Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 21
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Qual Life Res ; 28(1): 67-72, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30167935

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the prognostic value of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the differences in HRQoL and clinical variables between groups of Chagas heart disease (CHD) patients with and without cardiovascular adverse events. METHODS: Seventy-five CHD patients were evaluated by echocardiography, maximal exercise testing, and Short-form of Health Survey (SF-36) Questionnaire. Patients were followed during 6 years. In the statistical analysis, uni- and multivariate Cox regression were performed to verify the accuracy of the HRQoL in predicting cardiovascular events. RESULTS: After the follow-up period (41 ± 12 months), 20 patients (27%) had adverse events. Those with poor outcome had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (p = 0.002), higher left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) (p = 0.019), and worse scores in general health perceptions (p = 0.047), social role functioning (p = 0.026), and mental component summary (p = 0.043) of SF-36. Patients with lower LVEF (p = 0.003), higher LVDd (p = 0.022), worse HRQoL in the general heath perceptions domain (p = 0.022), and mental component summary (p = 0.031) were associated with worse prognosis. In the multivariate Cox regression, LVEF (HR 0.94, 95% CI from 0.90 to 0.98, p = 0.007) and mental component summary (HR 0.98, 95% CI from 0.94 to 1.00, p = 0.047) remained as independent predictors of adverse events in CHD patients. CONCLUSION: The assessment of HRQoL, especially the mental component, should be taken into account to provide an accurate prognosis in addition to other well-established predictors of poor outcomes in CHD patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/psicologia , Cardiopatias/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Cardiopatias/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
2.
J Exerc Rehabil ; 14(5): 844-850, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30443532

RESUMO

Chagas heart disease (CHD) leads to a progressive functional impairment. Field tests, as the 6-min walk test (6MWT) and the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), may be inexpensive approaches in the evaluation of functional capacity of these patients. The present study was addressed to compare the 6MWT and the ISWT measures, and to determine the accuracy of these tests in the identification of functional impairment in patients with CHD. Thirty-five patients with CHD (47.1±8.2 years, NYHA I-III) were evaluated by echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), 6MWT, and ISWT. Correlations between the CPET (peak oxygen uptake [peak VO2] and the ratio between ventilation and the carbon dioxide production [VE/VCO2 slope]) and the field tests (walking distances) were also performed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was selected to identify the best distances related to identify those patients with functional impairment. There was no difference between distances walked during the 6MWT and ISWT (P=0.694). The Bland-Altman analysis showed good agreement between the field tests. Both 6MWT and ISWT correlated with peak VO2 (r=0.577, P<0.001 and r=0.587, P<0.001, respectively) and ISWT correlated with VE/VCO2 slope (r=-0.339, P=0.003). The cutoff distances of 6MWT and ISWT to identify patients with peak VO2 less than 20 mL/kg/min were 520 m and 400 m, respectively, with no difference between the areas under ROC curves (P=0.276). Both the 6MWT and the ISWT demonstrated accuracy in identify functional impairment in patients with CHD, being useful tools for the risk stratification of these patients.

3.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 51(4): 421-426, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133623

RESUMO

Reduced peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is a common clinical finding in progressive Chagas disease. However, the disease stage in which functional impairment is detectable remains uncertain. The present study compared functional capacity between healthy controls and patients with different clinical forms of Chagas disease. A systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO database CRD42017058353) was conducted following a search of the MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and LILACS databases from September to December 2017 for articles published in English, Spanish, or Portuguese, with no date restrictions. We included studies that compared the VO2peak between healthy and Chagas disease patients, stratified according to 3 clinical forms [no apparent cardiac disease, non-dilated Chagas heart disease (CHD), and dilated CHD]. Seven cross-sectional studies were included. Chagas disease patients without apparent cardiac disease (n=208) had VO2peak values [mean difference, -1.55ml/kg/min; 95% confidence interval (CI), -4.98ml/kg/min to 1.88ml/kg/min] similar to those of healthy controls (n=105; p=0.38, I2=52%). In non-dilated CHD (n=159), VO2peak was 8.71ml/kg/min lower (95% CI, -13.99 to -3.42ml/kg/min) than in healthy controls (n=59; p=0.001, I2=75%). VO2peak was also significantly lower (mean difference, -9.30ml/kg/min; 95% CI, -11.34 to -7.25ml/kg/min) in dilated CHD patients (n=131) than in healthy controls (n=53; p<0.001, I2=0%). Exercise capacity in Chagas disease patients without apparent cardiac disease is similar to that in healthy controls. Functional impairment in Chagas disease is detectable in the early stages of cardiac involvement, even in the absence of systolic dysfunction and signs of heart failure.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Ventilação Voluntária Máxima/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(4): 421-426, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957435

RESUMO

Abstract Reduced peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is a common clinical finding in progressive Chagas disease. However, the disease stage in which functional impairment is detectable remains uncertain. The present study compared functional capacity between healthy controls and patients with different clinical forms of Chagas disease. A systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO database CRD42017058353) was conducted following a search of the MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and LILACS databases from September to December 2017 for articles published in English, Spanish, or Portuguese, with no date restrictions. We included studies that compared the VO2peak between healthy and Chagas disease patients, stratified according to 3 clinical forms [no apparent cardiac disease, non-dilated Chagas heart disease (CHD), and dilated CHD]. Seven cross-sectional studies were included. Chagas disease patients without apparent cardiac disease (n=208) had VO2peak values [mean difference, -1.55ml/kg/min; 95% confidence interval (CI), -4.98ml/kg/min to 1.88ml/kg/min] similar to those of healthy controls (n=105; p=0.38, I2=52%). In non-dilated CHD (n=159), VO2peak was 8.71ml/kg/min lower (95% CI, -13.99 to -3.42ml/kg/min) than in healthy controls (n=59; p=0.001, I2=75%). VO2peak was also significantly lower (mean difference, -9.30ml/kg/min; 95% CI, -11.34 to -7.25ml/kg/min) in dilated CHD patients (n=131) than in healthy controls (n=53; p<0.001, I2=0%). Exercise capacity in Chagas disease patients without apparent cardiac disease is similar to that in healthy controls. Functional impairment in Chagas disease is detectable in the early stages of cardiac involvement, even in the absence of systolic dysfunction and signs of heart failure.

5.
PLoS One ; 13(7): e0200727, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30048473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate and compare the isolated and combined effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training (IMT) and Aerobic Training (AT) on respiratory and functional parameters, inflamatory biomarkers, redox status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial with factorial allocation and intention-to-treat analysis was performed in hemodialysis patients. Volunteers were randomly assigned to performe 8-weeks of IMT at 50% of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), low intensity AT or combined training (CT). Before the interventions, all the volunteers went 8-weeks through a control period (without training). Measures are taken at baseline, 8-week (after control period) and 16-week (after the interventions). Primary outcomes were functional capacity (incremental shuttle walk test), MIP and lower limbs strength (Sit-to-Stand test of 30 seconds). Plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (sTNFR1) and 2 (sTNFR2), adiponectin, resistin and leptin, redox status parameters and HRQoL (KDQOL-SF questionnaire) were the scondary outcomes. Data analyses were performed by two-way repeated measurements ANOVA. RESULTS: 37 hemodialysis patients aged 48.2 years old (IC95% 43.2-54.7) were randomized. Increase of MIP, functional capacity, lower limbs strength and resistin levels, and reduction of sTNFR2 levels in 16-week, compared to baseline and 8-week, were observed in all the groups (p<0.001). IMT improved functional capacity, MIP and lower limbs strength in 96.7m (IC95% 5.6-189.9), 34.5cmH2O (IC95% 22.4-46.7) and 2.2repetitions (IC95% 1.1-3.2) respectively. Increase in resistin leves and reduction in sTNFR2 leves after IMT was 0.8ng/dL (IC95% 0.5-1.1) and 0.8ng/dL (IC95% 0.3-1.3), respectively, without between-group differences. Compared to baseline and 8-week, adiponectin levels (p<0.001) and fatigue domain of the HRQoL (p<0.05) increased in 16-week only in CT. CONCLUSION: IMT, AT and CT improved functional parameters and modulated inflammatory biomarkers, in addition, IMT provoked a similar response to low intensity AT in hemodialysis patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios clínicos RBR-4hv9rs.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Fadiga/reabilitação , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/análise , Fadiga/sangue , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Pressões Respiratórias Máximas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 26(2): 222-232, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952511

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução A Doença de Alzheimer (DA) é caracterizada por perda das funções cognitivas de forma progressiva, como falhas na memória, aprendizagem e linguagem, que tendem a se agravar com o avanço da doença. As ações multidisciplinares no paciente com DA têm como objetivo interferir positivamente no processo saúde-doença, por meio de uma abordagem integral aos indivíduos e familiares, intervindo com ações voltadas à realidade na qual estão inseridos. Objetivo Realizar uma revisão sistemática sobre os efeitos da reabilitação multidisciplinar em pacientes com Doença de Alzheimer (DA). Método Foram realizadas buscas nas bases MEDLINE, LILACS, PEDro, CINAHL e Web of Science , sem restrição de data ou de idioma de publicação. Os artigos foram avaliados pelo título, pelo resumo e, posteriormente, pelo texto completo, por dois autores independentes. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos experimentais selecionados foi avaliada de acordo com a escala PEDro. Resultados Foram incluídos cinco estudos, de qualidade metodológica moderada (5,4 na escala PEDro), que evidenciaram que um programa multidisciplinar pode ser eficaz no tratamento de pacientes com DA, com melhoras significativas, principalmente, em sintomas neuropsiquiátricos, depressão e qualidade de vida. Para as demais medidas de desfecho investigadas, devido à presença de poucos estudos que encontraram efeitos positivos (nível de estresse, ansiedade, independência, atividades) ou de resultados conflitantes (cognição), não é possível determinar a eficácia dessa intervenção. Conclusão Esta revisão sistemática evidenciou que um programa multidisciplinar pode ser eficaz no tratamento de pacientes com DA, com melhoras significativas, principalmente, em sintomas neuropsiquiátricos, depressão e qualidade de vida. No entanto, os resultados para cognição, nível de ansiedade, estresse, independência e realização de atividades não foram significativos ou foram conflitantes.


Abstract Background Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is characterized by a progressive loss of cognitive functions, such as memory, learning and language deficits, which tend to be aggravated by the progression of the disease. Multidisciplinary actions in the patient with AD aim to positively interfere in the health-disease process, through an integral approach to individuals and families, intervening with actions focused on the reality in which they are inserted. Objective Conduct a systematic review of the literature investigating the effects of multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs on patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Method A searches was conducted in the Medline, LILACS, Scielo, PEDro, and CINAHL databases with no restriction regarding language and year of publication. The articles were evaluated by title, abstract, and full text and, finally selected according to eligibility by two independent authors. The methodological quality of the experimental studies was evaluated using the PEDro scale. Results Five studies of moderate methodological quality were included in the present systematic review. Results showed that multidisciplinary programs may be effective in the treatment of AD patients, with significant improvements mainly in neuropsychiatric symptoms, depression, and quality of life. For the other outcome measures investigated, because few studies with positive effects (stress level, anxiety, autonomy, and activity) or conflicting results (cognition) were found, it was not possible to determine the effectiveness of this intervention. Conclusion This systematic review has shown that multidisciplinary programs can be effective in the treatment of patients with AD, with significant improvements mainly in neuropsychiatric symptoms, depression, and quality of life; however, results regarding cognition, levels of anxiety and stress, autonomy, and performance of activities were neither significant nor conflicting.

7.
PLoS One ; 12(3): e0173159, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28278163

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inspiratory muscle function may be affected in patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), further worsening the functional loss in these individuals. However, the impact of inspiratory muscle weakness (IMW) on the functional capacity (FC) of hemodialysis patients remains unknown. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the impact of IMW on FC in ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ESRD patients on hemodialysis treatment for more than six months were evaluated for inspiratory muscle strength and FC. Inspiratory muscle strength was evaluated based on maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP). IMW was defined as MIP values less than 70% of the predicted value. FC was evaluated using the Incremental Shuttle Walk test (ISWT). Patients whose predicted peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) over the distance walked during the ISWT was less than 16mL/kg/min were considered to have FC impairment. Associations between variables were assessed by linear and logistic regression, with adjustment for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), presence of diabetes and hemoglobin level. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine different cutoff values of the MIP for normal inspiratory muscle strength and FC. RESULTS: Sixty-five ERSD patients (67.7% male), aged 48.2 (44.5-51.9) years were evaluated. MIP was an independent predictor of the distance walked during the ISWT (R2 = 0.44). IMW was an independent predictor of VO2peak < 16mL/kg/min. (OR = 5.7; p = 0.048) in adjusted logistic regression models. ROC curves showed that the MIP cutoff value of 82cmH2O had a sensitivity of 73.5% and specificity of 93.7% in predicting normal inspiratory strength and a sensitivity and specificity of 76.3% and 70.4%, respectively, in predicting VO2peak ≥ 16mL/kg/min. CONCLUSIONS: IMW is associated with reduced FC in hemodialysis patients. Evaluation of the MIP may be important to functional monitoring in clinical practice and can help in the stratification of patients eligible to perform exercise testing.


Assuntos
Tolerância ao Exercício , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Capacidade Inspiratória , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio
9.
Clin Auton Res ; 26(3): 181-8, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26979171

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The autonomic maneuvers are simple methods to evaluate autonomic balance, but the association between autonomic maneuvers and heart rate variability (HRV) in hemodialysis patients remains unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between HRV and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and Valsalva maneuver (VM) indexes in hemodialysis patients and to compare two methods for RSA indexes acquisitions. METHODS: Forty-eight volunteers on hemodialysis (66.7 % men) were evaluated by VM, RSA, and 24 h Holter monitoring. At the VM, the Valsalva index (VI) was the variable considered. In the RSA, the ratio and difference between the RR intervals of inspiratory and expiratory phase (E:I and E-I, respectively) were considered by traditional form (average of respiratory cycles) and independent respiratory cycles (E:Iindep and E-Iindep). The HRV indexes evaluated were standard deviation of all normal RR intervals (SDNN), standard deviation of sequential 5-min RR interval means (SDANN), root mean square of the successive differences (rMSSD) and percentage of adjacent RR intervals with difference of duration greater than 50 ms (pNN50). RESULTS: The SDNN, SDANN showed significant correlation with all classic indexes of RSA (E:I: r = 0.62, 0.55, respectively, E-I: r = 0.64, 0.57, respectively), E:Iindep (r = 0.59, 0.54, respectively), E-Iindep (r = 0.47, 0.43, respectively) and VI (r = 0.42, 0.34, respectively). Significant correlation of rMSSD with E:I (r = 0.37), E-I (r = 0.41) and E:Iindep (r = 0.34) was also observed. There was no association of any variable with pNN50. Have been show high values for all variables of independent cycles method (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The autonomic maneuvers, especially RSA, are useful methods to evaluate cardiac autonomic function in hemodialysis patients. The acquisition of the RSA index by independent cycles should not be used in this population.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Diálise Renal , Adulto , Variação Biológica Individual , Feminino , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Arritmia Sinusal Respiratória/fisiologia
10.
Glob Heart ; 10(3): 151-7, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26407510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with Chagas disease are at increased risk for stroke that may result in major clinical disability and death. Identification of risk factors involved in the genesis of thromboembolic events related to this disease may lead to improved therapeutic decision making and outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the prevalence of ischemic cerebrovascular events (ICE) among patients with Chagas heart disease and to identify the risk factors associated with cardioembolism in this population. METHODS: This study involved 330 patients, 193 were men (58%), with a mean age of 49 ± 12 years with Chagas disease classified in the chronic cardiac form of the disease. Comprehensive echocardiography was performed to search a substrate for cardioembolic events, especially apical aneurysm and intracavitary thrombus. RESULTS: Most of the patients were classified as New York Heart Association classes I or II (75%) with mean left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction of 39 ± 14%. Sixty-seven patients had a previous ICE with the overall prevalence of 20%. Apical aneurysms were detected in 128 patients (39%), whereas LV mural thrombi were found in 48 patients (15%). In multivariate analysis including the potential predictors of ICE, apical aneurysm (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 2.19, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 4.34; p = 0.024) and LV thrombus (adjusted OR: 2.43, 95% CI: 1.09 to 5.42; p = 0.030) emerged as important determinants of ICE, after adjusting for anticoagulation therapy. CONCLUSIONS: In a selected population referred to a tertiary center for Chagas disease that included patients with different severities of cardiac involvement, the prevalence of ICE was 20%. The presence of apical aneurysm and intracavitary thrombus were independently associated with ICE, after adjustment for other risk factors for stroke.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Cardíaco/epidemiologia , Embolia Intracraniana/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
11.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 48(2): 121-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25992924

RESUMO

Chagas disease (ChD), a neglected tropical disease caused by infection with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), remains a serious public health issue in Latin America and is an emerging disease in several non-endemic countries, where knowledge of the condition and experience with its clinical management are limited. Regionally, the disease is the major cause of disability secondary to tropical diseases in young adults. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impairment is common in patients with ChD, especially in those with Chagas dilated cardiomyopathy, the most severe manifestation of the disease, which frequently leads to heart failure. The aim of this review was to conduct a literature search for studies that have evaluated the determining factors of HRQoL in ChD patients. We included cross-sectional, case-control, cohort, and experimental studies, as well as clinical trials that evaluated the HRQoL in ChD patients aged 18 to 60 years and are presenting an explicit description of statistical analysis. Using a combination of keywords based on Descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS) and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) for searches in PubMed and the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), 148 studies were found. After exclusions, 12 studies were selected for analysis. Three main findings were extracted from these studies: 1) cardiac involvement is associated with a worse HRQoL in ChD patients; 2) HRQoL is associated with the patients' functional capacity; and 3) simple and inexpensive therapeutic measures are effective for improving HRQoL in ChD patients. Hence, ChD patients' functional capacity, the effectiveness of non-surgical conservative treatment, and cardiac involvement are important determining factors for the HRQoL in ChD patients.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Feminino , Humanos
12.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 48(2): 175-80, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25992932

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmia (EIVA) and autonomic imbalance are considered as early markers of heart disease in Chagas disease (ChD) patients. The objective of the present study was to verify the differences in the occurrence of EIVA and autonomic maneuver indexes between healthy individuals and ChD patients with no apparent cardiac involvement. METHODS: A total of 75 ChD patients with no apparent cardiac involvement, aged 44.7 (8.5) years, and 38 healthy individuals, aged 44.0 (9.2) years, were evaluated using echocardiography, symptom-limited treadmill exercise testing and autonomic function tests. RESULTS: The occurrence of EIVA was higher in the chagasic group (48%) than in the control group (23.7%) during both the effort and the recovery phases. Frequent ventricular contractions occurred only in the patient group. Additionally, the respiratory sinus arrhythmia index was significantly lower in the chagasic individuals compared with the control group. CONCLUSIONS: ChD patients with no apparent cardiac involvement had a higher frequency of EIVA as well as more vagal dysfunction by respiratory sinus arrhythmia. These results suggest that even when asymptomatic, ChD patients possess important arrhythmogenic substrates and subclinical disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(2): 175-180, mar-apr/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-746226

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION : Exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmia (EIVA) and autonomic imbalance are considered as early markers of heart disease in Chagas disease (ChD) patients. The objective of the present study was to verify the differences in the occurrence of EIVA and autonomic maneuver indexes between healthy individuals and ChD patients with no apparent cardiac involvement. METHODS : A total of 75 ChD patients with no apparent cardiac involvement, aged 44.7 (8.5) years, and 38 healthy individuals, aged 44.0 (9.2) years, were evaluated using echocardiography, symptom-limited treadmill exercise testing and autonomic function tests. RESULTS : The occurrence of EIVA was higher in the chagasic group (48%) than in the control group (23.7%) during both the effort and the recovery phases. Frequent ventricular contractions occurred only in the patient group. Additionally, the respiratory sinus arrhythmia index was significantly lower in the chagasic individuals compared with the control group. CONCLUSIONS : ChD patients with no apparent cardiac involvement had a higher frequency of EIVA as well as more vagal dysfunction by respiratory sinus arrhythmia. These results suggest that even when asymptomatic, ChD patients possess important arrhythmogenic substrates and subclinical disease. .


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Eletrocardiografia , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(2): 121-128, mar-apr/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-746233

RESUMO

Chagas disease (ChD), a neglected tropical disease caused by infection with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), remains a serious public health issue in Latin America and is an emerging disease in several non-endemic countries, where knowledge of the condition and experience with its clinical management are limited. Regionally, the disease is the major cause of disability secondary to tropical diseases in young adults. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impairment is common in patients with ChD, especially in those with Chagas dilated cardiomyopathy, the most severe manifestation of the disease, which frequently leads to heart failure. The aim of this review was to conduct a literature search for studies that have evaluated the determining factors of HRQoL in ChD patients. We included cross-sectional, case-control, cohort, and experimental studies, as well as clinical trials that evaluated the HRQoL in ChD patients aged 18 to 60 years and are presenting an explicit description of statistical analysis. Using a combination of keywords based on Descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS) and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) for searches in PubMed and the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), 148 studies were found. After exclusions, 12 studies were selected for analysis. Three main findings were extracted from these studies: 1) cardiac involvement is associated with a worse HRQoL in ChD patients; 2) HRQoL is associated with the patients' functional capacity; and 3) simple and inexpensive therapeutic measures are effective for improving HRQoL in ChD patients. Hence, ChD patients' functional capacity, the effectiveness of non-surgical conservative treatment, and cardiac involvement are important determining factors for the HRQoL in ChD patients.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Doença de Chagas/complicações , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 24(supl.9)out. 2014.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-749319

RESUMO

Introdução: disfunção ventricular e capacidade funcional são importantes marcadores de morbimortalidade na cardiopatia chagásica (CCh). Objetivos: verificar a associação entre a capacidade funcional e funções sistólica e diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo na CCh. Metodologia: foram submetidos 35 pacientes com CCh (47,11±8,15 anos) a avaliação clínica, ecocardiograma e teste de esforço cardiopulmonar (TECP), sendo classificados em dois grupos: dilatado (com cardiomiopatia dilatada) e não dilatado (função sistólica preservada). Foram consideradas as variáveis fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE), razão E/e' e o pico do consumo de oxigênio (VO2pico). Na análise estatística foram realizados os testes de Pearson ou Spearman e a análise de regressão linear múltipla avaliou o efeito da FEVE e E/e' no VO2pico. Resultados: na amostra total houve correlação significativa entre o VO2pico e a FEVE (r=0,536, p=0,001) e correlação negativa e significativa entre o VO2pico e razão E/e' (r=-0,399; p=0,022). No grupo dilatado (n=16), correlação significativa foi observada entre o VO2pico com a FEVE (r=0,611, p=0,016) e a razão E/e' (r=-0,601, p=0,018). A análise multivariada das variáveis identificou a FEVE e a razão E/e' como fortes preditores do VO2pico (r=0,850; r2 =0,723).Não houve correlação significativa entre o VO2pico e a FEVE (r=0,393, p=0,107) e a razão E/e' (r=0,102, p=0,687) no grupo não dilatado (n=19). Conclusão: a capacidade funcional avaliada pelo VO2pico relaciona-se à função sistólica e diastólica em pacientes com cardiomiopatia dilatada chagásica.


Background: Left ventricular dysfunction and functional capacity (FC) are important markers of morbidity and mortality in Chagas heart disease (CHD), however, the relationship between these clinical parameters remains controversial. Objective: To verify the association between FC and systolic and diastolic functions of the left ventricle in CHD patients. Methods: Thirty-five CHD patients (47.11±8.15 years) underwent clinical evaluation, echocardiography and Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) and were classified into two groups: dilated group (dilated cardiomyopathy) and non-dilated group (preserved systolic function). The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), E/e' ratio and peak oxygenuptake (VO2peak)were considered. Statistical analysis was carried outwith Pearson or Spearman correlation tests and backward multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of LVEF and E/e' ratio on VO2peak. Results: In the overall study population, there was a significant correlation between VO2peak and LVEF (r=0.536; p=0.001) and a significant negative correlation between VO2peak and E/e' ratio (r=-0.399;p=0.022). In the dilated group (n=16), a significant correlation was also observed between VO2peak and both LVEF(r=0.611; p=0.016) and E/e' ratio (r=-0.601; p=0.018). The multivariate analysis of these variables identified the LVEF and E/e' ratio as strong predictors of VO2peak (r=0.850; r2=0.723). In contrast, in the non-dilated group (n=19), there was no significant correlation between VO- 2peak and LVEF (r=0.393; p=0.107) and E/e' ratio (r=0.102; p=0.687). Conclusion: Functional capacity assessed by VO2peak was related to systolic and diastolic function in CHD patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.

17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(3): 201-208, 09/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-723820

RESUMO

Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) is a marker of autonomic dysfunction severity. The effects of physical training on HRV indexes in Chagas heart disease (CHD) are not well established. Objective: To evaluate the changes in HRV indexes in response to physical training in CHD. Methods: Patients with CHD and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, physically inactive, were randomized either to the intervention (IG, N = 18) or control group (CG, N = 19). The IG participated in a 12-week exercise program consisting of 3 sessions/week. Results: Mean age was 49.5 ± 8 years, 59% males, mean LVEF was 36.3 ± 7.8%. Baseline HRV indexes were similar between groups. From baseline to follow-up, total power (TP): 1653 (IQ 625 - 3418) to 2794 (1617 - 4452) ms, p = 0.02) and very low frequency power: 586 (290 - 1565) to 815 (610 - 1425) ms, p = 0.047) increased in the IG, but not in the CG. The delta (post - pre) HRV indexes were similar: SDNN 11.5 ± 30.0 vs. 3.7 ± 25.1 ms. p = 0.10; rMSSD 2 (6 - 17) vs. 1 (21 - 9) ms. p = 0.43; TP 943 (731 - 3130) vs. 1780 (921 - 2743) Hz. p = 0.46; low frequency power (LFP) 1.0 (150 - 197) vs. 60 (111 - 146) Hz. p = 0.85; except for high frequency power, which tended to increase in the IG: 42 (133 - 92) vs. 79 (61 - 328) Hz. p = 0.08). Conclusion: In the studied population, the variation of HRV indexes was similar between the active and inactive groups. Clinical improvement with physical activity seems to be independent from autonomic dysfunction markers in CHD. .


Fundamento: A variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) é marcador de gravidade da disfunção autonômica. Os efeitos do treinamento físico sobre índices de VFC na miocardiopatia chagásica (MPC) não são bem estabelecidos. Objetivo: Avaliar as mudanças nestes índices em resposta ao treinamento físico na MPC. Métodos: Pacientes com MPC e disfunção do ventrículo esquerdo (VE), fisicamente inativos, foram aleatorizados para os grupos intervenção (GI, N = 18) e controle (GC, N = 19). O GI participou de um programa de exercícios de 12 semanas, três sessões/semana. Resultados: A idade média foi de 49,5 ± 8 anos, 59% homens, FEVE de 36,3 ± 7,8%. Índices basais de VFC foram similares. Do basal ao seguimento, observamos no GI aumento da potência total (TP): 1.653 (IQ 625 - 3.418) para 2.794 (1.617 - 4.452) ms, p = 0,02) e potência de frequência muito baixa: 586 (290 - 1.565) para 815 (610 - 1.425) ms, p = 0,047), mas não no GC. A variação (pós/pré) dos índices de VFC foi similar: SDNN 11,5 ± 30,0 vs. 3,7 ± 25, 1 ms, p = 0,10; rMSSD 2 (6 - 17) vs. 1 (21 - 9) ms, p = 0,43; TP 943 (731 - 3.130) vs. 1.780 (921 - 2.743) Hz, p = 0,46 e potência de frequência baixa (LFP) 1,0 (150 - 197) vs. 60 (111 - 146) Hz, p = 0,85, exceto pela potência de alta frequência, que teve tendência a aumento no GI: 42 (133 - 92) vs. 79 (61 - 328) Hz, p = 0,08). Conclusão: Na população estudada, a variação dos índices de VFC foi similar entre os grupos ativo e inativo. A melhora clínica com o treinamento físico parece ser independente de marcadores de disfunção autonômica na MPC. .


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Chagas/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
18.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 103(3): 201-8, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25098373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is a marker of autonomic dysfunction severity. The effects of physical training on HRV indexes in Chagas heart disease (CHD) are not well established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in HRV indexes in response to physical training in CHD. METHODS: Patients with CHD and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, physically inactive, were randomized either to the intervention (IG, N = 18) or control group (CG, N = 19). The IG participated in a 12-week exercise program consisting of 3 sessions/week. RESULTS: Mean age was 49.5 ± 8 years, 59% males, mean LVEF was 36.3 ± 7.8%. Baseline HRV indexes were similar between groups. From baseline to follow-up, total power (TP): 1653 (IQ 625 - 3418) to 2794 (1617 - 4452) ms, p = 0.02) and very low frequency power: 586 (290 - 1565) to 815 (610 - 1425) ms, p = 0.047) increased in the IG, but not in the CG. The delta (post - pre) HRV indexes were similar: SDNN 11.5 ± 30.0 vs. 3.7 ± 25.1 ms. p = 0.10; rMSSD 2 (6 - 17) vs. 1 (21 - 9) ms. p = 0.43; TP 943 (731 - 3130) vs. 1780 (921 - 2743) Hz. p = 0.46; low frequency power (LFP) 1.0 (150 - 197) vs. 60 (111 - 146) Hz. p = 0.85; except for high frequency power, which tended to increase in the IG: 42 (133 - 92) vs. 79 (61 - 328) Hz. p = 0.08). CONCLUSION: In the studied population, the variation of HRV indexes was similar between the active and inactive groups. Clinical improvement with physical activity seems to be independent from autonomic dysfunction markers in CHD.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Adulto , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
19.
PLoS One ; 9(6): e100753, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24979699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease patients with right bundle-branch block (RBBB) have diverse clinical presentation and prognosis, depending on left ventricular (LV) function. Autonomic disorder can be an early marker of heart involvement. The heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise may identify autonomic dysfunction, with impact on therapeutic strategies. This study was designed to assess the HRR after symptom-limited exercise testing in asymptomatic Chagas disease patients with RBBB without ventricular dysfunction compared to patients with indeterminate form of Chagas disease and healthy controls. METHODS: One hundred and forty-nine subjects divided into 3 groups were included. A control group was comprised of healthy individuals; group 1 included patients in the indeterminate form of Chagas disease; and group 2 included patients with complete RBBB with or without left anterior hemiblock, and normal ventricular systolic function. A symptom-limited exercise test was performed and heart rate (HR) response to exercise was assessed. HRR was defined as the difference between HR at peak exercise and 1 min following test termination. RESULTS: There were no differences in heart-rate profile during exercise between healthy individuals and patients in indeterminate form, whereas patients with RBBB had more prevalence of chronotropic incompetence, lower exercise capacity and lower HRR compared with patients in indeterminate form and controls. A delayed decrease in the HR after exercise was found in 17 patients (15%), 9% in indeterminate form and 24% with RBBB, associated with older age, worse functional capacity, impaired chronotropic response, and ventricular arrhythmias during both exercise and recovery. By multivariable analysis, the independent predictors of a delayed decrease in the HRR were age (odds ratio [OR] 1.11; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03 to 1.21; p = 0.010) and presence of RBBB (OR 3.97; 95% CI 1.05 to 15.01; p = 0.042). CONCLUSIONS: A small proportion (15%) of asymptomatic Chagas patients had attenuated HRR after exercise, being more prevalent in patients with RBBB compared with patients in indeterminate form and controls.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Doença de Chagas/diagnóstico , Teste de Esforço/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas , Bloqueio de Ramo/complicações , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença de Chagas/complicações , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Exercício , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Trypanosoma cruzi/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA