também que as concentrações de ferritina forammaiores no primeiro trimestre emenores no final da gestação (p = 0,011). Não houve associação entre as exposições e o desenvolvimento de cárie dentária. Houve correlação positiva entre o Fe sérico em T1 e o Fe salivar em T2 (p < 0,05). Conclusão Os marcadores séricos de anemia foram mais prevalentes no último trimestre de gestação.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Anemia/sangue , Cárie Dentária/sangue , Ferritinas/sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Ferro/análise , Saliva/química , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Ferro/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato
5.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 177(2): 241-250, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27866358

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the effect of anemia during pregnancy on the risk of dental caries development in pregnant women. A prospective cohort including a sample of pregnant women in a prenatal care unit of São Luís, Brazil, was done. The incidence of dental caries during pregnancy, according to Nyvad's criteria, was the outcome. The main independent variables were serum iron, ferritin, hemoglobin, erythrocyte, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and red cell distribution width (RDW). Pregnant women (n = 121) were evaluated at two moments: up to 16th week of gestational age (T1) and in the last trimester of pregnancy (T2). Crude and adjusted associations were estimated by the incidence ratio risk (IRR) and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). After adjustment, higher serum concentrations of ferritin (IRR = 0.97, 95%CI 0.95-0.99) in T1, and Fe (IRR = 0.99, 95%CI 0.98-0.99), ferritin (IRR = 0.99, 95%CI 0.98-0.99), erythrocyte (IRR = 0.71, 95%CI 0.50-0.99), hemoglobin (IRR = 0.84, 95%CI 0.73-0.96), hematocrit (IRR = 0.93, 95%CI 0.88-0.98), MCV (IRR = 0.91, 95%CI 0.86-0.96), and MCH (IRR = 0.83, 95%CI 0.74-0.93) in T2, were associated with fewer incidence of dental caries in pregnant women. Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy is a risk factor for the incidence of dental caries in these women.


Assuntos
Anemia/complicações , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Anemia/sangue , Anemia/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/sangue , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Eritrócitos/química , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Ferro/sangue , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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